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International Journal of Electronics, Communication & Instrumentation Engineering Research and Development (IJECIERD) ISSN 2249-684X Vol.

2 Issue 4 Dec 2012 63-70 © TJPRC Pvt. Ltd.,


A system for monitoring traffic at the traffic intersection and reporting incidences of red light violations is presented in this paper. A working model of this proposed system has been developed and verified experimentally. The system comprises of an infrared (IR) transmitter and a receiver unit for detection of red light violation. Also for identifying the vehicle violating the law, microcontroller triggered wireless mobile communication network is used. The microcontroller is programmed automatically which sends a message containing the car license no, date and time of breaking the rule to the numbers of traffic control units stored previously to the cell phone directory. Upon detection of the offender, the corresponding action can be performed by the traffic monitoring system.

KEYWORDS: Microcontroller; Infrared (IR) Transmitter and Receiver; Wireless Communication; Traffic Control; Red
Light Violation

Real-time traffic signal control is an integral part of the urban traffic control system, and providing effective realtime traffic signal control for a large complex traffic network is an extremely challenging distributed control problem.[1]Traffic signals, using the concept of time separation, are developed to reduce vehicle crashes at intersections. Dissent of traffic laws is severely hindering the safety of the road traffic system. According to an in-depth investigation of road accidents in France, 92% of traffic accidents are preceded by at least one traffic law violation (Rhodes, 1989). But motorization is increasing even faster than road death and injury (Jacobs et al., 2000). Many countries have experienced rapid growth in their motor vehicle fleet. As said by Government of India, Minister of Road Transport and Highways Transport Research Wing, New Delhi, between 1970 and 2010, there has been an increase of 82 times in the number of registered motors. Also crash statistics have debilitated due to the ever-growing number of vehicles on the road and this situation is becoming a major concern of Federal, State and local authorities. Furthermore, many drivers do not accord with traffic signal indications (Retting et al., 1999). More than one million motor-vehicle crashes occur annually at traffic signals in the United States (USDOT, 1993) are majorly due to non-compliance of drivers to the traffic signals. In addition to that, a review of 4,526 police-reported crashes in four U.S. cities revealed that running red lights and other traffic-control devices such as stop signs is the most frequent type of collision in urban areas, and the occupant injuries occurred in 45 percent of the red light running crashes, compared with 30 percent for other crash types (Retting et al., 1995). This intimates that reductions in red light running crashes at road intersections would be especially propitious in reducing urban crash losses. Probably, the most notable developments have been systems involving the use of digital video recording (Rahman et al., 2003) with image processing, and system for electronic recognition and identification of a vehicle. Through mutual technology transfer between consumer and professional video recorders, the last 20 years has witnessed a rapid evolution from analog to digital recording.[2]

and (II) identification of the vehicle involved. cheap. current systems of traffic enforcement using photographic techniques have certain certain loopholes that generally do not facilitate effective automation and validation of the photographs required for effective use as legal evidence. It also makes the system simple to track the veh vehicle even when the number of vehicles is large and also helps the system to keep in pace with the motion of the running body. Additionally. DESCRIPTION OF THE SYSTEM The overall traffic violation processing system of the proposed design is shown in Fig. Shival Trivedi & Shivang Bakliwal Even though certain countries have used photo-enforcement photo enforcement with some degrees of success. the demand for wireless communication is increasing.64 Dhaval Shah. microcontroller controlled wireless communication system has been used. in this research. systems using digital cameras either require the availability of highhigh speed pricey communications lines to meet the demands of communicating high high-resolution resolution images. while. Fig. 1. . to accomplish a ubiquitous wireless communication network. and of course offers at least some primitive advantages over the conventional automated systems has been thought of. which aims to combine the latest wireless network and wide-band wide band technologie technologies etc. 1: Block Diagram Representation of t the he Proposed Traffic Violation Processing System The controlling of traffic violation processing system mainly comprises (I) detection of the violation. Manan Sheth. With the rapid development of the network and the communication technologies.[3] Many governments deploy ubiquitous IT project. Thus. or else images and data must be collected manually. Moreover. For the intent of explanation. reliable. the detection system is usually inefficacious to provide a trigger point that is sufficiently consistent consistent to ensure that the positioning of vehicles at the time of receiving image is identical. The IR transmitter and IR receiver cover the violation detection unit. which makes the system not only automatic but also flexible.[4] Here. for identifying the vehicles microcontroller triggered mobile communication system is deployed. a system which is simple. numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a cogent unde understanding rstanding of the present invention.

whereas. In this proposed proposed system. 2004. IDENTIFICATION OF THE VEHICLE INVOLVED The hardware unit embracing the identification of the vehicle violating the traffic rule mainly consists of a microcontroller operated automatic mobile communication system as shown in Fig. CMOS CMOS-compatible compatible thermopile detectors are widely used for IR detection. 2 shows the violation detection unit of the proposed scheme. For example. It has higher precision. pneumatic road tubes. it passes the signal to the operational amplifier. piezoelectric cables and other weigh weigh-in-motion motion sensors for detection of violation. which include inductive loop detectors (Zhang et al. infrared radiation (IR) transmitter and receiver units are intended to be used as a wireless sensor network with detection accuracy as good as that of an inductive loop for detection of traffic signal violation. The microc microcontroller ontroller is interfaced with mobile through four transistors connected to the bidirectional I/O port PC0~3 of the microcontroller. single chip high high-performance performance microcomputer used as the main control circuit for data processing. When the IR detector receives the signal from the IR transmitter.[5] Some technologies are common to systems for detecting different violations..[7] As soon as an alleged offender commits an offense at an intersection by violating the red ligh light t and crossing the line where he should stop.. This system centres on AT89S52. Loop detectors are usually installed at locations cations convenient for operating an advanced traffic management system. The IR detector will be equipped in incar at the lower part of the vehicle. 2002) . higher reliability and better cost performance.Microcontroller Controller Based Traffic Violation Control System Using Wireless Communicat Communication 65 Fig. [6] When the red light on the signal post is ON. 2: Detection of the Violation Units of the Proposed System DETECTION OF VIOLATION Fig. The transistor output is attached to the input of the microcontroller unit. Oh et al.[8][9]. it will switch on the IR transmitters which continuously emit emit IR signals.[10] The IR detector is connected through operational amplifiers (LM 324 and LM 741) to the base of the transistor Q1. The oper operational ational amplifier compares a reference voltage with . 3. micro micro-loop probes. the measured resolution resolution was within several hundred nanometers over a plusmn200 mum range and the linear distortion was significantly lower than the inductive sensor. others are particularly tailored to the detection of specific kinds of violations. precision. the detector in the car will receive the IR signal from the IR transmitter. Most conventional traffic 119 surveillance systems use intrusive e sensors.

The microcontroller sends a pulse to the Port C according to interrupt subroutine and trigger the transistors Q2 ~ Q5 to activate the mobile. A message containing the car license no. Manan Sheth. The transistor will turn on and give an interrupt signal to the microcontroller. 4: Experimental Setup of the Proposed System . The entire system is a low cost. date and time of breaking the rule is programmed and set to send automatically to the number(s) of traffic control unit stored previously in the cell phone directory. In accordance with the program loaded in the microcontroller. 3 Fig.66 Dhaval Shah. The law enforcing agency can easily identify the owner of the vehicle from the message received and can take appropriate actions against rule violation. small in size and easy to assemble onto an existing vehicle without disturbing its present arrangement. Shival Trivedi & Shivang Bakliwal the voltage change made by the IR detector receiving the IR signal and supply base current to the transistor Q1 connected at the output.[11] Fig. an interrupt that is sending message will be performed by the cell.

Specifically. therefore. The date and time of the sending message was obtained from the message property. 5. . the amount of information provided by existing systems regarding the context and/or circumstances surrounding an alleged violation is often insufficient for effective violation enforcement. a glass pane was used to bridge the pathway. systems using fixed position cameras further suffer from problems of driver and/or vehicle identification resulting from occlusion of the violating vehicle by other vehicles. 5: Message Received Containing the Car Identification Number This way the laboratory model has affirmed the proposed scheme effectively. The road was modeled with wooden frame and to house in the transmitter unit across the road. and shadows may cause photographs taken by such existing systems to be of poor quality and. and the microcontroller operated mobile unit Two IR LEDs (Light Emitting Diode) in series with a 100 Ω resistor supplied by 5V dc supply has been used as IR transmitter. In addition.. A remote control toy-car was equipped with the IR detector. Fig. 1999. When the transmitter was switched on along with the red light on the signal post and the car crossed the transmitter and the intersection violating the red light. reported and identified the defiant offender using the simple microcontroller based wireless communication network.. ineffective for identifying the operator or the license plate number of a violating vehicle. solar glare. The effectual realistic execution of the research outcome can be intended to mitigate the high number of road traffic accidents. The conventional systems of (Retting et al. reflections. 4 shows the experimental setup of the proposed system.Microcontroller Controller Based Traffic Violation Control System Using Wireless Communication 67 RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS The proposed microcontroller based traffic rules violation monitoring and reporting system has been implemented with a laboratory model and verified experimentally. An illustration of the received message is shown in Fig. improper lighting resulting from hours of darkness. in reference to the program loaded in the microcontroller a message with a sample identification number was effectively sent to a predefined cell phone no. 2003) capturing images of violating vehicles by red light cameras or video recorders suffer from significant hindrances because of poor environment at many intersections. A Photodiode adhered to the lower part of the car was used as IR detector to receive IR beam transmitted by the transmitter. Fig. Moreover. The system automatically monitored. Rahman et al.

T. Shang-Wen Luan.E. R. Y. Jan. The proposed system consists of a traffic rules violation detection unit and the alleged offender identification unit. the system can be made more economical and simple if the 121 Mobile phone unit can be replaced by a single RF transmitter IC TLP 434A and a receiver IC RLP 434.L.M. Issue 7. Singapore. 2008 7.Vol. which influence the performances of the red light camera system for identifying the operator or the license plate number of a violating vehicle. It would also be sensible that the proposed automated scheme for monitoring and reporting red light violations at the traffic intersections should be realized in practice. In this regard. Power Electronics and Drive Systems. Issue 6. Oct. IEEE/ASME Transactions. 2006 2. the proposed scheme is effective. Thus it is presumed that the proposed system would be more suitable to enforce the traffic rules by detecting a violating vehicle accurately and reducing the road traffic accidents significantly. Yuelin Wang “Modeling of Front-Etched Micromachined Thermopile IR Detector by CMOS Technology”. PEDS 2009.L. Yichang. simple. Bin Xiong . 83. R. . Jen-Hao Teng . K. Intelligent Transportation Systems. Eto. Taipei. and free from the effects of bad weather conditions. As the overall system is automatic. it is more invincible. “Neural Networks for Real-Time Traffic Signal Control”. Journal ..Weiqiang Zhang . Microelectromechanical Systems. El-Geneidy. Communications and Networks (CECNet). Leang. A. Dec. The system is more impeccable as it is free from the effects of the bad weather conditions. Aug. It can easily track the vehicle even when the number of traffic is large. Mechatronics. extended application of the proposed scheme providing the capability to similarly monitor and/or record events occurring at railroad crossings. Shival Trivedi & Shivang Bakliwal On the other hand. improper lighting. Jintao Jiang. 2010 5. D. Bertini. “Short-range wireless communication based on AVR microcontroller: Remote control system of aircraft model for example”. CONCLUSIONS A novel. “Low-Cost IR Reflective Sensors for Submicrolevel Position Measurement and Control”. pedestrian crossings and parking facilities.M. International Conference. “Digital Video Recording”. Dehui Xu. “Toward validation of freeway loop detector speed measurements using transit probe data”. recuperated and low cost system for monitoring and reporting incidences of red light violation at the traffic intersections is performed in this research. However. Pg. 2012 2nd International Conference. Upon detection of a predefined traffic law infringement at the intersection and recognition of the suspected desperado. . IEEE Transactions. Shun-Yu Chan . Intelligent Transportation Systems.68 Dhaval Shah. toll booths. Speich. Vol. Proceedings of the IEEE. 2010 .779-784. Consumer Electronics. 2009.13. Cheu. the prime constraint of the system is that there should be a trustworthy wireless mobile communication network throughout the site of operation. Proceedings. Sept. border check points. Srinivasan. 2004 6. Vol. Furthermore. Yingfeng Shan. Manan Sheth. The 7th International IEEE Conference. improper lightings etcetera. the corresponding action can be performed by the traffic monitoring system. Qun Deng . Lain-Chyr Hwang “Development of a smart power meter for AMI based on ZigBee communication”. J. 2002 3. Dec. would specifically be expedient in the future.. Umemoto. 19 Issue 6.K. . Fukinuki. May 2012 4. Min Chee Choy . 2004. REFERENCES 1..

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