# ST U D Y G U I D E F O R E X A M 3 M ASS-SPR I N G-D A M P E R M O D E LS, L A P L A C E 1. Suppose a 4-lb weight stretches a spring 6 inches beyond its natural length.

An external force equal to 1 cos 8t is acting on the spring. If the weight is started in 2 motion from its equilibrium position with an upward velocity of 4 ft/sec and there is no damping, set up a initial value problem whose solution will give an equation of the motion of the mass + spring.

2. (#9, Sec. 3.8) A mass of 20 g stretches a spring 5 cm. Suppose that the mass is also attached to a viscous damper with a damping constant of 400 dyne-sec/cm. If the mass is pulled down an additional 2 cm and then released, set up an initial value problem to model the motion of the mass + spring.

Review Guide for Exam 3, Page 1 of 6

3. Suppose the solution of a vibrating model (unforced) is u (t ) a) Describe the type of motion of the system.

2 cos 4t

2 sin 4t .

b) Put the solution in the amplitude-phase angle form.

c) Identify the period and (circular) frequency of the motion.

d) If the mass attached to the spring is 4 kilograms, what is the spring constant of the spring?

4. Classify the type of motion of each equation below. a) u(t ) b) u (t ) c) d)

c1e
c1 e

2t

cos 4t

c2 e
3t

2t

sin 4t _____________________________

3t

c 2 te

__________________________________ __________________________________
1 2

u (t )
u (t )

c1 e

3t

c2 e

2t

c1 cos 2t

c 2 sin 2t

sin 4t ______________________________

5. Suppose a mass-spring-damper system is modeled by u ' ' 9u ' 14u 1 2 sin t , u(0) = 0, .18e 2t .2e 7 t .03sin t .02 cos t , u (0) = 1. If the specific solution is u(t ) identify the steady-state portion of the solution and rewrite it in amplitude-phase angle form.

Review Guide for Exam 3, Page 2 of 6

6. a) Convert f (t ) sketch.

t 2(t 1)u1 (t ) (t 1)u 2 (t ) u3 (t ) to a piece-wise function and

b) Find L(f(t))

7. The current flow of a circuit can be modeled by the equation RI

dI V (t ) . If R = dt 2, L = 1, and V(t) = e 3t , use Laplace transforms to find the zero-state output of the circuit. L

Review Guide for Exam 3, Page 3 of 6

8. Use Laplace transforms to find the zero-state output of the mass-damper system modeled by u ' ' 2u ' u t 3 e t .

9. Find the Laplace or inverse Laplace transforms as indicated. a) L (3t cos 2t )

b) L (e 3t cos 2t )

c) L

1

s

3

2 2s 2

s

Review Guide for Exam 3, Page 4 of 6

9. continued
t

d) L
0

cos 2 d

e) L e

3t

t

cos 2 d
0

f) L e 3t u 2 (t )

g) L 1

1

1

s 2

s 4

Evaluate as a convolution.

h) L 1

s

2

s 4s 5

i) L 1

e s2

2s

4s 5

Review Guide for Exam 3, Page 5 of 6

10. Find the Laplace transform of the following periodic function.

Review Guide for Exam 3, Page 6 of 6