MX421 High Precision GPS Sensor Installation Manual

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MX421
High Precision GPS Sensor
INSTALLATION MANUAL

Models Covered: MX421 MX421B MX421-10 MX421B-10 MX421SB-10
Leica Geosystems Inc. 23868 Hawthorne Blvd. Torrance, CA 90505-5908 U.S.A. www.leica-geosystems.com

P/N 723594 Rev. C August, 2001

Leica Geosystems Inc. 2001 Leica Geosystems reserves the right to make changes to its products and specifications without notice.

How To Contact Us?
Contact your local Leica dealer for: • Installation, Service, & Technical Support • Sales of Accessories • Hardware and Software Upgrades Unlike many other consumer electronics industries which only sell consumer electronic devices, your marine dealer is often your best advisor for installation and service of your new GPS receiver. Leica strongly encourages you to utilize the knowledge and experience of your sales and service dealer. Should you need to contact us directly for new sales, upgrades, repair service, or technical support, we can be reached at the following: International: Leica Geosystems Inc. 23868 Hawthorne Blvd. Torrance, California 90505 USA+1-310-791-5300 Telephone (International) 1-800-97-LEICA (1-800-975-3422) Telephone (USA) +1-310-791-6108 Fax support@leica-gps.com In Europe: Leica Geosystems A/S Høkær12A DK-2730 Herlev Denmark +45-44-54-03-00 Telephone +45-44-54-03-30 Fax

..................................... 13 Data Interface to PC or Non-Leica Navigation Systems ...............................................................................................................................Interface Cable Pin Configuration for MX421 ........................................................... 6 Antenna Mounting ........ 19 MX421B-10 & MX421SB-10 Connector Configuration ............................ 19 Figure 9 ............................................................ 11 Figure 4 ............MX421-10 Interface to the MK40 Chartplotter ..............................................................................................................................MX421 Bracket Mount ...... 18 MX421-10 Connector Configuration ................. 6 Installation Procedure .......................... 12 Data Interface to MK40 Chartplotter .............................. 11 MX421B Connector Configuration ..............................................................MX421 Interface to PC or other Non-Leica Navigation Systems ......... 21 ................................................................................................Interface Cable Pin Configuration for MX421-10 .............................................................................. 7 Figure 3 ........................ 20 Figure 10 ........................................................................................................ 2 Antenna Connector..................................................................... 1 MX421 Operation ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................MX421 Surface Mount ................................. 20 Data Interface to MK40 Chartplotter ............................................................................................ 13 Figure 6 ............ 21 Figure 11 .............................. 17 Power Requirement ............................. 4 MX421 Mounting Guidelines ................................................... 14 PC Interface Cable ...........................................................Interface Cable Configuration for MX421B ............................ 6 Bracket Mount ...................................................................................... 15 MX421-10 Installation Section ........... 19 External Differential Beacon Receiver Connection ........... 15 Figure 8 ................................... 14 Figure 7 ............................................................................................................................................Table of Contents Introduction ...........MX421 to PC Interface Cable (P/N 722206) ...............Interface Cable Configuration for MX421B-10 and MX421SB-10 .................................................. 10 MX421 Connector Configuration ............. 12 Figure 5 ................................................................ 6 Figure 2 ............................ 6 Surface Mount ........................... 7 MX421 Installation Section ..................................................................... 3 Supplied Equipment ................MX421 Interface to the MK40 Chartplotter ........................................................... 9 Power Requirement .................................

........................................................................... 32 .................................... 22 Data Interface to MX420/8 or MX420/AIS CDU ................................................... 23 Data Interface to PC or Non-Leica Navigation Systems .......... 25 Data Output ... 30 How Are We Doing? ......................MX421-10 Interface to a MX420/2 and MK12 CDUs .........................................................................................................................................MX421-10 Interface to a PC chartplotter or Other NonLeica Navigation Systems.MX421-10 Interface to MX420/8 or MX420/AIS CDUs ......Data Interface to MX420/2 or MK12 CDU ..................... 24 Specifications ........ 24 Figure 14 ..................... 27 PRODUCT WARRANTY AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY.............................. 22 Figure 12 ..................................................................................... 23 Figure 13 ...........

please check the number of connector pins and the model number inscribed on the serial number tag located at the underside of the antenna housing and consult the section in this manual that refers to it. MX421B . This antenna can accept differential corrections from an external beacon receiver.a combined GPS and Differential beacon smart antenna with an 8-pin power/data connector. MX421-10 .MX421 Installation Manual Introduction This manual describes the operation and installation of the MX421 family of highprecision GPS smart antennas. please read this manual carefully to ensure proper installation and operation of the unit. To determine the particular model of antenna you have. The built-in beacon receiver operates in auto mode. A 1 PPS timing output is optionally available.a combined GPS and Differential beacon smart antenna with a 10pin power/data connector. 1 . MX421B-10 . Antenna models covered in this manual are: MX421 . The beacon receiver operates in automatic mode only. The MX421 GPS and DGPS smart antennas were designed to work with the latest Leica Control and Display Units (CDU) or other NMEA 0183 compatible navigation devices. The built-in differential beacon receiver can be operated in either auto or manual mode when connected to an MX420 CDU. These models use identical housing styles.an enhanced MX421B-10 with a controllable built-in differential beacon receiver. MX421SB-10 .a GPS only smart antenna with a 10-pin power/data connector. The MX421 can achieve position fix accuracies of better than 1 meter with differential correction or better than 3 meters without correction.a GPS only smart antenna with an 8-pin power/data connector. Before installing the MX421.

The internal 2-channel beacon receiver in the MX421B and MX421B-10 continuously monitors all beacon signals available in your location. 2 . They will automatically search for available satellites as soon as power is applied. The first channel tracks the primary station while the second channel searches for other available beacons. The MX421SB-10 is an enhanced MX421B-10 DGPS smart antenna unit that can either automatically tune to the beacon frequency or can be controlled by a Leica MX420 CDU to manually select the beacon frequency. usually within 1 meter or less. Should it find a superior signal it will automatically switch the primary channel to the new station. The combined performance of the high-precision 12-channel GPS and 2-channel beacon receivers provide a more accurate and reliable position fix. The MX421 DGPS was designed with an H-Field beacon antenna for better onboard electrical noise immunity and requires no grounding.MX421 Installation Manual MX421 Operation The MX421 and MX421B sensors are highly integrated antenna and GPS receiver units that are fully automatic and do not require user intervention.

The two additional pins (9 & 10) on the newer production MX421 are used to output the 1 PPS signal.MX421 Smart Antenna Configuration Pin # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Wire Color BLK/ SHIELD RED BLU BRN ORG GRN YEL WHT PRPL PRPL/ GRY N/C N/C N/A N/A 8-Pin Conn. The interface connections from pins 1 through 6 are similar for all MX421 models. (old) MX421 GPS MX421B DGPS Negative Ground +10. Older production MX421 antennas use 8-pin connectors while new build units (MX421-10) use 10-pin connectors. There are slight differences in Pins 7 & 10 for each model. which are indicated in Table 1.MX421 Installation Manual Antenna Connector The multi-pin connector at the bottom of the antenna housing provides the necessary interfacing between the MX421 smart antenna and the latest Leica CDU or other NMEA compatible devices. Table 1 .5 ~ 32 VDC Leica Proprietary Message (LPM) In (-) Leica Proprietary Message (LPM) In (+) GPS Out (-) GPS Out (+) Beacon Status Out (-) Beacon Status Out (+) N/A N/A RTCM In (-) RTCM In (+) Beacon Status Out (-) Beacon Status Out (+) 10-Pin Conn. (new) MX421-10 GPS MX421B-10 DGPS 1 PPS (+) 1 PPS (-) 3 .

726233 726232 Antenna Cable Assy.) 725637 (10-wire cable) MX421 Installation Manual 723594 4 . (10 m.) (8-wire cable) 722569 MX421 Installation Manual 723594 (10-Pin Type) MX421-10 or. MX421B-10 or.MX421 Installation Manual Supplied Equipment The following items are supplied with the MX421 Sensor: Description Part Number (8-Pin Type) MX421 723240 or. MX421B 723241 Antenna Cable Assy. (15 m.

MX421 Installation Manual MX421 High Precision GPS Sensor Installation Manual Figure 1 .MX421 Sensor Standard Package 5 .

Locate the antenna for an easy access and maintenance. 3 for surface mounting considerations. Installation Procedure Antenna Mounting Bracket Mount The MX421 mounting thread is an industry standard fitting for VHF antenna mounting (1. Monitor the operation of the MX421 while you turn on other on-board electronic equipment. commonly used for angled surface. Note: If you are not sure if the chosen location is appropriate. Surface Mount The MX421 may also be surface-mounted. including the swivel joints. Stay away from high-power energy sources such as radar. An 8 or 10 pin (male) plastic connector is mounted at the underside of the antenna for power and data connection. Note: Hand-tighten the antenna onto the bracket until snug. A template is provided to help you cut the mounting holes. Locate the antenna at least 10 feet (about 3 meters) away from and out of the transmitting beam of radar and other high-power transmitters. Do not overtighten. you can mount the antenna temporarily and operate the unit. SSB. This enables the antenna to be mounted on a wide range of mounting brackets. When used 6 . with an 8 or 10-pin (female) connector on one end. Mount the antenna low to avoid excessive position and speed errors while underway. Refer to Fig. The supplied cable assembly is 10 meters (33 feet) long. Move the antenna around until the MX421 operates satisfactorily then mount it permanently. 14 TPI) .MX421 Installation Manual MX421 Mounting Guidelines • • • • • Install the MX421 where it has a clear view of the sky around it. Refer to Fig.0 inch. 2 for bracket mounting illustration. This connector plugs into the MX421. There must be at least a 3 inch clearance at the bottom of the antenna to accommodate the lower section of the MX421 housing and connector. INMARSAT and other transmitting radio antennas by 5 meters or more.

0” Mounting screws (4 places) Figure 3 . If the MX421 is to be used with other navigation system.MX421 Surface Mount 7 . Choose a location for the antenna that has a clear view of the sky. If you are unsure that the chosen location is suitable.MX421 Installation Manual with the MK40 chartplotter or MX420 CDU. The GPS antenna relies on direct ‘line-of-sight’ signal reception. refer to Figure 7 (Connection to Non-Leica Navigation Systems).MX421 Bracket Mount Mounting Surface Recommended clearance under the antenna 3. it is advisable to mount the antenna in a temporary manner to verify correct operation. the other end of the cable (with loose wires) connects to the antenna junction box as shown in Figure 4. Make sure there are no major obstructions or metal fixtures in the immediate proximity to the antenna. 1” Diameter/14 TPI Metal Mounting Bracket (not supplied) Secure cable with plastic tie-wraps (not supplied) Mounting Surface Drill 1/4” diameter hole for cable access Figure 2 .

MX421 Installation Manual 8 .

MX421 Installation Manual MX421 Installation Section (Use this section when installing the MX421 or the MX421B with 8-pin connector) 9 .

To protect the circuitry in the antenna.5-32 VDC for best operation. the antenna power can be supplied by the CDU unit. An in-line fuse or circuit breaker rated at 2 amp. The MX421B draws about 230 mA. The red wire connects to the +12 VDC power. is recommended for overload protection. it is prudent to make sure that proper polarity is observed before making the connection. Negative grounding is required. while the black wire is the negative return. the voltage level must be within these limits. Although the MX421 has a reverse polarity protection. at 12 VDC. When the MX421 is connected to a Leica control display unit (CDU). Note: Reverse polarity connection may damage the unit. 10 .MX421 Installation Manual Power Requirement External power supplied to the MX421 must be within 10.

MX421 Installation Manual MX421 Connector Configuration The MX421 is a smart GPS only antenna configuration. Pins 7 & 8: Not connected. 1 stop. MX420 (CDU) or other NMEA 183 compatible devices. Pins 5 & 6: GPS output to the MK40. 11 . It transmits the NMEA data at 4800 baud. 7 6 5 8 1 2 3 4 Pin# 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Wire White Yellow Green Orange Brown Blue Red Black Signal N/C N/C GPS Out + GPS Out LPM IN+ LPM IN+12 VDC GND. no parity. Figure 4 shows the MX421 connector pin assignments. 8 bits.Interface Cable Pin Configuration for MX421 Where: Pins 1 & 2: are used for GND and 12 VDC input. Figure 4 . Pins 3 & 4: Leica proprietary message (LPM) input port.

Pins 3 & 4: Leica proprietary message (LPM) input port. MX420 or other NMEA 0183 compatible devices. 7 6 5 8 1 2 3 4 Pin# 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Wire White Yellow Green Orange Brown Blue Red Black Signal Beacon OUT+ Beacon OUTGPS Out + GPS Out LPM IN+ LPM IN+12 VDC GND. The built-in differential receiver operates in auto-search mode. Pins 7 & 8: Beacon monitoring signal output. It enhances the accuracy of the GPS receiver to provide a more accurate position solution. 8 bits. It transmits the NMEA data at 4800 bauds.Interface Cable Configuration for MX421B Where: Pins 1 & 2: are the GND and 12 VDC power input. The standard NMEA 0183 protocol is the factory default setting. Figure 5 . no parity. Pins 5 & 6: GPS output to the MK40. 12 . The output on pins 5 and 6 can be optionally set to output GGA at 5 Hz.MX421 Installation Manual MX421B Connector Configuration The MX421B antenna configuration is a combination GPS and beacon receiver in one. Data output change may be done only in the factory. 1 stop. Position accuracy better than 1 meter is possible with this configuration. Figure 5 shows the wiring and pin assignments for the MX421B antenna.

+12 VDC Black/Shield -------.MX421 Interface to the MK40 Chartplotter 13 .Negative Return and Signal GND GREEN ------------.(WHT) RxD (GRN) +12 V (RED) GND (SHD) CN1 Pin 6 (Green) GPS OUT Pin 1 (Black/Shield) GND Pin 2 (Red) +12 VDC To MK40 Figure 6 .MX421 Installation Manual Data Interface to MK40 Chartplotter The MX421 and MX421B connection to the MK40 antenna terminal box is shown below.C. RED -----------------.GPS Data + MX421 MX421B RX DG TXD GND 12V TxD (BRW) N. namely. Only three wires from the MX421 or MX421B cable are used.

Pin 6 (Green) GPS OUT Pin 1 (Black/Shield) Gnd Pin 2 (Red) +12 VDC Black/ Shield Green 6 Terminal Strip DB9 Connector (Female) GPS Data Out 1 2 Red 2 Amp Fuse Common GND 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 To Navigation PC Figure 7 .MX421 Interface to PC or other Non-Leica Navigation Systems 14 .MX421 Installation Manual Data Interface to a PC or Non-Leica Navigation Systems Figure 7 shows the power and data output connections to non-Leica navigation systems using a terminal strip and DB9 connector (user supplied items) to terminate the wires.

Antenna power can be connected to a 12 volt battery through the cigarette lighter adapter.MX421 Installation Manual PC Interface Cable An optional PC interface cable (P/N 722206) is available shown in Figure 8. Figure 8 .MX421 to PC Interface Cable (P/N 722206) 15 . This cable assembly can be purchased from any Leica authorized representatives. The cable and connectors are pre-assembled to simplify equipment hookup between the PC and MX421.

MX421 Installation Manual 16 .

MX421 Installation Manual MX421-10 Installation Section (Use this section when installing the MX421 antenna with the 10Pin connector only) 17 .

5-32 VDC for best operation. while the Black wire is the negative return. Negative grounding is required. Although the MX421 has a reverse polarity protection. To protect the circuitry in the antenna. is recommended for overload protection.MX421 Installation Manual Power Requirement External power supplied to the MX421 must be within 10. at 12 VDC. it is prudent to make sure that proper polarity is observed before making the connection. the antenna power can be supplied by the CDU unit. The red wire connects to the +12 VDC power. Note: Reverse polarity connection may damage the unit. When the MX421 is connected to a Leica control display unit (CDU). The MX421B-10 draws about 230 mA. the voltage level must be within these limits. An in-line fuse or circuit breaker rated at 2 amp. 18 .

Connections are done directly to yellow (Pin 7) and white (Pin 8) wires of the MX421-10 I/O cable. It transmits the NMEA data at 4800 baud. 19 . Pins 3 & 4: Leica proprietary message (LPM) input port. Figure 9 . Pins 9 & 10: 1 Pulse Per Second (PPS) output External Differential Beacon Receiver Connection Differential corrections from an external beacon receiver can be connected to the MX421-10 (GPS only) model. 10 9 8 7 6 1 2 3 4 5 Pin# 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Wire Prpl/Gry Purple White Yellow Green Orange Brown Blue Red Black Signal 1 PPS 1 PPS + RTCM In + RTCM In GPS Out + GPS Out LPM In+ LPM In+12~32 VDC Negative GND. Pins 5 & 6: GPS output to the MK12.MX421 Installation Manual MX421-10 Connector Configuration The MX421-10 is a smart GPS only antenna configuration. It will accept RTCM SC104 signal at 4800 baud. Pins 7 & 8: connect to an external beacon receiver like the Leica MX41R. 8 bits. Figure 9 shows the MX421-10 connector pin assignments. MX420 (CDU) or other NMEA 183 compatible devices.Interface Cable Pin Configuration for MX421-10 Where: Pins 1 & 2: are used for GND and 12 VDC input. no parity. 1 stop.

Interface Cable Configuration for MX421B-10 and MX421SB-10 Where: Pins 1 & 2: are the GND and 12 VDC power input. Pins 9 & 10: 1 PPS output 20 . Position accuracy better than 1 meter is possible with this configuration. Pins 3 & 4: Leica proprietary message (LPM) input port.MX421 Installation Manual MX421B-10 & MX421SB-10 Connector Configuration The MX421B-10 and MX421SB-10 antenna configuration is a combination GPS and beacon receiver in one. Connects to Cable B of the MX420/8 CDU.Status Out GPS Out + GPS Out LPM IN+ LPM IN+12~32 VDC Negative GND. Signal and Frequency to the Leica MX420/8 CDU. MX420 or other NMEA 0183 compatible devices. Pins 5 & 6: GPS output to the MK40. Sends the SNR. while the MX421SB-10 can either be auto or manual mode. The built-in differential receiver operates in autosearch mode in the MX421B-10. It enhances the accuracy of the GPS receiver to provide a more accurate position solution. 10 9 8 7 6 1 2 3 4 5 Figure 10 . Pins 7 & 8: Beacon monitoring signal output. Pin# 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Wire Prpl/Gry Purple White Yellow Green Orange Brown Blue Red Black Signal 1 PPS 1 PPS + Beacon Status Out + Beacon .

Only three wires from the MX421 or MX421B cable are used.(WHT) RxD (GRN) +12 V (RED) GND (SHD) CN1 Pin 6 (Green) GPS OUT + Pin 1 (Black) Gnd.GPS Data + MX421-10 MX421B-10 RX DG TXD GND 12V TxD (BRW) N.MX421 Installation Manual Data Interface to MK40 Chartplotter Follow the diagram in Figure 11 to interface the MX421 antenna to the MK40 chartplotter. The MX421-10 and MX421B-10 connection to the MK40 terminal box is shown below.Negative Return and Signal GND GREEN ------------.+12 ~32 VDC Black ----------------. RED -----------------. Pin 2 (Red) +12 VDC To MK40 Figure 11 .C. namely.MX421-10 Interface to the MK40 Chartplotter 21 .

MX421-10 MX421B-10 MX420/2 or Mk12 CDU (16) Red/Wht (1) Shield (8) Org (9) Org/Wht (10) Yel (11) Yel/Blk (4) Brn (5) Brn/Wht (6) Prpl (7) Prpl/Wht (12) Grn (13) Grn/Wht (14) Blu (15) Blu/wht (17) Gry (18) Blk/Wht (3) Blk (2) Red Red (+12 VDC) Blk/Shield (GND) Grn (GPS Out +) Org (GPS Out -) Brn (LPM In +) Blu (LPM In -) In (A) In (B) NMEA1 I/O Out (A) Out (B) In (A) In (B) NMEA2 I/O Out (A) Out (B) NMEA2 Tx (RS-232) Ext. Alarm Cable A Terminal Strip (User Supplied) + - 12~32 VDC Supply Figure 12 .MX421-10 Interface to a MX420/2 and MK12 CDUs 22 .MX421 Installation Manual Data Interface to MX420/2 or MK12 CDU Use the diagram in Figure 12 to interface the MX421-10 to a Leica MX420/2 or the MK12 CDU.

Alarm Cable A Cable B Terminal Strip (User Supplied) (4) Brn (5) Brn/Wht (17) Gray (18) Gray/Blk + - 12~32 VDC Supply White (Beacon Status Out +) Yellow (Beacon Status Out -) Purple (1 PPS +) Purple/Gray (1 PPS -) Figure 13 .MX421 Installation Manual Data Interface to MX420/8 or MX420/AIS CDU Use the diagram in Figure 13 to interface the MX421B-10 to a Leica MX420/8 or MX420/AIS CDU. MX421B-10 MX420/8 or MX420/AIS (16) Red/Wht (1) Shield (8) Org (9) Org/Wht (10) Yel (11) Yel/Blk (4) Brn (5) Brn/Wht (6) Prpl (7) Prpl/Wht (12) Grn (13) Grn/Wht (14) Blu (15) Blu/wht (17) Gry (18) Blk/Wht (3) Blk (2) Red Red (+12 VDC) Blk/Shield (GND) Grn (GPS Out +) Org (GPS Out -) Brn (LPM In +) Blu (LPM In -) In (A) In (B) NMEA1 I/O Out (A) Out (B) In (A) In (B) NMEA2 I/O Out (A) Out (B) NMEA2 Tx (RS-232) Ext.MX421-10 Interface to MX420/8 or MX420/AIS CDUs 23 .

MX421 Installation Manual Data Interface to PC or Non-Leica Navigation Systems Figure 14 shows the power and data output connections to non-Leica navigation systems using a terminal strip and DB9 connector (user supplied items) to terminate the wires. Pin 6 (Green) GPS OUT Pin 1 (Shield) GND Pin 2 (Red) +12 VDC Black Green 6 Terminal Strip DB9 Connector (Female) GPS Data Out 1 2 Red 2 Amp Fuse Common GND 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 To Navigation PC Figure 14 .MX421-10 Interface to a PC chartplotter or Other Non-Leica Navigation Systems 24 .

VTG and GLL Complies with CE emissions: CE EMC Standard EN50081-1 EN50082-1 25 .p. C/A Code (SPS). GGA.0. 12-channel continuous Tracking. GST. 1575.2 m/s/s) Time to first fix: Cold start (no almanac or other data): 120 sec. last fix-position and time known) 48 sec (typical). Without differential corrections <3 meter CEP (SA off) Input/Output interface: NMEA 0183 signal levels (optically isolated input) at 4800 baud. (950 m/s) 4G (39. RMC. (Typical) Position accuracy: With differential corrections <1 meters depending on distance from differential base station. Blockage: 2 sec. GSA. Typical. 150 sec 90% prob able Warm start (almanac.42 MHz (L1 band) -143 dBm Costas threshold 1 Hz to 5 Hz RTCM SC-104 format -10 dBW 12 channel parallel automatic selection Ceramic Patch Frequency: Receiver sensitivity: Update rate: DGPS Input: Receiver maximum input signal: Satellite measurement use: Antenna type: Maximum navigation dynamics: Maximum receiver dynamics: 2125 m.h.MX421 Installation Manual Specifications GPS Receiver Type: L1. GSV. Datum: WGS84 Output messages: NMEA V2. 60 sec 90% probable Reacquisition time: <40 sec.

0 VDC -25 to +60 Degrees.1 lbs. 2-channel Auto or Manual selection (500 Hz steps) 15 uV/m Automatic or Manual on two independent receiver channels 90 dB 40 dB (500 Hz) 500 Hz + 5 Hz H-Field This is strongly influenced by the atmospheric noise level. waterproof 1”. (860 gm.5 to 32 VDC Typically 200 mA at 12. 26 .0 kHz.0 VDC. Worldwide Patents Pending. Input/Output interface: MSK rates: Physical Characteristics Size: Weigh: Height Diameter MX421 MX421B Mount: Supply voltage range Operating current: MX421 MX421B Operating temperature range: 3 1/2 in. (182 mm.14 tpi 10. (89 mm. NMEA 0183 signal levels (optically isolated input) at 4800 baud. a level of 20 dbuV/m will provide a usable signal. without cable) UV stable plastic radome. 507958.5 to 325. Typically 280 mA at 12. without cable) 1.) 7 1/8 in. Typically a level of 40 dBuV/m will provide a usable signal with a 10 dB signal to noise ratio at 200 bps data rate. (500 gm. 100 and 200 (automatic or manual selection).) 1.9 lbs. C Patent: NZ Patent Application No.MX421 Installation Manual Beacon Receiver (For MX421B model) Frequency: Minimum Signal: Station Selection: Dynamic Range: Adjacent Channel Rejection: Channel spacing: Frequency offset tolerance: Antenna type: Sensitivity: 283. In very quite locations and with a data rate of 50 bps.

a. VTG.3 --.x.M.a.xx.14 TPI Mount Data Output The MX421 GPS and DGPS can be configured in the factory to output any one of the following data formats: • NMEA: GGA. position and fix related data for a GPS receiver. GSV.x.xxxx*hh<CR><LF> 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Notes: 1 ----.yyyyy.M.MX421 Installation Manual 7 1/8” (182 mm) 3 ½" (89 mm) 1 in.x. GRS. GST..llll.Latitude .llll.x.UTC of position 2. GLL.x. MSS • Leica proprietary messages (TBD) NMEA 0183 Data Output Sentences (1) GGA . ZDA.x. GSA.hhmmss.yyyy.x.N/S 27 .Global Positioning System Fix Data Time.x. $GPGGA.x. RMC.

2 = 2D.xx..PDOP 16 ---.E/W 6 ----.xx. satellites used in the navigation solution reported by the $GPGGA sentence.MX421 Installation Manual 4.xxx. may be different from the number in view 8 ----. azimuth and SNR values.xx.x.xx. fix valid 3= GPS PPS Mode.5 --. Total number of messages being transmitted and the number of the message transmitted are indicated in the first two fields. forced to operate in 2D or 3D Mode A = Automatic.xx..xx.x.xx.Mode: M = Manual. 3 = 3D 3-14 -. 00-12.. additional satellite data sent in second or third message.x*hh<CR><LF> 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Notes: 1----..12-Geoidal Height.. fix valid 2=Differential GPS. SPS Mode.a.Total number of satellites in view 28 . and DOP values.Number of Satellites in use..HDOP 17 -----VDOP (3) GSV .xx.Horizontal Dilution of Precision (HDOP) 9 -----Antenna altitude/mean-sea-level (geoid) 10-----Units of antenna altitude.xx...Longitude . PRN numbers. Four satellites maximum per transmission.xx. 1 to 3 2 ----.. Meters 11.xx.PRN numbers of satellites used in solution (null for unused fields) 15 ---.x.xx. 1 to 3 3 ----.GPS DOP and Active Satellites GPS receiver operating mode.GPS Satellite in View Number of satellites (SV) in view.x.xxx..xx.Age of Differential GPS Data 14 ----Differential Reference Station ID (2) GSA .. $GPGSA.xx*hh<CR><LF> 1 23 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Notes: 1 ------Total number of messages..xx..xx....x.. Meters 13---.x.xx. fix valid 7 ----.Message number. allowed to automatically switch 2D/3D 2 -----..Mode: 1 = Fix not available.x...x.xx. $GPGSV.GPS Quality Indicator: 0=Fix not available or invalid 1=GPS SPS Mode.xx. elevation..

6 -.x.Magnetic variation. This sentence is transmitted at intervals not exceeding 2 seconds and is always accompanied by RMB when a destination waypoint is active. 90 degrees maximum 6 ------Azimuth.xxxxxx.yyyy.Speed over ground. date.4 -.12 .x. True 9 -----.A.x. E/W 7 ---. degrees E/W.x. null when not tracking 8 ------2nd and 3rd SV 9.Recommended Minimum Specific GPS Data Time.a*hh<CR><LF> 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Notes: 1 ---.a.a.llll.yyyyy.Status: A = data valid V = Navigation receiver warning 3. All data fields must be provided: null fields used only when data is temporarily unavailable.Course Over Ground.Date: dd/mm/yy 10. 000 to 359 7 ------SNR (C/No) 00-99 dB.ss. knots 8 -----.Elevation.Satellite PRN number 5 ----.x.hhmmss. course and speed data provided by a GPS navigation receiver. Westerly variation (W) adds to True course. $GPRMC. degrees.Latitude.UTC of Position fix 2 ---. Easterly variation (E) subtracts from True course.MX421 Installation Manual 4 ----. position.Longitude. degrees True.10. RMC and RMB are the recommended minimum data to be provided by a GPS receiver.11. N/S 5.11 .4th SV (4) RMC . 29 .llll.x.

INCLUDING. THIS PRINTED LIMITED WARRANTY IS ACCEPTED BY BUYER IN LIEU OF ANY OTHER WARRANTY FOR THE PRODUCT. This warranty also does not apply to batteries and losses or damage due to the batteries. maintenance or application. or improper installation. Seller shall repair or replace the defective Product. WITHOUT LIMITATION.S. nor does it extend to any Product which has been repaired or altered by anybody other than the Seller or its authorized service representative. Government. AND SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE THE BUYER’S ENTIRE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY. WHETHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. the Leica products or parts thereof (“Product”) are found to be defective in material or workmanship. Since the GPS system on which the Product operates is furnished by the U.MX421 Installation Manual PRODUCT WARRANTY AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY Leica products are warranted by Leica Geosystems (the “Seller”) to original purchaser (the “buyer”) for use only to be free of all defects in material and workmanship for a period of twelve (12) months from date of purchase by Buyer. Product which is repaired or replaced under the warranty is covered by this warranty for the remainder of the original warranty period or for a period of ninety (90) days after return shipment to Buyer. an accident. and taxes associated with the return of the Product to Seller. ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. In order to claim this warranty service. This warranty does not apply to failure of any equipment not sold to Buyer by Seller. unless such repair or alteration was authorized in writing by Seller. coverage or accuracy. the Seller shall not be responsible for the GPS system or changes in the GPS System availability. 30 . at the discretion of the Seller. If during the warranty period. not Seller. SELLER’S MAXIMUM LIABILITY ARISING FROM USE OF SELLER’S PRODUCT SHALL NOT EXCEED AND BUYER’S REMEDY IS LIMITED IN ANY EVENT TO REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT AND REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH THE RETURN OF THE DEFECTIVE PRODUCT AS PROVIDED HEREIN. duties. or to any Product which has been subjected to misuse. Buyer shall return the defective Product. whichever is longer. together with proof of purchase to Seller or its authorized service representative and pay all transportation charges. Seller shall reimburse Buyer for costs of the return to Buyer of Product found to be defective and covered by this warranty.

MX421 Installation Manual IN NO EVENT SHALL SELLER BE LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY KIND OR NATURE. DAMAGE TO OR LOSS OF PROPERTY. INCLUDING. BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF PROFIT OR REVENUE. ARISING FROM OR RELATED TO THE USE OF THE PRODUCT. COMMERCIAL LOSS. 31 .

where and what are they? Be sure to reference the title and identification number of this manual: Installation Manual P/N 723594 and include your name. CA 90505 United States of America or write your comments on the Reader Comment Sheet on the next page mail it to us. All of your comments and suggestions become the property of Leica. address and telephone number. We need to know such things as: • • • • is the manual complete. or do you need more (or less) information? can you find the information you need easily? is the information easy to understand. 23868 Hawthorne Blvd.MX421 Installation Manual How Are We Doing? Please Help Us To Help You And Our Other Valued Customers By sending us your evaluation of this manual. Torrance. or could we be clearer? are there any errors and. and 32 . Please send them to: Leica Geosystems Inc. if so. We look forward to finding out how we can improve our information services.

MX421 Installation Manual Reader Comment Sheet Installation Manual P/N 723594 Leica welcomes your evaluation of this manual. Do not use this form to request purchases. or make general comments below. Please contact your Leica marketing representative for purchases or additional publications. Use extra pages if you like. Thank you. maintenance assistance. suggest additions. All comments and suggestions become the property of Leica. Please note errors. or additional publications. and your nearest authorized service representative for maintenance assistance. 33 . _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Your Name:___________________________________________ Address:_____________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ Phone: ( )__________________________________________ Fold on broken line as shown on other side of page and seal with tape.

MX421 Installation Manual Place Stamp Here Leica Geosystems Inc. 23868 Hawthorne Blvd. Torrance. CA 90505-5908 USA ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 34 .

23868 Hawthorne Blvd.Leica Geosystems Inc. USA Phone +1 310 791 5300 Fax +1 310 791 6108 www.leica-geosystems. CA 90505.com . Torrance.