Weibull Analysis

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Weibull Analysis
Background: The resulting analysis provides estimates for the Weibull shape parameter, β, and characteristic life, η. The reliability and hazard rate can be determined estimated at a specific point in time (x) using the derived β and η. Using these parameters, the Weibull distribution can then be used to model many different failure distributions. The two-parameter Weibull distribution probability density function, reliability function and hazard rate are given by:

Probability Density Function

Reliability Function

Hazard Rate

A three-parameter Weibull Distribution also includes a location parameter, sometimes termed failure free life. For these cases, t in the above above equations is replaced by t-δ. The characteristic life, η, is the point where 63.2% percent of the population will have failed. This is true regardless of the shape parameter (β) chosen. The following shape parameter characteristics are noted: β = 1.0 : Exponential distribution, constant failure rate β = 3.5 : Normal distribution (approximation) β < 1.0 : Decreasing failure (hazard) rate β > 1.0 : Increasing failure (hazard) rate Median ranks are calculated using the following equation.

Median Rank Equation

where: j is the failure order n is the sample size Data that contains non-failed items is termed "censored," or "suspended" test data. For this type of data adjusted ranking, or ordered points, are calculated and used to calculate F(t), the cumulative fraction failed. This modified order is then used for j in the above median rank equation. The column labled Increment in the table is calculated using the following equation.

Increment Equation



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plus Ij calculated according to the above equation. Bryan. The New Weibull Handbook Fifth Edition. including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. http://reliabilityanalyticstoolkit. Supportability. 9. 13.htm. 10. both failures and censored items. Risk. T. c is the number if remaining points. 3. Typical beta (β) values: http://www. Birolini.com/LifeDataWeb/published_examples_using_the_weibull_distribution. etc. Paul. Op is the order of the previous point.wikipedia. http://en. Robert.org/wiki/Weibull_distribution http://en. or usefulness of any information. Khan Academy. 14. miles.com/wdbase. NIST Engineering Statistics Handbook . 11. 4. Igor. years. is the order of the previous point. or process disclosed. 12. Probability density functions for continuous random variables. Reliability Theory and Practice. Weibull Analysis Dodson. 2. Reliability Engineering: Theory and Practice. n is the total number of records. Reliability and Statistical Analysis for Predicting Life. 6. 8. Op. nor assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy. Copyright © 2011 Reliability Analytics Corporation All content and materials on this site are provided "as is" Reliability Analytics makes no warranty.org/wiki/Maximum_likelihood Weibull Distribution. Bryan.) can be used as long as there is consistency among the inputs. Alessandro..barringer1. The calculation inputs are show units of "hours. express or implied.com References: 1. Nelson. Wayne.weibull. or record. Barringer. Safety. nor represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. These calculations are shown for each point in the table columns labeled Increment and Order in the calculation results. Página 2 The order of each point.htm Kececioglu. Vol 1 . The Weibull Analysis Handbook Abernethy. Help Toolkit Home Feedback: reliabilityanalytics." but any life metric (cycles. Reliability & Life Testing Handbook. http://www.com/weibull_analysis_details 05-09-2011 2:13:42 . D.wikipedia. O'Connor.appspot. Practical Reliability Engineering. completeness.Weibull Analysis Ij is the increment for point j. including the current point.. 5. Dimitri. Applied Life Data Analysis (Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics) Dodson. Cost and Warranty Claims Bazovsky. apparatus. Oj. 7. product. Patrick.

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