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PROJECT REPORT ON

TRAFFIC ENERGY HARVESTING AND AUTOMATIC STREET LIGHTING

Submitted in partial fulfillment for the award of Degree of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY In ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

SUBMITTED BY: Gitanjali Budhiraja (0515331029) Komal Bhat (0515331035) Mansi Sharma (0515331043) Shikhar Hasija (0515331071) PROJECT GUIDE: Mr. Ankit Shankdhar

SKYLINE INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, GREATER NOIDA (UTTAR PRADESH TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, LUCKNOW)

India ii . Gautam Budh Nagar. Greater Noida – 201306 Uttar Pradesh. 03.2008-2009 PROJECT REPORT ON TRAFFIC ENERGY HARVESTING AND AUTOMATIC STREET LIGHTING SUBMITTED BY: Gitanjali Budhiraja (0515331029) Komal Bhat (0515331035) Mansi Sharma (0515331043) Shikhar Hasija (0515331071) PROJECT GUIDE: Mr. Ankit Shankdhar Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering Skyline Institute of Engineering and Technology Plot No. Knowledge Park – II.

2.7 LIMITATIONS CHAPTER 3: CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION 3.1 RESULT AND CONCLUSION 3.1 ROAD SENSOR LOGIC 2.2 FLOWCHART 2.3 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM 2.3 PRESENT SCENARIO CHAPTER 2: TRAFFIC ENERGY HARVESTING 2.4 SUB-ROUTINE CODE 2.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM 2.1 OVERVIEW 1.2008-2009 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page DECLARATION CERTIFICATE ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ABSTRACT LIST OF FIGURES CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.5 PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS 2.2 LIGHT SENSITIVE LOGIC 2.2 FUTURE PROSPECTS IN INDIA APPENDIX A APPENDIX B APPENDIX C APPENDIX D REFERENCES 23 24 26 28 34 36 42 9 10 11 14 16 21 22 7 1 3 5 iv v vi vii viii iii .2 DISCOVERY AND INSIGHTS 1.2.6 ADVANTAGES 2.

: 0515331071 iv .DECLARATION We hereby declare that this submission is are own work and that. : 0515331035 Signature: Name : MANSI SHARMA Roll No. : 0515331043 Signature: Name : SHIKHAR HASIJA Roll No. : 0515331029 Signature: Name : KOMAL BHAT Roll No. Signature: Name : GITANJALI BUDHIRAJA Roll No. except where due acknowledgment has been made in the text. to the best of our knowledge and belief. it contains no material previously published or written by another person nor material which to a substantial extent has been accepted for the award of any other degree or diploma of the university or other institute of higher learning.

Lucknow during the academic session 2008-2009. Sonia Vashisht (Project Guide) v . L. Prof.CERTIFICATE This is to certify that Project Report entitled “TRAFFIC ENERGY HARVESTING AND AUTOMATIC STREET LIGHTING” which is submitted by Gitanjali Budhiraja. Jalali (Head of Department) (Electronics and Communication Engineering) Ms. H. Komal Bhat. Mansi Sharma and Shikhar Hasija is a record of their own work and is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of degree Bachelor of Technology in Electronics and Communication Engineering of Uttar Pradesh Technical University.

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering. It is only his cognizant efforts that our endeavors have seen light of the day. Tech Project undertaken during B. His sincerity. Skyline Institute of Engineering and Technology. Sonia Vashisht. Greater Noida for her full support and assistance during the development of this project. Signature: Name : GITANJALI BUDHIRAJA Signature: Name : KOMAL BHAT Signature: Name : MANSI SHARMA Signature: vi . We would also like to take the opportunity to acknowledge the contribution of all faculty members of the department for their kind assistance and cooperation during the development of our project. Final Year. Ankit Shankdhar. Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering. Tech.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT It gives us a great sense of pleasure to present the report of the B. Kshama Pandey. Greater Noida for his constant support and guidance throughout the course of our work. thoroughness and perseverance have been a constant source of inspiration for us. We owe special debt of gratitude to our lecturer Ms. Skyline Institute of Engineering and Technology. and Mr. We also take the opportunity to acknowledge the contribution of Ms..

However piezoelectric generators are more expensive. We can produce electricity anywhere there is busy road using energy that normally goes to waste. coal. In practice. vii . These systems are more efficient and than the dynamo and roller pair. Alternative or non-conventional or renewable energy resources are very essential to develop for future energy requirements.Name : SHIKHAR HASIJA ABSTRACT The world’s fossil fuel’s supply i.e. The motive of this project is to develop an automatic street lighting system which utilizes the energy from the movement of vehicles on road and the solar energy available from the sun. To further save electricity all street lights are switched on only when there is a vehicle or any traffic on the road otherwise only the alternate lights are switched on. The rate of energy consumption is increasing and the supply is depleting resulting in an energy shortage. The electric energy thus produced by means of piezoelectric generators is stored in storage batteries and utilized during night to power the street lights along with solar panels attached to the lights to provide more energy. A dynamo attached to a roller is used for this purpose. the roller will rotate causing the dynamo to generate electricity which is stored in a battery. natural gas will be depleted in a few hundred years. special generators called piezoelectric generators that convert the applied mechanical stress into electricity are embedded in the road. The project titled “Traffic Energy Harvesting and Automatic Street Lighting” is based on non-conventional energy generation. Every time a car passes over the roller. petroleum.

1: Block Diagram Fig 2.7 Sensor Construction 7 12 16 17 17 18 19 viii .5 Piezo-crystal with force applied in the opposite direction Figure 2.3: Piezo-crystal with no force applied Figure 2.6 Material Configurations Figure 2.2: Circuit Diagram Fig 2.4 Piezo-crystal with force applied Figure 2.LIST OF FIGURES Figure Pg Fig 2.