c
= 40MPa f
ci
= 35MPa
f
pu
= 1860 MPa f
pi
= 1120MPa
f
pT
= 140MPa (total losses) A
ps
= 8
s
13 = 8 x 99mm
2
/strand
SOLUTION:
At service limit state
w
t
=
P
c
A
c
_1 
cc
t
r
2
_ 
H
1
S
t
u.4S 4u =
776,16u
18u,uuu
_1 
(2Su)(Suu)
Su,uuu
_ 
H
1
18 1u
6
H
1
= 424.9kN. m = (w
LL
+ 4.S)(1S)
2
8
w
LL
= 1u.61kNm
b
=
P
c
A
c
_1 +
cc
t
r
2
_ +
H
1
S
t
u.S4u =
776,16u
18u,uuu
_1 +
(2Su)(Suu)
Su,uuu
_ +
H
1
18 1u
6
H
1
= S1S.1kN. m = (w
LL
+ 4.S)(1S)
2
8
w
LL
= 6.6S1kNm
W
LL
= . 31kNm
300mm
600mm
300mm
70mm
(7 points)
50 minutes
W
LL
15 m
Prestressed Concrete
Second Exam Solution
Page 2 of 4
Problem 2: Answer the following three questions with short and precise answers:
(a) What do you understand from the term prestressing transfer length
The distance over which the strand should be bonded to the concrete to
develop the effective prestress after losses
(b) If allowable stress limits are not satisfied at the end of a beam with straight strands, write down at
least two options that can be used to satisfy these limits.
1. Use Raisedup tendons near the ends
2. Use Debonding some tendons near the ends
3. Use Supplementary nonprestressed steel
(c) In case the tension limit is exceeded, which of the following is true:
1. Extra tension force resulting from extra tension stressed should be carried by mild steel
2. Concrete cover should be increased by 30%
3. All tension force resulting from the entire tension stresses should be carried by mild steel
4. This case is not allowed to occur in the design by standard codes.
(6 points)
Prestressed Concrete
Second Exam Solution
Page 3 of 4
Problem 2: Design, for service load condition, a posttensioned Tsection to carry a total service load
of 15 kN/m (not including self weight) on a 12m simply supported span. Design the section for zero
tension, for f
ci
= 12.5MPa and f
c
= 11.0MPa at transfer and service conditions, respectively. Assume
that the sectional properties are b
f
= 0.5h, h
f
= 0.2h, and b
w
= 0.25h and use multiples of 50mm for h.
Assume the self weight of the beam is 6.0 kN/m and the following prestressing data:
f
c
= 35MPa f
ci
= 30MPa
f
pu
= 1860 MPa f
pi
= 1300MPa
f
pT
= 250MPa A
ps
= 1
s
13 = 99 mm
2
/strand
SOLUTION:
(1 y) = 2Su1Suu = u.192
H
= 6 12
2
8 = 1u8kN. m
H
S
+ H
L
= 1S 12
2
8 = 27ukN. m
S
t
=
(1 y)H
+ H
S
+ H
L
y
t

c
S
t
=
(u.192)(1u8) + (27u)
u (11)
1u
6
= 26.4S1 1u
6
mm
3
S
b
=
(1 y)H
+ H
S
+H
L
t
y
c
=
(u.192)(1u8) +(27u)
u  (u.8u8)(12.S)
1u
6
= 28.786 1u
6
mm
3
I =
(u.Sb)(u.2b)
3
12
+ (u.Sb)(u.2b)(u.SSb)
2
+
(u.2Sb)(u.8b)
3
12
+ (u.2Sb)(u.8b)(u.17b)
2
= u.u2767b
4
S
t
=
u.u2767b
4
u.4Sb
= 26.4S1 1u
6
 b = 74S.Smm ;
S
b
=
u.u2767b
4
u.S7b
= 28.786 1u
6
 b = 84umm ;
Use h = 850mm; A=216,750mm
2
I=1.444 x 10
10
mm
4
; S
t
=39.20 x 10
6
mm
3
S
b
= 30.00 x 10
6
mm
3
; r
2
= 66,621 mm
2
; M
D
= 97.54 kN.m
Analysis at Initial Stage:
cgc
=
12.5
850
(u.4S 8Su) = S.S7SHPo
P
t
=
P
A
c
_1 
cc
t
r
2
_ 
H
S
t
t
=
1,1S8,Suu
216,7Su
_1 
(26S)(S6S.S)
66,621
_ 
97.S4 1u
6
S9.2 1u
6
t
= +2.42S  2.488 = u.u6S HPo = u.u OKAY!
b
=
P
A
c
_1 +
cc
b
r
2
_ +
H
S
t
b
=
1,1S8,Suu
216,7Su
_1 +
(26S)(484.S)
66,621
_ +
97.S4 1u
6
Su.u 1u
6
t
= 1S.64S +S.2S1 = 12.S92 HPo < 12.SHPo OKAY!
2. At final stage:
t
=
P
c
A
c
_1 
cc
t
r
2
_ 
H
1
S
t
t
=
9SS,91u
216,7Su
_1 
(26S)(S6S.S)
66,621
_ 
S67.S4 1u
6
S9.2 1u
6
t
= +1.96u  9.S76 = 7.416 HPo < 11HPo OKAY!
b
=
P
c
A
c
_1 +
cc
b
r
2
_ +
H
1
S
t
b
=
9SS,91u
216,7Su
_1 +
(26S)(484.S)
66,621
_ +
S67.S4 1u
6
Su.u 1u
6
t
= 12.6S9 +12.2S1 = u.S88 HPo = u.u OKAY!
170
850
450
212.5
265
9
s
13