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Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III





IPRI Factfile

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. Year-wise Summary of Human Losses in Terrorist Acts: 1 January 2001 to 17 January 2011 Rah-e-Rast Operation by Armed Forces: 26 April 2009– 1 July 2009 Rah-e-Nijat Operation by Armed Forces: 17 October 2009 Onward Casualties Suffered by Armed Forces: 2009-2010 2009: Year of Terrorism Pakistan Lost $35bn in Three Years in War on Terror New Dimensions of Counter-Terrorism Suicides Bombing and Dr Tahirul Qadri’s Fatwa Lessons from Lahore Taliban Increasingly Unpopular in Pakistan Taliban Distancing Themselves from al-Qaeda 332 Terror Hits Claimed 5,704 Lives Since 9/11 The Silent Surge U.S. Defends Legality of Killing with Drones Obama Moves to Delink Terrorism from Islam Kohat Killings Soft on Militancy Get the Militant Leadership The Rising Militancy Militancy: Realism Needed Terror in Lahore Terrorism and the Economy Search for Soul Provinces Back Efforts to Combat Terror A Good Anti-terrorism Move Terrorism and Religious Identities Quelling Terrorism Terrorist Attacks Quetta Attack Lakki Marwat Blast Deployment of More Drones Against Pakistan The Scourge of Terrorism

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Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III)


33. Attacking the Ghazi of Karachi 34. Drone Attacks May be Legal, But Are They Moral? 35. By Publicly Acknowledging the Price Pakistan Pays for its Counterterrorism Policy, the U.S. is Helping Untie its

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Leadership’s Hands
36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. A Year of Sub-sectarian Massacre Swabi Attack U.S. Double-dealing U.S. Seeks to Expand Drone Operations Government Firm in Eliminating Menace of Terrorism: Prime Minister Terror Group Forms Suicidal Gang Afghans Involved in Terrorist Activities: Minister of Interior Pak-Afghan Joint Declaration: Accord to Knock Out Militant Sanctuaries U.S.-Pakistan Secret Efforts to Defeat al-Qaeda: Petraeus 85 National Assembly Body Condemns Drone Attacks No Taliban or Quetta Shura in Balochistan: FCIG Prime Minister Calls for Joint Strategy to Combat Terrorism Drone Attacks in Pakistan Pakistan Army’s Contributions in Fight Against Terrorism 103

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IPRI Publications


adjacent to Afghanistan. Washington. The solution to the problem lies in the age-old system of jirga (assembly of elders) and securing cooperation of all immediate neighbours of Afghanistan (i. The Talibans were defeated but could not be eliminated.-led invasion in Afghanistan commenced in 2001. The cumulative economic impact runs into billions of dollars. China. making a total of 8785.S. Since Pakistan is supporting the war against the militants/terrorists in Afghanistan. These terrorists are a source of the numerous acts of violence and terrorism that plague the whole country. Afghanistan has been in a state of war and Pakistan has had to accommodate millions of refugees entering the country since 1978. Crowley. Turkmenistan. Tajikistan.1 Citing a study. No country in the world even comes close to that. America and Future of Global Jihad in the Brookings Institution. and the adjoining settled areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. the economy is sliding downward. the much-needed foreign investment is not forthcoming and the development of the country is being adversely affected.113 terrorist attacks in Pakistan last year [2010]. 1 2 Frontier Post (Peshawar) on line. Iran. Bruce Riedel introducing his book Deadly Embrace: Pakistan. Asst Secretary of State. Pakistan. During the past more than three decades (1978-2010). While the terrorist activities are on the rise.”2 Soon after the tragedy of September 11. 2010. Almost 3000 people died and 6000 were wounded. Pakistan is likely to continue to suffer as long as there is no peace in Afghanistan.e. There is a perception that the tribal insurgency could drag on for an indefinite period. their number had risen to about six million but even at present this is not less than 2.672 civilians killed. .S. the insurgency in that country has spilled over into Pakistan’s FATA. Bruce Riedal of Brookings Institution said “There were 2. in the war against terror. 2001. besides 21. Pakistan allied itself with the U.S. comprising 43 nations. told the audience in his daily briefing that “There is no country that has suffered more significantly from terrorism than Pakistan itself”. The U. and Uzbekistan) as well as the U.. January 12. The fight against militants/terrorists has so far cost Pakistan 2273 soldiers of the Army killed and 6512 injured. Their resistance transformed into an insurgency and an armed struggle against the foreign forces and their local supporters.S. U.S. on January 18. Russia and NATO to resolve the Afghanistan imbroglio. In the beginning. have suffered only 1582 casualties..5 million. 2011. and NATO.4 IPRI Factfile P REFACE Philip J. As against them the U.

Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 5 The IPRI Factfile includes selected articles appearing in the print media from December 2009 till December 2010. 2011. Noor-ul-Haq . and relevant data depicting terrorist activities causing losses in men and material to the people of Pakistan. January 19.


Than came the elections in Feb 2008 and provincial government decided to have a peace agreement in April 2008. Crisis Management Cell RAH-E-RAST O PERATION B Y A RMED F ORCE 26 A PRIL 2009 – 1J ULY 2009 A SUMMARY After the complete break down of law and order in the Swat Valley. They started establishing check posts. the . anyone opposing was killed brutally and they coerced the population to an extent that they started accepting them as their masters. They resorted to kidnapping of civilians. kept hitting military convoys. asking for ransom. This time under the influence of terrorists. Army was called in aid of civil power to clear the valley of terrorists.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 1 Y EAR -W ISE S UMMARY OF H UMAN L OSSES IN T ERRORIST A CTS IN P AKISTAN 1 J ANUARY 2001 TO 17 J ANUARY 2011 S. Realizing the gravity of the situation government once again ordered Army to launch an operation. where followers of Fazal ullah had murdered most of the policemen and had taken over police stations. Army conducted Swat operation in Swat Valley in Nov 2007 and cleared the valley in five weeks.No Year No. the terrorists never honoured the agreement and in the garb of peace agreement kept expanding their influence. of *Incidents 110 56 88 159 113 1444 1820 1575 1946 2061 54 9426 Killed LEAs Civilians 13 41 32 70 11 18 24 52 9 19 267 502 575 1677 541 2248 706 1674 502 1453 24 16 2704 7770 Injured LEAs Civilians 72 224 110 201 46 106 152 260 32 81 645 982 1462 2065 1434 3665 1832 5544 1383 3965 46 33 7214 17126 1 2001 2 2002 3 2003 4 2004 5 2005 6 2006 7 2007 8 2008 9 2009 10 2010 11 2011 Total: Source: Government of Pakistan. govt and private buildings. Ministry of Interior. started recruiting young boys of Swat and surrounding areas in different areas in training camps of varying sizes. However.

As a result yet another peace agreement with the pledge of enactment of Nizam-e-Adal was signed. with militants entrenched in built up areas. Conduct of Operation The plan to clear Malakand Division of terrorists was based on the assumption that “Failure is not an Option”. b. The military operation had become unpopular. rather they were using it as a slogan/rhetoric to achieve their nefarious designs. Incident Kidnapping incident Security Forces Personnel Killed/Wounded Suicide Attacks IEDs Attacks Ambush military convoys Fire Raids Schools damaged Police Stations destroyed Grid Stations destroyed Banks Looted Remarks 55 (Individuals abducted are more than 100) 30 (Injured 44) 4 8 7 30 2 1 1 6 Their intentions got crystallized when militants in total negation of peace agreement moved into Buner and Shangla. c. comprehensive and all encompassing with an end strategy. The success of this operation lived on two cardinal principles. The support of . rearmed and had increased their area of influence in other parts of Swat and Malakand. multipronged. f. Moreover during this period the terrorists had reorganized. At this stage the government desired to hold the operation to avoid further damage and go for reconciliation process through TNSM to give Nizam-e-Adal which was long standing demand of the people. regrouped. The operation had to be swift. effective. The operation claimed lot of destruction. d.2 IPRI Factfile civilian population did not cooperate. g. h. The real face of militants got exposed and not only the people of Swat but whole nation gelled together in demanding elimination of terrorists from Malakand Division through a complete comprehensive and decisive operation. The following statistics of their terrorist activities after the signing of peace agreement clearly shows their lack of sincerity to the Nizam-e-Adal/ peace agreement:S/No a. e. k. death and displacement of innocent citizens. It was soon realized that militants were not interested in Nizam-e-Adal. damage. j.

The innocent population had to be protected even at the cost of compromising operational necessities and built up areas had to be cleansed and not bombed. killing over 100 militants including important militant commander Qari Shahid. Iftikhar r/o Sharlara f. Intense clashes took place. the headquarters of Buner District. following important militant commanders were killed/arrested:a. During this operation. Meanwhile the ground forces advanced on two axis. Malandri axis and Ambella axis to link up with forces of Daggar. Qadir r/o Kumbar b. Frontier Corps launched the operation Tandar-1 in Islampura-Lal Qila Maidan Areas in lower Dir. Later by 6th May operation was launched to secure Sultanwas. Misbah ud Din r/o Buner j. With these limitations and objectives the operation was launched on 26 April 2009. Ghulam Khaliq r/o Buner Killed Killed Killed Killed Killed Killed Killed Killed Killed Killed .Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 3 public and prevent the escape of terrorists to other areas. Lal Qila was finally secured and thereafter search and cordon operations in adjoining areas continued and to date they are being conducted. After an intense engagement for over 9 days Sultanwas was finally secured on 15 May 2009. During Operation Tander two (Buner) 305 terrorists were killed and 102 apprehended while Security Forces suffered 34 casualties and 127 were wounded. Bakht Buland r/o shagai g. Operation Tandar -1 On the request of provincial govt and people of Dir. At Ambella pass security forces confronted 13 suicide vehicles. Finally the forces operating in Buner established link up with forces operating in Swat at Jambil and on 1st July 2009 secured Dewana Baba route leaving Buner with Shangla. Sultan Khan r/o Drushkhela k. Yousef r/o Dabuna e. Abu Saeed r/o Buner h. Aftab r/o Dabuna d. Op Tandar –II Early morning on 29 April heliborne forces of Frontier Corps successfully landed at Daggar and surrounding areas and secured Daggar. Noor Hameed r/o Kokoi Banda c. Finally linkage with troops at Daggar was established. 2 suicide motorcyclists and 4 individual suiciders and a group of 100 militants on mountain top. Later Pir Baba was cleared and and the important Karakar pass which links Buner with Swat was secured on June 13.

Salim r/o Ambela Sherzada r/o Ambela Shah Sultan r/o Charbagh Abdullah r/o Hayasarai Hameed r/o Mera Shah Miraj r/o Bar Maian Mula Khan r/o Khawazakhela - Killed Killed Killed Killed Apprehended Apprehended Apprehended Operation Rah-e-Raast -The Battle of Swat In sync with operation at Buner Security forces launched an operation in Shangla district on 6 May and secured Ramtallai Sar where Security forces discovered 166 dead bodies. q. • • • • . in a surprise action Special Services Group landed at the heights surrounding Peochar the headquarters of Fazal Ullah and the main training centre. main headquarters of militants in Loe Namal and Matta was completely destroyed on the same day security forces launched an Op at Gulabad and secured Chakdara and pt 2245 and pt 2266 in Loe Sar were also captured. By 16 May 09. Op Rah e Rast entered into a new phase. Meanwhile terrorists who were targeting security forces from Emrald Mines were targeted where 35 terrorists were killed. At the same time Mam Dhairi was targeted. m. IEDS and bomb making factories and number of tunnels. area from Shangla towards Khawazkela was secured and Biadra Markaz the strong hold of terrorists on Matta Durshkhela road was destroyed. Security forces entered the town of Matta from East and from West were able to secure area between Bilogram to Takhtaband and Kanju. The capture of this strategic location having tunnels and extensive training facilities gave a severe below to the resistance of terrorists in the area. By 17 May 09. • By 9th May 09. o. On 12 May 09.4 IPRI Factfile l. 150 feet long and 12 to 15 ft wide. At this stage terrorists were being engaged from four directions i. security forces after clearing Barikot secured the area upto Bilgram 6 kms short of Mingora. From ridge to ridge security forces cleaned the area after intense engagement at every step and finally secured Peochar valley by 20th June. At the same time forces secured Chamtaliai and Khwazakhela. n. killing 15 miscreants. North.e West. r. Here security forces came across tough resistance and discovered elaborate training facilities. p. which was believed to be unreachable and unconquerable. By 14th May 09. East and South.

a swift operation was launched and cleared in next 36 hours. Security forces turned on Buner axis and secured Najigram. The terrorists trapped from three directions suffered heavily and a number of suicide attempts and IEDs were foiled/destroyed. and Communication equipment were recovered from different areas. on report of presence of terrorists at Malam Jabba. Mingora was fully secured. On 27 May 09. On 15 June 09. On 1st June 09. On 27 May 09. operation to secure Charbagh was launched alongwith a link up operation to link Kabbal with Sirsanai. Aligrama was secured and huge cache of arms and ammunition was recovered from the area. By 31st May 09. security forces secured Sakhra Valley. By 12 June 09. Parallel to this a strategic bridge of utmost importance Wanai Bridge linking Matta with Peochar was successfully secured. On 24 May 09. it was secured in two days and operations towards Kalam and Gulibagh commenced simultaneously. Same day operation from Kanju to secure Kabbal the main stronghold of militants was launched and Fizaghat and Qambar Village were secured. Malam Jabba located on main line of communication connects Swat Valley with Mansehra was being used as a training centre and logistic base by terrorists. After securing Mingora. security forces secured Chuprial after intense engagements. By 12 June 09. the main route of terrorists moving from Peochar towards Kalam and other areas. Over 150 IEDs were destroyed and a number of terrorists killed and apprehended. The capture of this strategic location having tunnels and extensive training facilities gave a severe blow to the resistance of terrorists in the area. . At the same time the local Lashkar surrounded 4 villages of terrorists in Upper Dir killing 20 of them. Here a comprehensive training center with a tunnel 150 feet long and 12 feet wide was discovered after eliminating 40 terrorists. Ammunition.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 5 • • • • • • • • • • By 21 May 09. By 5 June 09. to establish link up with forces operating at Buner. Huge cache of Arms. security forces entered Bahrain where they were welcomed by locals with National flags in their hands. security forces entered Mingora city and link up operations from different sides commenced. security forces cleared area upto Chakesar Valley and in other areas Cordon and search operation at a fast pace were conducted. Banai Baba Ziarat the highest point in the area and a main terrorists training centre was captured after intense battle.

By Ist Jul 09. During this operation security forces recovered lot of IEDs. by the grace of Almighty Allah security forces completed the securing of Malakand and Swat over an area of 5373 sq kms. By 26th June Shamozai was fully secured. Arms. Peochar valley was fully secured and link up of forces operating in Peochar and Chaprial was established in an area south of Biha valley. Ammunition big and small tunnels and prepared vehicles for suicide missions and this time Civil Administration became fully functional in Shangla district and IDPs of Kalam started moving back. through an intense. . By 1st July 09. the culminating operations to clear Shamozai in the west and Biha Valley in the north commenced. the final operation.6 IPRI Factfile • • • • • By 16 June 09. Op Shah Dheri was launched from two direction from north Samai Killile was secured and from the east forces secured Bhoka and Yakh Tangai Sar. Date April 2009 May 2009 June 2009 Total Own Cas Shaheed Wounded 1 82 61 144 4 246 167 417 Terrorists Cas Killed Wounded / Apprehended 74 0 1152 79 373 144 1599 223 Agency wise details of incidents for the year 2009:Agency Suicide IED Rkt/SAs Ambush Abduction Phy Expl Attk Dir 2 10 11 0 11 0 1 Swat 5 39 144 17 52 3 5 Total 7 49 155 17 63 3 6 Source: official data. courageous and bold operations in an inhospitable environment and against an enemy with no face. On 24 June 09. On 30 June 09. Shah Dheri was fully secured alongwith vital link up operation in the south with District of Buner. The casualty state below bears ample testimony to the courage/valour and sacrifice of security forces.

On the same date Shishamwam was also fully secured. On the same day security forces made an envelopment manoeuvre around town of Kotkai.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 7 R AH . On 24th October Security Forces took complete control of important stronghold of TTP. (c) After gaining control of Kotkai. . (b) On 27th October Security Forces cleared Village Zeriwam and dominating hill features along east and west ridges on main Axis Jandola-Sararogha. the Headquarters of Commander Baitullah Mehsud Group. the roads leading to Inzar Kalle and Sararogha on 26th October. the town of Kotkai. a. To curb the menace of terrorism in South Waziristan Agency. the native place of terrorists leader Hakim Ullah Mehsud and Qari Hussain. (b) On 19th October Security Forces secured Tor Ghundai feature and Shishamwam. the forces moved towards Sararogha. nd (2) 2 Week (a) After intense engagements. Security Forces secured the significant mountain top of Tarkona on 25th October. This important height is behind Kotkai village thereby seiging Kotkai village from the east.E -N IJAT O PERATION B Y A RMED F ORCE 17 O CTOBER 2009 ONWARD A S UMMARY 1. Moving forward of Kotkai Important Road Y Junction was secured at Kazhakas. (c) On 23rd October Security Forces secured important feature of Shishamwam. Security Forces also progressed well on JandolaSararogha axis securing important ridges. Kund and Tarakai feature was secured by Security Forces on 18th October.The Operation was started on three Axes. The town fell on 6 November amidst heavy losses suffered by the militant. The dominating ridges around main road and village Ganra Kas and Konar heights were also secured. Operation Rah-e-Nijat commenced on 17th October 2009. Jandola-Sararogha Axis (1) Ist Week (a) On Jandola-Sararogha Axis area upto Mandana.

(c) In anticipation of stiff resistance from militants in Kaniguram. nd (2) 2 Week (a) Security Forces also cleared area along road Sherwangi-Ladha Axis uptill road track junction. (d) Security Forces secured Chalwasti village on main Shakai-Kaniguram-Ladha axis on 23rd October. On Razmak-Makeen Sector security forces had cleared Makeen. Shakai-Ladha Axis (1 Ist Week (a) On Shakai-Ladha Axis Boya Narai and Wuzi Sar were captured on 18th October. The important heights surrounding Sherwangi were secured and terrorists had vacated their positions leaving behind arms and ammunitions.8 IPRI Factfile (3) 3rd Week (a) Forces after consolidating their positions in Sararogha and adjoining areas followed by mopping up operations advanced towards Ahmed Wam which was secured on 13 November. It was followed by the fall of Barora Niazi on 23 November and Mir Khoni on 25 November. the SSG captured all the strategic heights of Karwan . (c) On 20th October Security Forces further consolidated their positions at Sherwangi. On 21st October security Forces cleared Khaisura Village linking up with Tiarza Fort. (e) On Shakai-Kaniguram Sector. another strongholds of the militants. b. (d) To date the most important phase of operation is in good progress. While extending perimeters of security in North of Sherwangi security Forces also secured area of Gurgura Sar. (c) Forces captured Janata on 17 November and recovered huge cache of arms and ammunition. (b) Till 28th of October security forces had achieved substantial success on all three axes. On Jandola-Sararogha Sector the important stronghold of Sararogha has been cleared. Karma the stronghold of Uzbeks has been cleared alongwith Kaniguram. A huge cache of arms and ammunition was recovered. (b) Sherwangi was also secured on 19th October. (b) Torman fell to the troops on 13 November.

the chief commander of Taliban chapter of South Waziristan. The capture of these dominating heights resulted in the fall of Kaniguram. which overlooks Kaniguram. the home town of commander Wali-ur-Rehman. (c) The forces captured the strategic located feature of Kund Mela on 1 December and destroyed large numbers of IEDs which were planted on various tracks. (c) On 29th October after fully securing Sharakai Sar security forces successfully moved forward and secured . Razmak-Makeen Axis (1) Ist Week (a) On Razmak-Makeen Axis important features and tactical heights were secured on 18th October. However they responded quickly by killing nearly dozens militants and completely sanitized the area till the heights overlooking Makeen. another important town and home town of militant commander Shamin. (b) The strategically located dry Nullah of Kot Langer Khel was captured on 13 November but forces suffered heavy losses as the militant ambushed the convoy of the security forces with IEDs and small arms. (3) 3rd Week (a) After consolidating positions in Kaniguram. Manza. Forces also regained control of old FC Post. These heights dominate Road Nawazkot-Makeen and area all around. (b) On 27th October security forces surrounded Nawazkot and dominated the important ridges ahead of Nawazkot. (b) Meanwhile Security Forces consolidated their positions at Razmak and effectively blocked the roads leading from Makeen. in which the militant suffered heavy casualties and left behind huge cache of arms and ammunition. The town witnessed fierce fighting and eventually it fell on 17 November.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 9 c. forces moved towards Ladha. nd (2) 2 Week (a) Security Forces also secured Shagha feature and Sharakai Sar in Nawazkot area. Asman Manza on 2 November followed by steadily advances towards Karama.

while Makeen Laghad was secured on 30 November and now troops are gradually moving towards Ladha.10 IPRI Factfile Pakalita and Manza Sar along main axis RazmakMakeen. C ASUALTIES S UFFERED BY A RMED F ORCE 2009-2010 A S UMMARY Casualty State: Operation Rah-e-Rast: 27-4-2009 to 24-6-2009 Date Total Own Shaheed Wounded Killed 193* 658** 1537 * Including 14 Officers) ** Including 36 Officers) Terrorists Arrested 1717 Injured 818 Surrendered 0 . Marobi Rogha captured on 24 November. Important heights of Dralima and Ahnei Kalle were secured on 30th October. (d) The forces after overcoming resistance moved towards China which fell on 2 November and thus exposed Makeen. where the militants have blocked their advances by occupying the ridges overlooking Makeen. (3) 3rd Week (a) Nawaz Kot was cleared on 21 November. Casualty state is as under: CASUALTY STATE OPERATION RAH-E-NIJAT Date October November December Total Own Shaheed Wounded 34 103 35 69 1 2 70 174 Terrorists Injured Arrested 0 6 0 19 0 26 0 51 Killed 322 266 1 589 Surrendered 0 0 0 0 Source: Official data. (b) The important stronghold of Kaniguram was surrounded from three directions and forces had made good progress on Jandola-Sararogha Axis along with securing important heights in Nawazkot area on Razmak-Makeen Axes.

Operation Rahe-Rast against pro-Taliban groups displaced hundreds of thousands of people in April and May 2009. In NWFP. and this time the war is not at its borders with an enemy country. and Punjab with violence between militants and government security forces as well as terrorist activities against innocent civilians. The operation wrapped up on July 7. the causes of the conflicts vary in different regions. This war has plagued Pakistan's provinces of North West Frontier Province (NWFP) [Khyber Pakhtunkhwa].600 . the nature of these violent incidents and terrorist attacks seem similar all over the country. This war is with its own people and within its own territory. Though. Balochistan. 2009 with 1. Some call it America’s war whereas the government and the army call it ‘Pakistan’s own war’.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 11 Casualty State Operation Rah-e-Nijat: 17-10-2009 to 8-2-2010 Date Total Own Shaheed Wounded 1 11 Terrorists Arrested 210 Killed 7 Injured 1 Surrendered 0 Casualty State: 2001 to 14 January 2011 Dated 2001 onward Shaheed 2675 Army/FC Wounded 8317 Casualty State-FATA 2009-2010 Date 2009-2010 Civilians Wounded 4266 Shaheed 2060 Casualty State during Suicide Bombing/Attacks All Over the Country Civilians Wounded 7638 Shaheed 2815 Source: Official Data 2009 – Y EAR OF T ERRORISM Pakistan is at war. the worst hit province in terms of terrorism.

and leader of Jammat Ahl-e-Sunnat Wal Jamaat Noorani. including suicide attacks. Lahore and Paradeline mosque. didn’t remain safe from the terror wave and 28 people were killed in 10 terrorist attacks. Around 87 such incidents took place in the province. hand grenade attacks. Not only displacement. The worst terrorist incidents were suicide attacks at Moon Market. Some of the important incidents include suicide attack at UN World Food Program (WFP) office and suicide attack at International Islamic University. At least 53 people were killed in 17 terrorist activities. Analysts say Afghan Taliban groups are also using Baluchistan as a base. the capital of Pakistan. Rawalpindi.. More than 85 people were killed in the two attacks. Islamabad. Following is a time line of major terrorist attacks in all four provinces of the country. In Punjab. Majority of these incidents were target killings or shooting incidents. Most of the 37 terrorist acts reported from the province were incidents of sectarian violence. During the operation. around 300. just 3 days before the new year. . which apparently had sectarian motives behind them. including 228 security officials of different organizations and grades. Karachi on December 28. Those killed include 3 academicians..Rehman Baba . tribal militants are engaged in a long-running. including 11 security officials. Pakistan's largest and poorest province. Violence erupted in Sindh after suicide attack on Ashura procession at M A Jinnah Road. were killed in attacks during the year. residents of the province also bear the brunt of the terrorist attacks in the country. At least 824 people. Balochistan Chief Mines Inspector. The province remained relatively safe during the year.000 people of Swat took refuge in camps or with relatives. with suicide and armed attacks on troops and the country's main cities. Some of the militant violence has spilled into other parts of Pakistan. Balochistan Education Minister. 315 people were killed in 20 terrorist attacks. Vice President of Jamhoori Watan Party. A letter delivered to the management of the mausoleum three days before the attack had warned against its promotion of ‘shrine culture’. Around 66 people. In Balochistan. Chairman of Hazara Democratic Party. low-level insurgency to gain greater control of the region's natural resources and political power. leader of Fiqah Jafria. Islamabad. Those killed include 62 security officials. rocket and mortar attacks and blasts with remote control devices.12 IPRI Factfile extremists killed and 158 soldiers the Akhund Baba graveyard of Peshawar to discourage ‘shrine culture’ shocked the nation. 1 cardiologist. were killed in the terrorist attacks. Attack on shrine of a 17th century Sufi poet .

religious scholar Pir Hafiz Rafeeullah. January 17: In the first incident of its kind in Peshawar. February 20: At least 32 persons were killed and 145 others injured when a suicide bomber exploded himself in the funeral procession of a slain employee of the Tehsil Municipal Administration near the busy Shubra Square in Dera Ismail Khan. February 5: A suicide attacker detonated an explosive-laden car near a police station in the Mingora town of Swat District. was killed and 7 others were injured in a remote-controlled bomb blast in Momin Town in Peshawar. January 23: Two SF personnel were killed in a car suicide attack near Mingora town in the Swat District of NWFP.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 13 Terrorist Attacks in NWFP • January 4: A suicide bomber was killed while two people sustained injuries near a check-post in Officers’ Colony in Bannu. including 4 policemen. February 3: One man was killed and 18 others injured in a hand grenade attack on a Sunni mosque at Mohallah Joginwala in Dera Ismail Khan district. January 4: Ten persons. February 9: At least 18 FC personnel were injured in amini-truck suicide attack on the Baran Pul check-post of the Frontier Reserve Police (FRP) in the jurisdiction of Bakkakhel police station in Bannu District. January 20: Four policemen and 4 civilians were injured when a police patrol van was hit by a roadside bomb on Ring Road in the Hazarkhwani area of Peshawar. went off on a busy main road. a Member of Provincial Assembly from the ruling Awami National Party (ANP). February 17: Five people were killed and 17 injured in a car bomb blast outside the Hujra (male guest house) of the union council chief in Bazidkhel village of Peshawar. February 11: Alamzeb Khan. The suicide bomber blew himself up in an attempt to target a check-post but could not succeed as the bomb exploded before he could reach his target. was reportedly slaughtered and his decapitated body was found in the Matani area of the capital on the morning of January 17. January 26: At least 5 people have been killed and several wounded in a bomb blast in Dera Ismail Khan. The bomb. who was kidnapped on January 16. were killed and 27 others injured in two bomb blasts near the Polytechnic College in Dera Ismail Khan. injuring a dozen officers and destroying part of the building. attached to a bicycle. • • • • • • • • • • • .

grenade attack and suicide blast. A letter delivered three days before the attack to the management of the mausoleum had warned against its promotion of ‘shrine culture’.14 IPRI Factfile • • • • • • • • • • February 23: A police guard was killed when he flung himself onto a suicide bomber to prevent him from entering a compound in Bannu. two Frontier Corps personnel and a civilian. including a young girl. March 5: One person was killed and 19 others sustained injuries when a hand-grenade hurled by unidentified miscreants at worshippers exploded in Ameer Hamza mosque in Dera Ismail Khan. The attacker was trying to enter the compound. March 18: Five people including three policemen were killed and four injured when over 100 unidentified armed men attacked a police vehicle at the entrance of the University of Malakand at Chakdara in Lower Dir District. April 5: Police found bullet-riddled bodies of four local aid workers.Rehman Baba . where judges and senior police officials live and work. were killed in a remote-controlled car bombing at Mashugagr village in Peshawar. March 7: Eight persons. including three women. Some villagers also sustained minor injuries. March 11: The NWFP Senior Minister and Awami National Party leader Bashir Ahmad Bilour survived an assassination attempt that left six the Akhund Baba graveyard of Peshawar. April 18: At least 27 SF personnel were killed and 55 others injured in a suicide attack on a security check post in the Doaba area of Hangu District. March 5: Suspected Taliban militants blew an ancient shrine of a 17th century Sufi poet . March 30: Seven persons. when the guard intercepted him. . Four persons. including two suspected suicide attackers. were killed and five others injured when a suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden vehicle into the Harichand Police Post in Charsadda District. Two other police guards were wounded in the attack. were wounded in the firing. April 15: At least 18 persons. in Shinkiari area of Mansehra District. including five policemen. dead in Namak Mandi in Peshawar. including 5 Army soldiers. were killed and 9 others sustained injuries when a suicide bomber rammed his explosive-laden car into a military convoy near a filling station on the Bannu-Miranshah Road. including nine policemen.

May 28: A policeman and 2 passers-by were killed and 13 people wounded when a suicide attacker exploded an auto-rickshaw near a police checkpoint in Dera Ismail Khan. May 22: At least 10 people were killed and 65 others were injured when a powerful car bomb exploded near the Tasveer Mahal Cinema hall in the busy Kabuli Chowk area.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 15 • • • • • • • • • • • • • April 26: 12 children were killed after playing with a bomb that resembled a football. Peshawar. At least 33 people were injured. . Dozens more were injured in the blast just before Friday congregation in the Hayagay Sharqi village. The children died after the toy-like-bomb exploded in Lower Dir District. including two women and two children. were killed and 48 others sustained injuries when an explosives-laden car rammed into a pick-up near a check-post on the Bara road near Peshawar. May 16: Two handicapped children and 2 of their teachers were among 11 people killed in a car bomb blast at congested City Circular Road. Both leaders of banned outfits were also killed in the attack. sustained minor injuries when a low-intensity explosive device went off in a busy market in Peshawar. June 5: A suicide bomber killed 49 worshippers. May 28: Three policemen were killed and 9 others injured in a suicide attack on a police vehicle at the Sra Khawra security post on the Kohat road in the jurisdiction of Matani Police station on the outskirts of Peshawar. including 2 children and a Frontier Corps soldier. May 1: The ISPR spokesman Major General Athar Abbas said two Frontier Corps personnel were killed when a suicide bomber blew up a booby-trapped house in the Buner District. including 12 children. May 4: A suicide car bomber killed 4 SF personnel and wounded 8 persons in the outskirts of Peshawar. the NWFP capital. at a mosque in a remote village of the Dir Upper District. May 11: At least 10 people died and 27 were injured as a suicide bomber blew up his explosives-laden vehicle near a Frontier Corps check post in the outskirts of Darra Adam Khel. May 16: Six people. June 9: A massive truck suicide attack at the five-star Pearl Continental hotel in Peshawar killed 17 persons and injured 60 others. June 7: One non-commissioned officer was killed and five others were injured in an attack on security forces' convoy transporting TNSM deputy chief Maulana Alam and spokesman Amir Izaat to Peshawar. May 5: Seven people.

including an officer. including 3 policemen. July 15: Two children were injured in a rocket attack. July 9: A Peshawar Electric Supply Company (PESCO) employee was killed and three injured when Taliban militants blew up an electricity pylon using a remote-controlled device in Merra Suraizai Payan village on the outskirts of the provincial capital Peshawar. June 11: NWFP Minister for Prisons Mian Nisar Gul Kakakhel was seriously injured and his two guards were killed when his convoy was ambushed by suspected militants in Darra Adam Khel. sustained injuries in a hand grenade-cum-suicide attack on a police party in the Lateefabad area on Ring Road in Peshawar. June 12: Five worshippers were killed and 105 others sustained injuries when a suicide bomber rammed his explosives-laden van into a mosque during the Friday prayers in the Cantonment area of Nowshera. August 2: In the southern Mashogagar village. Two soldiers were among the four persons killed on the spot while most of the 105 wounded were reportedly Army personnel. and placed three kilograms of explosives with his body to trigger it with a remote control device in the hope that . July 2: Two policemen were killed and an equal number of people sustained injuries when Taliban targeted a police vehicle with a remote-controlled device in Peshawar. June 14: Nine people were killed and over 40 injured when a powerful explosion ripped through a busy market in Dera Ismail Khan. June 24: Three policemen. including an official of the UNHCR. sustained injuries when a suicide bomber rammed his explosive-laden vehicle into the Thakot Police check-post in Battagram District. were killed and another injured when suspected Taliban militants attempted to abduct UN officials at the Katcha Ghari Refugee Camp in Nasir Bagh. June 22: Two policemen were killed and 7 people. injuring a 13-year-old girl and a 15-year-old boy. who had been abducted on June 29. terrorists killed a prayer leader Qari Roohul Amin of Sulemankhel. Taliban militants fired three rockets from an unidentified location into the city at about 12:30pm. and one of them hit a house in Sethi Town. were killed when some miscreants fired rockets and mortar shells at the Arbab Tapu check-post in the jurisdiction of Matani Police Station. July 15: Two people. including 9 policemen. July 20: Suspected militants of the Mangal Bagh group killed four policemen in an ambush on the outskirts of Peshawar.16 IPRI Factfile • • • • • • • • • • • • June 11: A man was killed and 13 others.

The blast occurred in sector N-I Phase IV of the area near the Hayatabad Medical Complex (HMC). who had come from the US and was kidnapped on his way from Peshawar airport to his village Dabori in Kohat District. Mobin Afridi. Kabir Hussain. August 16: A soldier was killed and three others sustained injuries in a suicide attack near a SFs checkpoint in the Swat District. Officials of the bomb disposal squad. were killed when a suicide bomber rammed his explosives-laden vehicle into a car at Bannu. September 12: Two policemen were injured in a suicide blast near Doaba Police Station in the Hangu District. August 22: Two persons were killed and three others injured in a suicide blast in Hayatabad area. September 26: Two suicide attackers separately rammed their explosives-laden vehicles into a Police station in Bannu and a military-owned commercial bank in Peshawar cantonment area. killing at least 27 people and injuring around another 200. August 17: Seven people were killed and eight others injured when a bomb placed in a vehicle exploded at a filling station in the Shabqadar area in Charsadda. defused the explosives without any damage. A squad of the Paharipura Police Station was ambushed by unknown gunmen in Islamabad town of Peshawar around 2:30 am while patrolling the streets. September 18: At least 33 people were killed and more than 50 injured in a suicide car blast in Kohat District.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 17 • • • • • • • • • • • • • policemen would come close to it. . August 10: Militants fired rockets at a paramilitary checkpoint in Peshawar. September 28: At least four persons. August 18: Suspected militants beheaded a man kidnapped from the Matani area on August 12. The pre-dawn rocket attack targeted a Frontier Corps base in the city's Hayatabad neighborhood. killing two civilians. in the Momin Town area of Peshawar August 30: At least 16 police recruits were killed and 11 others sustained injuries after a suicide bomber detonated explosives strapped to his body at the Mingora Police Station. however. including a prominent antiTaliban cleric. August 23: Three persons were killed and 15 others sustained injuries in a powerful suicide blast close to the house of the slain AI spokesman. September 4: Suspected militants shot dead two FC troopers in Nasir Bagh suburbs of Peshawar early in the morning while they were patrolling the area. August 2: Militants shot dead two policemen in Paharipura.

were wounded when a powerful bomb exploded in a three-storey building in the officers’ colony of provincial capital Peshawar. were killed and 45 others were injured in a suicide attack on a military convoy in the Alpuri area of Shangla District. a minor girl and a boy sustained injuries when a rocket hit a house in Miskeenabad under the jurisdiction of Bhanamari Police Station. identified as Hamza. The bomb was planted in a car. Thirty two people were killed and 80 were injured in the incident. including two policemen. November 10: Suicide car bomb blast at Farooq-e-Azam Chowk. . including 3 policemen. October 15: At least 11 persons. October 23: At least 15 people were injured in a bombing outside a restaurant in the Hayatabad area. November 8: At least 18 people. including a woman and seven children. November 12: Syed Abul Hassan Jaffry. were killed and 22 others sustained injuries when a suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden vehicle into the building of the Saddar Police Station located in the military area of Kohat. Peshawar at around 2 am. October 15: An eight-year-old boy. October 28: A remote-controlled car bomb killed 117 people – including women and children – and injured around 200 others at the Meena Bazaar in Peshawar. October 12: At least 47 persons. Jaffry was going to his office when he was shot at pointblank range as he turned his car towards the Swati Phatak. were killed and 24 others sustained injuries after a suicide bomber rammed his explosives-laden vehicle into the CIA’s Special Investigation Unit in Peshawar. was shot dead near his home in Gulbarg. NWFP. October 16: At least 12 persons. including 9 security officials. including a policeman. was killed and 12 persons. were killed and 44 others injured when a suicide bomber blew him up in a cattle market at Adezai village. including a local councillor heading an anti-Taliban Lashkar (militia). media manager of the Iranian consulate in Peshawar. were killed and 112 others were injured when a suicide attacker detonated his explosives-laden car at the crowded Soekarno Chowk in Khyber Bazaar in Peshawar. were killed and 5 others sustained injuries when a suicide bomber riding an autorickshaw blew himself up at a police barricade on the Ring Road in the Latifabad area of Peshawar. Charsadda. 25 km south of the capital city of Peshawar.18 IPRI Factfile • • • • • • • • • • • • October 6: A woman. October 9: At least 56 persons. November 9: Three persons. including three policemen.

used for NATO forces in Afghanistan. were killed and 12 people were injured in a car bomb explosion at United Plaza. and destroyed an electricity pylon in Bashirabad area. police said. including two policemen and a young girl. December 1: A leading politician. killing 3 persons including a policeman.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 19 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • November 13: At least 17 people. Tehkal Market. . was reportedly killed when a suicide bomber targeted a guest house where he was present. November 16: Four persons were killed and more than 30 others sustained injuries in a suicide car bombing which targeted the Badhber Police Station on the Kohat Road near Peshawar. including 10 military personnel. November 30: Two police officials were injured when unidentified armed men attacked their vehicle on the Indus Highway. Another 8 people. killing two policemen on the spot and wounding five civilians on the outskirts of Peshawar. including a women. December 3: A police official was injured in an explosion at a police check-post in the Ragai area of capital Peshawar. were killed and 26 injured in a suicide attack at a Police Station in the Bannu town of Bannu District. were killed and 50 others injured when a suicide bomber blew himself up at the main gate of the Judicial Complex on Khyber Road in Peshawar. including 5 security officials. including his brother. including 2 policemen. including three policemen. Peshawar. University Road. Shamsher Ali Khan. Peshawar. November 26: A remote-controlled bomb blast injured three people. November 14: At least 12 persons. November 19: At least 20 people. December 7: At least 12 people. were killed and 60 injured when a suicide bomber on an explosiveladen Shehzore truck detonated the explosive material in front of the regional headquarters of the ISI in Peshawar. were killed and another 35 injured when a suicide bomber detonated his explosives-laden vehicle at police check post in Pashta Kharra Chowk. was killed and its driver injured when unidentified gunmen attacked the vehicle on the Ring Road near Tor Baba. including a policeman and a three-year-old child. were injured in this attack. December 5: At least four people. and injuring 17 others. November 19: A bomb attack on the police van ripped through the vehicle. December 22: A suicide bomber blew himself at the gate of the Peshawar Press Club. November 25: The cleaner of an oil tanker. November 13: Twelve people. were killed and 50 were injured in a suicide attack outside a court in Peshawar.

Quetta. • • • • • • • • • • . Peshawar. Terrorist attack in Balochistan • January 4: Armed men killed a trooper of the Balochistan Constabulary. The motorcycle borne attackers opened fire on the victims at their shop on Quetta’s Double Road. The attack appeared to be a targeted killing. mostly students. However. February 2: Unidentified gunmen killed a Shia trader in Quetta in an attack apparently linked to the recent cycle of sectarian killings in the provincial capital. January 14: Unidentified assailants killed four policemen. The Jamaat-Ulema-i-Islam (Fazlur Rehman faction JUI-F) provincial chief Maulana Muhammad Khan Shirani. the Balochistan Assembly Deputy Speaker Syed Matiullah Agha and provincial ministers belonging to the party were attending a ceremony at the seminary when a 15-year-old boy blew himself up in front of the stage. was kidnapped and his driver was killed after his vehicle was ambushed in Quetta. Quetta. were killed and 24 were injured in a suicide attack near State Life Building. in the Shallkot area of Quetta.20 IPRI Factfile • December 24: At least 5 people. sustained injuries in a suicide attack on a madrassa (seminary) in Kili Karbala in the Pishin District. January 5: Unidentified assailants killed two Shias on Kirani Road. unidentified men killed the Jamaat Ahl-e-Sunnat Wal Jamaat-Noorani provincial leader Maulana Iftikhar Ahmed Habibi in Quetta. was shot dead by Lashkar-e-Jhangvi in the southwestern city of Quetta. March 1: In an apparent act of sectarian violence in Quetta. identified as Abdul Hakeem. all the JUI-F leadership escaped unhurt. February 18: In a suspected sectarian incident. unidentified men murdered a man and his son. Saddar. including a policeman. including a DSP in a shootout on Siryab Road. February 2: John Solecki. March 2: Six people were killed and 12 others. both from the Shia sect. Three of the murdered policemen belonged to Hazara community and were Shia. head of the UN High Commission for Refugees office in Quetta. chairman of the Hazara Democratic Party. January 10: Unidentified men killed a central leader of the Fiqah Jafferia along with his guard in Sibi District. Mall Road. despite tight security arrangements due to Muharram. February 24: A Shia trader and three of his sons were shot dead in an apparent sectarian attack on Sariab Road. January 26: Hussain Ali Yousafi.

including a union council chief. July 23: Haji Mohammad Mohsin. The victims were shot in their car on Kirani road. June 23: The principal of the Government Commerce College was shot dead by two motorcycle borne assailants in a suspected sectarian incident in Quetta. Police personnel were on duty in the Hazar Ganji area. Quetta. April 22: Unidentified militants threw a hand grenade at policemen deployed on the outskirts of Quetta. March 9: Unidentified men on a motorbike killed two Shias in an apparent sectarian attack in Quetta.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 21 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • March 3: Five Shias were killed in Quetta when unidentified assailants attacked members of a family in the city. principal of the Government High School in Sariab Mills. June 30: Four people were killed and 11 wounded when a bomber targeted a hotel in Kalat in the first-ever suicide attack in Balochistan. were killed when unidentified attackers opened indiscriminate fire on a customer service centre on Kalat Street. July 29: A woman was killed and six persons. May 3: Unidentified assailants shot dead two policemen on the Arbab Karam Khan Road. on the outskirts of the Balochistan capital. August 12: Two persons were killed and six others sustained injuries in a bomb blast and firing incident in the Irrigation Colony area on Sariab Road. . July 24:Unidentified assailants shot dead a Professor of the Government Degree College on the Sariab Road. August 17: Cardiologist Dr Abid Iqbal Zaidi was shot dead by unidentified armed men on the Fatima Jinnah Road. killing him on the spot. were killed in Quetta by unidentified men in a suspected sectarian incident. The attack in Kalat District appeared to be aimed at disrupting supplies to NATO forces in Afghanistan. May 28: At least five persons. June 22: Three Shias. Unidentified armed men reportedly opened fire on Talib Agha. July 31: Two SF personnel were killed while three others sustained injuries when unidentified miscreants lobbed a hand grenade at a security vehicle on the Spiny Road area. when he was on his way home along with his driver and security guard. Quetta. August 17: A man and his two sons were shot dead by unidentified armed men on Sirki Road. Jail Road. were injured in a grenade attack on a check-post of the Frontier Corps (FC) in the Sairab Road area. including two SF personnel. injuring four policemen and a passerby. Union Council 47 chief in Quetta. was going to school when armed men riding a motorcycle opened fire on him. including a woman.

a member of the Pakistan People’s Party. October 25: Unidentified gunmen killed the Balochistan Education Minister Shafiq Ahmed Khan. Muhammad Aslam Mirza. November 17: DIG Police (Operations) Shahid Nizam Durrani and his driver were injured in a bomb blast on Spiny Road. December 7: A car bomb blast injured nine persons and damaged several vehicles and shops at the main gate of the Junior Assistant Colony in the Chaman Housing Society. . Sardar Muhammad Samalani and Syed Amir Muhammad Khilji. were on routine patrol on Qambrani Road when unidentified assailants opened fire at them. December 8: The Saryab station house officer and two other policemen were injured in a hand-grenade attack on a police convoy on the Sabzal Road in Quetta of Balochistan. injuring 21 persons including six policemen. October 12: Unidentified armed men killed the Balochistan Chief Mines Inspector on Sariab Road in Quetta.22 IPRI Factfile • • • • • • • • • • • • • September 5: Unidentified militants hurled two hand grenades on the City Police Station building. November 7: 13 people. including a Frontier Corps trooper. Eight persons. while he was walking on Zargoon Road near the office of the Railways divisional superintendent. November 23: Two policemen were shot dead in Quetta in what appeared to be a case of target killing. The blast took place near a police van which was on a routine patrol on the road. October 15: Two persons. and his driver were shot dead by unidentified armed men in the Shalkot area. were injured when a hand grenade exploded at a Frontier Corps checkpost near Meezan Chowk. mainly policemen. Ashraf Ali was a member of the Shia Hazara community. Hydayat Jaffar. police said. was injured in the same attack. The policemen. September 8: Suspected Taliban militants set ablaze eight oil tankers near the Western Bypass. October 13: In another incident of target-killing. were killed and five others injured in terrorist attacks in Quetta October 23: Unidentified gunmen killed an official of the intelligence Bureau (IB). were injured in the blast. outside his residence on Thogai Road. Tanveer Raza. when the tankers were carrying fuel for NATO forces in Afghanistan. Quetta. October 8: Three police officials were injured in a bomb blast at the Spiny Road. the Jamhoori Watan Party Vice-President. while his brother’s father-in-law. including two children and a trooper.

were injured when a bomb exploded close to a police patrol car on the Misryal road in Rawalpindi. including 4 policemen. Six Pakistani policemen and two civilians were killed. June 12: Seven persons.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 23 Terrorist Attacks in Punjab • February 5: At least 32 persons were killed and 48 others wounded when a suspected suicide bomber blew himself amidst a crowd of Shia worshippers outside a mosque in Dera Ghazi Khan. near the Gaddafi Stadium in Lahore. including a prominent anti-Taliban cleric Sarfaraz Naeemi. March 16: At least 15 people were killed and 25 injured when a suicide bomber blew himself up near a busy bus stand at Pirwadhai in Rawalpindi. February 7: At least 7 officers were killed in an ambush attack on a checkpoint in Mianwali in Punjab. including six soldiers. were killed and seven injured when a suicide attacker detonated himself at the Jamia Naeemia madrassa (seminary) in the Garhi Shahu area shortly after Friday prayers. July 2: At least 7 people were killed and 36 persons were injured when a young suicide bomber rammed his motorcycle into a bus carrying employees of the Army-run Heavy Mechanical Complex at the Peshawar Road near Chur Chowk in Rawalpindi. An ISI colonel and 15 police officials were among those killed. The cricketers were on their way to play the third day of the second Test against the Pakistani cricket team. March 3: A convoy carrying Sri Lankan cricketers and officials in two buses was fired upon by 12 gunmen. Six members of the Sri Lankan cricket team were injured. May 27: At least 27 people were killed and 326 were injured in a suicide car bomb blast near offices of the capital city police officer (CCPO) and the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) in Lahore. were killed in an attack on Pakistan Army General Headquarters (GHQ) in Rawalpindi. September 6: Three policemen were shot dead in Hasan Abdal in apparent act of targeted killing. and injuring 140 others. March 30: Nine people. April 05: A suicide bomber blew himself up at the entrance of an Imambargah at Chakwal in Punjab province. August 20: Eight people. three hostages. October 10: At least 14 people. including 8 police recruits and a civilian. including three children. • • • • • • • • • • • . five SSG commandos. were killed and 93 cadets and civilians were injured when about 10 terrorists attacked the Manawan Police Training School in Lahore with guns and grenades. killing 24 people.

and injured more than 100 at the crowded Moon Market in Allama Iqbal area of Lahore in Punjab. • December 4: At least 42 people were killed and 77 people were injured in firing and two suicide blasts at Parade Lane Mosque. April 04: Eight Frontier Constabulary (FC) personnel were killed. near the Pakistani army's headquarters in Rawalpindi. in Sitara Market. • • • . The two bombs exploded 30 seconds apart at 8:45 PM (PST). • December 7: Two bomb blasts killed at least 45 people.24 IPRI Factfile • October 15: At least 19 people. were killed and 63 others sustained injuries when a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a branch of the National Bank of Pakistan in Rawalpindi. rocket and suicide attack on the office of ISI. Punjab. including 14 security officials. an intelligence agency of the Federal Capital Police. September 2: Religious Affairs Minister Hamid Saeed Kazmi was injured in a brazen attack in Islamabad while his driver and a police guard were killed. were killed and 41 others sustained injuries in three separate terror attacks in Lahore. June 6: Two policemen were killed and four others injured in a suicide attack on a Rescue 15 office at Sector G-8 in capital Islamabad. killing at least 12 people and injuring 18people in Multan. when a suicide bomber blew himself up at an FC check post on the Margala Road in Islamabad. • October 24: A Motorway police official was killed when a suicide bomber detonated his explosives-laden car near Lillah Interchange close to Kalar Kahar. and seven others injured. • October 23: Eight persons were killed and 17 others sustained injuries when a suicide bomber exploded himself at a police checkpost on the GT Road near the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) in Kamra in the Attock District. December 8: A group of three Taliban militants launched a gun. • November 2: At least 35 persons. • Terrorist Attacks in Islamabad • March 23: A policemen was killed and 2 policemen were injured in a suicide bomb blast at the entrance of the headquarters of the Special Branch (SB). the Manawan Police Training School and the Elite Police Academy on the Bedian Road. The attacks were carried out at the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) building on the Temple Road. including two women and children.

unidentified gunmen shot dead a shop owner from the Ahmadiyya community outside his house in the Kotri District of Sindh province.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 25 • • • • • • October 5: A suicide bomber targeted the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) office in Islamabad. April 15: A 28-year-old sectarian worker-turned-lawyer was shot dead near Hamdard Dawakhana off the arterial M.who fidgeted with the bomb planted in a garbage dump. 40-year old Allauddin was the Lines Area Unit incharge of the banned Sunni outfit. Jinnah Road in Karachi. Terrorist Attacks in Sindh • January 20: In a suspected sectarian incident. including two female students. December 2: An official of the Pakistan Navy foiled a suicide attack on the Naval Headquarters at Zafar Chowk on the Margalla Road in the national capital Islamabad. while 13 persons were injured. two Navy personnel were killed in the attack. escaped death as two gunmen riding a motorbike attacked his car. was a former member of the banned Sunni outfit SSP. May 27: Another activist of the banned Sunni outfit SSP was shot dead while his son Sufian was injured by two gunmen near a Tandur in Gulshan-e-Iqbal in the Aziz Bhatti Police limits of Karachi. killing at least six students and staff members. November 6: Gunmen opened fire on an army brigadier vehicle in Islamabad. Brigadier Sohail and his driver were injured in the incident. February 1: An explosion in the Saddar Town of Karachi killed one person and injured two others. Six other staff members were injured. including a UN diplomat and two women employees. and injuring more than 29 others. Brigadier Waqar Ahmad. October 20: Two suicide bombers targeted the new campus of the International Islamic University Islamabad in the H-10 sector of Islamabad. However. Mazharul Islam. Moinuddin Ahmad. and had earlier worked for the LeJ. • • • • • . May 22: Four persons were injured in a cross-fire between two groups after pro-Taliban slogans were found painted on the walls of a church in Surjani Town. which caused the explosion . killing five persons. May 24: A senior activist of the banned SSP was shot dead in a target killing.A. October 27: A military officer.died and two others sustained injuries. October 22: A serving Army brigadier. One unidentified man . Karachi. and his driver were gunned down in Islamabad.

December 28: At least 40 people were killed and more than 90 were injured in a suicide attack on Ashura procession at M A Jinnah Road. were killed in Karachi. December 26: Another bomb blast in Orangi Town in Karachi left 24 people injured. the general secretary of the banned Sunni outfit SSP Karachi chapter. three of his relatives and a servant were injured after a parcel bomb exploded in his Defence Society house in Karachi. legislator from Balochistan. in Model Colony in Karachi. Hafiz Ahmed Buksh. December 26: A remote controlled bomb blast injured nearly 26 Shia mourners at Khalifat Chowk in North Nazimabad Town of Karachi. Qari Shafiqur Rehman Alvi. August 17: Armed men shot dead Allama Ali Sher Hyderi. The clash took place between the Shia community and the people belonging to the Deobandi school of thought over the use of loudspeaker during Iftar. wounded at Teen Hatti under the Jamshed Quarters Police Station jurisdiction in Karachi. November 19: Ghulam Muhammad Waezi. July 15: Unidentified men killed the central legal adviser of the outlawed Sunni group. July 16: Two more activists of the outlawed SSP. September 18: At least three persons sustained bullet injuries during a sectarian clash. One of them died at a hospital after being injured in the clash a day earlier while another’s body was recovered from Model Colony. Angry mob had resorted to arsons and anti- . the SSP.26 IPRI Factfile • • • • • • • • • • • June 5: Mir Yaqub Bizenjo. Enraged people set major commercial centers around the blast scene on fire and burnt dozens of vehicles. December 7: The leader of Pasban-e-Aza. The slain leader was identified as Syed Shahid Hussain. November 20: In a suspected sectarian incident. along with his associate Imtiaz Phulpoto at Khairpur in the Sindh province. chief of the banned SSP. including a guard of the group’s central leader Maulana Abdul Ghafoor Nadeem. a Shia clericm was shot dead in the Orangi Town area of Karachi. Engineer Ilyas Zubair. within the jurisdiction of Tori Bungash Police Station. was shot dead and provincial information secretary. a Shia organization was shot dead by unidentified militants in a suspected sectarian attack in the remit of the Brigade Police Station of Karachi. Violence erupted across the city. which erupted at Iftar time in the precincts of Soldier Bazaar Police Station at Karachi in Sindh.

http://www. She said Pakistan had lost the most in the war. December 29. 2009-2010. Samaa TV. February 20. She expressed these views during a meeting with Giuseppe Vegas. Minister of State for Economic Affairs Hina Rabbani Khar said on He also showed interest in initiating various development projects in Gilgit-Baltistan. Daily Times (Lahore). Italian deputy minister for economy and finance.hrcp-web. http://www. 2009. Human Rights Commission of Pakistan. Pakistan’s counter-terrorism security operations. The security operation in South Waziristan was launched in mid-October and by the end of December the security forces had knocked the Taliban out of most of South Waziristan. particularly in the tourism sector. Vegas said his government would encourage Italian businessmen and entrepreneurs to invest in Pakistan to take benefit from its growing market. The army authorities have shown greater determination to deal firmly with Islamic militants despite periodic pressures generated on the security personnel by Islamic parties and orthodox Islamic clerics who question the legitimacy of these operations and accuse the Pakistani civilian and military authorities of fighting against Pakistanis at the behest of the US. the Swat/Malakand operation initiated on April A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 27 government protests in reaction to the blast. First. have four major features. the Air Force and the paramilitary forces to dislodge the Taliban from a vast territory. was the first successful attempt by the Pakistan Army. who called on her in This was a major loss for the TTP that used South Waziristan as its headquarters and provided military training to its fighters as well as to the . as Pakistani casualties were more than the total number of casualties of all the NATO forces combined.dailytimes. Its civilian government and the military top brass are in harmony on dealing effectively with the Taliban and other groups that are directly challenging the writ of the Pakistani state. 2010. 2009.asp?id=39 P AKISTAN L OST $35 BN IN 3 Y EARS IN W AR H INA R ABBANI ON T ERROR : Pakistan’s direct and indirect cost in the war on terror has been around $35 billion over the last three years.asp?page=2010\02\20\story_20-22010_pg7_2 N EW D IMENSIONS OF C OUNTER -T ERRORISM Pakistan has gone a long way in countering terrorism over the last one year. She said the public sector development programme allocation for the next financial year might have to be curtailed due to this rising cost of war on terror.

The civilian authorities were also divided on this. more than half of the Quetta Shura has been arrested in February-March. According to one source. Some of the well known Afghan Taliban leaders and TTP activists have been arrested in different cities. Until 2009. This is a major revision of Pakistan’s policy because until recently its security authorities denied any significant presence of the Afghan Taliban leadership in Pakistan. especially from Karachi. There have been pitched battles between the security forces and different militant groups in these Agencies where the militants had established vast underground security networks and training centres and collected weapons. Pakistan’s security agencies arrested a large number of the activists of the Punjab-based militant groups in order to weaken their linkages with the TTP. The media reported the arrest of Mullah Omar’s son-in-law from Karachi on March 3. Second. The focus is on Khyber. The Taliban and the Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi (TNSM) of Sufi Muhammad showed greater defiance and the Taliban began to expand their domain to the adjoining areas. However. the intelligence agencies have discovered strong linkages between various militant groups in Punjab and the TTP.28 IPRI Factfile activists of some militant groups from mainland Pakistan. It had also developed elaborate facilities for training suicide bombers. As the spring season sets in. a major shift has taken place in the disposition of the Pakistan Army and the intelligence agencies towards the Pakistan-based Afghan Taliban in January-February 2010. the Pakistani military will step up its activities to establish its control on the rest of South Waziristan. Kurram and Bajaur Agencies. Pakistan’s tough approach towards the Pakistani and Afghan Taliban is the product of the down-to-earth analysis of the growing Taliban threat by Pakistan’s security authorities and the increased interaction between the top brass of the Pakistan Army and the US military authorities dealing with this region during the last six months. Orakzai. Mohmand. the army and its affiliates are now fighting the TTP activists and other militant groups that have created enclaves in other tribal agencies. This partly disrupted the terrorism chain that linked Punjab with the tribal areas. Invariably. Third. The spectre of the Taliban advancing into . the army authorities were alarmed by the ability of the Taliban to control most of Swat and their refusal to moderate their ways even after the NWFP government agreed to implement the Shariah-based judicial system in Swat. Fourth. This interaction was backed up by active diplomatic interaction between the two countries. the former acted as facilitators for the suicide bombers in the urban areas and their activists got training in the tribal areas. the army top brass were not fully convinced that they should opt for a full-fledged and sustained security operation against the local Taliban. The security forces have made considerable gains but the militant challenge continues to be formidable.

The army also discovered some evidence of foreign support to the Pakistani Taliban. The other consideration is that the US would contribute to upgrading Pakistan’s capacity to fight the Taliban in the tribal areas. Further. the Pakistan Army and intelligence authorities want to tell the Afghan Taliban that they cannot be allowed to threaten Pakistan’s interests in the tribal areas and Afghanistan. the Taliban-backed suicide attacks during October-December of last year. These arrests are also meant to help the US because Pakistan wants the current US-led NATO operation to succeed in Afghanistan. several terrorist attacks in Lahore and other cities in FebruaryApril of last year created a crisis of credibility for the government. including accommodation of the Taliban that are willing to give up the military although it would like more effective Pashtun representation in the Kabul government. Dr Hasan Askari Rizvi. If these understandings persist. 2010. The military wants to convey a clear message to the Afghan Taliban that if they help those fighting the Pakistan Army. Furthermore. Daily Times (Lahore). Pakistan is expected to continue with the current counter-terrorism policy. The fear of losing credibility in the face of the Taliban onslaught led the civilian government and the army to put their foot down vis-à-vis the Taliban and other militant elements. They also realised that the Taliban had created a strong military infrastructure with tunnels. Pakistan cannot afford to let the Afghan Taliban capture power in Bajaur and other tribal areas. The Pakistan Army and intelligence agencies are now taking action against the Pakistan-based Afghan Taliban because they found out that the Afghan Taliban were helping the Pakistani Taliban in their fight against Pakistan. especially in Peshawar. http://www. Pakistan’s cooperation with the current US policy in Afghanistan is based on the assumption that the US military authorities in the region recognise Pakistan’s security sensitivities about India’s role in Afghanistan and India’s pressure on the eastern border. convinced the security authorities that the Taliban want chaos and anarchy in Pakistan.asp?page=2010\03\07\story_7-32010_pg3_2 . March 07. weapons storage and training areas in South Waziristan. Their counter-terrorism operations strengthened their resolve to dislodge the Taliban because they faced tough resistance from the Taliban and the army and the paramilitary forces lost over 200 personnel in Swat/Malakand and the tribal areas in 2009. then Pakistan’s security authorities have the capacity to make their life difficult.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 29 mainland Pakistan emboldened the hard-line Islamic clerics and groups in the cities who began to harass women and others in the name of Islam. Also. in various cities.

(5) The Holy Prophet used to give instructions to the faithful before going for a Ghazwa. He urged the Islamic scholars to preach the teachings of Quran and the Holy Prophet (PBUH). there is no doubt that Allah is Merciful to you. 32 says: “He who kills a human being (whether Muslim or non-Muslim). the prestigious Jamia Al-Azhar Egypt’s Mufti-e-Azam Sheikhul-Azam Qarat Muhammad Abdul Hameed Al Bashar has come out with the latest fatwa that suicide attacks. the patients. (4) When a Muslim valiant fighter in one of the Ghazwas got unbearable wounds and stabbed himself to death.” (6) Surah Al-Baqrah’s Ayah 193 says: “Don’t pick up arms against other than aggressors. a thing which should have been done much earlier. the children. It is as equal to rejecting the blessings of Allah the man is bestowed with. which says: “He who kills himself by iron shrapnel. it is clearly said that suicide is Haraam: “Don’t kill yourself. One wonders why the Ulema in Pakistan are particularly mum over the suicide blasts across the country. that: (1) Surah AlMaeda. the elders. will be beaten by the same iron shrapnel in the Hell. The Ulema have in their access the most effective medium of communication – the mosque. forbidding: “No one will attack the unarmed. it is against the text of Quran and teachings of the Holy Prophet. Ayah 29. he has killed the whole humanity.” (7) There is famous Hadith of the Prophet (PBUH). Luckily. Ayah No. He who saves one life. in Pakistan. not to stay calm and speak against the menace of suicide blasts.” It is the duty of our Ulema. who is given amnesty by anyone from the Muslims. that too by the Ulema in Pakistan as a whole and by leading scholars of Islam in the Muslim world. He said Muslims are on both sides and there is no reason to fight against each other. the women. it is but equal to saving the whole humanity.” (2) In Surah Al-Nisaa. (3) Man is not allowed to kill himself even in the heights of unbearable pains of disease.30 IPRI Factfile S UICIDES B OMBING AND D R T AHIRUL Q ADRI ’ S F ATWA It is very positive on the part of Maulana Dr Tahirul Qadri for issuing a 600page fatwa against the suicide bombing. No one speaks against it. despondency and any other circumstances. who surrenders. It is also encouraging to note Dr Qadri’s announcement on CNN and BBC channels that he would alone fight for the cause if no other Ulema come forward in this direction.” Committing suicide is equal to interfering in the working of Allah. No one dares to say that suicide bombing is Haram in Islam. are against the Shariah. Probably we at the labyrinth of our moral decay that we are not even ready to pay heed to such Fatwas whereas till the early days of last century a fatwa by Mufti Azam of Islam had held the status of decree for all .” His bravery. who offer no resistance. his Jehad and all deeds of righteousness which he did in the past all went down the drain because he took the decision of his life and death in his hands. They can tell the people. Hazrat Jundub (RA) heard the Holy Prophet saying: “the man has shut the doors of Jannah in bid to rush to Jannah.

Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 31 Muslims of the world. conducted prior to Pakistan's current push to rout the Taliban within its borders. http://dailymailnews. they would pay heed to my words. Alya Alvi Editorial. terrorists have once more targeted a building belonging to the FIA in Lahore. This has not both in Lahore and other places. proTaliban militants of tribal areas are true Muslims. said the Taliban's presence in some areas of the country has a positive influence. Ulema must come forward in footsteps of Dr Tahirul Qadri and launch a full fledged campaign against suicide bombing as Haram and it has nothing to do with Jannah but they are the merchants of death and hell. … Editorial. What is more. where Gallup surveys show they have lost much of the little appeal they had. al-Qaeda men. .asp?id=227908 T ALIBAN I NCREASINGLY U NPOPULAR IN P AKISTAN The Taliban's presence on either side of the Afghanistan-Pakistan border is largely unwelcome. The building struck stood in the residential suburb of Model Town. If the masterminds. At that time it was said that all the offices of the security agencies would be moved out of residential areas. 9. equipment of some kind would have been provided to the rescue workers assigned the task of pulling people out of with terrorist attacks a not infrequent event. Had it been shifted. the Taliban. What is unfortunate is that few lessons have been learnt from that attack. 2010. Despite the fact that the building was an obvious target. March 9. Four percent of Pakistanis in a November-December 2009 poll. the terrorists struck early in the morning – at a time when security was not present anywhere in the vicinity.php L ESSONS FROM L AHORE As though we were watching a replay of action that has taken place before. News International (Rawalpindi).jang. but increasingly so in Pakistan. 2010. down from 15% in There are other lessons. there were no pickets around it. some loss of life could have been averted with at least one schoolgirl listed among the 11 persons confirmed so far to have been killed. One would have thought that by now. As they have done before. http://thenews. March. rescue efforts were impeded by the fact that teams had only their bare hands with which to try and shift the massive pile of debris left as the FIA building structure collapsed. A very similar attack on a safe house run by the agency and its principal building in the city had taken place almost exactly two years ago in March 2008. Daily Mail (Islamabad). too.

But nowhere are they more unpopular than in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP). which the public's increasingly negative view of the Taliban may reflect. In November-December 2009. . The percentage saying the Taliban's influence is positive in Baluchistan. down from 11% in June. which abuts South Waziristan. dropped from 26% to 5%. ground zero for a full-scale military offensive against the Taliban last May. 1% of NWFP residents said the Taliban have a positive influence.32 IPRI Factfile Gallup most recently polled Pakistanis in the particularly deadly period after the army's anti-Taliban operations in the South Waziristan tribal area started in October. Retributive militant attacks across Pakistan reportedly have claimed more than 600 Pakistanis' lives since then. The Taliban lost support in every region of Pakistan.

” said the diplomatic source. however. The source. “Their operations have been very successful. “They have nowhere to go. that the Taliban militants in Fata were now refusing to collaborate with Al Qaeda fighters. Pakistani intelligence sources also confirm this assessment. the report said.” he said. “These are the leftovers of the pro-Al Qaeda militants and these are last desperate measures. would ultimately be forced to give up fighting or be eradicated. “The Haqqani network is not as effective as the media make it to be. disagreed with the suggestion that the Haqqani group was still effectively supporting Al Qaeda.” The militants. like the Los Angeles Times. roughly 8 in 10 Afghans said the Taliban has a negative influence.” The pro-Al Qaeda militants had been weakened so much in the tribal areas that they were shifting their people to other areas inside Pakistan. Gallup. “Yes. diplomatic sources told Dawn. However. The vast majority is distancing itself from them.” said a senior diplomatic source who did not want to be identified. he said. They too have been weakened. … Julie Ray & Rajesh credited the Pakistani military operations in Fata for this shift in sentiments against Al Qaeda.” he said. In both surveys in 2009. published on Saturday. he said. Quoting US military and counter-terrorism officials.” he said. “In Lahore. The Pakistani military forces are on a winning streak and there’s no exaggeration in it.” The diplomatic source. the Los Angeles Times reported that the Afghan Taliban began disassociating themselves from . The sources also confirmed a Los Angeles Times report. they used the Punjabi Taliban to cause Friday’s blasts.aspx T ALIBAN D ISTANCING T HEMSELVES E XPERTS FROM A L Q AEDA : The blasts in Lahore are the last desperate measures of pro-Al Qaeda militants who are now being abandoned by the Taliban. Afghans agree with Pakistanis that the Taliban have a negative influence. The Taliban were declining to provide shelter or assist in attacks in Afghanistan even in return for “Very few are left who still support Al Qaeda. 2010. “There is a sizeable shift away from Al Qaeda.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 33 On the other side of the border. http://www. March 12. Afghans' views have remained relatively unchanged despite the Taliban's threats and violence before the presidential election in August.

One idea under consideration is to reduce drone strikes against Taliban factions whose members are shunning contacts with Al Qaeda. Al Qaeda was able to offer the Taliban bombmaking 332 T ERROR H ITS C LAIMED 5.34 IPRI Factfile Al Qaeda because they feared that links to the international terrorist network threatened their long-term survival. one US official said.a group active in the Afghan insurgency --. experienced fighters and large amounts of cash for operations in Afghanistan in return for haven in Taliban-controlled areas near the Afghanistan-Pakistan border”.” US intelligence officials told the Times.maintained links to Al Qaeda. Anwar Iqbal. 2010. but with Al Qaeda’s resources and operational capacity dwindling. but there were indications that many Taliban were refusing this inducement. The newspaper speculated that Al Qaeda’s utility to the Taliban could also be ending. Dawn (Islamabad). March 14. despite suffering heavy casualties from drone strikes. the officials told the paper. The Al Qaeda-Taliban rupture has led to a debate within the US government about whether there are ways to exploit any fissures. According to the report. the report added. the report said. the report said.” the report said. Al Qaeda is believed to have fewer than 100 operatives still in Afghanistan.704 L IVES S INCE 9/11 The extent to which Pakistan has borne the brunt of the US-led War against Terror can be gauged from the fact that during the last 102 months since the 9/11 episode. Last year. However. along with intensified US drone strikes in the Afghanistan-Pakistan border regions. Pakistan’s stepped up military campaign. the country has averagely been rocked by terrorists every 10th . “The arrest in recent months of several top Afghan Taliban leaders may also be leading some Taliban to reassess their ties to Al Qaeda in hopes of easing pressure from the InterServices Intelligence. the Pakistan-based Haqqani network --. the organisation began offering stipend to Afghans who would escort its operatives into the country. http://www. Al Qaeda’s attempts to restore its dwindling presence in Afghanistan were also running into problems. “In the past. “Al Qaeda fighters are in some cases being excluded from villages and other areas near the Afghanistan-Pakistan border where they once received sanctuary. it is perhaps too risky for the Taliban to cooperate with them. had made it riskier for the Taliban to harbour Al Qaeda fighters.dawn.

Orakzai Agency. using statistics and chronology recorded by the US Department of State. 2002. have been targeted at least 22 times during this time period under review. outside the war zones of Swat. Sargodha and Faisalabad found themselves strapped in the grip of fear on two occasions each. Haripur. Meanwhile. an attempt to blow up a civilian airliner with a shoe bomb and the terrorist attack at a synagogue in Tunisia. Kalat. Mansehra. Taxilla. not fewer than 105 terrorism incidents have taken place since in the war-ridden Bajaur Agency. Mohmand Agency. has revealed that while the port city of Karachi has been struck 37 times by terrorists during this period under review. Terror has also whacked the calm of Dera Bugti four times. The residents of Bahawalpur. Buner. which has witnessed 332 terrorism-related incidents inflicting 5. on March 1. Hub. Kurram Agency. Bhakkar. Pishin. the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad have been hit 46 times by terrorists in these last eight and a half years. While 58 terrorism-related incidents have jolted Peshawar (Charsadda and Darra Adamkhel included) since September 11. archives of Pakistani newspapers and websites carrying information about global terrorism. Wah. Kohat. South Waziristan and North Waziristan agencies etc. Khalid Sheikh Muhammed was also linked the USS Cole bombing. Sialkot. At the time of his capture. Lakki Marwat and Parachanar etc. The NWFP cities mainly hit include Hangu. Lahore has confronted such happenings on 21 occasions.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 35 day during this period. Horror also haunted Multan. Dera Ismail Khan has been attacked 16 times by the terrorists during this still ongoing war. Mianwali. Pakistan witnessed only two terror-related incidents . Gujranwala. Wall Street Journal newsman Daniel Pearl’s killer Khalid Shaikh Muhammed was arrested during CIA-led raids on a suburb of Rawalpindi. at least once each. South and North Waziristan etc. high-ranking al-Qaeda officials like Abu Zubaida and Ramzi Binalshibh were arrested by Pakistani officials on March 23. Nowshehra. Dera Ghazi Khan. Claiming that it has lost around $35 billion since joining the stillcontinuing War on Terror. 2002. Similarly. A research conducted by The News. Kamra. Mian Channu. Lower and Upper Dir. Khalid was the third highest ranking official in al-Qaeda and was believed to have supervised the planning for the September 11 attacks on the US. respectively. 2001. During this fright-studded period. Buner. Bannu. Shangla. Hassan Abdal and Muzaffarabad etc. 2003. While Quetta has so far seen blood pouring down its drains 18 times. The Pakistan Army personnel and installations of country’s armed forces. Panjgur. the same number as the Swat valley. Chakwal. and September 14.704 deaths till date.

Punjab-born Balochistan Education Minister Shafiq Ahmed Khan (October 25. During this particular period. 2008). leading Shia scholar and Chief of Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan. Allama Hassan Turabi (July 14. 2007). 2009).800 lives. Awami National Party Provincial law-maker Alam Zeb Khan (February 11.565 people falling prey to 72 such attacks. 2004. 56 in 2007. 130 in 2009 and 29 in the first two-and-a-half months of 2010 till the fling of this report. Peshawar’s District Police Officer Iqbal Marwat (February 12. former Interior Minister Lt Gen (R) Moinuddin Haider’s elder brother Ehteshamuddin Haider (December 21. just 8 in 2003. eminent Deobandi scholar and head of Islamic religious school Jamia Binoria. 11 in 2005. The year 2009 of course remained the bloodiest of all with 130 incidents claiming around 1. 2010). former Jamiat Ulemae-Islam MNA and Wafaqul Madaris Vice Chairman Maulana Hassan Jan (September 15. . 2004. the then Interior Minister Aftab Ahmad Sherpao. noted religious scholar Ghulam Murtaza Malik (May 7. 2009). attack aimed at his life. he also managed to survive the July 6. survived an assassination bid at Charsadda. former NWFP Education Minister Ghani-ur-Rehman (January 3. On August 2. there was an unsuccessful assassination attempt on the Prime Minister-elect Shaukat Aziz. 2008).36 IPRI Factfile in 2001. 18 in 2004. 2007). Then Corps Commander Karachi Lt Gen Ahsan Saleem Hayat also narrowly escaped on June 10. leading Sunni Barelwi cleric Sarfraz Ahmed Naeemi (June 12. 14 in 2002. ANP politician Shamsher Ali Khan (December 1. 72 in 2008. while he was campaigning for a byelection in Attock District. While Musharraf saw death close to him twice in December 2003. 2010) and Jamaat Ahl-eSunnat’s key leaders Mufti Saeed Jalalpuri (March 11. when gunmen opened fire at his convoy in Karachi. 2009). 2003). 2006. 2000). 2004. On April 28. 2006. 2009). 2004). banned Anjuman-eSipah-e-Sihaba chief Maulana Azam Tariq (October 6. 16 in 2006. Pakistan Army’s top medic Lt Gen Mushtaq Baig (February 25. Balochistan Chief Minister Jam Mohammad Yousaf also managed to deceive death. 2006). 2009). 2010). 2007). 2010) and Maulana Abdul Ghafoor Nadeem (March 14. former President Pervez Musharraf survived three life attempts. former head of Pakistan Army’s Special Services Group Maj Gen (R) Ameer Faisal Alvi (November 19. followed by 2008 which saw 1. 2002). Balochistan’s Deputy Inspector General Nizam Shahid Durrani (November 19. Chief of Peshawar City Police Malik Saad (January 27. On July 30. Terror in Pakistan claimed the lives of eminent personalities like the two-time Premier Benazir Bhutto (December 27. Mufti Nizamuddin Shamzai (May 30.

2008. 2007. 2008. but could not ride her luck the second time she was fatally targeted on December 27. On October 2. sitting Religious Affairs Minister Hamid Saeed Kazmi was injured in a brazen attack in Islamabad. On September 2. a suicide bomber again unsuccessfully targeted former Interior Minister Aftab Ahmad Khan Sherpao. On October 6. The blast also splattered the checkpost outside the residence of then Chief of the General Staff General Tariq Majid. though Sheikh Rashid managed to live on . was seriously injured when his convoy was ambushed by suspected militants in Darra Adam Khel. renowned politician Sheikh Rashid Ahmed was attacked by militants in Rawalpindi. On March 3. 2007. a suicide attacker targeted the Charsadda house of ANP leader Asfandyar Wali Khan. another suicide bomber blew himself up outside the venue of the district bar council convention in Islamabad. senior minister of the NWFP Bashir Bilour survived yet another assassination attempt in Peshawar. controversial Swat cleric and chief of Tehrik-e-Nifaze-Shariat Muhammadi Maulana Sufi Muhammad survived a remote-controlled bomb. a suicide bomber struck a police checkpoint in the high security zone of Rawalpindi. The minister escaped unhurt though. when her convoy was attacked in Karachi upon her return from a long exile. On March 11. On June 11. 2009. less than a kilometre from President Musharraf’s Camp Office. 2009. 2010. a convoy carrying Sri Lankan cricketers and officials in two buses was fired upon near the Gaddafi Stadium in Lahore. On November 11. 2007. a suicide bomber blew himself up at a packed Qayyum Stadium in Peshawar. Nawani luckily survived the attack. a suicide bomber detonated explosives at the house of the then Federal Political Affairs Minister Amir Muqam in Peshawar. 2008. Former prime minister Benazir Bhutto also escaped unhurt on October 18. who survived the attack. On February 9. the NWFP Prisons Minister. 2009. 2007. 2008. Six members of the Sri Lankan cricket team were injured. 2007. 2009. 2007. On December 21. minutes after the NWFP Governor Owais Ghani had left the venue and just moments prior to the departure of Senior Provincial Minister Bashir Bilour. On November 9.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 37 On July 17. Mian Nisar Gul Kakakhel. a suicide attacker targeted a gathering at PML-N legislator Rashid Akbar Nawani’s house in Bhakkar. just be-fore the arrival of Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry. On October 30. On June 9.

Afghanistan. Finally the Obama administration has been engaging more frequently and has been listening." the back channel with New Delhi. Excerpts: NEWSWEEK: Tell us about this deal between the U. the democratically elected government gave the fight to ownership. India.000 troops on the Western T HE S ILENT S URGE .000 terrorists.asp?id=229652 Pakistan's Foreign Minister on What His Country is Doing to Combat Militant Islamists Shah Mehmood Qureshi. the realization in Pakistan that this menace [of the Taliban] is blocking the progress and the growth of Pakistan. but I think it finally has sunk in.000 casualties and has arrested. and eliminated 17. apprehended. and we've had a long relationship that has been cyclical and transactional. and the sacrifices Pakistan's intelligence agency has made fighting militants.S position has always been until now that you need to do more. I have been hammering on this ever since I became foreign runs a balancing act: on one side.thenews. Yet the U. on another.S and Pakistan Qureshi: They were a breakthrough dialogue. Islamists and nationalists. the recognition of the need of each other. What we need to do is convert this relationship into a partnership. Even the Army felt that we cannot fight the insurgency unless we have public support. The fact that they nominated a focal point for a constant engagement helped.S last week for his country's strategic dialogue with the State Department. What we have succeeded in is converting public opinion and deploying 150. Qureshi was in the U. Is that part of the breakthrough? Not once in this engagement has anyone said to me: "Do more." And for the first time there is the realization in Washington that their delivery has not matched the urgency that is required in the field. 2010. Pakistan's foreign minister. the United States. March 18. he stopped by NEWSWEEK's New York office to chat with editors about his military's "silent surge.38 IPRI Factfile by ducking the bullets. http://www. What do you think caused the breakthrough? First. on a fourth. and so did the fact that we demonstrated our seriousness through actions and sacrifices. Second. We finally succeeded in putting the message across that we have been friends with our allies. The News (Rawalpindi). on a third. Sabir Shah. The third factor is that for the first time. where he affirmed his government's willingness to fight the Taliban. Name one nation in the world that has had 31.

We are not foreigners. there is a qualitative change that people are not realizing. Are you sending troops there? We have troops there.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 39 borders. which was considered as the [Pakistan Taliban's] headquarters. It was often said that Pakistani intelligence had an interest in who governs Afghanistan. … Do you want to see them part of it? That is to the Afghans to decide. we hold. We have done it. They do not look at us like aliens.N. If you look at the late operations in South Waziristan. because the people living in the tribal belt are sick and tired of the Taliban. which is build and then transfer authority from military to civilian authority. There has been a change of thinking in Pakistan and a greater realization in Afghanistan that we are destined to be together. Now we are at a critical phase of maintaining the momentum we have gained. That is why we are negotiating a new transit trade agreement. I think the distinction that existed is diminishing. you have done that but you are not going into North Waziristan where the real bad guys are?" My answer is that we are. but as saviors. The next question is: "Fine. in line with our resources. . Afghanistan is landlocked and trade has to go through Pakistan. Never in Pakistan's existence and history have we ever deployed these numbers there. once we have held we can only hold with the support of the population. Ask the U. Whoever the Afghans elect through the democratic process as their leaders. We share a border. The strategy that has worked in Pakistan and that has not worked in Afghanistan is simple: we clear. Some say that the offensive against the Taliban might have been short of going after Taliban leaders who are friendly with Pakistan intelligence. we will engage and work with them. But we have to move according to a plan. Aren't those fierce Pashtun mountain warriors that have taken down every empire? Every foreign empire. "What was Pakistan's role?" We took a conscious decision of not interfering. This is all new. the myth was that it had never been occupied by any force and that it was impossible to do it. You are misreading that we are differentiating between Pakistani Taliban who are hurting us and Afghan Taliban. but do we have to announce it? It's a tactic again. For the first time. You have had elections in Afghanistan. representative and the EU envoys there.

Do you have a timeline for the silent surge? You can't have a clear timeline. Where is the front now? You cannot clearly identify the front. How many in the West could have predicted that Pakistani troops would go into Swat and clear the valley in six weeks? Timelines have to be adjusted to ground realities. we have this delegation of civilians and military and it is the first time that you have seen such coordination between the civilian and the military leadership of Pakistan. The issue of sovereignty remains. the low-water mark of the fight was when the Taliban offensive came within 50 miles of Islamabad. people complain. A missile fired from one of our planes can also target innocents. But some can say. But we are encouraged by the fact that we have performed better than our expectations.S drone fires and kills. the civilians are still not in charge.40 IPRI Factfile Do you think there will be visible action in the Northwest Frontier province in the next six months? The allied forces call their surge the military surge. as well. When you give us the ownership. But when a U. a group of three or four can slip into a big town and carry out a terrorist activity and run away. "Well. But it will have to be done in a phased manner. Will you call it a front or a hit-and-run operation? . clear. We are doing a silent surge. We want to hold. and frankly to amalgamate the tribal bit into the mainstream. They can operate in small pockets. we will face the consequences. For many Americans. Is there a role for American drone strikes in the silent surge? People understand that drone strikes are a precise and superior technology that has taken out some well-known targets. That is a positive thing. For example." It is up to you the way you look at it. You can also look at the positive things. What is the endgame? Occupy and hold the entire Western region? On the Pakistani side? Obviously. The problem has been the collateral damage. What do you say to those who say that you are taking off the battlefield certain commanders who might be more willing to enter talks and leaving alone those who are more hardline? People can look at it in different ways. We have used airfire of late and nobody has complained. That is why we have been talking with the administration about transfer of technology.

i. http://www. Initially it was felt that "It is not our war. counterterrorism efforts in Pakistan's Afghanborder region—is pushing back with a legal defense of a program it only tacitly acknowledges. we have lost something like 300 people and had at least 600 injured. The United Nations Special Rapporteur for Extrajudicial Executions and some legal scholars have questioned whether it is legal for the U. D EFENDS L EGALITY OF K ILLING WITH D RONES The Obama U.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 41 In what sense does the Army have ownership of the fight now that they didn't have before? People's ownership.S. A political party which had sympathies and was affiliated with the [coalition of religious parties Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal] was defeated by my party's candidate in free elections. Professor . Do we want Taliban to succeed in Kabul and target Islamabad with their ideological agenda and try to impose their agenda on us?" We don't. and once they leave come out of the woods. If ISI is helping them. wait. How did President Obama's announcement of the drawdown of the number of U. 2010.S.Khan. why are they being attacked and killed? Newsweek. March 29. So if we don't. to target and execute individuals in countries the U. there was a by-election. we have to stand up and fight them. in a place called D. isn't at war with. In the last 18 months. Look at how many times their headquarters have been attacked: in Peshawar. Multan.S. Lahore. the 22nd of March. Yesterday. facing questions about the legality of its drone program—a key part of U.S. Did that change something in poll results? Absolutely. troops in Afghanistan affect the way regional actors are behaving now? The initial interpretation was "If they are leaving in July 2011. then just dig in. "This is a war that has a direct impact on Pakistan. Why does the perception that the Pakistani Directorate for InterServices Intelligence (ISI) continues to play a double game persist and what is the reality of it? It has changed because ISI has performed significantly against the militants. why are we being sucked into it?" But we said. which has been a hub of activities of militancy. create no problem.S." But that interpretation has been dispelled.newsweek.

a senior Obama administration official—Harold Koh. Mr. "The speech did not say where the government draws the line between legitimate targets—combatants and those taking part in hostitilities—and civilians. a former National Security Council official in the Bush and Obama administrations currently at the Council on Foreign Relations. and the responsibility to its citizens. says Mr. While critics of the program cite collateral civilian deaths. the State Department's legal adviser—has publicly articulated the legal basis for targeted killings. who cannot be targeted. For the first time. of the Washington College of Law at American University in Washington. The entire program has been expanded notably since Mr. Brett McGurk. intelligence officials say only about 20 civilians have been killed in that period—a lower estimate than that made by some independent researchers. Koh's speech was also noteworthy because. Koh. to use force.S. The ACLU filed a Freedom of Information suit last month in a bid to force the government to divulge details of the classified program. Koh's speech. was an outspoken critic of most of the George W. "A number of controversial questions were left unanswered" by Mr." and says it violates international law. the United States has the authority under international law. however. says Jonathan Manes. The arguments against the program echo the legal challenges that helped overturn U. The Central Intelligence Agency has used drones to kill between 400 and 500 suspected militants since January 2009. Manes says. Mr. including lethal force. National security hawks in the legal community as well as among former Obama and Bush administration officials say they worry the legal scrum could limit the government's ability to track down and kill suspects. Koh's defense in March won agreement from national security experts such as Ken Anderson. a lawyer on the American Civil Liberties Union's National Security Project. The speech also did not set out any rules on where drones strikes can be used to target and kill individuals.Legal criticism of the drone program has continued. Koh sidestepped some of the "thorniest issues" surrounding targeted . who has urged the administration to make a legal case to safeguard what has become an important part of the antiterrorism arsenal." Mr. "In this ongoing armed conflict. Bush administration's policies regarding the war on terrorism. a human-rights lawyer. senior intelligence officials say. to defend itself. Mr. Obama took office. including by targeting persons such as high-level al Qaeda leaders who are planning attacks. Koh told an audience of international legal scholars on March 25." Mr.42 IPRI Factfile Mary Ellen O'Connell of the University of Notre Dame law school has called the drone program "unlawful killing. before joining the State Department. policies on the treatment of terrorism detainees.

Wall Street Journal. April 5.S. a future president will face new threats that don't have anything to do" with al Qaeda or the Taliban—and the 2001 congressional authorization won't serve as a legal basis for targeting those threats. That 2001 resolution authorized the president to "use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations. organizations. warns Mr. the CIA isn't governed by the same laws of war that cover U. President Barack Obama has ordered a revision of America’s National Security Strategy with the aim to remove terms that link Islam to terrorism. 2001 attacks—a justification that dims as time passes. administration officials said. The CIA says the program is legal. "Without confirming any specific activity. CIA's counterterrorism operations are lawful and precise. a document that was created . Anderson. has aided counterterrorism efforts. Anderson says. officials could in the future be targeted themselves—by crusading judges in other countries who see targeted killings as violations of humanitarian law. As a civilian agency and a noncombatant under International Humanitarian Law." said CIA spokeswoman Marie Harf. 2010.S.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 43 killing. McGurk specifically noted questions about "the implications of civilian agencies—the CIA—controlling the kill chain. http://online.LINK T ERRORISM FROM I SLAM ml O BAMA M OVES TO D E .S. A concern voiced by legal scholars and former and current administration officials is that without an articulated legal basis for the attacks.wsj. International Humanitarian Law regulates continuous armed conflict between states. That roster could include Anwar al Awlaki.S. The officials said the change would remove terms like “Islamic radicalism” from the National Security Strategy. the American University professor as the fight widens to include individuals who aren't necessarily part of al Qaeda or armed fighters. Mr. Another potential pitfall: The Obama administration relies on a Bushera congressional resolution as its main authority to track and kill suspected al Qaeda members. U.-born Muslim cleric believed to be hiding in Mr. "One of these days. or persons" deemed linked to the September 11. Keith Johnson & Siobhan Gorman. a U. with recognizable combatants—little of which prevails in the U.S." The drone program falls into a legal grey area. Relying on that authorization has its limits.S. military personnel. fight against al Qaeda and its allies. where the U.

National Counter-Terrorism Centre produced a document. He recommended that media professionals and commentators adopt similarly neutral and objective language and avoid “loaded” terminology.S.” said CAIR National Executive Director Nihad Awad. officials that “a large percentage of the world’s population subscribes to this religion” and “unintentionally alienating them is not a judicious move.S.’ It reinforces the ‘U. The document that the Obama administration is consulting for drafting the new strategy — “A Guide for Counter-Terrorism Communication” — urges U.S. Mr Obama said that the U. “Although the Al Qaeda network exploits religious sentiments and tries to use religion to justify its actions. saying it was a step in the right direction. terrorist or violent extremist — “widely understood terms that define our enemies appropriately and simultaneously deny them any level of legitimacy.” Urging officials not to use the word Islam in conjunction with terrorism. The Bush-era document describes the war against terrorists as “the struggle against militant Islamic radicalism … the great ideological conflict of the early years of the 21st century. Since taking office.” It reminds U.” .” The Council on American-Islamic Relations on Thursday welcomed the announcement. did not have any enmity with the Muslim world.” which encouraged government agencies and officials to avoid characterizing Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups as “Islamic” or “Muslim. Islam’ framework that Al Qaeda promotes.” Instead of calling terror groups Muslim or Islamic. we should treat it as an illegitimate political organisation. media outlets often refer to this document for borrowing terms to use in a report. U. “We welcome this change in language as another step toward respectful and effective outreach to Muslims at home and abroad. called “Words that Work and Words that Don’t: A Guide for Counter-Terrorism Communication. During his landmark speech at Cairo University in Egypt in June 2009. the guide notes that. In 2008.” as that could “unintentionally legitimise” their tactics. Counterterrorism officials said the move to rewrite the security strategy is part of an effort to assure the Muslims that the United States does not link them with terrorism. The U. President Obama has attempted o seek reconciliation with the Muslim world. vs.S. National Security Strategy outlines major national security concerns and the methods to deal with them.S.S.S.44 IPRI Factfile by the previous administration to outline the Bush doctrine of pre-emptive war. Such documents are prepared periodically by the executive branch of the government for Congress. the guide suggests using words like totalitarian. the U. U.S. officials to “avoid labelling everything ‘Muslim. both terrorist and criminal.

April 9. A similar pattern was seen in Karachi in February this year when a bus carrying passengers to a Shia procession was hit first and then another explosion took place in the hospital . 2010. Anwar Iqbal. “Never use the terms ‘jihadist’ or ‘mujahideen’ … to describe the terrorists. http://www.” says the guide. officials can inadvertently help legitimise them in the eyes of Muslims. Dawn (Islamabad). many of whom live in makeshift shelters and lead a life of abject deprivation. Calling our enemies Jihadis and their movement a global Jihad unintentionally legitimises their actions.’ ‘sectarian cult. In Arabic. Think for a moment about the barbarity of this attack. a banned terrorist organisation which had also claimed responsibility for Friday’s suicide attack on a hospital in Quetta.’ and ‘violent cultists’ to describe the ideology and methodology of Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups. is a positive characterisation in the context of a just war. who disagree with extremism.’ ‘cult-like. adding.’” A longer document — “Terminology to Define the Terrorists: Recommendations from American Muslims” — says officials should use “terms such as ‘death cult. a holy warrior. In Quetta too the suicide bomber struck when the body of a prominent Shia man who was shot dead earlier in the day was brought to a hospital where mourners were present in large K OHAT K ILLINGS More than 40 people died near Kohat on Saturday when two suicide bombers blew themselves up among a crowd of internally displaced persons queuing up for food rations. The document urges officials to consider describing Al Qaeda’s ideology as “Takfirism” — the practice of declaring Muslims.dawn. “A mujahid. somehow found themselves on the hit list of the Lashkar-iJhangvi.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 45 By employing the language the extremists use about themselves. jihad means ‘striving in the path of God’ and is used in many contexts beyond warfare.” It recommends eschewing the terms Islamist or Islamism — the advocacy of a political system based on Islam – while referring to terrorist groups. “The best description of what (Al Qaeda) really want to create is a ‘global totalitarian state.” instructs the guide. apostates who can be killed.” The guide also bans the use of the word caliphate to describe Al Qaeda’s goal. The term “has positive connotations for Muslims. the second bomber waited until a crowd had gathered to help those injured by the first explosion. the guide warns. Warscarred IDPs. To maximise casualties.

The victims were mostly Jamaat-i-Islami supporters attending a rally. We are not sure of the JI’s views but its public reaction to every act of carnage makes it sound more and more like an apologist for those perpetrating this senseless violence. attacking hospitals and exploding bombs in busy bazaars can occur only to those who have lost all touch with humanity. Among other things. Matters have come to this pass in the erstwhile NWFP and the adjoining tribal areas as a consequence of the cowardly Musharraf regime’s duplicitous stance on the militants. In fact. they also said that the bombing was the result of government failure. have every right to oppose the military’s anti-terror operations. what is clear is the party’s flawed logic. April 20. at least seven civilians were killed in Kohat in another suicide attack which the Tehrik-i-Taliban claimed was aimed at security personnel. the Lashkar-i-Islam in Khyber Agency has twice asked the government to strike a peace deal. On Sunday. It is still not certain whether the target was the JI rally or a police contingent guarding it. 2010. While the Jamaat leaders reiterated their stance that they considered the U. a ‘terrorist state’. Editorial. They are still a fighting force but the myth of invincibility that once surrounded the militants has dissipated since the armed forces confronted them head-on in May 2009. Dawn (Islamabad). men and children. But what is bad form and poor politics is their failure to unequivocally condemn the continuing targeting of innocent women. such as the Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam and the Tehrik-i-Insaf. Taking on the army may be seen by some as a fair fight. Hitting soft targets and offers of negotiation are signs of weakness and on no account should the militants be accommodated in any way until they lay down arms. That was all. Since September last year. and called upon the provincial government to quit.dawn.S. Such tactics also betray the current desperation of the Taliban and their cohorts. Nevertheless. his handlers or even those orchestrating the violence. the recent attacks are further proof of the fact that the Taliban and militants from Punjab share a common cause. But the thought of killing refugees. The JI and other rightwing parties. The blame must equally fall on the then provincial government of .com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-library/dawn/thenewspaper/editorial/kohat-killings-040 S OFT ON M ILITANCY ? Monday's suicide bombing in Peshawar’s Qissa Khwani bazaar was an outrageous suicide attack that left some two dozen people dead and many more injured. they may be doing so in good faith. http://www.46 IPRI Factfile where the wounded were being treated. for it failed to utter a single word of condemnation against the bomber.

interestingly enough. it should not allow itself to be viewed as allied with those who push their agenda by indiscriminately killing innocent Pakistanis. presently living in camps or with relatives and friends in Bannu. in the anti-terror war in this region. How can the cowed and crestfallen people of Waziristan. Before the surfacing of reports about Hakeemullah’s death. opt to return to their areas when the top man responsible for their miseries is still alive and may appear at any moment to browbeat the innocent tribesmen all over again? In wars. The report about Hakeemullah being alive appeared at a time when the government and the security forces are pushing the displaced people from Waziristan. the JI still seems to strive for its aims within the ambit of the law and the democratic process i. through the ballot box. However. that perhaps forces the JI to keep quiet over terrorist activities of the sort witnessed in Peshawar. the name behind the worst-ever violence and unrest unleashed in Swat over the past more than two years. both by the public and in the media. Tank or other cities. the death of a leader means half the war is won. Editorial. Dawn (Islamabad) April 23. interestingly enough. about the whereabouts of another militant leader G ET THE M ILITANT L EADERSHIP In wars. we still believe that despite a perceived ideological affinity with the militants.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 47 which JI was a part. http://www.S. questions were raised from time to time. the death of a leader means half the war is won. Notwithstanding its many contradictions and lack of electoral support. The information is provided by the customary ‘unnamed sources’ in the ‘intelligence apparatus’ of Pakistan. spy plane in mid-January. in the anti-terror war in this region. the party needs to consider one fact. to return to their areas and help the security forces in the restoration of peace.e. the activities of the marauding militants as the latter expanded their influence.dawn. the leadership is intact despite the use of all air. Therefore. ground and intelligence resources against them A latest and somewhat stunning report carried by the British media says the dreaded Waziristan-based Taliban leader Hakeemullah Mehsud is alive. 2010. DI Khan. But. It was the same ‘unnamed intelligence sources’ quoted by all and sundry nearly more than three moths ago confirming the death of Hakeemullah Mehsud in a predator strike carried out by an unmanned U. It acquiesced in. who had tasted the bitter fruits of militancy on their land over the past few years. if not encouraged. the leadership is . But.

Leader of the Taliban in Bajaur. is still alive. However. Ayman al-Zawahiri.S. His second-in-command. he is also in touch with his shura members and taking key decisions while some fresh reports suggested that his Taliban had established shadow governments in several Afghan districts and provinces in the backdrop of the U. its provincial president Afrasiab Khattak also escaped a similar attack during a political meeting (February 2008). is yet to be declared dead. believed to be the mastermind of the 9/11 attacks and the main force behind the organisation’s operatives. Coming to the Taliban on the Pakistan side. while the Taliban leader in Mohmand Abdul Wali alias Omar Khalid is also there. leaders like Mangal Bagh in Bara and Tariq Afridi in Darra Adam Khel are also alive and kicking. while in fact. the security measures in place in cities. Leader of the Afghan Taliban and the one-time Amirul Momineen Mullah Muhammad Omar is still alive and issues directions to his fighters and supporters from undisclosed locations. This can be judged from the recent visit of President Asif Ali Zardari to Peshawar. the governor and chief minister of NWFP are restricted to their official residences while the leadership of the ruling Awami National Party (ANP) has now shifted its centre to Islamabad from Peshawar. senior minister Bashir Bilour has so far survived four attempts on his life. never ventured to step in there to show sympathy with the people being devastated by terrorist attacks. plan to start withdrawal of troops from the country next year. appear as if the government had gone on the defensive and the Taliban are on the offensive. the case should be the opposite. Al Qaeda top leader Osama bin Ladin. 2009. fearing terrorist attacks. is still alive and kicking. It is for this reason that the Taliban are gaining strength with each passing month despite the military operations while only common citizens are becoming the fuel of this anti-terror war being waged in the tribal areas and parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Besides. Besides. 2009. like Nawaz Sharif of PML-N and Shujaat Hussain of PML-Q. the people of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are thankful to Zardari for his visit as other leaders. Still. Maulvi Faqir Muhammad. In the same token. another . ANP’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly member Alamzeb Khan was killed in a bomb attack in Peshawar on February 11.48 IPRI Factfile intact despite the use of all air. To avert the Taliban attacks. particularly in Islamabad and Peshawar. one time deputy leader of TTP. Almost all Fazlullah’s key aides are also unscathed with at least four of them in government custody now. ground and intelligence resources against the militant and terrorist outfits since late 2001. who inaugurated the construction of 21 schools destroyed by the Taliban in Swat with the help of models of the schools at the fortified Governor’s House. one can easily assume that Fazlullah of Swat is alive and warning the locals of his return to the valley. the ANP has a reason for that: its president Asfandyar Wali Khan escaped a suicide attack at his house on October 2.

a large number of militants have fled to Kurram and neighbouring regions after the military launched a major operation in South Waziristan in October last year. happened despite claims of ‘successful action’ against the militants and the victories against them. it is something very alarming which must be looked into. Daud Khattak. it seems the situation would remain unchanged unless the top militant leadership is dismantled and effectively removed from the scene. Daily Times (Lahore). This is a very serious situation as hitherto relatively peaceful areas are becoming the hideouts of the armed criminals and if the situation was not checked. brother of NWFP Minister for Forests Wajid Ali Khan was shot dead in Mingora the same year while a brother and two nephews of another ANP MPA Waqar Khan were brutally murdered inside their house in Swat before the launch of the final stage of the operation there. We are of the firm opinion that there is dire need to check the rising militancy in tribal agencies and adjoining districts otherwise the country would be witnessing the repeat of situation in Swat. Malakand and Buner. All these incidents. para military forces and police in all the agencies and adjoining settled districts of the NWFP. May 4. Judging from the past few years. There is large scale deployment of army. 2010.asp?page=2010\05\04\story_4-5-2010_pg3_6 T HE R ISING M ILITANCY Inspite of operations of all sorts and many initiatives the fact remains that militancy is on the rise and militants are roaming and acting freely all around. 2010.asp?id=31397 .dailytimes. The latest incident of kidnapping of 64 persons in Hangu must be an eye opener for those who are claiming that the militants are on the run.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 49 ANP MPA Shamsher Ali Khan was killed in a suicide attack at his house in Swat on December 1. 2009. Pakistan observer (Islamabad). Militants intercepted ten vehicles on Saturday on the boundary of Kurram Agency and Hangu district including two trailers of Tribal Electricity Supply Company heading for Peshawar and took into custody WAPDA officials. One of the trailers of the power company was also set on fire. According to reports. it would deteriorate and go out of control. Despite that level of security if the militants are indulging in kidnappings and killings at will. they kill the hostages. along with many others. May 17. They are now indulging in acts of kidnapping for ransom and if their demands are not accepted.

economic and social. the Internet is nowadays also a very effective weapon for the Pakistani and Afghan Taliban. the Afghan Taliban considered videos and pictures impermissible.. and its international allies. To see this fact. we should observe the tactics of Aitzaz Ahsan and Babar Awan of the PPP. State writ is non-existent on both sides of the Durand Line. Local environments definitely affect the behaviour of all national. It is difficult to tell friend from foe. an effective weapon for the Tehrik-eTaliban Pakistan (TTP) and the Afghan Taliban. are committed to fighting for this chosen cause as they consider it the only way to deliverance. as an act of faith. the TTP and the Afghan Taliban. Similarly. strategic. Dr . and the Iranian and Russian agencies are active in the area. Mossad. some of the militants would be fighting. Inside Al Qaeda and the TTP. The same difference is also evident in the tactics and preferences of Mullah Omar. knowingly or unknowingly. The Afghan Taliban and their Pakistani counterparts also needed Al Qaeda. but lobby against it in Sindh. They demand that if fighting Soviet allies Babrak Karmal. In this situation. was transferred to them by Al Qaeda. political and religious parties. They consider fighting the U.S. but now they consider it a very important medium to relay their messages. This is a multi-pronged issue. which needs a wholesome response. As such. Tactics and preferences may differ even among members of a single party. This was also introduced by Al Qaeda. Therefore. But not only ideology. for the objectives of these agencies. extremist elements have now taken over the reins. And the same differences can also be seen in the activities of Al Qaeda. the shared concept of jihad and Shariah. Previously. The difference is: Al Qaeda has been interested in taking on the U. The issue is religious as well as political.50 IPRI Factfile M ILITANCY : R EALISM N EEDED Military operations are not the solution. Certainly. Persistent instability and disturbance have turned this region into a centre for proxy wars among international and regional powers. The method of suicide bombings. but a clear majority of these people consisted of individuals who. by ignoring Al Qaeda we can neither think of reconciliation with militants nor solve the issue of militancy. they also fight against common enemies. where proxy wars among secret services are in full swing. RAW. the Afghan Taliban have restricted their activities to Afghanistan while the majority of TTP members have a declared policy of "Pakistan first. apart from Pakistani agencies. along with its Muslim allies. under their ideology.S. the CIA. Hakeemullah Mehsud and Osama bin Laden. Al Qaeda is on the driving seat." Al Qaeda needs the help of the Afghan Taliban in Afghanistan and the TTP in Pakistan. Our political and religious parties support the issue of Kalabagh Dam in Punjab. Therefore we need to find out a multi-pronged political and reconciliatory process.

Otherwise. 2010. we took to find new pretences. Therefore. By changing the contours and basic approaches of internal and external policies. ally Hamid Karzai. some of the Pakistani Taliban are intent not on fighting with Pakistan. whatever is decided for one of these partners should also be extended to the other one. agent. but now they think that everyone who opposes them is permitted to be killed. it was claimed that there were no foreigners in the tribal areas. Now confusion is being created against the TTP and Hakeemullah Mehsud and their threats are called brags. the TTP's strength is the strength of Al Qaeda. Apart from the Mehsud group.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 51 Najeebullah and their Muslim Afghan supporters was a jihad. Saleem Safi. is also taking root. all jihadi and sectarian militants (the Punjabi Taliban) who had flocked to the tribal areas and are now returning to their hometowns have been infected with the Al Qaeda approach. Their capabilities are questioned. In the beginning. And under this very approach. new literature in different languages is being prepared and distributed. It was propagated that Baitullah Mehsud was a U.S. drone attacks we left the field. The policy of reconciliation in one area and a military operation in another. fighting against one group and reconciliation with another is destined to destroy us. Good wishes for the Afghan Taliban's victory will leave us unable to dismantle the TTP in Pakistan. http://www. the element of revenge is also becoming visible. As compared to the Afghan Taliban.thenews. Al Qaeda has a greater impact on these individuals. Just like the Afghan Taliban. and other Muslim leaders. we should be ready for dire consequences. But proved wrong on this count. If power is used against Al Qaeda.S. In fact. we cannot hope for reconciliation with the TTP or the Afghan Taliban. The same is also true for Al Qaeda and the Afghan Taliban.S. May 18. but when targeted in U. can we afford any underestimation of their capabilities? The suicide bomber's video film with Hakeemuallah Mehsud before setting off on the Khost mission is a clear evidence of close relations between the TTP and Al Qaeda. Along with this then how come the current fight against U. News International (Rawalpindi). and vice versa. but the majority of them now accede to the Al Qaeda approach.asp?id=239855 .com.S. Previously. we should find an inclusive political solution. they only targeted government employees and army personnel. But after humiliating Americans by targeting the CIA station in Khost through an Arab suicide bomber. They think the Pakistani state has betrayed them. is not holy war? Now the new thinking of first taking on Arab countries and Pakistan before attacking the U.

it’s a wretched picture. What have the Punjab police done to improve their operation procedures to respond to an attack? Yesterday. The reference . Simply dismissing or suspending officers is obviously not enough. so surely more security was warranted for houses of prayer. and in any case due process needs to be followed. This should have in any case put the authorities on a heightened state of alert. Poor security has plagued the city for a couple of years now. reports from Lahore suggest that banners denouncing religions other than Islam had appeared in parts of the city recently.dawn.52 IPRI Factfile T ERROR IN L AHORE Yet another attack in Lahore has killed scores of people and left over 100 T ERRORISM & THE E CONOMY The latest incident of attempted terrorism in the United States which has links with Pakistan has administered another blow to our economy. Editorial. angry scenes at the assault sites were reminiscent of previous attacks in Lahore — ordinary. But the police seem immune. More generally. why is it that nothing ever seems to come of the arrests made. especially at sites known to be targets? The Ahmadi community was commemorating the death anniversary of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad earlier this week. summary dismissals and major reshuffles in most other departments of the Punjab government. of the gunmen themselves but also their accomplices? Convictions secured in anti-terrorism courts are often overturned on appeal by the superior judiciary. The same grim questions arise. http://www. present and future. The real question is: why this lax attitude towards the one department. other times statements are recorded improperly. helpless people unable to understand why they the victims were left at the mercy of militants. despite their poor track record. If television crews can reach the scene of an attack before police reinforcements. what does that say about the administration’s state of preparedness? There have been wholesale changes. the Punjab government — though this isn’t a problem confined to just this province — needs to at least provide some justice and closure to the victims and their families. 2010. the police. May 29. Sometimes it’s the evidence that isn’t collected with care. Why were the attackers able to enter the premises so easily. Surely. Anyway you look at it. past. that is responsible for protecting the lives and property of the citizens of Lahore? Finally. Dawn (Islamabad).

As if to underscore the Pakistani involvement in international terrorism. The third reminder of terrorism’s links with Pakistan came when another U. The assault was launched by a group trained by a terrorist organisation in Pakistan. who attempted to detonate a bomb in Manhattan’s Times Square. prompting India. was taken into custody in Chicago for planning the Mumbai attack. 2008. Of the many types of flows Pakistan . There was pressure on President Barack Obama to act before it was too late. The terrorist had given a statement to the authorities saying he was trained by members of the Lashkari-Taiba.S.” What is the connection between the perception that Pakistan has become the centre of international terrorism and the country’s economic recovery? The most important link is via Pakistan’s dependence on external capital flows for its economic survival. But Pakistan’s counter-terrorism strategy. a widely watched TV news programme. the repercussions for Pakistan would have been grim. including murder and waging war against India. a Pakistani group designated as a terrorist organisation by both the United States and the United Nations.” Fareed Zakaria in a cover story for Newsweek described Pakistan as a terrorist supermarket. Had it taken its intended toll.S. the lone survivor of the deadly assault on Mumbai on Nov 27. resident of Pakistani origin. This is the link that Ahmed Rashid makes in a recent article contributed to the pages of The Washington Post where he says that North Waziristan. David Coleman Headley. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told 60 Minutes. is now coming apart at the seams — all because of North Waziristan. Kasab was earlier found guilty on most of the 86 charges brought against him. There could be a reduction in the quantum of aid flows to the county if a terrorist attack is seen to be connected to Pakistan. The bomb did not go off. homeland come from the Pakistan-Afghanistan border region. according to one analyst. which is a great relief not only for the United States but also Pakistan. Newspapers quoted a senior official of the Clinton administration saying the “the Times Square attempt has reminded Americans that most of the threats to the U. one of the seven tribal agencies located in the area that borders Afghanistan. a 30-year-old American citizen of Pakistani origin. It would have set back the prospects for an economic recovery by years.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 53 here of course is to the attempt by Faisal Shahzad. “to repeat that extremists living in the territory of its neighbour are exporting militancy”. an Indian court sentenced to death 22-year-old Mohammad Ajmal Kasab. that there will be “grim consequences” if damage was done by an attack that had links with Pakistan. has become “the hub of so many terrorist groups and so much terrorist plotting and planning that neither the CIA nor the ISI seems to have much clue as to what is going on there…. which has been extensively praised by American generals.

Statements by senior policymakers — and there have been many of those in recent months — indicating Pakistan’s resolve to deal with the threat of terrorism don’t constitute a strategy. fully and without reservations. The other important move by the state is to make it clear that breaking the law of the land will not be tolerated. social. Politicians normally take the path of least resistance and some of these measures may be hard to adopt and implement. to collect funds for their operations. Terrorism has not been brought under control.dawn. 2010. The suggested links to Pakistan will not help with foreign private flows and continued assistance by the U. at least three would be seriously affected by the growing apprehension that most acts of terrorism — those that have been carried out and those that have been attempted but were thwarted — originate in Pakistan. Organisations must not be allowed to operate training camps for militant activities. could be affected as those sending money become extremely cautious about the possibility of being questioned by the authorities in America. once formulated. religious. political. While it is true that Pakistan has anti-terrorism laws on the books and courts to enforce them. Even remittances sent by Pakistanis living and working in the . Such a strategy should be developed by a group that has a multidisciplinary background: a group that can view the phenomenon of terrorism from many different angles — economic. government.54 IPRI Factfile depends on. It should have the full backing of the political classes who should be called upon to endorse the strategy. further isolation would do it enormous damage. Dawn (Islamabad). and educating the youth about their responsibility towards the state and the citizenry. Pakistan is very isolated these days. What should Islamabad do to address this issue and to give the signal that it takes very seriously the use of its territory for the launch of any form of terrorist activity on foreign soil? The first thing that needs to be done is to develop a comprehensive strategy aimed at addressing the problem posed by the county’s real and perceived links with acts of terrorism. how the legal and judicial system will work to ensure that those who violate the law of the land will be expeditiously dealt with. http://www. A strategy has to include a number of elements: a precise definition of what constitutes a terrorist attack and what are the punishments meted out if these acts are committed. they have done little to implement them. to run schools that don’t have proper accreditation and to use mosques to propagate outlandish beliefs. But the alternative is the country’s destabilisation and further marginalisation in the global community. Shahid Javed Burki.S. no matter who commits the crime.S. June 1.

Equally important is the acknowledgment that the enemy lies within. But the silence in all this of many religiopolitical parties has often been deafening. Also.dawn. If anything. The battle lines have been drawn and should be unmistakable to anyone with foresight and a grasp of the reality on the ground. let’s move beyond the myth that ‘terrorists have no religion’. a land where the opinion of the religious right can mentor public thought. http://www. Their target is not just people of liberal bent or the vast majority that abides by the motto of live and let live. it seems that the affront was much too monstrous to stomach for even those who might share certain ideological links with the insurgents whose mission it is to destabilise Pakistan. Ultimately they wish to unravel the fabric of society and disempower all those who stand by democratic values. This is significant in a country as conservative as Pakistan. The insurgents operating under the umbrella of the Taliban — it doesn’t matter if they are Punjabis or from the northwest frontier — are looking to dismantle a belief system. Mindsets have to change here and our religious scholars should go even further to stress that no person or community is ‘worthy of death’ simply because their beliefs differ from those who cannot tolerate divergence of opinion. in our context suicide bombers have been brainwashed into believing that they are more devout than the peaceful majority. 2010. however. This may be the time for our religio-political parties to ponder a key point. Editorial.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 55 S EARCH FOR S OUL Perhaps the only faintest ray of hope one can find in the aftermath of the Data Darbar tragedy is the near-universal condemnation of the attack. The Data Darbar massacre has been condemned by people who do not approve of drone attacks or Pakistan’s partnership with the U. July 4. When a leading religious figure says that suicide bombings are unacceptable in Islam — without any qualifiers — we might be taking a step in the right . a defining moment as it were. Pointing to ‘hidden hands’ or foreign forces bent on creating havoc in Pakistan may be convenient for officialdom but does not address root causes. so much so that it has led to speculation that they might tacitly approve of such tactics. Major political parties and civil society groups have always been in the forefront when it comes to remonstration against suicide bombings and other acts of terrorism. in the fight against Taliban-inspired militancy. This time round. Dawn (Islamabad).S. Let there be no doubt: the problem is homegrown. And that group includes the religious parties who contest elections and attempt to contribute to social welfare.

briefed newsmen at the Prime Minister’s Secretariat -. However. according to him. was specially invited to the meeting. embassy. were playing havoc with people’s lives. .56 IPRI Factfile P ROVINCES B ACK E FFORTS TO C OMBAT T ERROR Expressing concern over the fresh wave of terrorism in Punjab. In reply to a question. The meeting. no tentative date for the conference was given by Information Minister Qamar Zaman Kaira who. He came down hard on the Punjab law minister for ‘inaction’ against the proscribed organisations. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Information Minister Iftikhar Hussain attended the meeting in place of the chief minister. Mufti Munib-ur-Rahman.the law and order situation in the aftermath of Thursday’s attacks on Data Darbar. a high-level meeting presided over by Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani and attended by chief ministers of three provinces and Gilgit-Baltistan supported the call for a national conference of all political parties to discuss ways of combating militancy in the country.S. the interior minister said he could not give a definite answer as to who was involved in the Data Darbar massacre till the completion of inquiry. He criticised both the federal and provincial governments for failing to put their act together in dealing with the banned outfits which. The prime minister accepted a proposal made by PML-N chief Nawaz Sharif on Saturday to convene the conference to hammer out an improved strategy to combat terrorism. Because of a late start by one hour. According to insiders. along with Interior Minister Rehman Malik.the venue of the meeting. also decided to introduce a fresh anti-terror law in the coming session of parliament to strengthen the judiciary in dealing with cases of terrorism. but added that every act of terror in Punjab did have a link with Lashkar-i-Jhangvi or Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan. chief of Tanzimul Madaris. provincial chief secretaries and IGs. an expected one-to-one meeting between the prime minister and Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif could not take place as the former had to attend an independence day function at the U. The meeting had a one-point agenda -. heads of intelligence and security agencies. also attended by the AJK prime minister. Mufti Munib held the interior ministry and the Punjab government responsible for incidents of terrorism. The meeting unanimously decided to stop forthwith activities of leaders of the banned organisations which are accused of having links with terrorist groups operating in Fata.

S.TERRORISM M OVE After the rout of the Taliban by U. July 6. The interior minister said that all religious seminaries had signed a document as a basis for the proposed reforms. adequate quantum of men and material. In his opening remarks. The participants agreed to accelerate work on Madressah reforms. 2010. It will work as a think-tank and assist the government in pre-empting incidents of terrorism. When Pakistani forces entered Fata in 2004 without proper planning. Dawn (Islamabad). . including southern Punjab.dawn. which would be launched soon.-led coalition forces. Mr Gilani directed all security and intelligence agencies to redouble their efforts and share information with each other to defeat terrorists.” Mr Malik said in reply to a question. saying he would meet him in a couple of days to discuss ways and means to pre-empt terror attacks. destroying schools and hospitals and desecrating mosques and shrines. with religious sentiments against the occupation of Afghanistan and with the local heritage of spurning laws that are not essentially tribal in nature. Poverty-stricken southern Punjab provided an additional source of recruits for the existing cells of disparate religious militants throughout the country. elements of AlQaeda found a safe haven in the no-go Fata territory (with the restrictions imposed by the government). “No military operation is being launched anywhere. the prime minister said that all major political parties. and whatever action is needed it will be decided by the government of Punjab. and without training for counter insurgency (COIN) operations. The meeting also discussed a recent proposal made by the Parliamentary Committee on National Security for a change in national strategy for combating terrorism and decided to look into its recommendations. Mr Malik denied that there was any acrimony between him and the Punjab chief minister. Al-Qaeda—which till then had focused most of its violence on Afghanistan and places elsewhere in the world—had the infrastructure in place to target the Pakistani heartland with a vengeance. whether in parliament or outside. With plenty of cash from the foreigners. and began to operate at will on both sides of the Durand Line. http://www. He appealed to the nation to unite against forces killing innocent citizens. Wana became an ideal recruiting ground from among the youth of the A G OOD A NTI . Ahmad Hassan.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 57 The meeting asked the interior ministry to set up a special cell at the National Anti-Terrorism Authority. would be invited to the national conference to work out an improved strategy against terrorists.

and that too without conviction. “A Pakistan Surge. (Special Operations Command). the terrorists continue to have a remarkable capacity for mayhem and murder within Pakistan. is pointless. Shia. whose funding is authorised directly by Congress. We do not have the capacity or the capability within the civilian law enforcement agencies (LEAs) to counter terrorism. Terrorists have no faith and/or ethnicity.” Use of the army is counterproductive: alienating the population they will lose the goodwill gained through great sacrifice. Another hard fact has to be drummed into our ruling elite.. etc. 2010. My article.” . Rhetoric alone and chest-beating.S. etc.” like the recent atrocity on the Data Ganj Baksh Darbar seems to have woken up our public representatives from their apathy towards a major problem.S. since it won’t save previous human lives. The excellent initiative of the government of establishing the National Counter Terrorism Authority (NCTA) lay mostly dormant till the recent Lahore incident. and the capability to strike at a place and time of their own choosing. After 9/11. the UK (SAS) France (CIGN). The ANF’s existing structure could be used as the nucleus for the CTF. To its credit the government has now “activated” NCTA to cope with the danger. have trained and equipped units specialising in handling immediate threats. “countering insurgency is far different from countering terrorism. Congress expanded DoD authority to use CN funds for counterterrorism purposes. This entity should be under the direct control of the NCTA. They cannot be branded as Punjabi. the U. Pathan. material and training.58 IPRI Factfile Notwithstanding the successful COIN operations by the Pakistani army (and the PAF) for the past year. To quote my article of Feb 18. Department of Defence (DoD) has an office called SOLIC (Special Operation and Low Intensity Conflict) created in the 1980s. Dedicated and concentrated effort by a well equipped. Within SOLIC there is an office called CN (Counter Narcotics). justified by the interplay between terrorist and insurgent groups and their fundraising from narcotics trafficking. Sunni. The U. 2010. officered both by the army and the police.” of March 25. noted: “The U.S. Using their available capabilities in personnel and training matched with technology. Even more pathetic is the use of the bogey of terrorism for political point-scoring. well-trained and well-led force will be required to destroy the terrorists’ potential to spread harm and grief. Well-coordinated terrorist attacks targeting Lahore include “suicide bombings. must be developed on the pattern of the tremendously successful Anti-Narcotics Force (ANF) that has almost eliminated poppy cultivation and drug smuggling. A Counter-Terrorism Force (CTF) in Pakistan. can help with funds. not only macabre and demeaning but condemnable. Why should anyone use the innocent people killed and injured for political gamesmanship? Whoever incites hatred and ethnic/sectarian violence must be indicted and prosecuted.

and (4) likelihood of incidents. sea. While the proposed NCTA “think tank” is an excellent idea. Next. Among the required capabilities are to: (1) detect people organised in terrorist activity. electronic solutions and the need for specialised equipment. (2) rating of current status/quality/ability. Most importantly.g. (2) detect the sources of supply of explosive materials: the terrorists have to procure it from somewhere. utilising both human and electronic intelligence. multinational companies. Besides draining the country of its precious foreign exchange reserves. (3) training standards. while simultaneously monitoring their movements. This uncoordinated “bits and pieces” effort affects security service delivery across a broad spectrum of likely targets: e. and (6) use both electronic and physical means to guard the country’s frontiers. With many of our urban areas vulnerable.. (3) mobilise the defence capability to recognise and counter specific threats. (2) the emergency and other plans and procedures. Tariq Pervez. the detailed recommendation must include: (1) the specific stakeholder/security authority. (5) focus on air. Till now he was powerless to implement a coordinated strategy. the diplomatic corps. Those connected directly to the perpetrators and those who indirectly give sustenance must be targeted. All foreign . Notwithstanding the fact that law and order is a provincial subject. The NCTA must identify the most dangerous threats and likely targets thereof. terrorist funding comes through foreign exchange dealers and “havalas. manpower needs and training. (3) recommendations must not be limited to organisational restructuring. The future state of security alertness must be defined next. involving monitoring and observation of thousands of miles of our borders.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 59 Counterterrorism being the top priority of the nation and a full-time task. credited with turning the FIA around who has been re-employed as chairman of the NCTA. can possibly craft policy and make assessments if he is not inhibited by lack of cooperation and funds. The NCTA’s risk assessment process should analyse and define: (1) Related risks. including funds ostensibly meant for charity. the NCTA (and the CTF) should be under a separate federal ministry working in close cooperation with both the ministries of defence and interior. rail and road travel as potential terror targets. and (4) other security measures used by the authorities. (3) risk impact. various agencies presently conduct their own assessments and plan their operations without effectiveness. it should examine the current ability of the security authorities/stakeholders to include: (1) the organisational structures responsible to coordinate and deal with security and security-related incidents. (2) risk-related incidents. one city can be selected as a model for a realistic exercise.”. terrorism is a federal problem. External sources and expertise must be tapped without further delay. (4) mobilise adequate and coordinated intelligence capability. expatriates and the public in general. and (4) priorities must be spelt out.

The civilised world still has illusions that it is possible to enforce the rule of law in a totally lawless environment. but it is time to bring the unthinkable into the statute books.60 IPRI Factfile exchange must be processed through scheduled banks to stop the flow. . News International (Rawalpindi). The denial issue is linked to another problem. They are not prepared to accept that Punjab has become a sanctuary for Islamic extremist groups and others that want to destabilise the state and society. All religious groups. security authorities and the political class to articulate a coherent and effective response to religious extremism and terrorism. Does International law address killers shooting into hospitals. irrespective of their denominational identity and political parties.thenews. Rhetoric must now be translated into No country has a law against cannibals eating citizens because such an act would be unthinkable. Public opinion is mobilised against the threat of terrorism. The Punjab government does not want to acknowledge what most political analysts and the media people know. The Punjab government and the PML-N live in a state of denial. Some of them even have access to official circles. Ikram Sehgal. After years of vacillation our ulema belatedly seem united against this cancerous menace. http://www. most suicide bombers or violent attackers used to come from the tribal areas and the local militant groups acted as their There is a lot of confusion on what constitutes terrorism and what are its sources.asp?id=249438 T ERRORISM AND R ELIGIOUS I DENTITIES In the past. 2010. local groups have developed skills to undertake such actions on their own The terrorist attack on the Data Darbar shrine in Lahore on July 1 underlined the growing threat of terrorism in urban centres and exposed the confused state of mind of the political class on terrorism and deficiencies in the capacity of the civilian administration to cope with it. Two basic problems have made it extremely difficult for official civilian circles. This does not fit into their idealised notion of religion and a highly polarised worldview tainted by religious orthodoxy that interprets every domestic and foreign development as part of a grand global design to undermine Islam and Muslims. July 8. mosques and society? The punishment for so-called “suicide bombings” and/or abetting such an atrocity should be death. Many members of the political class and ordinary Pakistanis are not prepared to admit that religious extremism and militancy are indigenous problems. Now.: that the leaders of banned religious groups freely function in Punjab. Those who incite ethnic and/or sectarian violence should also receive the death penalty. organising their loyalists and enjoying open access to the media.

One implication of this statement is that such acts must have been conducted by nonMuslims. Various U. they are fighting against foreign presence in the region. PML-N chief Nawaz Sharif condemns terrorism and the loss of life but avoids criticising any particular militant group for terrorism. rather than militant Islamic organisations. He attributed the latest attack in Lahore to the policies of General Pervez Musharraf as well as to the foreign • • • • • • . Now. engage in such activities to destabilise Pakistan.S. Suicide attacks or bombings are a reaction to Pakistan’s involvement in U. drone attacks. If U.S. subscribe to Deobandi. which does not serve Pakistan’s interests.S. The strict followers of these Islamic traditions often condone their activities or avoid public criticism. Some reluctance to condemn them can be attributed to religious-denominational commonalities of some people with hardline Islamic groups. including suicide bombings. The well-known explanation of terrorism in Punjab can be summed up as follows: • A Muslim cannot engage in terrorism targeting ordinary people.S.-led efforts to eliminate trans-national terrorism. The paid agents of Pakistan’s foreign adversaries. Wahabi-Salafi and Ahle-Hadees Islamic traditions.S. and other western countries to take control of Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal. military activity in Pakistan. places of worship and shrines.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 61 condemn terrorist incidents. However. often described as the jihadis. The most common explanations of various terrorist attacks in Lahore over the last six months offer an interesting overview of the failure to accept the reality that the current spate of terrorism is primarily domestic. terrorism will stop. agencies working in Pakistan and Afghanistan resort to terrorism or buy off people for terrorism to destabilise Pakistan and thus create a justification for the U. most of them are not prepared to condemn a specific group for such activities and they offer excuses and explanations to dilute the charge of terrorism against militant Islamic groups. Almost all militant groups using violence in Afghanistan and Pakistan. In the past. The Taliban and other militants are not anti-Pakistan. troops withdraw from Afghanistan and there is no U. These incidents are a reaction to Pakistan’s military action in the tribal areas and U. most suicide bombers or violent attackers used to come from the tribal areas and the local militant groups acted as their facilitators. local groups have developed skills to undertake such actions on their own.S.

Most militant and sectarian groups that were banned are now functioning freely under new names. Some of these groups are quite old and well known. Later. They share most of the perspective on terrorism outlined above and want to establish an Islamic order as articulated by them. The policy of denial faced a challenge from the conglomerate of Barelvi Islamic groups who threatened to launch street agitation if the government did not take action against the group that attacked the Lahore shrine.asp?page=2010\07\11\story_11-72010_pg3_2 . Such acts cannot be condoned or explained away on the basis of any religious or political doctrine or regional and international political development. This Barelvi activism may impel the Punjab government to take action against hardline and sectarian Islamic groups. Daily Times (Lahore). they were not publicly critical of Islamic militancy. They will have to rise above religious-sectarian or narrow partisan political considerations and articulate the meanings of terrorism in the context of the Pakistani state and its constitution and Various Shia groups support their demands. the public processions taken out by various organisations to celebrate the birth anniversary of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) were attacked by diehard young Deobandi groups in at least two cities. Terrorism should be articulated as any action. Barelvi groups also represent religious orthodoxy and they question Pakistan’s current foreign and security policies. The Barelvi groups became active against the militants subscribing to Deobandi and Wahabi Islamic traditions after the assassination of Maulana Sarfaraz Naeemi in June 2009 in Lahore. although they did not participate in it. planned or executed.62 IPRI Factfile policy of the current PPP government. kidnapping or injuring them or damaging property. July 11. If religious extremism and terrorism are to be eliminated. However. Dr Hasan-Askari. There are now new groups that are said to have broken off from existing militant and sectarian groups. that involves the use or threat of violence in a planned and systematic manner to intimidate the people. dating back to the Musharraf days and Pakistan’s active role in the ongoing global effort to control terrorism.. Pakistan’s official and societal circles will have to discard the Islamic orthodoxy discourse on issues and problems. After all. they found themselves under pressure from various Deobandi groups in Karachi.S. Until the Barelvi religious interests were not directly hit. All political analysts agree that Punjab has become the new centre for militant groups. killing. He did not elaborate if he was talking about Pakistan’s cooperation with the U. http://www. For the first time this year. Barelvi activism is not necessarily a positive development.

1960. Adequate legal safeguards must be provided so that there is no danger of mistreatment of innocents (or even the guilty for that matter). … Editorial. but some innocents can also be roped in on terror charges and left to the tender mercies of our police. Section 3 (MPO-3). if passed. illegal FM stations being used for hatemongering would be seized. it is necessary that the arrested person should have immediate and continuing access to a defence lawyer. The amended bill. 2010.asp?page=2010\07\29\story_29-72010_pg3_1 . The proposed bill aims at tightening the noose around terrorists in view of the terror wave that has gripped the country in recent years. Fortunately. Under the Maintenance of Public Order Ordinance. a person can be detained for 90 days and the period can be extended at least twice if he/she is suspected of acting in a manner that poses a threat to public safety. our leaders have realised the urgency of the issue and have tabled the bill instead. The Ordinance had lapsed last month due to the government’s negligence. To ensure this.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 63 Q UELLING T ERRORISM The Anti-Terrorism (Amendment) Bill 2010 was tabled in the Senate by Interior Minister Rehman Malik to amend the Anti-Terrorism Act 1997. which should be looked at by the standing committee that will scrutinise the draft. All these are good steps but there are certain lacunae in the proposed arms licences that had been issued to terror groups would be cancelled. bail would be denied to terror suspects. among other things. anyone possessing an explosive substance could be arrested. How is the new clause of detaining someone for 90 days in the proposed bill different from MPO-3? Do we need two co-existing laws for preventive detention? Another thing that this bill proposes is that the suspect would be produced before an anti-terrorist court in-camera within 24 hours (instead of a magistrate under normal procedures). members of banned terrorist outfits would not be allowed to carry on their activities under some other banner. and not be able to obtain passports or travel abroad. http://www. July 29. Daily Times (Lahore). will empower the government to detain suspects charged with terrorism to be kept in preventive detention for 90 days and this detention will not be challengeable in any court. a confessional statement before a district police officer (DPO) will be admissible as evidence. Can a ‘confessional’ statement be relied upon when we know of the torture culture that prevails in our police set up? The terrorists are most certainly a species apart and not worthy of any mercy.

whom he wanted to leave the Fata region that had earned him hostility of rival Mehsud leadership. the Darra Adamkhel bombing has been owned by the Taliban who claimed that the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) has avenged the killing of two students of a seminary by the victims.64 IPRI Factfile T ERRORIST A TTACKS On this Monday also. one fails to comprehend the nature of militancy in Pakistan. However. triggered a landmine killing seven participants of a meeting of tribal elders in Kurram Agency and exploded an improvised explosive device (IED) near Darra Adamkhel taking the life of three members of an antiTaliban force. That the killing spree should go on uninterrupted even during the holy month of Ramazan. Certainly. But it was his dislike for the Uzbek inhabitants of the area. The tribal region of Pakistan is much more than the so-called safe haven for the Taliban and al Qaeda. nor his spirit seems to have mellowed by the sanctity of Ramazan. Taliban are at war with the security forces and the U. Among the victims of mosque-cum-seminary in Wana. a former member of parliament and a ranking leader of Wazir tribe. it has to be targeted not by bullet alone. Naturally.S. probably because it was consequent to a dispute over the ownership of a school. But he was better known for his mediatory skills and had had successfully brokered a number of standstill and peace accords between the government and the Taliban. Before it explodes into something more disastrous it is imperative that . Given the generally inadequate medical facilities available in these places the death toll is likely to rise. the principal town of South Waziristan. Who is killing whom and why the question becomes all the more difficult to answer if you factor in three missile attacks launched by the CIA. the merchants of death were busy as usual. sectarian leaders are out to eliminate rivals. While the tribals fight for turf. which killed 16. including many women and children. All four attacks tend to tell four different stories with not much common between them excepting the hard reality that the tribal area of Pakistan has become one vast jungle where there is no law except the law of jungle. Who sent to him the teenaged suicide-bomber no one has claimed responsibility as yet. They bombed a mosque-cum-seminary in South Waziristan killing 36 and injuring many more. the one behind this murderous attack has no respect for the mosque. that the perpetrators' hearts should be shorn of any compassion for human life at the time of colossal national tragedy brought about by unprecedented flooding in the country. almost at the same time. The responsibility for the explosion in Kurram Agency also remains unclaimed. was Maulana Noor Muhammad.-led antiterrorism coalition is busy carrying out person-specific assassinations with missiles fired from unmanned drones.

dawn. Editorial. Dawn (Islamabad) September 5. Besides. http://www. Karachi and elsewhere. It is a pity that the police department for instance.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 65 government revisits its policy towards Fata. What to do now. Two days earlier. is still lacking modern equipment like the cell phone tracking system which could come in . simply because they hate minorities and consider them worthy of death. Take Friday’s carnage in Quetta where nearly 60 were killed by a suicide bomber. 2010. A procession was taken out to condemn Israeli atrocities and mark Al Quds day.php?id=1095715&currPageNo=1&query=&search =&term=&supDate= Q UETTA A TTACK It is near impossible to comprehend the level of hatred that rules the minds of people who are terrorising Pakistan today. Business Recorder (Islamabad). the streets of Lahore were awash with blood when suicide bombers attacked a Youm-i-Ali congregation. essentially to consider bringing it into the national mainstream. Clearly. women or men. http://www. cashing in on the inherent sociological strength of the tribal people. August L AKKI M ARWAT B LAST The deadly suicide hit targeting a police station in Lakki Marwat that killed 19 innocent people. any exercise to this effect has to be different from what has been done so far. … Editorial. Responsibility in both cases was claimed by groups that like to portray themselves as champions of Islam but have no qualms about massacring practising Muslims in Lahore. a cause that ought to be common to Muslims of all schools of thought. Ahmadis too are being attacked with increasing frequency by extremists who claim to hold the moral high ground but are seen as terrorists by all right-thinking be they children. They will kill Shias. following the string of blasts in Lahore and Quetta. in the Iranian tradition. a security official’s statement that 500kg of explosives were used in the attack bears testimony to the fact that there is invariably a large supply of illegal explosives and weapons available to lawless elements turned into brainwashed suicide bombers. Quetta. always been in the forefront of commemorating this particular occasion. 2010. A fresh approach is required. But it was still fair game for sectarian terrorists because the Shia community has. including schoolchildren on Monday.brecorder. the law enforcement agencies have been unable to control the scourge. shows the degree of freedom with which the terrorists are targeting the citizenry.

It is high time that the policy of pursuing a negotiated settlement of the conflict was given precedence over use of force. is evidence of RAW’s involvement and even other external forces fishing in our troubled waters. After four consecutive violations of Pakistan’s airspace by NATO helicopters including attack on a check post killing three security personnel have strained Pak-U. which led to the killing of Pakistani security personnel and NATO has apologized over it yet it appears that the coming weeks and months would be very difficult for Pakistan. military is secretly diverting more drones and weaponry from Afghanistan and deploying along Pakistan border are very disturbing and could lead to escalation of tension between the two countries.S. A joint investigation is under way about the circumstances. U. We should be ready for more drone attacks because President Obama would like to see results for additional deployment of 30.S. is mainly to be blamed for the sorry state of affairs. 2010. relations and in retaliation Torkham crossing was closed for NATO supply containers. newspaper Wall Street Journal quoting unnamed U. Nation (Islamabad). They do not have to worry about bringing the weapons along. Editorial. of course. troops in Afghanistan by the middle of next year. http://www. There. Though Chamman crossing is still open for supplies to the occupation forces in Afghanistan yet closure of Torkham route will adversely affect the food and military supplies to NATO troops. But while there is absolutely no doubt that security forces have to put their house in order.nation. It is doubtful that the bombers creating mayhem in society during the holy month of Ramazan are Muslims. it is essential that the political and . the fact remains that the proxy war we are fighting on behalf of the U.000 U.S. It is simply nonsensical to assume that the military operation in the tribal areas or for that matter indiscriminate bombing by the drones would not create a backlash. Another big failure is their inability to locate the networks behind these barbaric acts and their sources of funding. they have been sneaking into the major cities unarmed. Keeping in view the developing D EPLOYMENT OF M ORE D RONES A GAINST P AKISTAN Reports that the U.S. yet the authorities’ lack of action is disgusting. 2010 killing around 120 thus easily clearing the security kiosks and posing as common citizens. Of late. supplying weapons to militant groups. September 8.S.66 IPRI Factfile handy in identifying the attacker and pre\empting the attack. Already there had been a significant increase in drones attacks in North Waziristan during September. officials said Washington has classified Pakistan’s tribal belt on the Afghan border as a global headquarters of Al Qaeda.S.

Pakistan Observer (Islamabad). U.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 67 military leadership must make it clear to the NATO commander in Afghanistan. At the same time the Americans must be made to pay compensation for the innocent lives lost in the helicopter and drone attacks as they are doing in Afghanistan. In the near halfcentury that the Cold War lasted. We would also caution that of late the U. October 4.340 weeks that passed between 1945 and 1990. Pakistan has a strong position and the West cannot win the war against terrorism without its cooperation. the Pentagon and CIA that Pakistan can go to a certain extent to cooperate in the war on terror but would not compromise on its sovereignty. http://www. The foremost postCold War threat to global peace and security is terrorism from which no nation. the incidents of such violence have been perpetrated mostly. the Daily Times issue dated February 2. it has become commonplace after 9/11 to stigmatise Muslims because. but not exclusively. General Petraeus. incrementally. The Nobel laureates. the number of fatalities almost equalled that of the First World War in which approximately 8. Although this scourge has neither religion nor culture nor country.S. 2006 carried an article by . the earth enjoyed a grand total of only three weeks that were truly war-free. by a radicalised minority who profess This plays into the hands of the likes of Osama bin Laden who justify the slaughter of civilians through distortions of Quran injunctions. For instance.S.400. “In the 2. The last hundred years have been particularly blood-drenched. Editorial. big or small.asp?id=55411 T HE S COURGE OF T ERRORISM The fundamental flaw in the contemporary discourse on terrorism is to equate it with Islamic doctrine. The two world wars of the 20th century resulted in unparalleled devastation. is immune.000 soldiers alone are said to have died. In this there is an unmistakable nexus between such extremists and those whose purpose is to demonise Islam The predominant theme of history is one of conflict and violence. Scholars have identified the sense of victimisation coupled with a real or imagined threat perception as the two most important reasons for the recurring acts of terrorist violence and this is not peculiar to Muslims alone.pakobserver. Heidi and Alvin Toffler.” The contemporary era is no less dominated by the same sordid drama of death and destruction except that the actors have changed. 2010. claim. and its western allies have been talking of possibility of terrorist attacks in Europe from the so-called militant sanctuaries in FATA and might make it a pretext to launch more air strikes across the border. We must therefore assert strongly and tell them in categorical terms that ground or air violations by the NATO forces would not be tolerated in any case.

” Extremists such as Osama bin Laden and Sudharshan rely on two unacceptable methods to distort the Quran’s worldview that is founded on peace and harmony. It is the sweep of Islamic nations from the Maghreb to Pakistan that the struggle for the new world order would begin. He quoted M J Akbar of India who is of the opinion: “The West’s next confrontation is definitely going to come from the Islamic world. and the second is the textual isolation and de-contextualisation of the passages. founded in May 1976 by Vellupillai Prabhakaran. Harvard professor Samuel P Huntington’s article dated December 24. ‘The Clash of Civilisations’.” Huntington’s essay on this theme. perverted to their respective nefarious ends. . In this there is an unmistakable nexus between such extremists and those whose purpose is to demonise Islam. whereas that of so-called Muslim extremists has been global. but Hindu” and nearly 40 percent were women. the impact of the LTTE was confined only to Sri Lanka and ended with their defeat in May 2009. which presumes that the earlier verses of the scripture were abrogated by subsequent ones in the 23 years that the process of revelation lasted. the supremo of the virulently anti-Muslim body in India. whereas Huntington’s article has impacted decisively on post-Cold War world security concerns centred on the threat from terrorism. appeared in the summer 1993 issue of Foreign Affairs and. According to the Indian writer A G Noorani. The first is the doctrine of abrogation.” Both “interpret verses of the Quran in the same sense. there is an “accord in mendacity” between “the leading professional jihadist Osama bin Laden and K S Sudarshan. were “the world’s largest group of suicide bombers” whose cadres were “not Muslim. However. Cold War doctrine of containment. Kennon’s piece inspired debate in Washington’s policy formulation circles and finally resulted in the U.68 IPRI Factfile Christine Fair and Hussain Haqqani in which the authors stated that the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). The fundamental flaw in the contemporary discourse on terrorism is to equate it with Islamic doctrine. This plays into the hands of the likes of Osama bin Laden who justify the slaughter of civilians through distortions of Quranic injunctions. 2008 examined whether the existing “fault-lines between civilisations” would replace “the political and ideological boundaries of the Cold War as the flashpoints for future crisis and bloodshed”. This has generated fanciful theories about the inevitability of conflict between Islam and the West. according to the journal’s editors. Sudarshan’s RSS physically attacks the lives and properties of Muslims of India. only George K Kennon’s ‘The Sources of Soviet Conduct’ that he published in the 1940s under the pseudonym ‘X’. which inevitably results in the misinterpretation of its fundamental principles. Bin Laden’s al Qaeda attacks the soul of Islam. had generated so much comment.S. the Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh (RSS).

For instance. slay those who ascribe divinity to aught beside God wherever you may come upon them. October 8.” ( the false ideology of religionbased violence cannot be defeated. The attack is significant because the Taliban wanted to cause the maximum .. 9:5). This passage. extremists have also extracted individual passages of the Quran to justify suicide bombings and other terrorist acts.. S Iftikhar Murshed.247 verses of the Quran because they unfailingly contain a message and this is the assumption on which the doctrine of abrogation is based. maim and destroy in the name of Islam.. when the sacred months are over. What they ignore is that the word ‘message’ (ayah) in this passage relates to the earlier scriptures and this is obvious from the preceding verse that declares that the Jews and the Christians would never accept any scripture subsequent to their own. 2010. ‘ayah’ is also used in a more restricted sense to denote any of the 6. two suicide bombers killed 10 and injured 70 people at the shrine of Abdullah Shah Ghazi. 2:106). and lie in wait for them at every conceivable” (Quran. Besides exploiting the flawed concept of abrogation. http://www. Till they understand and expose the distortions of their scripture.dailytimes. All that is stated in this verse is that the Quran has superseded the Bible. the patron saint of Karachi. and take them captive. In fact. and besiege them. the verses pertaining to the conditional permission to fight only in self-defence are said to have been cancelled by pronouncements such as: “And so. Implicit in this questionable doctrine is a presumption of Divine fallibility. Daily Times (Lahore). the very next passage enjoins believers to protect polytheists that have not attacked them and conduct them to a place of safety. The Tehreek-eTaliban Pakistan (TTP) has claimed responsibility for this horrendous attack. There is need for Muslims to reclaim their religion from a radicalised minority that kill.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 69 Abrogation theologians primarily cite the Quranic statement: “Any message which we annul or consign to oblivion. However. which is misconstrued by extremists as authorisation for indiscriminate slaughter. we replace it with a better one. The killing of “those who ascribe divinity to aught beside God” has been taken out of context to justify violence although the verse pertains to an ongoing war and cannot imply the initiation of hostilities because aggression in any form is prohibited. The implication is that God made His commandments known but then had second thoughts and amended His earlier pronouncements. has been described as “the sword verse” although the word ‘sword’ does not appear even once in the Quran.asp?page=2010\10\08\story_8-102010_pg3_3 A TTACKING THE G HAZI OF K ARACHI On Thursday..

The shrine of Abdullah Shah Ghazi is of similar significance to the people of Karachi as is Data Darbar to the people of Lahore. the large majority of Pakistanis adhere to Sufi beliefs rather than the hardline views espoused by the Taliban. In stark contrast. once again unite the people of Pakistan against the Taliban . while the second struck at the next check post. The TTP feels threatened by their dwindling support and have tried to create a sectarian divide time and again. The attackers could have wreaked much more havoc had they managed to cross the security check posts. a Sufi saint. This atrocious attack will. In a way. Knowing their open hostility towards Sufism. in all probability. Contrary to popular perception. This begs the question: why attack Sufi shrines? Sufism is the single greatest threat to the Taliban and their ideology of violence and coercion. Suicide attacks are very difficult to prevent once the attacker is on his way. Dr Mirza is admitting his department’s failure to check the attacks in the first place.70 IPRI Factfile damage. The TTP has started attacking shrines of Sufi saints all across the country. The Taliban before this attack have targeted a mosque and shrine in the Khyber Agency’s Landi Kotal tehsil. the shrine of Rahman Baba and Mian Umar Baba in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It was an attack on the shrine of a Sunni saint Hazrat Data Ganj Bakhsh in Lahore. it is non-dogmatic. The TTP also initially claimed responsibility for the triple suicide attack on Data Darbar in Lahore but later backtracked and denied involvement. has been revered as the saviour of Karachi from tropical storms for over a thousand years. The Taliban consider it un-Islamic to pay homage at Sufi shrines and cite it as shirk (associating partners with God) and bidat (innovation in religion). In the recent past. given that it was the busiest day of the week at the shrine. The first suicide bomber struck at the main gate check post. This attack by the TTP is not just an attack on his shrine but also his teachings and beliefs. which ended up uniting the different sects. we have seen a new pattern emerging. accommodative of all sects and religions and non-violent. a Sufi saint’s shrine in Gandhawa in the district of Jhal Magsi. The statement “there was a security lapse” by Sindh Home Minister Dr Zulfiqar Mirza is bewildering. whom all major sects of Islam in the subcontinent revere. the Taliban use violence as the principal means to their goals and want to impose their strict interpretation of Islam on everyone by force and compulsion. it is coordinated intelligence and police work that can help pre-empt the threat. one expected the government to have done some homework. The Sufis’ message of love transcends the material world and embraces universal brotherhood. Abdullah Shah Ghazi. This initially found some success with attacks on religious minorities and places of worship. Sufism teaches tolerance and humanism.

including people who are not terrorists. let alone any innocent women and children. Baitullah including a large number of women and children. as the intelligence services claim. Since the beginning of September alone. It is not easy to square that with President Obama’s insistence that his administration is “living by our values” – unless American values now include the endorsement of indiscriminate killing. They have also killed dozens of people. The silence from human rights groups over the drone attacks is deafening.asp?page=2010\10\09\story_9-102010_pg3_1 D RONE A TTACKS M AY BE L EGAL . a British citizen from Birmingham. but the total almost certainly runs to three figures. And yet there has been very little protest. The President has also stressed that America now complies with international law. was killed last week in Pakistan by a missile launched from an American drone. President Obama has authorised at least 25 targeted killings. 2010. Editorial.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 71 ideology of terror. often inaccurate. his father-in-law. But the targeting is only as good as the information it is based on – and that information is.S. No one knows exactly how many innocents have died as a result of drone attacks. B UT ARE T HEY M ORAL ? Abdul Jabbar. inevitably. his mother-in-law. but that it is inhumane to deprive them of a good night’s sleep? There is no doubting the brutal effectiveness of drone attacks. which concluded that the best way forward is for an international . or that they have a lot going for them in terms of risk and reward: they kill the enemy without exposing our forces to any danger. was killed in a drone attack: his wife. the leader of the Taliban in Pakistan. his death will be a relief. What has persuaded them that it is acceptable to kill people. there are often others with him who are also incinerated. and seven bodyguards also died. he seems to be right: the consensus is that drone attacks are indeed legal. The total since he came to office is more than 100. Daily Times (Lahore).dailytimes. to use drones to kill those it believes to be involved in planning terrorist attacks is alarming. October 9. a lieutenant. http://www. certainly compared to the storm of international criticism that greeted the decision to hold suspected terrorists at Guantanamo – a policy that didn’t kill anyone. for example. Even when the targeted terrorist turns out to be in the The UN produced a report on the topic at the end of May. In August 2009. Yet the degree to which it now seems to be acceptable for the U. Remarkably. who were not involved in terrorism. If Jabbar was indeed planning a Mumbai-style massacre in a British city. These have certainly killed some of the senior operatives of al-Qaeda and the Taliban.

But that conclusion doesn’t follow. attention. There are plenty of things that are legal. The UN’s Special Rapporteur thinks it involves specifying very clearly. But we – and the Americans – are deceiving ourselves if we think that something is OK just because international lawyers say it is. I suppose there is such a thing. including the President. in advance.S. even when you are involved in targeted killing. and why. following a March 24 session in Washington and a July 15 session in Islamabad.S. Some of the most serious international terrorist plots in recent years have been traced back to Pakistan. IS H ELPING U NTIE ITS L EADERSHIP ’ S H ANDS Viewed by the United States and its allies as one of the most dangerous places on earth—and a country that provides a safe haven for leaders of al-Qaeda.pakobserver. but which you would not be morally justified in doing – just as there are times when you are morally justified in doing things that are illegal.S.S. Pakistan Observer (Islamabad). Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and Pakistan Foreign Minister Makhdoom Shah . the Taliban and other militant movements—it’s little wonder that Pakistan has been garnering so much U. including one revealed just this month involving the training of terrorists in Pakistan to conduct Mumbai-style attacks on civilian targets in Western European cities.72 IPRI Factfile conference of states to review the guidelines for setting targets “after a careful review of best practice”. whom you are going to target. U. So it’s not surprising that last week saw the third ministerial-level U. THE U. the surprising reach of the Pakistani Taliban became apparent in May when they tried unsuccessfully to use U. government.S. Meanwhile. explain exactly why.asp?id=56481 B Y P UBLICLY A CKNOWLEDGING THE P RICE P AKISTAN PAYS FOR ITS C OUNTERTERRORISM P OLICY . as well as where. http://www. citizen Faisal Shahzad to detonate a car bomb in New York’s Times Square. Alasdair The fact that targeted killing has been deemed “legal” seems to have had the effect of making many people. when.Pakistan Strategic Dialogue in just seven months. That is something no country that uses drones will ever do: their success depends on the victims not knowing when or where they will be attacked. It may be that the women and children who get killed as a result don’t matter – although I would like to hear someone from the U. Best practice? Well. Perhaps using drones to kill terrorists is a legitimate way of prosecuting the war against al-Qaeda and the Taliban. October 11. 2010. think that it is morally justified. or a human rights organisation.

But there’s been more to the administration’s Pakistan policy than warm words. Obama administration officials have now demonstrated a welcome shift in tone. The clearest evidence is the praise it has given the Pakistani military and its government for engaging in the fight against domestic and violent extremists at the cost of thousands of Pakistanis killed or wounded. The threat to Pakistan’s stability has been compounded by local insurgencies in the west of the country that have inflicted numerous casualties on the Pakistani army. whether under military or civilian rule. Meanwhile. At the meeting. Last week’s Strategic Dialogue session. Yet the combination of the U. Combined with the $7. ‘And the cooperation is very deep and very broad. which remains better suited for fighting a war with India than a counterinsurgency campaign.S.S.’ This new public line is welcome because it better addresses the widespread Pakistani perception that the growth of Islamist militancy in their country has been due to their leaders’ decision to provide comprehensive support to the US war on terrorism. ultimatum in September 2001 to ally itself with Washington against al-Qaeda in return for considerable economic and military aid. water and counterinsurgency capabilities. the Obama strategy has included a commitment to providing additional economic and security assistance to Pakistan’s civilian government.5 billion that mostly finances enhancements to Pakistan’s counterinsurgency and counterterrorist capabilities. recognition of Pakistan’s efforts so far.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 73 Mahmood Qureshi chaired the latest session. ‘One thing that is not often reported enough is that the United States has no stronger partner than Pakistan in fighting the mutual threat we face from extremism. Clinton announced that the administration would submit to Congress a Multi-Year Security Assistance Commitment—a security assistance package worth almost $2.-led war against the Afghan Taliban (which since 9/11 has re-established its core support operations in Pakistan) and the escalating combat on Pakistani territory have helped give rise to domestically-focused terrorist movements that have been conducting a vicious campaign of suicide bombings throughout Pakistan. the Islamabad government. which marked among other things a welcome shift in tone and U. the Islamabad government has engaged in a comprehensive campaign against foreign militants on its soil.’ Clinton said at a joint news conference with Qureshi. has sought to work out a formal or de facto truce with the insurgents. Since yielding to a U. saw detailed discussions about how the United States could help develop Pakistan’s energy. for example.5 billion commitment to civilian projects . But after publicly rebuking the Pakistanis last year for appeasing domestic militants.S. As well as the persistent (and sensible) efforts to induce Pakistani authorities to crack down on terrorist plots.

the total U.S.S.S. Of course there’s plenty that Pakistan can do to convince a wary Congress that U.S. Still. aid is skewed in favour of security assistance designed to induce Pakistanis to fight and die for U. But setting aside direct military aid.S.S. Qureshi reassuringly said ‘that there’ll be zero tolerance against human rights violations’ in the Pakistani military. Overcoming U. taxpayers are getting their money’s worth. but they could also help balance the country’s powerful military and intelligence services. But the U.74 IPRI Factfile over a similar five-year period in the already approved Kerry-Lugar-Berman legislation. to bolster support for the proposed military aid package. training and equipping programmes for those Pakistani units that violate U.S. which bans U. the administration has indicated that it will suspend U. One would be for the administration to pay greater attention to increasing the capacity of Pakistan’s civilian police forces as part of its larger efforts to enhance Pakistan’s civilian government institutions. Of course making these commendable pledges is one thing. Washington could help avert the kind of public relations setback that occurred a few years ago when some members of Congress complained that the Pakistanis were not ‘earning’ the approximately $1 billion annually in military aid they were receiving each year from the United States. military assistance to foreign military units that commit major human rights abuses. These multi-year initiatives are essential if Pakistanis are going to see concrete economic benefits for cooperating with the United States and if something is going to be done to help counter perceptions that U.S. One way would be to do more to publicize the costs it has incurred—human and financial—in trying to combat the militant threat.5 civilian aid package is that it has yet to be used to launch specific projects on the ground in Pakistan.S.S. scepticism won’t be easy. especially the so-called Leahy Amendment. When asked about the issue at a joint press conference with Clinton last week. Another would be to stop diverting funds from this programme to enhance its conventional capabilities for a possible war with India. goals.S. One problem with the $7. Congress also needs to enact the legislation required to establish the U. including the Directorate . but it’s quite another to ensure that they are implemented properly. and the task was made all the harder after a cell phone video began circulating on the Internet last month depicting individuals wearing Pakistani military uniforms executing what look to be six bound and blindfolded civilians. Not only are police units often more suitable for countering local terrorism threats. there are other ways that the United States can help Pakistan boost its internal security. laws and regulations.-funded Reconstruction Opportunity Zones and the Enterprise Fund. should go further to win over a sceptical Pakistani public. By more visibly acknowledging Pakistani losses from the country’s counterterrorist and counterinsurgency operations. while the U. aid figure now approaches $10 billion.

Of course. is almost certainly not going to approve such an accord with Pakistan given its inferior proliferation record compared with India. US policymakers should take the recent interruptions in their use of Pakistani territory to supply their forces in Afghanistan as confirmation of the need to reduce their dependence on Islamabad’s support for the war on terror. Last week saw little progress over Pakistan’s requests to receive a civil nuclear energy cooperation agreement comparable to that already negotiated by its neighbour and rival.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 75 for Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI).S. On the other hand.-Pakistan tensions any time soon—Pakistanis have felt misunderstood and mistreated by Washington. he will visit Pakistan next year and will eagerly greet President Asif Ali Zardari in Washington. but relying so heavily on the Pakistani government to actively support US policy like this places Pakistani leaders in the unhelpful position of appearing to be Washington’s regional puppets. Central Asia and perhaps even through the South Caucasus. whatever reassuring gestures Obama makes now won’t overcome decades of U. Congress.S. (Indeed. Washington needs to take a good look at its regional security strategy. . which they believe has demonstrated interest in Pakistan only when it needs Islamabad’s help against regional threats.S. ties with Pakistan—India. Pakistani officials also allow the United States to conduct an air campaign against their own territory. And there’s already some indication that such diversification could work. The problem is that the U. an area of special sensitivity to Moscow due to Russian unease about NATO’s ties with Georgia. Yet there’s another country that also looms over U. though. With this mind. Not only would diversifying Washington’s regional support base be prudent in and of itself. President Barack Obama made sure to tell the Pakistani delegation at the White House that while he wouldn’t go to Pakistan next month when he travels to India. with the continued improvement in Russia-NATO relations providing a possible window of opportunity to allow these parties to consider expanding the flow of NATO supplies reaching Afghanistan via Russia. the Obama administration is aware of Pakistani concerns over the prospect of being granted secondary status compared with India. More broadly. which the ISI founded in the mid-1990s to serve as a Pakistani proxy in Afghanistan’s civil war. media sources have suggested that the unmanned aerial vehicles that constantly bombard Pakistani territory are actually based in Pakistan and receive much of their targeting intelligence from Pakistani sources). which is now subjecting the proliferating number of nuclear cooperation agreements to closer scrutiny. As well as providing the main route along which NATO receives its non-lethal supplies. many of whose leaders are reluctant to break ties with the Afghan Taliban.

This multi-city protest was triggered by the latest attack on the shrine of Baba Farid in Pakpattan in Punjab. but offers little protection against Islamist suicide bombers. the Sunni Ittehad Council.76 IPRI Factfile U. October 25. October emerged as the most decisive month in so far as the response of the Barelvis graduated from passive protest to the actual creation of a counterforce to Deobandi Islam in South Punjab. Barelvi leaders caused a minor political earthquake when they accused Punjab’s PML-N government of courting Sipah-e-Sahaba in South Punjab to safeguard its vote-bank from eroding in the face of the PPP. After A Y EAR OF S UB . the only Barelvi outfit in the country which can engage the madrassa-based and more organised Deobandis linked to the Taliban and al Qaeda. against a background of decades of mistrust. with some cause. putting ties on a firmer footing won’t be easy. http://the-diplomat. policymakers. The backbone to this “counterforce” was provided by Sunni Tehrik from Karachi. Washington believes. So although the meeting between Qureshi and Clinton marks another important step in the relationship.SECTARIAN M ASSACRE On October 29. 2010. the two were also right to talk about a multi-year and even multi-generation programme for rebuilding the bilateral relationship. The Ahle Sunnat gathered under the flag of Sunni Ittehad Council and came to the notice of a national press more used to highlighting the Deobandis because of their presence in the state-organised jihad in Indian-administered Kashmir and Afghanistan. Diplomat. Richard Weitz. led by Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan (JUP). that Pakistan’s possession of nuclear weapons deter India from using force against Pakistan. and it won’t be quick. They demanded the dismissal of Punjab Law Minister Rana Sanaullah because of his much-publicised contacts with the Sipah. long declared a terrorist organisation — the ‘mother’ organisation that has provided human fodder to . The Ahle Sunnat gathering after the Data Darbar bombing in July looked dangerous when it threatened to take action on its own if the government did not move against the terrorists who had put holy shrines at risk.S. The protest was ferocious because of earlier pent-up rage on the suicide bombing of Lahore’s Data Darbar shrine when Sunni-Barelvi religious parties united for the first time as a counterforce to the dominance of the Deobandis-Ahle Hadith. traditionally opposed to observances of devotion at the tombs. are perplexed by Pakistan’s skewed threat perceptions and apparent insistence in believing India to be a greater danger than Islamist terrorists. staged a protest in Karachi and a dozen cities of Punjab against the destruction of tombs and shrines. for their part. Back in July.

Lashkar-e-Taiba. Had the government listened to the sermons all over Punjab – available on discs – it would have realised that the next massacre was going to be Deobandi-versus-Barelvi on the old issue of “mazar-parasti” (tombworship) which forms the fundamental devotional ritual of the more grassroots religion of the people of Pakistan. Sipah-e-Sahaba and its offshoots – the Jaish-eMuhammad and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi – were once the strategic assets of the state of Pakistan (and if the “solution” in Afghanistan goes wrong for Islamabad in 2011 they could once again be. Karachi saw a subsectarian war between the Sipah-e-Sahaba and the Sunni Tehrik. the sub-sectarian killing in Karachi is not one-sided. In Jhang. Pakistan’s relations with Iran nose-dived in the late 1990s because of the exclusive use of anti-Shia Deobandis in the war in Afghanistan where Shia Hazaras were to become their prime target. was blown up by suicide bombers sent in from the violently sectarian madrassas of Kohat. but the outreach of the terrorists included Lahore for the first time when Karbala Gamay Shah saw its devotees blown up by a suicide bomber. the Hazaras were attacked. For the first time. consisting of al Qaeda. Lashkar-e-Jhangvi. killing innocent Pakistani citizens and targeting the army to dissuade Pakistan from fighting the war against terrorism and persuading the scared commentator into saying “it is not Pakistan’s war”. the shrines in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa have been systematically attacked with the Taliban routinely owning up to the attacks. The Shia-Barelvi “union” – covert in the case of Shia action – came to the fore in Lahore when the Sunni Ittehad Council announced this month that it would stage a long march from Bari Imam in Islamabad to Data Darbar in Lahore. the prime target were the Shia but there was also a lateral argument with the Barelvis there because of the latter’s tolerance of and friendly interaction with the Shia. Bari Imam. Harkatul-Jihadal-Islami. This year too. where the Sipah-e-Sahaba was born. using Lal Masjid as its place of muster. Since then. In Quetta. Jaish-e-Mohammed. Jandullah (Karachi-based). where the Hazaras have been sheltering from Afghanistan-based violence. The leader of Brigade 313 is Ilyas Kashmiri.) But now these “assets” have linked up with al Qaeda and become its ancillary warriors. and the Tehrik-e-Taliban. The shrines began to be attacked in 2005 when Islamabad’s Shia shrine. The al Qaeda link appeared on the internet on the website of what al Qaeda called Brigade 313 in September 2010. hence the conclusion that a counterforce to the state-supported Deobandi Islam has come about. Anti-Shia violence was once traced by an intelligence . SSG (though this has been denied by ISPR). sectarian attacks have become routine.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 77 the cauldron of the region’s multi-layered violence in the name of Islam presided over by al Qaeda. once Pakistan’s single-most important fighter in Kashmir and suspected of being from the army’s commando brigade. reaching its climax in October when blasts at the great shrine of Abdullah Shah Ghazi shook the country into some awareness of what was happening.

Today in Iraq.” Editorial. its commander. One more militant was killed in the exchange of fire between police and terrorists while the rest of two fled. Its use of non-state actors of a certain brand in proxy wars worked two ways: it created multiple centres of power within civil society which could challenge the “monopoly of violence” of the state. Instead of focusing on the invaders. November 1. . Express Tribune (Islamabad). but the suicide bomber among them detonated his vest and managed to kill two policemen and injuring 12. took on the Shia majority of Iraq and its patron in the region. Can Pakistan change? Darwin is often misquoted on the “survival of the fittest”. With the military in a holding position after conducting military operations in Swat and FATA. planning to attack the Shia. The “denigration of the tomb” among the urban classes journeying away from traditional Sufi culture complicates the scene further. the terrorists probe weak points of the security forces and attack whenever they find the security loose. which. Al Qaeda went sectarian in 2003 when it sent its first batch of terrorists to Iraq to fight the Americans. He actually and it infected the “handlers” of the warring groups. 2010. including seven policemen. is persuaded by “local conditions” to kill the Barelvis as well. http://tribune. but it did not prevent them from going after softer targets such as the one in S WABI A TTACK The attack on Shah Mansoor Police Lines in Swabi. The Taliban have claimed responsibility for the incident. It was always expected that terrorists would not easily let go and re-emerge like all guerrilla movements. al Qaeda. Another tactic is to divert the focus of the attacks to relatively stable areas to draw the attention of the security forces away from active military campaign. Strict security in Islamabad and Peshawar may have prevented terrorists from carrying out an attack there. Shah Mansoor police compound was fortunate that the four assailants were stopped at the entrance. has been carried out in retaliation to the rising drone strikes. “Sunni reconciliation” has failed and the country is expected to tilt once again into sectarian war. in a way preparing Pakistan for a Taliban state. was hardly a surprise. Typically. Iran. “species don’t die because they are weak but because they are unable to change. though first of its kind in the area. This was presaged by the Yom al Quds killing of the Shia in Quetta this month. according to their spokesman Azam Tariq. Security at all government offices in Rawalpindi and Islamabad has been enhanced in anticipation of more attacks by terrorists. Abu Musab alZarqawi. sending the sectarian virus deep into the corridors of Pakistan’s establishment.78 IPRI Factfile report to Pakistan’s pursuit of covert jihad.

military and paramilitary forces apart from random attacks on civilian targets. had funded and reared the militant groups during the Soviet-Afghan war. This battle is not a test of superior firepower. the US would have succeeded long ago in Afghanistan. November 3. D OUBLE -D EALING U. this realization has come. the Taliban and their supporters are pitched against the state and only a consistent and prolonged battle against them can hope to ultimately defeat too. establishment. The militants moved away to safer areas.dailytimes. If conventional military capability were any guarantee of success against guerrilla there is a strong likelihood of them crossing over and joining militant ranks to escape their wrath. where they have active networks of support and returned when the pressure of military operation eased. but a test of nerves and strategy.S.S. If the masses are not provided the necessary psychological support. http://www.asp?page=2010\11\03\story_3-112010_pg3_1 U. 2010. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has conceded that Pakistan is paying a big price for supporting the U. The best strategy for the military would be to hand over control to the civil administration as soon as possible after completing the operation and conduct search and strike operations to prevent the possibility of retaliation by the militants. And this is expected to continue and expand in future unless contained by a well thought-out strategy and preparedness. The civilians. Yet this should be seen in isolation to the U. Editorial. Daily Times (Lahore). An important point that she did not mention was the . However.S. After blaming Pakistan for decades for nourishing these elements. particularly ANP leadership. especially Pentagon. we are engaged in a protracted warfare. which melts away when frontally assaulted but returns when it finds the security forces in holding position. war on terror. Confessing that the U. This is borne out by a series of recent attacks in Swat.S. Public support and resolve against terrorists is essential to win this war. As we have argued in this space time and again.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 79 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has seen scores of focused attacks on the police. Not a day goes by when the Obama administration is not seen slinging mud on Pakistan for showing leniency to terrorist groups. need to be psychologically prepared for this drawn out battle. foreign policy and the mindset of the U. South Waziristan and other agencies of FATA. The murder of FC Commandant Safwat Ghayyur and the son of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Information Minister Mian Iftikhar and attacks on educational institutions in various parts of the province are all part of the campaign against the state. she lamented that now the genie was out of the bottle. We are facing an elusive enemy.

the U. the do more mantra goes on. where they plan attacks against American and NATO troops in Afghanistan He would not specify which new areas the American side hoped to target. There is no disputing the fact that the U. but an article in The Washington Post identified one as around Quetta where Afghan Taliban chief Mullah Omar is believed to operate. November 15.S. drones have turned our tribal areas into killing fields. is seeking to expand the areas where American missiles can target Taliban and al Qaeda operatives.S.S. is increasingly relying on the missile strikes by remotecontrolled drones flying over Pakistani territory to find and kill terrorists that have free rein in the lawless areas along the border. Editorial.S. U. much to our chagrin. Nation (Islamabad).pk/pakistan-news-newspaper-daily-englishonline/Opinions/Editorials/15-Nov-2010/US-doubledealing U. However. It would be naïve to assume that the Secretary of State is genuinely worried about our plight when she says that we are paying a big price for being the front-line state. 2010. and Pakistani officials said on Saturday.S.S. Kalashnikov culture and the scourge of militancy that continues to plague us to this day. is coercing us to use force in dealing with militant groups even with those who are willing to lay down arms and submit to the writ of the state. http://www. It is a pity that while pursuing a negotiated settlement of the Afghan imbroglio.S. There is no doubt that the U. used us as a steppingstone in the 1980s and is following the same policy again. including an expanded CIA presence in Quetta.nation.80 IPRI Factfile aftermath of the Soviet war when Pakistan was totally abandoned by the U. registering protest in the form of a spate of attacks killing countless innocent citizens. with civilian casualties having created a severe backlash against the country. S EEKS TO E XPAND D RONE O PERATIONS The U.S.S. The U. The drones now operate in designated “boxes” in FATA. drug trafficking. hurled us into this maelstrom yet we must accept that we are only suffering the consequences of our error of judgment.S. war effort in Afghanistan is being undermined by terrorists’ continued ability to take sanctuary across the border. reflecting concern that the U. . The U. Expansion: The Washington Post also reported that Pakistan had agreed to more limited He confirmed that US officials had sought both to enlarge the current boxes and establish new ones outside the tribal zone where senior Taliban and al Qaeda operatives are suspected to be operating. should know that our armed forces are already stretched too thin to launch new operations. the ISI official said. and left to fend for itself in the face of influx of Afghan refugees. The U.

narrow lanes and other such places. sensitive installations and high-profile personalities. is preoccupied by arbitrary military deadlines and had little regard for Pakistan’s internal security who described the Quetta request as an affront to Pakistani sovereignty.” said a high-ranking Pakistani intelligence official. The Prime Minster arrived here.html T ERROR G ROUP F ORMS S UICIDAL G ANG Karachi . saying the U. The government. 2010.dawn. on a day long visit to meet the party workers on the occasion of 43rd anniversary of PPP. “In which country can you do that?” Daily Times (Lahore). … Dawn (Islamabad). November 21.asp?page=2010\11\21\story_21-112010_pg1_1 G OVERNMENT F IRM IN E LIMINATING M ENACE T ERRORISM : P RIME M INISTER OF Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gillani said that the people of Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa have shown determination and commitment combating terrorism and facing natural calamities particularly the recent devastating floods. clerics and other personalities to avoid the unnecessary movement as terrorists could target them on intersections. rival sects. has the firm resolve to eliminate terrorism and extremism and would ensure all possible measures to provide security to the people. . The Prime Minister was talking to the Governor Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa Owais Ahmed Ghani and Chief Minister Ameer Haider Khan Hoti at the Governor’s House on Tuesday. Sources privy to the matter informed that agencies had warned some high-profile political figures. “You expect us to open the skies for anything that you can fly. November 30.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 81 where the American spy agency would work with the Inter-Services Intelligence to hunt down Taliban leaders. Senior Pakistani officials expressed resentment over what they described as misplaced U. 2010. http://www.S. he had not controlled the Afghan side of the border. pressure to do more.Outlawed terrorist organisation backed by Al-Qaeda and Tehreek-eTaliban Pakistan has formed a motorbike gang of suicide bombers to hit targets including liberal political forces. http://www.


IPRI Factfile

Meanwhile, law enforcement agencies (LEAs) have been put on high alert ahead of upcoming religious month of Muharram-ul-Harram. According to official statistics, around 45,000 religious gatherings (majalis) and over 20,000 processions would be organised citywide within the first ten days of Muharram. Some 30,000 personnel of law enforcement aided by contingents of Pakistan Rangers would remain alert across the provincial metropolis. According to reports, Interior Ministry has stated that the banned organisation, Lashker-e-Jahngvi (LJ), has formed group that might be involved in snatching vehicles, including police mobiles, government vehicles and ambulances to achieve their goals. These militants could target any government, political or religious leader or property. It has been also pointed out that the militant group may also comprise young men aged between 18 to 20. It is pertinent to mention here that CID officers have also confirmed the existence of more than 250 sharpshooters in the city and feared that these militants could target the processions, majalis, political and non-political personalities. According to another source, clerics from both the Shia and Sunni sects are on the hit list of these terrorists. Among others the Shia clerics on the hit list include Allama Abbas Kumaili, Hassan Zafar Naqvi, Talib Jauhari, Allama Furqan Haider Abidi, Allama Aftab Haider Jaffery, Maulana Mirza Yousuf, Maulana Qamber Abbas, Maulana Nadir Abbas, Maulana Jaffer Subhani, Maulana Aun Naqvi. Similarly, the Ahl-e-Sunnat clerics including Allama Shah Turabul Haq Qadri, Hakeem Maulana Asghar Dars, Hakeem Maulana Akbar Dars, Hamza Ali Qadri, Kaukab Noorani, and some Sunni Tehrik (ST) members such as Sarwat Ejaz Qadri, Shahid Ghouri, Shakeel Qadri might be the target of terrorists. On the other hand, secret agencies have also warned with regard to any possible attacks on police officers. Reports reveal that police officers of Crime Investigation Department (CID) might be the target of militants. It is not known exactly how the terrorist elements plan to carry out attacks but the other offices of CID might come under attack. The report reveals that terrorists would attack their offices using explosive laden vehicles. Concerned police officers when contacted reaffirmed warnings of attacks and said that high-ups of police had been informed about the reports of intelligence agencies. It is pertinent to mention here that a similar warning had been given by same sources earlier to the blast at CID office but concerned department did not take appropriate action to avert the incident.
Mansoor Khan, Nation (Islamabad), December 1, 2010,

Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III)


Interior minister says terrorists from Afghanistan have entered Pakistan to carry out terrorist attacks Federal Interior Minister Rehman Malik has claimed that illegal migrants from Afghans are involved in terrorist activities in Pakistan. He said this while talking to reporters at the Jinnah International Airport Karachi on Thursday. “Terrorists from Afghanistan have entered our country to carry out terrorists activities in Pakistan,” he said. Responding to a query regarding the Balochistan situation, the minister said the government was open to talks with all parties to bring peace in the province. He asked the people of Balochistan to help the government hunt down anti-state elements. “We can go to Quetta, Turbat or Mand for negotiations on meeting their genuine demands, but we will not talk to people indulging in desecration of our national flag,” he said. Malik warned that the government could use other options to maintain its writ in the affected areas of the country, saying that Baloch people have been given benefits in the ‘Aghaz-e-Haqooq-e-Balochistan’ package. To a query about disclosures made by WikiLeaks, he declined to comment on the issue, saying that those reports were only leaks and carried no authenticity. While referring to the law and order situation of Karachi and Sindh, he said that special security steps were being taken for Muharram.
Daily Times (Lahore), December 3, 2010,\12\03\story_3-122010_pg7_32




Pakistan and Afghanistan renewed their commitment on Sunday to eliminate militant sanctuaries in their territories, which could have been used for acts of subversion in either country. A joint declaration issued at the end of Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani’s two-day visit to Kabul said the two countries would again undertake to effectively cooperate, combat and defeat these (terrorist) threats and eliminate their sanctuaries ‘wherever they are’. The commitment came as a result of fresh Pakistani demand that the Afghan government should end Baloch insurgent infrastructure on its soil and hand over nationalist leaders, including Brahmdagh Bugti, who are believed to have taken refuge there.


IPRI Factfile

President Hamid Karzai had pledged on Saturday in his meeting with Prime Minister Gilani to end Balochistan insurgency bases in Afghanistan which, he claimed, could have been operating without his knowledge. But, he told the delegation that he also expected Pakistan to end Taliban safe havens in Fata that have long been alleged to foment violence in Afghanistan. The commitment isn’t exactly new, but what’s different this time is the newfound understanding between the two sides that peace and stability in their countries were mutually interdependent. Reiterating cooperation for collectively fighting terror, President Karzai had said: “We need to work together to end violence that continues to hurt both of us and that we should help each other with full knowledge of reality.” After the talks, a senior Pakistani delegate told Dawn that there was a realisation on both sides that they were facing same issues from same quarters—in a reference to what President Karzai had earlier described in his media talk as ‘outside plots’ to keep both countries unstable. “Terrorism and violent extremism and their international support networks are a major threat undermining peace and stability in the region and beyond,” the joint declaration noted. RECONCILIATION: The declaration showed a change in Pakistan’s policy nuances on the issue of reconciliation, which is thought to be critical to peace in the war-torn country. Neither public statements by Pakistani leaders nor the joint declaration reflected Pakistan’s desire of helping Afghanistan in making peace with Taliban. The joint statement said: “Pakistan supports the efforts of the president, government and the people of Afghanistan for peace and national reconciliation, which should naturally be Afghan-owned and Afghan-led efforts.” Weeks before the Kabul visit, Prime Minister Gilani had in an interview emphasised Pakistan’s indispensability to any settlement in Afghanistan and said: “Nothing can be done without us because we are part of the solution; we are not part of the problem.” A senior Pakistani diplomat, who was part of the talks, said Islamabad no longer sought a role in peace talks. He went on to acknowledge that Pakistan’s unsaid longing for a reconciliation role was a ‘misplaced desire’. This acknowledgement stems from an understanding that Islamabad’s offer to help Kabul make peace with Taliban was being misconstrued among the Afghans as an attempt to meddle in their internal affairs. The reconciliation process has, according to a background briefing, reached a point where it is ready to take off. Contacts with leaders of warring factions have been established and a formal dialogue is about to commence soon.

html US-P AKISTAN S ECRET E FFORTS ON P ETRAEUS TO D EFEAT A L Q AEDA : The commander of U. When the interviewer. put pressure. 2010. “Now it’s also important to recognise what Pakistan has done over the course of the last 20 months. suggested that the U.dawn. on Al Qaeda and some of the other groups that are in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas. in particular. Even after moving to Afghanistan. would continue to put “considerable pressure” on these areas. Central Command. Pakistani” A U. said on Tuesday that the United States and Pakistan were involved in efforts that would bring considerable pressure on extremists groups operating in Fata but both sides avoided discussing those efforts. George Stephanopoulos. Gen Petraeus said he continued to have a “very close relationship with the Pakistani Chief of Army Staff. “Either I go there or he comes here. he saw Gen Kayani “probably every about 45 or 60 days.” Gen Petraeus said that a trilateral relationship between the chiefs of the Afghan military. and the intelligence services of Pakistan. considerable pressure.S. he had continued to see Gen Kayani every 45 days or so. forces in Afghanistan. In an interview to ABC News. But “more clearly needs to be done in the tribal areas of Pakistan to weed out Al Qaeda”. Gen David Petraeus. adding that the U. at least twice.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 85 … Baqir Sajjad Syed. I don’t think it’s productive to get into hypotheticals on all of these different – but certainly there are efforts ongoing that we don’t talk about that do. indeed. “They’ve carried out very impressive and very costly in terms of casualties – very – very impressive counter- . He noted that when he was the head of the U. sharing intelligence across the Durand Line and in other fields. http://www. Asked if he had the full cooperation of the government. the general also praised Pakistan for what he called “very impressive counter-insurgency operations”.S. he said.” he added.S. the military. diplomatic cable released last week by the whistle-blowing WikiLeaks site suggested that the U. Gen Petraeus said: “Well. he said. General Kayani”. had special operations forces in Fata who. December 6. military would have to enter those areas if militants hiding there were found involved in an attack on the United States. Dawn (Islamabad). had embedded with the Frontier Corps in operations against Al Qaeda militants.S. at the most”.S. and ISAF had led to “more and more progress” in terms of coordinating operations.S.

“Propaganda was made that Taliban and their Quetta Shura existed in the provincial metropolis so that Balochistan could be destabilised.” he said.asp?id=65990 N O T ALIBAN OR Q UETTA S HURA IN B ALOCHISTAN : FCIG Ubaidullah says those working against Pakistan will not be spared. Responding to a query. the FC chief said that problems could not be resolved by picking up guns and taking to hills but by education. against the Punjabi Taliban.” Ubaidullah said that the FC was manning the checkposts along the vast Afghan border and had knowledge about cross-border activities. 2010.. There is no truth in such allegations as no terrorists are present in the city. Referring to insurgent groups. he said. asking the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to convey serious concerns to United Nations. Pakistan Observer (Islamabad). 2010.86 IPRI Factfile insurgency operations against the Pakistani” he said. “I am confident that there is no Taliban leadership in Balochistan. December 11.html N ATIONAL A SSEMBLY B ODY C ONDEMNS D RONE A TTACKS The National Assembly Standing Committee on Human Rights on Friday adopted a resolution expressing grave concerns on ongoing drone attacks on Pakistani soil in sheer violation of the International law resulting in collateral damage of both human and properties loss. . thus I have directed all the officers to play their role for bridging the communication gap and remove the misperception regarding FC. “Without the support of society. groups that threaten the very existence of Pakistan. law enforcement agencies cannot succeed in maintaining order and peace. Addressing a press conference at the FC Headquarters. he said those who were making improvised explosive devices (IEDs) in their houses and working against Pakistan would not be spared at any cost nor would FC compromise on this issue. December 8.dawn. http://www. … Muhammad Arshad. Balochistan Frontier Corps (FC) Inspector General Maj Gen Ubaidullah Khan said on Saturday that no Taliban or Quetta Shura existed in any part of the province.” Dawn (Islamabad) NATO and other concerned quarters. Ubaidullah held the Afghan refugees responsible for the deteriorating law and order situation throughout the country. http://www.

The prime minister was talking to M Michael Morell Deputy Director of CIA who called on him at the PM House on Monday.' "War on Terrorism" and sought to defeat the Taliban and AlQaeda militants who were thought to have found a safe haven in Pakistan. He hoped for enhanced cooperation between the three sides on defence. including the FC.S. Pakistan’s front line role in campaign against terror and cooperation between Pakistan and US in defence and security areas also came under discussion. Minister for Interior Rehman Malik. security and intelligence matters. the outcome of Lisbon Nato Summit with reference to New Exit Strategy of Nato and ISAF forces. Allied Forces and Afghanistan to fight the menace of terrorism.html D RONE A TTACKS IN P AKISTAN The United States had failed to properly handle the refugees. has made a series of attacks on targets in northwest Pakistan since 2004 using drones (unmanned aerial vehicles).dailytimes. December 12. . thus they had become a serious threat to the security of the country. led by the Central Intelligence Agency's Special Activities Division. Defence and other senior officials were also present in the meeting. Bush administration. The prime minister said that Pakistan would support the Afghan led and Afghan owned reconciliation process in order to bring about peace and stability in that country as and when the reconciliation strategy by Afghan Government is shared with Pakistan. Dawn (Islamabad). Under the George W.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 87 He conceded that law enforcement agencies. http://www. Secretaries Foreign Affairs. US.dawn. During the http://www. Senator Syeda Sughra 2010. December 13. … Mohammad Zafar. these controversial attacks were called a part of the U. the reconciliation and reintegration efforts in Afghanistan.asp?page=2010\12\12\story_12-122010_pg7_24 G ILANI C ALLS FOR J OINT S TRATEGY T ERRORISM TO C OMBAT Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani has underlined the need for having a common strategy by Pakistan. 2010. Daily Times (Lahore).

2005: 2 killed including Haitham al-Yemeni in a strike near the Afghan border in North Waziristan. 2005: Al-Qaeda's 3rd in command. … Statistics U. 2006: Damadola airstrike kills 18 civilians in Bajaur area but misses Ayman al-Zawahri. South Waziristan. the capital of North Waziristan along with 4 other militants. Generally the UAVs used are MQ-1 Predator and more recently MQ-9 Reaper firing AGM-114 Hellfire missiles. • November 30. • January 13. These strikes are mostly carried out by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) operated remotely from Creech Air Force Base and have continued under the Presidency of Barack Obama.S.980 Timeline 2004 – 2007 • June 18. Zamazola. 2006 Chenagai airstrike allegedly aimed at Ayman alZawahridestroys a madrassa in Bajaur area and kills 70-80 civilians. 2004: 5 including Nek Muhammad Wazir killed in a strike near Wana. near Miranshah.292 1. 2007: Up to 30 Taliban killed in a drone strike in Salamat Keley. The drones have become a weapon of choice for the United States in the fight against alQaeda Some media refer to the series of attacks as a "drone war". • January 16. • May 14. Abu Hamza Rabia killed in an attack by CIA drones in Asoray. Drone Strike Statistics Number of Drone Total Killed Total Killed Year Strikes (Min) (Max) 2004 1 4 5 2005 2 6 7 2006 2 23 23 2007 4 53 74 2008 34 263 296 2009 53 413 709 2010 109 530 866 Total 204 1. • October 30.88 IPRI Factfile Most of these attacks are on targets in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas along the Afghan border in Northwest Pakistan. • April 26. 2007: 4 killed in the village of Saidgi in North Waziristan . South Waziristan.

2008: 16 killed in a strike in South Waziristan May 14. June 14. 2008: 12 people killed in a strike near Kalosha village in South Waziristan. . February 27. September 8. 2008: U. September 5. killing 8 militants. 2008: U. killing at least six. drones destroy a house in Tappi village in Miranshah.S. September 17. 2008: U. 2007: 30 killed in the village of Mami Rogha in North Waziristan November 2.S. killing 6 people and injuring 8 including 1 woman and 1 child. three Turkmen. 2008: 12 including Abu Sulayman Al-Jazairi killed near village of Damadola.S. Up to 25 militants were killed in this strike.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) • • 89 June 19. July 28. August 31. drones fired three missiles at a potential hideout of TTP leader Meshud. 2008: U. 2008: Midhat Mursi and 5 other Al-Qaeda operatives killed in South Waziristan. August 12. August 13. drone strike on a compound run by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar killed Taliban commander Abdul Rehman. 2008: US drones fired missiles at a house in Char Khel in North Waziristan killing 4 people. 2008: U. drones fire three missiles. 2008: Nine killed in four strikes in the area near Angore Adda in South Waziristan during a meeting of militants. destroying a house which was potentially hosting Arab foreign fighters. along with Islam Wazir. 2008: Abu Laith al-Libi killed in a strike in North Waziristan along with 11 other militants. 2008: 23 killed in Daande Darpkhel airstrike. 2008: The Miranshah airstrike kills 12 people including three women and two children. killing one person. and several Arab fighters. Bajaur. 2008: U.S. North Waziristan. near Miranshah. August 30. drone attack in Baghar Cheena region of South Waziristan kills 5 militants including Al Qaeda operative Abu Ubaydah al Tunisi.S. September 12. August 20.S. March 18. 2007: 5 killed in an attack on a madrasah in North Waziristan 2008 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • January 29. drones fire two missiles that hit a compound in South Waziristan. September 4. 2008: Missile strike on Al-Qaeda training camp in South Waziristan kills two militants carrying Canadian passports.

drone strike at a militant compound in North Waziristan kills 5 people and wounds 2 others. 2008: U. drone strike killed at least 6 militants including 3 Arabs in Tappi village near Miranshah. 2008: British Al-Qaeda operative Rashid Rauf and 4 others including Abu Zubair al-Masri killed in a strike in North Waziristan. South Waziristan.S. October 31. . drones fire four missiles. 2008: Two drone attacks hours apart in Datta Khel region of North Waziristan kills 21 militants including 16 foreigners. North Waziristan.S. 2008: Two missiles fired by US drones kills 7 in Wana. October 9. October 22. November 7. November 22.S. 2008: Six killed in a strike near Mir Ali. 2008: 20 killed including Al-Qaeda operative Abu Akash and Mohammad Hasan Khalil al-Hakim (alias Abu Jihad al-Masri) after 4 missiles hit Waziristan. December 15. October 26. 2008: 12 killed in a strike near Miranshah. October 16. 2008: U. October 31. 2008: At least 8 killed in South Waziristan by suspected US drone strike.S. drone strike on Miranshah.S. 2008: U. November 29. November 19. South Waziristan. 2008: U. drone strike in Tapi Tool region near Miram Shah. killing up to 14 militants in Kumsham. North Waziristan kills 3 people.S. 2008: Senior Al-Qaeda leader Khalid Habib killed in a strike near Taparghai. 2008: Abdullah Azam al-Saudi and 4 other militants are killed in Bannu district. October 3. North Waziristan.90 • • IPRI Factfile • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • September 30. November 14. North Waziristan. North Waziristan kills 2.S. South Waziristan. December 22. drone strike in Azam Warzak. October 11. drone. December 11. 2008: U. 2008: 20 killed in a strike in South Waziristan. 2008: 4 killed in a village near Miranshah by missiles fired from suspected U. along with five other Al Qaeda or Taliban members. kills 7 militants. 2008: U.

2009: 4 killed in attack on a vehicle in Gangi Khel in South Waziristan. drone strike in Kanni Garam village in South Waziristan kills 6 people. • April 1.S. drone strike in Sra Khawra village in South Waziristan kills 8 people. 2009: 24 killed in attack in Berju in Kurram Agency. 2009: Taliban militants shot down one of the two UAVs over a village in South Waziristan. • January 23. 2009: 2 senior al-Qaeda leaders Usama al-Kini and Sheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan killed in a missile strike by U. 2009 4 killed in Jani Khel in Bannu district in NorthWest Frontier Province. 2009: 14 killed in Orakzai Agency tribal area. 2009: U. drones. drone strike in Sararogha in South Waziristan kills 6 people. • February 16. • March 15. • May 12. • May 16.S. • April 19. • March 25. 2009: U. 2009: U. 2009: U. . • March 7. 2009: More than 30 killed when two missiles are launched by drones near town of Makeen in South Waziristan.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 91 2009 January to June • January 1. 2009: U. 2009: U.S. drone strike in Ladha. • January 2. drone strike in village of Sarkai Naki in North Waziristan kills 25 people.S. • May 9. • April 8.S. 2009: 7 killed in attacks on 2 vehicles by two missiles in Makin area of South Waziristan at 6:30pm. 2009: Strike in Sararogha village in South Waziristan kills 7 people. president.S. 2009: 13 killed in North Waziristan. • April 4.S. • March 12. • March 1. South Waziristan kills 4 people. • February 14. drone strike on a vehicle in South Waziristan kills 5 people.S. 2009: At least 3 killed and 5 injured in an attack in South Waziristan • April 29. 2009: Strike in Kurram Valley kills 30. at least 14 killed in Waziristan in 2 separate attacks by 5 missiles fired from drones. 2009: In the first attacks since Barack Obama became U. reportedly at a Taliban training camp for fighters preparing to combat coalition forces in Afghanistan. 2009: 4 killed in Essokhel area in North Waziristan. • June 14. • March 26.

• September 24. kills 10. The attack may have killed al Qaeda leaders Ilyas Kashmiri and Mustafa al Jaziri as well as three Punjabi militants and two or three local Taliban fighters. 2009: U. 2009: U. • July 8. • July 10. • August 21. drone fired missiles kill 10 in North Waziristan. 2009: Two missile attacks take place. • July 17. his wife. The kill was confirmed after weeks of uncertainty over their fate. drone missile strike on the Tapar Ghai area in the Kanigram (Kanigoram) district in South Waziristan kills at 8 people. In the first. South Waziristan.S. 2009: U.S.S. drone fired missile kills four people in a car 1. 2009: U. 2009: U. 2009: U.S. 2009: U. drone strikes in Shahalam village in South Waziristan kills at least 13 people. • June 23. 2009: U. One of the dead was reportedly Tohir Yo‘ldosh (Tahir Yuldash).4 km) from Mir Ali in North Waziristan. July to December • July 3. drone strike on a hideout in Karwan Manza area and on a vehicle convoy in South Waziristan kills at least 50 people. drone strike in Ladda village. • September 14. 2009: U.S. drones take out a Taliban communication center killing between 5–8 militants in Painda Khel. including two Uzbek . North Waziristan. Drone kills 17 people and injures a further 27.5 miles (2. 2009: U. reportedly targeting Sirajuddin Haqqani kills at least 21 people. a drone attack reportedly killed six Taliban. drone strike on the village of Darpa Kheil. • August 27. • August 11. drone strike on a house in North Waziristan kills 4 people. and his wife's parents.S.92 • IPRI Factfile June 18. • September 8.S. including Baitullah Mehsud. 2009: Two U. • August 5. many of which were attending the funerals of people killed in the air strikes earlier in the day. drone fired missile kills up to 12 people in the village of Dande Darpa Khel near Mir Ali. drone strike in South Waziristan killed 12. • June 23.S.S. 2009: Makeen airstrike kills at least 80 but misses Baitullah Mehsud in the town of Makeen. South Waziristan. drone strike in Zangarha in South Waziristan kills at least 12 people.S.S. 2009: U.S. leader of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.S. drone strike in Neej Narai in South Waziristan kills at least 8 people. • September 29. 2009: U.S. • July 7. 2009: U.

The dead apparently included 11 "foreigners". a missile killed seven insurgents in a house in Dandey Darpakhel village. Senior Al qaeda planner Saleh al-Somali. Zahid and another was Mohammed's unnamed son-inlaw. November 18. from Somalia. which Mohammed advocates. December 9. November 20. 2009: 17 killed in 2 separate attacks in North Waziristan in an area controlled by Hafiz Gul Bahadur. in a compound in Sararogha village. October 15. September 30. drone strike killed 27. South Waziristan. One of those reported killed was Faqir Mohammed's nephew. 2009: 2 killed in Miranshah town in North Waziristan. two missiles hit a car near Dosali. 2009: 8 killed in the Machikhel area near the town of Mir Ali. Ladha. is believed killed in this strike. 2009: 4 killed and 5 injured in Shanakhora village of North Waziristan. North Waziristan in territory controlled by Hafiz Gul Bahadur. killing two.S. 2009: Alleged U. the Al-Qaeda in Iraq leader). In the first attack. 2009: Alleged U. drone missile killed at least four people in North Waziristan.S. 2009: U.[105][106] One of those killed was reportedly Abu Ayyub al-Masri (not the same as Abu Ayyub alMasri. drone missile killed two or three alleged militants in Spalaga. 2009: U. October 21. North Waziristan. North Waziristan. 2009: Six killed in Tanga. in Damadolla . November 5. or exploit recent successes in the Nuristan and Kunar provinces of Afghanistan. an explosives expert for Al Qaeda and a "Tier 1" target of U.S. The 27 victims were reportedly a mix of Taliban and Al Qaeda operatives engaged in a planning and strategy meeting. October 24.S.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 93 • • • • • • • • • • fighters and Taliban commander Irfan Mehsud. reportedly including 2 Al Qaeda members. 2009: 3 killed in a car near Miranshah in North Waziristan. which Al Qaeda wishes to do. counterterrorism operations.S. 10 missiles fired by five drones hit two compounds . In the second attack. In the second. reportedly consisting of four Al Qaeda and two Taliban members. 12 miles (19 km) south of Miranshah. December 8. December 17. The meeting was apparently being held to decide on whether to reinforce South Wazaristan against Pakistani forces. drones fire missiles at a Taliban compound and vehicle killing 8 in Novak. South Waziristan. inside Bajaur tribal agency.

December 26. • January 3. territory of the Haqqani network. The apparent target . 2010: 2 separate missile strikes one hour apart kill approximately 35 people in Sanzalai village. but it appears to have taken place in December 2009. The Haqqani network claimed responsibility. Unnamed sources stated that seven of the dead were "foreigners. It is alleged that all the militants killed were local and were attached to Taliban Commander Hafiz Gul Bahadur. 2010: Missile strike on a vehicle near Ghundikala village in North Waziristan kills 3. According to The Frontier Post. was killed in the strike along with the son of local tribal leader Karim Khan. • January 8. North Waziristan. brother of Arif Khan. 2010: 4 killed and three injured when 2 missiles are fired on a compound in village Ismail Khan in North Waziristan. 2010: Missile strike in Pasalkot village in a compound formerly used as a religious school in North Waziristan killed 15 people among them 3 militant commanders. 2009: Four killed in an attack in Machikhel village in North Waziristan. Jamal Saeed Abdul Rahim who was allegedly involved in hijacking of Pan Am Flight 73 in 1986 was also reported killed in this strike. bodyguard for al Qaeda leader Sayeed al-Masri. 2009: 13 killed in an attack in Saidgai village in North Waziristan. • January 13." December 18. al Qaeda in Pakistan announced that Lashkar al-Zil leader Abdullah Said al Libi was killed in a drone missile strike. December 31. December 30. which is used by the Central Intelligence Agency to coordinate drone attacks in Pakistan. • January 6. was reported killed in either the January 8 or 9 airstrike. 2010: 5 people including 3 Arabs killed in an attack on Mosakki village in North Waziristan.94 IPRI Factfile • • • • in Ambarshaga. 2009: 3 killed in an attack in Dattakhel region in North Waziristan. 2009: A suicide bomber killed at least six CIA officers and seriously injured six others at Forward Operating Base Chapman in Afghanistan. Neither al Qaeda nor the US has revealed the date of the attack which killed Libi. 2010: Missile strike in Tappi village in North Waziristan killed 5 people. killing 15 people. In January 2010. senior Taliban leader and strong Haqqani ally Haji Omar Khan. • January 9. 2010January to March • January 1. Mahmoud Mahdi Zeidan.

S. the man behind the FIA HQ bombing in Lahore. head of Badar Mansoor group. February 24. in North Waziristan kills 9 people. The missiles hit a vehicle belonging to Siraj that Mohammed was riding in. the brother of Afghan Taliban commander Siraj who leads the Haqqani network. 2010: Second missile strike of the day kills 6 in Bichi village in North Waziristan. who reportedly left the compound before the attack occurred. 35 km west of Miranshah. consulate in Karachi was . 2010: Two missiles fired at a compound and vehicle in Booya village of Datakhel sub-division. February 2. It was initially believed he died but it was later learned that he survived. January 19.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 95 • • • • • • • • • • • of the strike was. January 17. Among the dead include Bahadar Mansoor. The leader of the Pakistani Taliban. probably including Abdul Basit Usman. 2010: 4 killed in a strike in Northwest Waziristan including Mohammed Haqqani. an al-Qaeda terrorist. Mohammed Qari Zafar.S. but Siraj was not in the vehicle at the time. 2010: Up to 8 U.S. 2010: Abdul Haq al-Turkistani. February 14. a commander in the Lashkar al Zil. 2010: Missile strike in Shaktoi area of South Waziristan kills at least 20 people. February 15. February 18. 2010: Missiles fired by a U. Miramshah. One of those killed was reportedly Sheikh Mansoor. January 29. Hakimullah Mehsud sustained injuries in this attack. 2010: Three militants killed by a missile strike near Tapi. January 15. January 15. 2010: 15 killed when drones fire 3 missiles on a compound belonging to Haqqani network in Muhammad Khel town in North Waziristan. the head of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and the person responsible for the 2002 and 2006 bombing of the U. Hakimullah Mehsud. 2010: Missile strike in Zannini village near Mir Ali in North Waziristan kills up to 15 people. is killed by a drone missile strike in North Waziristan. leader of the Turkistani Islamic Party. drone killed at least 13 militants at a compound and at a vehicle in the Dargah Mandi area of North Waziristan. drones fired missiles at 4 different villages of North Waziristan killing at least 29 people. February 17. 2010: 5 killed in a strike near Mir Ali in North Waziristan. and Rana Afzal. Mohammed and Siraj were reportedly attending the funeral of Sheikh Mansoor. North Waziristan. who had been killed by a drone strike the day before.

The attack killed at least 12 and as many as 21 militants.S. 2010: U. but included two officials from Syria and Egypt. may have been killed in the strike. March 23. .96 IPRI Factfile • • • • • • • • thought to be killed in this Drone strike but it was later proved that he survived the attack.S. It is alleged that Hussein al-Yemeni (also called Sadam Hussein Al Hussami). March 27. 2010: Two U. 2010: Three missiles fired by U.S. He died on June 14. the drones fired four missiles at a vehicle and a militant hide-out in Miranshah. March 17. In the first attack. At least six militants were killed and three others were wounded. drones fired two missiles on a militant vehicle parked outside a compound in the suburbs of Miranshah in North Waziristan. March 10. killing 3 militants. drone strike in North Waziristan's Datakhel area. drones fired 3 missiles at a vehicle in Madakhel. a local tribesman. March 30. About 50 minutes later. drone fired three missiles. The militants were reportedly al Qaeda fighters. Five drones reportedly attacked in two waves. an Al Qaeda terrorist who planned the Camp Chapman attack died in this strike. March 8. March 21. Hafiz Gul Bahadar.S. destroying a compound owned by Zamir Khan. a local Taliban leader and chief of the North Waziristan Shura. killing six militants.S. a second volley of missiles struck. March 16. 2010: U. Drone strikes killed 9 militants.S. mainly Afghan. 2010: U. 2010: Eight to ten militants were killed in a U. 2010: Drone strike in Mir Ali in North Waziristan kills 4 militants. First. and used by militants in the city of Tapi in North Waziristan killing six militants. drone aircraft killed five militants and wounded three in Miranshah. 2010: Missiles fired from drones struck a compound and three vehicles in the village of Mizar Madakhel in North Waziristan. After local militants cordoned off the area and began recovering bodies. four missiles struck and demolished the compound. drone fires two missiles in the Datta Khel area of North Waziristan killing at least eight people and injuring several others. 2010 when he accidentally touched some explosives which set them off killing him in the ensuing explosion in a guesthouse he was staying in North Waziristan.

2010: U.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 97 April to June • April 12.S. Maulvi Kalam. 2010: At least 15 killed in Khyber Agency in the first such strike in this area. drone strike killed 3 people in North Waziristan. • May 15. The official added that Khan has ties to regional Taliban commander Hafiz Gul Bahadur.S. 2010: U.S. killing four or five. drone strikes in which the U. • May 3. • April 26. A Pakistani security official stated that those killed were militant followers of local rebel commander Haleem Khan.S. drones kill 7 militants in North Waziristan in the village of Marsi Khel near Miramshah. homes and tents in the Doga area of North Waziristan killing up to 14 militants. Hours later another pair of missiles hit a compound in the Gorwek area of North Waziristan killing another 10 suspected insurgents. 2010: U. 2010: U. . The first strike occurred when missiles struck cars. 2010: 10 militants are killed in a drone strike in North Waziristan • May 11. the current 3rd in command of Al-Qaeda was killed in this strike along with his wife and 3 children. 2010: At least 24 militants are killed in two separate U. 2010: 2 missiles fired by a U. 2010: US drones fired two missiles on a compound used by Afghan warlord Hafiz Gul Bahadur and killed 10 people in Mohammad Khel. 2010: 4 militants are killed in a drone strike in North Waziristan • May 9. • May 21. • June 10. All of the dead and injured were Arab militants.S. drone kill 5 in North Waziristan. • May 28.S. Other dead in this strike include two foreign militants.S. 2010: U. 2010: Three missiles from drones strike a compound in the Khushali Toorkhel area. drones fired at least 7 missiles which hit two vehicles and a house in the Toolkhel area near Miramshah in North Waziristan killing 6 people and injuring 5 others. Five women and two children were reported injured. drone strike targeting a vehicle killed up to 4 people and injuring 4 others in Anbarshaga area of North Waziristan. North Waziristan. including the brother of a reputed Taliban commander. North Waziristan. • April 24. Saeed al-Masri. fired up to 18 missiles. about 25 km east of Miranshah. drone strike killed 11 militants and wounded three others in the Nazai Narai area of South Waziristan. • April 16. • April 14.S. one of whom was reportedly Filipino.

2010: U. killing 7 suspected militants. • August 14. drone fired three missiles at a compound in Mir Ali. the main town in North Waziristan. drones fired 6 missiles on a housing compound near Miran Shah at the Afghan-Pakistan border. drone fired two missiles hitting a house near in Wana. One of the dead men was a foreigner. drone fired a missile striking a house in Haider Khel village near North Waziristan's Mir Ali town killing 16 militants. June 19.S. destroyed a house near Mir Ali in North Waziristan. killing at least 13 militants including Taliban commander. Four militants that belonged to TTP were killed and five others sustained injuries. 2010: A drone strike in North Waziristan killed 5 militants. 2010: U. 2010: U. 2010: U.S. 2010: U. 2010: U. South Waziristan killing at least 8 militants including Hamza al-Jufi an Egyptian militant belonging to Al Qaeda.S.S. • July 24. 2010: U. fired by an unmanned drone.S. June 27. 2010: A drone strike in North Waziristan killed 14 suspected militants in a region under the control of Hafiz Gul Bahadar. • July 25.S. • July 25. June 26. • July 25.98 • IPRI Factfile • • • • June 11. North Waziristan. 2010: A U.S. drones fired two missiles at a militant compound in Nazai Narai area of South Waziristan killing 16 militants. drones launched their unprecedented third strike on the same day when they fired two missiles at a house in Taipi village near Miran Shah.[187] Al Qaeda leader Abu Ahmed Tarkash was among the dead. June 29. drones fired two missiles and hit a doublecabin pickup carrying militants in Shaktoi village in South Waziristan. July to September • July 15. . missile strike killed 7 militants in Pakistan's tribal region near the Afghan border. killing 15 alleged militants. drones launched their second strike of the day when two missiles hit a house where some militants were having dinner in Landikhel village of Srarogha Tehsil in South Waziristan. Taliban sources said 14 militants were killed and two others were injured in the attack. The missile. 2010: U.S. Amir Moaviya. The militants belonged to the Hakimullah Mehsud-led Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP).S.

The first strike was near Miramshah. killing four people associated with the Haqqani network. The second strike was near Data Khel. 2010: A U. In the second attack.S. North Waziristan. killing six "local" militants according to Dawn. 2010: 2 separate drone strikes kill 12–15 suspected militants in North Waziristan. drone strike kills 12 militants in Dargah Mandi near Miran Shah. in Dande Darpa Khel near Miranshah was struck killing at least 6 militants. The numerous strikes in September are reportedly part of a campaign against the Haqqqni Network. 2010: A U.S.S. 2010: Missiles fired from U. September 14. A few hours later U.S. drones in the Kurram Agency hit 2 vehicle killing 5 suspected militants. North Waziristan. drones struck a compound in Datta Khel village in North Waziristan district killed eight militants including three foreign fighters. 2010: A U. September 4. the first such reported drone strike in the Kurram Agency. . 2010: U. 2010: A U. drone fires two missiles at a house in Shawal. drones launch four separate attacks in a space of 24 hours. North Waziristan. The drone strikes in Pakistan against the network are meant to support concurrent special operations raids against the network's fighters in Afghanistan. September 11. Four women and three children are among the dead. another house near the Miranshah area was struck killing another 4 militants. a member of the Haqqani network. drone strike in North Waziristan kills 6 suspected militants.S. and killed nine militants. drone strike near Miran Shah. drones fired missiles striking a car traveling a few miles from the border. September 8.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) • • 99 • • • • • • • • August 21.S. kills 6 militants. September 13. August 27.S. drones in North Waziristan kill 13 militants and seven civilians. September 3. targeting the home of Gul Adam. September 6. In the third attack. drones launched their fourth attack striking a compound outside Miranshah killing at least 6 militants and wounding 5 others. drone strike on the house of Hafiz Gul Bahadur in North Waziristan kills 5 suspected militants.S. All told 24 militants have been killed in these 4 strikes. SAMAA TV reported that a local Taliban commander named Inayatullah was reportedly killed in the strike.S. 2010: U. 2010: Missiles fired from U. a house owned by Maulvi Azizullah. reportedly killing 13 militants. August 23. According to anonymous Pakistani intelligence officials: In the first attack. 2010: A U.S.

100 • IPRI Factfile • • • • • • • September 15. 2010: A U. September 16.S. including Taliban commander Mullah Shamsullah. drone strike in Miran Shah. September 26. Minutes later. Among the dead was Sheikh Fateh Al Misri. October to Present • October 2. the second hit a house in Miran Shah killing 7. In the first strike. South Waziristan killing 4 militants. kills 6 militants. Paris or Berlin by recruiting British Muslims who would then go on a shooting rampage throughout these cities similar to what transpired in Mumbai in November 2008. September 20. a drone strike kills 4 militants in North Waziristan. Al Misri was planning a major terrorist attack in London. killing 4 militants. 2010: U. The plan was thought to be its final stages and the stepped up drone campaign in September was done to disrupt and eliminate the key planners of this terrorist attack. September 27. drones launch two strikes killing a total of 12 militants in North Waziristan. The dead were members of the Badar Mansur group. drone fired three missiles hitting a vehicle killing 4 militants in Datta Khel village of North Waziristan. 2010: U. the first volley hit a vehicle in the Datakhel region killing 5. killing 3 militants. including Saifullah Haqqani. 2010: In an ongoing unprecedented drone offensive. 2010: U. drones fired missiles at a house in Datakhel area. September 28.S. 2010: U. 2010: U.S. 2010: A U. killing six militants. drone strike kills 16 militants in the South-North Waziristan border region. North Waziristan.S. drones launch two separate strikes killing 17 militants. AlQaeda's new 3rd in command. 2010: A U. drone fired three missiles at a house in Lwara Mandi village in Datta Khel. September 21. drones launch two strikes against militants killing 7.S. drones fire missiles at a house in Datta Khel.S. west of Wana. a drone fired two missiles at a vehicle in the same area. In the first attack drones fired two missile at a house in Datta Khel killing 9 militants including 4 foreigners.S. North Waziristan killing 5 militants. . September 19. Four hours later another strike occurred in the same area on a convoy of vehicles and a house killing another 8 militants. drone fired missile at a compound Zeba village. which is closely affiliated with Al Qaeda. September 25.S.S. first cousin of Haqqani Network leader Sirajuddin Haqqani. 2010: U.

S. In the first attack. October 18. North Waziristan. In the first . 2010: A U. missiles struck a house and a vehicle in Khaso Khel village. 2010: U. included one of the Al Qaeda leaders Atiyah Abd al-Rahman. 2010: U. drone strike in the Datta Khel area kills 7 militants. 2010: Two U.S. killing 4 militants. The first drone strike killed six suspected militants in North Waziristan's Machi Khel area. 2010: Two U. drone strikes 12 hours apart killed 7 militants. drones strike a mosque in Mirali. kill a total of 6 militants according to an unnamed intelligence officials. 2010: Two U. October 6. October 10. 2010: Two U. kill a total of 11 militants. October 7. October 15. drones launch three separate attacks killing 13 militants. who was not authorized to speak to the media. drone strike on a compound in North Waziristan kills 5 militants. drone strikes by Miran Shah. drones strikes kill a total 13 or 14 militants in the Miran Shah area of North Waziristan. In the second attack. drone strikes by Miran Shah.S. drone strikes kill 13 suspected militants. 2010: U. killing five or six suspected militants. 2010: A drone strike in the Datta Khel area of North Waziristan kills 6 militants. October 27.S. In the third attack. November 1. The second strike was on a vehicle in Datta Khel kill which killed 3 militants. killing 4 militants. four missiles were fired hitting a vehicle in Pai Khel village in Datta Khel town. November 7. The first strike was on a house of militant Nasimullah Khan which killed 4 militants. October 28. October 8. Officials said two missiles hit an alleged militant vehicle. 2010: Drones fire 4 missiles on 2 vehicles and kill at least 8 suspected militants in the Shewa District of North Waziristan.Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) • 101 • • • • • • • • • • • October 4. near Mir Ali. October 13.S. North Waziristan. North Waziristan. November 3. 2010: Drone attacks kill 11 militants in the Datta Khel area of North Waziristan.-operated drones fired four missiles at a house in the Mir Ali District of North Wazaristan.S.S.S. drones fired two missiles at a vehicle in the Qutab Khel area of Miran Shah killing 5 Uzbek militants.S.S. 2010: A U. reportedly killing 8 suspected militants of German nationality. Later this day the second drone strike killed 7 suspected militants in the Mir Ali area of North Waziristan. 2010: U.

North Waziristan. 2010: A U. Initial reports indicated the strike killed 3 or 4 militants.S. November 28.S. http://en. The second attack occurred an hour later in which drones stuck several vehicles in the neighboring town of Datta Khel. kills 6 suspected militants. north of Miran Shah killing 9 militants.wikipedia. possibly including civilians.ispr. drone strike kills five people in the village of Ahmad Khel in the Mir Ali area in North Waziristan. 2010: One U. Afghanistan. killing 4 militants. not terrorists. 2010).[253] November 21. Pakistan Army Sacrifces Reference http://www. drone strike in Khushali village. November 26. November 13. drones struck a house and a vehicle in the town of Ghulam Khan. however. … Wikipedia.S. December 6. 2010: A U. November 16. around 30 kilometers east of Miranshah. 2010: A U. 2010: A U.S. drone strike fired missiles at a vehicle in North Waziristan killing 4 alleged militants. 2010: A U. drone strike kills 6 suspected militants in North Waziristan. drone strike near Miran Shah.S. North Waziristan. A Geo News correspondent reported from the attack site that the deceased seemed to be ordinary citizens.S. 2010: Four drone-fired missiles hit a house and vehicle in Bangi Dar village of North Waziristan. later reported that the suspected militants had survived the strike by fleeing the targeted vehicle after the first missile missed.[247] The militants were reportedly Haqqani Network fighters returning from operations in Khost Province.asp?o=t-real_story&id=12 . kills 5 people. 2010: At least four suspected militants are killed by a US drone strike on a vehicle in Mir Ali.102 IPRI Factfile • • • • • • • • • • attack. drone missiles strike a vehicle in Hasan Khel village. 2010: U. drone strike fired missiles at a car and a motorcycle in North Waziristan killing 5 alleged militants. November 11.S. 2010: A U.S. North Waziristan. November 19. Local officials. killing 15 to 20 people. November (accessed December 18. December drone strike kills 3 suspected militants in the region of North Waziristan.

Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 103 P AK A RMY ’ S C ONTRIBUTIONS T ERRORISM IN F IGHT AGAINST .

457 Casualties (Killed + Injured) Around 10.742 At Full Stretch and Surge to fight Terrorists .104 IPRI Factfile PAK ARMY’S CONTRIBUTIONS SINCE 9/11 ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ 30.000 Casualties in 2009 alone 10 Soldiers’ Casualties every Day in 2009 Terrorists arrested/killed 17. .asp?o=t-real_story&id=12 (accessed December 18. 2010).Pakistan: A Victim of Terrorism (Volume III) 105 http://www.