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Prestressed Concrete

Second Exam Solution


Page 1 of 4

Name:.. ID.:..

Problem 1: Consider the prestressed concrete beam shown below, which is to be used in an industrial
building construction. The beam is only reinforced with prestressing steel and no mild reinforcement
is used. What is the maximum live load that this beam can carry (in addition to the self weight)
considering only the allowable section stresses at Midspan?
The material properties and prestressing are as follow:









f

c
= 40MPa f

ci
= 35MPa
f
pu
= 1860 MPa f
pi
= 1120MPa
f
pT
= 140MPa (total losses) A
ps
= 8
s
13 = 8 x 99mm
2
/strand

SOLUTION:
At service limit state
w

= (u.S u.6)(2S) = 4.SkNm


P
c
= (8 99)(112u -14u)1uuu = 776.16kN
c = Suu - 7u = 2Summ; A = Suu 6uu = 18u,uuumm
2
; I = (Suu)(6uu)
3
12 = S.4 1u
9
mm
4

r
2
= S.4 1u
9
18u,uuu = Su,uuumm
2

S
t
= S
b
= S.4 1u
9
Suu = 18 1u
6
mm
3

t
=
-P
c
A
c
_1 -
cc
t
r
2
_ -
H
1
S
t

-u.4S 4u =
-776,16u
18u,uuu
_1 -
(2Su)(Suu)
Su,uuu
_ -
H
1
18 1u
6


H
1
= 424.9kN. m = (w
LL
+ 4.S)(1S)
2
8
w
LL
= 1u.61kNm

b
=
-P
c
A
c
_1 +
cc
t
r
2
_ +
H
1
S
t

u.S4u =
-776,16u
18u,uuu
_1 +
(2Su)(Suu)
Su,uuu
_ +
H
1
18 1u
6


H
1
= S1S.1kN. m = (w
LL
+ 4.S)(1S)
2
8
w
LL
= 6.6S1kNm




W
LL
= . 31kNm



300mm
600mm
300mm
70mm
(7 points)
50 minutes
W
LL
15 m
Prestressed Concrete
Second Exam Solution
Page 2 of 4




Problem 2: Answer the following three questions with short and precise answers:

(a) What do you understand from the term prestressing transfer length


The distance over which the strand should be bonded to the concrete to
develop the effective prestress after losses



(b) If allowable stress limits are not satisfied at the end of a beam with straight strands, write down at
least two options that can be used to satisfy these limits.


1. Use Raised-up tendons near the ends
2. Use Debonding some tendons near the ends
3. Use Supplementary nonprestressed steel




(c) In case the tension limit is exceeded, which of the following is true:

1. Extra tension force resulting from extra tension stressed should be carried by mild steel

2. Concrete cover should be increased by 30%

3. All tension force resulting from the entire tension stresses should be carried by mild steel

4. This case is not allowed to occur in the design by standard codes.


(6 points)
Prestressed Concrete
Second Exam Solution
Page 3 of 4


Problem 2: Design, for service load condition, a post-tensioned T-section to carry a total service load
of 15 kN/m (not including self weight) on a 12m simply supported span. Design the section for zero-
tension, for f
ci
= 12.5MPa and f
c
= 11.0MPa at transfer and service conditions, respectively. Assume
that the sectional properties are b
f
= 0.5h, h
f
= 0.2h, and b
w
= 0.25h and use multiples of 50mm for h.
Assume the self weight of the beam is 6.0 kN/m and the following prestressing data:
f

c
= 35MPa f

ci
= 30MPa
f
pu
= 1860 MPa f
pi
= 1300MPa
f
pT
= 250MPa A
ps
= 1
s
13 = 99 mm
2
/strand


SOLUTION:
(1 -y) = 2Su1Suu = u.192
H

= 6 12
2
8 = 1u8kN. m
H
S
+ H
L
= 1S 12
2
8 = 27ukN. m

S
t
=
(1 -y)H

+ H
S
+ H
L
y
t
-
c


S
t
=
(u.192)(1u8) + (27u)
u -(-11)
1u
6
= 26.4S1 1u
6
mm
3


S
b
=
(1 -y)H

+ H
S
+H
L

t
-y
c
=
(u.192)(1u8) +(27u)
u - (u.8u8)(-12.S)
1u
6
= 28.786 1u
6
mm
3


I =
(u.Sb)(u.2b)
3
12
+ (u.Sb)(u.2b)(u.SSb)
2
+
(u.2Sb)(u.8b)
3
12
+ (u.2Sb)(u.8b)(u.17b)
2
= u.u2767b
4


S
t
=
u.u2767b
4
u.4Sb
= 26.4S1 1u
6
- b = 74S.Smm ;

S
b
=
u.u2767b
4
u.S7b
= 28.786 1u
6
- b = 84umm ;


Use h = 850mm; A=216,750mm
2
I=1.444 x 10
10
mm
4
; S
t
=39.20 x 10
6
mm
3

S
b
= 30.00 x 10
6
mm
3
; r
2
= 66,621 mm
2
; M
D
= 97.54 kN.m

Analysis at Initial Stage:


cgc
=
-12.5
850
(u.4S 8Su) = -S.S7SHPo
P

= S.S7S 216,7Su1uuu = 1,16SkN


A
ps
= 1,16S 1u
3
1Suu = 896.2mm
2
USE 9
s
13= 891mm
2

P

= 891 1Suu1uuu = 1,1S8.SkN


c
c
= (u + S.S7S)
39.2010
6
1,158,300
+
97.5410
6
1,158,300
= 266.uumm

Use 9
s
13= 891mm
2
; P
i
= 1,158.3 kN ; e
c
= 265 mm ; P
e
= 935.91 kN



h
f

h
b
f

b
w

e
C
t
=0.43h
C
b
=0.57h
(12 points)
Prestressed Concrete
Second Exam Solution
Page 4 of 4

Check Stresses:

1. At initial stage:

t
=
-P

A
c
_1 -
cc
t
r
2
_ -
H

S
t

t
=
-1,1S8,Suu
216,7Su
_1 -
(26S)(S6S.S)
66,621
_ -
97.S4 1u
6
S9.2 1u
6

t
= +2.42S - 2.488 = -u.u6S HPo = u.u OKAY!

b
=
-P

A
c
_1 +
cc
b
r
2
_ +
H

S
t

b
=
-1,1S8,Suu
216,7Su
_1 +
(26S)(484.S)
66,621
_ +
97.S4 1u
6
Su.u 1u
6

t
= -1S.64S +S.2S1 = -12.S92 HPo < 12.SHPo OKAY!


2. At final stage:

t
=
-P
c
A
c
_1 -
cc
t
r
2
_ -
H
1
S
t

t
=
-9SS,91u
216,7Su
_1 -
(26S)(S6S.S)
66,621
_ -
S67.S4 1u
6
S9.2 1u
6

t
= +1.96u - 9.S76 = -7.416 HPo < 11HPo OKAY!

b
=
-P
c
A
c
_1 +
cc
b
r
2
_ +
H
1
S
t

b
=
-9SS,91u
216,7Su
_1 +
(26S)(484.S)
66,621
_ +
S67.S4 1u
6
Su.u 1u
6

t
= -12.6S9 +12.2S1 = -u.S88 HPo = u.u OKAY!



170
850
450
212.5
265
9
s
13