Commentary О Surah Yusuf
(The 12th Chapter Of G'lorious Quran)
Abdur К а Ь е е т
Subulas Salaam
United Kingdom
В у HadhratAqdas, Sheikhul Mashaikh, Tutorofа Н , FounderofMadaaris,
LecturerofSahih 1 Bukhari, HadhratМ а и l a n а А Ь и Sulaiman YusufIbn
SulaimanMotalasahib,т а у A1lah blessuswithhis о т р a n у andgranthim
longlife. т е e n .
Translation у SheikhMahmood Chandia
___________________7afs'eer о г У ш
Т п the п а т е о Allah the most compassionate the most merciful
The dearest о и а Abdur Raheem Sahib, lecturer in Hadith in Darul о о г п
В и г у т а у Allah protect т requested т е to provide а preface о т his
с п е п work, а п exegesis ofSurah Yusuf. This surah comprises и Ш р е
disciplines ofstudy, such as astronomy, geography, mineralogy, sociology, т с
Т sciences ofthenoble Quran are limitless с е and amanifestationofthe
quraruc verse:
Say: Iftheocean were ink(to write out) thewords ofmy Lord, then surely, the
о с е would dry р before the words ofт у Lord finished, even ifWe г о
another similar с е а п о г its aid. (Q. 18: 109)
At the beginning ofthe surah the following introductory г is contained.
The words al-kitab al-mubln ('the Manifest Book'), provide the п а т е ofthe
Book. The words п а anzalnahu ('indeed We have revealed it') reveal the
source ofthe Book. The words quran а п и н у а (' г а Ы с Quran') п г о п ц с е
tl1e Book. The words, ahsan al-qasas ('the most beautiful ofstories') indicate
а specific chaptertitle. Likewise the quranic words la а а з и з и у а к а ('do 110t
relate о ц г dream') supported у the hadith 'do not relate visiol1except to а
Ь о о п с о т р о п о г intelligent person ц г р о п etiquettes oft11e science of г е а ш
and their interpretation. The words/ayakidu а ш kayda (' otherwise п е у will
concoct а plot against у о и substantiate the р т е в е п с е of п е п of esoteric
knowledge п о whom г is disclosed and future eventllalities е с о г п е
unveiled and that the articulation ofsuch knqwledge should not е held as
improper. The words wa kadhalikayajtablka rabbuka ('and о Lord wiH
choose о и indicate the science of disclosures and character е т е п
Effectively, each word seems to unfold body ofknowledge that the reader of
tllis work would е с о т е acquainted with.
1sllpplicate to Allah that т а у Н е establish this work as а source ofbenefit о г
а л :7I1-2asas _
е author, its readers and Н who assist in the printing and publicationofit.
This surah, as 1have previously stated, contains о п а о п about situations
t11at boththeр е о р е of distinction andthe masses Т intheirworldlylives.
It exposesthe hiddenj ealousy ofProphet Yusuf s brotherstowardsп п п andhis
subsequent separation о г п his father, Prophet Ya'qub р е а с е Ь е и р о п him)
\;v'ho virtually 10st hisе у е sightdueto lifetimes 10nging forandremembrance of
his belovedson. This raisesthequestion: what impact didthis separationhave
о п tl1e mother? LikewisehowdidthelateHadratМ о и а IslamulHaqq Sahib
(ex-Shaykh ul-Hadith ofDarul о о В ш у and his wife, who were also
separated о г п their son during his infancy whilst residents amongst Hindu
с с п п п ц п п у in India, liveout theremainingthirtyfive yearsoftheir lives? The
Prophet а qub р е а с е Ь е и р о п him) however was eventuallyrepatriatedwith
bls son during the latter part ofhis life whilst the latter was the Govemor of
Egypt. Н е at this point, was also п о п е ofthe lengthy sequel ofevents,
\vhichcharacterised his son's life. Thisincludestheperiodofhis son's infancy,
enslavement and ofcourse the extent to which Zulekha and other Egyptian
womenwereinfatuatedwithШ А В ofwhichisrecordedin greatdetail inthe
О ц г а п
П п з infamous infatuation hasproduced numerous а л а п у е з invarious mediums.
М у п а т е is also Yusufand approximately25 years ago 1had с с а ы о п to stay
il1 Egypt о т а short while. А few months ago, 1related to MOlllvi Irshad, т е
т а т ofHoward StrcetMosque, Bradford п а п е с с о т е of п Е у р а п ZLlleklla
р п о г о 11is dcparturcto Egypt formarital purposcs. The п е с о с is as foJlows:
\NI1CI1 I wasjust у с г twcnty-fivc ycars oragc, 1rcsidcd il1 Egypt о г <1 Sl1011
\I/Ili/c.;. I liv(xl п а П а tllat was sitLlatcd о п top Г а П С SI10P о п MajJis al­
S11;1'h Strcct п а г о This ш с с с п l.llC I_agl1irigli п tl1C vcgctablc markct.
J altcl1<Jc(1 а local Mosquc, Wl1icIl was 1()C;1tC(1 sliglltly orrtllC а п г о а 011 а
si(Jc slrcct, /iJr tl1c fi у с (jai у praycrs. J\ t П О С I с с а 111 а С ш с witll
Г С с р с р с \V110 wOlI](1 а с с о р а п у П С (ILlril1g 111CiI" р а г с timc. Т н С С
\\/c.;t-c.;: Vlltllamtlla(! а а Г а п cxlrcl11cly COLlrlcOLIS р С Г О Mi(1I1al а
1;111 ;11)(1 sJIIIII/1(liY)(]llal al1(1 MIIsta[:1 al1 c.;xccptioll;11 ю а р а у с г ()Il OIIC
____________________7afseer о C5urahYusu{
occasion1arrangedtheir co11ective names in verse of poetry and recited it п
theirpresence. Theywereа exceedingly charmed у theverseandс о т ш п е ш е с
that it resembled Hariri' sMaqamat. The verse was:
1eulogised (madI1) Muhammad the chosen п е (al-Mustafa)
А three regularlyvisited е at у f1at afterthe Asrprayer and occasiona11y1
would а и р о п them at their residence.
О п о п е instance, Muhammad invited е to his house for т е а after Isha. 1
noticed о п arrival that extra special а е п о п had е е п paid to р г е р а г е the
т е а We indulged in о п е г а о п in the presence ofhis parents and other
membersofhis familyinthecourtyardofhis house. At п е point, в п а г п г п а с
and Midhat took т е to а о т inside the house where Muhammad' s sister,
Zulekha,was alsopresent. Л е г а shortconversation, Midhat,pointingtowards
Zulekha а п а с п п tlle capacity ofher е п ш ю п п е о е '1marry her to
у о п п а о е п о е п с у а п to gatherthe п meto make
anabsolute е с о п о п а matterof а г а п ю ш п р о а п с е 1 О Ш myself п а е
to deliverа positiveг е р о п е andс о п е п г е е с о п oftl1e proposalimpolite,
1remained е п but п О п the п е т а п о botl1 М ц л а п п п а о а ш М к й т а
а г и с ш а т е с their anxiety and о п the о т л е г е ш despite е о р е п doors
а е ш р е to convince е .i.U '011 с о г п е о п Ь у т е г е р а п е у е з
despondel1t а р р е а г а п с е а п tl1e п е О Л е г ю г е п е а о а п sl1e \vas п fact
р е г о п с а о п oftl1e verse ... = :..; liJ) а г к п е е slle did desil'e ш
В ш despiteп т у Ь г а п у о ш т а п а Н п п р е о п п е г п з of г о о с о а п г е о п Ь е п
п о п с х т в т е п т а п \vitllOlIt \vitl1cssil1g а п у с а г р г о о а с о п т а ш с о \\'it11 п п т е
ш а П т с ч ш а п с vcrse ш к т е (iesiHxi т с г tiiti о ш а п Г с 1tiiili
р с г к к й с а й у г с Г С t11is.
М у Sl1aykll, Н а г а S11aykl1 О а п Mtlllal1l111atl а а г у у а а у
Л а а с I11Cl\:Y Щ Ю о а г Illal а l1atlill1 П с tlS 10 aL)slail1
li'Olll \\ii Iltll а п t)1'0111CI"S posscssit)[1s ю 10 Г с с а н 11bltk ю
а п C\Pl'L'ssioll г с olllCl,\'isL' IlblI о г п Н Г L'111Si\L' L'VL'll Щ Ю
а л _
1experiencedа similarscenario. Zulekha andher familyextendedа marriage
proposal with the utmost reverence, courtesy and according to the Islamic
8uidelines, but 1didnot oblige.
As а consequence ofleaving Zulekha heartbroken, when 1intended to е
marry at the ageoffifty, twentyfiveyearsafterthe о о м е incident,1continued
to hear theechoofher brokenheart in theр т е в е п с е ofMuhammad andMidhat
,vithtwostreamsoftears flowing е е у п о т her eyes. 1wouldalsofindmyself
llttering with distress: )s. 4 'Oh у о в в due to forsaking
п е г andsupplicating infavour ofZulekha, т andМ о п occasion
thiswouldЬ е supplemented withthepetitionofProphet Yaqub р е а с е Ь е и р о п
ш п .J# J.i .)1;:' :il 'Allah is the О п е whose succour is sought'
(Q. 12: 18). Eventua11y у т andcontinuous supplications overwhelmed
thebitterness ofZulekha's broken heartandт у heart's aspirations werefulfilled.
At present, the invocationofProphet Yusuf(peace е и р о п him) remains п
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М Lord! Indeed о и have bestowed п т е sovereignty and taught е the
п е г е а о п ofdreams. OhCreatorofthe heavensandthe earth,У о и are у
Protector inthisworldandtheHereafter.' (Q. 12:101). But it fails to continue
vvith the words j Jj е death as п е submitting
to our Will and let т е Ь е п о т amongst therighteousesdue to the infancyof
т у children, MuhammadandSulayman.
М у ardent aspiration remains thatт а у MuhammadandSulaymandevelop into
complete personificationofProphet Yusuf, ProphetYaqubandtheirsuccessor
Prophet Muhammad р е а с е Ь е и р о п them and1, in у finalmoment, utter
vvith ultimate contentment 'Grant е [Oh Lord!] death as п е submitting to
у our Wi11 andlet т е Ь е п о т amongsttherighteous.'
(HadratМ о и а YusufMotala (Sahib)
В у SisterAatikaВ о г а
SurahYusufis taleofт у contradistinctions Л о у е andlonging andр а е п
forbearance in the а с е ofloss. It providesа compelling с с о п ofthe п е
reward о г р а п е п г endurance. ThisTafseer is powerful antidote totheг п о о е г п
values ofinstant gratificationthatWestemMuslims inparticular, aspire towards.
Т lessonofSurah Yusufis inspiring. Theе х с е е п с е ofProphet Yusufs
charactershowsthat lastingcontentmentcomesthroughobedienceto AllaJh..
The trialsthat ProphetYusuf experienced, wereЬ о т throughhis digni1:y
Allahgrant us the strengthto fulfil our devotionsЬ у aspiringto thebeautyof
ProphetYusuf М а у thelovethat he hadfor his family visitthereaderа п ё
inspireЬ л п withthe greaterlovefor AllahandHisMessenger
Allah bestow Maulana Abdur Raheem with renewed success in в п п й а г
endeavours and reward п п handsomely for..enriching the reader with his
___________________ а р е е г
Foreword у Т Ь е Author
е п у S11eikh, Hadhrat Maulana llsufMotala Sahib М а у А Ш givehimа
long and prosperous life) п а у requestedт е to writethe Tafseer ofSural1
Yusuf forourmonthlymagazine, Subulas Salaam, 1wastakenaback insurprise
а л awe, for1considered mysel fneither quali fied, norworthy fortheundertakjng.
However, sinceone's parentsandteachersа г е constantlystressingthe virtues
ofrespectingthe wishes ofо п е s elders, 1concededto the request before е
andtook р о п to writingthe Tafseer.
At the inception,the weight ofthe responsibilitydawned р о п т е Having to
р г е р а г е forт у lessons throughout the week, as teacherofSahih Muslim and
Mishkat Shareef,1found time to е а major restraintduringthe weekdays. So
1settledinto habit ofwriting the Tafseerо п Sundays, after Fajr SaHlh.
В у theGraceofAllahandwiththeduasof т у Sheikh, Al1ah to lighten
thetask, 311d graduallythe'burden' oftheresponsibilitygavewaytothesweetness
ofresearchandwriting. That is why п е г п а у noticethat 1was unableto write
much commentaryinthe е л п ofthe Surah, however, inthe latterр а п а 1
have tried to cover as а п у topics as possible.
IfI was asked as to the reason why у Hadhrat chose the Tafseer ofSurah
Yusufin particular,1would not knowthe answer. However, 1т а у venture о
say that SurahYusufhas у aspects, especial1y lessonsregardingр а п е п с е
(Sabr), 311d thoseregarding dreams311d theirinterpretations. Nowadays, people
р а у very littleattentionto г е а ш в When person's life is engrossedin sin, е
is п о г е apttoseeanig11tmare t11311 а sweetdream. Ifsomeonewatches television
till the latehours ofthe nig11t, thenfal1s asleepandneglectshis Fajr Salah,how
с а п he expect to see а meaningful dream? This is why people have а deep
neglect of this science. And if someone does relate а trlle dream and tlle
interpretation tums out to е Т then а п у people refuse to accept ttLis
and simplymake и п ofsuch people. As the sayinggoes: \.,4>:- LJ ,J"'\..J\
'People showhostilitytowardsthat whichtheydo not know.'
х Ш
Jf1lsan _ Л а а
М у Hadhrat's а т е is Yusuf LiketheProphet А а ь blessed
п п п with the wisdom of т andtheir interpretations. Hadhrat veryoften
sees dreams, which tum out to е as clear as the stroke ofdawn.
Recently, just beforehisdeparture forSouthЛ с а tovisithis agedmother,his
'wife-whilst carryingtheir youngest son in her arms- slipped down flight of
stairs. Both were injured with the child having to е taken in emergency for
т г е а п п е ш When1heardoftheincident, 1approached Hadhratto consoleШ т
Н е smiledandrelatedа т he sawthenightbefore.Н е said, Т dunyaof
т isAjeeb (Amazing). Sometimes theAngelof т comesandwams
llS ofsomethingwhichis goingto happen."Т he said, "1saw that the
rnajlis ofHad11fat Sheikhrahmatu11ahi alaihi wastakingplace. Hadhrat beckoned
е and1was goingtowardsп п п М а и а MunawwarHussainSahib а great
Kha1ifah ofHadhrat) rnet г п е о п theway and startedtalkingto е 1listenedto
Ь п п then 1mentionedthat Hadhrat was calling е so 1had to go. е obliged
andwe parted.1turned aroundto see that he startedclimbingsomestairs, and
1stoodtheremotionless whilehe т forhewas elderly and1felthemight
п е е о е assistance. Afterclimbing fewstairs, he tumbled and е ftomstep
to stepintoа hawz(pondforwudhu) that was at the end.1rushedtowardsп п п
andpulledhimout.1thoughtthathemighthaveЬ е е п fatally injured. However,
he openedhis eyesand said, '1 am alright'."
О п с е he (Hadhrat) saw that the sun was rising in such manner that cross
\\'as embedded in it. е felt very grieved and related the dream in а very
distressedmannersaying,"Wе hadhoped fortherising т and yet 1see
tllis?" Then few days later he said, "The dream has е е п constantly п т у
ш п and 1 т realizing that thecrosswas morelikeа plus signin maths.1feel
that the sunshouldnot е interpretedaccording to its spellingbut accordingto
tbie pronunciation, whichwouldЬ е 'son' . 1have feelingthat З about
to bless е with а son and perhaps not just п е but more owing to the plus
si;gn." т с а т е true. FirstA1lah giftedhimwithMuhammadandthen
О с е hesaid, "1 sawMaulanaAhmadul1ahSahib н thefonner
Stleikhul Hadith ofJamiah Hussainiyah. е с а т е to у house at the Darul­
___________________'lafseer О й
Uloom and 1was we1coming him." The next day Maulana's grandson, Hafiz
Uwais, was brought to the Daml-Uloom for admission. Hadhrat said, "This is
the interpretation. Maulana а т е to intercedefor his grandson' s admission."
Hadhrat is alsogiftedwiththe abilityto interpret dreamsiriа wonderfulт е г
Maulana YusufMamoon Sahibrelatedthat he sawHadhrat Maulana а ш ш
Haq Sahib rahmatullahi alaihi in dream after his death. е saw п п in Nebo
Street in verypleasant mood wearingbright white clothes. е had tasbeeh
in his hand. Maulana а т о о п asked ш п "Hadhrat! Haven't о и died?" е
replied. "No 1amalive."
Upon hearing the dream, Hadhrat replied, "When person sees someone after
his death as though he is still у е this means that Ш given him tfte
rankofashaheed а Martyr)." а Ь "They are alive" andAllah gives
this rank to whoever he wills.
The Hadith says that the dream of а true believer is п е р а п ofthe forty-six
parts ofNubuwwah. п another hadith the Prophet said, "Nothing о ш
Nubuwwat is left except for Mubashshiraat." The companions asked, "What
areMubashshiraat Rasoolullah?" е replied, А gooddreamwhich М ш
sees or which someone else sees for him."
Hadhrat saw dream, which tumed out to е т г ц е Н е interpreted
thedreamofthe kingaswell asthedreamsofthe imprisonedones.Т Р г о р л е в
used to have ц е dreams, so much so that Ibrahim preparedto
beloved son, 1smail о п seeing dream for three consecutive nights. О ц г
Prophet used torelatehis dreams andwould interpret the dreams as seen у
the Sahabahradhi Allahu и т
The Ulama ofthis Umrnah have followed the Prophet in every field and,
consequently, theyalsosee П е dreamsandgiveinterpretations tothem. о п
the recent scholarsareHadhrat Maulana RashidAhmad Gangohi rahmatul1ahi
alaihi,HadhratMaulanaQasimNanotwi rahmatullahi alaihi.
Hadhrat SheikhulHadithMaulanaMuharnmadZakariyyal1 rahmatullahi а Ъ
х у
а л 71f..2asas _
was alsoanexpert inthis field. Н е writes in п е replyto letter, У our dream
ofki1ling snakesis gooddream,asit means'killing' conternptible, vilehabits.
ItwouldЬ е а greatgiftofAllah killed-off у badhamtsaswell asthose
ofyoursand Н т у friends."
п anotherletterhewrites: "Donot р а у so muchattention to г е а ш е 1fyou see
а pleasant dream thank Ш And ifyou see disturbing dream then recite
j-' у thenspittoyourleft. Thisis whatwe haveЬ е е п taught
inHadith. Dozensofpeopleseedreamsregarding thehumblewriter. However,
1myselfsee very few dreams. 1don't у е п mention to people that 1sawthis
о г е а ш - yourfirst dreamthatsomeoneispreaching andthe ш е ofRasulullah
isplacedthere;is quiteclear.The JanazahofRasulullahdenotesthedeathof
lllsSunnahs. ThatRasulullahisrubbing hishandsoverhis а с е indicates.his grief
and distress over the situation ofthe Muslims. our own grief in the dream
showsyour feelings overthestateofMuslims, which о mostoftenmention.
М а у Allah ourdeenandт а у he givesome sukoon(tranquility) to our
In another letter he writes: Т о see oneselfclean shaven in dream depends
ц р о п thereligious inclination ofthepersonhavingthedream.Ifhe is religious,
ш е п it is gladtidingofforgiveness. 'The dwellersofJannah wi1l е hairless
andbeardless Н а о п п However, iftheperson isirreligious thenthisisemulating
П т е Kuffar. (i.e.thepersonт а у have beardinrealitybut hemight Ь е copying
ш е Kuffar in some other way). 1)) your casethe secondinterpretationcannot
Ь е taken into account,therefore, the firstо п е is definite."
Т о summarise, dreams do have meanings. 1fа person sees dream which he
t1links couldhold some meaningthenhe shouldenquire aboutitsinterpretation.
В у the grace of Almighty Allah, the Tafseer has е е п completed. 1would
categoricallyadmit that this humblework does not dojustice to what З s
",,'ords deserve. It would have е е п an impossibility for sinful person like
myselfto write п the Paak an:d Pure words ofThe Almighty. 1fsomething
good has е е п brought forthit is throughthe Graceof З and ifmistakes
have е е п made, then it is dueto у inability- М а у А З forgive т е
__________________7afseer о е г У
But 1am constant1y reminded ofmy Hadhrat's urgings, for у а time the
notionof notcontinuing hadcrossed у mind.But т у Hadhrat's kindwordsof
encouragement keptт е going. а у А а Ь givehim longlife,andт а у hekeep
his blessedshadeover our headsfor as longaswe live.1remember readingthe
words ofMufti Mahmood Sahib in letterto his Sheikh, Hadhrat Sheikhul
Hadithrahmatullahi alaihiН е writes,"1wish1woulddieduringthe lifetimeof
т у Hadhrat becausethen 1couldhave some hope ofdying with т З for the
sanctity ofmy т is alsodue to your Duas andyour blessed т е в е п с е 1do
not know whether 1would Ь е able to safeguard у Т г п а п after Hadhrat, if
Hadhrat were to die before е
Furthermore,1would alsoliketo thankthe groupofstudentswho assistedт е
throughout thediscourses withthetypingandpagemaking. Mostrecently, а б я
IrfanSidyot, а ш AbidGhulam Rasul, Molvi Saeed Mulla, Molvi Ishtiaq
MolviYunusRawatandMolviAsimHafiz. Not to forget MolviIsmailGanga1:,
Sister Aatika В о г а and others who took the trouble of proof reading а п ё
correctingthe earlydrafts.
М а у А а Ь acceptourhumbleeffortsandmakethem sourceof forgiveness
inthehereafter. е
___________________7afreer 0/ e5urahYusu/
Tafseer ofSiirah Yusuf
Authors Note
1 о т т е п с е the Tafseer й з У usufin the а т е ofА Ш Most Gracious
П т е Most Merciful. 1seek His refuge from Н evils and 1very humbly г а у о г
His help in the hard task ahead ofme.
As beginner with о knowledge and о experience ofwriting in English 1have
nothing but high hopes о г assistance from Н а Ь 1have before е various
т г а п ы а ц о п з Ofthe Holy ц г а п from т which 1give т е т е г е п с е to the
translation ofPickthall, thereafterTafseer Majidi and then various others. 1 Н
т г у to make the о п п п е п г а г у as short as possible, giving references о г whatever
1 т
А Brief Account ofthe Siirah
Surah Yusufis а Makkan Surah i.e. а Surah that was revealed in Makkah
before Hijrah. It consists of111 verses and 12 ruku'.s. It is т Surah lisl1f
because the story is mentioned therein. In the previous SUra.h
(Surah Hood), the stories ofа п и т Ь е г ofProphets have Ь е е п related,
in Surah Yusufonly о п е Prophet's story is е п п о п е с Stories ofthe Prophets
are related in different chapters т о г different reasons, but mainly they serve to
console the Holy Prophet the hardships he was enduring. The story of
is mentioned in п е chapter because it was revealed р о п the request
ofpeople. Likewise the story ofAshaabe-Kahfand Zul-Qarnain is mentioned
л т only п е chapter as it was revealed р о п request.'
Cause О С Revelation
М у verses ofthe Holy ш ё п г е connected to certain incidents, which were
ц т е cause oftheir revelation. The Mufassireen rahimahumullah have written
в е р а г а г е books regarding these causes, e.g. т Suyuti rahmatullahi alail1i's
1 Г ш п 01' М а о т а п а ldrees Khandhalwi
Ь а л _
'Lubabunnuqul Fi Л Ь а Ь Nuzool' Theseincidents г е quite important because
quiteoftenthemeaningofа verseс а п п о т Ь е understood withoutknowingthe
г е а в о п forit'srevelation.
InthecaseofSfuah Yusuf,tworeasonsа г е mentioned:
1. Sa'adIbnAbi
and the о у Prophet had recited it to the Sahabah for period oftime,
they п с е requested, "Howwonderful it wouldЬ е ifyou alsoconversedwith
ц а thus A11ah revealedthe verse "A11ah has sent down the best speech."
Then they said, О Prophet ofA11ah tell us story!" and A11ah revealed
SfuahYusuf andthe verse, "We г е to о и а verygoodnarration. "2
2. Dhahaaknarrates :fromIbnAbbas "TheJewsquestioned theProphet
$ regardingthe situationofthe Prophet Yaqub and his sons, especially
Theyenquiredas towhy andhowthey а т е to Egypt whilst they
v{ere origina11y fromС Syria." ThereuponAllah Sfuah З
MaulanaAbdul MajidDaryabadi writes in Т е е г Majidi', "Thestory ofJoseph
asgi е п inthe о у О ш ё п is similarbut not identical totheBiblicalstory; the
atmosphereis whollydifferent. TheBiblical storyis like folktale in which
п ю г а hasп о р а с е Itstendency istoexalttheclever, financia11y mindedJew
against theEgyptian, andto х р certain с andtribal peculiarities in late
Jewishhistory. Josephis shownasbuying р а thecatt1e andthe landofthe
poorEgyptians for theStateunderthestressoffamine conditions, andmaking
tlleIsraelites rulers overPharaoh's catt1e. TheQur'amc story, п theotherhand,
ismorethan merenarrativethanahighlyspiritual sennon, explainingtheseeming
contradictions of1ife, theenduringnatureofvirtuc in world full off1uxand
changeandthemarvellous working ofAllah etema1 purposeinHisр as
unfolded to us п thewidecanvasofhistory."4
1nowbriefly mention story п the authorityof П а т а Suyuti's
г YusuI' 3 - Khazin
а Г с с г MUJi(li 35(,:2
__________________ e5urahYusu/
.'DurreManthur'. Pleasenotethat someofthe contentsaredebatableandshall
Ь е explained duringthedetailed о п п п е ш а г у
П ш Jareer and1bnAbi Hatim have related о т п Suddi, that Suddi has said,
"Prophet Yaqub in Syria and ms с о п с е г п was п у for ms two sons,
Yusuf and ms brother Binyamin Their fathersextreme у е for Hadhrat
Yusuf causedtheotherbrothersto е с о т е jealous ofhim. Hadhrat Yusuf'
о п с е saw in в dream that е е у е п stars, the moon and the sun were in
prostrationbefore him. Н е infonnedhisfather ofthe dreamandhisfather advised
Ь п п О т у son,donotrecount thyvisiontothybrethren, lesttheyт а у scheme
а plot against thee." Whenthenewsofthe dreamreached hisbrothers it inflamed
theirjealousyandtheyе х с а ц п е о "Surely YusufandhisbrotheraremoredeareI'
to our fatherthanwe, whereaswe are band"(theywere tenin number) О ш
fatheris in manifestе п о г indeed." Theymeant that he is surelywrongin his
judgmentof us."SlayYusuforcasthimawaytosomeland, yourfather's solitude:
wi11 Ь е free for о и and о и will е thereafter р е о р е favoured" he means, .
seekrepentance forwhat у о didwithhim.Thenа speakerfIomamongstthem
said(thespeakerwas ahuza) "Donot slayYusufbut cast п п п intothebottom
ofthe well, some caravanwil1 take ц п и р if о и п ш в т Ь е doing." When they
haddecided overit, theyapproached theirfatherandsaidtohim О our father!
Whyis it thatthoudoesnot trustuswithYusuf?" е replied, "1 will neversendl
him in your о т р у for 1 lest wolfт а у devour him, while о и are п
neglectofhim. said,'Ifthewolfdevouredhimdespite ofournumbers, we
shall surelybe 10st." Thushe sent them.
It was п у when theyhadreachedthe opencountrythat theybrought to ligh1
their enmity. One ofthem begantobeat so Ы triedto seek
help fromanotherwhoin tUm tookover andalsohit him. е foundthat о п е
were merciful and theybeat т т ti11 he was close to death. Hadhrat У usuf
began screaming and saying, О father, Yaqub, ifonly о и were to о т
what is being done to о ш son у his halfbrothers." When the brothers had
nearly killed him ahuzacried(tohisbrothers), "Didn't о и giveт е anoaththat
у о и wouldnotю Yusuf." Theythentookhimto wellandbeganto10wer ш
in, btlt thesidesobstructedhis descent.They tiedms Ш al1d pulled offhis
s11irt as е pleaded, О brot11ers! Givebackт у shirtso а у covermyselfwitl1
· 71hsan 71f.2asas _
it intheweH." Insteadtheytaunted, С а Н о п theelevenstars, theт о о п andthe
suntoentertain о Н е с п е ё "1 didnot seeanything." Т lowered himhalf
way downthewell thenlethim go, thinkingthat he wouldЬ е killed,but there
was water in theweH andhe landedinsideit without у hann. е got о п to
largestoneandbeganto crywhenhisbrothersbeganto а him.
They thought they should crush him with boulder, but ahuza got р and .
stoppedthern, he reminded thern, У havesurelygivenт е anoaththat о
wouldnotю Н him." Т У ahuzawouldbringfood toп п п
Before returning totheirfather theycaught smallgoat, slaughtered it and й е г
spreadingits blood п HadhratYusuf shirt theyapproached their father
crying.HadhratУ aqub heardtheirvoices,becomingfrightened he asked,
О т у sons, what has happened to о Has some problem с с п е with
your goats?" replied, "No." Sohe asked, "Whathashappened toYusuf?"
Theysaid: "Father! Wewent offracingandleftYusufby ourthings,so wolf
(fevoured himandthough wiltnotputcredenceinus."Meaning, willnotbelieve
11S Т we arethetruthful). У aqub weptandscreamed at thetop
ofhis voicethenasked, "Whereishis shirt." brought himtheshirtcovered
\vith false blood. е grabbed the shirt and threw it п his а с е and began to
е е р untilhiswhole а с е wassmeared withthebloodffomtheshirt.Н е cried,
"Thiswolf, т у childrenis merciless,so how did he eat Yusuf, and did not
Thereс а т е а caravan andtheysenttheirwaterdrawerwholetdownhisbucket.
Yusuf took hold fthe rope at the bottomandappearedover the side. As
soon asthepersonwho hadthrownin the bucketsawш т he caHed to п е of
ttiscomparuons whowas о asBushra. е said, О Bushra, thisis child."
The brothers ofYusuf р о п hearing thisс а т е and infonnedthem that this
vvas а slaveoftheirs whohadrun away. Theywamed in their own
language thatifhe и beingtheirslave, theywouldsurely Н him. "Doу о и
t]hink weс а п retumwithу о и t6 Yaqub whereas wehaveinfonnedhimthat
а wolfhas eatenу о и theycried. Hadhrat О т у brothers!
with е to у father Yaquband 1will bear the responsibility ofhis
happincsswith о и and1wi]] ncvermentionthis (incident) to о и е у е г But
__________________ а р е е г о e5urdYusu{
theyrefused, so usuf said,"1 amtheirslave."
Т thetwoт е п purchased him. Т thenfeared whattosaytotheircaravan
members ifthey askedwhere theyhad got him. So, They said, "Wewill teH
them that these are somegoods we purchased at the weH", the ш а п в а у в
'they hid him as merchandise. And they sold him for mean price! fe'h'
counteddirhams' (Thesumwas oftwentydirhams).
They took to Egyptwherethe ofEgypt bought him, andtook
himtohishouse. Н е saidtohiswife"Makehislodging goodly. Perhaps he п а у
profitus orwemaytakehimas ason." Hiswife е inlovewith
saidto ш О Yusuf, howbeautiful hairyou have!" Н will
Ь е the first part f у body to а Н out and е scattered around." She sai<i,
"Whatbeautifuleyesу о и have!"Н е replied, Т wiH е the firstpart oftllle
body to flowto the ground."Shethensaid, О Yusuf, What beautiful а с е ils
yours!" Н е said, Н isforthesoilto eat." С о т е о п О thou! Т isin theС о р п с
language,he said, А Н а Ь refuge(1 seek), he (theК is у lordand е
has madeт е а goodlydwelling, so1won't betrayhis trustwithhiswife."But
shestayedо п himuntilhebegantodesire her. Shebesought himandhebesougllt
her sotheyenteredthehouse(andsheclosedthedoors),he was aboutto р е п
himself р whensuddenly there wasbefore himа vision ofhis father з и Ь
standing inthehousebitingо п his finger. Н е wassaying, О Yusuf, donot haye
intercourse withherbecause о и arelikeа birdintheskythatcannot е caught.
Whenу о и а Н о п her о и will Ь е likethesamebirdwhenit dies, it fallsо п thle
earth and cannotprotect itself. У о и arelike an х whichhas never Ь е е п used
(in the fields)and ifyou а Н о п heryou will е likethe same х when it dies,
water entersthe roots ofits hornsbut it cannotkeep it away."
Thus,he puHed himselftogetherandproceeded tothe exit. Shecaughtи р with
him andgrabbedа handful ofhis shirtftombehindandtoreit. thre'h'
it downandhastened towards thedoqr. bothfound hermaster(hercousin
brother)sittingЬ у thedoor.Uponseeinghimthewomanexclaimed, "Whatils
the need ofhim who intended evil towards thy household except that he е
imprisoned or an afflictive chastisement?" Н е triedto seduceт е so1pushed
him away ftom myself and1torehis shirt." said, "No, she seduced
.'Jlhsan _
т е andи р о п refusing, shetookholdofт у shirtandtoreit off т е Н е г cousin
eoncludedthat therealitycould п у Ь е found ftom the shirt.Н е said, "Check
, andseeifthe shirtis tom ffomtheftont, о п у thenshe istrueandhe is ftom the
liars. Andifit istom ftom theback,thenshehas liedandhe is ffomthetruthful."
Н е п с е whenthe shirtwasbrought,hefoundthat it was tom ftom behind, sohe
said, "Verilyit is the guileofyou women, the guileofyou women is mighty.
Yusuf1 Т и т awayffomthis,andthouО womanaskforgiveness forthysin." Н е
said, "Donot do thisagail1." Andthewomeninthetownsaid, "Thewifeofthe
К has solicitedher page.Н е has inflamedher with о у е
'Shagaf (theroot ofthe word) mentionedinthe о у О ш а п means strikeю
Ъ е heart, whichis о as themouthofthe heart. The statementmeans that
1:he у е enteredtheskinandreachedthe heart. Thensheheardoftheir cunning
1:alk. "She sent to them а messenger and prepared for them а banquet and
providedeachwith knife."and citronto eat. Thensheordered to
enter unto them. When he madehis entryandthe women saw him, they were
completelytakenaback. Theybegantocut theirhands thinkingthat theywere
cutting the ftuit. They were saying, "How perfect is Ш No п а п is he
(Yusuf); he is п о Ы е angel."
She said, "Thisis whom о и reproachedт е for. Assuredly1solicitedЬ п п but
е abstained."After е lladopenedllisclothing,1don't know wllat made him
cllange his mind. Yusufsaid, О т у Lord! Prison is dearer to е than wllat
thesewomen с а т е to."Meaningun1awful intercourse. е п thewoman said
to her llusband, "This Hebrew slave has degraded е amidst tlleр е о р е Н е
ш excused himselfby te11ing themtllat1triedto seduce ш and1can'tgo and
te11 tllemstoriesas we11 (makeexcuses),so eitheryou grant mepermission to
80 out and make excuses like е is doing, or put him into prisonjust as о и
ш е imprisoned е Tllis is wllereА а Ъ says, Т е е а е it occurred to
them е у е п after they had seen the signs'. Meaning tlle tear in tlle shirt, tlle
cuttingoftllehandsetc, to imprisonhim for season. "Tllereenteredwith him
two youths in the prison" The king е с а т е angry with llis baker who was
plottingtopoisonhim soheimprisoned т alongwithhisbut1er (winebearer).
У Ъ е п entered the prison he said, "1 interpret dreams." п е ofthe
youths saidtohispartner, С о т е о п wewill test thisHebrewslave." Theytold
ofdreaming something, which they in reality had not dreamt about. They
fabricatedа story and interpretedtheir fabricateddream. Thewine
bearer said, "Verily1sawmyself pressingwine" and the bak:er said, "Verily1
sawmyselfс п и р о п т у headbreadwhereofthebirdswereeating." Yusuf
told them, "No food wi11 not о т е to о ц for your sustenance, but that
beforeit comesto о и 1shallhavedeclaredto о и the interpretationthereof."
gavethe interpretationofthe dreamssaying, О п е ofyou wi11 о ш
о ш wine forhis master." Meaninghe wi11 Ь е retumedto his original state. "As
for the other he wi11 е executedandbirdswi11 eat offhis head."
We break: the lengthystoryhereandcommencewith detailedcommentary()f
Tafseer Of Surah Yusuf
___________________'7afseer О г У ш
Tafseer OfSurah Yusuf
From the briefaccount ofYusuf s story we т а у deduce some similarities
between and our Holy Prophet $.
П т е beginning s prophethood was marked у а true drearn. Similarly
Ummul Mu'mineen Aishah radiyallhu anha п а п а е Т п е first'signs о
revelation to the Holy Prophet If! were through true dreams, whatever е
dreamt would occur like the light о dawn "5
Yusuf had drearnt that eleven stars and the sun and moon were г о г а п
before ш which meant his parents and his eleven brothers will prostrate е ю г е
him.The interpretation becarne reality though after а lengthy period oftime.
Т п е brothers ofYusuf werej ealous ofhim, they beat him and tortured him
in many ways, and finally did their utmost to slay ш Nevertheless, Yusufili,§\
kept patient and steadfast, seeking Allfth help, and Allfth granted him
dignity and victory, however when the brothers а ш е before him he said 1:0
them, Е е п о п е р к о а с п Ь е о п у о и today, М а у Allrih/orgive о и and е is
the kindest o/the kind. never complained о г did he mention their
evils, rather he forgave them and bestowed upon them many favours and gifts.
Similarly, the Prophet ofAllah was taunted and oppressed in а п у ways.
The Quraish tried to ю him, but he stayed steadfast upon Allah
When they с а ш е ш ш е г his command after the conquest ofMakkah he recited
the same verse, Е е з п о reproach be/all у о и today, т а у А Ш /orgive о и
о з he is the kindest о the kind. " С о У о и are the/reed ones. " Н е also
gave the many converts greatportion ofthe war booty gained in the Batt1e()f
Н а which took place straight after the conquest ofMakkah. е gave thelll
и р to а hundred carnels each.
Yusuf s story showed his abstinence and piety. Even though he was in his
р ш е youth and the desire for women and the temptation to commit sins was at
its peak, he still safeguarded himself, with Allah help ofcourse. This ShOVfS
5Bukhari 3, Muslim 231, Tirmizi 3565
п _
Ithat Prophets are sinless. They cannot commit sin becausethey have gained
П т е special attentionofAHah. theirgooddeeds andthroughconstant
г е г п е п ю г а п с е of Ш
1recaH here storyofLoot inthebible,whichsaysthatwhenAHah's wrath
liescendedи р о п the whole town and as result Н its inhabitants were killed,
only Loot andhistwodaughters wereleftbehind.Thedaughters thoughtto
1hemselves that now that the whole townhas perished,we would not exist у
Ilonger unless we think ofа way ofbecoming pregnant. They knew that their
:father would not commit adulterywith his own daughters, so they plotted to
!sive т п some wine andmake him drunk.Accordingly,theymade п п drunk .
о п the:first night andtheeldersister 'ithhim, thenо п thesecondnight the
younger п е did the same. They both g{)t pregnant and the generation which
110W exists are the offspringofthese two girlsandtheir father.
Howfalseis thisstory! Indeedit must stemй о т п theadditions madeinthebible
Ь у some insane people. Who would want to accept that he is an illegitimate
child?Howс а п aProphet ofAllah. suchа gravesin? П е baselessness
ofthe storyis self-evident.
М о г е о у е г 1was mentioning that Yusufi%:§1 safeguardedhimself against the
offerof beautiful, youngvirgin. Similarly, suchoffersweremadetoourNoble
Prophet if, in his early prophethood, when the people ofMakkah offered to
marry п п to their prettiest daughtersin return for п п forsakinghis mission.
The о у Prophet however remained steadfast. (,
Г ш п Ю Г
___________________7afseer о e5uraliyusu/
Verse 1

"AlifLaam Raa, These are t1,e verses oji1le Manifest Book."
"AlifLaam Raa.. "
These г е abbreviatedletters, AI-Hu1'ooful Muqatta Ш Much has е е п written
about meanings. Some commentatorssaythat they г е names Ш
some say that they г е the names ofthe Sfuah's in which they г е mentioned.
This а п Ь е understood in Surah й в е е п Т а Н а Sad, Qafand Noon etc. The
majority ofMufassi1'een say that they г е а secretcodebetween their Revealer
and to whom they were revealed (i.e. Allah and his г о р л е г
А Ь и Bakr Siddique used to say, Т п every book tllae к е з о т е secrets
and Alldh fkj's з е с п а з in the Qu1' а а п е tlle е и е з т tlle beginning oftlle
SU1'ah з
Ali used to say, Т п every book the1'e а п е some р е с и и м ю т tlle р е с ю
wo1'ds ofthis book а к е the и к о о и Hija. "
Umar Ь п К Uthman Ghani and Ь п Mas'ood ш е said, Т н е
Muqatta Ш а к е п о т those т у з г е п е з Wl1iCll с а п п с а Ь е е ..... р и и п е а "
п other words, between each writer г к to Ю а letter is г е ш е г е а г е
some signswhich а п о п у Ь е understoodЬ у П ю two. Si111ilarly е г е а г е some
indications in these letters, whicll о г п у AlIall а г к l1is Н о у Prophet
ц п с е г ы а п с We а е е Ь е е п ordered to believe т л е г п а г к о г each letter we
recitewe shal1 е с е г у е tenН а г а п а п so [orAlif а а т а а we gail1 30 Hasanah.
Qadhi Baidhawi т п т а ш й а п alail1i has givel1 т е г е а г е г п а г к а ш е verdict
regarding the Muqatta Ш 11e says, ш п а г Ь е е п п а т п с а f1'011l the
е а е е а otlle1' SaIUl!Jall::t, с о н м с а п tlmt theil'
а л _
explanation is not intended. But at the same time they could е indicating
ю х с а т з the miraculous nature ofthe Qur'dn."
This couldЬ е explainedin twoways:
1. The А г а ш е a1gebra from 'Alif и р to У а а consists of 29 letters. The
М и а а и а Ш а г е a1so from the same 29. The Н о у О ц г й п is a1so compiled
Т the same 291etters. The kuffarwho areс а П е п with the у О ц г Я п
a1so conversethroughthe same1etters. The Qur' а п с а П е п the disbelievers .
in numerous verses tobringforwardа work likethe Qur' а п Nonewas Ь е to
<10 so п theyadmittedtheir failure. Sowith theselettersА П а ь remindsthem
1:hat this book is not preparedwith ChineseAlphabet,rather it iswith the same .
a1phabet, whichу о и use п с у о и shouldЬ е а Ы е to tack1e it. If о и с а п п о т do so
Ъ е п this п that thisbook is not Muhammadsbook - It is ffom а very high
sourcei.e. the Lord ofMuhammad fi п the Lord ofthe Universe. Thus, the
п ш а с ш о в в natureofthe о у Qur' а п becomes manifest.
2. о г е а ё the alphabeticalletterscorrectlywith theiroriginalpronunciationis
the work of person who has е е п to the Madrasah and learned under the
guidanceofа п Ustadh (teacher). М у daughter Aishah а п fluent1y talk in her
mother tongue;Gujrati. However, if shewas askedtoreadthe Gujratialphabet
she would never е а Ы е to do so, because she has not leamed them.
There were п у three learned persons in the whole ofMakkah, who would
г е а ё out letters п write their reply for the п
А person who has never visited а Madrasah in his whole life а п п о т read or
р г о п о и п с е the alphabet. For such person (i.e. Muhammad fi) to п о и п с е
theseletterscorrectlyis quiteimpossible, р е с а П у whenhe mentions them in
а remarkable manner whichcannot е doneЬ у а п у о п е except highlyeducated
person e.g. the letters used in Muqatta Ш are 14, in 29 Surah's they are
rnentioned inhalvesaccording totherulesofTajweed п thosementioned are .
ones mostlу used in theArabic п etc.
So Muqatta Ш shed some light п the miracle ofthe Qur' п through the
___________________7afseer о Ь
Sahib-e-Qur'an (the о п е who brought it to us).
"These verses are 0/а manifest book.... "
А manifest book means, о п е whose divine character is explicit and the
commands, constitutions, sermons and instructions, are bright and т е а г
The Arabic language is described у the words 'manifest' and 'clear' in many
other verses ofthe ш А п а indeed this Qur а п isa revelation {'}/the
Lord 0/the Worlds. Т /aithful spirit (Angel Jibraeel) с а е down with it.
р о thy heart that thou shouldst Ь е о п е o/the warners. Т п plain Arabic
languagf!. " Т е the revelation is in plain Arabic language.j8
"Language o/thatone to whom they re/er is non-Arabic, whereas this
(the Qur а п в language) is very clear Arabic. "9
The Holy Prophet has ш е his followers to speak Arabic. Н е once said т о
the "Whosoever has capability 0/conversing in Arabic must
not speak п о п А п и п с language, Б е с а и з е the non-Arabic languages create
hypocrisy. " (Ibn Taymiya п the authority ofAl-Silafi ttom Ibn Umar
Н е also said, Т are three reasons о being attached to Arabic; 1. I
а т а п Arab, 2. The words o/the Qur д п are Arabic and J The о п у е к з а и о п
0/Jannaties shall е in Arabic. "(Ibn Asaakir о г п Ibn Abbas)
Umar Ibn says, "Learn Arabic, because it is part ofу о ц г deen."
(Introduction to Maqamat у Maulana Idrees kandhalwi)
Arabic is the oldest language п Earth. In 'Roohul а а т ' it is stated that
when Adam was created he was taught Arabic and he used to converse т
Arabic. When he made the mistake ofeating о г п the prohibited tree, he was
sent to Earth and Arabic was taken away ttom т he was then taught anotheJr
language called Suryani. After acceptinghis repentance, Allah Arabic
7Uthmani 1040:2
8Surah Shu'ra 92-195
9Surah Н а М е е т Sajdah 40
а л :7Jf..2asas _
1:0 him. Then as time went п and his children spread, they invented other
А т а Ы с has а п у qualities. It is sovast that for expressing п е meaningу о и с а п
jJndplenty ofwords and for п е word there are several meanings e.g. 'Lion'
has:fivehundredwords,for 'sword' thereareо п е п words, for 'calamity'
ш е г е are four thousand words, and for 'snake', two hundred words.
Verse 2
"We have revealed а Qur а п in Arabic so that У о и т а у understand
и "
A.rabic is the most versatile, а п ё weH ordered,wise п ё grand п It has
Ь е е п с п о в е п fortherevelationofthe ц г а п As theHoly Prophet
а п А т а Ь the :first audienceofthe Qur' а л а г е alsoArabs. So through the Arabs
this lightshouldЬ е spreadto Н fourcomersofthe Earth.The words У о и т а у
ш indicate thisfact, i.e. п е ofthe reasons forrevealingin yourlanguage
is thatу о и arethenationofthe Prophet so:first о и shouldtasteitsknowledge
and secrets theiImake others taste them - And о п happened.
Ь п Kathir writes: "The most honourable book, was revealed in the most
п о п о и т о е words, и р о п the most honourable Prophet, through the most
honourable angel, and this took place in the most honourable part the
earth (Makkah), the beginning o/the revelation was in the most honourable
month о the year which is Ramadhiin, so it is per/ected п о т all
channels. "10
Some scholars say that theJews taught the polytheists ofMakkah howto test
П т е Holy Prophet у questioning him about the story П а с о Ь and Joseph.
This storyexistedintheHebrewlanguage (whichtheArabsdo not understand)
}O!!thmuni 1040:2
___________________7afseer О durdyusu/
so А Ш revealed this Sfuah and п а п а е the story in Arabic so that the
Arabs could understand
With regards to there being Non-Arabic words in the Qur' anthere is difference
1) Ь lJbaydah ofthe opinion that there is not а single non-Arabic word
in the о у Qur' an. Н е supports his view through the verse before us, i.e. А
Qur д п in Arabic. "
2) Ibn Mujahid and Ikrimah г е ofthe opinion that there are sorne
non-Arabic words in the Qur' an e.g. 'Qistaas" 'Sijjeel '. 'Qistaas' is о т а п
word rneaning 'Justice', and 'Sijjeel' is aPersian word rneaning 'Stones of
К says, В о т opinions are correct; in the sense that the words
mentioned are originally non-Arabic, but when the Arabs used them in
their conversation, they Ь е с а е Arabic and are now regarded as Arabic
words, though originally derivedfrom another language. "12
Verse 3
UWe narrate unto о и t/le most beautiful stories, ill t/zat we /zave
illspired in у о и tbls Qur'iin, tllougl, be/ore (its narration) о и were 0/
tl,e и н а м г а г е "
..We narrate... "
lt is ц в ю г п а г у ofthe Almigi1tyLord that е uses Ь е р г о п о ц п ofр ш г а in many
12K 11'IZill
а л :7If.2asas _
у е г з е в ofthe о у О ц г а п Even though е is the п е and only God, е has
п о partnersnor anychildren;Н е usesit to showHis Pride andDignity. Indeed
Н е aloneisworthyof Н prideanddignitythatprevailswithintheuniverse.
Н о у Prophet п а п а т е з а saying ofА ш Р п а е is у upper sheet and
1Jignity is т у Lower sheet, whosoever attempts о separate them т т
т е 1shall throw him in the fire. "
Н е also said, Т п с о т р а п з о н о А Ш fJ4f, there is п о п е who loves being
praised so much. "
So it is only е who is worthy ofall10ftyranks, е is the Lord, the Majestic,
1:he Creator, andthe SustainerandonlyН е isworthyof А Н Praises.Т iswhy
Н е usestheword 'We'.
1clarified this matter because it so happened that п с е а group ofCruistlan
missionaries pretending to е attracted to Islam entered the Jami Masjid in
Prestonandstartedshowering questions п theImam.Т mainquestionwas
,;vhat Ihave indicatedabove, i.e. 'IfА ш thenwhy does he say, We
ш е done this, We have createdthis etc.?' Theword 'We' points towards the
The answeris very clear from what 1have said above that the use of'We' is
solely to show His Pride andDignity. Do they not seethat the Queen uses the
pronoun We inher address to thenation п ChristmasDay!
The same ц г й п whichuses 'We' hasrejectedanypartnership to Н а Ь
saying, "Surely those disbelieve who say Alldh is the third o/three. "The
О п г в п declares the unity ofGod у saying, Б а у Н е is Alldh, the о е
Alldh'the eternal besought о а Ц Н е begotteth о nor was Н е begotten.
And there is п о п е comparable unto Him. "13
The answer is very clear. М а у the Almighty а Ь safeguardour т and
keep us steadfast upon the straight path. т е е
"The most beautiful о stories... "
The indication is either towards thewhole Qur'an, as the ш consists of
г Ikhlaas
___________________7afseer о <5urahYusu/
stories ofthe previous nations to take heed ftom, о г towards the story ofYusuf'
because it is ful1 ofwisdom and knowledge.1t consists oftales ofkings"
slaves and scholars ofthe time, the evil plots ofwomen, being patient in the а с е
ofhardships put р Ь у enemies, forgiving them when they о т е under п е в
command, and other benefiting factors ofthe Sfuah.
Ataa rahmatullahi alaihi says, "Whichever grieved person recites Sural.!
Yusuj, he will get о т о п through и "14
Some Ulama say that this Surah is named the best ofп а п а о п because е г е
is о other Sfuah in the о у Qur' an, which consists ofso muchwisdom and so
т у lessons as this Sfuah. The final verse ofthis Sfuahverifies this, "Indeed
there is in their stories institution о т е п endured with understanding. "]5
1 о и were
е unaware....
Hadhrat а а Idrees rahmatullahi alaihi writes, Т are
three sources о knowing something: с о т т о п sense; Ь у listening to
someone or reading book; Ь у seeing it with о п е з own eyes. "
Т previous stories have п о connectionwith о т т о п sense, as the events 0:[
the past а п п о т Ь е known through о т т о п sense. The Noble Prophet i3 dicl
not hear these stories ftom у historian. Ifsomeone says he heard the stories
from а particular Jew г Christian then he should make the identity ofthat
person known. The Noble Prophet i3was unlettered so it is impossible to say
that he а у have read those events in book. Furthermore, which books were
available to 100k through them and in which library were they to Ь е found?
Those who object should bring forth names ofsuch libraries. With regards to
the third point, it is apparent that these events occurred 10ngbefore the е г а о
the Н о у Prophet f3, so he was not there to observe them. Now there is о п у
о п е possibility, and that is to know these evel1tsthrough п external source,
which is known in the Shari 'dh as Wahi. Allah through the angel Jibraeel
revealed the stories to him. Thus, his prophethood becomes evident ш
the Miracle ofthe о у Qur' fu1 comes to light.
К п
ш 120:9
а л _
А Н а ш а п rahmatullahi alaihi says in his commentary, Т the
revelation sent down и р о п у о in the о п п о the Qur д п we relate to о
а very п е story in а very beautiful style. У о were not aware this з ю е у
as your people were и е ignorant о it и р to this time. "
This story was found in the books ofhistory п the Bible but in the form of
fiction. Т Ъ е Н о у ш fu1 hasdescribedthestoryin itsп ц е form, anditsrelevant
and useful portions г е so impressivelynarratedt4at it not п у pointed out the
mistakes ofthe е о р е ofthe Book and the storywriters but also led towards
т о г е significant п gloriousconclusionsandprinciples. Right1y speaking, it
opened newchapterofknowledge andresearch п supplieddeep directions
under its ref1ective description. Some of the most п facts п lessons
а г е summarisedbelow:
1. The determination ofА ш cannot е checked, о г delayed, о г put off
Ь у а п у power, п whenAllah tobestowHis graceи р о п а п у individual
п о о п е с а п deprivehim ofthat blessing. у е п the whole world а п п о т п
ttle wi11 ofА Э its co11ected efforts.
2.. Р а п е п с е and perseverance is the key to the success ofthis world and the
р ю р е у ofthe other world.
3. The result ofmalice and envy is but 10ss п degradation.
4. и т а п wisdom is very noble element.В у wisdom, т а п overcomesт а п у
difficulties п makeshis lifesuccessfu1 inbothworlds.
5. Moralvirtue and piety makes т а п о п о ш а е in the eyes ofthe enemies
а п ё malevolent е о р е though it а у Ь е after а 10ng г и п These and other
innumerab е secrets п factsа г е described inthis, themost beautifulofstories.
Commentators havedescribed several traditions abouttheoriginof itsrevelation.
Ъ е substance ofа these traditionsis that п с е the Jews questioned the о у
through the е с с а п Idolaters, about the settlement ofthe Bani
Israeel in Egypt. They asked how they sett1ed in Egypt (that they had to а с е
____. 7afseer о e5urahYusu[
Pharaoh) when Hadhrat Ibrahim and Hadhrat Ishaq and their children
originallybelongedto the country ofShaam. The Muslims have also probably
Ь е е п curious to know the real story full offacts and insights. Moreover, th.e
events and incidents, which were elaborated in the Surah, had parallel with
those с с п п in the times ofthe Holy The revelation was as
such, а great source ofр е а с е and consolation to the Holy Prophet О п tllle
other side it was great lesson to о р е п the eyes ofthe е с с а п people, wh.o
had at last compelled the Holy Prophet to vacate his native land, but failed in
theirplans to bring about the downfall ofthe Holy The Jews, whose
questions were characterisedЬ у а malicious test to disprove his Р г о р п е ш о о с
got а satisfactory answer to their query but still resisted from believing in his
Prophethood. However, the main cause ofthe settlement ofBani Israeel in
Egypt is the story ofHadhrat Generations ofBani Israeel spread
there till Hadhrat Musa rose and emancipated them from the slavery of
Pharaoh and the Qibtees."
Verse 4
When Yusufsaid to hisfa.tller, 110 Р а т е п 1 saJi' ill а dream eleven
stars and tl,e sun and е т о о п 1 SaJV tl,em p,'ostratillg before е "
the son ofYaqub as is stated п aH{blitll п В ц к п а п Т п е
. (
п о Ы е е т о п а й л у son о а п о Ы е С SOl1 о а М С р с г з о н .'1011 о а Ы е
о п е is, У и з и SO/l o/Yaqub о п o/lsll(/(] з о н o{l!mlllim. ..
А п о т п е г Hii(/itll in the Sal1ill says: П т е Р г о р п е г ,vas с о п с И О is
tllc ю з Ы е о а Н е г е р е П з с J10blcst is н 11110 is best
;11 с о н а н с . .. Т С У said, "We о 110t {/sk Ю tllis. .. Н е exclail11cd, Т С
с l10blest is Pmp/lct :!i.."-: .'1011 г о
1111(//, 8011 P/,opllet o.f"AII{l/1 :§f.: 8011 К ю . .. Т С У said,
do not ask about this. " е questioned, Т п е п у о и ask т е about the mines
о Arabs. " (I.e.just as the mines throwout gold, silver, copper steel, о а etc.
theArabsа г е ofdifferent types.)Theyreplied inthe affinnative. е said, Т п е п
Ъ е who was the best people during Jahiliyyah is the best т Islam, if he
attains the understanding religion. "'16
There г е two opinionswith regardsto the а т е Yusuf:
Г It is Hebrew а т е i.e. о п А г а ш с
2. It is п А т а Ы с п а т е
К л а з ш has narrated from Ь и А а "Asa/literally means grie/
at its highest level, whereas з е е means slave. Both meanings prevailed
in Yusu/thus he was named Yusuf "17
Yusuf8"f§1 was the most handsome child ofYaqub Although his eleven
brothers were also very handsome, Yusuf s beauty was outstanding. In
Sahih Bukhari we read, Т п the night о М е т 1passed у Yusuf 1realised
that he was given halfaportion o/the beauty o/mankind. "18
'Nhen he saw the dream he was seventeen years old. His father 10ved him so
rnuch that he couldn't bear his separation and for this reason when he was
separatedhe cried somuch that he е с а т е blind.
Sayyid Sulaiman Mansoorpuri writes, е stayed in the well for three
days, thenhe servedtherulerofEgypt forsixyears, andthenspent sevenyears
inj ail. At the age ofthirty he е с а т е the govemor ofEgypt. Н е was reunited
\vith his parents at forty and departed from this world at 110. His coffin was
buriedin Egypt.Н е made wil1 thatwhenBani IsraeelleaveEgypttheyshould
tak:e his coffmwiththemandburyhimnear Maqdis. 'Nhen Musa
Egypt withBani Israeel, it Ь е с а т е impossible for thecaravantoproceed. Musa
rememberedthewill so he dug thecoffmout andtookit with
16Bukhari 3104, Muslim 4383, Abu Dawud 4229, Musnad Ahmad 7183,
Muwatta Malik 1573 - Ibn Kathir
18Muslim 234, Musnad Ahmad ]2047
__________________7afseer durdyusa/
himtoBaitulMaqdis whereitwasburiedinthegraveyard ofIbralrimKhalilullall,
alongwithhis ancestors.
"1 saw eleven stars, the sun and the т о о п ... "
К says, saw that the starsdescendedfIom the sky alongwith
the sun and the т о о п and prostrated before him. Н е saw this dream о п а
Fridaynight (thenight precedingFriday), whichwas alsoLailatul Qadr. The
interpretation was that the е у е п stars were his е у е п brothers who were to
Ь е а source of guidance like the stars, the sun his father and the т о о п his
mother accordingtothe opinionofQatada."
Suddi says that the о о п is his aunt becausehis е а mother Raheel (Rachel)
had died.(1t isthe customto а fathers secondwifeasmotherespecia11y when
sheis the mother's sister.)
"1saw them prostrating be/ore т е ... "
К saysthiscouldhavetwomeanings:
1)В у prostrating, it ismeantthattheywouldс о т е underhisrule. Т happened
when they settleddown in Egypt andYusuf was its ruler.)
2) The literalmeaning i.e. puttingthe foreheadо п earth а п also е taken into
account, because in those times it was form of г е ф п Our Shari 'lih has
now forbiddenthis.
In Sunan Ibn Majah we read: 'When Muaz retumed fIomSyria, he prostrated
before the Н о у Prophet The Prophet exclaimed, О Muaz! What is
this? Н е replied, "When 1went о Syria 1saw the Christians prostrating
Ь е ю п their religious leaders and their generals. So 1 thought о myself
that we should do the same о у о и " Prophet of Ш said, Т о not d'o
this! If1 were о order someone о prostrate in/ront а у о е other than
Alllih, 1 would order the wife о prostrate be/ore her husband (due о the
rights he has over her). у Н е who holds т у soul! woman cannot/uljill
the rights о her Lord (Alllih) until she has /uljilled the rights о her
husband. "'19
In Mishkat we read п the authority о П т а т Ahmad rahmatullahi alaihi,
71hsan 71f-2asas _
Aishah radiyaZZahu anha says, "The Prophet was seated between the
Muhajireen and Ansaar, when с а т е а т е forward and prostrated before
the The Sahabah t$.said, О Prophet А Ш Even the animaZs
and the trees prostrate be/ore у о и у о и have more rights over us and
there/ore we shouZdprostrate е ю п у о и Н е replied, "Worshipyour Lord
and respectyour brother" (i.e.he called himselftheir brother due to humbleness
and in order to draw their attention to the fact that he was а human being who
was not worthy ofworship). Then he used similar words to those mentioned in
the а Ь о у е Hildith.
In Ь и Dawud we find the same request from Qays Ibn Sa' ad to which the
Prophet ii!J!; said, "Ifу о и were to pass у т у grave, wouZdу о и prostrate to
it?" е said, Н о "The Prophet replied, Т п е п don '! (prostrate before
mewhile а ш alive and inffont ofyou). "21
Teebi explains, "Prostration is the right %nZy е who is eternaZ, who is
aZiveand does о die, and to who в sovereignty there is п о end. " In other
words the Prophet $ said, У о и might bow down be/ore е due to respect
IvhiZe Г т in т т о у о и Ь и when 1go beneath the soiZ о и wouZddislike
,doing the same to т е " It concludes that у о и would п у prostrate before
:someonewho is alive and that is у А а Ь so о и should prostate before ц п
а ю п е
Shah Abdul Ghani rahmatuZZahi aZaihi writes inthe commentary ofIbn Majah,
"Prostrating be/ore someone or something о worship is Ku(r and
prostrating/or greeting is aZthough о regarded as Ku/r, nevertheZess it is
Haram, because the Prophet i$/orbade the Sahabah /rom doing so. "
()adhi Sulaiman rahmatuZZahi aZaihiwrites, "Yusuf dream is amazing
(jue to three reasons:
1) Seeing е у е п stars with the existence ofthe Sun is amazing because the
19Ibn Majah 1843
20Musnad Ahmad 23331
21Abu Dawud 1828
22Mishkat 282
___________________'.7afseer О e5urahYusu/
stars fade away at the light ofdawn. It is impossible to see the Sun and the stars
2) What is the reason behind seeingjust е у е п among thousands?
3) е saw them prostrating which is also astonishing, as stars с а п п о т prostate
before anything.
These г е the reasons why Yusuf related the dream to his beloved father.
Verse 5
Н е said, О т у dear son! Do not relate your vision to your brothers,
lest they devise secretly а plot against о и Indeed Satan is to т а п а л
openfoe. "
Allama Uthmani writes, Н У aqub to Yusuf;%§\ О о not disclose
this dream to your brothers. The Satan is always lying in ambush о т а п
he т а у instigate your brothers against о и through insinuation, because
the interpretation о the dream is too clear. "
It was not а difficu1t thing for the brothers to understand thle
meaning ofthe dream. П т е у were the sons of а great Prophet and therefore
У aqub ;%§\' s apprehension was not wrong. Perhaps е might а у е also felt
beforehand that the stepbrothers were jealous ofYusufbecause of
the attention and у е their father reserved for him. So Hadhrat aqub
thought that ifhis brothers heard the dream, they would surely do о е щ
Ь to Yusuf;%§\and thus degrade themselves aridmake their end ш
Т Ь е Satan would а у his п ю з т active role in this drama because the г п а п е г
belonged to п о less than Prophet and his family. This was the reason why
Yaqub forbade Yusuf;%§\todisclose his vision before his stepbrothers. As
for his real brother Binyamin, although there was п о fear thathe would а п п
Ь а л !7If-2asas _
Yusuf,it wasvery1ik:e1y thatBinyaminmightdisc10se itbeforeotherр е о р е as
hewas Ь о у youngerthanYusuf andthusthenewsmightreachtheearsof
the stepbrothers. 23
Ru у а а 1iterally means dream. Dreams areofthree types:
1) Hadithun Nafs: The conversation ofthe heart. When р е г в о п engages
himse1fin taskthroughout theday,he а у seethat inhis dreamsat night e.g.
а personin о у е shall seehisbe10ved п е о п е whois engrossed inthe e1ection
sees the assembly halls, students worried about exams sees х а т re1ated
scenes, etc.
2) Adhgaathu Ы а а Disturbing е а г п з Dreams seenthroughtheinstigation
ofShaytaan. These are о ш е teni.:fying, sometimes worrying andsometimes
p1easing; wet dreamsa1so с о т е underthiscategory.
These two types do not ho1d у interpretation. А person affectedЬ у satanic
attacks shou1d recite Aayatul Kursi before retiring to bed. In а Hiidith in
Sahih Bukhari the Prophet has said that ifyou reciteAayatul Kursi before
retiringto bed, Allah wi11 commandan ange1 to standЬ у your bedside and
п о Satan wi11 Ь е а Ы е to о т е с ю в е to о и The ange1 stays there unti1 у о и
3) Ru 'ya-e-Salih: Just and pious dreams. Dreams that а г е free from se1f­
indu1gence andsatanicattacks.
TheUlamasaythatthisis sortofspiritua1 sighting. Whenа personsleepsand
his extema1 senses are out offunction, the spirit observes and 1istens to the
matters ofthe е е п wor1d. Thespirit sometimes 1istens tothesayings ofА а Ь
His ange1s, sometimesit seesorigina1 fonns of wor1d1y thingsandsometimes
theiridenticallsimi1ar appearances whichindicate towards thefuture events e.g.
Yusuf&;!ll's dream ofе е у е п stars, the sun and the о о п bowing before him
which indicates future events. These are the true dreams and they require
interpretations fromanexpertinthisfie1d. IntheHiidith, thesedreamsaresaid
toЬ е the forty-sixth part ofProphethood. Meaningthat theProphetswerefirst
bestowedwith truedreamsandthen with Prophethood.
23Uthmani 1043:2
__________ о e5urahYusa{
Since the Prophets are:ftee :ftom se1f-deceit aswell as :ftomthe instigationsof
Satan, their dreams а г е a1so Wahi. Satan с а п never overpower them; П ш в
whatevertheydreamis reve1ation :ftom Ш Ibrahim dreamtthathe was
s1aughteringIsmai1, his on1y sonatthetime, andhe actedaccording1y.
The Awliya а г е not т а з о о т and thus their dreams cannot Ь е regarded as
Wahi. Their dreamsareca11ed ilhaam. Thedreamsofа saintwi11 е а с с о п
to his virtues and piety i.e. the more piety, the more truthfu1 his dreams. The
average Mus1im'sdreamsaresometimestrueandsometimesfa1se.
Note. Sometimes afasiq or even а kafir a1so sees true dreams. Like in ш
story, the ru1er ofEgypt, а kafir, saw sevencows and seven greenears ofс о г п
and it was interpretedЬ у
Note. Someр п й о в о р п е г е denythe conceptofdreams.Theirmain argumentis
that duringthe s1eep or stateofunconsciousness the sensesofа human е п
а г е out offunctionthus they а п п о т seenor hearnor е е anything.
О п е т а у ask, 'Did theseр л й о э о р п е г в neversee dreamduringtheir1ifetime?'
Certain1y, theymust havedreamtsomethingat somestage.Our answerto their
objection is that the senses aremere1y а creationofА а Ь Н е is а р а Ы е of
showingus somethingwithout the aidofthe senses.
Thedefinitionofdreamsaccording toImamNawawiandImamMazriis, А Ш
createswithin the heart 6fа s1eeper some observationsin the samemanner
as Н е creates within the heart ofthe о п е awake. Н е с а п do whatever е
wishes, s1eep nor beingawakecanstopHim :ftomfulfilling His desire. "24
Every 1ayman cannot conduct an interpretationbfdreams. It needs detai1ed
studyoftherulesofinterpretation. Oneshouldknow fully thelanguage inwhich
the dream was seen, he should know the Qur' an and Sunnah, he should ha'v'e
in mind the interpretationsgivenЬ у the Prophet and у thepious followers
24Marit\11 QlIr'an Khandhalwi, Khazin
Л Ь а л 7lf-2asas _
a:mong the Ummah. Otherwise"si11ymistakes wi11 take а с е and е е а о п
"ri11 Ь е п с о п е с О п с е а person а п а е his dream to the Prophet Л Ь
В а к г Siddique permission and gave the interpretation. The Prophet
said, У о и got some it right, andу о и /altered in some. "
Muhammad Ibn Sireen, who is the Imam ofinterpretation, was conftonted у
а р е г в о п who said, "1 dreamt myseZjgiving Adhaan, " е said, У о и shall
Ь е blessed with а journey о hajj. " Another person а т е and related the
same dream. е said, П е а з that о и shall е engaged in а robbery. "His
s1:udents were amazed at the different interpretations ofо п е dream. е said,
Т п е first person looked religious, and1took interpretation/rom the verse,
, .
'And call unto mankind о hajj. '2S The other person was о а different
з и и е and 1 took the interpretation к о т the verse, Т п е п а herald called
о ш О с а т у а п з о и are thieves. "26 His interpretation proved to Ь е true.
Л Ь Musa а п а е "The Prophet о п с е said, "1saw in dream that 1
а т migrating к о т Makkah to а town о palm trees. М у thought was
г а towards Yamamah or Hajar, then it turned out to Ь е Yathrib а п
earlier а т е o/Madinah) and1 п с е dreamt that 1shook у sword and it
Ь п о к е к о т the centre, this was the tragedy that be/ell the Muslims in the
battle Uhud. Then 1saw that 1shook it п с е more and it returned to the
best o//orms, and this was the conquest o/Makkah and the unity o/Muslims
which А Ш generated о и з "27
Л Ь Hurairah narrates that the Prophet said, "While 1was sleeping, the
treasures о the earth were brought be/ore т е then two golden bangles
were ш о п т у fists. They Ь е с а т е а burden/or е 1 was ordered to blow
them, 1 blew and they disappeared. 1 took the interpretation that they are
the two impostors surrounding е AswadAnasi o/Sana alld Musaylama
о Yamamah. "28
2SSGrah Hajj 27
26SGrah Yusuf' 70
27Bukhari 6514/6519, Muslim 4217, lbn Majah 391]
28Bukhari 6513, Muslim 4218, Tirmizi 2216, Musnad Ahmad 7901
___________________ г О r5uraliYusl1
Note. Ibn Umar а п а е Т i.'1 п о т the greate.'1t/orgerie.'1 that р е з э о п
.'1how.'1 hi.'1 eye.'1 what they have not е е п " (I.e. о п е says that I saw such and
such а dream when he has not seen it in reality. It is regarded as the greatest lie,
because it is lying п А Ш that Allah showedт е such and such drearn
whereas Allah
Note. А Ь и Saeed а п а т е з :fi."Qffi the Prophet $, Т п е т о з correct п е а т з
are tho.'1e з е е п in the early п о и к з о the т orning. " (Since the body has
completed its rest, the stomach is emptyand therefore there is less possibility of
а dream caused у the fillingи р ofthe intestines. Also, this is the time ofdescent
ofthe angels and the time ofа с с е р т а п с е ofduas.)30
"lndeed Satan i.'1 to т а п а п о р е о е "
Another verse in Surah Faatir says, "Verily, Satan i.'1 а п е п е т у to о и .'10
treat т а з а п е п е т у Н е only у и е з hi.'1 а а п е к е з и з that they might е с о т е
the с о т р а п ю п з o/the blazingfire. "31
His е п ш п у with а п started when he was ordered to prostrate before а ш
and he rejected, objecting in а very jealous manner у saying, "1И а у е
Ь е е created п з т fire and he п з т clay. Andfire i.'1 в и р е п о п to clay. So the
з и р е п о к т и з notр п о з т и е be/ore the in/erior. Н е с е а в then expelled from
Jannah (paradise) and he vowed, Т п е п Ь у thy power Il.'1hall lead them и
а з т а у "32 ­
Н е also said, "Surely 1з п а take appointedportion п о т thy о п а з т е п
And .'1urely 1 will mi.'1lead them, and .'1urely 1 will create а л з е а е з и е in
them, and .'1urely 1 will с о т т а п а them to .'1lit the ear.'1 ofthe cattle, ami
.'1urely 1will command them and they will change Alldh '.'1 creation (de/ace
the nature). " (Allah says) "And w/lO.'1oever choo.'1e.'1 "satan /or /riend
in.'1tead Alldh ha.'1 .'1urely .'1uffered lo.'1.'1 that i.'1 manife.'1t. Satan promi.'1es
them and create.'1 in them /al.'1e hope.'1, but Satan '.'1 promi.'1e.'1 are nothing
30Til'mizi 2200, Musnad Allmad 1081О Darami 2053
31 г а Fatll 6
г а Siid 82
::71/isan 7lf..2asas _
Ь ш deception. "33
Verse 6
And thus does your Lord choose о and teach у о the reality 0/ .
events and complete His а у о и т р о у о and р о п the /amily 0/
Yaqub, just as е completed them и р о п your two/athers, Ibrahim
and Ishaq о п п е п у verily your Lord is knowing, wise.
Tafseer Majidi comments, А п а as thou hast seen in thy dream, thy Lord
I1Jill choose thee о His apostleship, and as а и п п е gifi Н е will teach
thee the interpretation о discourses, and will/ulfill His а у о и п з и р о п the
house o/Yaqub. "
С п о о з е у о и ... "
The Sufeessaythat there г е two typesofpeople amongthoseassociatedwith
А Ш 1. Those who а г е chosen Ь у А Ш 2. Those who draw themse1ves
с loserto Ш and attainHisp1easure. А Ш says, А Ш chooses/or Himself
l1/hom Н е wills, and guides unto Himselfwho turns (to Н и п "34
Т Ъ е Prophets г е definitelyfromthe first category, as prophethood а п п о т Ь е
achievedЬ у abundancein worshipor у otherway. Nevertheless, amongthe
ProphetsofА Ш е г е г е some who seem to е distinguished in thisrespect,
for example, ц г Prophet Muhammad is sobelovedto Ш that Ш has
never addressed him у his а т е We study the Qur' ш and realise that п
33Surah Nisa ] 18-120
34Surall Shu'ra ] 3
___________________7afseer 01е и г а Ь У и
someoccasions addresses him withthewords О Muzzammil' о п some
occasions е says О Muddathir' о г 'Ya-ayyuhan-nablye' о г У а а у у щ
In the sameway а Ь has shown this р е с ш й о у е to Musa and Ibrahirn
&;§LWhenwereadthe Ь о у е verse, weunderstandthatYusuf isa1so among
thosewho г е speciallychosenЬ у А а Ь andmost be10ved to Ш
А п а teaches у о и the reality ofevents. "
Т Ь е wordsrea1ities ofeventsа г е verymeaningfu1. Т Ь е у inc1ude the sharpness
and.a1ertness to solvethe most comp1icated matters with ease. The abi1ity to
see events before their occurrence, and the interpretationsofdreams. of
thesequa1ities а п Ь е foundinYusuf&;§\.
specia1ised in interpretationsofdreams. Some scholarsЬ а у е said
that Ь е is the founder of this science. From the Muslim Ummah Imarn
MuhammadIbn Sireen, the great scho1ar is saidto е the Imamofthis field.
"Complete his favours... "
Т Arabicword 'Ni т а п is1iterally usedforcircumstances inwhichа person
gainsp1easure. In theН о у О ц г а п thewordhasbeenusedforintema1, extemal,
religious andwor1d1yp1easures alike:
А п а hath loaded у о with His favours both without and within. "35
А п а ifу о и would count the bounty о А Ш у е cannot reckon и "36
Т п е path о those whom Thou hast favoured. "37
Н е (Jesus) is nothing but а servant о Allah) о п whom we bestowed
favour. "38
Takingtheseverses intoaccount we е а т thatthe а у о ш fulfilled п Yusuf
а г е ofа kindsandthebiggestfavouramongstthemis apost1eship.
35SGrah Luqman 20
36SGrah Ibrahim 34
37SGrah Zukruf 59
38SGrah Zukruf 59
71hsan 71f.2asas _
Т п у lord is knowing wise. "
В у endingthe versewiththesewordsthereis anindicationtowardsthereason
for thepreference ofYusuf i.e. sinceА а ь knows everythingandsinceН е
is themost wise,Н е haschosenу о и А а ь anotherverse: "AZZdh knows
best with whom to place his message. " There is also an indication that the
knowledgeandwisdomwhichYusuf goingtoreceive is ftomп о п but the
К о andWiseCreatorHimself.
Verse 7
"Verily in У и в ц and his brethren there а г е signs (0/Alllih 's
sovereignty) о the seekers (o/truth)."
Tafseer Uthmani comments, "Those who want to е а lesson(reachsome
г е Ь у suchstories, for themт п е г е areа т р е signsof guidanceand lessonin
Ъ е story ofYusuf andhis brethren. Hearing this story, mark of
powerandGIOlYofЛ а ь inscribedinthehearts. Theproofofthetruthfulness
ofthe о у Prophet is obtainedin that he has divulgedthehistoricalfactsso
1horough1yand clearly, thoughheis 'Ummi' andhasп о т learnt ftom у mortal.
No explanationto this fact а п Ь е given except that Divine Revelation had
1aughthimand informedhimabout thehistorical detai1s ofthe past. For the
who had enquiredabout thisstoryat the incitementofthe Jews, there
is greatlessoninthat as thebrothersofYusuf drovehim out ofthehouse,
plottedhismurderandexpulsion, anddegraded himimmensely. At lastо п е day
theyс а ш е to т remorsefully andinutterdestitution. Allah Yusuf&#l\
to the high ranks ofspiritual andmaterial wealth andglory, and he in retum
tumed blind у е to the faults ofhis brothersand forgavethemwith an р е п
lleart. SimilarlythebrethrenoftheHoly Prophet schemes against
Ы т troubledhimmercilessly, attackedhis о с е п с е andprestigeand final1y
c:ompelled him to е а у е hishome. Soontheday а т е whenthe sunofhis glory
shone and after few years the historical day ofThe е с с а п Victory а т е
'Vvhen theН о у Prophet $ forgave his countrybrotherstheirpast faults.saying
__________________7afseer 01e5urdYusul
the same wordswhichHadhrat Yusuf:%!§\ saidto his brethren.
н •.. and his brethren.. "
Yusufhad о п е real brother,Binyamin, andtenhalfbrothers. Thenamesare as
1. Reuben, 2. Shamoon, 3. Laawi, 4. У ahuda, 5. AsPkaar and 6. а Ь Ш
these six are from the wife 'Leah'. 7. Jadd and 8. Aaashar, from slave girl
'Zulfa'. 9. Naftali and 10.Dan, ftomslavegirl 'Balha'.39
As mentioned before, it must е kept in mind that Yusuf:%!§\'s brothers we[e
notР г о р л е в Thereisneither у Islamic narration nor у Israeli story е л
their prophethood. This is theopinionofIbn а а п Ibn Kathir,Ibn Taymiyah
andAllamalJthmanirahmatullahi alaihim.
Some scholarsheldthe opinionoftheir prop'hethood. Theirmain reasoning:is
through the verse, HWe revealed р о т and т and Ishaq and
Yaqub and the tribes, etc. "The indication oftribes is thought to е towarcls
the sons ofYaqub :%!§\.
However, Ibn Kathir says that the said meaning is merely о п е possibIe
interpretation. The other meaning which is much stronger is that since th.e
ProphetsofBani Israel were from theprogenyofYaqub the indication1IS
towards those Prophets and not towards the sons of"Yaqub А а Ь kno\\"s
Note: tenbrotherswhoplottedagainsthim andinthe end ц э ш
was victorious. Similarly there were ten tribes ofQuraish who were the
most activeinhurtingо ш beloved Namely, 1. и Makhzoom,2.
В а п ц Adyy, 3. В а п и Т а т е е т 4. В и Asad, 5. а п и Umayyah, 6. В а п и
Saheem, 7. и Hanifa, 8. а п и Abd-ddar, 9. В а п и К а а Ь and 10. В а п и
Nawfal. They embracedIslamin the п ё
а л 71f.2asas _
Verse 8
R'ecall, when they said, и и и and his brother (Binyamin) а г е
dearer to о и г father than we, whereas we а г е т о г е и than
they, and indeed и г father is in а clear mistake.
Н е г е Tafseer Majidi relates the verses ofthe Bible, which are quite similar to
tJ:le Qur' а г п с verses.
The Bible says, "Now IsraellovedJoseph о к е than all his children, because
he was the son о his old age. " 41 Н л з /ather loved him above the rest о
his sons, both because о the beauty о his body and the virtues о his
mind,/or he excelled the rest in prudence. "42 П р о п Joseph centered the
love о his а т е з " 43
А а т а Othmani writes, 'Badhrat aqub ;%§\loved Yusuf;%§\andhis rea1 brother,
Binyamin very much because they were younger than their stepbrothers. Their
ш о е had died so they required more с а г е and о у е Moreover, Hadhrat
Yaqub through divine revelation, had understood that the future ofYusuf
high1yresplendent. Beside that, his extraordinary beauty ofhis а с е and
his character attracted the attention ofHadhrat Yaqub His stepbrothers
\vere dissatisfied with this behaviour. Theythought that it was they who stood
tJ:le ш п е ofп е е being powerful band and were the р ofhis old age, while
Yusuf and Binyamin were п у chidren without expectations. With these
ideas in mind they said that, Т /ather was in great mistake (or manifest
е т о п regarding that afJair, and he did not evaluate his profit and loss. "
О ц е в й о п Why did Yaqub;%§j\ give preference to and Binyamin
41Genesls (The First Book Of Moses) 37:3- Tafseer Majidi
Л п е of the Jews: 11.2.1- Tafseer Majidi
43The Book Of Jeremiah 246:7 - Tafseer Majidi
___________________':7afseer О e5urdYusu/
whereas it is Э s clear order that fathershou1d treat his childrenequally?
We read in п е Н а а и а Sahilbi а т е to our belovedProphet andrequested
him to е thewitnessofа gi:ft, whichhe wantedto giveto his sonNu'man. П т е
Prophet enquired, П о о и have а п у other children? Н е replied, "Yes. "
The Prophet enquired, Т п е п have у о и given а s.imilar gift to all о
them?" е said, "No. "The Prophet said, Т п е п get о т е о п е else to Ь е
yourwitness. Does it not pleaseyou that they е equal toу о и т obedience?"
Н е said; О о и п з е The Prophet said, Т п е п do not do this. "
Answer: It quite clear that being Prophet, Hadhrat Yaqub must have
treated them equally with regards to worldJy affairs e.g. food, clothing а п
sustenance,etc. But thematter о й о е е is beyond ones control. The heart is not
in п е s control;it а п Ь е attachedor attractedtowardsо п е childmore thanthe
other. Therewill е п о questioningregardingthis. О п е will onlyЬ е questioned
ifhe acts accordingly in outward matters у preferring п е to the other. П т е
Holy Prophet had nine wives at п е time. е would treat them equally ш
his love for some ofthem was more than the others. This is why he а п
thingsequa11y, yet he wouldsupplicate inthe following words, О All{ih!Т
is т у sharing о what is in т у control, so do not reckon т е о what is
beyond у control. "i.e. the love ofthe heart. It is the case with children.
Note: It is permissible to give more attentionto п е child, ifthere are special
reasons for that e.g. he or she is disabled, or poorer than others or he or she is
engagedin studyingandneeds morehelp. Inthesecases п е is allowedto а у
more attentiontothat particularchild.
Verse 9
\:; J J;tJ JI Ь
: о I \- C:j o.k; ....
J \/ 'u/
(Olle said) К Ш Yusuf or cast him away to some land, your fatlrer's
а л .71f..2asas _
favour will then Ь е free for о и and о и will thereafter е с о е good
fellows. "
П т е т ofmalicewasbumingin theirhearts. At last,theycounse11ed thatin the
р т е в е п с е ofYusuf it was not possibleto drawthe special attentionoftheir
д е г so Yusuf shouldЬ е finished. Eitherthey shouldЬ Ь п п о г cast п п
awayin some а г distantlandп о т wherehe couldhaveп о retum. WhenYusuf
would Ь е away п о т Ь ц п natura11y they wi11 Ь е а ю п е entitled to the
с о ш п е п а п с е oftheir father. В у veryprobablywasnot significant intheir
eyes. His position, they might have thought, was supplementaryto
Afterwards,theythought, theywouldrepent oftheirsins andЬ е pardonedand
Ъ е с о т е pious
Some commentators have said that, А п а thereafter е с о е goodfellows, "
meansthat afterremoving п о т theirway, а Н theiraffairs wou1d е set
right, asthecountenance oftheirfatherwould change them,beingdisappointed.

They said the above due to jealousy. How damaging is this bad habit? See
jealousy has done to the household ofа great Prophet ofА а ь Hurting
the person in о т ш е е п о п с а п never satisfy у о п е except thejealous person.
This is why т е е г М ц а в т у а п с е said, "1с а п please all persons except
о thejealousone. е с а и з е nothing а п please и т except the destruction
ofthefavours or bountiesfrom the о п е towards whom hefeelsjealous.. "
А а ь especia11y taughtus toseekrefugeп о т thejealousyofthejea1ous.
\1Vе read in Surah Falaq: А п а (we seek refuge) from the evil ofthejealous
...,vhen he shows jealousy. "
У о и will thereafter е с о е goodfellows. "
Shaytaan is ц г greatest п е т у and the greatest traitor. е г е he casts in their
г п п the thought ofcommitting major sin п thepossibility ofbecoming
. Ъ е г е is о question regardingtheforgiveness of Н а ь but twothingsshould
___________________7afseer О e5urahyusu/
Ь е Ь о т е in mind. First the sin ofkilling is major sin, the Qur' an states that
killing Mu'min is majorsinleadingto etemal punishment inhell. TheHiidith
alsostatesthat aftershirk, murderisthe gravest sin.
Secondly, repentance is originally from sins which г е committed through
forgetfulness, beingunmindful andunaware ofthe о п в е с ц е п с е з ofthe sin.The
Holy Qur'an says, "Forgiveness is only incumbent п Alliih towards those
who do evil т ignorance (and) then turn quickly т repentance) to Ш
These are they towards whom Alliih relenteth. Alliih is Ever й К п о м е г
All- Wise "44.
Therearetwoconditionsof accepting repentance mentionedhere:
1) 'Do an ill deed in ignorance' - п о т through evil desires and knowing the
gravepunishment forthatparticular sin.
2) 'Repent quickly' - ifrepentance is not dbne quicklyenoughit couldhave
harsheffectsо п that person. Furthermore, it is not а М и 'min' shabit to commit
sinsinthehopeof forgiveness. Therefore, thethoughtofkil1ing Yusuf а г к
thenrepenting afterwards is verymisleading. а у А Ш safeguardus Н о ш
the evil thoughtsput in our mindsЬ у the accursed Shaytaan, andт а у he make
us awareofthe eviltricksofShaytaanandт а у hesafeguardus from fal1ing into
his traps. Ameen.
Verse 10
О п е speaker т т among them said 'Do not kill У и я и but, ifу о и
must е doing, then j1ing Ы т into t/le bottom о pit; some travellet'
т а у pick т и р "
The speaker was Juda У ahuda) who saidthat kil1ing was severething п ё
44SGrah Nisa 17
а л _
they cou1d с ш е у е their objectwithoutit. Ifthey want toremoveш ш fromthat
р а с е it was advisablethat theycast Ь л п insomeunknownwe11, far awayfrom
their own habitat. Ь и Н а у у а п has quoted some 1inguiststhat 'Gayabat
Jabb 'is acabin made in thewa11 ofa we11just Ь о у е the surfaceofthewater.
п short, they dec1ined to bear the sin ofintentiona1 murder. In that case some
с а г а у а п passingor someonetemporari1y residingtheremight take himout of
thewe11 andthus their handswou1d е innocent ofbloodshed; the snakesha11
die and the stick wi11 not break.
Verse 11
They said; О father! Why is it that о и do not и и with и и
whereas we а т е indeed his sincere well-wishers?"
Having formedthe p10t, thebrothersproceededand put it into execution. The
у е г в е indicates that they had a1so made such requests before, but Hadhrat
Yaqub was not satisfiedand refusedto 1et Yusuf go with them.
Verse 12
"Send him with и tomorrow that he т а у re/resh himself (with и
and play. Lo! We shall take good а т е о Ы т
А а т а Т writes, Т madeа possible pretensions inpersuading their
fatherto send withthemto their.pastures. They saidthat
wou1d Ь е с о т е dull at home, and his hea1th wou1d е spoi1ed ifhe was not
permitted totheoutskirtsfor running, p1ayingandenjoyingfree1y inthe c1imate
ofjung1es. In the р е п forest atmosphere, wou1d а у free1y and eat
jungle Т and wou1d е ha1e andhearty.1tis saidthat generaJ1y their games
___________________7afseer r:5uraliYusu/
and enjoyments in the jungles were archery and racing.
А Ь и Н а у у а п has said playing within limits is а source ofpleasure and exercise
for children, and the brothers made vehement requests and promised и Н
protection. Thus Hadhrat Yaqub was forced to send Yusufwith them.
Commentators have written that they had also enticed separately1:0
recreation and outing.
Verse 13
Н е said, "Verily it grieves т е that о и should take Ы т away and 1
е а lest а wolf т а у eat him while о are heedless 0/him. "
Hadhrat said to them that the veryidea ofhis separation о т п Yusuf
grieved him. Besides, Yusufwas Ь о у and the fear of а carnivore beast like
wolfwas painful.1t is said thatwolves were Т thatjungle.
М а и а Abdul Majid Daryabadi rabmatuJ1ahi alaihi writes, "Though nOlN
comparatively rare, in ancient Palestine, wolves were amongst the most
prominent wild animals. "
Mufti Shafi sahib states, У aqub had seen а dream that he himselfwas о п а
mountain and was in the valley. Suddenly ten wolves surrounded
Yusufand tried to attack him. е ofthe wolves defended Yusufand saved
him. Thereafter Yusufdisappeared into the Earth - the interpretation а т е to
Ь е thatthe ten wolves were theten brothers and the wolfthat defended hirn
was Yahuda the eldest brother, and being thrown in the well was the
disappearance. "
45Utlll11U 11 i 1049:2
а л _
П ш Abbashas saidthat due to thedream, У aqub fearedfrom his sons, but
didnot disclose the fu11 ш г е г р г е г а п о п
У aqub his fears, but howcouldheput themoff theirintentions? If they
",rere drivento р е п hostilitytheyт а у causehimharm. Н е must deal with his
sonswisely andcautiously. е pleadedthat he was anold anddueto his
immense у е forYusufhe wouldsurely misshim andЬ е sadwithouthim.
.Andafterа Yusuf was sma11 о у ofless thantenyears. е wasnot ofan to а у with them. Theywould е busy in their gamewhile wolfmight
с о т е and attackYusuf In sayingthis,У aqub unwi11ingly gavethem
с и е and theyused the sameе х с ц в е In other words that whichwas to happen
reflected inhis heartbeforehand.
М а и а Idrees writes, "Sincethehearts ofthe Prophets aresound,
ш е у с sme11 the fa1sehood fromwhat isbeingsaidtothem.TheHlidith says,
Т п а п is said with the contentment о the heart whereas lies hold the
doubt. "Upon hearingtheirrequest;У aqub instant1y realisedthejealousy
а л wickednessoftheirplot.
The Sufisderivefromherethat Taqdeeris, after а victoriousover Tadbeer.
The strong feelingofYaqub andboth his excuseswere п а Ы е to stop the
separationofYusuf;%§\. У aqub;%§\ was compe11ed to let Yusuf go against
а Н his wishes. The Sufis say, "What value does the will а servant hold in
relation to the will о the Lord. "
Verse 14
They said, "I[tlle wolfwere to devour him despite о г numbers,
then surely we а г е the losers. "
Theysaid,"How isit possiblethatin thepresence of suchа powerful bandlike
U:S, а wolfт а у devour our young brother?" It means we are nothing and we
___________________7afseer 01e5uzoaliYusu/
have 10st everythingofour character as strong and powerfu1 group. 46
Yaqub hadmentionedtworeasonsfornot 1etting Yusuf go with them:
1) His о м е for such that he wou1d п о т Ь е а Ы е to bear the
2) Н е had fearthat somewo1f а у eat him. The brothersrebuttedthe е с о щ
objection but not the first, Ь е с а ц з е that was the cause oftheir е а ю ц в у
Verse 15
J\ Jc: ': .j\\F\ J

-( о J.J. '" '" о J ... -: о е :" о wJ/
/ о .....
;1.\ U ,.J> J \...L/b ,.J>fl; "1 6" ._\ .u\
, / \. \. "'... ; \ ; '" ",'"
50 when t/ley did take Ы away and they а agreed to throw him
down to t/le bottom o/the well; And we hinted to Ы т У о и shall
и tell them о t1lis their affair while they perceive п о и "
Commentators have re1ated heart rending and poignant stories from the time
when Yusuf andhis brotherswent out ofsight fromHadhrat aqub р
to the moment when they cast him into the well. God knows р to vvhat extent
they arecorrect. The о у Qur'an, fromtheviewpointofits aim, does not
attach much importance to such sentimenta1 detai1s, as they do not serve у
sublimemotive except emotiona1 presentationto excitethehuman passion of
the reader. The excitement ofhuman passions а у Ь е the princip1e theme of
dramasandnove1s, but it iscertain1y not theт а themeof thedivinebook. The
\vor1d1y storieswrittenЬ у thewor1d1y writersgenerally exciteandт п о у е р е о р е
to passionate 1amentation. But the о у ш а п aims at the creation ofthat
sensitivity andtender-heartedness in theheartofthe audience andreaders whose
source are Iman (be1ief) and Irfan (recognition of the Lord). С о о п
sensitiveness, whichisfoundinthebe1ievers andtheunbe1ievers andе у е п inthe
anima1s, is not the genera1 а р р е а ofthe о у Qur' an un1ike common orators
and writers.
46Uthmani 1049:2
а л _
Н е г е in this story the о у Qur' an has described, omitting the middle events,
the 1ast thing, that the г е ш г е п with all possible pretexts, took
away fromtheirfatheranddecided tothrowhiminthewell according
to their prearranged р а п At the time God had hinted to Yusufwithout the
others being concious ofthis, not to worry; п е day he wou1d tell them ofall
their activities and treatment, and that he would е ofsuch high rank at that
time that his brothersWOlJJd not know him, г due to the 1apse oftime it wou1d
е е е п Ь е difficu1t forthem torecognisehim.
How this divinehint or indicationс а т е to Yusuf eitherin dream, or when
awak:e о г throughinspirationо г throughan ange1- is subject which is absent
п о г п theQur'а п It issaidof course, observingthe whayna thatreve1ation
i:s п о т confinedto the age offortyyears and о о у е becauseHadhrat Yusuf
vvas а Ь о у at the п е
Al1ah withYusuf in his difficu1ties, Т andsufferings, ashe
i:s with his servantswhoput theirtrustinhim. Hisbrothers, betrayedhim and
1eft theр о о г Ь о у perhapstodieor toЬ е soldintoslavery. Buthe was undaunted.
His couragenever fai1ed him.
1recall here story ofHazrat а ш а л а Rashid Ahmed Gangohi rahmatullahi
a1aihi (died 1323А Н When he was п у five or six years old, he created
ш Ы ofperforminghis sa1aah inthemasjid. О п е dayhewas 1ate, the sa1aah had
started. е had to take water out ofthe well to perform wudhu. As he pulled
tlhe bucket, he accident1y slipped and е inside. п hearing the noise е о р е
л о е theirsa1aah and а п towardsthewell. Theywererea11y scared. However,
Hazrat shouted from inside 'Do not worry, 1а т safe. 1have seated myse1f
iJl1side thebucket.' It is this couragethat made Hazratwhat he was. п е shou1d
t:ry and read the biograpby of Hazrat Gangohi rahmatullahi a1aihi named
Т azkiratur-Rashid".
Т о conso1e that the daywill о т е when о и shall
Ь е о п а 10ft rank andу о и will informthemoftheir evi1 activitiestowards о и
and theywon'tevenrecogniseyou.
- а п 1050:2

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