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GCE Mathematics 6666 Core Mathematics 4

Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel and BTEC qualifications come from Pearson, the world’s leading learning company. We provide a wide range of qualifications including academic, vocational, occupational and specific programmes for employers. For further information, please visit our website at www.edexcel.com. Our website subject pages hold useful resources, support material and live feeds from our subject advisors giving you access to a portal of information. If you have any subject specific questions about this specification that require the help of a subject specialist, you may find our Ask The Expert email service helpful. www.edexcel.com/contactus

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January 2013 Publications Code UA034368 All the material in this publication is copyright © Pearson Education Ltd 2013

e. the team leader must be consulted. Examiners must mark the first candidate in exactly the same way as they mark the last. Examiners should also be prepared to award zero marks if the candidate’s response is not worthy of credit according to the mark scheme. • All the marks on the mark scheme are designed to be awarded. . • Examiners should mark according to the mark scheme not according to their perception of where the grade boundaries may lie.General Marking Guidance • All candidates must receive the same treatment. if the answer matches the mark scheme. All marks on the mark scheme should be used appropriately. i. Examiners should always award full marks if deserved. • Crossed out work should be marked UNLESS the candidate has replaced it with an alternative response. Candidates must be rewarded for what they have shown they can do rather than penalised for omissions. • Where some judgement is required. • There is no ceiling on achievement. • When examiners are in doubt regarding the application of the mark scheme to a candidate’s response. • Mark schemes should be applied positively. mark schemes will provide the principles by which marks will be awarded and exemplification may be limited.

4. Abbreviations These are some of the traditional marking abbreviations that will appear in the mark schemes . • bod – benefit of doubt • ft – follow through • the symbol will be used for correct ft • cao – correct answer only • cso . as A1 ft to indicate that previous wrong working is to be followed through. the mark distributions (e. • ddM1 denotes a method mark which is dependent upon the award of the previous 2 method marks.EDEXCEL GCE MATHEMATICS General Instructions for Marking 1. 2. for example. unless shown. All A marks are ‘correct answer only’ (cao. There must be no errors in this part of the question to obtain this mark • isw – ignore subsequent working • awrt – answers which round to • SC: special case • oe – or equivalent (and appropriate) • dep – dependent • indep – independent • dp decimal places • sf significant figures • or AG: The answer is printed on the paper • dM1 denotes a method mark which is dependent upon the award of the previous method mark. The Edexcel Mathematics mark schemes use the following types of marks: • • • • M marks: method marks are awarded for ‘knowing a method and attempting to apply it’. After a misread however.). M1. B marks are unconditional accuracy marks (independent of M marks) Marks should not be subdivided.g. B1 and A1) printed on the candidate’s response may differ from the final mark scheme. but incorrect answers should never be awarded A marks. .correct solution only. • dM1* denotes a method mark which is dependent upon the award of the M1* mark. In some instances. unless otherwise indicated. 3. A marks: Accuracy marks can only be awarded if the relevant method (M) marks have been earned. the subsequent A marks affected are treated as A ft. The total number of marks for the paper is 75.

detailed working would not be required. or working with surds is clearly required. Normal marking procedure is as follows: Method mark for quoting a correct formula and attempting to use it. even if there are mistakes in the substitution of values. but that misreads which alter the nature or difficulty of the question cannot be treated so generously and it will usually be necessary here to follow the scheme as written). an exact answer is asked for. the method mark can be gained by implication from correct working with values. In clear cases. please deduct the first 2 A (or B) marks which would have been lost by following the scheme. These are not common.Use of a formula Where a method involves using a formula that has been learnt. Exact answers Examiners’ reports have emphasised that where. for example. . the advice given in recent examiners’ reports is that the formula should be quoted first. Where the formula is not quoted. Answers without working The rubric says that these may not gain full credit. Misreads A misread must be consistent for the whole question to be interpreted as such. Sometimes following the scheme as written is more generous to the candidate than applying the misread rule. General policy is that if it could be done “in your head”. Individual mark schemes will give details of what happens in particular cases. marks will normally be lost if the candidate resorts to using rounded decimals. but may be lost if there is any mistake in the working. (Note that 2 marks is the maximum misread penalty. so in this case use the scheme as written.

. A1: Accept only 27 2 135 3 11 7 x − x or 1 x 2 − 4 x 3 or 1..21875 x 3 16 32 16 32 . ⎥ or SC: K ⎢ 1 − x + x − x + .. with each term in the [.. (− 3)( − 4) (− 3)(− 4) 2 2 ( k x ) or 1 + .. + kx ) to give any 2 terms out of 4 terms simplified or un-simplified.. . ⎥ 8 2! 3! ⎩ ⎭⎣ ⎦ 2 3 ⎤ (− 3)(− 4)(−5) ⎛ 3 x ⎞ ⎧1 ⎫ ⎡ ⎛ 3 x ⎞ (− 3)( − 4) ⎛ 3 x ⎞ = ⎨ ⎬ ⎢ 1 + (− 3) ⎜ ⎟ + ⎜ ⎟ + ⎜ ⎟ + . 8 8 −3 M1: Expands (.... ⎥ 2! 3! ⎩8 ⎭ ⎣ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎢ ⎥ ⎦ = 1⎡ 9 27 2 135 3 ⎤ 1 − x... Eg: 1 + (− 3)(k x) or (− 3) ( k x ) + 2 3 ⎧1 ⎫ ⎡ ⎛ 3x ⎞ (− 3)(− 4) ⎛ 3x ⎞ (− 3)(− 4)(−5) ⎛ 3x ⎞ + “Incorrect bracketing” ⎨ ⎬ ⎢ 1 + (− 3) ⎜ ⎟ + ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ + ..] either a simplified fraction or a decimal.. ⎥ ⎢ 8⎣ 2 2 4 ⎦ 1 9 27 2 135 3 = − x... 3x ⎞ 1 ⎛ 3x ⎞ −3 ⎛ (2 + 3 x) − 3 = ( 2 ) ⎜ 1 + ⎟ = ⎜1 + ⎟ 2 8⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ (− 3)(− 4) (− 3)(− 4)(−5) ⎧1 ⎫ ⎡ ⎤ = ⎨ ⎬ ⎢ 1 + (− 3)(k x) + (k x) 2 + (k x)3 + . 1 9 A1: For − x (simplified fractions) or also allow 0. + x − x + .6875 x 2 − 4. 8 16 16 32 (2) − 3 or 1 8 B1 see notes M1 A1 See notes below! A1.....January 2013 6666 Core Mathematics C4 Mark Scheme Question Number −3 Scheme Marks −3 1.5625 x.125 − 0.... 2 ⎠ 2! 2 ⎠ 3! 2 ⎠ ⎩8 ⎭ ⎢ ⎝ ⎝ ⎝ ⎣ ⎤ ⎥ is M1A0 ⎥ ⎦ unless recovered.... ⎥ 8⎣ 2 2 2 4 ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ (where K can be 1 or omitted).. A1 [5] 5 B1: (2) − 3 or 1 1 outside brackets or as constant term in the binomial expansion. or 2! 3! (− 3)(− 4) (− 3)(− 4)(−5) A1: A correct simplified or un-simplified 1 + (− 3)(k x) + (k x) 2 + ( k x )3 2! 3! expansion with consistent ( k x ) where k ≠ 1 ... + x − x + . 8 16 1⎡ 9 9 27 2 135 3 ⎤ ⎡ ⎤ Allow Special Case A1 for either SC: ⎢ 1 − x .. + (k x) 2! 2! (− 3)(− 4) ( − 3)( − 4)( − 5) (k x)2 + (k x)3 where k ≠ 1 are ok for M1.

2 2 8 16 16 32 Alternative method: Candidates can apply an alternative form of the binomial expansion. A1: All four (un-simplified) terms correct. Candidates who write = . ⎥ where 8⎣ 2! 3! ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎢ ⎥ ⎦ 3 3 1 9 27 2 135 3 k = − and not and achieve + x+ x + x + . 1 9 A1: − x 8 16 27 2 135 3 A1: + x − x 16 32 Note: The terms in C need to be evaluated. will get B1M1A1A0A0. (− 3)(− 4) − 5 (− 3)(− 4)(−5) − 6 (2 + 3 x) − 3 = (2) − 3 + (− 3)(2) −4 (3 x) + (2) (3 x) 2 + (2) (3 x)3 2! 3! 1 B1: or (2) − 3 8 M1: Any two of four (un-simplified) terms correct.. ctd 2 3 ⎤ 1⎡ ( − 3)( − 4)(−5) ⎛ 3 x ⎞ ⎛ 3 x ⎞ (− 3)(− 4) ⎛ 3x ⎞ − + − ⎢ 1 + (− 3) ⎜ − ⎟ + ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ + ... so −3C0 (2) − 3 + −3C1 (2) −4 (3 x) + −3C2 (2) − 5 (3 x) 2 + −3C3 (2) − 6 (3 x)3 without further working is B0M0A0.1..

1 16 16 (a) M1: Integration by parts is applied in the form A1: ±λ 1 1 or equivalent. 2x2 x A1 ⎧ 1 −1 ln x + ⎨= 2 2 2 x ⎩ ∫x 1 3 ⎫ dx ⎬ ⎭ 1 1 → ± β x −2 . Also note the fraction terms must be combined. or equivalent. when their answer to part (a) is incorrect. .1875 − 0. or awrt 0. 1 ln ( 1 ) + 3 3 1 3 1 A1: Two term exact answer of either − ln 2 or − ln 2 8 or ( 3 − 2ln 2 ) or 4 16 8 16 16 16 or 0. 4 x2 You can ignore subsequent working after a correct stated answer. 2 x x x = −1 ln x − 2 x2 ∫ −1 1 .1 in part (b). 1 3 du 1 ⎧ u = ln x ⇒ = ⎪ ⎪ dx x ⎨ −2 ⎪ dv = x −3 ⇒ v = x = −1 ⎪ −2 2 x 2 ⎩ dx ⎫ ⎪ ⎪ ⎬ ⎪ ⎪ ⎭ In the form ±λ 1 1 ln x ± µ 2 . simplified or un-simplified. or equivalent. You can ignore the dx. x2 x 1 1⎛ 1 ⎞ 1 1 x− 2 x− 2 A1: − 2 ln x + ⎜ − 2 ⎟ {+ c} or = − 2 ln x − 2 {+ c} or ln x − {+ c} −2 2x 4x 4 2x 2 ⎝ 2x ⎠ −1 − 2ln x or {+ c} or equivalent. ± µ ∫ . A1 2x2 − ∫ M1 ∫ −1 1 . Also allow awrt 0.Question Number Scheme 2. A1 [2] 7 3 1 = − ln 2 16 8 or 1 3 1 − ln 2 8 or ( 3 − 2ln 2 ) . 2x2 ∫ A1 : − ∫ −1 1 . 2x2 x (b) 1 1 → ± β x −2 . dx 2 x2 x −1 ln x simplified or un-simplified. with/without + c 1 1⎛ 1 ⎞ = − 2 ln x + ⎜ − 2 ⎟ {+ c} 2x 2 ⎝ 2x ⎠ ± µ ∫ dM1 A1 [5] (b) 2 ⎧⎡ 1 1 ⎤ ⎫ 1 1 ⎞ ⎛ 1 1 ⎞ ⎪ ⎪ ⎛ ln 2 − ln1 − − ⎜− ⎨ ⎢ − 2 ln x − 2 ⎥ ⎬ = ⎜ − ⎟ 2 2 ⎟ 2 4 x ⎦1 ⎭ 4(2) ⎠ ⎝ 2(1) 4(1) 2 ⎠ ⎪⎣ 2 x ⎪ ⎝ 2(2) ⎩ Applies limits of 2 and 1 to their part (a) M1 answer and subtracts the correct way round. Note: Award the final A0 in part (b) for a candidate who achieves awrt 0. 2 x x Correct answer. (a) ∫ x ln x dx .125ln 2. etc. ln x ± µ 2 . M1: Some evidence of applying limits of 2 and 1 to their part (a) answer and subtracts the correct way round. . dM1: Depends on the previous M1. 2 x x x −1 ln x simplified or un-simplified.1.

dM1 x 1 3 or equivalent − 3 ( x ln x − x) − A1 2x 4 x2 with/without + c . ⎨ ⎬ 3 x ⎪ dv = ln x ⇒ v = x ln x − x ⎪ ⎪ ⎪ ⎩ dx ⎭ −3 1 1 ln x dx = 3 ( x ln x − x) − ( x ln x − x) 4 dx 3 x x x ∫ ∫ ∫ −2 ∫ ∫ 1 1 ln x dx = 3 ( x ln x − x) − x3 x ∫ 3 dx x3 1 1 λ ln x dx = 3 ( x ln x − x) ± dx 3 x x x3 where k ≠ 1 1 3 Any one of 3 ( x ln x − x) or − dx x x3 k ∫ ∫ M1 1 ( x ln x − x) − x3 −2 1 1 3 ln x dx = 3 ( x ln x − x) + 3 2 x2 x x {+ c} {+ c} ∫ 1 1 3 ln x dx = − 3 ( x ln x − x) − 3 2x 4 x2 x =− 1 1 ln x − 2 {+ c} 2 2x 4x 3 dx and k = − 2 A1 x3 1 ± µ 3 → ± β x −2 . in part (b). ∫ ∫ ∫ A1 .100856. Alternative Solution du ⎧ ⎫ ⇒ = − 3x −4 ⎪ u = x −3 ⎪ 1 ⎪ ⎪ dx ln x dx .2. (b) ctd Note: Decimal answer is 0...

B1 Attempts to find the value of either one of their B or their C M1 from their identity.Question Number 3. which are found using A1 5 x − 4 ≡ B (3 x − 1) + C ( x + 2) So. leading to ( x + 2)(3x − 1) ( x + 2) (3x − 1) A = 2 and B = −1 will gain a maximum of B0B0M1A0 . constant: − 4 = − B + 2C or x = − 2 ⇒ − 10 − 4 = − 7 B ⇒ − 14 = − 7 B ⇒ B = 2 1 5 7 7 7 x = ⇒ − 4 = C ⇒ − = C ⇒ C = −1 3 3 3 3 3 Forming a correct identity. ( x + 2)(3 x − 1) ( x + 2) (3 x − 1) their constant term = 3 B1 5 x − 4 ≡ B(3x − 1) + C ( x + 2) Either x : 5 = 3B + C . Correct values for their B and their C. x : 20 = 5 A + 3B + C constant: − 10 = − 2 A − B + 2C or x = − 2 ⇒ 36 − 40 − 10 = − 7 B ⇒ −14 = − 7 B ⇒ B = 2 x= 1 20 7 7 7 ⇒1+ − 10 = C ⇒ − = C ⇒ C = − 1 3 3 3 3 3 [4] Method 2: Long Division 9 x 2 + 20 x − 10 5x − 4 ≡ 3+ ( x + 2)(3x − 1) ( x + 2)(3x − 1) 5x − 4 B C ≡ + So. B1 Attempts to find the value of either one of their B or their C M1 from their identity. Scheme Method 1: Using one identity 9 x 2 + 20 x − 10 B C ≡ A + + ( x + 2)(3x − 1) ( x + 2) (3x − 1) A=3 Marks 9 x + 20 x − 10 ≡ A( x + 2)(3 x − 1) + B (3 x − 1) + C ( x + 2) 2 B1 Forming a correct identity. which are A1 found using a correct identity. their constant term = 3 Either x2 : 9 = 3 A . . 9 x 2 + 20 x − 10 2 1 ≡ 3 + − ( x + 2)(3x − 1) ( x + 2) (3x − 1) [4] 4 1st B1: Their constant term must be equal to 3 for this mark. A1: Correct values for their B and their C. 2nd B1 (M1 on epen): Forming a correct identity. This can be achieved by either substituting values into their identity or comparing coefficients and solving the resulting equations simultaneously. M1 (A1 on epen): Attempts to find the value of either one of their B or their C from their identity. Correct values for their B and their C. This can be implied by later working. leading to 9 x 2 + 20 x − 10 ≡ A(3 x − 1) + B ( x + 2) . which are found using a correct identity. 9 x 2 + 20 x − 10 A B Note : ≡ + .

1) 7 9 x 2 + 20 x − 10 3x + 23 3 3 ≡ − ( x + 2)"(3x − 1)" ( x + 2) ( x + 2)(3 x − 1) ≡ 3+ So. C = − 6 So. A1: Correct answer in partial fractions. and 9 x 2 + 20 x − 10 5 2 6 ≡ 3+ + − ( x + 2)(3 x − 1) (3x − 1) ( x + 2) (3 x − 1) 9 x 2 + 20 x − 10 2 1 ≡ 3 + − ( x + 2)(3x − 1) ( x + 2) (3x − 1) B1: Forming a correct identity. Alternative Method 2: Initially dividing by (3x . ctd Note: You can imply the 2nd B1 from either 9 x 2 + 20 x − 10 A( x + 2)(3x − 1) + B (3 x − 1) + C ( x + 2) ≡ ( x + 2)(3x − 1) ( x + 2)(3 x − 1) or 5x − 4 B (3x − 1) + C ( x + 2) ≡ ( x + 2)(3x − 1) ( x + 2)(3 x − 1) Alternative Method 1: Initially dividing by (x + 2) 9 x 2 + 20 x − 10 9x + 2 14 ≡ − "( x + 2)"(3x − 1) (3 x − 1) ( x + 2)(3 x − 1) ≡ 3+ 5 14 − (3 x − 1) ( x + 2)(3 x − 1) B1: their constant term = 3 So. 5 3 ( x + 2) − 7 3 ( x + 2)(3x − 1) B1: their constant term = 3 −7 B C 3 ≡ + ( x + 2)(3x − 1) ( x + 2) (3x − 1) −7 3 ≡ B (3 x − 1) + C ( x + 2) B1: Forming a correct identity. M1: Attempts to find either one of their B or their C from their identity.3. 1 M1: Attempts to find either one of their B or their C ⇒ B = . − 14 B C ≡ + ( x + 2)(3x − 1) ( x + 2) (3x − 1) −14 ≡ B(3x − 1) + C ( x + 2) ⇒ B = 2. C = −1 from their identity. 3 2 5 1 9 x + 20 x − 10 1 3 3 So. . ≡ 3+ + − ( x + 2)(3 x − 1) ( x + 2) ( x + 2) (3 x − 1) and 9 x 2 + 20 x − 10 2 1 ≡ 3 + − ( x + 2)(3x − 1) ( x + 2) (3x − 1) A1: Correct answer in partial fractions.

843 or awrt 2..0981) = 2.76965).1863).0981) + 1... Look for this on the table or in the candidate’s working. [8] 12 (a) (b) B1: 1.8284 + their 1.843 Note: Working must be seen to demonstrate the use of the trapezium rule.... u M1 ∫ ⎛ u 3 3u 2 ⎞ (u − 1)3 → ⎜ − + 3u − ln u ⎟ u 2 ⎝ 3 ⎠ A1 ⎛ 2(3)3 ⎞ ⎛ 2(2)3 ⎞ = ⎜ − 3(3) 2 + 6(3) − 2ln 3 ⎟ − ⎜ − 3(2) 2 + 6(2) − 2ln 2 ⎟ ⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠ = 11 11 11 ⎛2⎞ ⎛9⎞ + 2ln 2 − 2ln 3 or + 2ln ⎜ ⎟ or − ln ⎜ ⎟ . 2(u − 1) A1 u Expands to give a “four term” cubic in u. ∫ ∫ (u − 1) 2 . 2 ..3333) + ( 0. (a) (b) Scheme 1.Question Number 4. etc 3 3 3 ⎝3⎠ ⎝4⎠ Applies limits of 3 and 2 in u or 4 and 1 in x and M1 subtracts either way round.8284 + their 1.3333) + 2 ( 0.3333 (nb: answer of 6.5 + 1.×⎡ ⎣ 0.. M1 Eg: ± Au 3 ± Bu 2 ± Cu ± D An attempt to divide at least three terms in M1 their cubic by u.3333⎤ ⎦ 2 1 = × 5. 1 1 B1: Outside brackets × 1 or 2 2 M1: For structure of trapezium rule [ ...8284 + their 1. ] A1: anything that rounds to 2..843 (3 dp) 2 Marks B1 cao [1] B1. 2(u − 1) du u ∫ (u − 1) du = {2} u 3 = {2} 1 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎜ u − 3u + 3 − ⎟ du u ⎠ ⎝ 3 2 ⎛u ⎞ 3u = {2} ⎜ − + 3u − ln u ⎟ 2 ⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎡ 2u 3 ⎤ Area( R ) = ⎢ − 3u 2 + 6u − 2ln u ⎥ ⎣ 3 ⎦2 3 ∫ ∫ (u − 3u + 3u − 1) du u 3 2 (u − 1) 2 .84315 Note: Award B1M1 A1 for 2 Bracketing mistake: Unless the final answer implies that the calculation has been done correctly 1 Award B1M0A0 for × 1 + 0.. See notes.. Note: actual area is 2. M1 2.0981) + 1.8284 + their 1.0981) (nb: answer of 4..84315 = 2. 2 1 Award B1M0A0 for × 1 (0.85573645… 1 (0.5 + 2 ( 0.0981 1 Area ≈ × 1 ..0981 correct answer only..843 A1 [3] (c) u 1 = x {u = 1 + x} ⇒ d dx 2 ⎧ ⎫ x dx = ⎬ ⎨ ⎩ 1+ x ⎭ = 2 1 − 2 or dx = 2(u − 1) du B1 ∫ ∫ (u − 1) 2 ..5 + 2 ( 0.5 + 1.6863 = 2. Correct exact answer A1 or equivalent.

(u − 1) du = {2} . etc . (u − 1) du u u 1⎞ ⎛ ⎜ u − 2 + ⎟ .84315 ⎥ 2 2 2 ⎣ ⎦ B1: 1 and a divisor of 2 on all terms inside brackets. (b) ctd Alternative method for part (b): Adding individual trapezia ⎡ 0. A1: anything that rounds to 2. du dx 2 2 x 1st M1: x 1+ x becoming (u − 1) 2 (Ignore integral sign). rd 3 M1: An attempt to divide at least three terms in their cubic by u.. u dx becoming 1st A1 (B1 on epen): (u − 1) 2 (u − 1) 2 2 . (u 3 − 3u 2 + 3u − 1) 1 → u 2 − 3u + 3 − Ie. M1: First and last ordinates once and two of the middle ordinates twice inside brackets ignoring the 2. u u 3 3 2 ⎛u ⎞ (u − 1) 3u 2nd A1: du → ⎜ − + 3u − ln u ⎟ u 2 ⎝ 3 ⎠ ∫ 4 M1: Some evidence of limits of 3 and 2 in u and subtracting either way round.843 (c) B1: du 1 − 1 1 dx = x 2 or du = dx or 2 x du = dx or dx = 2(u − 1)du or = 2(u − 1) oe. 3rd A1: Exact answer of 11 11 11 ⎛2⎞ ⎛9⎞ ⎛ 11 ⎞ + 2ln 2 − 2ln 3 or + 2ln ⎜ ⎟ or − ln ⎜ ⎟ or 2 ⎜ + ln 2 − ln 3 ⎟ 3 3 3 ⎝3⎠ ⎝4⎠ ⎝6 ⎠ 11 22 2 22 ⎛2⎞ or or 3 or + 2ln ⎜ ⎟ . ± C or ± u 2nd M1 3rd M1 .8284 0. B ≠ 0. 2(u − 1) {du} or . x 2nd M1: Expands to give a “four term” cubic in u.0981 +1. {du} . ± Au 3 ± Bu 2 ± Cu ± D where A ≠ 0. to give three out of four of D ± Au 2 .8284 +1.3333 ⎤ Area ≈ 1× ⎢ + + = 2.0981 1. u (u − 1) −1 u 1+ x You can ignore the integral sign and the du . (u − 1) du = u⎠ ⎝ 2 ∫ {} ( ∫ ∫ 1⎞ ⎛ = {2} ⎜ u − 2u + 1 − u + 2 − ⎟ du ∫⎝ u⎠ 1⎞ ⎛ = {2} ⎜ u − 3u + 3 − ⎟ du ∫⎝ u⎠ {2} 2 2 u 2 − . C ≠ 0 and D ≠ 0 The cubic does not need to be simplified for this mark.. then divide the result by u and then go on to multiply by (u − 1) .5 + 0. Note: that fractions must be combined to give either 3 6 3 6 ⎝3⎠ th Alternative method for 2nd M1 and 3rd M1 mark {2} = ∫ (u − 1) 2 (u 2 − 2u + 1) .) du An attempt to expand (u − 1) 2 .4. ± Bu .

(c) ctd Final two marks in part (c): u = 1 + ⎡ 2 1+ x Area( R ) = ⎢ ⎢ 3 ⎢ ⎣ x + 6 1+ ( ) 3 − 3 1+ ( x ) 2 ( x − 2ln 1 + ) ( ⎤ x ⎥ ⎥ ⎥1 ⎦ 4 ) ⎛ 2 1+ 4 3 ⎞ 2 ⎜ = − 3 1 + 4 + 6 1 + 4 − 2ln 1 + 4 ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ 3 ⎛ 2 1+ 1 ⎞ 2 − ⎜ − 3 1 + 1 + 6 1 + 1 − 2ln 1 + 1 ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎛ 16 ⎞ = (18 − 27 + 18 − 2ln 3) − ⎜ − 12 + 12 − 2ln 2 ⎟ ⎝ 3 ⎠ ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) M1: Applies limits of 4 and 1 in x and subtracts either way round. ⎨ u (u − 1) 4 ⎪ dv = (u − 1)3 ⇒ v= ⎪ 4 ⎩ dx 4 4 (u − 1) 1 (u − 1) = −− du 4u 4 u2 (u − 1) 4 1 u 4 − 4u 3 + 6u 2 − 4u + 1 = + du u2 4u 4 (u − 1) 4 1 4 1 = + u 2 − 4u + 6 − + 2 du 4u 4 u u ∫ ⎫ ⎪ ⎪ ⎬ ⎪ ⎪ ⎭ = (u − 1) 4 1 ⎛ u3 1⎞ + ⎜ − 2u 2 + 6u − 4ln u − ⎟ 4u 4⎝ 3 u⎠ 3 ∫ ∫ ∫ M1: Applies integration by parts and expands to give a five term quartic. A1: Correct Integration. M1: Dividing at least 4 terms. 3 ∫ 2 ⎡ (u − 1) 4 (u − 1)3 u 3 u 2 3u 1⎤ du = ⎢ + − + − ln u − ⎥ 12 2 2 4u ⎦ 2 u ⎣ 4u M1 27 9 9 1 ⎞ ⎛1 8 4 6 1⎞ ⎛ 16 = ⎜ + − + − ln 3 − ⎟ − ⎜ + − + − ln 2 − ⎟ 12 2 2 12 ⎠ ⎝ 8 12 2 2 8⎠ ⎝ 12 ⎛5 ⎞ = ( 7 − ln 3) − ⎜ − ln 2 ⎟ ⎝3 ⎠ 11 2 = + ln 6 3 3 (u − 1)3 2⎞ ⎛ 11 Area( R ) = 2 du = 2 ⎜ + ln ⎟ A1 u 3⎠ 2 ⎝6 ∫ . etc 3 3 3 ⎝3⎠ ⎝4⎠ A1: Correct exact answer or equivalent. = 11 11 11 ⎛2⎞ ⎛9⎞ + 2ln 2 − 2ln 3 or + 2ln ⎜ ⎟ or − ln ⎜ ⎟ .4. Alternative method for the final 5 marks in part (b) d"u " ⎧ "u " = u −1 ⇒ = − u −2 3 ⎪ (u − 1) dx ⎪ du .

15 − 2 or equivalent. so m(T) = − 8ln 2 ⇒ m(N) = m ( T) 8ln 2 1 1 y −3= ( x − 0) or y = 3 + x or equivalent. y = 22 − 1 = 3 Marks (a) Applies x = 0 to obtain a value for t. Substitutes their changed limits in t and dM1* subtracts either way round. M1 (Must be seen in part (b)).Question Number 5. See notes.⎜⎝ − 2 ⎟⎠ dt t ⎛ 1⎞ Complete substitution for both y and dx M1 B1 Either 2t → 2 ln 2 M1* t ⎞ ⎧ 1 ⎫⎛ 2 = ⎨− ⎬ ⎜ − t⎟ ⎩ 2 ⎭ ⎝ ln 2 ⎠ t or ( 2t − 1) → or (2 t − 1) → ± α (ln 2)(2t ) − t (2t ) −t ± α (ln 2) 0 ⎧ 1 ⎡ 2t ⎫ ⎤ ⎪ 1 ⎛ ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ 16 ⎪ ⎞⎞ − − t − 4⎟⎟ ⎨ ⎬ = − ⎜⎜ ⎟− ⎜ ⎢ ⎥ 2 ⎣ ln 2 2 ⎝ ⎝ ln 2 ⎠ ⎝ ln 2 ⎠⎠ ⎦4 ⎪ ⎪ ⎩ ⎭ 15 = −2 2ln 2 2t − t A1 ln 2 Depends on the previous method mark. 1 dx − dt dt 2 −1 1 Applies t = "2" and m(N) = At A. Scheme Working parametrically: 1 x = 1 − t . A1 2ln 2 (2 t − 1) → [6] 15 . [2] (b) {y = 0 ⇒} 0 = 2t − 1 ⇒ t = 0 1 (0) = 1 2 When t = 0 . 8ln 2 8ln 2 Area( R ) = B1 M1 M1 M1 A1 oe cso [5] (d) x = − 1 → t = 4 and x = 1 → t = 0 ∫ ( 2 − 1). A1 Applies y = 0 to obtain a value for t. t = "2". x = 1 − x =1 A1 [2] (c) dy dx 1 dy =− and either = 2t ln 2 or = et ln 2 ln 2 dt 2 dt dt dy 2t ln 2 dy dx = divided by their Attempts their . y = 2t − 1 or y = et ln 2 − 1 2 1 { x = 0 ⇒} 0 = 1 − t ⇒ t = 2 2 When t = 2 . M1 Correct value for y.

A1: For y = 22 − 1 = 3 or y = 4 − 1 = 3 Alternative Solution 1: M1: For substituting t = 2 into either x or y. Note: their × dt dt dt dt ⎛ dx ⎞ their ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ dt ⎠ −1 M1: Uses their value of t found in part (a) and applies m( N) = . A1: For finding x = 1. This mark can be implied by later working. Substitutes their limits in t and subtracts either way round. . ⎜ their ⎟ dt ⎠ ⎝ B1: Changes limits from x → t. x = − 1 → t = 4 and x = 1 → t = 0 . dx ⎞ ⎛ M1: Complete substitution for both y and dx . or integrates ( 2t − 1) to give either A1: Correct integration of ( 2t − 1) with respect to t to give 2t − t. dt dt dy dx dy 1 dy M1: Their divided by their or their must be a function of t. 1 A1: x = 1 − (2) = 0 and y = 22 − 1 = 3 2 Alternative Solution 2: M1: Applies y = 3 and obtains a value of t. Note t = 4 and t = 0 seen is B1. 2ln 2 ln 4 2ln 2 ln 2 2 . ( x − 0) 8ln 2 Working in decimals is ok for the three method marks. You can apply isw here. (b) (c) A1: y−3= (d) ∫ M1*: Integrates 2t correctly to give 2t ln 2 (2t ) −t ± α (ln 2) or ±α (ln 2)(2t ) − t .5. (a) M1: Applies x = 0 and obtains a value of t. B1. A1: Shows that t = 2 for both y = 3 and x = 0 . 7..5 15 15 15 15 − 4ln 2 A1: Exact answer of − 2 or or − 2 or − 2 or log 2 e − 2 or equivalent. A1 require exact values. Working must be seen in part (b). . dx dy B1: Both and correct. 2 Alternative Solution 3: M1: Applies y = 3 or x = 0 and obtains a value of t. ln 2 dM1*: Depends upon the previous method mark. M1: Applies y = 0 and obtains a value of t. So candidate should write down ( 2t − 1) .. m ( T) M1: y − 3 = (their normal gradient) x or y = (their normal gradient) x + 3 or equivalent. 1 A1: For x = 1 − (2) = 0 or x = 1 − 1 = 0 . Note: Award M1A1 for x = 1. 1 1 1 ( x − 0) or y = 3 + x or y − 3 = ( x − 0) or ( 8ln 2 ) y − 24ln 2 = x 8ln 2 8ln 2 ln 256 y−3 1 or = .

(d) Area( R ) = = ∫(2 ∫ 1 −1 2− 2 x − 1) dx − 1) dx (2 2− 2 x Form the integral of their Cartesian M1 equation of C. 15 − 2 or equivalent. to arrive at a correct answer of 3... ( 22−2 x − 1) ∫ −1 Either 22− 2 x → ⎛ 2 ⎞ =⎜ − x⎟ ⎝ − 2ln 2 ⎠ 2− 2 x 22 − 2 x − 2ln 2 or (2 2− 2 x − 1) → or ( 22− 2 x − 1) → ± α (ln 2)(22− 2 x ) − x 22 − 2 x −x ± α (ln 2) 2 2− 2 x −x − 2ln 2 M1* ( 22−2 x − 1) → 1 ⎧ ⎡ 2 2− 2 x ⎫ ⎛⎛ 1 ⎤ ⎪ ⎞ ⎛ 16 ⎪ ⎞⎞ − x⎥ ⎬ = ⎜ ⎜ − 1⎟ − ⎜ + 1⎟ ⎟ ⎨⎢ − 2ln 2 ⎠⎠ ⎠ ⎝ −2ln 2 ⎦ −1 ⎪ ⎪ ⎣ − 2ln 2 ⎩ ⎭ ⎝⎝ A1 Depends on the previous method mark. λ ≠ 1 (c) dy = − 2 ( 22−2 x ) ln 2 dx M1 At A... M1 A1 oe [5] equivalent. (a) Scheme Alternative: Converting to a Cartesian equation: t = 2 − 2x ⇒ y = 2 2− 2 x − 1 Marks {x = 0 y=3 ⇒} y = 22 − 1 Applies x = 0 in their Cartesian M1 equation. Substitutes limits of -1 and their xB dM1* and subtracts either way round.. so m(T) = − 8ln 2 ⇒ m(N) = y −3= 1 ( x − 0) 8ln 2 1 8ln 2 Applies x = 0 and m(N) = −1 m ( T) M1 or y = 3 + 1 x or 8ln 2 As in the original scheme. x = 1 A1 [2] −2 ( 22−2 x ) ln 2 or equivalent A1 ± λ 22− 2 x . . M1 (Must be seen in part (b)).. Ie. A1 2ln 2 = 15 −2 2ln 2 [6] 15 (d) Alternative method: In Cartesian and applying u = 2 – 2x . For 22−2 x − 1 with limits of x = − 1 and 1 B1 x = 1 . x = 0.Questio n Number 5. A1 [2] (b) {y = 0 x =1 ⇒} 0 = 22−2 x − 1 ⇒ 0 = 2 − 2 x ⇒ x = . Applies y = 0 to obtain a value for x.

Area( R) = ∫ ( 2 − 1){dx} . 4 . where u = 2 − 2 x = ( 2 − 1) ( − ){du} ∫ u 0 u M0: Unless a candidate writes ∫ (2 2− 2 x − 1) {dx} 1 2 Then apply the “working parametrically” mark scheme.

(d) Scheme Alternative method: For substitution u = 2t Area( R ) = Marks ∫ ( 2 − 1). 15 ln16 15 − −2 or 2ln 2 2ln 2 2ln 2 = A1 [6] or equivalent. . you can award M1 for this integral ∫ ln u ⎞ ⎧ 1 ⎫⎛ u = ⎨− ⎬ ⎜ − ⎟ ⎩ 2 ⎭⎝ ln 2 ln 2 ⎠ u ln 2 u ln u − or ( 2t − 1) → ± α (ln 2) ln 2 ln u or ( 2t − 1) → ± α (ln 2)(u ) − ln 2 u ln ( 2t − 1) → ln 2 − ln u 2 Either 2t → M1* A1 1 ⎧ ln u ⎤ ⎪ 1⎡ u − ⎨− ⎢ ⎥ ⎪ ⎩ 2 ⎣ ln 2 ln 2 ⎦ 16 ⎫ 1 ⎛ ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ 16 ln16 ⎞ ⎞ ⎪ − ⎬ = − ⎜⎜ ⎟− ⎜ ⎟⎟ 2 ⎝ ⎝ ln 2 ⎠ ⎝ ln 2 ln 2 ⎠ ⎠ ⎪ ⎭ 15 ln16 15 − or −2 2ln 2 2ln 2 2ln 2 Depends on the previous method mark.Questio n Number 5.⎜⎝ − 2 ⎟⎠ dt t ⎛ 1⎞ Complete substitution for both y and dx M1 where u = 2t ⇒ du du = 2t ln 2 ⇒ = u ln 2 dt dt x = − 1 → t = 4 → u = 16 and x = 1 → t = 0 → u = 1 So area( R ) = − u −1 du u ln 2 1 1 1 du = − − 2 ln 2 u ln 2 1 2 ∫ Both correct limits in t or B1 both correct limits in u. If not awarded above. dM1* Substitutes their changed limits in u and subtracts either way round.

seen or implied. A1 π 5π and Both A1 cso 3 3 2 [3] (b) 2 V =π ∫ π (1 − 2cos x) 2 dx 2 For π (1 − 2cos x) ..80 = π 4π + 3 3 ( ) or 4π 2 + 3π 3 Two term exact answer.) ) = 17.) − ( 0. M1 { y = 0 ⇒} 1 − 2cos x = 0 5π ⇒x= . 3 3 5π 3 3 π At least one correct value of x.3060. A1 [6] 9 . Ignore π. (a) Scheme Marks 1 − 2cos x = 0 ..7625π = 55. (See notes). M1 Attempts ∫ y 2 to give any two of ± A → ± Ax . A1 10 π 2 π Applying limits ⎛⎛ π 2sin ( 3 ) ⎞ ⎛ π 2sin ( 3 ) ⎞ ⎞ π V = {π } ⎜ ⎜ 3 ( 53 − 4sin ( 53 + − ⎜ 3 ( 3 ) − 4sin ( π + ) ) ) ⎟ ⎟ ⎟ 3 the correct way ⎜ ⎟ 2 2 ddM1 ⎠ ⎝ ⎠⎠ ⎝⎝ round. 2 Correct integration..Questio n Number 6. Ignore limits and dx ∫ B1 {∫ (1 − 2cos x) dx } = ∫ (1 − 4cos x + 4cos x)dx ∫ = ( 3 − 4cos x + 2cos 2 x ) dx ∫ = ⎛ 1 + cos 2 x ⎞ 1 − 4cos x + 4 ⎜ ⎟ dx 2 ⎝ ⎠ cos 2 x = 2cos 2 x − 1 See notes. ⎛⎛ 3⎞ ⎛ 3 ⎞⎞ = π ⎜⎜ + − − − + π π 5 2 3 2 3 ⎟ ⎜ ⎟⎟ ⎜ ⎜⎜ ⎟ 2 ⎟ 2 ⎟ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠⎠ ⎝⎝ = π ( (18. ± B cos x → ± B sin x or M1 2sin 2 x = 3 x − 4sin x + ±λ cos 2 x → ± µ sin 2 x .5435..

..3060.. 5π π Some evidence of substituting their x = and their x = and subtracting the correct 3 3 Correct integration. 3 (b) B1: (M1 on epen) For π (1 − 2cos x)2 .05 or 5. (a) M1: 1 − 2cos x = 0 . st ∫ 1 + cos 2 x or 4cos 2 x → 2 + 2cos 2 x or cos 2 A = 2cos 2 A − 1 .. (Ignore π ). and 3 3 π 5π or 60 or 300 or awrt 1.) ) = 17.5435. Do not worry about the signs when integrating cos x or cos 2 x for this mark.. 2 2 3rd ddM1: Depends on both of the two previous method marks. ± B cos x → ± B sin x or ±λ cos 2 x → ± µ sin 2 x .) − ( 0. You will need to use your calculator to check for correct substitution of their limits into their integrand if a candidate does not explicitly give some evidence. 2 2 2 2sin 2 x 2sin 2 x or x − 4sin x + + 2 x oe. 1st A1: Any one of either 2 nd 1 or any one of the correct values for x in radians or in 2 π 3 or 5π A1: Both . 3x − 4sin x + way round. Note: The π in the volume formula is only required for the B1 mark and the final A1 mark. Eg. This can be implied by either cos x = degrees. Note: Applying ∫ (1 − 2cos x ) dx will usually be given no marks in this part.802.7625π = 55. Note: For correct integral and limits decimals gives: π ( (18. Note: Decimal answer of 58.80 2nd A1: Two term exact answer of either π 4π + 3 3 or 4π 2 + 3π 3 or equivalent. Ignore limits and dx .. 1 M1: Any correct form of cos 2 x = 2cos 2 x − 1 used or written down in the same variable.24 . ( ) . 2 2nd M1: Attempts ∫ y 2 to give any two of ± A → ± Ax . without correct exact answer is A0.23 or awrt 5. This can be implied by cos 2 x = Note: 1st A1: ∫ (1 − 2cos x) = ∫1 + 4cos x is ok for an attempt at ∫ y .6.

1 A1 [3] ⎛ ⎞ 2 + 4−2 ⎟ cos θ = ± ⎜ ⎜ (1) 2 + (4) 2 + (− 2) 2 . Either λ = − 3 or µ = 2 A1 See notes ddM1 A1 [5] Eg: (2) − (3) : 16 + 6λ = − 2 or (2) − 4(1) : − 23 = − 9 − 7 µ Leading to λ = − 3 or µ = 2 ⎛ 9⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 6⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ l1 : r = ⎜ 13 ⎟ − 3 ⎜ 4 ⎟ = ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎜ − 3⎟ ⎜ − 2⎟ ⎜ 3⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎛ 2⎞ ⎛ 2⎞ ⎛ 6⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ or l2 : r = ⎜ −1 ⎟ + 2 ⎜ ⎜1⎟ = ⎜1⎟ ⎜ 1⎟ ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎜ 3⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ (b) ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 2⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 2⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ d1 = ⎜ 4 ⎟ . Correct equation.. = 69.. M1 (Allow one slip).Questio n Number 7. d 2 = ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⇒ ⎜ 4 ⎟ • ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎜ − 2⎟ ⎜1⎟ ⎜ − 2⎟ ⎜1⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ Realisation that the dot product is required between ± Ad1 and M1 ± Bd 2 . OP = ⎜ 13 ⎟ + λ ⎜ 4 ⎟ = ⎜ 13 + 4λ ⎟ ⎜ − 3⎟ ⎜ − 2 ⎟ ⎜ − 3 − 2λ ⎟ ⎜ − 3⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎛ 9+λ ⎞ ⎛ 4⎞ ⎛λ +5 ⎞ uuu r ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ AP = ⎜ 13 + 4λ ⎟ − ⎜ 16 ⎟ = ⎜ 4λ − 3 ⎟ ⎜ − 3 − 2λ ⎟ ⎜ − 3 ⎟ ⎜ − 2λ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ λ + 5 1 ⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞ uuu r ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ AP • d1 = 0 ⇒ ⎜ 4λ − 3 ⎟ • ⎜ 4 ⎟ = λ + 5 + 16λ − 12 + 4λ = 0 ⎜ − 2λ ⎟ ⎜ − 2 ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ (c) M1 A1 dM1 λ= 1 3 leading to {21λ − 7 = 0 ⇒} λ = 1 3 A1 ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ 28 ⎞ ⎜93 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎛ 9⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ uuu r ⎟ 1⎜ ⎟ ⎜ 1⎟ ⎜ 43 ⎟ 13 + 4 = 14 or Position vector OP = ⎜ ⎜ ⎟ 3⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜ − 3⎟ ⎜ − 2⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎜ −3 2 ⎟ ⎜ − 11 ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 3⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠ ddM1 A1 [6] 14 . A1 awrt 69.1238974. (2) 2 + (1) 2 + (1) 2 ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ 4 cos θ = ⇒ θ = 69. (a) Scheme i: 9 + λ = 2 + 2µ j : 13 + 4λ = − 1 + µ k : −3 − 2λ = 1 + µ (1) (2) (3) Marks Any two equations. An attempt to eliminate dM1 one of the parameters.1 (1 dp) 21. 6 ⎛ 9⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 9 + λ ⎞ ⎛ 4⎞ uuu r ⎜ ⎟ uuu r ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ OA = ⎜ 16 ⎟ .

. uuu r dM1: Depends on the previous M. 1 ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎩ 2 1 ⎭ sin θ = sin θ = (6) 2 + (5) 2 + ( −7) 2 (1) 2 + (4) 2 + ( − 2) 2 .876 = awrt 69.1 .1 . The coordinates or position vector of P must be given in terms of a parameter... The correct subtraction of two components is enough to establish that subtraction is intended.. ddM1: Depends on both previous Ms. uuu rSee Additional Solutions. (a) M1: Writes down any two equations. = 69. ddM1: For either substituting their value of λ into l1 or their µ into l2 . z ) gains no marks although this can be recovered later. Again accept the reverse direction. Allow one slip in d1 = i + 4 j − 2k. (b) Note: Each of the method marks in this part are dependent upon the previous method marks. y.7. The equation must derive from an expression of the form x1 x2 + y1 y2 + z1 z2 = 0 . Alternative Method: Vector Cross Product Only apply this scheme if it is clear that a candidate is applying a vector cross product method. 24 ⎝ ⎠ −12 − 24 + 12 is M1A1. dM1: Attempts to eliminate either λ or µ to form an equation in one parameter only.c is A0.. (2) 2 + (1) 2 + (1) 2 A1: Correct applied equation. ⎧ i j k ⎫ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 2⎞ M1: Realisation that the vector cross ⎪ ⎪ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ product is required between ± Ad1 and d1 × d 2 = ⎜ 4 ⎟ × ⎜ 1 ⎟ = ⎨ 1 4 − 2 = 6i − 5 j − 7k ⎬ ⎪ ⎪ ⎜ − 2⎟ ⎜1⎟ ± Bd 2 .1238974. Differentiation can be used. 1 2 A1: Correct application of the dot product formula d1 • d 2 = ± d1 d 2 cosθ or cosθ = ± ⎜ ⎜d d ⎟ ⎟ ⎝ 1 2 ⎠ The dot product must be correctly applied and the square roots although they can be un-simplified must be correctly applied. 2 nd ⎛ 6⎞ ⎟ A1: For either ⎜ ⎜1⎟ ⎜ 3⎟ ⎝ ⎠ or 6i + j + 3k or ( 6 1 3) .1 110 ⇒ θ = 69. A1: For either λ = − 3 or µ = 2 . Allow one slip in d1 = i + 4 j − 2k. A1: awrt 69. Ignore the direction of subtraction and ignore any confusion between OP and PO or between OA uuur and AO . A1: (M1 on epen) A correct expression for AP . A1: awrt 69. θ = 1. . (4) 2 + (2) 2 + (2) 2 ⎟ 189. ⎛ d •d ⎞ Common response: cos θ = ⎜ ⎛ ⎞ − 24 ⎟= ⎜ (−3) 2 + (−12) 2 + (6) 2 . M1: Realisation that the dot product is required between ± Ad1 and ± Bd 2 . Substituting into AP is a common error which loses the mark. Allow one slip. Note: candidates only need to find one of the parameters. Note: Needs 2 correct co-ordinates if λ = 1 3 found and then P stated without method to gain ddM1. Substitutes their value of the parameter into their expression for uuu r uuu r OP . See Additional Solutions.2064. A1: Solving to find λ = 1 3 . 6 (c) uuu r uuu r M1: Attempts to find AP in terms of the parameter by subtracting the components of OP from l1 and uuu r uuu r uuu r uuu r OA .. Taking P : ( x.1 (1 dp) 21. This can be also be achieved by 180 − 110. Taking the scalar product of their expression for AP with d1 or a multiple of d1 and equating to 0 and obtaining an equation for λ .

A1: 9 i + 14 j − 3 k . 1 3 1 3 2 3 . Accept vector notation or coordinates. Must be exact.

1 3 leading to λ = 1 3 . then apply the main scheme. in itself. (c) Additional Solution 1: ⎛ x⎞ uuu r ⎜ ⎟ Taking OP = ⎜ y ⎟ . AP = ⎜ y ⎟ − ⎜ 16 ⎟ = ⎜ y − 16 ⎟ ⎜ z ⎟ ⎜ − 3⎟ ⎜ z + 3 ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎛ x − 4 ⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎟⎜ ⎟ leading to: ⎜ No marks gained at this stage.7.. can gain no marks but this may be converted to a parameter at a later ⎜z⎟ ⎝ ⎠ stage in the solution and. OP = ⎜ 13 ⎟ + λ ⎜ ⎜ 4 ⎟ = ⎜ 13 + 4λ ⎟ ⎜ − 3⎟ ⎜ − 2 ⎟ ⎜ − 3 − 2λ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ on x + 4 y − 2 z = 74 At this stage award M1A1 and dM1 (which is implied by an equation) A1: Solving to find λ = .. . ⎜ y − 16 ⎟ ⎜ 4 ⎟ = x − 4 + 4 y − 64 − 2 z − 6 = 0 ⎜ z + 3 ⎟ ⎜ − 2⎟ ⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠ ⎛ 9⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 9 + λ ⎞ uuu r ⎜ ⎟ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ Using. 1 3 which gives: 9 + λ + 4(13 + 4λ ) − 2(− 3 − 2λ ) = 74 ⇒ 21λ + 67 = 74 ⇒ λ = 1 3 Position vector ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ 28 ⎞ ⎜93 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎛ 9⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ uuu r ⎜ ⎟ 1⎜ 43 ⎟ ⎟ ⎜ 1⎟ ⎜ or OP = ⎜ 13 ⎟ + ⎜ 4 ⎟ = 14 ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜ − 3⎟ 3 ⎜ − 2 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎜ −3 2 ⎟ ⎜ − 11 ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 3⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠ ddM1 A1 Additional Solution 2: Using Differentiation ⎛ 9+ λ ⎞ ⎛ 4⎞ ⎛λ +5 ⎞ uuu r ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ AP = ⎜ 13 + 4λ ⎟ − ⎜ 16 ⎟ = ⎜ 4λ − 3 ⎟ ⎜ − 3 − 2λ ⎟ ⎜ − 3 ⎟ ⎜ − 2λ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ d ( AP 2 ) = 42λ − 14 = 0 dλ M1A1: As main scheme AP 2 = (λ + 5) 2 + (4λ − 3) 2 + (−2λ ) 2 = {21λ 2 − 14λ + 34} M1 A1: Solving to find λ = . at that stage. any relevant marks can be awarded. ⎛ x⎞ ⎛ 4 ⎞ ⎛ x−4 ⎞ uuu r ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ For example.

008t + 3 . M1 or equivalent.. ⇒ A = 13 e −0.008t = ln ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 13 ⎠ ⎫ ⎪ ⎪ ⎬ = 77.008t = 7 13 ⎛7⎞ ⇒ −0.3799. ⎧ ⎛7⎞ ln ⎜ ⎟ ⎪ ⎪ ⎝ 13 ⎠ ⎨t = − 0. then ln (θ − 3) = − 125 125 − 1 t or θ − 3 = e 125 ec ⇒ θ = Ae −0. A1: For − ln (θ − 3) = 1 t 125 or − ln ( 3 − θ ) = 1 t or −125ln (θ − 3) = t or −125ln ( 3 − θ ) = t 125 Note: + c is not needed for this mark. A1 Substitutes θ = 10 into an equation of the form θ = Ae−0. where k is a positive value. (a) Scheme (3 − θ ) ⎫ 125 1 1 ⎧ dθ dθ = dt or = dθ = ⎨ ⎬ ⇒ 3 −θ 125 125 ⎭ 3 −θ ⎩ dt 1 1 − ln (θ − 3) = t {+ c} or − ln ( 3 − θ ) = t {+ c} 125 125 1 t +c ln (θ − 3) = − 125 Marks ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ dt B1 See notes. θ = 16 ⇒} 10 = 13e−0. (a) B1: (M1 on epen) Separates variables as shown.008t = ln k . Note: + c is needed for this mark.008t + 3. Note: The jump from 3 − θ = Ae 1 t 125 to θ = Ae −0. A1: Correct completion to θ = Ae −0..008 t θ = Ae +3 * − 1 t +c − 1 t 125 c e Correct completion to θ = Ae −0. Correct algebra to −0. M1: Both ± λ ln ( 3 − θ ) or ± λ ln (θ − 3) and ± µ t where λ and µ are constants.008t + 3 is sufficient for A1. Ignore the integral signs.Question Number 8. though this mark can be implied by later working.008t + 3 is required for A1. then ln ( 3 − θ ) = − t +c Note: From − ln ( 3 − θ ) = 125 125 ⇒ 3−θ = e − 1 t +c 125 or 3 − θ = e − − 1 t 125 c e ⇒ θ = Ae −0. See notes. A1 [4] (b) {t = 0 .008t + 3 . M1 A1 θ − 3 = e 125 or e −0. M1.008(0) + 3 . 1 1 t + c . .008 ( ) ⎪ ⎪ ⎩ awrt 77 A1 [5] 9 8.008t + 3 16 = Ae −0. See M1 notes. = 77 ( nearest minute ) ⎪ ⎪ ⎭ See notes. Note: From − ln (θ − 3) = ⇒θ − 3 = e − 1 t +c 125 1 1 t +c t + c . would be final 125 1 1 A0. Note: ln (θ − 3) = − − t − t 1 t + c leading to θ − 3 = e 125 + ec or θ − 3 = e 125 + A . dθ and dt should be in the correct positions.008t + 3 is fine.

where candidate writes A = ec is also 125 acceptable. .Note: ln (θ − 3) = − 1 − t 1 t + c ⇒ θ − 3 = Ae 125 .

. M1: Uses correct algebra to rearrange their equation into the form ± 0. (b) M1: (B1 on epen) Substitutes θ = 16.008t + 3 without any working implies the first two marks. θ = 16 ⇒} into − ln (θ − 3) = A1: c = − ln13 1 t + ln13 125 1 t +c 125 − ln (θ − 3) = 1 t − ln13 125 or ln (θ − 3) = − M1: Substitutes θ = 10 into an equation of the 1 t ±µ 125 − ln (10 − 3) = 1 t − ln13 125 form ±λ ln (θ − 3) = ± ln13 − ln 7 = 1 t 125 t = 77. A1: awrt 77 or awrt 1 hour 17 minutes. or equivalent.008t = ln k . = 77 ( nearest minute ) where λ .. t = 0 . Note: You can imply this method mark. . M1: Uses correct algebra to rearrange their equation into the form ± 0. where C. {t = 0 . 1 t +c 125 Alternative Method 2 for part (b) ∫ 1 dθ = 3 −θ ∫ 1 dt 125 ⇒ − ln 3 − θ = 1 − ln 3 − 16 = (0) + c {t = 0 . where A is a positive or negative numerical value and A can be equal to 1 or -1.θ = 16. into either their equation containing an unknown constant or the printed equation.008t = ln C − ln D . µ are numerical values. A1: (M1 on epen) A = 13 . where k is a positive numerical value. Alternative Method 1 for part (b) ∫ 1 dθ = 3 −θ ∫ 1 1 t +c dt ⇒ − ln (θ − 3) = 125 125 − ln (16 − 3) = ⇒ c = − ln13 1 (0) + c 125 M1: Substitutes t = 0. µ are numerical values. into − ln ( 3 − θ ) = A1: c = − ln13 1 t + ln13 125 1 t +c 125 or ln 3 − θ = − M1: Substitutes θ = 10 into an equation of the 1 t ±µ 125 − ln ( 3 − 10 ) = form ±λ ln ( 3 − θ ) = ± ln13 − ln 7 = 1 t 125 where λ .8.θ = 16. M1: Uses correct algebra to rearrange their equation into the form −0. M1: Substitutes θ = 10 into an equation of the form θ = Ae−0. M1A1. A1: awrt 77.008t + 3. Note: θ = 13e−0. D are positive numerical values. θ = 16 ⇒} 125 ⇒ c = − ln13 − ln 3 − θ = 1 t − ln13 125 1 t − ln13 125 M1: Substitutes t = 0.3799.008t = ln C − ln D .

A1: awrt 77. M1: Uses correct algebra to solve both of their equations leading to answers of the form −0.008 t = t(1) − t(2) ⎛ 13 ⎞ ⎛7⎞ ln ⎜ ⎟ ln ⎜ ⎟ A ⎝ A⎠ = ⎝ ⎠ − − 0.008 ⎫ ⎪ ⎪ ⎬ = 77..008 and t(2) ⎛7⎞ ln ⎜ ⎟ A = ⎝ ⎠ − 0.008) ⎪ ⎪ ⎩ A1: awrt 77.3799. Correct solution only. 8.008t = ln k . A1: Two equations with an unknown A. A1: awrt 77.008t = ln ⎜ ⎟ or ⎝ A⎠ ⎛7⎞ − 0. where C. = 77 ( nearest minute ) ⎪ ⎪ ⎭ M1: Finds difference between the two times. ⎧ ⎛7⎞ ln ⎜ ⎟ ⎪ ⎪ ⎝ 13 ⎠ ⎨t = ( −0. where k is a positive numerical value..008t = ln ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ A⎠ t(1) ⎛ 13 ⎞ ln ⎜ ⎟ A = ⎝ ⎠ − 0.3799. M1: Uses correct algebra to rearrange their own equation into the form ± 0. .008 − 0. (either way round).008 t +3 M1*: Writes down a pair of equations in A and t . (b) Alternative Method 3 for part (b) ∫ 10 16 1 dθ = 3 −θ ∫ 1 dt 125 0 t t 10 ⎡ 1 ⎤ =⎡ ⎣ − ln 3 − θ ⎤ ⎦16 = ⎢125 t ⎥ ⎣ ⎦0 − ln 7 − − ln13 = 1 t 125 t = 77.008t = ln C − ln D . = 77 ( nearest minute ) where C.t = 77. Alternative Method 4 for part (b) {θ {θ = 16 ⇒} = 10 ⇒} 16 = Ae −0. D are positive numerical values... D are positive numerical values. 10 = Ae −0.. for θ = 16 and θ = 10 with either A unknown or A being a positive or negative value.008t + 3 ⎛ 13 ⎞ − 0.3799. = 77 ( nearest minute ) M1A1: ln13 M1: Substitutes limit of θ = 10 correctly..

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