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Crane safety

Contents 
          

Introduction Types of crane Hazards How to minimize it Analysis of eight hazards common to most crane Cranes general safety Crane drivers conduct Operation Crane attendants Load movement Crane parking Maintenance and repairs

mining. It is not unusual in large metropolitan areas to see several crane booms outlined against the skyline within a few blocks of each other and in rural areas to see cranes performing a great variety of jobs. however. that there are inherent hazards that occur during normal working circumstances. logging. and maintenance of production and service facilities. Those supervising the use of cranes can greatly improve workplace safety by targeting the craning hazards that cause the most injury and death. Statistics show. Most crippling injuries and deaths from crane accidents can be attributed to several basic hazards.Introduction In our highly mechanized world. . cranes are the workhorses that have increased productivity and economic growth in construction. A crane can be a very dangerous piece of equipment. maritime operations.

Types of crane        Mobile Cranes Telescopic Crane Tower Crane Truck Mounted Crane Rough Terrain Crane Loader Crane Overhead Crane .

Mobile Cranes .

Telescopic Crane .

Tower Crane .

Truck Mounted Crane .

Rough Terrain Crane .

Loader Crane .

Overhead Crane .

Hazards    Dormant: A dormant hazard is an undetected hazard created either by design or crane use Armed: An armed hazard is a dormant hazard that has become armed and ready to cause harm during certain work circumstances. Active: An active hazard is an armed hazard triggered into action by the right combination of factors. At this point it is too late to take any preventive action to escape injury or avoid death .

Guard the hazard. 2. 4. Give warning. Eliminate the hazard.How to minimize it 1. . Special procedures and training 5. Personal protective equipment. 3.

Analysis of eight hazards common to most crane  Power Line Contact .

       Overloading Failure to Use Outriggers. Soft Ground and Structural Failure Two-Blocking Pinch points Obstruction of Vision Travel Upset in Mobile Hydraulic Cranes (Rough-Terrain and Wheel-Mounted Telescoping Boom) Boom disassembly on Latticework Boom Cranes .

Hand Signals .

Safety with crane        Cranes general safety Crane drivers conduct Operation Crane attendants Load movement Crane parking Maintenance and repairs .

Some accidents .

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com/osha/etta/indguide/ig20.pdf .com/start.Sources of Information 1)Safety in materials handling (national safety council) 2)A Guide to Cranes and Derricks 3)craneaccidents.htm 4)www.nclabor.