# Code No: NR410404

NR

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007 OPTICAL COMMUNICATION ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Brieﬂy explain historical development of Optical ﬁber communication.. (b) What are the applications of optical ﬁber communication? 2. (a) Explain numerical aperture with reference to ray theory transmission? [8+8] [8]

(b) A silica optical ﬁber with a core diameter large enough to be considered by ray theory analysis has a core refractive index of 1.5 and a cladding refractive index of 1.47. Determine i. Critical angle at the core cladding interface ii. Acceptance angle in air for the ﬁber. [4+4]

3. (a) Explain in detail the signal attenuation or transmission loss in the optical ﬁber with necessary equations and prove that this loss is a function of wavelength using graphical analysis. [5+3] (b) The average optical power launched into a 10-km length of ﬁber is 100µw and the average output power is 25 µw. Calculate i. The signal attenuation in dB through the ﬁber. It is assumed that there are no connectors or splices. ii. Signal attenuation per km of the ﬁber iii. Overall signal attenuation for the 11km optical link using the same ﬁber with 3 splices each having an attenuation of 0.8dB iv. Numerical value of the ratio between input & output power. [4+4] 4. (a) Write notes on broadening of pulse in the ﬁber dispersion. (b) For a ﬁber material dispersion parameter is 58.8 ps/nm/km.The relative spectral widthδλ /λ of the source is 0.0012 at the wavelength of 850nm.Calculate the R.M.S. pulse broadening per km. [8+8] 5. (a) Deﬁne the quantum eﬃciency and the responsivity of a photo detector. Derive an expression for the responsivity of an intrinsic photo detector in terms of the quantum eﬃciency of the device and the wavelength of the incident radiation. [2+2+6] (b) Determine the wavelength at which the quantum eﬃciency and the responsivity are equal. [6]

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Code No: NR410404

NR
[8]

6. (a) What are the requirements of an optical receiver? Using a ﬂow chart explain the receiver design. [4+4] (b) Derive an expression for receiver sensitivity.

7. (a) Discuss about the Point to Point Fiber Optic Link and its characteristics with an example? [5+3] (b) Explain about the frequency chirping and its eﬀects. 8. (a) What are the principal requirements of a good connector design? (b) Explain about tapered sleeve connectors? [5+3]

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