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GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual

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GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual

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2013-1-13

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GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual

Contents
1 Definition of the Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate ............................................................ 5
1.1 Definition ......................................................................................................................................................... 5 1.2 Recommended Formulas .................................................................................................................................. 5 1.2.1 Success Rate of Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Radio Handover .......................................................... 5 1.2.2 Success Rate of Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Radio Handover ........................................................... 6 1.3 Signaling Procedure and Measurement Points ................................................................................................. 6

2 Influencing Factors ....................................................................................................................... 8
2.1 Hardware Failure .............................................................................................................................................. 8 2.2 Transmission Problems .................................................................................................................................... 8 2.3 Version Upgrade ............................................................................................................................................... 8 2.4 MS Problems .................................................................................................................................................... 9 2.5 Improper Parameter Settings ............................................................................................................................ 9 2.6 Unbalanced Traffic Volume ............................................................................................................................ 11 2.7 Intra-Network and Inter-Network Interference .............................................................................................. 12 2.8 Coverage Problems ........................................................................................................................................ 12

3 Analysis Process and Optimization Method ......................................................................... 13
3.1 Analysis Process ............................................................................................................................................. 13 3.2 Problem Location and Optimization Methods................................................................................................ 14 3.2.1 Checking the Hardware Status of the Cells with High Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate .................. 14 3.2.2 Checking the Transmission in the Cells with High Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate ....................... 15 3.2.3 Checking the Problems Caused by BSC Version Upgrade and BTS Version Upgrade ......................... 16 3.2.4 Checking the Parameter Settings in the Cells with High Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate ............... 16 3.2.5 Checking the Interference in the Cells with High Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate ......................... 17 3.2.6 Checking the Conditions of Coverage, Antenna, and Balance Between Uplink and Downlink in the Cells with High Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate....................................................................................... 18 3.2.7 Checking the Repeaters in the Cells with Low Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate .............................. 19

4 Test Methods ................................................................................................................................ 20 5 Optimization Cases..................................................................................................................... 21
5.1 Case 1: Data Configuration ............................................................................................................................ 21 5.2 Case 2: Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate Decreasing Caused by Data Configuration ................................ 22

6 Information Feedback ................................................................................................................ 23

2013-1-13

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GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual Revision Record Date Version Description Author References SN Document Author Date 2013-1-13 Page 3 of 23 .

Acronyms and Abbreviations: Abbreviation Full Spelling 2013-1-13 Page 4 of 23 . test methods. and optimization methods of the inter-RAT handover success rate.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual Keywords: Inter-RAT handover success rate Abstract: This document introduces the definition.

In the BSC6000.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual 1 Definition of the Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate 1. The recommended formula is as follows: Number of successful incoming inter-RAT inter-cell handovers/Number of incoming inter-RAT inter-cell handover responses. the recommended formula is as follows: Success rate of incoming inter-RAT inter-cell radio handover = Number of successful incoming inter-RAT inter-cell handovers/Number of Incoming inter-RAT inter-cell handover responses x 100% = CH363/CH361 x 100% 2013-1-13 Page 5 of 23 .1 Success Rate of Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Radio Handover The success rate of incoming inter-RAT inter-cell radio handover is obtained on the basis of the traffic measurement. 1. The KPIs directly affect the experience of 2G/3G users and are most significant KPIs for the operators to appraise the 2G/3G network interoperability.2. The success rate of outgoing inter-RAT inter-cell radio handover refers to the ratio of the total number of successful handovers from 2G cell to 3G cell triggered by all causes to the total number of handover commands from 2G cell to 3G cell triggered by all causes.2 Recommended Formulas 1.1 Definition The success rate of incoming inter-RAT inter-cell radio handover refers to the ratio of the total number of successful handovers from 3G cell to 2G cell triggered by all causes to the total number of handover requests from 3G cell to 2G cell triggered by all causes. Both the success rate of incoming inter-RAT inter-cell radio handover and the success rate of outgoing inter-RAT inter-cell radio handover are important retainability KPIs.

the recommended formula is as follows: Success rate of outgoing inter-RAT inter-cell radio handover = Number of successful outgoing inter-RAT inter-cell handovers/Number of outgoing inter-RAT inter-cell handovers x 100% = CH353/CH351 x 100% For details.2. In the BSC6000. refer to the GSM BSS Network KPI (2G/3G Interoperability) Baseline.3 Signaling Procedure and Measurement Points UE NodeB RNC Serving CN MSC BSC BTS 1Relocation RQD 2Prepare HO 3HO REQ A1 5Prepare HO Response 6Relocation CMD 7Inter System HO CMD 8HO Detect 4HO REQ ACK B1 9 HO CMP C1 10 HO CMP 11Send End Signal REQ 12Iu REL CMD 13IU REL CMP 14Send End Signal Response 图1 系统间入小区切换流程 Where: A1 – Number of incoming inter-RAT inter-cell handover requests B1 – Number of incoming inter-RAT inter-cell handover responses C1 – Number of successful incoming inter-RAT inter-cell handovers 2013-1-13 Page 6 of 23 .2 Success Rate of Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Radio Handover The success rate of outgoing inter-RAT inter-cell radio handover is obtained on the basis of the traffic measurement. 1.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual 1. The recommended formula is as follows: Number of successful outgoing inter-RAT inter-cell handovers/Number of outgoing inter-RAT inter-cell handovers.

Number of outgoing inter-RAT inter-cell handover requests B2 – Number of outgoing inter-RAT inter-cell handovers C2 – Number of successful outgoing inter-RAT inter-cell handovers The measurement points of 2G/3G interoperability KPIs are presented as follows: Success rate of incoming inter-RAT inter-cell radio handover: C1/B1 Success rate of outgoing inter-RAT inter-cell radio handover: C2/B2 2013-1-13 Page 7 of 23 .GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual UE NodeB RNC Serving CN MSC 1HO RQD 2Prepare HO BSC BTS A2 3Relocation REQ 4Relocation REQ ACK 5Prepare HO Response 6HO CMD 7 HO CMD 8Relocation Detect 9 HO CMP 10Relocation CMP 11Send End Signal REQ 12Clear CMD B2 C2 13Clear CMP 14Send End Signal Response Outgoing inter-RAT inter-cell handover procedure Where: A2 .

the inter-RAT handover success rate decreases. the BSC6000V9R3 and later versions.2 Transmission Problems The inter-RAT handover success rate decreases in any of the following conditions: (1) The transmission quality is bad on the A or Abis interface due to various reasons. 2013-1-13 Page 8 of 23 . As a result.1 Hardware Failure During the test. 2. However. that is. As a result. that is. 2. the inter-RAT handover success rate decreases. seizing the TCH becomes difficult. (2) Transmission links are unstable.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual 2         Influencing Factors According to user complaints and network optimization experience. the inter-RAT handover may fail. the major factors that affect the inter-RAT handover success rate are as follows: Hardware failure Transmission problems Version upgrade MS problems Improper parameter settings Unbalanced traffic volume Intra-network and inter-network interference Coverage problems 2.3 Version Upgrade All the current versions of the BSC6000 of Huawei support the handover between the GSM and the 3G UTRAN FDD system. if the following restrictions exist. The initial field trial release and later versions. a version does not support the inter-RAT handover in FFD or TDD mode. when a large number of terrestrial resources are unavailable or devices are faulty. support the handover between the GSM and the 3G UTRAN TDD system.

operators add and reduce some functions from the MSs. Thus. otherwise. To implement special functions and features of operators. Recommended value during the 2G/3G interoperability: Yes Better 3G Cell HO Allowed: Indicates whether the better 3G cell handover algorithm is allowed. and the basis for sorting 3G cells. a better 3G cell handover is triggered when the RSCP of a 2013-1-13 Page 9 of 23 Early Classmark Sending Control (ECSC) 3G HO Data table . Indicates whether the MSs in a cell use early classmark sending.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual 2. the handover to 3G cell is impacted. Yes indicates the handover algorithm is allowed. scrambling codes. the 3G cell handover is preferred. FDD MULTIRAT Reporting: Indicates the number of UTRAN FDD cells that are contained in the measurement report. and if the receive level of the first candidate cell among 2G candidate cells is lower than or equal to the HO Preference Threshold for 2G Cell. and diversity indication of 3G UTRAN FDD neighboring cells. You can send classmark 3 with the MS to determine whether the MS supports 3G.4 MS Problems Now. The main parameters include: 3G System Information Data Table 3G Search PRIO: Indicates whether the BISC is allowed to search for a 3G cell when the BISC must be decoded. many operators take the sales strategy of presenting an MS for free after a subscriber subscribes to 3G network services. the failure can be located through the MS-related support capability and parameter settings. Serving Band Reporting: Indicates the number of cells that are contained in the best cell list in the current serving band. most MSs are customized multi-mode MSs. Inter-RAT In BSC Handover Enable/Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable: Indicates whether the handover from 2G to 3G is allowed. the MS starts to search for 3G cells. 3G BA2 Table Provides the frequencies. Default value: Yes Qsearch C: Indicates the signal level threshold for cell search in connection mode.5 Improper Parameter Settings The settings of some parameters of BSC and MSC also affect the inter-RAT handover success rate. and No indicates the handover algorithm is not allowed. 2. RSCP Threshold for Better 3G Cell HO: If Outgoing-RAT HO Allowed is set to Yes and Better 3G Cell HO Allowed is also set to Yes. If the parameter is not set. when a type of MS always incurs handover failure. HO Preference Threshold for 2G Cell: If the Inter-RAT HO Preference parameter is set to Preference for 2G Cell By Threshold. When the signal level in the serving cell is below (0–7) or above (8–15). the 2G cell handover is preferred. In the network. Recommended value during the 2G/3G interoperability: Yes Inter-RAT HO Preference: Indicates whether an MS is preferentially handed over to a 2G cell or a 3G cell.

This parameter is set in the advanced call-control parameter table according to the actual MSC protocol version. whose value ranges from 0 to 16383. This parameter is set on the core network side. The supported signaling varies with the protocol versions. add the corresponding cells to the neighboring cell table. Default value: R98 or R98 below. Recommended value during the 2G/3G interoperability: Yes Equivalent PLMN refers to the PLMN that can provide the same services to subscribers as the current network does. Set the peer PLMNs of both 2G core network and 3G core network to Equivalent PLMN. the subscriber distribution is impacted. During the 2G/3G interoperability. of the neighboring 3G cell. Default value: 50 Ec/No Threshold for Better 3G Cell HO: If Outgoing-RAT HO Allowed is set to Yes and Better 3G Cell HO Allowed is also set to Yes. and the diversity indication. a better 3G cell handover is triggered when the Ec/No of a neighboring 3G cell is greater than Ec/No Threshold for Better 3G Cell HO. whose value ranges from 0 to 1. Value range: R98 or R98 below and R99 or R99 above. improper parameter settings affect cell reselection. This parameter is set in the advanced idle parameter table. As a result. To implement 2G/3G inter-RAT cell reselection. whose value ranges from 0 to 511. the scrambling code. The settings include the downlink frequency. 3G BA1 Table 3G System Information Data Table 2013-1-13 Page 10 of 23 . The parameters that affect the 2G/3G inter-RAT cell reselection are as follows: Parameter Inter-RAT Cell Reselection Enable Equivalent PLMN Table Parameter Configuration Inter-RAT Cell Reselection Enable: Indicates whether the reselection from a 2G cell to a 3G cell is allowed. of the neighboring 3G cell. MSC Version Information: Indicates the protocol version of the MSC that works with the BSC. Default value: 35 3G External Cell Indicates how to configure a 3G external cell and the neighboring cell relation between the cell and a 2G cell.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual neighboring 3G cell is greater than RSCP Threshold for Better 3G Cell HO. and configure the neighboring relation. of the neighboring 3G cell.

–74 dBm. –16 dB. the MS does not search for 3G cells at all. the MS searches for 3G cells all the time. –70 dBm. Default value: Use Qsearch_I FDD Q Offset: Indicates that a 3G cell can become a candidate cell for reselection only when the average receive level of the 3G cell is FDD Q Offset greater than the average receive level of the current serving cell. –58 dBm. 8 dB. The values 1 to 15 correspond to the following levels respectively: –28 dB. –62 dBm. –18 dB. The values 0 to 6 map to the following signal levels respectively: –98 dBm. –86 dBm. –90 dBm. the MS starts to search for 3G cells if the signal level of the current serving cell is higher than the level corresponding to the parameter. –4 dB. –12 dB. –16 dB. -19 dB. Value range: 0–15. and -13 dB. such as burst traffic. –8 dB. 16 dB. 24 dB. an MS starts to search for neighboring 3G cells only when it meets the Qsearch I.6 Unbalanced Traffic Volume Traffic volume is unevenly distributed in the network in the test environment. 4 dB. 20 dB. The values 8 to 14 map to the following signal levels respectively: –78 dBm. Value range: Always. Value range: 0–7. The values 0 to 7 map to the following levels respectively: –20 dB. If this parameter is set to Use Qsearch_I. Default value: 0 FDD Qmin: Indicates that a 3G cell can become a candidate cell for reselection only when the receive level of the 3G cell is greater than FDD_Qmin. –24 dB.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual Parameter Parameter Configuration Qsearch I: When the parameter is set to 0–7. If this parameter is set to 7. When the parameter is set to 8–15. 2013-1-13 Page 11 of 23 . an MS always searches for neighboring 3G cells. and 28 dB. the MS starts to search for 3G cells if the signal level of the current serving cell is lower than the level corresponding to the parameter. Use Qsearch_I. Qsearch C Initial: Specifies the mode in which an MS searches for 3G cells. and –74 dBm. it indicates that the reselection is allowed as long as the FDD neighboring cell exists. 0 dB. 2. If this parameter is set to Always. the inter-RAT handover success rate decreases. –78 dBm. -15 dB. and –54 dBm. –66 dBm. 12 dB. –82 dBm. -17 dB. This causes the 3G or 2G network congestion. If the parameter is set to 0. –20 dB. –14 dB. As a result. Default value: 0 (-20 dB). –94 dBm. If this parameter is set to 15.

This affects the inter-RAT handover success rate. if the site is selected incorrectly. 2013-1-13 Page 12 of 23 . call drops may occur on SD or TCH channels due to bad QoS. or if severe intra-network interference occurs because of tight frequency reuse. the inter-RAT handover success rate decreases because of discontinuous coverage. 3. 2. The following types of interference may occur: 1. In addition. Poor indoor coverage Densely distributed buildings and thick walls cause great attenuation. Insufficient coverage At the late construction stage of the 3G network. 3.7 Intra-Network and Inter-Network Interference If inter-network interference and repeater interference exist. the 2G and 3G signal loss difference causes 2G and 3G signal coverage difference. and at the early construction stage of the 3G network.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual 2. 5. Discontinuous coverage (blind areas) In complex terrains covered by 3G BTSs and complex radio transmission environment. As a result. the signals from antennas are blocked or the BCCH TRX is faulty. 4. the inter-RAT handover success rate decreases during a call. the inter-RAT handover success rate decreases because of the discontinuous coverage of 3G signals.8 Coverage Problems The following coverage problems may affect the inter-RAT handover success rate: 1. 2. As a result. Inter-network interference from scramblers or privately installed antennas Repeater interference Intermodulation interference from BTSs Intra-network co-channel and adjacent-channel interference Three-phrase intermodulation interference from other inter-network systems 2.

N o Yes Insufficient coverage or blind area? Add coverage optimization RF indexes. Yes Transmission problem or hardware fault? Solve the problem. Yes End 2013-1-13 Page 13 of 23 .GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual 3 Analysis Process and Optimization Method 3.1 Analysis Process Start A problem in the whole network? Yes Caused by version upgrade? Replace the version or install a patch. N o Data configuration problem? Yes Adjust handover parameters N o Traffic unevenly distributed? Yes 否 Optimize handover reselection parameters N o Antenna faulty? Yes Adjust the antenna. N o Interference exists? Yes Locate interference source.

You must check the parameter settings. and make statistics of the distribution of these causes.2 Problem Location and Optimization Methods General ideas To analyze an inter-RAT handover success rate problem. rectify the antenna problem. Secondly.2. Or view the product release description of inter-RAT handover. classify the cells into the cells with low inter-RAT handover success rate and TOPN cells. Rectify the problems caused by the defective software. Fourthly. Thirdly.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual 3. check the success rate of outgoing inter-RAT inter-cell handover and success rate of incoming inter-RAT inter-cell handover in the inter-RAT handover measurement. Fifthly. 3. Thus. version upgrade or version itself. Specific analysis methods and ideas First. analyze the outgoing/incoming inter-RAT inter-cell handover measurement of faulty cells to find the cells to which handover failure occurs. if the problem exists in some cells in a certain area. Preliminarily find the handover failure causes through the analysis of the traffic statistics. determine the handover failure scope through the analysis of traffic measurement. you need to rectify the problem by checking the inter-RAT handover characteristics parameters. Check whether the traffic volume bursts or is congested.1 Checking the Hardware Status of the Cells with High Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate If a TRX or a combiner is faulty or if an RF cable is incorrectly connected. and interference problem. determine whether the problem exists in a cell or in the whole network first of all. and thus the inter-RAT handover success rate decreases. check the TRX availability of faulty cells to determine whether the failure is caused by faulty devices. After rectifying the preceding problems. and BSC clock. The following table lists the major BSC alarms related to hardware failures: 2013-1-13 Page 14 of 23 . finally rectify the inter-RAT handover success rate problem. If the problem of low handover success rate exists in the whole network. check whether the hardware and transmission in these cells incur error. seizing the SDCCH becomes difficult. determine whether the problem is an outgoing inter-RAT handover problem or an incoming inter-RAT handover problem through the analysis of traffic measurement. the relevant parameter may be set incorrectly. If the inter-RAT handover success rate is low in all the cells. you need to find the detailed causes. check the number of A interface failures during TCH seizure and the number of terrestrial link disconnections to determine whether the failure is caused by faulty terrestrial link devices. Check whether the software version supports the 3G inter-RAT handover. whether relevant alarms are generated. insufficient coverage problem. You can check whether hardware is faulty by viewing BTS alarms or viewing the hardware state on the Site Device Panel of the LMT. Analyze the failure causes. Subsequently. In this way. First. circuits on the A interface. Secondly. and then perform the following steps to rectify the problem. and whether these cells are in normal status.

GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual Alarm ID 1000 2204 4414 3606 Alarm Name LAPD_OML fault TRX communication alarm TRX VSWR alarm DRU hardware alarm In addition. or insufficient resources on the Abis and A interfaces may lead to the decrease of the inter-RAT handover success rate. The following table lists the BSC alarms related to transmission failures: Alarm ID 1000 11270 11278 11280 20081 20082 Alarm Name LAPD_OML fault LAPD alarm E1 local alarm E1 remote alarm Loss of E1/T1 signals (LOS) Loss of E1/T1 frames (LOF) In addition. Then. You can check the transmission conditions by viewing the alarms related to transmission. you can locate the fault by checking the traffic measurement related to hardware failures. 2013-1-13 Page 15 of 23 . as shown in the following table.2 Checking the Transmission in the Cells with High Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate Poor transmission quality. as shown in the following table. you should check the transmission connections. you can infer that transmission failures occur. Cause Equipment faults BSC Level BSC Measurement -> Access measurement per BSC -> Congestion Ratio on SDCCH per BSC SDCCH Availability per BSC Cell Level Channel Measurement -> Analyzed Measurement of Available Channels (SDCCH) Call Measurement -> Call Drop Measurement Call Drops due to Equipment Failure (Signaling Channel) 3. you can locate the fault by checking the traffic measurement related to transmission failures. unstable transmission links.2. If a large number of transmission alarms are generated.

otherwise. You should check the settings of the following parameters for a faulty cell: Outgoing-RAT HO Allowed: Indicates whether the outgoing system handover from 2G to 3G is allowed. the 2G cell handover is preferred. or provide the feedback to the Maintenance Team to learn whether the new version has known defects. 3.2. Recommended value during the 2G/3G interoperability: Yes Better 3G Cell HO Allowed: Indicates whether the better 3G cell handover algorithm is allowed. and if the receive level of the first candidate cell among 2G candidate cells is less than or equal to Pre_2G_CellThres. To locate the problem. Recommended value during the 2G/3G interoperability: Yes Inter-RAT HO Preference: Indicates whether an MS is preferentially handed over to a 2G cell or a 3G cell. you can check the version description document and the related documents. Recommended value during the 2G/3G interoperability: Yes Inter RAN Load Information Allowed: Indicates whether to use the information about the load of 3G neighboring cells for load handover decision.3 Checking the Problems Caused by BSC Version Upgrade and BTS Version Upgrade If the inter-RAT handover success rate drops greatly after the BSC version or BTS version is upgraded. a better 3G cell handover is triggered when the 2013-1-13 Page 16 of 23 .2. the 3G cell handover is preferred. HO Preference Threshold for 2G Cell: If Inter-RAT HO Preference is set to HO Preference Threshold for 2G Cell. If the new version has defects. you should replace it with another version or install a patch.4 Checking the Parameter Settings in the Cells with High Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate The parameter settings on the BSC side and MSC side may affect the inter-RAT handover success rate. you should check whether the BTS version is compatible with the BSC version and whether the parameters and algorithms in the new version are changed. and No indicates the handover algorithm is not allowed. Yes indicates the handover algorithm is allowed. RSCP Threshold for Better 3G Cell HO: If Outgoing-RAT HO Allowed is set to Yes and Better 3G Cell HO Allowed is also set to Yes.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual Cause Transmis sion failure BSC Level BSC Measurement -> LAPD Measurement Cell Level Call Measurement -> Channel Activation Measurement -> CHAN ACTIV NACK Messages Sent by BTS Channel Activation Timeouts Call Measurement -> Call Drop Measurement Measurement of Call Drops Due to Abis Link Failure 3.

This affects the inter-RAT handover success rate. The interference elimination can be classified into intra-network interference elimination and inter-network interference elimination. 3. In this case. 2013-1-13 Page 17 of 23 . or if severe intra-network interference occurs because of tight frequency reuse. When the signal level in the serving cell is below (0–7) or above (8–15). For details about interference elimination.2. see the G-Guide to Eliminating Interference. Default value: 35 3G Search PRIO: Indicates whether the BISC is allowed to search for a 3G cell when the BISC must be decoded. A large proportion of interference levels belong to interference bands 3–5. Serving Band Reporting: Indicates the number of cells that are contained in the best cell list in the current serving band. you can view the interference band distribution at the TRX level based on the SD or TCH measurement report. the MS starts to search for 3G cells.5 Checking the Interference in the Cells with High Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate If inter-network interference and repeater interference exist. you can infer that the uplink has strong interference. a better 3G cell handover is triggered when the Ec/No of a neighboring 3G cell is greater than Ec/No Threshold for Better 3G Cell HO. call drops may occur on SD or TCH channels due to bad QoS. The uplink interference information can be obtained on the basis of the interference band distribution in the traffic measurement results. FDD MULTIRAT Reporting: Indicates the number of UTRAN FDD cells that are contained in the measurement report.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual RSCP of a neighboring 3G cell is greater than RSCP Threshold for Better 3G Cell HO. Default value: Yes QSearch C: Indicates the signal level threshold for cell search in connection mode. Default value: 50 Ec/No Threshold for Better 3G Cell HO: If Outgoing-RAT HO Allowed is set to Yes and Better 3G Cell HO Allowed is also set to Yes.

and Balance Between Uplink and Downlink in the Cells with High Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate In the cells with high inter-RAT handover success rate.6 Checking the Conditions of Coverage. see the following documents: GSM BSS Network KPI (Coverage) Optimization Manual and GSM BSS Network KPI (Uplink and Downlink Balance) Optimization Manual. In the cell where the preceding problems exist. Coverage problems or imbalance problems between UL and DL exist if the following phenomena occurs: DL receive level is low. water penetration. level quality deteriorates gradually. the difference between the UL level and DL level is large in the measurement report viewed through the signaling. you can check the network coverage through DT and CQT. 2013-1-13 Page 18 of 23 .GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual Cause Interference TRX Level MR Measurement -> Interference Band Measurement -> Mean Number of SDCCHs in Interference Band 1 Mean Number of SDCCHs in Interference Band 2 Mean Number of SDCCHs in Interference Band 3 Mean Number of SDCCHs in Interference Band 4 Mean Number of SDCCHs in Interference Band 5 MR Measurement -> Interference Band Measurement -> Mean Number of TCHFs in Interference Band 1 Mean Number of TCHFs in Interference Band 2 Mean Number of TCHFs in Interference Band 3 Mean Number of TCHFs in Interference Band 4 Mean Number of TCHFs in Interference Band 5 MR Measurement -> Interference Band Measurement -> Mean Number of TCHHs in Interference Band 1 Mean Number of TCHHs in Interference Band 2 Mean Number of TCHHs in Interference Band 3 Mean Number of TCHHs in Interference Band 4 Mean Number of TCHHs in Interference Band 5 3. To rectify the preceding problems. and call access is performed for a long time. In addition. and damage. Some cell coverage problems and imbalance problems between UL and DL are caused by the coverage direction and tilt angle of antennas. the DL measurement report is lost. The deteriorated receive quality is also reflected in the quality traffic measurement.2. you can analyze the cell coverage based on the drive test route and geographical condition. and troubleshoot the antenna system based on a fault symptom. the call establishment success rate and handover success rate are impacted. Antenna. and loose connector of antenna feeders.

If the impact is serious. disable the repeater. If repeater problems exist in a cell.2. In addition. If repeaters are installed. you should check whether other operators' repeaters are installed near the cell. the call drop rate increases. reduce the coefficient. check whether the type. operating frequency band and operating bandwidth (broadband or narrowband) of the repeaters impact the inter-RAT handover success rate. you can infer that the cell is configured with repeaters. The following table lists the traffic measurement counters related to repeaters. check whether the UL/DL magnifying coefficient is excessively high. the TA distribution varies greatly in the traffic measurement results.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual 3. If it is. If it is. the actual coverage area of the BTS may different from the planed coverage area. If this parameter is set to No.7 Checking the Repeaters in the Cells with Low Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate Check whether the parameter Directly Magnifier Site Flag is set to Yes in the data configuration on the LMT and whether the signaling channel handover is enabled. you should check whether a repeater is faulty and whether the uplink/downlink gain is set to a too great/small value. If this problem exists. If this parameter is set to Yes. Cause Repeater Cell Level None MR Measurement -> Number of MRs Based on TA TRX Level 2013-1-13 Page 19 of 23 . Thus.

and troubleshoot the 2G system based on the preceding check.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual 4 Test Methods The inter-RAT handover success rate can be obtained through the registration or reporting of the related traffic measurement counters. the inter-RAT handover may have cooperation problems. Because the 3G system belongs to different manufacturers. 2013-1-13 Page 20 of 23 . you need to adjust the relevant parameters of the 3G system. Thus.

It indicates that the preceding settings make us achieve expected objectives. and disabling the handover from the 2G cell to the 3G cell. 3. 6. we disable the handover from a 2G cell to a 3G cell: 4. 2. a 2G neighboring cell is selected preferentially in accordance with the handover strategy. That is. the handover from a 2G cell to a 3G cell is disabled. Then. and FDD Qmin. Set Inter-System Handover Enable to Yes.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual 5 5. Set Inter-RAT HO Preference in the UTRAN FDD handover datasheet to Preference for 2G Cell. because no 3G neighboring cell can meet so rigid RSCP and Ec/No thresholds in practice. Problem analysis and handling: Based on the preceding analysis. FDD Q Offset. -25 dBm. 2013-1-13 Page 21 of 23 . Set Qsearch C to 15. 5. that is. The parameters related to cell reselection contain Qsearch I. the GSM network and UMTS network coexist. thus ensuring the reselection from a 2G cell to a 3G cell. Setting the Ec/No threshold to 49 (maximum value) indicates that a 3G neighboring cell cannot become a candidate neighboring cell until its signal-to-noise ratio is greater than 0 dB. Then.1 Case 1: Data Configuration 1. A customer requires enabling the reselection from a 2G cell to a 3G cell. The preceding settings ensure the reselection from a 2G cell to a 3G cell. Set the relevant parameters in the parameter table that is displayed by choosing Call Control -> UTRAN System Message. and then import the datasheet to the BSC through the mass import function of the LMT. The specific value can be set as required and the operation is beyond the scope of this document. In this way. Optimization Cases Problem description: In a site. set the BSC-related parameters as follows: Make a 3G external neighboring cell datasheet. by viewing the outgoing handover traffic measurement from a GSM cell to a UMTS cell for a week. you can find that no handover request from a 2G cell to a cell 3G cell is initiated. which indicates that no 3G cell is searched in connection mode. Set the parameters in the 3G external neighboring table as follows: Min RSCP Threshold = 63 Min Ec/No Threshold = 49 RSCP Threshold for Layer Of 3G Cell = 63 Ec/No Threshold for Layer Of 3G Cell = 49 Setting the RSCP threshold to 63 (maximum value) indicates that a 3G neighboring cell cannot become a candidate neighboring cell until its receive level is greater than 63.

and the external LAC had been added. To check the data configuration of the BSC. Huawei BSC132 is mounted on the MSC102 of competitor E. resulting in high failure rate of Huawei inter-BSC handover. Problem analysis and handling: After communicating with M's optimization department. The network run normally and the network KPIs were stable. Enabling state of inter-RAT handover After confirmation between Huawei and engineers of competitors A and E. MSC version supported by the BSC 3. Through CN signaling trace. the inter-RAT interoperability problem occurs between two systems of three manufacturers. After location. Upon coordination. the inter-RAT handover was normal. first check the following aspects: 1. In addition. we suddenly found that the incoming BSC handover success rate of the BSC132 had decreased drastically from 97% to 40% during KPI statistics. Huawei OMC was required to trace signaling on the A interface and user plane at the same time. 2008.2 Case 2: Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate Decreasing Caused by Data Configuration Problem description: The operator M in S country had used Huawei 2G equipment for two years in Al kharj area. and drove from a 2G/3G co-sited cell to a 2G coverage area. In the test process. it was found that Huawei BSC did not respond to the handover request. but the UE receives no response until the call was dropped. After the parameter was set to Yes. 2013-1-13 Page 22 of 23 . Through analysis. As a result.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual 5. we find that the competitor A has deployed and powered on its 3G equipment in the area without informing Huawei in advance. the problem was concentrated on the setting of the inter system HO allowed parameter in the Modify BSC Interface Phase ID table. Encryption algorithm 2. Huawei equipment version in the existing network: BSC version: G3BSC32V300R002C13SP54 BTS version: BTS : GBT312G3BTS32V302R007C07B001 In the existing network. and the RNC16 of competitor A is mounted on the MSC104 of competitor E. we found that the 3G system adopted A5/1 algorithm. the current MSC version was R99. Finally. three manufacturers performed the first combined DT on March 20. On March 16. and the success rate of Huawei inter-BSC handover increases to the normal level. Configuration of the external LAC 4. we found that the problem was concentrated on data configuration. we found that the 3G UE sent a 2D event to the system and requested the handover when the RSCP was weak. the MSC104 received the handover complete message from the MSC102.

Incoming/outgoing inter-RAT handover measurement Check the causes of call drops.ant files Engineering parameter tables and e-maps Information Feedback If the call drop rate is high and technical support is required.GSM BSS Network KPI (Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate) Optimization Manual 6 Information Software version Data configuration table Alarm information Traffic measurement Signaling DT data Others Remarks Software versions of the BSC and BTS *. and transmission (self-check) Causes of inter-RAT handover failure RSL signaling tracing data *.CELL) files or *.log (*. 2013-1-13 Page 23 of 23 . Check whether such alarms are generated in the faulty cell. determine whether interference or coverage problems exist. Such alarms should be cleared. Check the network optimization parameters and power configuration. Based on the drive test data.dat files Alarm information related to hardware. fill in the following form: Purpose Check whether the software version is defective. Facilitate the checking of the geographical information by the NASTAR tool. clock.