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TIA 942 (-A) Data Centers

Greg Niemiera, RCDD Director Technical Support and Field Services Mohawk

ANSI/TIA-942 Background Standards Restructuring Anticipated Changes Addendums ISO/IEC 24764 Influence I fl New Content

ANSI - American National Standards Institute
Publishes TIA and IEEE All TIA documents d t on a 5 year revision cycle

TIA - Telecommunication T l i ti Industry Association ANSI/TIA-942 (2005)

Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard for Data Centers

Revised document TIA-942-A Restructured R t t d and d harmonized h i d with current TIA-568-C Common information applying to multiple types of premise applications is in a common standard i.e. 568-C.0 Information for specific premises are in standards like p TIA-942 for Data Centers

Restructuring of TIA Standards

Restructuring of TIA Standards

568-C contains:
C Component requirements intended primarily for vendors Installed Permanent Link and Channel requirements for contractors/installers t t /i t ll Change was to improve:
Ease of use Efficiency Consistency between standards

Addendums are requirements added to a standard between revisions When the document is revised the addendums are incorporated Most standards have addendums associated with them For example Category 6A was issued as Addendum 10 to the 568 568-B B document, (568 (568B.2.10)

Open Architecture
This standard specifies a generic t l telecommunications i ti cabling bli system t f th for the data center and related facilities whose primary function is information technology. technology page ix Purpose Mohawks Freedom of Choice program with ChannelMATE warranty supports the intent of this and other related TIA standards

TIA Standard Scheme

942-A 942 A Anticipated Changes

Generic Telecommunications topology Terms Environmental classifications per 568-C.O

TIA-942 is a now premise p y for Data standard specifically Center environments

Organizational Changes
Content for Bonding and Grounding will be moved to 607 (currently draft B) Content regarding Labeling will be moved to 606-A Addendum 1 (revised 2008)
Covers specifics p for:
Computer Rooms Equipment Rooms

Organizational g Changes g
Rack and Cabinets content will move to TIA-569 as these are generic to all premises Power and Telecommunications cabling separation in TIA-569 Outside Plant to draft TIA-758 OSP Standard

Expanded Topology
Large Data Centers include
Main M i Di Distribution t ib ti Area A (MDA) Intermediate Distribution Area (IDA) Horizontal Distribution Area (HDA) Optional Zone Distribution Area (ZDA)

Contains 2nd level backbone distributor

IC Intermediated Crossconnect

Topology p gy
Large facilities may contain multiple computer rooms Each may y contain multiple p IDAs acting as central point of administration Allowance for reduced data center topology consolidates MDA and HAD into single MDA

942 Addenda
TIA 942-1 Coax Cabling g 2008 Specifies requirements for (734 and 735 DS75-ohm ( 3/DS-4 type) coaxial cabling Additional requirements: q

Coax connector components for T-3, E-1 and E-3 Longer distances from MDA Revised distance guidelines for T 1 T-3, T-1, T 3 E-1 E 1 and E-3 E3

942 Addenda
TIA 942-2 Data Centers 2009 Improved Energy Efficiency:
Wider acceptable range temperature and humidity Three tier lighting protocol

Category 6A recommended Guidance G idance regarding RFI Updated Tiers

TIA-942 A Changes
Terminology such as:
EO equipment outlet ENI external network interface

Maximum Horizontal length

Copper maximum 100m

Major Fiber Changes

Elimination of 100 m length limitation on fiber; distance to be based on application 62.5m OM1 & OM2 not recognized 50m OM3 and OM4 recognized for both horizontal and backbone Recognized connectors
LC for < two fibers MPOs > 2

Fiber Changes
Horizontal Fiber cabling distances applications dependent i.e. 568-C.0 Harmonization H i ti TIA and d ISO Liaison's between the standards bodies Harmonization is ideal but not always achievable ISO/IEC 24764 TIA-942 TIA 942 D. C. ISO/IEC 11801 TIA 568-C

ISO/IEC 24764 Influence

Specifies minimum OM3 50/125 micron 850 nm Laser Optimized p

Connectors MM and SM
LC or MPO at
EO - Equipment Outlet ENI Equipment Network Interface (Xconnect at EF or TR)

Fiber based channel length

OF-300 / 300m OF-500 / 500m OF-2000 / 2000m

Major Copper Changes

Category 3 and 5e no longer recognized for horizontal Minimum of Category g y6 Category 6A recommended

ISO/IEC 24764 Influence

Balanced twisted pair cabling Specifies Class EA Cabling
Category 6A Exception network access

942-A will recommend 6A

942-A New Section Content

Energy efficiency Section Data Centers consume large amounts of energy, with the majority being converted to heat Estimated that cooling is 30% of a data centers energy load Cooling process itself is not efficient resulting i an oversupply in l of f cold ld air i t to compensate t for f inefficiencies Recent study y showed that the amount of cold air supplied is 2.6 times the amount actually consumed by the IT load 10% Even though rooms are oversupplied (2.6) ~10% of enclosures exceed ASHRE limits

Cooling Efficiencies
Cabinets with isolated air-supply or isolated air-return Cabinets with in-cabinet cooling systems Cable openings utilizing grommets or brushes in the enclosure (system) Blanking panels in open empty rack positions Hot-aisle or cold aisle containment systems Cabinets that minimize air bypass through the space between equipment rails and cabinet sides Fill/consoladate unused cabinet rack positions

Energy Efficiency
Utilize a cooling system that allows you to t regulate l t the th volume l of f air i as needed Equipment with non non-standard standard airflow may require specially designed enclosures to avoid air flow disruption Cabling Overhead improves cooling efficiency and is a best practice where practical verses under floor
Top of rack switching architectures

Energy Efficiency
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Power strips to measure and monitor power levels to ensure enclosures dont don t exceeded power and required cooling levels
These SNMP software tools provide the ability analyze power cooling metrics such as Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE) and Data Center infrastructure Efficiency (DCiE) Metrics used to determine energy efficiency of a data center

Work is being done in TR-42.1 subcommittee These are proposed changes being considered to TIA-942-A Some of these may not make the final TIA 942-A 942 A document There may possibly be other changes included that we have not reviewed Optimistically p y 942-A p published late 2011