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Code No.312105 III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 AEROSPACE STURCTURES - I (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) 2.a) b) 3. Explain briefly various theories of failure. Explain the concept of Steffers in combined situations. Explain the phenomenon of stress concentration in a tension member. Write note on Soderberg’s line. What are various types of welded joints? Explain. A tie bar in welded to a plate as shown in figure. Find the strength of the weld. Take size of the fillet as 6mm and working stress of the fillet weld as 1025 kg/cm2.

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A compound (composite) beam is formed by joining two bars, one of brass and the other of steel, each 40 mm wide and 10 mm deep. This beam is supported over a span of 1m with the brass bar placed over the steel bar as shown in figure.

Determine the maximum load, which can be applied at the centre of the beam, when the bars are firmly secured to each other throughout their length. Take ES = 2 x 106 kg/cm2, Eb = 0.8 x 106 kg/m2 fS = 1125 kg/cm2, fb = 750 kg/cm2 (Contd…2)

Code No.312105 5.

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Set No.1

What is moment area method? A beam AB of length L is loaded with a uniformly distributed load as shown in figure. Determine by moment area method, the central deflection of the beam

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Explain unit load method. Explain with the help of expression the difference between unit load method and Fictitious load method. The circular ring frame shown in figure consists of two parts, ACB and ADB, with frictionless pin joints at A and B. The bending stiffness is constant in each part, with value EI for ACB and xEI for ADB. Find x so that the maximum bending moment in ADB will be one half of that in ACB. Assume that the deflections are due to bending strains only.

8. a) b) c)

Attempt any two of the following: Eccentric Riveted connections Static strength design based on fracture toughness Bolted joints *** *** ***

Set No.

Code No.312105 III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 AEROSPACE STURCTURES - I (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.

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Explain Bending stress with the help of a suitable example. A rectangular beam 300 mm deep is simply supported over a span of 4m. What uniformly distributed load per metre, the beam may carry, if the bending stress is not to exceed 120 N/mm2? Take I=8 x 106 mm4. a) b) c) Explain the following: Fluctuating stresses Stress concentration factor Fatigue concentration factor A single riveted double cover butt joint, in a structure is used for connecting two plates 12mm thick. The diameter of the rivet is 24 mm. The permissible stresses are 120 N/mm2 in tension, 100 N/mm2 in single shear, 200 N/mm2 in double shear and in bearing. Calculate the necessary pitch and efficiency of the joint. A continuous beam of length L rests on four supports covering three equal spans. It carries a uniformly distributed load of w per unit length. Determine the bending moments and reactions at the supports. Also draw the B.M and S.F diagrams. Figure below shows two cantilevers, the end of one being vertically above the other and in connected to it by a spring AB.

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Initially the system is unstrained. A weight W placed at A causes a vertical deflection at A of δ1 and a vertical deflection at B of δ2. When the spring is removed, the weight W at A causes a deflection at A of δ3. Find the extension in the spring when it is replaced and the weight W is transferred to B. (Contd…2)

Code No.312105 6. 7. 8. a) b) c)

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Set No.2

State and prove Maxwell’s reciprocal theorem. State the assumptions of Euler’s column theory. Obtain the expression for critical load for column with both ends fixed. Attempt any two of the following: Endurance strength with reference to Good man’s line Composite Beams South well plot. *** *** ***

Set No.

Code No.312105 III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 AEROSPACE STURCTURES - I (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. What do you understand by combined Bending and torssional stresses. At a certain section of a shaft of a 10 cm diameter, there is a twisting moment of 75.0 tonne-cm and a bending moment of 50 tonne-cm. Determine the principal stresses, induced in the section and specify the position of the plane on which they act. 2. Write short notes on the following: (a) Fatigue stress concentration factor (c) Factor of safey and stiffness factor (b) Endurance limit

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What are the advantages and disadvantages of welded joints over rivetted joints? Discuss the strength of various types of welded joints. Using energy approach obtain the expression for strain energy U and potential energy VC for a column which is simply supported and is subjected to axial load P? Calculate the loads in the members of the singly redundant pin jointed framework shown in figure. The members AC and BD are 30 mm 2 in cross-section and all other members being 20 mm2 in cross-section. The members AD, BC and DC are each 800 mm long. E = 2,00,000 N/mm2.

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Explain and derive Maxwell’s reciprocal theorem. What is Double integration method? Use this method to find the slope and deflection at any point for a simply supported beam with a central point load. Attempt any two of the following: (a) Compatibility equations (b) Concept of stiffness in tension and torsion (c) Beams of constant strength *** *** ***

Set No.

Code No.312105 III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 AEROSPACE STURCTURES - I (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.

4

At a certain section of a shaft of 80 mm diameter, there is a bending moment of 35 KN-mm and a twisting moment of 50 KN-mm. Determine the principal stresses and the plane where they act. Explain the phenomenon of stress concentration in tension and compression member. What is stress concentration factor? A shaft of 10 cm diameter transmits 140 hp at 120 rpm. A flanged coupling having key 14 cm long and 2.5 cm wide is keyed to the shaft. Six bolts of 2 cm diameter are symmetrically arranged along a bolt circle of 28 cm diameter. Find the shear stress induced in the shaft, key and the bolts. A continuous beam ABCD is simply supported over three spans of 6m, 5m and 4m respectively. The beam carries point loads of 90 kN and 80 kN at 2m and 8m from the support A and a uniformly distributed load of 30 kN/m over the span CD. Find the moments and reactions at the supports. What is the relation between actual beam and conjugate beam? Find the deflection at free and of an actual beam with gradually varying load using conjugate beam method. A beam 2400 mm long is supported at two points A and B which are 1440 mm apart; point A is 360 mm from the left hand end of the beam and point B is 600 mm from the right hand end; the value of EI for the beam is 240 x 10 8 N-mm2. Find the slope at the supports due to a load of 2000 N applied at the mid point of AB. Use the reciprocal theorem, in conjunction with the above result, to find the deflection at mid point of AB due to loads of 300 N applied at each of the extreme ends of the beam. Explain briefly strain energy and complementary energy. Using the method of complementary energy find the tip deflection of a uniformly loaded cantilever beam of length L and flexural rigidity EI. Attempt any two of the following: (a) Riveted joints (b) Composite beams (c) Endurance strength *** *** ***

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