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1 Given that

(a)

w = u
v
1 + u

, express u in terms of w and v.

(b)

Solve the equation

x + 1 x

2

3

14

3 x

4

x

2

9

=

0

.

(c)

Solve the equation

4

x

2

+ 3

=

8

5 x

3

+ 3

.







2 Tickets to the “Carnival of Arts” fundraising concert were sold by students in a particular

school. The seats were divided into 4 blocks. The number of tickets sold for Friday and

Saturday are summarized in the table below:

 Block A Block B Block C Block D Friday 54 95 120 77 Saturday 60 75 118 80 The price per ticket is \$25 for Block A, \$18 for Block B, \$15 for Block C and

\$12 for Block D.

 (a) Write down a 2 × 4 matrix T to represent the number of tickets sold by the students for the two days.  (b) Write down a column matrix S to represent the price per seat.  (c) Find TS and interpret the elements in the matrix.  (d) The principal decided to hold the concert for one more day. The price of each ticket

for the seats in Block A was increased while the ticket prices for the other blocks

remained unchanged. What was the new price of each ticket in Block A if \$6 950

was raised given that 70 Block A, 90 Block B, 120 Block C and 90 Block D tickets

were sold?



ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

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3

In the diagram below, A, B, C, D and E are points on the circle with center O. DC is parallel to the diameter EB of the circle with center O.

F C
D
30°
O G
B
E
45°
A

H

 (a) Given that ∠OAC = 45°, ∠ACB = 30°, DEF is a straight line and FAH is a tangent to the circle, calculate, (i) ∠AOE,  (ii) ∠BAC,  (iii) ∠AEF.  (b) Prove that ∆AEF is similar to ∆CAE. 

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

4 In the diagram, BC = 4BD and DA = 5DX. M is the midpoint of AC. BD = a and CM = 2b.

B

A  M
2b X

a

D

C

 (a) Express, as simply as possible, in terms of a and/or b, (i) DC , (ii) DA , (iii) DX . (b) Show that 4 BX = (2a + b). 5 (c) Express BM as simply as possible, in terms of a and b. (d) Find (i) BX BM , (ii) area of ∆ ABX area of AMX ∆ , (iii) area of ABX ∆ area of ABC ∆ .













ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

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5

Peter drove from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur and then returned to Singapore. The distance between Singapore and Kuala Lumpur is approximately 340 km via the North-South Highway. During the journey from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur, he drove at an average speed of x km/h.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

6 (a)

(b)

(c)

Write down the time, in hours, taken for the journey from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur.

On the return journey, his average speed was reduced by 15 km/h. Write down the time, in hours, taken for his return journey.

Given that the difference in time for the two journeys was 50 minutes, form an

. Hence, solve the

equation in x and show that it reduces to

x

2

15

x

6120

=

0

Peter paid a total toll of RM \$71.40 for the two journeys. Calculate the total toll he paid in Singapore dollars given that the exchange rate was S \$50 = RM \$117.50. Give your answer correct to the nearest cent.

Peter set off at 22 15 hrs on Saturday for the Singapore-Kuala Lumpur journey. Find the day on which he arrived in Kuala Lumpur and also give the time of arrival correct to the nearest minute.











The utilities bill of a household consists of three components: water, gas and electricity. In a certain month, Sam’s household used 18.5 m 3 of water, 78 kWh of gas and 510 kWh of electricity. The tariff rate for water, gas and electricity is \$1.24 per m 3 , \$0.18 per kWh and \$0.24 per kWh respectively.

 (i) Find the amount payable for water usage.  (ii) Given that the rate of GST on the utilities bill is 7%, find the GST Sam has to pay. In the following month, the consumption of gas decreased to 70 kWh, that of electricity increased by 20%, while the consumption of water remained unchanged. Calculate  (i) the percentage decrease in the consumption of gas,  (ii) the total utilities bill inclusive of GST to 2 decimal places,  (iii) the percentage change in Sam’s utilities bill inclusive of GST for the two months, stating whether it is a decrease or increase.  On 1 st January 2004, Sam deposited \$4 500 in a Platinum-saver account with a bank. Subsequently on 1 st January of each following year, he deposited \$4 500 into the same account. If the bank pays compound interest at 4% per annum and Sam withdrew all the money in the account on 31 st December 2005, how much money did he get? 

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

7

(a)

40 students from class Y were weighed and the results, recorded to the nearest kilogram were as follows.

 Weight (x kilograms) Frequency 54 < x ≤ 58 3 58 < x ≤ 62 p 62 < x ≤ 66 9 66 < x ≤ 70 q 70 < x ≤ 74 14 74 < x ≤ 78 5
 (i) Show that the values of p and q are 3 and 6 respectively given that the mean is 68 kg.  (ii) Find the standard deviation of the weights of the students in the class.  (iii) Given that the mean and standard deviation of another class Z is 60 kg and 7 kg respectively, comment on the distribution of the weights of the students in both classes.  (b) To achieve the ideal weight, a student must be 70 kg and below. (i) Calculate the probability that if two students in class Y are chosen at random, one achieved an ideal weight but the other did not.  (ii) Calculate the probability that if three students in class Y are chosen at random, at least one student achieved the ideal weight. 

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

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8

Figure I shows an open trough, constructed by taking a slice of a cylinder of radius 1.2 m and length 2.8 m. The cross-section ACB of the trough is a segment of a circle. O is the center of this circle and AOB = 90°.

A O
1.2 m
2.8 m
B
C

Figure I (trough) 0.5 m
1.6 m
Figure II (bucket)

Water is poured into the trough by using a conical bucket shown in Figure II, which has radius 0.5 m and height 1.6 m. Find

 (a) the area of the segment ACB,  (b) the volume of the trough,  (c) the total internal surface area of the trough,  (d) the volume of the bucket. 

The trough is to be completely filled with water.

 (e) What is the minimum number of buckets that must be used?  (f) What is the height of the water in the last bucket used in (e) if all earlier buckets used had been full? Give your answer correct to 1 decimal place. 

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

9

In a friendly street soccer match, some of the players are positioned in a formation as shown in the figure below, which is not drawn to scale. W, X, Y and Z are four players on a level

ground. Given that X is on a bearing of 153° from W, WYZ = 51° , WZY = 85° ,

Y is due south of Z, WZ = 7.8 m and WX = 5.6 m.

N

W N
7.8 m
85°
153°
5.6 m
51°
X

Z

Y

 (a) Calculate (i) the bearing of Y from W,  (ii) WY,  (iii) area of ∆WXY.  (b) Another player P was standing in the line between W and Y such that he was nearest to X. Find this distance PX.  (c) A bird was flying at a point 5 m above X. Find the angle of elevation of the bird from Y, when it was directly above X. 

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

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10

Answer the whole of this question on a sheet of graph paper.

 7 6 The variables x and y are connected by the equation y x = + − . x (a) The table below gives some values of x and the corresponding values of y. x 0.5 1 3.5 2 5 6 7 8 y p 2 q −0.5 0.4 1.17 2 2.88 (i) Find the value of p and of q. (ii) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on each axis, draw the graph of y = x + 7 − 6 for the values of x in the range 0 < x ≤ 8. x (b) Draw the line y = − 1 2 x + 3 for 0 ≤ x ≤ 8. 7 (c) Use your graph to find the x-coordinate of a point on the curve y x = + − 6 at x which the gradient of the tangent is equal to − 0.5. (d) Find the range of values of x for which x 2 − 6x 7 + ≤ 2.5x . (e) By drawing a suitable line on your graph, find the solutions of the equation

2

x

2

13

x +

7

=

0

.

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ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

Yr 4 Prelim Exams EM P2 Answer Key

1a)

u =

w

2

+

v

(1

w

)(1

+

w

)

b) 1.08 or 5.08

c) 0.5 or 3

2a)

b)

c)

54

60

T = 

S =

25

18

15

12

95

75

5784

5580

TS = 

120

118

77

80

The elements represent the total amount collected on Friday and Saturday from the sale of the tickets.

d)

3ai)

aii)

aiii)

4ai)

aii)

aiii)

c)

di)

ii)

\$35

120°

15°

75°

DC = 3a

DA = 3a + 4b 1
DX =

5

(3

a +

4

b

)

BM = 2(2a + b)

2

5

2

3

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim 1
iii)
5
340
5a)
time =
h
x
340
b)
time =
h
x − 15
c)
86.1
d)
S\$30.38
e)
02 12 hrs, Sunday
6ai)
\$22.94
aii)
\$11.16
bi)
10.3%
bii)
\$195.19
biii)
14.5% (increase)
c)
\$9547.20
7aii)
5.73kg
Since
x
is greater than
x
,
this shows that the average
,
weight of
students of
Y
Z
class Y is greater than that of class Z
.
−−−−
[
A
1]
aiii)
Since SD
Z is greater than
SD
, this shows that the spread of weights of
Y

bi)

bii)

 students of c lub Z is greater than that of class Y . −−−−− [ A 1] 133 260 469 520
 8a) 0.411m 2 b) 1.15m 2 c) 6.10 m 2

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim

d)

0.419m 3

 e) 3 f) 1.5m 9ai) 129° aii) 10.0m aiii) 11.4 m 2 b) 2.28m c) 28.4° 10ai) p = 8.5, q = -0.5 e) 0.6 or 5.9

ACS(Independent)Math Dept/Y4EXP_GEP/EM2/2008/Prelim