US008303920B2

(12) Ulllted States Patent
Nakatani et al.
(54) METHOD FOR REFINING DILUTION AIR

(10) Patent N0.:
(45) Date of Patent:
(58)

US 8,303,920 B2
Nov. 6, 2012

Field of Classi?cation Search ................ .. 423/210,

AND DILUTION AIR REFINERY

423/239.1; 422/168, 177, 83

See application ?le for complete search history.

(75) Inventors: Shigeru Nakatani, Kyoto (JP);
Y0shin0ri Kato, Kyoto (JP); Tomomi Yamauchi, Tokyo (JP); Yoshitaka Iida, 56
( )
5,756,360 A *
*

R f C-t d e erences l e

TIOPkyO (JP), Masato Koshikawa, TOkyO
( )

{J's~ PATENT DOCUMENTS
5/1998 Harvey et a1. ............... .. 436/179
.

(73)

Assignee: Horiba, Ltd., Kyoto, Kyoto (JP)

7’588’440 B2 9/2009 Smlth """"""""""""""" " 431/4 FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS

( * ) Notice:

Subject' to any disclaimer, the term of this
patent is extended or adjusted under 35

JP
JP

1994003232
1998019744

1/1994
1/1998

U.S.C. 154(b) by 73 days.
(21) Appl. No.: 12/948,170

* Cited by examiner
_ Primary Examiner * Timothy Vanoy (74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm * Brooks Kushman P.C.

(22)

Filed;

Nov. 17, 2010

Us 2011/0117000 PI‘iOI‘ A1 Publicatiml May 19’ Data 2011
. . . . .

An object of this invention is to diminish a ratio of a concen
tration of NZO in the dilution air to a concentration of N20 in

(30)
' ’

Forelgn Apphcatlon Prmnty Data
(JP)
""""""""""""""""""""" "

the measurement object gas diluted by the dilution air as
much as possible by removing N20 in a dilution air so that a
measurement accuracy of a concentration of N20 in a mea

NOV 18 2009

2009263335

(51)

Int CL B01D 53/34 B01D 53/56

(200601) (200601)

surement object gas can be improved. A heater 33 that applies heat to the dilution air, a Pd catalyst 341 and a Pt catalyst 342 are arranged in this order on a ?ow channel Where a dilution

B01D 53/86 G01N 31/22 G01N 35/00
(52)

(200601) (200601) (200601)
422/ 177; 422/ 83

air used for diluting the measurement object gas ?oWs, and NZO in the dilution air is oxidized to NO,C or reduced to N2 by the Pd catalyst 341 and the PI catalyst 342.
7 Claims, 5 Drawing Sheets

US. Cl. ................... .. 423/210; 423/239.1; 422/168;

3

31

32

35

341

342

\
ATMOSPHERE —> M

\
—_

\

/

EXHAUST

33

34

36

COOLING WATER
<—-l:|————

g

\ 37

l
REFlNED DILUTION AIR

6.US. Patent Nov.920 B2 mmw v %mmm AIQ P526 § @N/ 3N |\ “SN 27 :N mAIlwO?bx . 2012 Sheet 1 005 US 8.303.

” . 2012 Sheet 2 005 US 8. | Uv m MA51l082? .%5926 om 1/mm / / \ 8 5 2% NEW mm/ 2 W / oWzE_5 .o.US.303. 6. Patent Nov.920 B2 \ / _| J L r no.

Patent Nov.US. 2012 Sheet 3 005 US 8. 6.303.920 B2 vli oom [qdd] NOiiVEJiNEIONOO OZN QUE oom [qdd] NOILVHLNEIONOO OZN .

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303. Patent Nov.w w 0. 6.920 B2 GEHQ WQ Eu mo[ .US. m S d d N6 m Q SQ 0 ZN Nd . 2012 Sheet 5 005 US 8.

C or the like by the use of an oxida heater that heats the dilution air. NZO contained in the dilution air is far from increasing. a method for re?ning a dilution air in accordance With this invention is characterized by that a 20 patent document 2. a concentration of a component in the dilution air is measured and a concentration of a component in the diluted exhaust gas is also measured. as shoWn in the patent document 1 or the More speci?cally. a Pt catalyst or a Pd catalyst (a three-Way 25 catalyst) is used. PRIOR ART DOCUMENT Patent Document 60 of N20 to N2 for the Pd catalyst. The same method is used also in case of measuring a concentration of NZO in the exhaust gas. Furthermore. since NZO is oxidiZed to NO. it is preferable the Pd catalyst is controlled at a temperature betWeen 430 degrees centi grade and 500 degrees 65 Patent document 1: Japan patent laid-open number 6-3232 Patent document 2: Japan patent laid-open number 10-19744 centi grade. in order to further promote conver sion. as a 40 NZO contained in the exhaust gas arises. depending on each catalytic condition such as concentration balance. MeanWhile. a dilution air re?nery used for an analysis system of a measurement object gas such as an engine exhaust gas oxidizes CO. In addition. As a result. ?led Nov. a Pd catalyst containing Pd. When CO+N2O—>CO2+N2 (reaction 3) is produced continuously. Pt system or the like) and adsorbs and removes NO. In order to promote oxidation of NZO to NO2 or reduction NZO in the dilution air to the concentration of NZO in the diluted exhaust gas is big. 45 ground is conducted by evaluating the difference betWeen the measurement results. FIELD OF THE ART This invention relates to a method for re?ning a dilution air and a dilution air re?nery that re?nes the dilution air used for diluting a measurement object gas such as an engine exhaust gas or the like. The disclosure of Which is incorporated in its entirety by reference herein. 18. and the Pt catalyst does not oxidiZe N2 produced by the Pd catalyst to N20. Means to Solve the Problems BACKGROUND ART Conventionally.303. In accordance With this arrangement. it is knoWn that a side reaction of 30 object gas ?oWs. In other Words. At this time. it is possible to remove NZO in the dilution air. Since the dilution air passing 50 HoWever. in order to remove HC. if the dilution air passes the Pd catalyst or the Pt catalyst.C remover. there is a problem that the measurement accuracy of the the heater ?rst contacts the Pd catalyst. N20 of about 300 [ppb] is already contained in the dilution air collected from the atmosphere. but traces (about 300 ppb) of NZO contained in the dilution air decreases. 2009. From a vieWpoint of a conventional technical common sense regard CO+2NOQCO2+N2O (reaction 2) often happens and N20 is produced.US 8. and puri?cation of especially NO and CO is explained by a reaction of 2CO+2NO—>2CO2+N2 (reaction 1).C by an NO. the Pd catalyst concentration of NZO in the exhaust gas is aggravated because the measurement error of the concentration of N2O of the dilution air signi?cantly affects a concentration of N20 in the exhaust gas after the correction of the background. it is preferable that at least the Pd catalyst is controlled at a temperature greater than or equal to 430 degrees centigrade. there is concern that N20 contained in the dilution air increases because NZO is neWly produced by means of the above-mentioned reaction 2. if the Pd catalyst is heated too much.920 B2 1 METHOD FOR REFINING DILUTION AIR AND DILUTION AIR REFINERY CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS 2 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Problems to be Solved by the Invention This invention is attained as a result of a keen examination This application claims the bene?t of JP 2009-263335. N20 does not increase. and NZO in the dilution air is oxidiZed to NOX. Recently. since the Pt catalyst locat ing on the doWnstream side removes mainly hydrocarbon such as methane. N20 contained in the exhaust gas is also no exception so that a need for analyZing a concentration of 35 ing the three-Way catalyst. In addition. it is possible to e?i ciently reduce or oxidiZe NZO in the dilution air. and a correction of a back result of a keen examination by the inventor of this invention by breaking aWay from the conventional common sense. NO.C or the like in the exhaust gas.C or reduced to N2 by the Pd catalyst and the Pt catalyst. HoWever. HoWever. HC. the inventor has found that if the dilution air passes the Pd catalyst or the Pt catalyst. In case that the exhaust gas sampling analysis system ana lyZes the exhaust gas by the use of a dilution sampling method. and ?nally a concentration of a compo nent in the exhaust gas is calculated. . CO. dinitro gen monoxide (N20) has draWn attention as a greenhouse gas. the reaction becomes equivalent to the above-mentioned reaction 1. As a result. namely an oxidation reaction of NZO to NO2 and the reduction reaction of NZO to N2 by means of the Pd catalyst. or N20 in the dilution air is reduced to N2 by the above-mentioned Pd catalyst and the Pt catalyst. since the Pd catalyst is arranged on the upstream side and the Pt catalyst is arranged on the doWnstream side. After the reaction 2. by the inventor of this invention by ?nding a layout and a condition of a catalyst appropriate for removing N20 in the dilution air and a main object of this invention is to improve the measurement accuracy of the concentration of NZO in the measurement object gas by removing NZO in the dilution air and diminishing a ratio of the concentration of N20 in the dilution air to the concentration of NZO in the measurement object gas diluted With the dilution air as much as possible. a Pt catalyst containing Pt are arranged in this order on a How channel Where a dilution air used for diluting a measurement tion catalyst (Pd system. it is possible to diminish a ratio of the concentration of N20 in the dilution air to the concentration of N20 in the measure ment object gas diluted by the dilution air as much as possible so that a measurement accuracy of the concentration of N20 in the measurement object gas can be improved. the Pd catalyst containing Pd is superior to the Pt catalyst containing Pt in a reduction performance or an oxidation performance of N20. there is a problem that a ratio of the concentration of 55 locating on the upstream side mainly produces CO+N2O—>N2+CO2 (reaction 3) so that a majority of N20 is reduced and removed. Meanwhile. a life span of the Pd catalyst is shortened. NO. Then espe cially in case that the concentration of N20 contained in the exhaust gas is approximately equal to or less than 300 [ppb].

In addition. CO. The constant ?oW rate mechanism 231 comprises a venturi tube 231a arranged on the diluted exhaust gas circulation line 23 and a turbo bloWer 231b arranged on the doWnstream of the venturi tube 23111. The constant volume sampling device 2 comprises an exhaust gas introduction line 21 to Which a dilution air supply pipe 3H of the dilution air re?nery 3 is introduced and connected. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS 45 FIG. as shoWn in FIG. a dilution air re?nery 3 that supplies the constant volume sampling device 2 With an atmosphere ?oWs. In accordance With this arrangement. N2. 4 is an experimental result shoWing a removing e?i the dilution air supply pipe 3H. HC. H2O. 2 is a vieW shoWing a con?guration of a dilution air 50 re?nery of this embodiment.920 B2 3 it is preferable that the Pd catalyst is controlled at a tempera 4 gas”) collected from an automobile 200 With a dilution air re?ned from an atmospheric air and measures a concentration of the diluted exhaust gas. it is possible to diminish a ratio of the concentration of N2O in the dilution air to the concentration of N2O in the exhaust gas diluted by the dilution air as much as possible by removing N2O in the dilution air so that a measurement accuracy of the concentration of N20 in the exhaust gas can 35 of the dilution air from the dilution air supply pipe 3H of the dilution air re?nery 3.303.C adsorbent that is arranged on the doWnstream of the Pt catalyst and that 30 adsorbs NO. a cyclone 22 that is arranged on the doWnstream of the exhaust gas introduction line 21 and that agitates and mixes the exhaust gas and the dilution air. Then so-called a bag measurement is conducted by the gas analyZer 4 by the use of the diluted exhaust gas bag 243 of the diluted exhaust gas collection line 24 and the dilution air bag 253 of the dilution air collection line 25. The exhaust gas sampling analysis system 100 in accor dance With this embodiment is of a dilution sampling method. NOX. HC. and an NO. Effect of the Invention In accordance With this invention of the above arrange ment. it is possible to diminish a ratio of the concentration of N20 in the dilution air to the the dilution air that is re?ned by removing impure sub stances from the atmospheric air and a gas analyZer 4 that analyZes a concentration of N20 in the exhaust gas diluted by the dilu tion air as much as possible by removing N2O in the dilution air so that the measurement accuracy of the concentration of concentration of a predetermined component (for example. The dilution air re?nery 3 removes CO. 1 is a pattern perspective vieW of an exhaust gas gas bag 243 that houses the diluted exhaust gas collected by the diluted exhaust gas collection pump 242. N2O is to convert CO. As a concrete embodiment not only for controlling the temperature of the catalyst but also for producing the oxida tion reaction or the reduction reaction in a more optimal exhaust gas collected into the collection bag of the constant volume sampling device 2. NO2. N2O or the like) in the diluted 20 N2O in the exhaust gas can be improved. it is preferable to comprise a heater that is arranged on the upstream of the Pd catalyst and that controls the dilution air collected from the atmosphere at a temperature greater than or 25 chassis dynamo 300. NOX. In this embodiment explained is a ture betWeen 460 degrees centigrade and 470 degrees centi grade. 1. FIG. HC. since it is possible to promote the oxidation reaction of N20 in the dilution air to NO2 or the reduction reaction of N2O in the dilution air to N2 by controlling the Pd catalyst at the temperature greater than or equal to 430 degrees centigrade. and to conduct an adsorptive treatment on The exhaust gas sampling analysis system 100 several fold dilutes the engine exhaust gas (hereinafter called as “exhaust NO2 produced by means of oxidiZation of NO. iZed by comprising a Pd catalyst that contains Pd and that is arranged on a How channel Where a dilution air collected from Concretely. a diluted exhaust gas collection line 24 that collects a part of the diluted exhaust gas from the diluted exhaust gas circulation line 23 and a dilution air collection line 25 that collects a part equal to 430 degrees centigrade. The diluted exhaust gas collection pipe 241 is arranged on the upstream side of the constant ?oW rate mechanism 231. The diluted exhaust gas collection line 24 comprises a diluted exhaust gas collection pipe 241 Whose one end is arranged in the diluted exhaust gas circulation line 23. For the 65 dilution air re?nery 3. a dilution air re?nery in accordance With this invention is a dilution air re?nery that re?nes a dilution air used for diluting a measurement object gas. H2O. a diluted exhaust gas circulation line 23 having a constant ?oW rate mechanism 231 that Hows the diluted exhaust gas agi tated and mixed by the cyclone 22 at a constant flow rate. a dilution air collection pump 252 arranged on the dilution air collection pipe 251 and a 55 ciency of N2O by the catalytic device. 5 is a graph shoWing the removing ef?ciency of N20 by the catalytic device. HC. N20 or the like in the dilution air in order to stabiliZe a background in analyZing the exhaust gas at a loW concentration. In addition. FIG. NO.US 8.C produced by oxidiZing N2O by means of the Pd catalyst and the Pt catalyst. the dilution air collection line 25 comprises a dilution air collection pipe 251 Whose one end is arranged in sampling analysis system of one embodiment of this inven tion. a constant volume sampling device 2 that introduces all of the exhaust gas and the dilution air into the constant volume sampling device 2 and that con trols the total ?oW rate of the exhaust gas and the dilution air to be constant so that a part of the diluted exhaust gas (here inafter called as “the diluted exhaust gas) is collected at a constant ?oW rate into a collection bag. N2O by the use . N2O in the dilution air to CO2. FIG. and a diluted exhaust gas collection pump 242 arranged on the diluted exhaust gas collection pipe 241 and a diluted exhaust 40 be improved. 3 is a pattern diagram shoWing a correction result With or Without removing N2O in the dilution air. a method for removing CO. NO. and is character constant volume dilution sampling method Wherein all of the exhaust gas is sampled and diluted With the dilution air so as to make a certain given ?oW rate. and the Pd catalyst is controlled at a temperature greater than or equal to 430 degrees centigrade. CO. The constant volume sampling device 2 is connected to an exhaust pipe 200H of an automobile 200 that is mounted on a condition by controlling the temperature of the dilution air. a Pt catalyst that is arranged on the doWnstream of the Pd catalyst and that contains Pt oxidiZing or reducing the dilution air. 60 One embodiment of an exhaust gas sampling analysis sys tem using a dilution air re?nery in accordance With this inven tion Will be explained With reference to draWings. MODES OF EMBODYING THE INVENTION dilution air bag 253 that houses the dilution air collected by the dilution air collection pump 252. the exhaust gas sampling analysis system 100 comprises. FIG.

the NO.920 B2 5 of an NO. a catalytic device 34 that converts HC. a suction pump 32 that introduces the dilution air from outside to inside of the dilution air re?nery 3 through a sucking ?lter 3 1.C removing part that adsorbs and removes NO2 in the dilution air cooled at. an effect of reducing N20 is signi? cantly improved. HoWever. Meanwhile. and the Pt catalyst 342 comprises 30 Pt supported by Zeolite poWders. Due to an Sv value [l/hr] (:a processed gas volume [In3 hr]/a catalyZed volume [m3]) of the catalytic device. Then as a result of the correction of the background. for example. As a result. the ratio of the concentration of N20 in the dilution air to the concentration of N2O in the diluted exhaust gas can be diminished so that it is possible to diminish an in?uence of the measurement error of the concentration of NZO in the dilution air on the concentration of NZO in the exhaust gas. an of the exhaust gas sampling analysis system 100 having the above-mentioned arrangement Will be explained With refer ence to FIG. it is possible to improve the measurement accuracy of the concentration of N20 in the exhaust gas obtained as a result of the correction of the background. and 460 degrees centigrade and a How rate of the dilution air at each 40 betWeen 430 degrees centigrade and 500 degrees centigrade in this embodiment. In case of the experimental example 2. obtained after the correction of the background drops. the dilution air re?nery 3 com prises. As a concrete structure. the removing e?iciency shoWing over 100% is due to a measurement error. the concentration of NZO in the dilution air obtained from the dilution airbag 253 is about 300 [ppb] (an average value of the concentration of NZO con tained in the atmosphere). of the catalytic device 34 at the above-men tioned temperature. 4 and FIG.5 60 [m3/min]. At this time. the concentration of NZO in the diluted exhaust gas obtained from the diluted exhaust gas bag 243 becomes about 290 [ppb]. it is turned out that the effect of reducing NZO is signi? cantly improved. if the concentration of NZO in the dilution air obtained from the dilution air bag 253 is reduced to. not shoWn in draWings. ef?ciencies of removing NZO in case of changing a heated temperature of 25 make the dilution air ?oW into a Pd catalyst 341. In case that the heated temperature is at 460 degrees centigrade and the How rate of the dilution air is 7. the Pd catalyst 341 is controlled at a temperature betWeen 460 temperature is set 7.6 [m3/min]. Furthermore. and especially at 460 degrees centigrade and 470 degrees centigrade. if the How rate of the dilution air becomes big. an experimental example 2 is a case that the catalytic device 34 Wherein the Pd catalyst 341 and the Pt catalyst 342 are arranged in this order from the upstream is used and the catalytic device 34 and the dilution air are heated at 360 degrees centigrade. Next. 5. a measurement of a concentration of NZO by the use 50 experimental example 1.303. An experimental example 1 is a case that the catalytic device Wherein the Pt catalyst and the Pd catalyst are arranged in this order from the up stream is used and the catalytic device and the dilution air are heated at 360 degrees centigrade. In addition. in order to further promote conversion of N20 by means of oxidation to NO2 and by means of reduction to N2 by the Pd catalyst 341. 430 degrees centigrade. 25 degrees centigrade by the cooler 37. if the concentration of NZO in the diluted exhaust gas obtained from the diluted exhaust gas bag 243 is about 560 [ppb]. As a result. Then the dilution air passing the NO. As is clear from FIG. 3. in case that the catalytic device is heated at 430 degrees centigrade or over for the Pt catalyst 342 is integrally arranged With the Pd catalyst 341. N02. 430 degrees centigrade. an effect of removing NZO by the use degrees centigrade and 470 degrees centi grade. a function of the Pd catalyst as a catalyst drops. a cooler 37 that cools the dilution air passing the catalytic device 34.6 [m3/min]. to be described later. As a result. about 30 [ppb] by arranging an NZO removing function like this embodiment. For each of the cases. a ratio of the concentration of NZO in the dilution air to the concentra tion of NZO in the diluted exhaust gas becomes big so that an in?uence of the measurement error of the concentration of 430 degrees centigrade or over for the experimental example 2. and 460 degrees centigrade and a How rate of the dilution air at each temperature is set 7. the concentration of NZO contained in the exhaust gas becomes about 260 [ppb] as a result of a correction of the background. Furthermore. it is considered that a case of arrang ing the Pd catalyst on the upstream side and the Pt catalyst on 65 the doWnstream side (the experimental example 2) is better than a case of arranging the Pt catalyst on the upstream side NZO in the dilution air on the concentration of N20 in the exhaust gas becomes signi?cant.C adsorber 38 as being an NO. In addition.C adsorber 38 is supplied to the constant volume sampling time. the Pd catalyst and the Pt catalyst Will be explained. The heater 33 is to apply heat to the dilution air collected from the atmosphere at 430 degrees centi grade or over so as to catalyst and a Pd catalyst are arranged in this order from the upstream and of the catalytic device (of this embodiment) Wherein the Pd catalyst 341 and the Pt catalyst 342 are arranged in this order from the upstream.5 [m3/min] and 14. effect of removing NZO drops. for both cases of a catalytic device Wherein a Pt 20 device 2 through the dilution air supplying pipe 3H. for example.US 8. H2O. 2. N2 or the like. Next. In addition. a measurement and the Pd catalyst on the doWnstream side (the experimental . Furthermore. the Pd catalyst 341 is controlled at a temperature 35 and 14. the concentration of N20 con tained in the exhaust gas becomes about 260 [ppb]. a heat exchanger 35 and a three-Way solenoid valve 36 arranged doWnstream of the catalytic device 34. a heater 33 that heats the dilution air introduced by the suction pump 32 at a predeter mined temperature. the dilution air. as shoWn in FIG. If the Pd catalyst 341 is heated too much. the NZO reducing effect is remarkable. At this CO.5 [m3/min] The Pd catalyst 341 comprises Pd supported by a porous supporting body such as Zeolite poWders. hydrocarbon such as methane is reduced mainly by the Pt catalyst 342. The catalytic device 34 is so arranged that the Pd catalyst 341 containing Pd and a Pt catalyst 342 containing Pt are arranged in this order from the upstream on the How channel Where the dilution air collected from the atmosphere ?oWs. activated carbon. the Pd catalyst 341 and the Pt catalyst 342 are heated at 430 degrees centigrade or over by a heating mecha nism. since the 45 of the catalytic device is obtained by measuring the concen tration of N20 at an inlet (DAR inlet) of the dilution air re?nery 3 and the concentration of NZO at an outlet (DAR outlet) of the dilution air re?nery 3. NZO or the like in the dilution air heated by the heater 33 to CO2. NOX. the Pt catalyst is also heated at a temperature generally equal to that of the Pd catalyst by means of the heating mechanism. and an NO.C adsorbent also contains an oxidizing reagent and an adsorptive treatment is 6 accuracy of the concentration of N20 in the exhaust gas conducted by oxidizing unconverted NO to NOX. in case that the catalytic device 34 is heated at 55 In case that an NZO removing function is not provided for the dilution air re?nery 3. aluminum oxide or the like. Meanwhile.C adsorbent. The heater 33 applies heat to the dilution air at a temperature generally equal to the temperature of the Pd catalyst 341.

The dilution air re?nery described in claim 3. the Pd catalyst is arranged on the up stream side and the Pt catalyst is arranged on the doWnstream side in the 50 air. . An exhaust gas sampling analysis system using the method for re?ning a dilution air as described in claim 5. In case that the Pd catalyst is arranged on the doWnstream side. Wherein comprising a heater that is arranged on the upstream of the Pd catalyst and that controls the dilution air collected from the atmosphere at a temperature greater than or equal to 430 In addition. each of the temperature may be adjusted in consideration of the in?uence of the temperature due to piping.303. 7. .920 B2 7 example 1) in a balance between the above-mentioned reac tion 2 and the reaction 3 and more e?icient in removing N20. in the above-mentioned embodiment. A method for re?ning a dilution air Wherein on a How channel Where a dilution air used for diluting a measurement object gas ?oWs arranged are a heater that heats the dilution of each catalyst may be adjusted independently. a Pd catalyst having Pd. and NZO in the dilution air is oxidiZed to NOX. hoWever. . . and N20 in the dilution air is oxidiZed to NOX. 3. the Pd catalyst and the Pt catalyst in the above-mentioned embodiment are integrally formed by the use of a partition member. constant volume sampling device 3 . . EXPLANATION OF CODE 100 . . . Pt catalyst 38 . Pd catalyst 342 . 6. and an NO. or NZO in the dilution air is reduced to N2 by the above-mentioned Pd possible. An exhaust gas sampling analysis system using the dilu tion air re?nery as described in claim 3. In addition. a Pt cata 20 lyst having Pt in this order. 5. it is possible to obtain the same effect as that of the above-mentioned embodiment if the 55 air is reduced to N2 by the above-mentioned Pd catalyst and the Pt catalyst. the Pd catalyst 341 and the Pt catalyst 342 are arranged in this order from the upstream on the How channel Where the dilution air Hows. since the Pt catalyst 342 is arranged at a position separated from the heater 33. 2. catalytic device 341 . At this time. the constant volume sampling device is used. . The method for re?ning a dilution air described in claim 1. than or equal to 430 degrees centigrade. Wherein at least the Pd catalyst is controlled at a temperature greater NZO to N2 by controlling the Pd catalyst at 430 degrees centigrade or over. exhaust gas sampling analysis system 2 . the Pd catalyst and the Pt catalyst may be formed individually. a Pt catalyst that is arranged on the doWnstream of the Pd catalyst and that contains Pt oxidiZing or reducing the dilution air. the temperature of the dilution air heated by the heater and the temperature of the Pd catalyst heated by the heating mechanism is generally the same in the above-men tioned embodiment. Mean While. . a bag mini dilutor that collects a part of the exhaust gas and dilutes it at a constant ratio may be used. . In addition. dilution air re?nery 33 . the measurement accuracy of the concentration of N20 in the exhaust gas can 10 be improved by diminishing a ?uctuation of the background of the concentration of N20. A dilution air re?nery that re?nes a dilution air used for The present claimed invention is not limited to the above mentioned embodiment. since it is possible to diminish a ratio of the concentration of N20 in the dilution air to the concentration of NZO in the diluted exhaust gas as much as possible by removing NZO from the dilution air before dilut ing the exhaust gas With the dilution air. 4. since the heater 33. the temperature of the dilution air that contacts the Pt catalyst 342 drops so that N20 pro duced by the Pt catalyst 342 can be restrained as much as 15 34 . heater In accordance With the exhaust gas sampling analysis sys tem 100 of this embodiment. . a Pt catalyst having Pt. diluting a measurement object gas.US 8.C removing part that is arranged on the doWnstream of the Pt catalyst and that adsorbs NO. At this time. . a heater may be arranged on the upstream of the Pd catalyst and the Pt catalyst respectively and the temperature of the dilution air ?oWing into each catalyst may be adjusted or the temperature degrees centigrade. the dilution air passing the heater 33 ?rst contacts the Pd catalyst 341 so that NZO in the dilution air can be oxidiZed e?iciently. Furthermore.C produced by oxidiZing NZO by means of the Pd catalyst and the Pt 45 catalyst. Wherein comprising 30 a Pd catalyst that contains Pd and that is arranged on a How channel Where a dilution air collected from an atmo For example. . hoWever. 8 The present claimed invention is not limited to the above mentioned embodiment and it is a matter of course that it may <Effect of this Embodiment> be variously modi?ed Without departing from a spirit of the invention. NOXremoving part The invention claimed is: 1. and the Pd catalyst is controlled at a tem perature greater than or equal to 430 degrees centi grade. 35 sphere ?oWs. . the Pt catalyst may be arranged on the upstream side and the Pd catalyst may be arranged on the doWnstream side. A method for re?ning a dilution air Wherein on a How channel Where a dilution air used for diluting a measurement object gas ?oWs arranged are a heater that heats the dilution air. . . . hoWever. a Pd catalyst having Pd. it is possible to promote the oxidation reaction of N20 in the dilution air to NO2 or the reduction reaction of 25 catalyst and the Pt catalyst. or NZO in the dilution above-mentioned embodiment. * * * * * Pd catalyst is heated at 430 degrees centigrade or over. hoWever.