LINUX REFRESH DNS Restart the nscd daemon, which manages the DNS cache, by typing the following

in the terminal: /etc/rc.d/init.d/nscd restart. WINDOWS XP Click the Start menu button on the Windows taskbar. Click Run... on this menu. If the computer is holding a current IP address, type 'cmd' (without the quo tes) in the text box that appears. A command prompt window appears on the screen . Type 'ipconfig' (without the quotes) to view the status of the computer's IP address(es). If the computer is holding a current IP address, type 'ipconfig /release' to let go of the address. Type 'ipconfig /renew' to obtain a new IP address (whether or not the comput er is holding a current address). Tips: If it is not necessary to view the current IP addresses on a computer, simpl y type 'ipconfig /release' or 'ipconfig /renew' (without the quotes) in the text box that appears in Step 3. To bring a computer back onto the network after moving it to a different loc ation, or experiencing an unexpected outage, first release, then renew the IP ad dress. Computers on DHCP networks often (but not always) re-establish network co nnectivity automatically. Windows 7 Click the Start button. Enter cmd in the Start menu search field. Right-click on Command Prompt and select Run as Administrator. Type the following command and press Enter: ipconfig /flushdns If the command was successful, you will see the following message: Windows IP configuration successfully flushed the DNS Resolver Cache. Windows Windows 8 While on the desktop, press Windows Key + X. Select Command Prompt (Run as Administrator). Type ipconfig /flushdns and press Enter. Windows Vista/ Windows 7 Windows Vista requires that you run the command prompt in Administrator Mode to perform these functions. To start the command prompt in administrator mode: Click Start.

Right click the Command Prompt shortcut and select Run as Administrator from the drop down menu. Select Accessories and locate the Command Prompt shortcut. Wait a few seconds for a reply that the IP address has been re-established. Windows XP Click Start. A command prompt w indow should open on screen.Select Programs. Type ipconfig /renew in the command prompt. Continue with the Windows XP directions (step 2) below. Close the command prompt and attempt to make a connection. Type ipconfig /release in the command prompt. then select Run and type CMD in the Run box. Type ipconfig /flushdns in the command prompt. Wait a few seconds for a reply that the IP address has been released. .

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