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ST232

5V Powered multi-channel RS-232 drivers and receivers


Feature summary

Supply voltage range: 4.5 to 5.5V Supply current no load (typ): 5mA Transmitter output voltage swing (typ): 7.8V Controlled output slew rate Receiver input voltage range: 30V Data rate (typ): 220Kbps Operating temperature range: -40 to 85C 0 to 70C Compatible with MAX232 and MAX202
SOP Large TSSOP DIP SOP

Description
The ST232 is a 2 driver, 2 receiver device following EIA/TIA-232 and V.28 communication standard. It is particularly suitable for applications where 12V is not available. The ST232 uses a single 5V power supply and only four external capacitors (0.1mF). Typical applications are in: Portable Computers, Low Power Modems, Interfaces Translation, Battery Powered RS-232 System, Multi-Drop RS-232 Networks. .

Order codes
Part number ST232CN ST232BN ST232CD ST232BD ST232CDR ST232BDR ST232CW ST232BW ST232CWR ST232BWR ST232CTR ST232BTR October 2006 Temperature Range 0 to 70 C -40 to 85 C 0 to 70 C -40 to 85 C 0 to 70 C -40 to 85 C 0 to 70 C -40 to 85 C 0 to 70 C -40 to 85 C 0 to 70 C -40 to 85 C Package DIP-16 DIP-16 SO-16 (Tube) SO-16 (Tube) SO-16 (Tape & Reel) SO-16 (Tape & Reel) SO-16 Large (Tube) SO-16 Large (Tube) SO-16 Large (Tape & Reel) SO-16 Large (Tape & Reel) TSSOP16 (Tape & Reel) TSSOP16 (Tape & Reel) Rev. 12 Packaging 25parts per tube / 40tube per box 25parts per tube / 40tube per box 50parts per tube / 20tube per box 50parts per tube / 20tube per box 2500 parts per reel 2500 parts per reel 49 parts per tube / 25 tube per box 49 parts per tube / 25 tube per box 1000 parts per reel 1000 parts per reel 2500 parts per reel 2500 parts per reel 1/19
www.st.com
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ST232

Contents
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Pin configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Typical application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Typical performance characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Package mechanical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

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ST232

Pin configuration

1
Figure 1.

Pin configuration
Pin connections (top view)

Table 1.
PlN N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Pin description
SYMBOL C1+ V+ C1C2+ C2VT2OUT R2IN R2OUT T2IN T1IN R1OUT R1IN T1OUT GND VCC NOTE Positive terminal for the first charge pump capacitor Doubled voltage terminal Negative terminal for the first charge pump capacitor Positive terminal for the second charge pump capacitor Negative terminal for the second charge pump capacitor Inverted voltage terminal Second transmitter output voltage Second receiver input voltage Second receiver output voltage Second transmitter input voltage First transmitter input voltage First receiver output voltage First receiver input voltage First transmitter output voltage Ground Supply voltage

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Maximum ratings

ST232

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Table 2.
Symbol VCC TIN RIN TOUT ROUT TSCTOUT TSTG

Maximum ratings
Absolute maximum ratings
Parameter Supply voltage Transmitter input voltage range Receiver input voltage range Transmitter output voltage range Receiver output voltage range Short circuit duration on TOUT Storage temperature range Value -0.3 to 6 -0.3 to (VCC + 0.3) 30 (V+ + 0.3) to (V- - 0.3) -0.3 to (VCC + 0.3) infinite -65 to + 150 Unit V V V V V

Note: Note: 1

Absolute maximum ratings are those values beyond which damage to the device may occur. Functional operation under these condition is not implied. No external supply can be applied to V+ terminal and V- terminal.

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ST232

Electrical characteristics

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Table 3.

Electrical characteristics
Electrical characteristics (C1 - C4 = 0.1F, VCC = 5V 10%, TA = -40 to 85C, unless otherwise specified. Typical values are referred to TA = 25C).
Parameter VCC Power supply current Test No Load, TA = 25C Min. Typ. 5 Max. 10 Unit mA

Symbol ISUPPLY

Table 4.

Transmitter electrical characteristics (C1 - C4 = 0.1F, VCC = 5V 10%, TA = -40 to 85C, unless otherwise specified. Typical values are referred to TA = 25C).
Parameter Output voltage swing Input leakage current Input logic threshold low Input logic threshold high Transition slew rate Data rate Transmitter output resistance Transmitter output short circuit current TA = 25C, VCC = 5V , CL = 50 to 2500pF (1) RL = 3 to 7K
(2)

Symbol VTOUT ITIL VTIL VTIH SRT DR RTOUT ISC

Test All transmitter outputs are loaded with 3K to GND

Min. 5

Typ. 7.8

Max.

Unit V

40 0.8 2 7 120 300 10 60 220 30

A V V V/s Kbits/s mA

VCC = V+ = V- = 0V VOUT = 2V One TXOUT to GND

1. Measured from 3V to -3V or from -3V to 3V 2. One transmitter output is loaded with RL = 3K to 7K, CL = 50 to 1000pF

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Electrical characteristics Table 5.

ST232

Receiver electrical characteristics (C1 - C4 = 0.1F, VCC = 5V 10%, TA = -40 to 85C, unless otherwise specified. Typical values are referred to TA = 25C).
Parameter Receiver input voltage operating range RS-232 Input resistance RS-232 Input threshold low RS-232 Input threshold high RS-232 Input hysteresis TTL/CMOS Output voltage low TA = 25C, VCC = 5 V, VRIN = 5V TA = 25C, VCC = 5 V TA = 25C, VCC = 5 V VCC = 5V IOUT = 3.2mA (to VCC) 3.5 VCC-0.4 10 CL = 150pF (1) 0.3 1 0.2 Test Min. -30 3 0.8 5 1.2 1.7 0.5 2.4 1 0.4 Typ. Max. 30 7 Unit V K V V V V V mA s

Symbol VRIN RRIN VRIL VRIH VRIHYS VROL VROH ISCR tDR

TTL/CMOS Output voltage high IOUT = -1mA (to GND) Receiver output short circuit current Receiver propagation delay

1. RS-232 in to TTL-CMOS out (from 50% to 50%)

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ST232

Typical application

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Figure 2.

Typical application
Application circuit (1) (2)

1. C1-4 capacitors can even be 1F ones 2. C1-4 can be common or biased capacitors

Table 6.
C1 0.1

Capacitance value (F)


C2 0.1 C3 0.1 C4 0.1 C5 0.1 7/19

Typical performance characteristics

ST232

5
Figure 3.

Typical performance characteristics


(Unless otherwise specified TJ = 25C). Supply current vs temperature Figure 4. Data rate vs temperature

Figure 5.

Receiver propagation delay

Figure 6.

Driver propagation delay

Figure 7.

High level output voltage swing vs temperature

Figure 8.

Low level output voltage swing vs temperature

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ST232

Typical performance characteristics

Figure 9.

High level transmitter output short circuit current vs temperature

Figure 10. Low level transmitter output short circuit current vs temperature

Figure 11. High level receiver output short circuit current vs temperature

Figure 12. Low level receiver output short circuit current vs temperature

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Package mechanical data

ST232

Package mechanical data


In order to meet environmental requirements, ST offers these devices in ECOPACK packages. These packages have a Lead-free second level interconnect. The category of second Level Interconnect is marked on the package and on the inner box label, in compliance with JEDEC Standard JESD97. The maximum ratings related to soldering conditions are also marked on the inner box label. ECOPACK is an ST trademark. ECOPACK specifications are available at: www.st.com.

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ST232

Package mechanical data

Plastic DIP-16 (0.25) MECHANICAL DATA


mm. DIM. MIN. a1 B b b1 D E e e3 F I L Z 3.3 1.27 8.5 2.54 17.78 7.1 5.1 0.130 0.050 0.51 0.77 0.5 0.25 20 0.335 0.100 0.700 0.280 0.201 1.65 TYP MAX. MIN. 0.020 0.030 0.020 0.010 0.787 0.065 TYP. MAX. inch

P001C

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Package mechanical data

ST232

SO-16 MECHANICAL DATA


DIM. A a1 a2 b b1 C c1 D E e e3 F G L M S 3.8 4.6 0.5 9.8 5.8 1.27 8.89 4.0 5.3 1.27 0.62 8 (max.) 0.149 0.181 0.019 10 6.2 0.35 0.19 0.5 45 (typ.) 0.385 0.228 0.050 0.350 0.157 0.208 0.050 0.024 0.393 0.244 0.1 mm. MIN. TYP MAX. 1.75 0.25 1.64 0.46 0.25 0.013 0.007 0.019 0.004 MIN. inch TYP. MAX. 0.068 0.010 0.063 0.018 0.010

0016020D

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ST232

Package mechanical data

SO-16L MECHANICAL DATA


DIM. A a1 a2 b b1 C c1 D E e e3 F G L M S 8 0.5 1.27 0.75 (max.) 0.020 0.050 0.029 7.4 10.1 10.0 1.27 8.89 7.6 0.291 10.5 10.65 0.35 0.23 0.5 45 (typ.) 0.397 0.393 0.050 0.350 0.300 0.413 0.419 0.1 mm. MIN. TYP MAX. 2.65 0.2 2.45 0.49 0.32 0.014 0.009 0.020 0.004 MIN. inch TYP. MAX. 0.104 0.008 0.096 0.019 0.012

PO13I

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Package mechanical data

ST232

TSSOP16 MECHANICAL DATA


mm. DIM. MIN. A A1 A2 b c D E E1 e K L 0 0.45 0.60 0.05 0.8 0.19 0.09 4.9 6.2 4.3 5 6.4 4.4 0.65 BSC 8 0.75 0 0.018 0.024 1 TYP MAX. 1.2 0.15 1.05 0.30 0.20 5.1 6.6 4.48 0.002 0.031 0.007 0.004 0.193 0.244 0.169 0.197 0.252 0.173 0.0256 BSC 8 0.030 0.004 0.039 MIN. TYP. MAX. 0.047 0.006 0.041 0.012 0.0079 0.201 0.260 0.176 inch

A2 A1 b e K c L E

E1

PIN 1 IDENTIFICATION

1
0080338D

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ST232

Package mechanical data

Tape & Reel SO-16 MECHANICAL DATA


mm. DIM. MIN. A C D N T Ao Bo Ko Po P 6.45 10.3 2.1 3.9 7.9 12.8 20.2 60 22.4 6.65 10.5 2.3 4.1 8.1 0.254 0.406 0.082 0.153 0.311 TYP MAX. 330 13.2 0.504 0.795 2.362 0.882 0.262 0.414 0.090 0.161 0.319 MIN. TYP. MAX. 12.992 0.519 inch

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Package mechanical data

ST232

Tape & Reel SO-16L MECHANICAL DATA


mm. DIM. MIN. A C D N T Ao Bo Ko Po P 10.8 10.7 2.9 3.9 11.9 12.8 20.2 60 22.4 11.0 10.9 3.1 4.1 12.1 0.425 0.421 0.114 0.153 0.468 TYP MAX. 330 13.2 0.504 0.795 2.362 0.882 0.433 0.429 0.122 0.161 0.476 MIN. TYP. MAX. 12.992 0.519 inch

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ST232

Package mechanical data

Tape & Reel TSSOP16 MECHANICAL DATA


mm. DIM. MIN. A C D N T Ao Bo Ko Po P 6.7 5.3 1.6 3.9 7.9 12.8 20.2 60 22.4 6.9 5.5 1.8 4.1 8.1 0.264 0.209 0.063 0.153 0.311 TYP MAX. 330 13.2 0.504 0.795 2.362 0.882 0.272 0.217 0.071 0.161 0.319 MIN. TYP. MAX. 12.992 0.519 inch

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Revision history

ST232

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Table 7.
Date

Revision history
Revision history
Revision 11 12 Mistake ITIL max. on table 5. Order codes has been updated and document reformatted. Changes

02-Sep-2005 27-Oct-2006

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ST232

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