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AnintroductiontoCode_Aster

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Goalsandbasicknowledge

Goalsofthisshortcourse: giveyoubasicknowledgeonhowCode_Asterworks giveyouanoverviewonhowyoucanuseCode_Asterwith thepre/postprocessortoolSalome giveyouanoverviewonhowyoucanusetheSalome Mecaenvironment.

Thiscourseisnot: acourseonthefiniteelementmethod acourseonhowthebehaviourofstructurescanbe modelled(statics,dynamics,fatigue...) acourseonhowprogramminginCode_Aster.


DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Goalsandbasicknowledge

Thereforeyoucangetmostoutofthiscourseifyouhave: atheoreticalbaseontheFEmethod basicknowledgeonhowastructuralFEsoftwareworks someexperienceontheuseofastructuralFEsoftware.

ThesameFEsimulationcanbesuccessfullycarriedoutinmore thanoneway Inmyopinionthereisn'tthebestway WhatIwillpresenttodayisjustmypersonalviewandwhatIthinkis thesimplestwaytoapproachCode_Asterinourcontext.


DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

WhatisCode_Aster?

Code_AsterisaFEsolver: nofancytoolstocreateageometryandtomeshit nocolourfulpostprocessingimages noclick'n'dropinterfaces. preprocessing (geometry, mesh) commandfile describingthe simulation
mesh

Code_Aster

FEmodel creationand resolution


text

u,,...

postprocessing oftheresults

Somepre/postprocessingcapabilitiesareindeedavailableinCode_AsterbutI willnotspeakaboutthem.
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Pre/postprocessing

Severaltoolscanbeusedtocreateameshandtovisualizethe results,asfarasanimport/exportmoduleexistinCode_Aster: Gmsh IDEAS Gibi Anytoolcapableofimporting/exportingmeshesinMED format


MEDisaplatformindependentfileformatfortheexchangeofmesh data(nodes,elements,groupofnodes,groupofelements)andfields definedonthesedata(e.g.stresses,strains,displacements,levelsets...) AlibrarytomanageMEDfilesisfreelyavailable.

Yourpreferredpreprocessorsoftware,butyouneedtowrite theinterfacelayer(usinge.g.MEDfile):Code_Asterisfree software!


DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Pre/postprocessing

Salomeisafreesoftwarepre/postprocessingtoolcapableof exportingandimportingMEDfiles:

preprocessing (geometry, mesh) commandfile describingthe simulation


Salome

MED

FEmodel creationand resolution

MED

postprocessing oftheresults

Code_Aster

Salome

ThecommandfilemustbehowevercreatedoutsideSalome.
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Pre/postprocessing

Analternativeandmorecomfortablesolutionistousethe SalomeMecaplatform: it'samodifiedversionofSalomeincludingamoduleused tocontrolCode_AsterdirectlyfromSalome thecommandfileisgeneratedautomatically.


Salome

preprocessing (geometry, mesh) commandfile describingthe simulation


Salome

Code_Aster

Salome

FEmodel creationand resolution

postprocessing oftheresults

SalomeMeca
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

SalomeMeca

EvenifCode_Asterishiddenbehindthegraphicalinterfaceof SalomeMeca,thewayinwhichSalomeandCode_Asterinteract determinehowtheFEmodeliscreated: onlymeshdataarepassedfromthepreprocessorto Code_AsterbymeansofaMEDfile


MEDfile
nodes,elements,groupsofnodes,groupsofelements

useofgeometryandmeshcapabilitiesofSalomeasany otherpreprocessorsoftware alltheotheringredientsoftheFEmodelmustbewritten insidethecommandfile


textfile
materials,forces,pressures,displacements...

useofawizard:youenteralltheseinformationsinaGUI
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

SalomeMeca

Howinformationsenteredinthewizardarelinkedtothemesh dataincludedintheMEDfile? youmustcreategroupsofnodes,elements,edgesand facesinthemesh


youcandefinethesegroupsonthegeometryofthemodelordirectly onthemesh usinggeometricalgroupsallowsthemodificationofthemeshwithout theneedtoredefinethegroups.

inthewizardyoucanusethesegroupstoapplyboundary conditions,forces,pressures,materialsandsoon.

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

SalomeMeca

OnceCode_AsterhassolvedtheFEmodel,howaretheresults importedintoSalomeMeca? Code_Astercreatesatleasttwotextfiles:


.mess:containstheoutputofCode_Asterforeachcommand.The errorandwarningmessagesarereportedinthisfile. .resu:containstheoutputofsomeCode_Asterresultsintableform.

youcanreadthesefilesdirectlyinsideSalomeMeca

Code_AstercreatesoneMEDfilecontainingalltheresults
nodaldisplacements,stressesatnodes,equivalentstressesatnodes... Youcanpostprocesstheseresultsusingthepostprocessing capabilitiesofSalomeMeca
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

SalomeMecademonstration

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

SalomeMeca

Asyouhaveseen,thewizardhasseverallimitations: youcanmanageonlysomekindsofsimulations
linearelasticanalyses modalanalyses linearthermalanalyses

foreachsupportedanalysis,notallthefeaturesofCode_Aster areavailable
e.g.:inalinearelasticanalysisyoucan'tdefinemorematerials,mechanical contactbetweenparts,cracks...

theoutputisalwayslimitedtosomepredefinedvariables
e.g.:inalinearelasticanalysisonlynodaldisplacements,stressesat nodesandequivalentstressesatnodesareproducedintheoutputfile. Whatcanyoudoifyouneed,forexample,reactionforces?
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Code_Astercommandfile

TheonlywaytoaccessallthefeaturesavailableinCode_Asteris todirectlymanagethecommandfilebyhand: thecommandfileisatextfile:edititwithyourpreferredtext editor!


Thisisthehardestway! YoumustknowCode_Astercommands,syntax,optionsandso on.

agraphicaltoolcalledEficascanbeusedtosimplifythis task
Thisistheeasiestway:justrunEficasfromSalomeMeca.

Let'strytoobtainreactionforcesfromoursimulation...
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Eficas

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Reactionforces

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Code_Astercommandfile:theotherway

UsingEficasyoucan: createacommandfilewhichissyntacticallycorrect createacommandfilebyhandwithoutrememberingall theoptionsofeachcommand.

However,youmusteditthecommandfilebyhandusingatext editorifyouwanttogetmostoutofCode_Aster,e.g.: usingthelatestdevelopmentfeatures usingpythonprogramminginthecommandfile(loops, conditionals,mathscalculations...). Let'sanalysethecommandfileofourexampletounderstand moreaboutCode_Aster.


DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

thecommandfileisapythonscript
youcansimplyignoreit!

it'scomposedbyasequenceof commands
xyz=command(...)

eachcommandproducesaconcept (everythingisontheleftofthe=)
xyzisapythonobject

eachcommandhasoneormore parameterswhereit'spossibletospecify inputdataandoptionsforthecommand


theobjectsproducedbyaprevious commandcanbeusedasinputparameters
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

DEBUT=begin thisfunctionisusedtostartanew analysis ifthisanalysisisthecontinuationofa previousone,youmustusethefunction POURSUITE()instead. POURSUITE=continue

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

DEFI_MATERIAU=definematerial Youdefinethemechanicalproperties ofamaterial Nameassignedtothematerial:MA Youareassigningonlytheelastic propertiesofthematerialbymeansofthe keywordELAS

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Simpleandcomposedkeywords

Eachcommandacceptoneormoreparametersidentifiedbya keyword: concept=COMMAND(keyword_1=xxx, keyword_2=yyy, ... keyword_n=zzz) Inthecaseofasimplekeyword,itsvalueisgivendirectlyafterthe =.Itcanbeasimplevalue(e.g.integer,realoranother concept)oralistofsimplevalues: concept_1=COMMAND_1(simple_keyword_1=3) concept_2=COMMAND_2(simple_keyword_1=1.56, simple_keyword_2=(1.0,0.0,5.6), simple_keyword_3=concept_1)
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Simpleandcomposedkeywords

Inthecaseofacomposedkeyword,itsvalueisalistofsimple keywords: concept_1=COMMAND_1(simple_keyword_1=3.0) concept_2=COMMAND_2(simple_keyword_1=1.56, composed_keyword_1=_F( simple_keyword_2=3.1415, simple_keyword_3=concept_1),) Thelistofthesimplekeywordsofacomposedkeywordisgiven inside_F(...).ThelettermeansfacteurinFrench.

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

Theelasticconstantsaregivenby meansofthecomposedkeywordELAS TheYoung'smodule(E)andPoisson ratio(NU)aregiveninsidethecomposed keywordbymeansoftwosimplekeywords

otherbehavioursaregivenbymeansof othercomposedkeywords
e.g.:ECRO_LINEforalinearhardeningmaterial THERMforthethermalproperties ...
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Somethingabouttheconcepts

ThematerialdefinitionwillbecontainedinaconceptnamedMA: Themaximumlengthoftheconceptnameis8characters Iftheresultingconceptexistsbeforeexecutingthecommand, anerrorisissuedandtheanalysisisaborted. Thisconceptisapythonobject.Thismeansthatithasatype associated: TheresultingconceptMAisautomaticallycreatedbythe command,whichdeterminesalsoitstype TheconceptMAcanbeusedasthevalueofasimple keywordsonlyifitstypeiscoincidentwiththetyperequestedby thekeyword.
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Somethingabouttheconcepts

Forexample,Iwanttodefinetwoelasticmaterials(agenericsteel andagenericaluminium). ThesetwomaterialshavedifferentvaluesoftheYoung'smodule butthesame(moreorless)valueofthePoissonratio. Inordertoforcethisequality,Ideclaretheminthefollowingway: steel=DEFI_MATERIAU(ELAS=_F(E=2.06E11, NU=0.3,),) alu=DEFI_MATERIAU(ELAS=_F(E=0.76E11, NU=steel,),) Thisisnotcorrectbecausesteelisaconceptoftypematerialwhilst thekeywordNUrequiresaconceptoftypereal!
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Somethingabouttheconcepts

Thecorrectwaytodothatwouldbetheuseofavariable(don't forgetwearewritingapythonscript):

poisson=0.3 steel=DEFI_MATERIAU(ELAS=_F(E=2.06E11, NU=poisson,),) alu=DEFI_MATERIAU(ELAS=_F(E=0.76E11, NU=poisson,),)

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

LIRE_MAILLAGE=readmesh InCode_Asterthemeshissimplyalist ofnodes(numberandcoordinates)and elements(theirdefinitionintermsof geometricalshapeanddefiningnodes) Everythingwillbecontainedinthe conceptMAIL ThemeshiscontainedinaMEDfile (FORMAT='MED') Yes,reallysimple.Justaquestion:of whichfileareyouspeakingabout?
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Selectinginputandoutputfiles

AsinthecaseofLIRE_MAILLAGE,thereareothercommands workingonfiles(ininputoroutput). Thenameofthefilereadorwrittenbyacommandisnotspecified inthecommandfilebutoutsideit: thisabstractionfacilitatesthecreationofscripts,asinthe caseofparametricstudieswherethesameanalysisisrunusing differentmeshes it'sreallypracticalinallthecasesinwhichoneormore input/outputfileschange(differentnamesorpaths,different meshes...):nothingchangesinthecommandfile! Agraphicaltool,calledASTK,canbeusedtolistallthefiles neededbythesimulation. ifyouaresoinclined,youcanalsousetheUnixcommand line(I'mnotgoingtotalkaboutittoday)
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Selectinginputandoutputfiles

IfyouuseSalomeMeca,theinput/outputfilesareautomatically linkedtothecommandfileandyouhavenothingtodo ThisistrueeveninthecaseinwhichyouuseSalomeMecato createabasiccommandfileandthenyouuseEficastomodifyit YoucanrunASTKdirectlyfromSalomeMeca.Let'scheckour example:

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Selectinginputandoutputfiles

Eachfilehasatypeassociated:

Eachtypehasalogicalunit(LU)numberassociated Eachcommandaccess(read/write)afilebymeansofitslogical unitnumberandnotitsname.


DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Selectinginputandoutputfiles

Herearethebasicfilesmanagedbyeachsimulation:

comm:it'sthecommandfileitself mmed:it'stheMEDfilecontainingthemesh mess:atextfilecontainingtheoutputfromthe


solver(messages,errors,warnings)

resu:atextfilecontainingtheresultsofthe
simulationinatableformat

rmed:it'stheMEDfilecontainingtheresultsofthe
simulation

base:it'safoldercontainingtheoutputdatabase
ofthesolver.Itwillbeusedtocontinuethesimulation (bymeansofaPOURSUITE)orforpostprocessing
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Selectinginputandoutputfiles

Eachofthisfiletypehasitslogicalunitnumberassignedbydefault. Theusercanchangeit,althoughhemustpayattention,aswewill seesoon.

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Selectinginputandoutputfiles

iftheLUnumberisnotgivenasa parameterofthecommand,thedefault oneisused thisisthecaseforourexample:the LIRE_MAILLAGEcommandwillreadthefile associatedtothedefaultLUnumberfora MEDmeshfile(mmed) youdon'tneedtoknowwhichisthis defaultLUnumberifyouhaven'tchanged theLUnumberbyhandinASTK.

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Selectinginputandoutputfiles

Onthecontrary,ifyouhavechangedthedefaultLUnumberin ASTK,youmustpassthenewonetothecommandbymeansof thesimplekeywordUNITE

mail=LIRE_MAILLAGE(FORMAT='MED', UNITE=21,),)
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

DefaultLUnumbers

Selectinginputandoutputfiles

InASTKyoucanalsospecifysomeimportantpropertiesofeach listedfile: inputoroutputfile? itwillbecreatedduringorattheendoftheanalysis itisprovidedbytheuseratthebeginningoftheanalysis isthefilecompressed? Thefilecanbecompressedusinggzipinordertosavedisk spaceandtransfertime(e.g.fromtheclustertothelocal computer) Fortheinputfile,theusermustcompressthefileusinggzip.In thecaseofoutputfiles,Code_Asterwillcompressthem automaticallyattheendofthesimulation.
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Selectinginputandoutputfiles

input output compressed

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

AFFE_MODELE=assignmodel Thiscommandallowtoassigna particularphysicalmodelandelement typetoamesh.AFEmodeliscreated. mechanical,thermal,acoustic axialsymmetric,planestress/strain,shell, beam,plate... Firstthemeshisselectedbymeansof theMAILLAGE(=mesh)keyword MAILisanexistingconcept!
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

ThecomposedkeywordAFFEallowstospecifythephysical phenomenonandelementtypetobeassignedtoapartorthe wholemesh: where?TOUT='OUI'meansWHOLE_MESH='YES' whichphenomenon?PHENOMENE='MECANIQUE'specifies thatwewanttomodelamechanicalphenomenon(nota thermaloracousticone) whichtypeofelement?MODELISATION='3D'specifiesthatwe wanttouse3Dsolidelements(andnot,forexample,3Dbeam elements).
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

Thegroupofkeywordsinside_F(...)canberepeatedtodefineall themodelizationsrequiredinthemodel Forexample,inthecaseinwhichboth3Dsolidelementsand3D beamsarepresentinthemesh,thefollowingcommandcanbe usedtoassignthepropertiestotheelements: mode=AFFE_MODELE(MAILLAGE=MAIL, AFFE=(_F(GROUP_MA='solid', PHENOMENE='MECANIQUE', MODELISATION='3D',), _F(GROUP_MA='beam', PHENOMENE='MECANIQUE', MODELISATION='POU_D_E',),),) solidandbeamaretwogroupsofelements(GROUP_MA)defined insidethemeshMAIL(bymeansofSalome)
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

AFFE_MATERIAU=assignmaterial Thiscommandallowtoassigna materialtotheelementsofamesh Thesyntaxissimilartowhatwehave alreadydiscussed Thematerialmustbedefinedbefore usingthecommandbymeansof DEFI_MATERIAU Theconceptcreatedbythecommand (MATE)isamaterialfield,anunusual entityforFEsolvers!
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Overloading

HowcanIassignmorethenonematerialtoaFEmesh? Wehavealreadydefinedtwomaterials:
poisson=0.3 steel=DEFI_MATERIAU(ELAS=_F(E=2.06E11, NU=poisson,),) alu=DEFI_MATERIAU(ELAS=_F(E=0.76E11, NU=poisson,),)

Let'ssupposethattwogroupsofelementsaredefinedinthemesh, eachonecontainingtheelementofthesamematerial: ELsteelcontainstheelementsforsteel ELalucontainstheelementsforaluminium Theunionofthetwogroupscoversalltheelementsofthemesh, thatiseachelementofthemeshbelongstoonegroup.


DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Overloading

Theassignmentofthematerialscanbedoneinthefollowingway: mate=AFFE_MATERIAU(MAILLAGE=MAIL, AFFE=(_F(GROUP_MA='ELsteel', MATER=steel, _F(GROUP_MA='ELalu', MATER=alu,),),) Anothersolutionwouldbetheuseoftheoverloadingrule: ifmorethanonepropertyisassignedtothesameentity,only thelastassignmentisconsidered inotherwords,ifeachassignmentoverwritestheprevious one.

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Overloading

Theoverloadedversionoftheassignmentisthefollowing: mate=AFFE_MATERIAU(MAILLAGE=MAIL, AFFE=(_F(TOUT='OUI', MATER=steel, _F(GROUP_MA='ELalu', MATER=alu,),),) Here'swhathappens: first,thematerialsteelisassignedtoalltheelementsofthe meshMAIL then,thematerialaluisassignedonlytotheelementsinthe groupELalu thematerialsteelassignedpreviouslytotheseelements (Elalu)isoverwrittenbythesecondassignment.
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Overloading

Theuseoftheoverloadingrulecanbereallyeffectiveinmany situations. Eveninthisreallysimpleexample,theadvantageswouldbe: onlyonegroupofelements(ELalu)mustbedefinedand maintainedinthemesh amaterialisassignedtoalltheelementsofthemesh.There's noriskthatoneormoreelementshavenomaterialassigned becausetheyareoutsidethetwodefinedgroups(ELsteeland ELalu)consequentlytoanerrorinthegroupcreation.


mate=AFFE_MATERIAU(MAILLAGE=MAIL, AFFE=(_F(GROUP_MA='ELsteel', MATER=steel, _F(GROUP_MA='ELalu', MATER=alu,),),)

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

SalomeMeca+Eficasexample

Let'strytomodifyourexampleinordertodefineatwomaterials cube. WewilluseSalomeMeca: creationofapartitionedcube+ELalugroup creationofaonematerialFEmodelbymeansofthewizard modificationofthecommandfilebymeansofEficas: definitionofthesecondmaterialandpropermaterial assignmentstothemesh.

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

SalomeMeca+Eficasexample

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

AFFE_CHAR_MECA=assignmechanical loads Thiscommandallowtoassign mechanicalloads,boundaryconditions andcinematicconstraintstoaFEmodel DDL_IMPO=assignavaluetooneore moredegreesoffreedomofanode PRES_REP=applyapressuretoa2D/3D domain


DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

MECA_STATIQUE=assemblytheFE discretesetofequationsandsolveitfora linearstaticmechanicalmodel InoppositiontomanyotherFEsolvers, atthispointtheusermustspecifythe model,thematerialsandtheloadstobe appliedandusedintheassembly. Thismeansthatnotallthedefined materials,loads,boundaryconditionsand models(yes,Iwrotemodels)willbeused duringtheassemblyoftheFEmodeltobe solved!
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Nonlinearitiesanddynamic/thermalsimulations

ThecommandMECA_STATIQUEcan'tbeusedifnonlinearities (geometricaland/orinthematerialbehaviour)arepresent.
Inthiscaseanothercommandmustbeused:STAT_NON_LINE.

Similarly,othercommandsmustbeusedinthecaseofadynamic simulation(DYNA_NON_LINE,DYNA_LINE_TRAN/DYNA_LINE_MODAL, DYNA_LINE_HARM...) Iwillnotspeakaboutdynamicsimulationsbecausethisis outsidethegoalofthispresentation


(itwouldrequirealsoalotoftimeandabasicknowledgeofstructures dynamicsfromyou)

Again,othercommandsmustbeusedinthecaseofathermal simulation(THER_LINEAIRE,THER_NON_LINE,THERM_NON_LINE_MO)
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

Theconceptcreatedbythesolver(RESU)containstheresultsofthe analysis:thedisplacementfieldofthemodel. Thisisanodalfield. Whataboutstresses,strains,reactionforces...? Theyarenotavailabledirectly Youmustcalculatethem,notbyhand.

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

CALC_ELEM=calculateelement Thiscommandallowstocalculateone ormorefieldsassociatedtoanelement stresses,strains... Thefieldstobecalculatedarespecified bymeansoftheOPTIONkeyword Thecalculationisperformedstarting fromtheconceptRESU(RESULTAT=RESU) containingtheresultsofoursimulation (onlynodaldisplacements)
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Enrichment/modificationofanexistingconcept

TheconceptcreatedbythecommandisRESU.Italreadyexists becauseithasbeencreatedbyMECA_STATIQUE. Thegoalofthecommandistheenrichmentofthisconcept:some newfieldsareadded(theyarespecifiedbymeansoftheOPTION keyword) rememberthattheconceptproducedbythecommand mustnotexist wemustdeclareourgoalbymeansofthekeywordreuse otherwisewemustchangethenameoftheconceptonthe leftof=.
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Uselesskeywords

Thecalculationisperformedstartingfromaconceptoftype result(RESULTAT=RESU). Thiskindofconceptcontainsallthemodelinformationsinaddition tothenodaldisplacementfield(whichiseffectivelytheresult): thekeywordsMODELE,CHAM_MATERandEXCITaretherefore uselessinthiscaseandtheyareignored thesekeywordsmustbeusedonlyiftheinformationspassed throughthemarenotalreadyavailableintheconceptgiven byRESULTAT

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Fieldnamemeaning

Whichisthemeaningofthefieldnamestobecalculated? SIGM_ELNO_DEPL Whatyouwanttocalculate SIGM=stresstensor Whereyouwanttocalculate ELNO=nodesoftheelement Fromwhichvaluesthecalculationhaveto becarriedout DEPL=fromthedisplacementfieldatnodes


DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Fieldnamemeaning

SIGM_XXXX_DEPL

ELGA,ELNO,NOEU ELGA(elementgauss):thecalculationmustbedoneatthe Gausspointsoftheelements ELNO(elementnode):thecalculationmustbedoneatthe nodesofeachelement,consideredseparatelyfromthe neighbouringelements


morethanonevaluearecalculatedforeachnode,onevaluefromeach elementsharingthatnode

NOEU(node):thecalculationmustbedoneateachnode
ameanvalueofthevaluescomingfromeachelementsharingthenode iscalculated'
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Fieldnamemeaning

ThedifferencebetweenthevaluescalculatedatELNOandthe onescalculatedatNOEUisduetotheFEdiscretization: SIGM_ELNO_DEPL:u Onlythedisplacementsuarecontinuousacrosstheedges/facesof twocontiguouselements Strainsandstressesarecontinuousonlyinsideeachelement.

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

CALC_NO=calculatenode Thiscommandallowstocalculateone ormorefieldsassociatedtoanodeandit workslikeCALC_ELEM Youcancalculatenodalfields:reaction forces,nodalforcesandallthefieldsof thetypexxxx_NOEU_xxxx Thefieldxxxx_NOEU_xxxxcanbe calculatedonlyifthecorrespondingELNO fieldexistsintheconceptgivenby RESULTAT
SIGM_NOEU_DEPLcanbecalculatedonlyif SIGM_ELNO_DEPLexists!
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

xxxx_ELNO_xxxxxxxx_NOEU_xxxx

TryingtocalculateSIGM_NOEU_DEPLandEQUI_NOEU_SIGM withoutfirstcalculatingthecorrespondingxxxx_ELNO_xxxxfields makesCode_Asterissuingawarningandthecalculationisnot performed:

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

IMPR_RESU=printresults Thiscommandallowstoprinttheresults inoneormoreoutputfiles Theformatfortheoutputfileischosen bymeansoftheFORMATkeyword Ifyoudon'tspecifyanyfield (NOM_CHAM),allthefieldscontainedin theresult(RESULTAT=RESU)willbewrittenin theoutputfile. Notethatnoconceptsarecreatedby thiscommand
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Outputformats

Manyformatsaresupportedforoutput:IDEAS,MED,CASTEM, GMSH,RESULTAT IfFORMAT='RESULTAT'isused,theoutputwillbewritteninatextfile bymeansofoneormoretables Forexample,forSIGM_NOEU_DEPLfield,allthestresstensor componentsateachnodeofthemesharewrittenintableformat:

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Commandfilesyntax

FIN=endofthecommandfile Eachcommandfilemustbeterminated bythiscommand.

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Documentation

Thecommandswehaveanalysedarethemostcommonand basicones. Ahugedocumentationdescribingallthecommandsandoptions isavailableontheprojectwebsite: http://www.codeaster.org Therearethreetypesofdocuments: DocU:userdocumentationforcommandsyntaxandoptions DocR:referencedocumentationwheredetailedtechnical informationsaboutdifferentsubjectsofthecodeareexplained DocV:documentationofthevalidationtestcaseswherethe testsusedtovalidateallthecommandsandoptionsofthecode aredescribedindetails.
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Documentation Oraincomincianledolentinote, afarmisisentire;orsonvenuto ldovemoltopiantomipercuote. Andnowbeginthedolefulnotestogrow Audibleuntome;nowamIcome Therewheremuchlamentationstrikesuponme.

DanteAlighieriDivineComedyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divina_commedia

ThedocumentationisinFrench.AnEnglishversionwillbeavailable soon. InthemeanwhileuseatranslatorsoftwarefromFrenchtoEnglish, eveniftheresultisnotgoodasthetranslationabove. AFrenchtoEnglishglossaryofCode_Asterabbreviationsis availablehere:


http://www.codeaster.org/wiki/doku.php?id=en:p01_util:p120_terms
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Documentation

Howthesyntaxofeachcommand(DocU)isexplained? Forexample,fortheLIRE_MAILLAGEdocumentation:
acceptedkeywordvalues concept

typeoftheacceptedvalue

optional keyword alternativemutual exclusivekeywords required keywords.

Asyousee,Eficasreproducesthisstructureanditsrules!
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Testcases

HowcanIstartusingeffectivelyCode_Asterforacertaintypeof simulation? BeforetryingtocreateyourFEmodelfromscratch: Getfamiliarwiththebasiccommandswehaveseentoday Searchforinformationsaboutthekindofsimulationyouwantto dointheRdocuments GothroughtheUdocumentsforthecommandsyouaregoingto use(commandfiletemplatesareusuallygiveninRdocuments) StudythetestcasesavailableinCode_Astercoveringthe commandsyouwanttouse
eachversionofCode_Astercomeswithahugetestcasebase.You canfinditin$ASTER/$VERSION/astest

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Code_Asterversions

ManyversionsofCode_Asterareavailableatthesametime. Youalwayshavetwoversions: anoperatingversion(atthemoment,version9)


Thisistheofficialreleasetobeusedfordailycalculations Thefeaturesarefrozenandbugcorrectionsareguaranteed.

adevelopmentversion(atthemoment,version10)
Thisversionmustbeconsideredtheunstablerelease Featuresareaddedandremovedandbugcorrectionsare guaranteed Thesyntaxofthecommandcanundergoheavilymodificationsat eachnewrelease Thisversionshouldbeusedonlyifyouneedanewfeaturenot availableintheoperatingversion.
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Code_Asterversions

Foreachversion(operatinganddevelopment),youhavethree branches: theNEWbranch theSTAbranch theOLDbranch Forthedevelopmentversion,aNEWbranchisreleasedweekly followingthenewdevelopmentsofthecode Fortheoperatingversion,aNEWbranchisreleasedeachtimea bugcorrectionisreleased Eachsixmonths,astabilisationofthecodeisdone.TheNEW branchbecomestheSTAbranchandtheSTAbranchbecomesthe OLDbranch Achangeintheversionsisdonesimilarlyeachtwoyears.
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Code_AsterattheUniversityofManchester

I'veinstalledandImaintainboththeoperatinganddevelopment versionsofCode_Asteronthefollowingclusters: RedQueen Mace01

Herearethedetailsoftheavailableversions: developmentversion: NEW10 STA10 OLD10 NEW9 STA9 (version10.2.6) (version10.1.27) (version10.1.0) (version9.4.11) (version9.4.0)

operatingversion:

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Code_AsterattheUniversityofManchester

AlltheinformationsneededtouseCode_Asterontheclustersare availableonawikipagehostedontheCFDtwiki:
http://cfd.mace.manchester.ac.uk/twiki/bin/view/Aster/WebHome

Forthemomentyoucan'tuseSalomeMecaonthecluster.
AwikipagewillbesoonavailableexplaininghowtouseCode_Aster ontheclustersdirectlyfromyourlocalversionofSalomeMeca.

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Resources

Salome Freelyavailablefromhttp://www.salomeplatform.org/ Goodtutorials(inEnglish!)explaininghowtouseSalomeare availablefromtheUserSectionofthesamewebsite. SalomeMeca Freelyavailablefromhttp://www.codeaster.org/ (clickontlchargementandthenselectSalomeMecafromthe menuontheleft) CodeAster Freelyavailablefromhttp://www.codeaster.org/ (clickontlchargement)
DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Resources

AllthesesoftwaresrununderLinux AnunofficialportingofCode_AstertoWindowsisavailableatthe followingaddress(I'venevertriedit):


http://www.necs.fr/gb/telechargement.php

AnofficialportingofSalometoWindowsisavailablefortestingat thefollowingaddress:
http://files.salomeplatform.org/cea/adam/salomewindows/download/

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010

Thankyouforyourattention!

DanieleColomboAnintroductiontoCode_Aster8July2010