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Recommended daily intake of vitamins and minerals

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Recommended daily intake of vitamins and minerals
Humans need a certain daily intake of food supplements. This page summarizes recommended daily intakes by various health experts and agencies in order to provide an overview of recommended daily allowances of all vitamins and minerals. Table 1: Recommended daily intakes of various food supplements

Services Career at Lenntech International Internships Periodic table Calculators Visitors information Our partners Contact us Vitamin A Vitamin B1 (thiamin) Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) Vitamin B3 (niacin) Vitamin B5 (patothenic acid) 600 µg Vitamin A in food and as a supplement Extremely high doses (>9000 mg) can cause dry, scaly skin, fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite, bone and joint pains and headaches Folate (B-complex) 400 µg Biotin (B-complex) Vitamins Recommended daily intake Vitamins informational pages Over dosage (mg or µg/d)

30 µg

Biotin in food and as a No information found supplement Folate in food and as a Doses larger than 400 µg may cause anaemia and may mask symptoms of a vitamin B12 deficiency supplement

1,4 mg

Vitamin B1 in food and No toxic effects resulting from high doses have been observed as a supplement Vitamin B2 in food and Doses higher than 200 mg may cause urine colour alteration as a supplement Vitamin B3 in food and Doses larger than 150 mg may cause problems ranging from facial flushing to liver disease as a supplement Vitamin B5 in food and Dose should not exceed 1200 mg; this may cause nausea and as a supplement heartburn Vitamin B6 in food and Doses larger than 100 mg may cause numbness and tingling in hands and feet as a supplement Vitamin B12 in food and as a supplement Vitamin C in food and as a supplement Vitamin D in food and as a supplement Vitamin E in food and as a supplement Vitamin K in food and as a supplement

1,6 mg

18 mg

6 mg

Lenntech BV
Rotterdamseweg 402 M 2629 HH Delft The Netherlands tel: +31 15 261 09 00 fax: +31 15 261 62 89 e-mail: info@lenntech.com Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) Vitamin B12 (cobalamine) Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) Vitamin D (cholecalciferol) Vitamin E (tocopherol) 2 mg

6 µg

Doses larger than 3000 µg may cause eye conditions

75 mg

No impacts of over dose have been proven so far

5 µg

Large doses (>50 µg) obtained form food can cause eating problems and ultimately disorientation, coma and death Doses larger than 1000 mg cause blood clotting, which results in increased likelihood of haemorrhage in some individuals Large doses of one form of vitamin K (menadione or K3) may result in liver damage or anaemia

10 mg

Vitamin K

80 µg

Minerals Boron Calcium Chlorine Chromium Copper Fluorine Iodine Iron Magnesium Manganese Molybdenum Nickel Phosphorus Potassium Selenium Sodium Vanadium Zinc Notes

Recommended daily intake < 20 mg 1000 mg 3400 mg (in chloride form) 120 µg 2 mg 3,5 mg 150 µg 15 mg 350 mg 5 mg 75 µg < 1 mg 1000 mg 3500 mg 35 µg 2400 mg < 1,8 mg 15 mg

Over dosage No information found Doses larger than 1500 mg may cause stomach problems for sensitive individuals No information found Doses larger than 200 µg are toxic and may cause concentration problems and fainting As little as 10 mg of copper can have a toxic effect No information found No information found Doses larger than 20 mg may cause stomach upset, constipation and blackened stools Doses larger than 400 mg may cause stomach problems and diarrhoea Excess manganese may hinder iron adsorption Doses larger than 200 µg may cause kidney problems and copper deficiencies Products containing nickel may cause skin rash in case of allergies Contradiction: the FDA states that doses larger than 250 mg may cause stomach problems for sensitive individuals Large doses may cause stomach upsets, intestinal problems or heart rhythm disorder Doses larger than 200 µg can be toxic No information found No information found Doses larger than 25 mg may cause anaemia and copper deficiency

http://www.lenntech.com/recommended-daily-intake.htm

09-May-13

com/recommended-daily-intake. Examples of differences (WHO values to FDA values): Mg: -60 mg. Information on vitamins can be found from the vitamins overview page Information on vitamin content of fruits and vegetables is also available now Information on mineral content of fruits and vegetables is also available now Copyright © 1998-2012 Lenntech B.Most of these values are based on a 2000 calorie intake for people of 4 or more years of age. vitamin C: -15 mg.5 mg. these are mainly reference values for informational purposes.Values from the World Health Organization (WHO) may be somewhat lower than those of the FDA for various vitamins and minerals. BBC Health values.Recommended daily intake of vitamins and minerals Page 2 of 2 .lenntech. All values in this table are new RDI values. . copper.com | Tel. This group has the highest risk for excessive intake of calories and fat. . This reference is applied because it approximates the caloric requirements for postmenopausal women. The RDI is a renewed value referring to the old Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA).V | Email: info@lenntech.g. Vitamin B12: -4 µg. +31-15-2616289 http://www. the World Health Organization (WHO). selenium). chromium. Vitamin B6: -0. the European Union Directive (based on FDA values) and values from various other governmental and private agencies in the USA and the UK. .Elements that have a recommended daily intake within µg range are sometimes referred to as trace elements (e. .The above-stated values are not meant for diagnosis.Values on labels are stated Daily Reference values (DRV) of Recommended Daily Intake (RDI). folate: -220 µg. .htm 09-May-13 .Maximum values are based on Food and Drug Administration (FDA) values. +31 15 261 09 00 | Fax. Vitamin K: -35 mg.