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Kasahorow on Macs: Igbo 

[Maka mma nile asụsụ na okwu Igbo maara] 
Kelechi Isiodu for Igbo Fonts and Typography 

    This guide incorporates screen dumps to show how to install. a separate product called the Ukelele may be used. To modify the layout. they enclose a bit of text which you are very likely to see as part of your system. Use of the Ukelele is covered by the guides given by that producers of that and only cursory reference is made to that software system. to look them up. activate and use kasahorow’s product or keyboard layout to type the under-dotted characters of the standard Igbo language and alphabet-on a Macintosh without going through the character palette. a way of doing this  without going through or using the  character palette. it means that ‘System Preferences’ occurs as part of your operating system setup. like so <>. this guide shows for the  Macintosh case.    For some time now. Googling obliges one happily. if you see <System Preferences>. Such terms might bear using a dictionary. Italicised words or text like so: introduce special terms both to the operating system [Mac OSX] and to the science of writing and fontography. depending on the particular operating system you are working with.    It has been possible to use the character  or symbols input palette on both kinds of  computer Macs and PCs to input the  diacritic‐bearing characters of the Igbo  language. Tour Guidance: Every time angle brackets are encountered as part of this guide. At the time this guide and reference was made (March 2013). So. both products could be accessed via the various websites of the involved companies and were free of charge and Ukelele was an open source project. .

. Yoruba and Hausa.4 and later … OSX is now at version 7 – Lion. version of Kasahorow’s pack. This guide was produced for an installation on 10. Opt to download the Igbo.1 Download the product Download the package best suited for your operating system.

. Log out and log back in to ‘bed-in’ the installation.2 Unpack and install the package When installation is complete.

3 Logging out and logging back in .

you also see the tabs. you choose the language of your Mac. This particular installation adds three new languages to your options. Igbo and Yoruba languages as fresh additions. To configure the Kasahorow installation. All these languages share a similar icon and are not differentiated . <Formats>. A cursory check reveals that your Mac now boasts the Hausa. you need to access the Input Menu. top row sandwiched between the Dock and Security icons. <Languages>.Now that you are back in from logging out … you need to go to the control panel for Macintoshes … <System Preferences> and reach the ‘International menu’ in the <Personal> heading first row among the sections and settings: This is how that place under <System Preferences> looks like on the 10.4 Tiger system … You can see where we are headed: the icon third from right. <Input Menu>. figure out your regional settings and such. Under the International settings.

according to national flags as you see some of the other languages have. Checking the box adds that language to your ‘input menu’ and makes it available for use within the wider applications of your Mac. We call this ‘Modding the flag or the icon’ … Let us check out a few graphics or screen dumps: . They now form a part of the options you have for your Mac. You need to check the box for the particular language you do want to use. Later in this guide we show you an optional further step you can take to add a colourful logo or flag beside your language choice to personalize your option.

Hopefully you should have something corresponding to a similar situation with your option of languages available through the same place on your screen. logout and restart the system at this point it—it is part of bedding in the process as before. [It generally is good practice to save.4a locating Igbo ^^ 4b Activating the keyboard layout ^^ So. British. beside the clock at the very top of your screen—click on the presently selected icon or flag. A check mark is presently set against <British> on my system. Go ahead and click on <Igbo> to set the check mark ✓ or ‘good tick /mark’ against Igbo on your system. Set the check mark ✓ against the <Igbo> among your language options. Vietnamese and Igbo. Igbo has . it will be time to test your Igbo keyboard layout installation.] Once you are back. You can see in the graphic above that I have presently on my system a selection of three languages.

✓ Time for the Union test: First of all. It is important to also test that you can get your diacritics on browsers. I have Mozilla’s Firefox and Apple’s Safari installed. Play around a bit and see how keys map to typing on your own system. opt to <show the keyboard viewer> – this presents a ‘virtual front face’ of your installed and active keyboard layouts (See examples at the end of this document).4 characters bearing diacritical marks (these are dots or accents with which they are designated in the ‘standard’ orthography [Onwu]). The currency symbol was inserted via the character palette and appears to be the only ‘character. … Typing and getting these characters essentially concludes this method for the keyboard. I am currently working on an old Tiger Mac <10. but the method has been successfully tested for more . It is possible to include this ‘₦’ together with any keyboard layout fashioning tool that works for Apple Macintoshes like Ukelele for instance—but this is a more advanced topic and delves beyond the scope for this guide.11>. Now. follow the sense of the visible layouts to produce the sequence <ụñṅọị₦> or in CAPS … ̣<ṶṄI̭ O ̣ ̭ ₦>.4. Use the shift and Cap buttons while observing the keyboard layout to see how the arrangement of your keys is modified. with Igbo showing. glyph or letter’ of interest that the developers did not think to add generically to their keyboard layout. Yoruba also has diacritics but we will perform the test for an Igbo case: installation and activation.

The particular ways of doing this do not form part of this guide. working on such systems and transferring [cutting+pasting] the text later to Word Mac.6. The latest machine or specification on which this method was tested. is Snow Leopard <10. my system would not use this Igbo keyboard and pressing the corresponding keys produced no results. we reckon. I could use the method successfully but on my Word Mac 2008. each time for your Igbo text production is well worth the time taken to both install the product and using the guide to activate it. savvy customers will recognise Biafran colours.3> … The browser: In Apple Safari. The graphic below shows the state of your Igbo Keyboard. To mode your keyboard’s flag icons is a special skill. where it can be ‘marked up’ and styled and formatted. Still. for instance. yet many advanced users can manage it.modern machines. on my Word Mac 2004. . top right hand corner – the characters produced. together with obviating the need to use the Character Palette. Yet there are work-arounds: using a common text editor like ‘TextEdit’ or ‘X-PAD’. The graphic also shows a ‘Moded’ icon for my Igbo Keyboard. shown via the inbuilt keyboard viewer. which this tool affords. One Caveat: [Author’s Notes] It seems versions of Word Mac might quarrel with recognising your characters. that having the ‘fluency’ and ‘ease of production’. the amount of native Mac applications which can recognise it and which afford it easy compatibility.

Part of Thought Experiments. If you spot errors or merely want to discuss the method or . Happy Igbo Fonts Producing … This guide has been prepared by Kelechi Isiodu For Igbo Fonts and Typography.In Ukelele: The command+shift+3 keys highlighted in both layout graphics demonstrate how to capture screen dumps on a MAC.

facebook.isiodu@igboft.Fonts and Encodings for the Igbo Language or the ways and Means of modding your flag icon.isiodu@facebook. Kelechi. Write to Kelechi. We hope you find the guide useful. Write to us @t Igbo Fonts and Typography is also an Igbo Language Studies and Advocacy group. .com Thank Or if you prefer Facebook.