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Spring 2010

The MIT Press

Information in this file is accurate at paper catalog publication time and is subject to change without notice. For the most up-to-date information available on our titles, please consult the individual book pages on our website, which may be found at; journal information may be found at Book entries in this document are linked to their corresponding website pages by their International Standard Book Numbers (ISBNs). Journal links are identified at the bottom of each entry.

architecture 22-23, 41 art 2, 8, 12-21, 37-38, 40-41, 43, 67 art history 35 bioethics 81 biography 2 cognitive science 48, 74-77 computational biology 50, 80 computer science 42, 45-46, 68, computer-human interaction 67 cultural studies 31, 44 current affairs 3, 25-26, 34, 42 economics 26-28, 33, 46-47, 60education 42, 66 environment 7, 9-11, 48, 59-60 fiction 32 game studies 5, 44 history 3, 39 history of science 36, 51, 55, 56-57 history of technology 24, 39, 50, 50-51, 55 linguistics 69-72 mathematics 65 memoir 40 music 44, 82 neuroscience 49, 76-79 new media 8, 43-44, 67 philosophy 30, 48-49, 54, 69, 72-74, 82 political science, politics 10, 26-29, 33-34, 43, 49, 59-60, 62 public policy 52-53, 60 robotics 69 race studies 42, 53 science 6, 24, 40, 58, 65, 72 science, technology, and society 54 sociology 5, 54, 57, 75 technology 3-4, 7, 42-43, 52 urban studies 1, 50, 55 vision science 80 Afterall Books 37-38 Semiotext(e) 29-33 Zone Books 34-36

Front cover, inside front cover, and back cover art: from Reinventing the Automobile by William J. Mitchell, Christopher E. Borroni-Bird, and Lawrence D. Burns.

urban studies/transportation

Personal Urban Mobility for the 21st Century William J. Mitchell, Christopher E. Borroni-Bird, and Lawrence D. Burns
This book provides a long-overdue vision for a new automobile era. The cars we drive today follow the same underlying design principles as the Model Ts of a hundred years ago and the tail-finned sedans of fifty years ago. In the twenty-first century, cars are still made for twentieth-century purposes. They’re well suited for conveying multiple passengers over long distances at high speeds, but inefficient for providing personal mobility within cities — where most of the world’s people now live. In this pathbreaking book, William Mitchell and two industry experts reimagine the automobile, describing vehicles of the near future that are green, smart, connected, and fun to drive. They roll out four big ideas that will make this both feasible and timely. First, we must transform the DNA of the automobile, basing it on electricdrive and wireless communication rather than on petroleum, the internal combustion engine, and stand-alone operation. This allows vehicles to become lighter, cleaner, and “smart” enough to avoid crashes and traffic jams. Second, automobiles will be linked by a Mobility Internet that allows them to collect and share data on traffic conditions, intelligently coordinates their movements, and keeps drivers connected to their social networks. Third, automobiles must be recharged through a convenient, cost-effective infrastructure that is integrated with smart electric grids and makes increasing use of renewable energy sources. Finally, dynamically priced markets for electricity, road space, parking space, and shared-use vehicles must be introduced to provide optimum management of urban mobility and energy systems. The fundamental reinvention of the automobile won’t be easy, but it is an urgent necessity — to make urban mobility more convenient and sustainable, to make cities more livable, and to help bring the automobile industry out of crisis.
William J. Mitchell is the Alexander W. Dreyfoos, Jr., Professor of Architecture and Media Arts and Sciences and directs the Smart Cities research group at MIT’s Media Lab. He is the author of many books, including The World’s Greatest Architect (2008) and Placing Words: Symbols, Space, and the City (2005), both published by the MIT Press. Christopher E. Borroni-Bird is Director of Advanced Vehicle Concepts at General Motors, where Lawrence D. Burns was Vice President of Research and Development before his retirement. How to leave behind our unwieldy, gas-guzzling, carbon dioxide–emitting vehicles for cars that are green, smart, connected, and fun.

March 8 x 8, 240 pp. 102 illus., color throughout $21.95T/£16.95 cloth 978-0-262-01382-6

• Base the underlying design principles on electric-drive and wireless communications rather than the internal combustion engine and stand-alone operation • Develop the Mobility Internet for sharing traffic and travel data • Integrate electric-drive vehicles with smart electric grids that use clean, renewable energy sources • Establish dynamically priced markets for electricity, road space, parking space, and shared-use vehicles

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A Biography James Westcott
The extraordinary life and death-defying work of one of the most important and pioneering performance artists in contemporary art.

March 7 x 9, 326 pp. 100 illus. $27.95T/£19.95 cloth 978-0-262-23262-3

Marina Abramovi´ , the legendary performance artist, is legendary for a reason. c She has spent four decades making traumatic and transcendent artworks using her own body as a material, breaking through the boundaries of the acceptable in visual art. In the early 1970s alone, she lost consciousness while lying in the center of a burning five-pointed star (symbol of the communism of her native Yugoslavia), took pills to induce hyperactivity and then catatonia, and remained determinedly passive as an audience member pushed a loaded gun to her neck. When Marina Abramovi c´ Dies examines the extraordinary life and deathdefying work of one of contemporary art’s most important and pioneering performance artists. It chronicles the artist’s formative and until now undocumented years in Yugoslavia and looks closely at Abramovi´ ’s partnership with c the German artist Ulay — one of the twentieth century’s great examples of the fusion of artistic and private life. In their final performance, Abramovi´ c and Ulay walked toward each other from opposite ends of the Great Wall of China until, after ninety days, they met in the middle and said goodbye. In one of many performances of the renewed solo career that followed, Abramovi´ famously lived in a New York gallery for twelve days without eating c or speaking, nourished only by eye contact with the audience. It was here, in 2002, that author James Westcott first encountered Abramovi´, beginning an c exceptionally close collaboration of biographer and subject. For When Marina Abramovi c´ Dies, Westcott draws on his personal observations of Abramovi´ , his c unprecedented access to her archive, and hundreds of hours of interviews with the artist and the people closest to her. The result is a unique and vivid portrait of the charismatic self-proclaimed “grandmother of performance art.”
James Westcott has written on art, architecture, and politics for numerous publications including the Guardian and the Village Voice, and was editor of He now writes and edits for AMO, the think tank and publishing unit of Rem Koolhaas’s Office for Metropolitan Architecture, in Rotterdam.

“This book honors the legendary career of a fierce and fearless performer, and at the same time celebrates the warm, generous human being she is and the many myths and fables that have accumulated around her (not a few the result of her own self-deprecating sense of humor).” — Robert Wilson

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history/current affairs

Vaclav Smil
America’s post–Cold War strategic dominance and its pre-recession affluence inspired pundits to make celebratory comparisons to ancient Rome at its most powerful. Now, with America no longer perceived as invulnerable, engaged in protracted fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan, and suffering the worst economic downturn since the Great Depression, comparisons are to the bloated, decadent, ineffectual later Empire. In Why America Is Not a New Rome, Vaclav Smil looks at these comparisons in detail, going deeper than the facile analogy-making of talk shows and glossy magazine articles. He finds profound differences. On the surface, the vision of America as the new Rome has resonance. There are obvious, intriguing parallels and amusing — even disconcerting — similarities. The America-Rome analogy deserves a closer look, and this is what Smil, a scientist and a lifelong student of Roman history, offers. He does this by focusing on several fundamental concerns: the very meaning of empire; the actual extent and nature of Roman and American power; the role of knowledge and innovation in the two states and the importance of machines and energy sources; and demographic and economic basics — population dynamics, illness, death, wealth, and misery. America is not a latter-day Rome, Smil finds, and we need to understand this in order to look ahead without the burden of counterproductive analogies. Superficial similarities do not imply long-term political, demographic, or economic outcomes identical to Rome’s.
Vaclav Smil is Distinguished Professor at the University of Manitoba and the author of many books, including Global Catastrophes and Trends: The Next Fifty Years (2008), Energy in Nature and Society: General Energetics of Complex Systems (2007), and Energy at the Crossroads: Global Perspectives and Uncertainties (2005) all published by the MIT Press. He was awarded the 2007 Olivia Schieffelin Nordberg Award for excellence in writing and editing in the population sciences. An investigation of the America-Rome analogy that goes deeper than the facile comparisons made on talk shows and in glossy magazine articles.

March 7 x 9, 232 pp. 57 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 cloth 978-0-262-19593-5

Also available GLOBAL CATASTROPHES AND TRENDS The Next Fifty Years Vaclav Smil 2008, 978-0-262-19586-7 $29.95T/£22.95 cloth ENERGY IN NATURE AND SOCIETY General Energetics of Complex Systems Vaclav Smil 2007, 978-0-262-69356-1 $34.00S/£25.95 paper ENERGY AT THE CROSSROADS Global Perspectives and Uncertainties Vaclav Smil 2005, 978-0-262-69324-0 $19.95T/£14.95 paper

“Repetition by pundits and literary commentators in the mass media has entrenched in people’s minds the notion that America is a new Rome. Smil’s book, tightly argued and rigorously documented, is a concise and persuasive scientific demolition of the Rome-America parallel, totally deflating the usefulness of the analogy as a tool of historical analysis. Why America Is Not a New Rome is a much-needed corrective.” — Paul Demeny, Distinguished Scholar, Population Council, New York

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U.S. history/technology

Blackouts — whether they result from network failure or human error, — offer snapshots of electricity’s increasingly central role in American society. March 5 3/8 x 8, 304 pp. 26 illus. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-01374-1

A History of Blackouts in America David E. Nye
Where were you when the lights went out? At home during a thunderstorm? Preparing for air attack in World War II? In the Northeast in 1965, when the power failed from Toronto to the East coast? In New York City during a similar but more frightening blackout in 1977? In California when rolling blackouts hit in 2000? In 2003, when a cascading power failure left fifty million people in Canada and in the northeastern United States without electricity? We often remember vividly our time in the dark. In When the Lights Went Out, David Nye views power outages in America from 1935 to the present not simply as technical failures but variously as military tactic, social disruption, crisis in the networked city, outcome of political and economic decisions, sudden encounter with sublimity, and memories enshrined in photographs. Our electrically lit-up life is so natural to us that when the lights go off, the darkness seems abnormal. Nye looks at America’s development of its electrical grid, which made largescale power failures possible; military blackouts before and during the Second World War (“The silence was the big surprise of the blackout, the darkness discounted,” wrote Harold Ross in the New Yorker in 1942); New York City’s contrasting 1965 and 1977 blackout experiences (the first characterized by cooperation, the second by looting and disorder); the growth in consumer demand that led to rolling blackouts made worse by energy traders’ market manipulations; blackouts caused by terrorist attacks and sabotage; and, finally, the “greenout” (exemplified by the new tradition of “Earth Hour”), the voluntary reduction organized by environmental organizations. Blackouts, writes Nye, are breaks in the flow of social time that reveal much about the trajectory of American history. Each time one occurs, Americans confront their essential condition — not as isolated individuals, but as a community that increasingly binds itself together with electrical wires and signals.
David E. Nye is Professor of American History at the University of Southern Denmark. The winner of the 2005 Leonardo da Vinci Medal of the Society for the History of Technology, he is the author of Image Worlds: Corporate Identities at General Electric, 1890-1930 (1985), Electrifying America: Social Meanings of a New Technology, 1880–1940 (1990), American Technological Sublime (1994), Consuming Power: A Social History of American Energies (1997), America as Second Creation: Technology and Narratives of New Beginnings (2003), and Technology Matters: Questions to Live With (2006), all published by the MIT Press.

Also available TECHNOLOGY MATTERS Questions to Live With David E. Nye 2007, 978-0-262-64067-1 $15.95T/£11.95 paper AMERICA AS SECOND CREATION Technology and Narratives of New Beginnings David E. Nye 2004, 978-0-262-64059-6 $21.00T/£15.95 paper

“Meticulously researched and engagingly written, When the Lights Went Out is part history and part cautionary tale. David Nye illumines his subject with such insight and skill that a reader won't ever be able to flip on an electrical switch without thinking of this book and its consequential message.” — Robert Schmuhl, Walter H. Annenberg-Edmund P. Joyce Chair in American Studies and Journalism, University of Notre Dame

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game studies/sociology

Social Science in a Virtual World William Sims Bainbridge
World of Warcraft is more than a game. There is no ultimate goal, no winning hand, no princess to be rescued. WoW contains more than 5,000 possible quests, games within the game, and encompasses hundreds of separate parallel realms (computer servers, each of which can handle 4,000 players simultaneously). WoW is an immersive virtual world in which characters must cope in a dangerous environment, assume identities, struggle to understand and communicate, learn to use technology, and compete for dwindling resources. Beyond the fantasy and science fiction details, as many have noticed, it’s not entirely unlike today’s world. In The Warcraft Civilization, sociologist William Sims Bainbridge goes further than this, arguing that WoW can be seen not only as an allegory of today but also as a virtual prototype of tomorrow, of a real human future in which tribe-like groups will engage in combat over declining natural resources, build temporary alliances on the basis of mutual self-interest, and seek a set of values that transcend the need for war. Bainbridge explored the complex Warcraft universe firsthand, spending more than 2,300 hours there, deploying twenty-two characters of all ten races, all ten classes, and numerous professions. Each chapter begins with one character’s narrative, then goes on to explore a major social issue — such as religion, learning, cooperation, economy, or identity — through the lens of that character’s experience. What makes WoW an especially good place to look for insights about Western civilization, Bainbridge says, is that it bridges past and future. Founded on Western cultural tradition, it is aimed toward the virtual worlds we could create in times to come.
William Sims Bainbridge is a prolific and influential sociologist who has worked in both academia and government, currently as Director of the Human-Centered Computing program at the National Science Foundation. He is the author of many books, including Nanoconvergence, Across the Secular Abyss, and God from the Machine: Artificial Intelligence Models of Religious Cognition. An exploration of the popular online role-playing game World of Warcraft as a virtual prototype of the real human future.

March 7 x 9, 256 pp. 32 illus. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-01370-3

Also available DIGITAL CULTURE, PLAY, AND IDENTITY A World of Warcraft Reader edited by Hilde G. Corneliussen and Jill Walker Rettberg 2008, 978-0-262-03370-1 $31.95T/£18.95 cloth

“ World of Warcraft will eventually be recognized as a signature artistic, technological, and sociological achievement of our time. Bainbridge provides the best analysis to date of the way WoW and similar new media forms, with their millions and millions of users, are reshaping central aspects of our culture: groups, religion, economy, education, and more.” — Edward Castronova, Professor of Telecommunications, Indiana University, author of Synthetic Worlds: The Business and Culture of Online Games



A virtuoso introduction to the field of science, the most democratic of human endeavors.

Curiosity, Understanding, and Progress Sander Bais
In this engaging, lyrical book, physicist Sander Bais shows how science can liberate us from our cultural straitjacket of prejudice and intolerance. We’re living in a time in which technology is taken for granted, yet belief in such standard scientific facts as evolution is actually decreasing. How is it possible for cell phones and Creationism to coexist? Science — fundamental, fact-based knowledge, not the latest technological gadget — can give us the global and local perspectives we need to make the world a better place. Bais argues that turning points in the history of science have been accompanied by similar milestones in social change, deeply affecting our view of nature, our perception of the human condition, and our understanding of the universe and our place in it. After a lively description of how curiosity trumps prejudice and pseudoscience in matters ranging from lightning rods to the transmission of HIV, Bais considers what drives science and scientists, a quest that culminates in that miraculous mixture of creativity and ingenuity found in the greatest scientists. He describes what he calls the “circle of science” — the microcosm and the macrocosm as mirror images — and demonstrates unity in a dazzling sequence of topics, including the hierarchy of structures, the forces of nature, cosmological evolution, and the challenge of complexity. Finally, Bais takes on the obstacles science encounters in a world dominated by short-term political and economic interests. Science, he says, needs to get its message out. Drawing on sources that range from Charles Darwin and Karl Popper to Herbert Marcuse and Richard Feynman, with In Praise of Science, Bais does just that.
Sander Bais is Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Amsterdam and External Faculty Member of the Santa Fe Institute. He is the author of The Equations: Icons of Knowledge and Very Special Relativity: An Illustrated Guide.

March 7 1/2 x 6 3/4, 192 pp. 40 color illus., 14 black & white illus. $24.95T/£18.95 cloth 978-0-262-01435-9 Copubished with Amsterdam University Press, the Netherlands Not for sale in the Netherlands

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Information Technology for Environmental Sustainability Bill Tomlinson
Environmental issues often span long periods of time, far-flung areas, and labyrinthine layers of complexity. In Greening through IT, Bill Tomlinson investigates how the tools and techniques of information technology (IT) can help us tackle environmental problems at such vast scales. Tomlinson describes theoretical, technological, and social aspects of a growing interdisciplinary approach to sustainability, “Green IT,” offering both a human-centered framework for understanding Green IT systems and specific examples and case studies of Green IT in action. Tomlinson contrasts the broad ranges of time, space, and complexity against which environmental concerns play out to the relatively narrow horizons of human understanding: it’s hard for us to grasp thousand-year projections of global climatic disruption or our stake in melting icecaps thousands of miles away. IT can bridge the gap between human scales of understanding and environmental scales. Tomlinson offers many examples of efforts toward sustainability supported by IT — from fishermen in India who eliminated waste by coordinating their activities with mobile phones to the installation of smart meters that optimize electricity use in California households — and offers three detailed studies of specific research projects that he and his colleagues have undertaken: EcoRaft, an interactive museum exhibit to help children learn principles of restoration ecology; Trackulous, a set of web-based tools with which people can chart their own environmental behavior; and GreenScanner, an online system that provides access to environmental-impact reports about consumer products. Taken together, these examples illustrate the significant environmental benefits that innovations in information technology can enable.
Bill Tomlinson is Associate Professor of Informatics at the University of California, Irvine, and a Researcher at the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology. How the tools of information technology can support environmental sustainability by tackling problems that span broad scales of time, space, and complexity.

May 7 x 9, 216 pp. 19 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 cloth 978-0-262-01393-2

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art/new media

How humans’ aesthetic perceptions have shaped other life forms, from racehorses to ornamental plants.

Toward an Art of Evolution George Gessert
Humans have bred plants and animals with an eye to aesthetics for centuries: flowers are selected for colorful blossoms or luxuriant foliage; racehorses are bred for the elegance of their frames. Hybridized plants were first exhibited as fine art in 1936, when the Museum of Modern Art in New York showed Edward Steichen’s hybrid delphiniums. Since then, bio art has become a genre; artists work with a variety of living things, including plants, animals, bacteria, slime molds, and fungi. Many commentators have addressed the social and political concerns raised by making art out of living material. In Green Light, however, George Gessert examines the role that aesthetic perception has played in bio art and other interventions in evolution. Gessert looks at a variety of life forms that humans have helped shape, focusing on plants — the most widely domesticated form of life and the one that has been crucial to his own work as an artist. We learn about Ongadori chickens, bred to have tail feathers up to more than thirty feet long; pleasure gardens of the Aztecs, cultivated for intoxicating fragrance; Darwin’s relationship to the arts; the rise and fall of eugenics; the aesthetic standards promoted by national plant societies; a daffodil that looks like a rose; and praise for weeds and wildflowers. Gessert surveys recent bio art and its accompanying philosophical problems, the “slow art” of plant breeding, and how to create new life that takes into account what we know about ecology, aesthetics, and ourselves.
George Gessert is an artist whose work focuses on the overlap between art and genetics. His exhibits often involve plants he has hybridized or documentation of breeding projects. His writings have appeared in Leonardo, Art Papers, Design Issues, Massachusetts Review, Hortus, Best American Essays 2007, Pushcart Prize XXX, and other publications.

April 7 x 9, 192 pp. 30 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 cloth 978-0-262-01414-4 A Leonardo Book



Collectif Argos introduction by Hubert Reeves preface by Jean Jouzel
Our job is to tell stories we have heard and to bear witness to what we have seen. The science was already there when we started in 2004, but we wanted to emphasize the human dimension, especially for those most vulnerable. — Guy-Pierre Chomette, Collectif Argos We have all seen photographs of neighborhoods wrecked and abandoned after a hurricane, of dry, cracked terrain that was once fertile farmland, of islands wiped out by a tsunami. But what happens to the people who live in these areas? According to the United Nations, some 150 million people will become climate refugees by 2050. The journalists and photographers of Collectif Argos have spent four years seeking out the first wave of people displaced by the consequences of climate change. Using the massive 2,500-page report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as their guide, these photographers and writers pinpointed nine locales around the world in which global warming has had a measureable impact. In Climate Refugees, they take us to these places — from the dust bowl that was once Lake Chad to the melting permafrost in Alaska — offering a first-hand look in words and photographs at the devastating effects of rising global temperatures on the daily lives of ordinary people. Climate Refugees shows us damage wrought to homes and livelihoods by rapid warming near the Arctic; rising sea levels that threaten the island nations of Tuvulu, the Maldives, and Halligen; farmers displaced by the desert’s advance in Chad and China; floods that wash away life in Bangladesh; and Hurricane Katrina evacuees in shelters far away from their New Orleans neighborhoods. Added to the devastating environmental effect of climate change is the immeasurable and irretrievable loss of ethnic and cultural diversity that occurs when vulnerable local cultures disperse. It is this often forgotten and tragic consequence of global warming that Collectif Argos painstakingly documents.
Created in 2001, Collectif Argos brings together ten journalists — photographers and writers — who share a commitment to documenting the changes taking place in the world — ecological, economic, political, and cultural, subtle or spectacular, global or local. Heartbreaking stories and pictures document the phenomenon of populations displaced by climate change—homes, neighborhoods, livelihoods, and cultures lost.

April 7 x 9 1/2, 349 pp. 171 color illus. $29.95T/£22.95 paper 978-0-262-51439-2

Guy-Pierre Chomette Guillaume Collanges Hélène David Jérômine Derigny Cédric Faimali Donatien Garnier Eléonore Henry de Frahan Aude Raux Laurent Weyl Jacques Windenberger

top left: New Orleans, Louisiana bottom left: Lonbaoshan, China Photographs by Collectif Argos. From Planet Refugees.


environment/political science

How environmentalism can reinvent itself in a postnature age: a proposal for navigating between naive naturalism and technological arrogance.

The Future of American Environmentalism Paul Wapner
Environmentalists have always worked to protect the wildness of nature but now must find a new direction. We have so tamed, colonized, and contaminated the natural world that safeguarding it from humans is no longer an option. Humanity’s imprint is everywhere; efforts to “preserve” nature require extensive human intervention. At the same time, we are repeatedly told that there is no such thing as nature itself — only our own conceptions of it. One person’s endangered species is another’s dinner or source of income. In Living Through the End of Nature, Paul Wapner probes the meaning of environmentalism in a post-nature age. Wapner argues that the end of nature represents not environmentalism’s death knell but an opportunity to build a more effective political movement. He outlines the polarized positions of environmentalists, who strive to live in harmony with nature, and their opponents, who seek mastery over nature. Wapner argues that, without nature, neither of these two outlooks — the “dream of naturalism” or the “dream of mastery” — can be sustained today. Neither is appropriate for addressing such problems as biodiversity loss and climate change; we can neither go back to a preindustrial Elysium nor forward to a technological utopia. Instead, he proposes a third way that takes seriously the breached boundary between humans and nature and charts a co-evolutionary path in which environmentalists exploit the tension between naturalism and mastery to build a more sustainable, ecologically vibrant, and socially just world. Beautifully written and thoughtfully argued, Living Through the End of Nature provides a powerful vision for environmentalism’s future.
Paul Wapner is Associate Professor and Director of the Global Environmental Politics Program in the School of International Service at American University. He is the author of Environmental Activism and World Civic Politics, winner of the 1997 Harold and Margaret Sprout Award for the best book on international environmental affairs.

March 5 3/8 x 8, 184 pp. $21.95T/£16.95 cloth 978-0-262-01415-1

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Paths to Ecological Order Thomas Princen
We are living beyond our means, running up debts both economic and ecological, consuming the planet’s resources at rates not remotely sustainable. But it’s hard to imagine a different way. How can we live without cheap goods and easy credit? How can we consume without consuming the systems that suport life? How can we live well and live within our means? In Treading Softly, Thomas Princen helps us imagine an alternative. We need, he says, a new normal, a new ecological order that is actually economical with resources, that embraces limits, that sees sustainable living not as a “lifestyle” but as a long-term relationship with the planet, a connection to fresh, free-flowing water, fertile soil, and healthy food. That economies must grow is a fundamental belief among economists, politicians, and journalists. But it is rampant material growth that has brought us to this precipice. Princen argues that it is time to build an economy that is grounded in the way natural systems work; that operates as if we have just the right amount of resources rather than endless frontiers. The goal is to live well by living well within the capacities of those resources. Society’s material foundations would be grounded in the biophysical, its practices based on satisfying work, self-reliance, and restraint rather than the purchasing of goods. Princen doesn’t offer a quick fix — there’s no list of easy ways to save the planet to hang on the refrigerator. He gives us instead a positive, realistic sense of the possible, with an abundance of examples, concepts, and tools for imagining, then realizing, how to live within our biophysical means.
Thomas Princen is Associate Professor of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy at the University of Michigan’s School of Natural Resources and Environment. He is the author of The Logic of Sufficiency (2005) and the coeditor of Confronting Consumption (2002), both published by the MIT Press and both winners of the Harold and Margaret Sprout Award for best book on international environmental affairs. How to imagine and then realize an ecological order based on living within our biophysical means.

March 5 3/8 x 8, 224 pp. $22.95T/£16.95 cloth 978-0-262-01417-5

Also available THE LOGIC OF SUFFICIENCY Thomas Princen 2005, 978-0-262-66190-4 $32.00S/£23.95 paper CONFRONTING CONSUMPTION edited by Thomas Princen, Michael Maniates, and Ken Conca 2002, 978-0-262-66128-7 $34.00S/£25.95 paper

“This is an eloquent and impassioned book. It is clearly written, lacks confounding academic artifice, and conveys a message that is simultaneously simple and profound.” — Maurice J. Cohen, New Jersey Institute of Technology

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The history of an aesthetic sensibility that began with Op Art and album covers; with many stunning color images.

Optical and Visionary Art since the 1960s edited by David S. Rubin
This eye-popping book offers a visual history of the psychedelic sensibility. In pop culture, that sensibility is associated with lava lamps, album covers, and “teashades,” but it first manifested itself in the extreme colors and kaleidoscopic compositions of 1960s Op Artists. The psychedelic sensibility didn’t die at the end of the 1960s; Psychedelic traces it through the day-glo colors of painters Peter Saul, Alex Grey, and Kenny Scharf, the pill and hemp leaf paintings of Fred Tomaselli, the intensified palettes of Douglas Bourgeois and Sharon Ellis, and mixed-media and new media works by younger artists in the new millennium. Although the term “psychedelic” was coined to describe hallucinatory experiences produced by drugs used psychotherapeutically, the story these images tell is about the influence of psychedelic culture on the art world — not necessarily the influence of drugs. As contemporary art evolved into a diverse and pluralistic discipline, the psychedelic evolved into a language of color and light. In Psychedelic, more than seventy-five vivid color images chart this development, exploring the art chronologically, from early Op Art through recent work using digital technology. The book, which accompanies an exhibition organized by the San Antonio Museum of Art, includes three essays that set the works in historical and cultural context.
David S. Rubin is The Brown Foundation Curator of Contemporary Art at the San Antonio Museum of Art.

April 7 1/2 x 12, 140 pp. 78 color illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01404-5 Copublished with the San Antonio Museum of Art

San Antonio Museum of Art San Antonio, Texas March 13–August 1, 2010 Memorial Art Gallery, University of Rochester Rochester, New York October 23, 2010–January 2, 2011 Telfair Museum of Art Savannah, Georgia March 2–May, 2011

top: Isaac Abrams, Cosmoerotica, 1968. Oil on canvas, 48 x 72. Courtesy of the artist. bottom left: Hean Moreno, Untitled, 2004. Mixed media collage, Courtesy of Shaheen Modern and Contemporary Art, Cleveland. bottom right: Victor Vasarely, Tekers-MC, 1981. 92 1/2 x 79 1/2. Collection of Michèle-Catherine Vasarely.

Isaac Abrams, Albert Alvarez, Richard Anuszkiewicz, Chio Aoshima, Kamrooz Aram, Jeremy Blake, Richie Budd, Gordon Cheung, Judy Chicago, George Cisneros, James Cobb, Steve DiBenedetto, Carole Feuerman, Jack Goldstein, Alex Grey, Peter Halley, Al Held, Mark Hogensen, Constance Lowe, Erik Parker, Ed Paschke, Lari Pittman, Ray Rapp, Deborah Remington, Bridget Riley, Susie Rosmarin, Alex Rubio, Sterling Ruby, Julian Stanczak, Jennifer Steinkamp, Frank Stella, Philip Taaffe, Barbara Takenaga, Fred Tomaselli, Victor Vasarely, Michael Velliquette, Andy Warhol, Robert Williams

David S. Rubin, Robert C. Morgan, Daniel Pinchbeck



Alexandra Schwartz
Ed Ruscha was born in Nebraska and raised in Oklahoma, but he belongs to Los Angeles in a way that few other artists do. Since the 1960s, Ruscha’s iconic images of the cityscape and culture of Los Angeles — freeway gas stations, parking lots, palm trees, motels, swimming pools, and billboards — have both reflected and shaped popular perceptions of Hollywood and the city that surrounds it. In Ed Ruscha’s Los Angeles, Alexandra Schwartz views Ruscha’s groundbreaking early work as a window onto the radically shifting cultural and political landscape in which it was produced. Schwartz examines Ruscha’s diverse body of work, including paintings, drawings, prints, photographs, books, and films, and discusses his relationship with other artists — including John Altoon, Ed Kienholz, Billy Al Bengston, and Dennis Hopper, all of them associated with the famous Ferus Gallery — with whom he sparked the movement known as West Coast pop. She also explores his links to the mainstream film industry, then evolving into the experimental New Hollywood of the late 1960s and early 1970s; his association with emerging discourse on L.A. architecture and urbanism; and his participation in the politics of the L.A. art world, where his presentation and self-marketing reflected contemporary attitudes toward gender, race, and class. Despite Ruscha’s fame, this is the first comprehensive critical consideration of his art, and the first to consider it in the context of L.A.’s tumultuous 1960s and 1970s. It shows how Ruscha, borrowing from and critiquing the methods and myths of Hollywood, forged a new paradigm of the artist as a popular culture scribe — a soothsayer for the entertainment age.
Alexandra Schwartz is the editor of a collection of Ed Ruscha’s writings, Leave Any Information at the Signal: Writings, Interviews, Bits, Pages (MIT Press, 2002) and the coeditor of Individuals: Women Artists in the Collection of The Museum of Modern Art. The first critical examination of the groundbreaking work of the artist who exemplifies West Coast cool.

April 4 1/4 x 7, 336 pp. 74 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01364-2

Also available LEAVE ANY INFORMATION AT THE SIGNAL Writings, Interviews, Bits, Pages Ed Ruscha edited by Alexandra Schwartz 2004, 978-0-262-68152-0 $27.95T/£20.95 paper

“Ed Ruscha’s brilliant work of the 1960s has finally been located in relation to Los Angeles, the city from which it grew. . . . Tracing Ruscha's relationships with figures like Dennis Hopper, Denise Scott Brown, Walter Hopps, and Wallace Berman, Schwartz recovers an interlocking set of hip, little-known subcultures. Important, engaging, and eminently readable, with a light touch befitting its elusive, deadpan subject.” — Harry Cooper, Curator of Modern and Contemporary Art, National Gallery of Art



The first book-length study of this influential artist’s work, focusing on the participatory role of the human subject rather than the art object.

The Work of Michael Asher Kirsi Peltomäki
Michael Asher doesn’t make typical installations. Instead, he extracts his art from the institutions in which it is shown, culling it from collections, histories, or museums’ own walls. Since the late 1960s, Asher has been creating situations that have not only taught us about the conditions and contexts of contemporary art, but have worked to define it. In Situation Aesthetics, Kirsi Peltomäki examines Asher’s practice by analyzing the social situations that the artist constructs in his work for viewers, participants, and institutional representatives (including gallery directors, curators, and other museum staff members). Drawing on art criticism, the reports of viewers and participants in Asher’s projects, and the artist’s own archives, Peltomäki offers a comprehensive account of Asher’s work over the past four decades. Because of the intensely site-specific nature of Asher’s work, as well as the artist’s refusal to reconstruct past works or mount retrospectives, many of the projects Peltomäki discusses are described here for the first time. Asher’s work has commonly been associated with minimalism, conceptual art, and, most frequently, institutional critique. Peltomäki takes a different perspective, focusing on the work’s social dimension. Because Asher’s installations typically address the given context — the situation — of their exhibition directly and exclusively, they cease to exist after the exhibitions end, leaving behind few material traces. By emphasizing the social and psychological sites of art rather than the production of autonomous art objects, Peltomäki argues, Asher constructs experientially complex situations that profoundly affect those who encounter them, bringing about both personal and institutional transformation.
Kirsi Peltomäki is Assistant Professor of Art History at Oregon State University.

March 7 x 9, 256 pp. 48 illus. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-01368-0



edited by Hal Foster with Alexander Bacon
Still little-known in the United States, Richard Hamilton is a key figure in twentieth-century art. An original member of the legendary Independent Group in London in the 1950s, Hamilton organized or participated in groundbreaking exhibitions associated with the group — in particular This Is Tomorrow (1956), for which his celebrated collage Just what is it that makes today’s homes so different, so appealing?, crystallizing the postwar world of consumer capitalism, was made. With his colleagues in the Independent Group, Hamilton promoted the artistic investigation of popular culture, undertaking this analysis in paintings, prints, and texts, thus setting the stage for Pop art — indeed, he is often called the intellectual father of Pop. At the same time, Hamilton was crucial to the postwar reception of Marcel Duchamp, transcribing his notes for The Large Glass and producing a reconstruction of this epochal piece for the first Duchamp retrospective in Britain, in 1966. Over the years Hamilton has continued to develop his work, in a variety of media, on subjects ranging from the Rolling Stones to the Troubles in Northern Ireland, from new commodities and technologies to the oldest genres in Western painting. True to the mission of the October Files series, this volume collects the most telling essays on Hamilton (including several hard-to-find texts by the artist), spanning the entire range of his extraordinary career.
Hal Foster is Townsend Martin ’17 Professor of Art and Archaeology at Princeton University. He is the author of Compulsive Beauty (1993), The Return of the Real: Art and Theory at the End of the Century (1996), and Prosthetic Gods (2004), all published by the MIT Press, and other books. Alexander Bacon is a PhD candidate at Princeton University. Essays and articles about Richard Hamilton, “the intellectual father of Pop art.“

March 6 x 9, 184 pp. 51 illus. $17.95T/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-51372-2 $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01381-9 October Files

Also available in this series GERHARD RICHTER edited by Benjamin H. D. Buchloh 2009, 978-0-262-51312-8 $17.95T/£13.95 paper GABRIEL OROZCO edited by Yve-Alain Bois 2009, 978-0-262-51301-2 $18.95T/£14.95 paper

Michael Craig-Martin Richard Hamilton in Conversation with Michael Craig-Martin (1990) David Mellor The Pleasures and Sorrows of Modernity (1992) Greil Marcus The Vortex of Gracious Living (2007) Hal Foster Notes on the First Pop Age (2003) Richard Hamilton Urbane Image (1962/82) Stephen Bann Exteriors/Landscapes (1990) Richard Hamilton An Inside View (1990) Mark Francis Grand New Artificer (1988) Sarat Maharaj “A Liquid Elemental Scattering”: Marcel Duchamp and Richard Hamilton (1992) Richard Hamilton Products (2003) Richard Hamilton Concept/Technology>Artwork (1989) Hal Foster Citizen Hamilton (2008)



A sustained study of Lichtenstein’s pop oeuvre, offering new readings of such canonical works as Look Mickey and Happy Tears.

Roy Lichtenstein and the Face of Painting in the 1960s Graham Bader
In Hall of Mirrors, Graham Bader traces the development of Roy Lichtenstein’s art into, through, and beyond his classic pop oeuvre of the 1960s. Bader charts the trajectory of Lichtenstein’s practice from his student days in the late 1940s to his mirror paintings of the 1970s, offering new readings of such canonical paintings as Look Mickey and Girl with Ball as well as examinations of lesser-known works across a range of media. Bader’s analysis goes beyond the standard critical view of pop as a reaction to the high-culture pieties of abstract expressionism. Instead, Bader sees Lichtenstein’s work as motivated by the forces of “unoriginal originality” — Lichtenstein’s discovery that he could make art by “borrowing” from other images — and “disembodied bodies” — his use of flattened and schematic forms to reinvigorate figurative painting. For example, Bader argues that 1961’s Look Mickey, Lichtenstein’s inaugural pop work, established a template for the tension between embodiment and disembodiment that animates much of his 1960s work: between an evacuation of sensory experience, on the one hand, and a repeated focus on emphatic bodily acts (squeezing, kissing, crying, etc.) on the other. A similar dialectical friction exists between Lichtenstein’s process and product: consistently hand-painted canvases that increasingly feign the look of industrial production. Hall of Mirrors moves chronologically, beginning with Lichtenstein’s studies at Ohio State University and late-’50s moves toward pop, through his seminal canvases of the early 1960s, to his late-’60s experiments across sculpture, painting, installation, and film. The book ends with an examination of Lichtenstein’s Mirror paintings of 1969–72. These little-discussed works, Bader argues, exemplify Lichtenstein’s late-’60s shift of focus to the embodied experience of his own viewers — and thus culminate and conclude his practice of the decade.
Graham Bader is Mellon Assistant Professor of Art History at Rice University. He is the editor of the October Files volume Roy Lichtenstein (MIT Press, 2009).

March 7 x 9, 296 pp. 84 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-02647-5 An October Book

Also available ROY LICHTENSTEIN edited by Graham Bader 2009, 978-0-262-51231-2 $17.95T/£13.95 paper October Files



Rosalind E. Krauss
The job of an art critic is to take perpetual inventory, constantly revising her ideas about the direction of contemporary art and the significance of the work she writes about. In these essays, which span three decades of assessment and reassessment, Rosalind Krauss considers what she has come to call the “postmedium condition” — the abandonment by contemporary art of the modernist emphasis on the medium as the source of artistic significance. Jean-François Lyotard argued that the postmodern condition is characterized by the end of a “master narrative,” and Krauss sees in the postmedium condition of contemporary art a similar farewell to coherence. The master narrative of contemporary art ended when conceptual art and other contemporary practices jettisoned the specific medium in order to juxtapose image and written text in the same work. For Krauss, this spells the end of serious art, and she devotes much of Perpetual Inventory to “wrest[ling] new media to the mat of specificity.” Krauss also writes about artists who are reinventing the medium, artists who persevere in the service of a nontraditional medium — “strange new apparatuses” often adopted from commercial culture — among them Ed Ruscha, Christian Marclay, William Kentridge, and James Coleman. Krauss’s essays work against the grain of the received ideas of contemporary criticism; she considers the postmedium condition a “monstrous myth.” With Perpetual Inventory, she offers an alternative view.
Rosalind E. Krauss, University Professor at Columbia University and an editor and cofounder of October magazine, is the author of The Originality of the Avant-Garde and Other Modernist Myths (1985), The Optical Unconscious (1993), The Picasso Papers (1999), and Bachelors (1999), all published by the MIT Press, and coauthor (with Yve-Alain Bois) of Formless: A User’s Guide (Zone Books, 1997). In essays that span three decades, one of contemporary art’s most esteemed critics celebrates artists who have persevered in the service of a medium.

March 7 x 9, 336 pp. 47 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01380-2 An October Book

Also available THE ORIGINALITY OF THE AVANT-GARDE AND OTHER MODERNIST MYTHS Rosalind E. Krauss 1986, 978-0-262-61046-9 $34.00T/£25.95 paper THE OPTICAL UNCONSCIOUS Rosalind E. Krauss 1994, 978-0-262-61105-3 $34.00T/£25.95 paper THE PICASSO PAPERS Rosalind E. Krauss 1999, 978-0-262-61142-8 $23.00T Not for sale in the United Kingdom or Commonwealth countries except Canada BACHELORS Rosalind E. Krauss 2000, 978-0-262-61165-7 $24.00T/£12.95 paper


art/museum studies

How prominent curator and author James Johnson Sweeney cast the modern museum as a secular temple of art.

Mysticism and the Modern Museum Marcia Brennan
Artists have often taken rational, material existence as a starting point for engagement with metaphysics and mysticism, with the paradoxes of visibility and invisibility. But no book until now has consistently traced these compelling themes in modernist curatorial practices. In Curating Consciousness, Marcia Brennan gives voice to this unacknowledged story by focusing on one of its main protagonists, James Johnson Sweeney (1900 –1986). As a colleague of Alfred H. Barr, Jr., at the Museum of Modern Art in the 1940s and director of the Guggenheim Museum in the 1950s and the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, in the 1960s, Sweeney provocatively engaged motifs of mysticism in order to cast the modern museum as a secular temple of art. Sweeney believed that artworks could engender visionary perspectives and induce alternative modes of consciousness in their viewers; his career can be seen as an exercise in curating modernist consciousness itself. Brennan describes how these motifs informed Sweeney’s curatorial and textual engagements with specific artists and projects, including Marcel Duchamp’s intricately androgynous constructions, Alberto Burri’s images of hermetic alchemy and blood miracles, Pierre Soulages’s creative transmutations of sacred stones into gestural abstract paintings, Jean Tinguely’s apocalyptic yet playful kinetic experiments, and Eduardo Chillida’s translations of theology and philosophy into sculpted fields of sparkling light.
Marcia Brennan is Associate Professor of Art History at Rice University. She is the author of Painting Gender, Constructing Theory: The Alfred Stieglitz Circle and American Formalist Aesthetics (2002) and Modernism’s Masculine Subjects: Matisse, the New York School, and Post-Painterly Abstraction (2006), both published by the MIT Press.

March 7 x 9, 304 pp. 8 color plates, 60 black & white illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01378-9

Also available PAINTING GENDER, CONSTRUCTING THEORY The Alfred Stieglitz Circle and American Formalist Aesthetics Marcia Brennan 2002, 978-0-262-52336-3 $28.00T/£20.95 paper MODERNISM’S MASCULINE SUBJECTS Matisse, the New York School, and Post-Painterly Abstraction Marcia Brennan 2006, 978-0-262-52468-1 $14.95T/£11.95 paper


art/new media/museum studies

Art after New Media Beryl Graham and Sarah Cook foreword by Steve Dietz
As curator Steve Dietz has observed, new media art is like contemporary art — but different. New media art involves interactivity, networks, and computation and is often about process rather than objects. New media artworks, difficult to classify according to the traditional art museum categories determined by medium, geography, and chronology, present the curator with novel challenges involving interpretation, exhibition, and dissemination. This book views these challenges as opportunities to rethink curatorial practice. It helps curators of new media art develop a set of flexible tools for working in this fast-moving field, and it offers useful lessons from curators and artists for those working in such other areas of art as distributive and participatory systems. Rethinking Curating explores the characteristics distinctive to new media art, including its immateriality and its questioning of time and space, and relates them to such contemporary art forms as video art, conceptual art, socially engaged art, and performance art. The authors, both of whom have extensive experience as curators, offer numerous examples of artworks and exhibitions to illustrate how the roles of curators and audiences can be redefined in light of new media art’s characteristics. They discuss modes of curating, from the familiar default mode of the museum, through parallels with publishing, broadcasting, festivals, and labs, to more recent hybrid ways of working online and off, including collaboration and social networking. Rethinking Curating offers curators a route through the hype around platforms and autonomous zones by following the lead of current artists’ practice.
Beryl Graham, an educator, artist, arts organizer, and curator, is currently Professor of New Media Art at the University of Sunderland and coeditor of the CRUMB (Curatorial Resource for Upstart Media Bliss) Web site. Sarah Cook, a research fellow and cofounder of CRUMB, has curated exhibitions of new media art internationally. Redefining curatorial practice for those working with new kinds of art.

March 7 x 9, 368 pp. 68 illus. $34.95T/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01388-8 A Leonardo Book

Also available in this series WHITE HEAT COLD LOGIC British Computer Art 1960–1980 edited by Paul Brown, Charlie Gere, Nicholas Lambert, and Catherine Mason 2008, 978-0-262-02653-6 $44.95T/£33.95 cloth TACTICAL BIOPOLITICS Art, Activism, and Technoscience edited by Beatriz da Costa and Kavita Philip 2008, 978-0-262-04249-9 $40.00S/£29.95 cloth

“An intelligent, well-informed, and creative analysis which will be immensely valuable for the better understanding of this fast-changing field.” — Sandy Nairne, Director, National Portrait Gallery, London



edited by Margaret Iversen
Why chance remains a key strategy in artists’ investigations into the contemporary world.

March 6 x 8 1/2, 240 pp. $24.95T paper 978-0-262-51392-0 Documents of Contemporary Art series Copublished with Whitechapel Gallery, London Not for sale in the United Kingdom or Europe

The chance situation or random event — whether as a strategy or as a subject of investigation — has been central to many artists’ practices across a multiplicity of forms, including expressionism, automatism, the readymade, collage, surrealist and conceptual photography, fluxus event scores, film, audio and video, performance, and participatory artworks. But why — a century after Dada and Surrealism’s first systematic enquiries — does chance remain a key strategy in artists’ investigations into the contemporary world? The writings in this anthology examine the gap between intention and outcome, showing it to be crucial to the meaning of chance in art. The book provides a new critical context for chance procedures in art since 1900 and aims to answer such questions as why artists deliberately set up such a gap in their practice; what new possibilities this suggests; and why the viewer finds the art so engaging.
Margaret Iversen is Professor of Art History and Theory at the University of Essex. Her books include Alois Riegl: Art History and Theory and Beyond Pleasure: Freud, Lacan, Barthes.

Also available in this series SITUATION edited by Claire Doherty 2009, 978-0-262-51305-0 $24.95T paper UTOPIAS edited by Richard Noble 2009, 978-0-262-64069-5 $24.95T paper BEAUTY edited by Dave Beech 2009, 978-0-262-51238-1 $24.95T paper APPROPRIATION edited by David Evans 2009, 978-0-262-55070-3 $24.95T paper COLOUR edited by David Batchelor 2008, 978-0-262-52481-0 $24.95T paper THE EVERYDAY edited by Stephen Johnstone 2008, 978-0-262-60074-3 $24.95T paper THE ARTIST’S JOKE edited by Jennifer Higgie 2007, 978-0-262-58274-2 $24.95T paper

Vito Acconci, Bas Jan Ader, Francis Alÿs, William Anastasi, John Baldessari, Walead Beshty, Mark Boyle, George Brecht, Marcel Broodthaers, John Cage, Sophie Calle, Tacita Dean, Stan Douglas, Marcel Duchamp, Brian Eno, Fischli & Weiss, Ceal Floyer, Huang Yong Ping, Douglas Huebler, Allan Kaprow, Alison Knowles, Jiri Kovanda, Jorge Macchi, Christian Marclay, Cildo Meireles, Robert Morris, Bruce Nauman, Yoko Ono, Gabriel Orozco, Cornelia Parker, Robert Rauschenberg, Gerhard Richter, Daniel Spoerri, Wolfgang Tillmans, Keith Tyson, Jennifer West, Ceryth Wyn Evans, La Monte Young

Paul Auster, Jacquelynn Baas, Georges Bataille, Daniel Birnbaum, Claire Bishop, Guy Brett, Benjamin H. D. Buchloh, Stanley Cavell, Lynne Cooke, Fei Dawei, Gilles Deleuze, Anna Dezeuze, Russell Ferguson, Branden W. Joseph, Siegfried Kracauer, Jacques Lacan, Susan Laxton, Sarat Maharaj, Midori Matsui, John Miller, Alexandra Munroe, Gabriel Pérez Barreiro, Jasia Reichardt, Julia Robinson, Eric L. Santner, Sarah Valdez, Katharina Vossenkuhl



edited by Simon Morley
In the contemporary world, where technology, spectacle, and excess seem to eclipse nature, the individual, and society, what might be the characteristics of a contemporary sublime? If there is any consensus, it is in the idea that the sublime represents a testing of limits to the point at which fixities begin to fragment. This anthology examines how contemporary artists and theorists explore ideas of the sublime, in relation to the unpresentable, transcendence, terror, nature, technology, the uncanny, and altered states. Providing a philosophical and cultural context for discourse around the sublime in recent art, the book surveys the diverse and sometimes conflicting interpretations of the term as it has evolved from the writings of Longinus, Burke, and Kant to present-day writers and artists. The sublime underlies the nobility of Classicism, the awe of Romantic nature, and the terror of the Gothic. In the last half-century, the sublime has haunted postwar abstraction, returned from the repression of theoretical formalism, and has become a key term in critical discussions of human otherness and posthuman realms of nature and technology.
Simon Morley is a British artist and art historian who has contributed to international art journals including Art Monthly, Untitled, Contemporary Visual Art, Tate Etc. and Tema Celeste. A Lecturer in Painting at Winchester School of Art, England, he is the author of Writing on the Wall: Word and Image in Modern Art. The continuing relevance and constant reinvention of the sublime — the transcendent, the awe-inspiring, the unpresentable — in art and culture since 1945.

March 6 x 8 1/2, 240 pp. $24.95T paper 978-0-262-51391-3 Documents of Contemporary Art series Copublished with Whitechapel Gallery, London Not for sale in the United Kingdom or Europe

Also available in this series THE GOTHIC edited by Gilda Williams 2007, 978-0-262-73186-7 $24.95T paper THE CINEMATIC edited by David Campany 2007, 978-0-262-53288-4 $24.95T paper DESIGN AND ART edited by Alex Coles 2007, 978-0-262-53289-1 $24.95T paper PARTICIPATION edited by Claire Bishop 2006, 978-0-262-52464-3 $24.95T paper THE ARCHIVE edited by Charles Merewether 2006, 978-0-262-63338-3 $24.95T paper

Marina Abramovi´ , Joseph Beuys, Tacita Dean, Walter De Maria, A K Dolven, Olafur Eliasson, c Andreas Gursky, Jitka Hanzlová, Gary Hill, Susan Hiller, Shirazeh Houshiary, Anish Kapoor, Mike Kelley, Anselm Kiefer, Yves Klein, Richard Long, Barnett Newman, Tony Oursler, Cornelia Parker, Gerhard Richter, Doris Salcedo, Lorna Simpson, Hiroshi Sugimoto, Fred Tomaselli, James Turrell, Luc Tuymans, Bill Viola, Zhang Huan

Marco Belpoliti, John Berger, Paul Crowther, Jacques Derrida, Okwui Enwezor, Jean Fisher, Barbara Claire Freeman, Jeremy Gilbert-Rolfe, Doreet LeVitte-Harten, Eleanor Hartney, Lynn M. Herbert, Luce Irigaray, Fredric Jameson, Lee Joon, Julia Kristeva, Jean-François Lyotard, Thomas McEvilley, Vijay Mishra, David Morgan, Jean-Luc Nancy, Jacques Rancière, Gene Ray, Robert Rosenblum, Philip Shaw, Paul Virilio, Marina Warner, Thomas Weiskel, Slavoj Žižek



Available again, a lyrical memoir by one of the major figures of postmodernist architecture; with drawings of architectural projects prepared especially for the book.

Aldo Rossi translated by Lawrence Venuti postscript by Vincent Scully
This revealing memoir by Aldo Rossi (1937–1997), one of the most visible and controversial figures ever on the international architecture scene, intermingles discussions of Rossi’s architectural projects — including the major literary and artistic influences on his work — with his personal history. Drawn from notebooks Rossi kept beginning in 1971, these ruminations and reflections range from his obsession with theater to his concept of architecture as ritual. The book originally appeared as one of the landmark titles in the MIT Press’s Oppositions Books series, but has been out of print for many years. This newly issued paperback reprint includes illustrations — photographs, evocative images, and a set of drawings of Rossi’s major architectural projects prepared particularly for this publication — selected by the author himself to augment the text.
Aldo Rossi was an Italian architect and architecture theorist and the author of The Architecture of the City (MIT Press, 1984) and other books. He was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1990.

March 8 3/4 x 10, 128 pp. 35 illus. $19.95T/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51438-5 Oppositions Books series

Also available THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE CITY Aldo Rossi 1984, 978-0-262-68043-1 $29.00T/£21.95 paper

“As nostalgia has swept the architectural community in recent years, one of the most Proustian design sensibilities to emerge has been that of Italian architect Aldo Rossi. The enfant terrible of Italy’s 1960s Tendenza group, which fulminated against the modern movement, Rossi published influential polemics and kept an equally eloquent personal record in the form of notebooks, which MIT has published as the handsome A Scientific Autobiography. . . . His own reminiscences — convents and castles, the emotional pull of holy statuary, Melville’s dramatics, an adolescent’s fear of death, a young artist’s ways with life — fill his lyrical, erudite notebooks.” — Portfolio “A document of architectural imagination rather than a merely autobiographical or abstractly theoretical text. . . . Rossi allows his thoughts to roam freely from childhood memories to philosophical observations about architecture tout court. . . . His own projects attempt, and his writings explain, the creation of a magic triangle whose sides are symbolic of life, death, and illusion.” — Kurt Forster, architectural historian



The Real The Yale Architectural Journal edited by Matthew Roman and Tal Schori
It is often suggested that architecture is more “real” than the other arts, more grounded and definitive. Yet even the most fundamental and concrete elements of architecture are often designed to conceal. This issue of Perspecta — the oldest and most distinguished student-edited architectural journal in America — embraces the paradoxical nature of the real, presenting it as a lens that magnifies the strategies and tactics of architecture, past, present, and future. How does architecture create real effects, change our built environment, and respond to crises? What are the tricks and trompe l’oeils of contemporary practice? Amid fake Europes, shape-shifting materials, and underwater asylums, Perspecta 42 navigates architecture’s disciplinary boundaries to locate the real in the most unlikely of places. The real has been central to our understanding of architecture for the last hundred years, even if the discussion has been couched in other terms. While architecture anxiously situates itself between building and discourse, it never fully capitulates to either side. Through historical inquiry, theoretical writing, and contemporary projects, Perspecta 42 asserts that now, more than ever, architecture is in search of the real. The issue revolves around three encounters with the real. First, the physical: texts, projects, and conversations that relate to issues of material properties and our bodily surroundings — thoughts on such topics as sensory environments, smart materials, and the floor as a landscape of logistics. Second, authenticity: explorations of representation and hybrid realities, including the digital and the surreal. And, finally, institutional failures and man-made or natural crises: considerations of war, the current economic calamity, and racial politics.
Matthew Roman and Tal Schori are practicing designers and graduates of the Yale School of Architecture. Amid the tricks and trompe l’oeils of contemporary practices, architecture is now, more than ever, in pursuit of the real.

April 9 x 12, 176 pp. 100 color illus., 100 black & white illus. $25.00T/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51393-7

Michelle Addington, Lucia Allais, Alejandro Aravena, Mario Ballesteros, BIG, Andrew Blauvelt, Keller Easterling, Olafur Eliasson and Kurt Forster, Hal Foster, Lorens Holm, Jiang Jun, L.E.FT., Armin Linke, Metahaven, Spyros Papapetros, Emmanuel Petit, Antoine Picon, Bill Rankin, Damon Rich, Francois Roche, Matthew Stadler, Albena Yaneva, Yoon+Howeler, Andrew Zago, Mirko Zardini


history of technology/science

The science behind global warming, and its history: how scientists learned to understand the atmosphere, to measure it, to trace its past, and to model its future.

Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming Paul N. Edwards
Global warming skeptics often fall back on the argument that the scientific case for global warming is all model predictions, nothing but simulation; they warn us that we need to wait for real data, “sound science.” In A Vast Machine, Paul Edwards has news for these doubters: without models, there are no data. Today, no collection of signals or observations — even from satellites, which can “see” the whole planet with a single instrument — becomes global in time and space without passing through a series of data models. Everything we know about the world’s climate we know through models. Edwards offers an engaging and innovative history of how scientists learned to understand the atmosphere — to measure it, trace its past, and model its future. Edwards argues that all our knowledge about climate change comes from three kinds of computer models: simulation models of weather and climate; reanalysis models, which recreate climate history from historical weather data; and data models, used to combine and adjust measurements from many different sources. Meteorology creates knowledge through an infrastructure (weather stations and other data platforms) that covers the whole world, making global data. This infrastructure generates information so vast in quantity and so diverse in quality and form that it can be understood only by computer analysis — making data global. Edwards describes the science behind the scientific consensus on climate change, arguing that over the years data and models have converged to create a stable, reliable, and trustworthy basis for the reality of global warming.
Paul N. Edwards is Associate Professor in the School of Information at the University of Michigan. He is the author of The Closed World: Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America (1996) and a coeditor (with Clark Miller) of Changing the Atmosphere: Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance (2001), both published by the MIT Press.

April 6 x 9, 528 pp. 74 illus. $32.95T/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-01392-5

Also available THE CLOSED WORLD Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America Paul N. Edwards 1997, 978-0-262-55028-4 $24.95T/£18.95 paper CHANGING THE ATMOSPHERE Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance edited by Clark Miller and Paul N. Edwards 2001, 978-0-262-63219-5 $32.00S/£23.95 paper


current affairs/health care

Why Single Payer Won't Work Roger M. Battistella
The battle over health care reform has reached a turning point. We can try to fashion new policies based on old ideas — or we can acknowledge today’s demographic and economic realities. In Health Care Turning Point, health policy expert Roger Battistella argues that the conventional wisdom that dominates health policy debates is out of date. Battistella takes on popular misconceptions about the advantages of single-payer plans, the role of the market, and other health policy issues and outlines a pragmatic new approach. Few would disagree that the current system is broken. Employer-supplied health insurance no longer works; it imposes a heavy burden on American companies when they compete against international firms and creates insecurity and instability for American workers. But, Battistella asserts provocatively, a government takeover of health insurance patterned after Medicare and Medicaid won’t work either. With a battered economy and an aging population, the country simply can’t afford it. Battistella argues that contrary to popular belief, single-payer coverage will not lower health spending but would encourage overconsumption and drive costs up. The most efficient and affordable way to reform health care, Battistella contends, is for consumers to take ownership of it. If consumers were responsible for buying their own health insurance (as they are for buying their own car and home insurance), he argues, they’d look for value and demand greater price and quality transparency from providers. Health insurance would be more like other forms of insurance and focus on major expenses, with routine care paid for out of pocket. The economic shibboleth that the principles of market competition don’t apply to health care is nonsense, Battistella says. We won’t achieve real health care reform until policy makers adjust to this reality and adopt a more pragmatic view.
Roger M. Battistella is Emeritus Professor of Health Policy and Management in the Sloan Graduate Program in Health Administration at Cornell University. An expert debunks popular misconceptions about health policy, including the merits of single-payer plans, and offers an alternative.

March 6 x 9, 160 pp. $21.95T/£16.95 cloth 978-0-262-01407-6

• Health care is a social good that should be free to all. • Single-payer coverage lowers health spending and eliminates social and economic health disparities. • Prevention generates big savings. • More health spending will stimulate the economy and have a positive effect on health status and longevity. • Canada provides a desirable blueprint for U.S. health reform. • The principles of market competition aren’t applicable to health care.


current affairs/political science


Elaine Scarry
This book is a passionate call for citizen action to uphold the rule of law when government does not. Arguing that post-9/11 legislation and foreign policy severed the executive branch from the will of the people, Elaine Scarry offers a fierce defense of the people’s role as guarantor of our democracy. She begins with the groundswell of local resistance to the 2001 Patriot Act, when hundreds of towns, cities, and counties passed resolutions refusing compliance with the information-gathering the act demanded, showing that citizens can take action against laws that undermine the rights of citizens and noncitizens alike. Scarry, once described in the New York Times Sunday Magazine as “known for her unflinching investigations of war, torture, and pain,” then turns to the conduct of the Iraqi occupation, arguing that the Bush administration led the country onto treacherous moral terrain, violating the Geneva Conventions and the armed forces’ own most fundamental standards. She warns of the damage done to democracy when military personnel must choose between their own codes of warfare and the illegal orders of their civilian superiors. If our military leaders uphold the rule of law when civilian leaders do not, might we come to prefer them? Finally, reviewing what we know now about the Bush administration’s crimes, Scarry insists that prosecution — whether local, national, or international — is essential to restoring the rule of law, and she shows how a brave town in Vermont has taken up the challenge. Throughout the book, Scarry finds hope in moments where citizens withheld their consent to grievous crimes, finding creative ways to stand by their patriotism.
Elaine Scarry is the Walter M. Cabot Professor of Aesthetics and the General Theory of Value at Harvard University. She is the author of The Body in Pain, On Beauty and Being Just, and Who Defended the Country? April 4 1/2 x 7, 240 pp. $14.95T/£11.95 cloth 978-0-262-01427-4 A Boston Review Book

Dean Baker
There is nothing wrong with economics, Dean Baker contends, but economists routinely ignore their own principles when it comes to economic policy. What would policy look like if we took basic principles of mainstream economics seriously and applied them consistently? In the debate over regulation, for example, Baker — one of the few economists who predicted the meltdown of fall 2008 — points out that ideological blinders have obscured the fact there is no “free market” to protect. Modern markets are highly regulated, although intrusive regulations such as copyright and patents are rarely viewed as regulatory devices. If we admit the extent to which the economy is and will be regulated, we have many more options in designing policy and deciding who benefits from it. On health care reform, Baker complains that economists ignore another basic idea: marginal cost pricing. Unlike all other industries, medical services are priced extraordinarily high, far above the cost of production, yet that discrepancy is rarely addressed in the debate about health care reform. What if we applied marginal cost pricing — making doctors’ wages competitive and charging less for prescription drugs and tests such as MRIs? Taking Economics Seriously offers an alternative Econ 101. It introduces economic principles and thinks through what we might gain if we free ourselves from ideological blinders and get back to basics in the most troubled parts of our economy.
Dean Baker, Codirector of the Center for Economic and Policy Research in Washington, D.C., is author of Plunder and Blunder: The Rise and Fall of the Bubble Economy and The Conservative Nanny State. He also writes a popular blog on economic reporting, Beat the Press, for The American Prospect. April 4 1/2 x 7, 136 pp. $14.95T/£11.95 cloth 978-0-262-01418-2 A Boston Review Book


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Boston Review Books are accessible, short books that take ideas seriously. They are animated by hope, committed to equality, and convinced that the imagination eludes political categories. The editors aim to establish a public space in which people can loosen the hold of conventional preconceptions and start to reason together across the lines others are so busily drawing.


economics/political science

Christian Marazzi translated by Kristina Lebedeva
An innovative analysis of financialization in the context of postfordist cognitive capitalism.

January 4 1/2 x 7, 112 pp. $12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-1-58435-083-5 Intervention series Distributed for Semiotext(e)

Also available from Semotext(e) CAPITAL AND LANGUAGE From the New Economy to the War Economy Christian Marazzi 2008, 978-1-58435-067-5 $14.95T/£11.95

This first English-language edition of Christian Marazzi’s most recent book, The Violence of Financial Capitalism makes a groundbreaking work on the global financial crisis available to a new audience of readers. Marazzi, a leading figure in the European postfordist movement, first takes a broad look at the nature of the crisis and then provides the theoretical tools necessary to comprehend capitalism today, offering an innovative analysis of financialization in the context of postfordist cognitive capitalism. He argues that the processes of financialization are not simply irregularities between the traditional categories of wages, rent, and profit, but rather a new type of accumulation adapted to the processes of social and cognitive production today. The financial crisis, he contends, is a fundamental component of contemporary accumulation and not a classic lack of economic growth. Marazzi shows that individual debt and the management of financial markets are actually techniques for governing the transformations of immaterial labor, general intellect, and social cooperation. The financial crisis has radically undermined the very concept of unilateral and multilateral economico-political hegemony, and Marazzi discusses efforts toward a new geo-monetary order that have emerged around the globe in response. Offering a radically new understanding of the current stage of international economics as well as crucial post-Marxist guidance for confronting capitalism in its newest form, The Violence of Financial Capitalism is a valuable addition to the contemporary arsenal of postfordist thought. This expanded edition includes a new appendix for comprehending the esoteric neolanguage of financial capitalism — a glossary of “Words in Crisis,” from “AAA” to “toxic asset.”
Christian Marazzi is Professor and Director of Socio-Economic Research at the Scuola Universitaria della Svizzera Italiana. He is the author of Capital and Language: From the New Economy to the War Economy (Semiotext(e), 2008).

“At last, a fresh interpretation of the global economic crisis that vehemently departs from traditional academic canons in order to assert a new kind of economic and political thought.” — Antonio Negri

Semiotext(e)’s Intervention series offers polemical texts by intellectual agitators. Short, engaged, and highly focused manifestos, essays, and critiques, these palm-sized salvos address a variety of political and cultural topics but share a passion for provocation, and allow for more immediate excursions in Semiotext(e)’s ongoing mission of intellectual activism.


political science

Tiqqun translated by Alexander R. Galloway and Jason Smith
Society no longer exists, at least in the sense of a differentiated whole. There is only a tangle of norms and mechanisms through which THEY hold together the scattered tatters of the global biopolitical fabric, through which THEY prevent its violent disintegration. Empire is the administrator of this desolation, the supreme manager of a process of listless implosion. — from Introduction to Civil War Society is not in crisis, society is at an end. The things we used to take for granted have all been vaporized. Politics was one of these things, a Greek invention that condenses around an equation: to hold a position means to take sides, and to take sides means to unleash civil war. Civil war, position, sides — these were all one word in the Greek: stasis. If the history of the modern state in all its forms — absolute, liberal, welfare — has been the continuous attempt to ward off this stasis, the great novelty of contemporary imperial power is its embrace of civil war as a technique of governance and disorder as a means of maintaining control. Where the modern state was founded on the institution of the law and its constellation of divisions, exclusions, and repressions, imperial power has replaced them with a network of norms and apparatuses that conspire in the production of the biopolitical citizens of Empire. In their first book available in English, Tiqqun explores the possibility of a new practice of communism, finding a foundation for an ontology of the common in the politics of friendship and the free play of forms-of-life. They see the ruins of society as the ideal setting for the construction of the community to come. In other words: the situation is excellent. Now is not the time to lose courage.
Tiqqun is a French collective of authors and activists formed in 1999. The group published two journal volumes in 1999 and 2001 (in which the collective author “The Invisible Committee” first appeared), as well as the books Théorie du Bloom and Théorie de la jeune fille. Activists explore the possibility that a new practice of communism may emerge from the end of society as we know it.

January 4 1/2 x 7, 160 pp. $12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-1-58435-086-6 Intervention series Distributed for Semiotext(e)

Also available from Semotext(e) THE COMING INSURRECTION The Invisible Committee 2009, 978-1-58435-080-4 $12.95T/£9.95 paper



The machine as a social movement of today’s “precariat”—those whose labor and lives are precarious.

A Concise Philosophy of the Machine as Social Movement Gerald Raunig translated by Aileen Derieg
In this “concise philosophy of the machine,” Gerald Raunig provides a historical and critical backdrop to a concept proposed forty years ago by the French philosophers Félix Guattari and Gilles Deleuze: the machine, not as a technical device and apparatus, but as a social composition and concatenation. This conception of the machine as an arrangement of technical, bodily, intellectual, and social components subverts the opposition between man and machine, organism and mechanism, individual and community. Drawing from an unusual range of films, literature, and performance — from the role of bicycles in Flann O’Brien’s fiction to Vittorio de Sica’s Neorealist film The Bicycle Thieves, and from Karl Marx’s “Fragment on Machines” to the deus ex machina of Greek drama — Raunig arrives at an enhanced conception of the machine as a social movement, finding its most apt and concrete manifestation in the Euromayday movement, which since 2001 has become a transnational activist and discursive practice focused upon the precarious nature of labor and lives.
Gerald Raunig is a philosopher and art theorist who lives in Vienna. He is the author of Art and Revolution (Semiotext(e), 2007).

March 4 1/2 x 7, 128 pp. $12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-1-58435-085-9 Intervention series Distributed for Semiotext(e)

Also available from Semotext(e) ART AND REVOLUTION Transversal Activism in the Long Twentieth Century Gerald Raunig 2007, 978-1-58435-046-0 $17.95T/£13.95 paper

“It is to Gerald Raunig’s great credit that his essay reintroduces the concept of the machine as defined by Deleuze and Guattari; he examines it against the background of Marxist tradition, which has been articulated most innovatively in post-operaism. His work shows the possible intersections and continuities, but also points to discontinuities between these two theories which have evolved at markedly different periods.” — Maurizio Lazzarato


cultural studies/queer theory

Guy Hocquenghem translated by Noura Wedell
Alone in his forest dwelling, an ogre had spent years building machines to force his visitors to make love to one another: machines with pulleys, chains, clocks, collars, leather leggings, metal breastplates, oscillatory, pendular, or rotating dildos. One day, some adolescents who had lost their way, seven or eight brothers, entered the ogre’s house… — From The Screwball Asses Our asshole is revolutionary. — Guy Hocquenghem Workers of the world, masturbate! — Front Homosexuel d’Action Revolutionnaire slogan First published anonymously in Félix Guattari’s Recherches in the notorious 1973 issue on homosexuality (seized and destroyed by the French government), The Screwball Asses remains a dramatic treatise on erotic desire. In this classic underground text, queer theorist and post-’68 provocateur Guy Hocquenghem takes on the militant delusions of the gay liberation movement. Hocquenghem, founder and leader of the Front Homosexuel d’Action Revolutionnaire, vivisects not only the stifled mores of bourgeois capitalism but the phallocratic concessions of so-called homophiles, and, ultimately, the very act of speaking desire (and non-desire). Rejecting any “pure theory” of homosexuality that claims its “otherness” as a morphology of revolution, he contends that the ruling classes have invented homosexuality as a sexual ghetto, splitting and mutilating desire in the process. It is only when non-desire and the desire of desire are enacted simultaneously through speech and body that homosexuality can finally be sublimated under the true act of “making love.” There are thousands of sexes on earth, according to Hocquenghem, but only one sexual desire. Available in English for the first time, The Screwball Asses is a revelatory disquisition, earning Hocquenghem his rightful place among the minoritarian elite of Gilles Deleuze, Jean Genet, and Tony Duvert.
Guy Hocquenghem (1946–1988), essayist and activist, is often considered the father of Queer theory. He was the author of Homosexual Desire (1972) and L’Amour en relief (1982). The Screwball Asses is his first work available from Semiotext(e). A founder of Queer theory contends that the ruling classes have invented homosexuality as a sexual ghetto, splitting and mutilating desire in the process.

January 4 1/2 x 7, 88 pp. $12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-1-58435-081-1 Intervention series Distributed for Semiotext(e)

Also available from Semiotext(e) CHAOSOPHY Texts and Interviews 1972–1977 New Edition Félix Guattari 2008, 978-1-58435-060-6 $17.95T/£13.95 paper GOOD SEX ILLUSTRATED Tony Duvert translated by Bruce Benderson 2007, 978-1-58435-043-9 $14.95T/£11.95 paper



Pierre Guyotat translated by Noura Wedell
A poetic exploration of trauma and renewal from the last avant-garde visionary of the twentieth century.

April 6 x 9, 192 pp. 1 color illus, 8 black & white illus. $17.95T/£13.95 paper 978-1-58435-089-7 Native Agents series Distributed for Semiotext(e)

Long ago, in childhood, when Summer reverberates and feels and throbs all over, it begins to circumscribe my body along with my self, and my body gives it shape in turn: the “joy” of living, of experiencing, of already foreseeing dismembers it, this entire body explodes, neurons rush toward what attracts them, zones of sensation break off almost in blocks that come to rest at the four corners of the landscape, at the four corners of Creation. — from Coma The novelist and playwright Pierre Guyotat has been called the last great avantgarde visionary of the twentieth century, and the near-cult status of his work — because of its extreme linguistic innovation and its provocative violence — has made him one of the most influential of French writers today. He has been hailed as the true literary heir to Lautréamont and Arthur Rimbaud, and his “inhuman” works have been mentioned in the same breath as those by Georges Bataille and Antonin Artaud. Winner of the 2006 prix Décembre, Coma is the deeply moving, vivid portrayal of the artistic and spiritual crisis that wracked Guyotat in the 1980s when he reached the physical limits of his search for a new language, entered a mental clinic, and fell into a coma brought on by self-imposed starvation. A poetic, cruelly lucid account, Coma links Guyotat’s illness and loss of subjectivity to a broader concern for the slow, progressive regeneration of humanity. Written in what the author himself has called a “normalized writing,” this book visits a lifetime of moments that have in common the force of amazement, brilliance, and a flash of life. Grounded in experiences from the author’s childhood and his family’s role in the French Resistance, Coma is a tale of initiation that provides an invaluable key to interpreting Guyotat’s work, past and future.
Pierre Guyotat (born in 1940) has been a source of French literary scandal since the 1967 publication of Tomb for 500,000 Soldiers. The French government banned his novel Eden Eden Eden from being publicized, advertised on posters, or sold to anyone under the age of 18, from the time of its publication in 1970 until 1981.


economics/political science

Financial Markets, Social Struggles, and New Political Scenarios edited by Andrea Fumagalli and Sandro Mezzadra translated by Jason Francis Mc Gimsey afterword by Antonio Negri
Crisis in the Global Economy is the latest and most innovative collective reflection on the state of global capitalism, developed in the mobile “multiversity” of the UniNomade network of international researchers and activists during the months immediately following the first signals of the current financial and economic crisis. It constitutes the first organic and interdisciplinary attempt to analyze a crisis that is not merely financial in nature but implicates globalization and neoliberal capitalism. Crisis in the Global Economy begins with the recognition that the current financial crisis is a systemic crisis of the entire capitalistic system as it has been developing since the 1890s. Taking as its premise that today’s financial markets are the pulsing heart of cognitive capitalism, financing the activity of accumulation, Crisis in the Global Economy shows how the flow of capital rewards production that exploits knowledge and controls spaces beyond traditional business. The ineffectiveness of the extraordinary economic measures taken by single nation-states over the past few months demonstrates that this crisis is of a completely different order. A financial crisis that affects the “real economy” shows that financialization is one of the most recent and perverse articulations of capitalism. The contributions to Crisis in the Global Economy invite us to consider exit strategies from the current crisis — strategies that may lead us toward a new horizon of constructing the common.
Andrea Fumagalli is Professor in the Departments of Political Economy and Economics at the University of Pavia. Sandro Mezzadra teaches in the Department of Political Science in the University of Bologna. Exit strategies from the current financial crisis that may lead us toward a new horizon of constructing the common.

March 6 x 9, 256 pp. $17.95T/£13.95 paper 978-1-58435-087-3 Active Agents series Distributed for Semiotext(e)

Sandro Mezzadra Introduction Christian Marazzi The Violence of Financial Capitalism Andrea Fumagalli The Global Economic Crisis and Socioeconomic Governance Carlo Vercellone The Crisis of the Law of Value and the Becoming-Rent of Profit Stefano Lucarelli Financialization as Biopower Federico Chicchi On the Threshold of Capital, at the Thresholds of the Common Tiziana Terranova New Economy, Financialization, and Social Production in the Web 2.0 Bernard Paulré Cognitive Capitalism and the Financialization of Economic Systems Karl Heinz Roth Global Crisis — Global Proletarianization — Counter-perspectives UniNomade Nothing Will Ever Be The Same Antonio Negri A Reflection on Income in the “Great Crisis” of 2007 and Beyond


current affairs/political science

The new form of “humanitarian government” that is emerging from natural disasters and military occupations, and the moral and political consequences.

The Politics of Military and Humanitarian Interventions edited by Didier Fassin and Mariella Pandolfi
From natural disaster areas to zones of political conflict around the world, a new logic of intervention combines military action and humanitarian aid, conflates moral imperatives and political arguments, and confuses the concepts of legitimacy and legality. The mandate to protect human lives — however and wherever endangered — has given rise to a new form of humanitarian government that moves from one crisis to the next, applying the same battery of technical expertise (from military logistics to epidemiological risk management to the latest social scientific tools for “good governance”) and reducing people with particular histories and hopes to mere lives to be rescued. This book explores these contemporary states of emergency. Drawing on the critical insights of anthropologists, legal scholars, political scientists, and practitioners from the field, Contemporary States of Emergency examines historical antecedents as well as the moral, juridical, ideological, and economic conditions that have made military and humanitarian interventions common today. It addresses the practical process of intervention in global situations on five continents, describing both differences and similarities, and examines the moral and political consequences of these generalized states of emergency and the new form of government associated with them.
Didier Fassin is James Wolfensohn Professor of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, and Director of Studies in Anthropology at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales. His recent publications include When Bodies Remember: Experience and Politics of AIDS in South Africa and (with Richard Rechtman) The Empire of Trauma: An Inquiry into the Condition of Victimhood. Mariella Pandolfi is Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Montreal.

May 6 x 9, 406 pp. $36.95T/£27.95 cloth 978-1-935408-00-0 Distributed for Zone Books

Also available from Zone Books NONGOVERNMENTAL POLITICS edited by Michel Feher 2007, 978-1-890951-74-0 $39.95T/£29.95 paper

“ Contemporary States of Emergency demands that we rethink the very nature of violence, benevolence, and vulnerability in the face of what Paula Vasquez Lezama felicitously calls ‘compassionate militarization.’” — Gil Anidjar, author of Semites: Race, Religion, Literature


art history/Renaissance history

Alexander Nagel and Christopher S. Wood
In this widely anticipated book, two leading contemporary art historians offer a subtle and profound reconsideration of the problem of time in the Renaissance. Alexander Nagel and Christopher Wood examine the meanings, uses, and effects of chronologies, models of temporality, and notions of originality and repetition in Renaissance images and artifacts. Anachronic Renaissance reveals a web of paths traveled by works and artists — a landscape obscured by art history’s disciplinary compulsion to anchor its data securely in time. The buildings, paintings, drawings, prints, sculptures, and medals discussed were shaped by concerns about authenticity, about reference to prestigious origins and precedents, and about the implications of transposition from one medium to another. Byzantine icons taken to be Early Christian antiquities, the acheiropoieton (or “image made without hands”), the activities of spoliation and citation, differing approaches to art restoration, legends about movable buildings, and forgeries and pastiches: all of these emerge as basic conceptual structures of Renaissance art. Although a work of art does bear witness to the moment of its fabrication, Nagel and Wood argue that it is equally important to understand its temporal instability: how it points away from that moment, backward to a remote ancestral origin, to a prior artifact or image, even to an origin outside of time, in divinity. This book is not the story about the Renaissance, nor is it just a story. It imagines the infrastructure of many possible stories.
Alexander Nagel is Professor of Renaissance Art History at the Institute of Fine Arts in New York, and the author of Michelangelo and the Reform of Art. Christopher S. Wood is Professor in the Department of History of Art, Yale University. He is the author of Albrecht Altdorfer and the Origins of Landscape, and the editor of The Vienna School Reader: Politics and Art Historical Method in the 1930s (Zone Books, 2000). Examining the complex and layered temporalities of Renaissance images and artifacts.

April 7 1/4 x 10 7/8, 456 pp. 120 illus. $39.95T/£29.95 cloth 978-1-935408-02-4 Distributed for Zone Books

Also available from Zone Books THE VIENNA SCHOOL READER Politics and Art Historical Method in the 1930s edited by Christopher S. Wood 2003, 978-1-890951-15-3 $24.95T/£18.95 paper

Marmo osiriano, twelfth and fifteenth centuries. Viterbo, Museo Civico.


history of science/women’s studies

Women’s bodies and the study of anatomy in Italy between the late thirteenth and the mid-sixteenth centuries.

Gender, Generation, and the Origins of Human Dissection Katharine Park
Toward the end of the Middle Ages, medical writers and philosophers began to devote increasing attention to what they called “women’s secrets,” by which they meant female sexuality and generation. At the same time, Italian physicians and surgeons began to open human bodies in order to study their functions and the illnesses that afflicted them, culminating in the great illustrated anatomical treatise of Andreas Vesalius in 1543. In Secrets of Women, Katharine Park traces these two closely related developments through a series of case studies of women whose bodies were dissected after their deaths: an abbess, a lactating virgin, several patrician wives and mothers, and an executed criminal. Secrets of Women explodes the myth that medieval religious prohibitions hindered the practice of human dissection in medieval and Renaissance Italy, arguing that female bodies, real and imagined, played a central role in the history of anatomy during that time. The opened corpses of holy women revealed sacred objects, while the opened corpses of wives and mothers yielded crucial information about where babies came from and about the forces that shaped their vulnerable flesh. In the process, what male writers knew as the “secrets of women” came to symbolize the most difficult challenges posed by human bodies — challenges that dissection promised to overcome. Park’s study of women’s bodies and men’s attempts to know them — and through these efforts to know their own — demonstrates the centrality of gender to the development of early modern anatomy.
Katharine Park is Zemurray Stone Radcliffe Professor of the History of Science at Harvard University. Her book Wonders and the Order of Nature, 1150–1750 (Zone Books, 1998), coauthored with Lorraine Daston, won the Pfizer Prize for the best book in the history of science.

March 6 x 9, 419 pp. 62 illus. $22.95T/£16.95 paper 978-1-890951-68-9 cloth 2006 978-1-890951-67-2 Distributed for Zone Books Winner of the History of Science Rossiter Prize, 2007, and the American Association for the History of Medicine Welch Medal, 2009

Also available from Zone Books WONDERS AND THE ORDER OF NATURE, 1150–1750 Lorraine Daston and Katharine Park 2001, 978-0-942299-91-5 $29.95T/£22.95 paper

“Park’s meticulously documented book is medical historiography at its best.... [Park] has shed light on a notion — ‘the secrets of women’ — that should have long ago been recognized as deserving far more attention than has been paid to it.” — Sherwin B. Nuland, The New Republic “Park’s book will undoubtedly prove to be an important contribution to the history of anatomy. For the first time, it extensively discusses the history of anatomy from the viewpoint of the corpse and, because of its particular focus on women’s bodies, it will radically change the way we think about the (male) history of the anatomized body.” — Nature



Étant donnés Julian Jason Haladyn
Following Marcel Duchamp’s death in 1968, the Philadelphia Museum of Art stunned the art world by unveiling a project on which he had been working secretly for twenty years, long after he had supposedly given up art for chess. Installed by the museum curators with the assistance of Duchamp’s widow Teeny and stepson Paul Matisse, Étant donnés (known in English as Given, or, literally, “being given”) consists of a small room with a locked wooden door; through a peephole can be seen a landscape of trees, with a naked female figure at the front, her arm outstretched, holding a lamp. In this illustrated study, Julian Haladyn argues that Duchamp’s intention in this final piece was similar to Raymond Roussel’s in How I Wrote Certain of My Books: not, as many have maintained, to provide a neat summation of his career, but the opposite — to open his artwork (which he had made sure was fully represented in the Philadelphia Museum of Art’s collection) to endless interpretation and reinterpretation. Duchamp’s engagement with his legacy (by orchestrating first the purchase of his work and then the donation of those purchases to the museum) is a significant historical development in the critical relationship between artists and the institution of art — a relationship that would later be further explored by such artists as Andrea Fraser and Michael Asher. Additionally, Haladyn sees that the staging of Étant donnés — especially the way that Duchamp forces viewers to become aware of the act of looking and their bodily presence in the gallery space — foreshadowed strategies used by Minimalism as well as installation, spectatorship, and institutional critique.
Julian Jason Haladyn is a writer and artist based in Canada. He teaches at the University of Western Ontario. Duchamp’s famous last artwork, seen not as a summation of his work but as an invitation to endless interpretation.

April 6 x 8 1/2, 112 pp. 12 color illus., 20 black & white illus. $16.00T/£9.95 paper 978-1-84638-059-4 $35.00S/£19.95 cloth 978-1-84638-061-7

One Work series Distributed for Afterall Books

Also available in this series MICHAEL SNOW Wavelength Elizabeth Legge 2009, 978-1-84638-056-3 $16.00T/£9.95 paper SARAH LUCAS Au Naturel Amna Malik 2009, 978-1-84638-054-9 $16.00T/£9.95 paper CHRIS MARKER La Jetée Janet Harbord 2009, 978-1-84638-048-8 $16.00T/£9.95 paper



An illustrated study of a work that marks the transition from minimalism to a new mode of practice encompassing conceptual art, land art, and performance art.

A Line Made by Walking Dieter Roelstraete
In 1967, Richard Long, then twenty-two years old and a student at Saint Martin’s School of Art in London, walked back and forth along a straight line in the grass in the English countryside, leaving a track that he then photographed in black and white. The resulting work, A Line Made by Walking, was not only the starting point for Long’s career as an artist but also a landmark for a new kind of art emerging in Europe and the Americas. The formal simplicity of Long’s artwork suggested a relation to minimalism, but its location outside the gallery context and its suggestion of bodily actions also connected it to a new generation of artists whose work combined the organic, the temporary, the nonmaterial, and the performative to offer a critique of the art system and its language, forms, and values. Long’s work bridged the concerns of his North American and European counterparts, connecting the industrial scale of Robert Smithson to the modesty of Gilberto Zorio, the exercises in dematerialization of Robert Morris with the organic forms of Alighiero e Boetti, and the performance of Yvonne Rainer with that of Joseph Beuys. Although A Line Made by Walking is an instantly recognizable work, no detailed analysis of this foundational piece has yet been published. At a time when Richard Long’s career is being celebrated and reassessed, this study by writer and curator Dieter Roelstraete could not be more timely.
Dieter Roelstraete is a writer, editor, and curator based in Berlin and Antwerp. He is a curator at MuHKA, Antwerp, and one of the editors of Afterall journal. His writing has appeared in many magazines and books, including the catalogue of the 2008 Berlin Biennial, When Things Cast No Shadow.

April 6 x 8 1/2, 112 pp. 12 color illus., 20 black & white illus. $16.00T/£9.95 paper 978-1-84638-058-7 $35.00S/£19.95 cloth 978-1-84638-060-0 One Work series Distributed for Afterall Books

Also available in this series HANNE DARBOVEN Cultural History 1880–1983 Dan Adler 2009, 978-1-84638-050-1 $16.00T/£9.95 paper ANDY WARHOL Blow Job Peter Gidal 2008, 978-1-84638-041-9 $16.00T/£9.95 paper YVONNE RAINER The Mind is a Muscle Catherine Wood 2007, 978-1-84638-037-2 $16.00T/£9.95 paper


history of technology/history

Technology and the Western Millennium Robert Friedel
Why does technology change over time, how does it change, and what difference does it make? In this sweeping, ambitious look at a thousand years of Western experience, Robert Friedel argues that technological change comes largely through the pursuit of improvement — the deep-rooted belief that things could be done in a better way. What Friedel calls the “culture of improvement” is manifested every day in the ways people carry out their tasks in life — from tilling fields and raising children to waging war. Friedel traces technology from the plow and the printing press to the internal combustion engine, the transistor, and the space shuttle. Familiar figures from the history of invention are joined by others — the dairywomen displaced from their control over cheesemaking, the little-known engineer who first suggested a grand tower to Gustav Eiffel. The most comprehensive attempt to tell the story of Western technology in many years, engagingly written and lavishly illustrated, A Culture of Improvement documents the ways in which the drive for improvement has shaped our modern world.
Robert Friedel is Professor in the Department of History at the University of Maryland. He is the author of Pioneer Plastic: The Making and Selling of Celluloid, Edison’s Electric Light, and Zipper: An Exploration in Novelty. Finalist for the 2008 Henry Paolucci/Walter Bagehot Award A history of technological change, from plows and printing presses to penicillin, the atomic bomb, and the computer.

April 8 x 9, 600 pp. 117 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51401-9 cloth 2007 978-0-262-06262-6

“Friedel’s dazzling tour de force describes almost every aspect of technology.” — Joel Mokyr, Journal of Interdisciplinary History “Robert Friedel. . . . can not only impart the lesser-known details of a familiar story but masterfully show how strange and wonderful it is that things happened the way they did.” — Adam Keiper, The Wall Street Journal “A rare, detailed, nontheoretical survey that exposes the veins of invention that run through Western culture, creating an astonishing picture of achievement through its careful accumulation of small details. Under [Mr. Friedel’s] firm touch it begins to be possible to feel something like the primal pulse of this culture.” — Edward Rothstein, The New York Times


memoir science/art

A Life in Sound, Science, and Industry Leo Beranek
Leo Beranek, an Iowa farm boy who became a Renaissance man — scientist, inventor, entrepreneur, musician, television executive, philanthropist, and author — has lived life in constant motion. His seventy-year career, through the most tumultuous and transformative years of the last century, has always been propelled by the sheer exhilaration of trying something new. In Riding the Waves, Leo Beranek tells his story. Beranek, one of the world’s leading experts on acoustics, invented the Hush-A-Phone — a telephone accessory that began the chain of regulatory challenges and lawsuits that led ultimately to the breakup of the Bell Telephone monopoly in the 1980s; devised the world’s largest muffler to quiet jet noise; served as acoustical consultant for concert halls around the world; as president of the acoustical consulting firm Bolt Beranek and Newman, assembled the software group that invented both the ARPANET, the forerunner of the Internet, and e-mail; and turned Boston’s Channel 5 into one of the country’s best TV stations. Riding the Waves is a testament to the boldness, diligence, and intelligence behind Beranek’s lifetime of extraordinary achievement.
Leo Beranek is a pioneer in acoustical research, known for his work in noise control and the acoustics of concert halls, and the author of twelve books on these topics. The many awards he has received include the Presidential National Medal of Science, presented in 2003.

Synesthesia in Art and Science Cretien van Campen
What is does it mean to hear music in colors, to taste voices, to see each letter of the alphabet as a different color? These uncommon sensory experiences are examples of synesthesia, when two or more senses cooperate in perception. In The Hidden Sense, Cretien van Campen explores synesthesia from both artistic and scientific perspectives. Van Campen investigates just what the function of synesthesia might be and what it might tell us about our own sensory perceptions. He examines the experiences of individual synesthetes — from Patrick, who sees music as images and finds the most beautiful ones spring from the music of Prince, to the schoolgirl Sylvia, who is surprised to learn that not everyone sees the alphabet in colors as she does. And he finds suggestions of synesthesia in the work of Scriabin, Van Gogh, Kandinsky, Nabokov, Poe, and Baudelaire. What is synesthesia? It is not, van Campen concludes, an audiovisual performance, a literary technique, an artistic trend, or a metaphor. It is, perhaps, our hidden sense — a way to think visually; a key to our own sensitivity.
Cretien van Campen is a Senior Researcher at the Social and Cultural Planning Office of the Netherlands. He is the author of two books on perception and visual art.

“Beranek’s account of his truly remarkable life is a superbly written and concise autobiography that tells a great story.” — Philip Nelson, Times Higher Education Supplement “A fascinating glimpse into a time unique in American industrial history . . . . It is the spirit of Leo Beranek that shines throughout this book — a spirit of confidence, open-mindedness, and intellectual adventure.” — Roger Zimmerman, IEEE Spectrum
April — 6 x 9, 248 pp. — 27 illus. $14.95T/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-51399-9 cloth 2008 978-0-262-02629-1

“A gentle, insightful, often personal, account of colored words, smells, tones, pains, even orgasms, that will fascinate scientists, artists, synesthetes and others.” — Chris McManus, Nature “This slim volume provides a good introduction to the fascinating phenomenon of synesthesia in art and science . . . . A welcome addition to the growing literature on the subject.” — Simon Shaw-Miller, The Art Book
April — 6 x 9, 200 pp. — 44 illus. $14.95T/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-51407-1 cloth 2007 978-0-262-22081-1 A Leonardo Book


art architecture

Language in 1960s Art Liz Kotz
Language has been a primary element in visual art since the 1960s — whether in the form of printed texts, painted signs, words on the wall, or recorded speech. In Words to Be Looked At, Liz Kotz traces this practice to its beginnings, examining works of visual art, poetry, and experimental music created in and around New York City from 1958 to 1968. In many of these works, language has been reduced to an object nearly emptied of meaning. Robert Smithson described a 1967 exhibition at the Dwan Gallery as consisting of “Language to be Looked at and/or Things to be Read.” Kotz considers the paradox of artists living in a time of social upheaval who used words but chose not to make statements with them. Kotz makes two works the “bookends” of her study: the “text score” for John Cage’s legendary 1952 work 4’33” — written instructions directing a performer to remain silent during three arbitrarily determined time brackets — and Andy Warhol’s notorious a: a novel — twenty-four hours of endless talk, taped and transcribed — published by Grove Press in 1968. Kotz argues that the turn to language in 1960s art was a reaction to the development of new recording and transmission media: words took on a new materiality and urgency in the face of magnetic sound, videotape, and other emerging electronic technologies. Words to Be Looked At is generously illustrated, with images of many important and influential but little-known works.
Liz Kotz teaches in the Art History Department at the University of California, Riverside.

Politics after Modernism Felicity D. Scott
In Architecture or Techno-Utopia, Felicity Scott traces an alternative genealogy of the postmodern turn in American architecture, focusing on a set of experimental practices and polemics that emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Scott examines projects, conceptual work, exhibitions, publications, pedagogical initiatives, and agitprop performances that had as their premise the belief that architecture could be ethically and politically relevant. Although most of these strategies were far from the mainstream of American architectural practice, Scott suggests that their ambition — the demonstration of architecture’s ongoing potential for social and political engagement — was nonetheless remarkable. Scott examines both the marginal and the prominent, from the Marxist architectural criticism of Meyer Schapiro to Emilio Ambasz’s introduction of ideas from environmental design to the video and architectural collective Ant Farm. She connects these earlier practices to the present day, in particular the missed opportunities for political engagement in the competition sponsored by the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation for the World Trade Center site. At a time of increasing receptiveness to thinking politically about architecture and design, Architecture or TechnoUtopia offers a detailed account of the ways in which the work of architects and designers can speak to the contemporary condition.
Felicity D. Scott is Assistant Professor of Architecture in the Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation at Columbia University and a founding editor of Grey Room.

“Words to Be Looked At is a landmark account of the central story of postwar art: the first sustained investigation of the ‘linguistic turn’ that has defined the arts since the 1960s.” — Craig Dworkin, Department of English, University of Utah
April — 7 x 9, 344 pp. — 100 illus. $16.95T/£12.95 paper 978-0-262-51403-3 cloth 2007 978-0-262-11308-3

“At a time when many prominent architects are given over to formal navel-gazing or corporate branding or both, [Scott’s] call to revivify the critically utopian dimension of design is very bracing.” — Hal Foster, Townsend Martin ’17 Professor of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University
April — 7 x 9, 360 pp. — 77 illus. $14.95T/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-51406-4 cloth 2007 978-0-262-19562-1


education/computer science/race studies current affairs/technology

Education, Race, and Computing Jane Margolis with Rachel Estrella, Joanna Goode, Jennifer Jellison Holme, and Kimberly Nao
The number of African Americans and Latino/as receiving undergraduate and advanced degrees in computer science is disproportionately low, according to recent surveys. And relatively few African American and Latino/a high school students receive the kind of institutional encouragement, educational opportunities, and preparation needed for them to choose computer science as a field of study and profession. In Stuck in the Shallow End, Jane Margolis looks at the daily experiences of students and teachers in three Los Angeles public high schools and finds an insidious “virtual segregation” that maintains inequality. Margolis traces the interplay of school structures (such factors as course offerings and student-to-counselor ratios) and belief systems — including teachers’ assumptions about their students and students’ assumptions about themselves. Stuck in the Shallow End is a story of how inequality is reproduced in America — and how students and teachers, given the necessary tools, can change the system.
Jane Margolis is Senior Researcher at the Institute for Democracy, Education, and Access at UCLA’s Graduate School of Education and Information Studies. She is the coauthor of Unlocking the Clubhouse: Women and Computing (MIT Press, 2002).

The Politics of Wiretapping and Encryption
Updated and Expanded Edition

Whitfield Diffie and Susan Landau
Telecommunication has never been perfectly secure. The Cold War culture of recording devices in telephone receivers and bugged embassy offices has been succeeded by a post-9/11 world of National Security Agency wiretaps and demands for data retention. Meanwhile, regulations requiring that the computer and communication industries build spying into their systems for the government’s convenience have increased rapidly. In Privacy on the Line, Whitfield Diffie and Susan Landau strip away the hype surrounding the policy debate over privacy to examine the nationalsecurity, law-enforcement, commercial, and civil-liberties issues. They discuss the social function of privacy, how it underlies a democratic society, and what happens when it is lost. This updated and expanded edition revises their original — and prescient — discussions of policy and technology in light of recent controversies over NSA spying and other government threats to communications privacy.
Whitfield Diffie, the inventor of public-key cryptography, is Visiting Professor at Royal Holloway College at the University of London. Susan Landau is Distinguished Engineer at Sun Microsystems. First edition awarded the 1998 Donald McGannon Award for Social and Ethical Relevance in Communication Policy Research

“Fifty years after Brown v. Board of Education, Jane Margolis exposes a barely recognized fact: minority children are still stuck in separate and unequal educational settings. Margolis points out why having high-tech equipment without a system in place to foster critical thinking does little to close the achievement gap in poor communities.” — Geoffrey Canada, President/CEO, Harlem Children’s Zone, and author of Fist Stick Knife Gun: A Personal History of Violence in America
April — 6 x 9, 216 pp. — 10 illus. $15.95T/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-51404-0 cloth 2008 978-0-262-13504-7

“Diffie and Landau deserve a large audience. Their lucid exposition adds valuable context to debates that for too long have been abstract.” — Aziz Huq, The American Prospect “An incredibly comprehensive insight into the world of encryption and wiretaps, its political machinations, legal aspects, technologies, vulnerabilities, costs, limitations, and near-ubiquity.” — G. Ernest Govea, Security Management
April — 6 x 9, 496 pp. $15.95T/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-51400-2 cloth 2007 978-0-262-04240-6


art/new media/politics music/technology

Television against Democracy David Joselit
American television embodies a paradox: it is a privately owned and operated public communications network that most citizens are unable to participate in except as passive spectators. Television creates an image of community while preventing the formation of actual social ties because behind its simulated exchange of opinions lies a highly centralized corporate structure that is profoundly antidemocratic. In Feedback, David Joselit describes the privatized public sphere of television and recounts the tactics developed by artists and media activists in the 1960s and 1970s to break open its closed circuit. The figures whose work Joselit examines — among them Nam June Paik, Dan Graham, Joan Jonas, Abbie Hoffman, Andy Warhol, and Melvin Van Peebles — staged political interventions within the space of television. Their strategies, Joselit writes, remain valuable today in a world where the overlapping information circuits of television and the Internet offer different opportunities for democratic participation. In Feedback, Joselit analyzes such midcentury image-events using the procedures and categories of art history. In a televisual world, Joselit argues, where democracy is conducted through images, art history has the capacity to become a political science.
David Joselit is Professor and Chair of the Department of the History of Art at Yale University and the author of Infinite Regress: Marcel Duchamp 1910-1941 (MIT Press, 1998) and American Art Since 1945.

Shaping the Sounds of Popular Music Virgil Moorefield
In the 1960s, rock and pop music recording questioned the convention that recordings should recreate the illusion of a concert hall setting. The Wall of Sound that Phil Spector built behind various artists and the intricate eclecticism of George Martin’s recordings of the Beatles did not resemble live performances — in the Albert Hall or elsewhere — but instead created a new sonic world. The role of the record producer, writes Virgil Moorefield in The Producer as Composer, was evolving from that of organizer to auteur. Underlying the transformation, Moorefield writes, is technological development: new techniques — tape editing, overdubbing, compression — and, in the last ten years, inexpensive digital recording equipment that allows artists to become their own producers. Much has been written about rock and pop in the last thirty-five years, but hardly any of it deals with what is actually heard in a given pop song. The Producer as Composer tries to unravel the mystery of good pop: why does it sound the way it does?
Virgil Moorefield is a composer, producer, and sound artist. He is Associate Professor at the University of Michigan Ann Arbor, where he teaches composition and new media.

“A sharply cautionary tale from our recent media past. . . . Joselit’s book suggests that the glow of TV’s tawdry sunset may well provide the best light by which to illuminate art history’s future path.” — Caroline A. Jones, Artforum “An elegant, passionately argued, and crucially important rallying cry. . . . There may be hope that this call to arms for the fields of art history and criticism will not go unheeded.” — Ulrich Baer, Modern Painters
April — 6 x 9, 232 pp. — 51 illus. $14.95T/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-51402-6 cloth 2007 978-0-262-10120-2

“Virgil Moorefield has given us a first-rate inside view of how gifted producers have changed the way we create and consume music. This book is essential for anyone who cares about how music has changed in the last thirty years." — Paul D. Miller aka DJ Spooky that Subliminal Kid, author of Rhythm Science and editor of Sound Unbound “An enjoyable read, liberally peppered with anecdotes that humanize the people involved in the transformation of recording from a strictly technical attempt to capture a live performance to an artistically crucial element of modern music.” — Kent Williams, Groove
April — 6 x 9, 168 pp. $10.95T/£8.95 paper 978-0-262-51405-7 cloth 2005 978-0-262-13457-6


game studies new media/cultural studies

Role-Playing and Story in Games and Playable Media edited by Pat Harrigan and Noah Wardrip-Fruin
Games and other playable forms, from interactive fictions to improvisational theater, involve role-playing and story — something played and something told. In Second Person, game designers, authors, artists, and scholars examine the different ways in which these two elements work together in tabletop role-playing games (RPGs), computer games, board games, card games, electronic literature, political simulations, locative media, massively multiplayer games, and other forms that invite and structure play. In engaging essays that range in tone from the informal to the technical, these writers offer a variety of approaches for the examination of an emerging field that includes works as diverse as George R. Martin’s Wild Cards series and the classic Infocom game Planetfall. Taken together, the multidisciplinary conversations in Second Person, along with Harrigan and WardripFruin’s other collections First Person and Third Person, offer essential insights into how fictions are constructed and maintained in very different forms of media at the beginning of the twenty-first century.
Pat Harrigan is a freelance writer and author of the novel Lost Clusters. Noah Wardrip-Fruin is Assistant Professor in the Computer Science Department at the University of California, Santa Cruz. They are the coeditors of First Person: New Media as Story, Performance, and Game (2004) and Third Person: Authoring and Exploring Vast Narratives (2007), both published by the MIT Press. March — 8 x 9, 432 pp. — 200 illus. $22.00S/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51418-7 cloth 2006 978-0-262-08356-0

A Critical Discourse edited by Fiona Cameron and Sarah Kenderdine
In Theorizing Digital Cultural Heritage, experts offer a critical and theoretical appraisal of the uses of digital media by cultural heritage institutions. Previous discussions of cultural heritage and digital technology have left the subject largely unmapped in terms of critical theory; the essays in this volume offer this long-missing perspective on the challenges of using digital media in the research, preservation, management, interpretation, and representation of cultural heritage. The contributors — scholars and practitioners from a range of relevant disciplines — ground theory in practice, considering how digital technology might be used to transform institutional cultures, methods, and relationships with audiences. The contributors examine the relationship between material and digital objects in collections of art and indigenous artifacts; the implications of digital technology for knowledge creation, documentation, and the concept of authority; and the possibilities for “virtual cultural heritage” — the preservation and interpretation of cultural and natural heritage through real-time, immersive, and interactive techniques.
Fiona Cameron is Associate Director, Innovation at UWS Innovation and Consulting, University of Western Sydney. Sarah Kenderdine is Coordinator of Special Projects, Museum Victoria, Melbourne.

“This is an indispensable work for students and professionals in cultural preservation and management.” — C. S. Peebles, Choice
March — 7 x 9, 480 pp. — 53 illus. $22.00S/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51411-8 Media in Transition series cloth 2006 978-0-262-03353-4


computer science/programming computer science/machine learning

Principles of Interaction Programming Harold Thimbleby
Interactive systems and devices, from mobile phones to office copiers, do not fulfill their potential for a wide variety of reasons — not all of them technical. Press On shows that we can design better interactive systems and devices if we draw on sound computer science principles. It uses state machines and graph theory as a powerful and insightful way to analyze and design better interfaces and examines specific designs and creative solutions to design problems. Programmers — who have the technical knowledge that designers and users often lack — can be more creative and more central to interaction design than we might think. Sound programming concepts improve device design. Press On highlights key principles throughout the text and provides cross-topic linkages between chapters and suggestions for further reading. Additional material, including all the program code used in the book, is available on an interactive Web site. Press On is an essential textbook and reference for computer science students, programmers, and anyone interested in the design of interactive technologies.
Harold Thimbleby is Professor of Computer Science at Swansea University, Wales. He is the author or editor of a number of books, including User Interface Design, and nearly 400 other publications. Winner, American Publishers Awards for Professional and Scholarly Excellence, Computers and Information Sciences category

edited by Olivier Chapelle, Bernhard Schölkopf, and Alexander Zien
In the field of machine learning, semi-supervised learning (SSL) occupies the middle ground between supervised learning (in which all training examples are labeled) and unsupervised learning (in which no label data are given). Interest in SSL has increased in recent years, particularly because of application domains in which unlabeled data are plentiful, such as images, text, and bioinformatics. This first comprehensive overview of SSL presents state-of-the-art algorithms, a taxonomy of the field, selected applications, benchmark experiments, and perspectives on ongoing and future research. Semi-Supervised Learning first presents the key assumptions and ideas underlying the field: smoothness, cluster or low-density separation, manifold structure, and transduction. The core of the book is the presentation of SSL methods, organized according to algorithmic strategies. After an examination of generative models, the book describes algorithms that implement the low-density separation assumption, graph-based methods, and algorithms that perform two-step learning. The book then discusses SSL applications and offers guidelines for SSL practitioners by analyzing the results of extensive benchmark experiments. Finally, the book looks at interesting directions for SSL research. The book closes with a discussion of the relationship between semi-supervised learning and transduction.
Olivier Chapelle is Senior Research Scientist in Machine Learning at Yahoo. Bernhard Schölkopf is Professor and Director at the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics in Tübingen and is coauthor of Learning with Kernels (2002) and is a coeditor of Advances in Kernel Methods: Support Vector Learning (1998), Advances in Large-Margin Classifiers (2000), and Kernel Methods in Computational Biology (2004), all published by the MIT Press. Alexander Zien is Senior Analyst in Bioinformatics at LIFE Biosystems GmbH, Heidelberg. March — 8 x 10, 528 pp. — 98 illus.

“Highly recommended” — J. Beidler, Choice “The book will be of value to anyone who creates interfaces to computers and electronic devices, from the smallest to the most complex.” — Terry Winograd, Department of Computer Science, Stanford University
March — 7 x 9, 528 pp. — 156 illus. $24.00S/£17.95 paper 978-0-262-51423-1 cloth 2007 978-0-262-20170-4

$26.00S/£19.95 paper 978-0-262-51412-5 cloth 2006 978-0-262-03358-9 Adaptive Computation and Machine Learning series


computer science/economics economics/economic history

edited by Peter Cramton, Yoav Shoham, and Richard Steinberg foreword by Vernon L. Smith, Nobel Prize in Economics, 2002
The study of combinatorial auctions — auctions in which bidders can bid on combinations of items or “packages” — draws on the disciplines of economics, operations research, and computer science. This landmark collection integrates these three perspectives, offering a state-of-the art survey of developments in combinatorial auction theory and practice by leaders in the field. Combinatorial auctions (CAs), by allowing bidders to express their preferences more fully, can lead to improved economic efficiency and greater auction revenues. Challenges arise, however, in both design and implementation. Combinatorial Auctions addresses bidding languages and questions of efficiency, considering possible strategies for solving the computationally intractable problem of how to compute the objectivemaximizing allocation (known as the winner determination problem) and questions of how to test alternative algorithms. The authors discuss five important applications of CAs: spectrum auctions, airport takeoff and landing slots, procurement of freight transportation services, the London bus routes market, and industrial procurement.
Peter Cramton is Professor of Economics at the University of Maryland. Yoav Shoham is Professor of Computer Science at Stanford University. Richard Steinberg is Chair in Operations Management at the London School of Economics.

Barry Eichengreen
In Global Imbalances and the Lessons of Bretton Woods, Barry Eichengreen takes issue with the argument that today’s international financial system is largely analogous to the Bretton Woods system of the period 1958 to 1973. Then, as now, it has been argued, the United States ran balance of payment deficits, provided international reserves to other countries, and acted as export market of last resort for the rest of the world. Then, as now, the story continues, other countries were reluctant to revalue their currencies for fear of seeing their export-led growth slow and suffering capital losses on their foreign reserves. Eichengreen argues in response that the power of historical analogy lies not just in finding parallels but in highlighting differences, and indeed he finds important differences in the structure of the world economy today. Such differences — two of the most salient of which are the twin deficits and low savings rate of the United States, which do not augur well for the sustainability of the country's international position — he concludes, mean that the current constellation of exchange rates and payments imbalances is unlikely to last as long as the original Bretton Woods system.
Barry Eichengreen is George C. Pardee and Helen N. Pardee Professor of Economics and Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of Capital Flows and Crises (MIT Press, 2002) and other books.

“Combinatorial auctions are the great frontier of auction theory today, and this book provides a state-of-the-art survey of this exciting field.” — Roger B. Myerson, University of Chicago, Nobel Prize in Economics, 2002 “An essential reference for scholars and practitioners alike.” — Paul Klemperer, University of Oxford
March — 7 x 9, 672 pp. — 11 illus. $26.00S/£19.95 paper 978-0-262-51413-2 cloth 2006 978-0-262-03342-8

“Eichengreen’s book should be the starting point for the debate about what will happen after the inevitable end of an unsustainable system. With this and his many other books, Eichengreen has established himself as one of the most important voices in that debate.” — Rawi Abdelal, Business History Review
March — 5 3/8 x 8, 208 pp. — 13 illus. $13.00S/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-51414-9 cloth 2006 978-0-262-05084-5 Cairoli Lectures series


economics/finance economics/psychology

Fischer Black with a previously unpublished paper by the author new foreword by Edward Glaeser
Fischer Black was known for his brilliance as well as for his sometimes controversial opinions. Highly respected for his scholarly writings in finance, with this book he moved into different territory, offering an incisive, unconventional assessment of general equilibrium theory and what that theory reveals about business cycles, growth, and labor economics. In Exploring General Equilibrium, Black asserts that the general equilibrium approach can be used to explain most of the economy’s behavior. It can explain business cycles and growth without using sticky prices, irrationality, economies of scale, or imperfect competition. It can explain the volatility of consumption, output, sales, investment, and inventories with axiomatic utility and constant-returns-to-scale production. It can explain temporary layoffs, job changes with and without intervening unemployment, and the behavior of vacancies. It can explain lower wages in part-time jobs, wages that increase rapidly with time on the job, and the forces that cause migration from poor to rich countries. This paperback edition of Exploring General Equilibrium includes a previously unpublished paper by Black, “Neutral Technical Change,” edited by Harvard economist Edward Glaeser, who also contributes the foreword.
Fischer Black (1938–1995), coauthor with Myron Scholes of the Black-Scholes equation on option pricing, held positions at the University of Chicago, MIT’s Sloan School of Management, and Goldman Sachs. In 1997, Scholes received the Nobel Prize in Economics for his work with Black on option pricing. March — 6 x 9, 368 pp. $30.00S/£22.95 paper 978-0-262-51409-5 cloth 1995 978-0-262-02382-5

A Promising New Cross-Disciplinary Field edited by Bruno S. Frey and Alois Stutzer
The integration of economics and psychology has created a vibrant and fruitful emerging field of study. The essays in Economics and Psychology take a broad view of the interface between these two disciplines, going beyond the usual focus on “behavioral economics.” As documented in this volume, the influence of psychology on economics has been responsible for a view of human behavior that calls into question the assumption of complete rationality (and raises the possibility of altruistic acts), the acceptance of experiments as a valid method of economic research, and the idea that utility or well-being can be measured. The contributors, all leading researchers in the field, offer state-of-the-art discussions of such topics as pro-social behavior and the role of conditional cooperation and trust, happiness research as an empirical tool, the potential of neuroeconomics as a way to deepen understanding of individual decision making, and procedural utility as a concept that captures the well-being people derive directly from the processes and conditions leading to outcomes. Taken together, the essays in Economics and Psychology offer an assessment of where this new interdisciplinary field stands and what directions are most promising for future research, providing a useful guide for economists, psychologists, and social scientists.
Bruno S. Frey is Professor of Economics at the University of Zurich. Alois Stutzer is Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Business and Economics at the University of Basel.

“The contributions show the fruitful integration of psychological methods and insights in economic research and impressively demonstrate how much progress was already made.” — Bettina Rockenbach, Journal of Economics and Statistics
March — 6 x 9, 296 pp. — 69 illus. $16.00S/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-51416-3 cloth 2007 978-0-262-06263-3 CESifo Seminar series


cognitive science/psychology/environment philosophy/evolutionary psychology

Scott Atran and Douglas Medin
Surveys show that our growing concern over protecting the environment is accompanied by a diminishing sense of human contact with nature. In The Native Mind and the Cultural Construction of Nature, Scott Atran and Douglas Medin trace the cognitive consequences of this loss of knowledge. Drawing on nearly two decades of cross-cultural and developmental research, they examine the relationship between how people think about the natural world and how they act on it and how these two phenomena are affected by cultural differences. These studies reveal critical universal aspects of mind as well as equally critical cultural differences. The book includes two intensive case studies, one focusing on agro-forestry among Maya Indians and Spanish speakers in Mexico and Guatemala and the other on resource conflict between Native-American and EuropeanAmerican fishermen in Wisconsin. The Native Mind and the Cultural Construction of Nature offers new perspectives on general theories of human categorization, reasoning, decision making, and cognitive development.
Scott Atran is Research Director in Anthropology at France’s National Center for Scientific Research and Visiting Professor of Psychology and Public Policy at the University of Michigan. Douglas Medin is Professor in the Psychology Department at Northwestern University. Medin and Atran are the coeditors of Folkbiology (MIT Press, 1999).

Robert C. Richardson
Human beings, like other organisms, are the products of evolution. Like other organisms, we exhibit traits that are the product of natural selection. Our psychological capacities are evolved traits as much as are our gait and posture. This much few would dispute. Evolutionary psychology goes further than this, claiming that our psychological traits — including a wide variety of traits, from mate preference and jealousy to language and reason — can be understood as specific adaptations to ancestral Pleistocene conditions. In Evolutionary Psychology as Maladapted Psychology, Robert Richardson takes a critical look at evolutionary psychology by subjecting its ambitious and controversial claims to the same sorts of methodological and evidential constraints that are broadly accepted within evolutionary biology. Richardson shows that existing explanations within evolutionary psychology fall woefully short of accepted biological standards. Evolutionary psychology, Richards argues, is speculation rather than sound science — and we should treat its claims with skepticism.
Robert C. Richardson is Charles Phelps Taft Professor of Philosophy at the University of Cincinnati.

“This book is essential reading for psychologists, who all too often look at problems from the lens of just one culture; for anthropologists, who all too often neglect evolved universals of thought; and for anyone else interested in the relations among culture, thought, and human values.” — Frank Keil, Department of Psychology, Yale University
March — 6 x 9, 344 pp. — 3 illus. $19.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51408-8 cloth 2008 978-0-262-13489-7 Life and Mind series: Philosophical Issues in Biology and Psychology

“Richardson’s arguments are informed, informative, and incisive, and they provide an important cautionary brief against the adaptationist program in evolutionary psychology.” — David J. Buller, Ethology “In this excellent book, Richardson shows very clearly that attempts at reconstruction of our cognitive history amount to little more than ‘speculation disguised as results.’ ” — Johan J. Bolhuis, Science
March — 6 x 9, 232 pp. — 13 illus. $15.00S/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-51421-7 cloth 2007 978-0-262-18260-7 Life and Mind series: Philosophical Issues in Biology and Psychology


philosophy/political science neuroscience/computational neuroscience

From Dêmos to Dêmoi James Bohman
Today democracy is both exalted as the “best means to realize human rights” and seen as weakened because of globalization and delegation of authority beyond the nation-state. In this provocative book, James Bohman argues that democracies face a period of renewal and transformation and that democracy itself needs redefinition according to a new transnational ideal. Democracy, he writes, should be rethought in the plural; it should no longer be understood as rule by the people (dêmos), singular, with a specific territorial identification and connotation, but as rule by peoples (dêmoi), across national boundaries. Bohman shows that this new conception of transnational democracy requires reexamination of such fundamental ideas as the people, the public, citizenship, human rights, and federalism, and he argues that it offers a feasible approach to realizing democracy in a globalized world.
James Bohman is Danforth Professor of Philosophy and Professor of International Studies at Saint Louis University. He is the author, editor, or translator of many books, including Public Deliberation: Pluralism, Complexity, and Democracy (MIT Press, 1996) and Perpetual Peace: Essays on Kant’s Cosmopolitan Ideal (edited with Matthias Lutz-Bachmann, MIT Press, 1997).

The Geometry of Excitability and Bursting Eugene M. Izhikevich
In order to model neuronal behavior or to interpret the results of modeling studies, neuroscientists must call upon methods of nonlinear dynamics. This book offers an introduction to nonlinear dynamical systems theory for researchers and graduate students in neuroscience. It also provides an overview of neuroscience for mathematicians who want to learn the basic facts of electrophysiology. Dynamical Systems in Neuroscience presents a systematic study of the relationship of electrophysiology, nonlinear dynamics, and computational properties of neurons. It emphasizes that information processing in the brain depends not only on the electrophysiological properties of neurons but also on their dynamical properties. Each chapter proceeds from the simple to the complex, and provides sample problems at the end. Concepts are presented in terms of both neuroscience and mathematics, providing a link between the two disciplines.
Eugene M. Izhikevich is Chairman and CEO of Brain Corporation in San Diego and was formerly Senior Fellow in Theoretical Neurobiology at the Neurosciences Institute, San Diego. He is editor-in-chief of Scholarpedia, the free peer-reviewed encyclopedia.

“Highly persuasive. . . . An important contribution to the literature on normative global governance and an elegant argument for republican federalism.” — Barbara Buckinx, Ethics in International Affairs “Deploying deep theoretical insight and wide-ranging concrete examples, Bohman’s Democracy Across Borders compellingly and with great originality characterizes a feasible global democracy.” — Henry S. Richardson, Professor of Philosophy, Georgetown University
March — 6 x 9, 232 pp. $18.00S/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-51410-1 cloth 2007 978-0-262-02612-3 Studies in Contemporary German Social Thought series

“A unique contribution to the theoretical neuroscience literature that can serve as a useful reference for audiences ranging from quantitatively skilled undergraduates interested in mathematical modeling, to neuroscientists at all levels, to graduate students and even researchers in the field of theoretical neuroscience.” — Jonathan E. Rubin, Mathematical Review “A stimulating, entertaining, and scenic tour of neuronal modeling from a nonlinear dynamics viewpoint.” — John Rinzel, Center for Neural Science and Courant Institute, New York University
March — 7 x 10, 528 pp. — 409 illus. $32.00S/£23.95 paper 978-0-262-51420-0 cloth 2006 978-0-262-09043-8 Computational Neuroscience series


computational biology

history of technology/urban studies

From Concepts to Nuts and Bolts edited by Zoltan Szallasi, Jörg Stelling, and Vipul Periwal
Research in systems biology requires the collaboration of researchers from diverse backgrounds, including biology, computer science, mathematics, statistics, physics, and biochemistry. These collaborations, necessary because of the enormous breadth of background needed for research in this field, can be hindered by differing understandings of the limitations and applicability of techniques and concerns from different disciplines. This comprehensive introduction and overview of system modeling in biology makes the relevant background material from all pertinent fields accessible to researchers with different backgrounds. The emerging area of systems level modeling in cellular biology has lacked a critical and thorough overview. This book fills that gap. It is the first to provide the necessary critical comparison of concepts and approaches, with an emphasis on their possible applications. It presents key concepts and their theoretical background, including the concepts of robustness and modularity and their exploitation to study biological systems; the best-known modeling approaches and their advantages and disadvantages; lessons from the application of mathematical models to the study of cellular biology; and available modeling tools and datasets, along with their computational limitations.
Zoltan Szallasi is Professor in the Center for Biological Sequence Analysis at the Technical University of Denmark. Jörg Stelling is a faculty member of the Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering at ETH Zürich. Vipul Periwal is with the Mathematical Cell Modeling Section, NIDDK, National Institute of Health.

Inside Modern European Cities edited by Mikael Hård and Thomas J. Misa
Urban Machinery investigates the technological dimension of modern European cities, vividly describing the most dramatic changes in the urban environment over the last century and a half. Written by leading scholars from the history of technology, urban history, and the sociology of science and technology, the book views the European city as a complex construct entangled with technology. The chapters examine the increasing similarity of modern cities and their technical infrastructures (including communication, energy, industrial, and transportation systems) and the resulting tension between homogenization and cultural differentiation. The contributors emphasize the concept of circulation — the process by which architectural ideas, urban planning principles, engineering concepts, and societal models spread across Europe as well as from the United States to Europe. They also examine the parallel process of appropriation — how these systems and practices have been adapted to prevailing institutional structures and cultural preferences.
Mikael Hård is Professor of History at Darmstadt University of Technology. His books include The Intellectual Appropriation of Technology: Discourses on Modernity, 1900-1939 (coedited with Andrew Jamison; MIT Press, 1998). Thomas J. Misa is ERA–Land Grant Professor of the History of Technology at the University of Minnesota, where he directs the Charles Babbage Institute. His books include Modernity and Technology (coedited with Philip Brey and Andrew Feenberg; MIT Press, 2003).

“Whether for graduate students or researchers, this book provides an excellent introduction to systems biology modeling.” — Steven S. Andrews, Quarterly Review of Biology
March — 7 x 9, 464 pp. $26.00S/£19.95 paper 978-0-262-51422-4 cloth 2006 978-0-262-19548-5

“By placing technology at the center of its historical narratives, the volume provides original insights into some of the most crucial episodes of modern urban history.” — Jens Lachmund, Isis
March — 7 x 9, 360 pp. — 48 illus. $22.50S/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51417-0 cloth 2007 978-0-262-08369-0 Inside Technology series


history of science/history of technology history of technology

The Birth of Naval Architecture in the Scientific Revolution, 1600–1800 Larrie D. Ferreiro
“Naval architecture was born in the mountains of Peru, in the mind of a French astronomer named Pierre Bouguer who never built a ship in his life.” So writes Larrie Ferreiro at the beginning of this pioneering work on the science of naval architecture. Bouguer’s monumental book Traité du navire (Treatise of the Ship) founded a discipline that defined not the rules for building a ship but the theories and tools to predict a ship’s characteristics and performance before it was built. In Ships and Science, Ferreiro argues that the birth of naval architecture formed an integral part of the Scientific Revolution. Using Bouguer’s work as a cornerstone, Ferreiro traces the intriguing and often unexpected development of this new discipline and describes its practical application to ship design in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Larrie D. Ferreiro is a naval architect and historian. He trained and worked as a naval architect in the U.S., British, and French navies and the U.S. Coast Guard and has served as technical expert for the International Maritime Organization. He has a PhD in the History of Science and Technology from Imperial College, London. Winner, 2007 John Lyman Award for Best Book in Science and Technology, sponsored by the North American Society for Oceanic History

From Marconi’s Black-Box to the Audion Sungook Hong
Fifteen years after Marconi’s famous invention, wireless had become an essential means of communication and a hobby for many. In Wireless, Sungook Hong offers a new perspective on the early days of wireless communication. Drawing on previously untapped archival evidence and recent work in the history and sociology of science and technology, Hong examines the substance and context of both experimental and theoretical aspects of engineering and scientific practices in the first years of this technology. He offers new insights into the relationship between Marconi and his scientific advisor, the physicist John Ambrose Fleming (inventor of the vacuum tube). It includes the full story of the infamous 1903 incident in which Marconi’s opponent Nevil Maskelyne interfered with Fleming’s public demonstration of Marconi’s syntonic tuning system at the Royal Institution by sending derogatory messages from his own transmitter. Hong’s analysis of the Maskelyne affair highlights the struggle between Marconi and his opponents, the efficacy of early syntonic devices, Fleming’s role as a public witness to Marconi’s private experiments, and the nature of Marconi’s “shows.” It also provides a rare case study of how the credibility of an engineer can be created, consumed, and suddenly destroyed. The book concludes with a discussion of Lee De Forest’s audion and the shift from wireless telegraphy to radio.
Sungook Hong is Associate Professor at the Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology at the University of Toronto.

“A work of the highest importance, linking science, ships, and sea power.” — Andrew Lambert, Laughton Professor of Naval History, King's College London “This is a superb volume, and is likely to be regarded in coming years as the starting point of the now fast growing study of the foundations of applied science and engineering.” — Fred M. Walker, Mariner’s Mirror
March — 7 x 9, 472 pp. — 92 illus. $25.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51415-6 cloth 2006 978-0-262-06259-6 Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology

“Historians of science and technology will regard this book as the definitive work on the scientific underpinnings and technological development of wireless in its first fifteen years.” — David Hochfelder, Business History Review
March — 6 x 9, 272 pp. — 45 illus. $22.00S/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51419-4 cloth 2001 978-0-262-08298-3 Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology


technology/public policy

Reports on a new generation of Internet controls that establish a normative terrain in which surveillance and censorship are routine.

The Shaping of Power, Rights, and Rule in Cyberspace edited by Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain foreword by Miklos Haraszti
Internet filtering, censorship of Web content, and online surveillance are increasing in scale, scope, and sophistication around the world, in democratic countries as well as in authoritarian states. The first generation of Internet controls consisted largely of building firewalls at key Internet gateways; China’s famous “Great Firewall of China” is one of the first national Internet filtering systems. Today the new tools for Internet controls that are emerging go beyond mere denial of information. These new techniques, which aim to normalize (or even legalize) Internet control, include targeted viruses and the strategically timed deployment of distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, surveillance at key points of the Internet’s infrastructure, take-down notices, stringent terms of usage policies, and national information shaping strategies. Access Controlled reports on this new normative terrain. The book, a project from the OpenNet Initiative (ONI), a collaboration of the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto’s Munk Centre for International Studies, Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society, and the SecDev Group, offers six substantial chapters that analyze Internet control in both Western and Eastern Europe and a section of shorter regional reports and country profiles drawn from material gathered by the ONI around the world through a combination of technical interrogation and field research methods.
Ronald Deibert is Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of the Citizen Lab at the Munk Centre for International Studies at the University of Toronto. John Palfrey is Henry N. Ess II Professor of Law and Vice Dean for Library and Information Resources at Harvard Law School. Rafal Rohozinski is a Principal with the SecDev Group, a global strategy and research analytics firm. Jonathan Zittrain is Professor at Harvard Law School and the author of The Future of the Internet — And How to Stop It. Deibert, Palfrey, Rohozinski, and Zittrain are the coeditors of Access Denied: The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering (MIT Press, 2008).

April 7 x 9, 656 pp. 34 illus. $25.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51435-4 $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01434-2 Information Revolution and Global Politics series

Also available ACCESS DENIED The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering edited by Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain 2008, 978-0-262-54196-1 $21.00S/£15.95

Ronald Deibert Colin Maclay John Palfrey Hal Roberts Rafal Rohozinski Nart Villeneuve Ethan Zuckerman


information technology race studies/public policy

Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities edited by William H. Dutton and Paul W. Jeffreys foreword by Ian Goldin
Advances in information and communication technology are transforming the way scholarly research is conducted across all disciplines. The use of increasingly powerful and versatile computer-based Experts examine ways and networked systems promin which the use of increasingly powerful ises to change research activity and versatile digital as profoundly as the mobile information and phone, the Internet, and email communication have changed everyday life. technologies are transforming research This book offers a comprehenactivities across sive and accessible view of the all disciplines. use of these new approaches — called “e-Research” — and their ethical, legal, and institutional implications. The contributors, leading scholars from a range of disciplines, focus on how e-Research is reshaping not only how research is done but also, and more important, its outcomes. By anchoring their discussion in specific examples and case studies, they identify and analyze a promising set of practical developments and results associated with e-Research innovations. The contributors, who include Geoffrey Bowker, Christine Borgman, Paul Edwards, Tim Berners-Lee, and Hal Abelson, explain why and how e-Research activity can reconfigure access to networks of information, expertise, and experience, changing what researchers observe, with whom they collaborate, how they share information, what methods they use to report their findings, and what knowledge is required to do this.
William H. Dutton is Director of the Oxford Internet Institute, Professor of Internet Studies, and Professorial Fellow of Balliol College at the University of Oxford. Paul W. Jeffreys, formerly Director of the Oxford e-Research Centre, is Director of IT at the University of Oxford, Professor of Computing, and Professorial Fellow of Keble College at the University of Oxford. July — 7 x 9, 424 pp. — 8 illus. $33.00S/£24.95 paper 978-0-262-51373-9 $66.00S/£48.95 cloth 978-0-262-01439-7

Modern Governance and the Biology of Difference edited by Ian Whitmarsh and David S. Jones
The post–civil rights era perspective of many scientists and scholars was that race was nothing more than a social construction. Recently, however, the relevance of race as a social, legal, and How race as a medical category has been category — reinforced by new discoveries in reinvigorated by science, genetics — is used as a especially by discoveries in basis for practice and genetics. Although in 2000 policy in law, science, the Human Genome Project and medicine. reported that humans shared 99.9 percent of their genetic code, scientists soon began to argue that the degree of variation was actually greater than this, and that this variation maps naturally onto conventional categories of race. In the context of this rejuvenated biology of race, the contributors to What’s the Use of Race? investigate whether race can be a category of analysis without reinforcing it as a basis for discrimination. Can policies that aim to alleviate inequality inadvertently increase it by reifying race differences? The essays focus on contemporary questions at the cutting edge of genetics and governance, examining them from the perspectives of law, science, and medicine. The book follows the use of race in three domains of governance: ruling, knowing, and caring. Contributors first examine the use of race and genetics in the courtroom, law enforcement, and scientific oversight; then explore the ways that race becomes, implicitly or explicitly, part of the genomic science that attempts to address human diversity; and finally investigate how race is used to understand and act on inequities in health and disease. Answering these questions is essential for setting policies for biology and citizenship in the twenty-first century.
Ian Whitmarsh is Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology, History, and Social Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. David S. Jones is Associate Professor of History and Culture of Science and Technology at MIT. May — 7 x 9, 296 pp. — 7 illus. $22.00S/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51424-8


science, technology, and society/philosophy science, technology, and society/sociology

Essays in Technology and Modernity Andrew Feenberg afterword by Michel Callon
The technologies, markets, and administrations of today’s knowledge society are in crisis. We face recurring disasters in every domain: climate change, energy shortages, economic meltdown. A leading philosopher The system is broken, despite of technology calls for the democratic everything the technocrats coordination of claim to know about science, technical rationality technology, and economics. with everyday These problems are exacerexperience. bated by the fact that today powerful technologies have unforeseen effects that disrupt everyday life; the new masters of technology are not restrained by the lessons of experience, and accelerate change to the point where society is in constant turmoil. In Between Reason and Experience, leading philosopher of technology Andrew Feenberg makes a case for the interdependence of reason — scientific knowledge, technical rationality — and experience. Feenberg examines different aspects of the tangled relationship between technology and society from the perspective of critical theory of technology, an approach he has pioneered over the past twenty years. Feenberg points to two examples of democratic interventions into technology: the Internet (in which user initiative has influenced design) and the environmental movement (in which science coordinates with protest and policy). He examines methodological applications of critical theory of technology to the case of the French Minitel computing network and to the relationship between national culture and technology in Japan. Finally, Feenberg considers the philosophies of technology of Heidegger, Habermas, Latour, and Marcuse. The gradual extension of democracy into the technical sphere, Feenberg argues, is one of the great political transformations of our time.
Andrew Feenberg is Professor and Canada Research Chair in Philosophy of Technology at the School of Communication at Simon Fraser University. He is the author of Critical Theory of Technology, Alternative Modernity, Questioning Technology, Transforming Technology, and Heidegger and Marcuse. June — 6 x 9, 248 pp. — 2 illus. $22.00S/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51425-5 Inside Technology series

Science, Society, and Ecological Design Matthias Gross
Ignorance and surprise belong together: surprises can make people aware of their own ignorance. And yet, perhaps paradoxically, a surprising event in scientific research — one that defies prediction or risk assessment The relationship between — is often a window to new and unexpected knowledge. ignorance and surprise and a conceptual In this book, Matthias Gross framework for dealing examines the relationship with the unexpected, between ignorance and suras seen in ecological prise, proposing a conceptual design projects. framework for handling the unexpected and offering case studies of ecological design that demonstrate the advantages of allowing for surprises and including ignorance in the design and negotiation processes. Gross draws on classical and contemporary sociological accounts of ignorance and surprise in science and ecology and integrates these with the idea of experiment in society. He develops a notion of how unexpected occurrences can be incorporated into a model of scientific and technological development that includes the experimental handling of surprises. Gross discusses different projects in ecological design, including Chicago’s restoration of the shoreline of Lake Michigan and Germany’s revitalization of brownfields near Leipzig. These cases show how ignorance and surprise can successfully play out in ecological design projects, and how the acknowledgment of the unknown can become a part of decision making. The appropriation of surprises can lead to robust design strategies. Ecological design, Gross argues, is neither a linear process of master planning nor a process of trial and error but a carefully coordinated process of dealing with unexpected turns by means of experimental practice.
Matthias Gross is Senior Researcher in the Department of Urban and Environmental Sociology at Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research–UFZ. June — 6 x 9, 256 pp. — 12 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01348-2 Inside Technology series


history of science/urban studies history of technology

Cultural Innovation in the Second Industrial Revolotion Miriam R. Levin, Sophie Forgan, Martina Hessler, Robert H. Kargon, and Morris Low
At the close of the nineteenth century, industrialization and urbanization marked the end of the traditional understanding of society as How Paris, London, rooted in agriculture. Urban Chicago, Berlin, and Tokyo created modernity Modernity examines the conthrough science and struction of an urban-centered, technology by means industrial-based culture — an of urban planning, international expositions, entirely new social reality based on science and technology. and museums. The authors show that this invention of modernity was brought about through the efforts of urban elites — businessmen, industrialists, and officials — to establish new science- and technology-related institutions. International expositions, museums, and other such institutions and projects helped stem the economic and social instability fueled by industrialization, projecting the past and the future as part of a steady continuum of scientific and technical progress. The authors examine the dynamic connecting urban planning, museums, educational institutions, and expositions in Paris, London, Chicago, Berlin, and Tokyo from 1870 to 1930. In Third Republic Paris, politicians, administrators, social scientists, architects, and engineers implemented the future city through a series of commissions, agencies, and organizations; in rapidly expanding London, cultures of science and technology were both rooted in and constitutive of urban culture; in Chicago after the Great Fire, Commercial Club members pursued civic ideals through scientific and technological change; in Berlin, industry, scientific institutes, and the popularization of science helped create a modern metropolis; and in Meiji-era Tokyo (Edo), modernization and Westernization went hand in hand.
Miriam R. Levin is Professor of History and Art History at Case Western Reserve University. Sophie Forgan is on the faculty of Teesside University, Middlesbrough, England. Martina Hessler is Professor of Society and Technology at the University of Art and Design, Offenbach am Main, Germany. Robert H. Kargon is Professor of the History of Science at Johns Hopkins University. Morris Low is Senior Lecturer in Asian Studies at the University of Queensland. May — 6 x 9, 272 pp. — 25 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01398-7

The Age of Contested Modernization, 1890–1970 edited by Johan Schot, Harry Lintsen, and Arie Rip
This study offers both an account of twentieth-century technology in the Netherlands An account of and a view of Dutch history the trajectory of through the lens of technology. modernization through technology in the It describes the trajectory of Netherlands. modernization through technology in certain characteristically Dutch contexts — including the omnipresence of water, the pervasiveness of urbanization coupled with a high-tech agricultural sector, and the legacy of colonialism — but at the same time makes it clear that Dutch struggles over technology choices, infrastructure development, mass production, and the role of government are comparable to the experience of any Western industrialized country. The book, which synthesizes findings originally presented in a series of seven volumes published in the Netherlands, uses the idea of contested modernization as an overarching concept through which to understand Dutch technological history. The modernizers of Dutch society — including engineers, management consultants, architects, and others — did not always agree on how to modernize; moreover, the unruliness of specific practices often derailed or redirected implementation. Tensions between top-down and bottomup modernization, and between scale-enlargement and more flexible arrangements of mutual coordination and cooperation shaped Dutch history. The chapters examine such topics as attempts to create an industrial nation, materially connected through infrastructure; the conflicts that came with the arrival of mass production and the emergence of a consumer society; and land-use planning in a low-lying country.
Johan Schot and Harry Lintsen are Professors of the History of Technology at the Eindhoven University of Technology. Arie Rip is Professor of Philosophy of Science and Technology in the School of Management and Governance of the University of Twente. February — 6 x 9, 640 pp. $45.00S/£26.95 cloth 978-0-262-01362-8 Copublished with Walberg Pers, the Netherlands


literature/history of science

An engaging exploration of the mutually productive interaction of literature and energy science in the Victorian era, as seen in Tennyson, Dickens, Stoker, and others.

Energy in Victorian Literature and Science Barri J. Gold
In ThermoPoetics, Barri Gold sets out to show us how analogous, intertwined, and mutually productive poetry and physics may be. Charting the simultaneous emergence of the laws of thermodynamics in literature and in physics that began in the 1830s, Gold finds that not only can science influence literature, but literature can influence science, especially in the early stages of intellectual development. Nineteenth-century physics was often conducted in words. And, Gold claims, a poet could be a genius in thermodynamics and a novelist a damn good engineer. Gold’s lively readings of works by Alfred Tennyson, Charles Dickens, Herbert Spencer, Bram Stoker, Oscar Wilde, and others offer a decidedly literary introduction to such elements of thermodynamic thought as conservation and dissipation, the linguistic tension between force and energy, the quest for a grand unified theory, strategies for coping within an inexorably entropic universe, and the demonic potential of the thermodynamically savvy individual. Victorian literature embraced the language and ideas of energy physics to address the era’s concerns about religion, evolution, race, class, empire, gender, and sexuality. These concerns in turn, Gold argues, shaped the hopes and fears expressed about the new physics. With ThermoPoetics Gold not only offers us a new lens through which to view Victorian literature, but also provides in-depth examples of the practical applications of such a lens. Thus Gold shows us that in In Memoriam, Tennyson expresses thermodynamic optimism with a vision of transformation after loss; in A Tale of Two Cities, Dickens produces order in spite of the universal drive to entropy, and in Bleak House treats the novel itself as a series of engines; and how Wilde’s Dorian Gray and Stoker’s Dracula reveal the creative potential of chaos.
Barri J. Gold is Associate Professor of English at Muhlenberg College.

March 5 3/8 x 8, 336 pp. 2 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01372-7

“ ThermoPoetics bridges the literary and the scientific in a way that is lively, original, and poignant. Barri Gold’s writing has the flair, personality, and humor that will attract and please many readers. Through her vivid readings, Victorian literature opens intriguing new perspectives on the poetic ramifications of science." — Peter Pesic, St. John's College, Santa Fe, author of Sky in a Bottle “Tennyson was a genius of thermodynamics, Maxwell, undoubtedly a poet. The tensions between science and literature have never been as great as they were in the Victorian era, and Barri Gold explores how these two fields revealed themselves, informing striking revelations in the other. This book beautifully mends the tear between science and metaphor.” — Eric Wilson, Department of English, Wake Forest University


history of science/physics sociology/economic history

Arnold Sommerfeld and the Practice of Theory, 1890–1926 Suman Seth
Arnold Sommerfeld (1868–1951) was among the most significant contributors to the birth of modern theoretical physics. At the University of Munich, beginning in 1906, he trained two generaAn intellectual and tions of theoretical physicists. cultural history of the birth of theoretical Eight of his students (among physics in Germany. them Werner Heisenberg, Wolfgang Pauli, and Hans Bethe) went on to win the Nobel Prize. In Crafting the Quantum, Suman Seth offers the first English-language book-length study of Sommerfeld’s work, presenting an intellectual and cultural history of theoretical physics in Germany viewed through the lens of Sommerfeld’s research and pedagogy. Seth examines the practical origins of many of the problems undertaken by Sommerfeld and his school, a number of which carried over from his years of teaching at an engineering school. Some of this research was later applied by his students during World War I to such problems as the stability of aircraft wings and the functioning and directional operation of antennas. Seth describes in detail Sommerfeld’s pedagogical practice, including his characteristic amalgamation of research and teaching. He relates the history of the “older” quantum theory and Sommerfeld’s engagement with the work of Max Planck and Niels Bohr and compares Sommerfeld’s “physics of problems” to Planck’s and Bohr’s more abstract “physics of principles.” To illuminate the nature of Sommerfeld’s work, Seth offers detailed descriptions of the contrasting work of other theorists. Seth’s innovative account challenges idealist depictions of the nature of theoretical work in physics, describing not only modes of practice but also the multiple areas of intellectual, political, and social life from which science draws resources and to which it contributes.
Suman Seth is Assistant Professor in the Department of Science and Technology Studies at Cornell University. March — 7 x 9, 376 pp. — 24 illus. $32.00S/£23.95 cloth 978-0-262-01373-4 Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology

Reproduction and Human Agency in Europe and Asia, 1700–1900 Noriko O. Tsuya, Wang Feng, George Alter, James Z. Lee, et al.
This pioneering study reconceptualizes the impact of social organizations, economic conditions, and human agency on human reproduction A study of human in preindustrial communities reproduction and in Europe and Asia. Unlike social organization in preindustrial previous studies, in which communities that Asia is measured by European reveals important standards, Prudence and Pressure similarities between develops a Eurasian perspecEurope and Asia. tive. Drawing on rich new data and the tools of event-history analysis, the authors challenge the accepted Eurocentric Malthusian view that attributes “prudence” (smaller families due to late marriage) to the preindustrial West and “pressure” (high mortality due to overpopulation) to the East, showing instead important similarities between Europe and Asia in human motivation and population behavior. The authors analyze age, gender, family and household, kinship, social class and power, religion, culture, and economic resources in order to compare reproductive strategies and outcomes. They reveal underlying similarities between East and West in two major components of the reproductive regime — marriage and childbearing — and offer evidence showing that preindustrial reproduction was motivated and governed by human agency at least as much as by human biology.
Noriko O. Tsuya is Professor of Economics at Keio University, Tokyo. Wang Feng is Professor and Chair of Sociology at the University of California, Irvine. George Alter is Professor of History at the University of Michigan. James Z. Lee is Professor and Dean of the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. February — 6 x 9, 416 pp. — 33 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01352-9 Eurasian Population and Family History series

Also available in this series LIFE UNDER PRESSURE Mortality and Living Standards in Europe and Asia, 1700 –1900 Tommy Bengtsson, Cameron Campbell, and James Z. Lee 2009, 978-0-262-51243-5 $23.00S/£16.95 paper


science/evolution science/evolution

The Modern Synthesis
The Definitive Edition

edited by Massimo Pigliucci and Gerd B. Müller
In the six decades since the publication of Julian Huxley’s Evolution: The Modern Synthesis, the spectacular empirical advances in the biological sciences have been accompanied by equally significant developments within the core theoretical Prominent evolutionary framework of the discipline. biologists and philosophers of As a result, evolutionary theory science survey recent today includes concepts and work that expands even entire new fields that the core theoretical framework underlying were not part of the foundathe biological sciences. tional structure of the Modern Synthesis. In this volume, sixteen leading evolutionary biologists and philosophers of science survey the conceptual changes that have emerged since Huxley’s landmark publication, not only in such traditional domains of evolutionary biology as quantitative genetics and paleontology but also in such new fields of research as genomics and EvoDevo. Most of the contributors to Evolution — the Extended Synthesis accept many of the tenets of the classical framework but want to relax some of its assumptions and introduce significant conceptual augmentations of the basic Modern Synthesis structure — just as the architects of the Modern Synthesis themselves expanded and modulated previous versions of Darwinism. This continuing revision of a theoretical edifice the foundations of which were laid in the middle of the nineteenth century — the reexamination of old ideas, proposals of new ones, and the synthesis of the most suitable — shows us how science works, and how scientists have painstakingly built a solid set of explanations for what Darwin called the “grandeur” of life.
Massimo Pigliucci is Professor of Philosophy at the City University of New York. Gerd B. Müller is Professor of Theoretical Biology at the University of Vienna and Chairman of the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research. April — 6 x 9, 504 pp. — 52 illus.

Julian Huxley with a new foreword by Massimo Pigliucci and Gerd B. Müller
This classic work by Julian Huxley, first published in 1942, captured and synthesized The definitive edition all that was then known about of one of the most evolutionary biology and important scientific books of the twentieth gave a name to the Modern century, setting out the Synthesis, the conceptual conceptual structure structure underlying the field underlying evolutionary biology. for most of the twentieth century. Many considered Huxley’s book a popularization of the ideas then emerging in evolutionary biology, but in fact Evolution: The Modern Synthesis is a work of serious scholarship that is also accessible to the general educated public. It is a book in the intellectual tradition of Charles Darwin and Thomas Henry Huxley — Julian Huxley’s grandfather, known for his energetic championing of Darwin’s ideas. A contemporary reviewer called Evolution: The Modern Synthesis “the outstanding evolutionary treatise of the decade, perhaps the century.” This definitive edition brings one of the most important and successful scientific books of the twentieth century back into print. It includes the entire text of the 1942 edition, Huxley’s introduction to the 1963 second edition (which demonstrates his continuing command of the field), and the introduction to the 1974 third edition, written by nine experts (many of them Huxley’s associates) from different areas of evolutionary biology.
Julian Huxley (1887–1975), an English evolutionary biologist, was a prolific author and the leading figure in the mid-twentieth century effort to develop the modern synthesis of evolutionary theory. He was the first director of UNESCO, a founding member of the World Wildlife Fund, and the recipient of UNESCO’s Kalinga Prize for the popularization of science in 1953, the Darwin Medal of the Royal Society in 1956, and the Darwin-Wallace Medal of the Linnean Society in 1958. March — 6 x 9, 784 pp. — 2 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 paper 978-0-262-51366-1

$40.00S/£29.95 paper 978-0-262-51367-8


political science/international security environment/political science

States and Non-State Actors in Conflict edited by Erica Chenoweth and Adria Lawrence foreword by Stathis Kalyvas
Although major wars between sovereign states have become rare, contemporary world politics has been rife with internal conflict, ethnic cleansing, and violence against civilians. This book asks An original argument how, why, and when states and about the causes and consequences non-state actors use violence of political violence against one another, and examand the range of ines the effectiveness of various strategies employed. forms of political violence. In the process of addressing these issues, the essays make two conceptual moves that illustrate the need to reconsider the way violence by states and non-state actors has typically been studied and understood. The first is to think of violence not as dichotomous, as either present or absent, but to consider the wide range of nonviolent and violent options available and ask why actors come to embrace particular strategies. The second is to explore the dynamic nature of violent conflicts, developing explanations that can account for the eruption of violence at particular moments in time. The arguments focus on how changes in the balance of power between and among states and non-state actors generate uncertainty and threat, thereby creating an environment conducive to violence. This innovative way of understanding violence deemphasizes the role of ethnic cleavages and nationalism in modern conflict.
Erica Chenoweth is Assistant Professor of Government at Wesleyan University and an Associate of the Belfer Center at Harvard Kennedy School. Adria Lawrence is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Yale University and a Research Fellow at Yale’s McMillan Center for International and Area Studies.

Challenges of Multilevel Management Henrik Selin
The challenges posed by managing hazardous chemicals cross boundaries, jurisdictions, and constituencies. Since the 1960s, a chemicals regime — a multitude of formally independent but functionally An analysis of the regime for the related treaties and programs — management of has been in continuous develhazardous chemicals, opment, as states and organihighlighting the insights zations collaborate at different it provides for effective multilevel governance governance levels to mitigate in other areas. the health and environmental problems caused by hazardous chemicals. In this book, Henrik Selin analyzes the development, implementation, and future of the chemicals regime. Selin focuses his analysis on three themes: coalition building in support of policy change; the diffusion of regime components across policy venues; and the influence of institutional linkages on the design and effectiveness of multilevel governance efforts. He provides in-depth empirical studies of the four multilateral treaties that form the core of the chemicals regime: the Basel Convention (1989), which regulates the transboundary movement and disposal of hazardous wastes; the Rotterdam Convention (1998), which governs the international trade in chemicals; the CLRTAP POPs Protocol (1998), designed to reduce the release and transnational transport of emissions of persistent organic pollutants; and the Stockholm Convention (2001), which targets the production, use, trade, and disposal of persistent organic pollutants. Selin’s analysis of these linkages in the chemicals regime offers valuable theoretical and policy-relevant insights into the growing institutional density in global governance.
Henrik Selin is Assistant Professor in the Department of International Relations at Boston University. He is the coeditor, with Stacy VanDeveer, of Changing Climates in North American Politics: Institutions, Policymaking, and Multilevel Governance (MIT Press, 2009). March — 6 x 9, 240 pp. $22.00S/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51390-6 $44.00S/£32.95 cloth 978-0-262-01395-6 Politics, Science, and the Environment series

“This pathbreaking collection forcefully destroys old paradigms and provides important new optics through which to study violence in war.” — Robert I. Rotberg, Director of the Program on Intrastate Conflict and Conflict Resolution, Harvard Kennedy School
April — 6 1/8 x 9 1/4, 400 pp. $25.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51428-6 $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01420-5 Belfer Center Studies in International Security


environment/public policy economics/political science

edited by David M. Driesen
The United States, once a world leader in addressing international environmental challenges, became a vigorous opponent of action on climate change over the past two decades, repudiating regulation and promoting only ineffectual voluntary actions to Experts examine how reliance on free markets meet a growing global threat. contributed to the Why has the United States U.S. failure to address failed so utterly to address the climate change and most pressing environmental offer recommendations for new ideas to guide issue of the age? This book policy. argues that the failure arose from an unyielding ideological stance that embraced free markets and viewed government action as anathema. The most notorious result of this hands-off approach was the financial meltdown of late 2008; but strict reliance on free markets also hobbled government policymakers’ response to the challenge of global warming. This book explores the relationship between freemarket fundamentalism and U.S. inaction on climate change and offers recommendations for new approaches that can lead to effective climate-change policy and improve environmental, health, and safety policies in general. After describing the evolution of U.S. climate change policy and the influence of neoliberal economic thought, the book takes up the question of what ideas might supersede the neoliberal reliance on cost-benefit analysis, overly broad market-based mechanisms, and rejection of precautionary approaches and environmental justice concerns. With a new administration in Washington, the need for a new policy framework is acute; this book supplies a timely guide to the kinds of policies that are most promising.
David M. Driesen is University Professor at Syracuse University College of Law. He is the author of The Economic Dynamics of Environmental Law (MIT Press, 2003), winner of the 2004 Lynton Keith Caldwell Award for best book on environmental policy, presented by the American Political Science Association. May — 6 x 9, 352 pp. — 3 illus. $24.00S/£17.95 paper 978-0-262-54198-5 $48.00S/£35.95 cloth 978-0-262-04252-9 American and Comparative Environmental Policy series

Private Investment without Public Commitment edited by William Hogan and Federico Sturzenegger
Volatility in commodity prices has been accompanied by perpetual renegotiation of contracts between private investors in natural resource Experts discuss the production and the governcontractual instability resulting from commodity ments of states with mineral price volatility and and energy wealth. When its effect on private prices skyrocket, governments investment and public want a larger share of revenues, involvement. sometimes to the point of nationalization or expropriation; when prices fall, larger state participation becomes a burden and the private sector is called back in. Recent and newsworthy changes in the price of oil (which fell from an all-time high of $147 in mid-2008 to $40 by year’s end) are notable for their speed and the steepness of their rise and fall, but the up-and-down pattern itself is not unusual. If the unpredictability of commodity prices is so predictable, why do contracts not allow for this with mechanisms that would provide a more stable commercial framework? In The Natural Resources Trap, top scholars address this question in terms of both theory and practice. Theoretical contributions range across a number of fields, from contract theory to public finance, and treat topics that include taxation, royalties, and expropriation cycles. Case studies examine experiences in the U.K., Bolivia, Argentina, Venezuela, and other parts of the world
CONTRIBUTORS Philippe Aghion, George-Marios Angeletos, Fernando Candia Castillo, Rafael Di Tella, Juan Dubra, Eduardo Engel, Ramón Espinasa, Ronald Fischer, Jeffrey Frankel, Nicolás Gadano, Dieter Helm, William Hogan, Robert MacCulloch, Osmel Manzano, Francisco Monaldi, Bijan Mossavar-Rahmani, Erich Muehlegger, Fernando H. Navajas, Robert Pindyck, Lucía Quesada, Roberto Rigobon, Eduardo Schwartz, Federico Sturzenegger, Lawrence Summers, Laurence Tai, Michael Tomz, Anders Trolle, Louis Wells, Nils Wernerfelt, Mark Wright, Richard Zeckhauser, Jeromin Zettelmeyer
William Hogan is Raymond Plank Professor of Global Energy Policy at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. Federico Sturzenegger is President of the Banco Ciudad de Buenos Aires. He is the coauthor, with Jeromin Zettelmeyer, of Debt Defaults and Lessons from a Decade of Crises (MIT Press, 2007). June — 6 x 9, 520 pp. — 43 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01379-6



Second Edition

Beatriz Armendáriz and Jonathan Morduch
The microfinance revolution has allowed more than 150 million poor people around the world to receive small loans without collateral, build up assets, and buy insurance. The idea that providing access to reliable and affordable financial services can have powerful economic and social effects has captured the imagination of policymakers, activists, bankers, and researchers around the world; the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize went to microfinance pioneer Muhammed Yunis and Grameen Bank of Bangladesh. This book offers an accessible and engaging analysis of the global expansion of financial markets in poor communities. It introduces readers to the key ideas driving microfinance, integrating theory with empirical data and addressing a range of issues, including savings and insurance, the role of women, impact measurement, and management incentives. This second edition has been updated throughout to reflect the latest data. A new chapter on commercialization describes the rapid growth in investment in microfinance institutions and the tensions inherent in the efforts to meet both social and financial objectives. The chapters on credit contracts, savings and insurance, and gender have been expanded substantially; a new section in the chapter on impact measurement describes the growing importance of randomized controlled trials; and the chapter on managing microfinance offers a new perspective on governance issues in transforming institutions. Appendixes and problem sets cover technical material.
Beatriz Armendáriz is a Lecturer in Economics in the Department of Economics at Harvard University, a Senior Lecturer on leave from University College London, and coeditor of The Microfinance Handbook. Jonathan Morduch is Professor of Public Policy and Economics at New York University’s Wagner Graduate School of Public Service. He is a coauthor of Portfolios of the Poor: How the World’s Poor Live on $2 a Day. An accessible analysis of the global expansion of financial markets in poor communities, incorporating the latest thinking and evidence.

May 6 x 9, 456 pp. 18 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 paper 978-0-262-51398-2 $70.00S/£51.95 cloth 978-0-262-01410-6


“An excellent analysis of the evolution of microfinance and the economic theory behind it. . . .Though the style is that of a textbook, including exercises and numerical examples, the text is well written and an excellent source for economists who want to learn about this topic.” — Branko Milanovich, Times Higher Education Supplement


economics/political science economics/Internet studies

Itzhak Gilboa
This book offers a rigorous, concise, and nontechnical introduction to some of the fundamental insights of rational choice theory. It draws on formal theories of microeconomics, decision making, games, and social choice, and on ideas developed in philosophy, psychology, and sociology. A nontechnical, Itzhak Gilboa argues that concise, and rigorous introduction to economic theory has provided the rational choice a set of powerful models and paradigm, focusing broad insights that have on basic insights changed the way we think applicable in fields ranging from economics about everyday life. He focuses to philosophy. on basic insights of the rational choice paradigm — the general conceptualization rather than a particular theory — that survive recent (and well-justified) critiques of economic theory’s various failures. Gilboa explains the main concepts in language accessible to the nonspecialist, offering a nonmathematical guide to some of the main ideas developed in economic theory in the second half of the twentieth century. Chapters cover feasibility and desirability, utility maximization, constrained optimization, expected utility, probability and statistics, aggregation of preferences, games and equilibria, free markets, and rationality and emotions. Online appendixes offer a survey of relevant mathematical concepts, a rigorous exposition of the formal models described in the book, exercises and problems, and solutions. These materials are useful supplements to the book for classroom use.
Itzhak Gilboa is Professor of Economics and Decision Sciences at HEC (École des Hautes Études Commerciales), Paris, and Professor of Economics at Berglas School of Economics, Tel Aviv University. He is the coauthor (with David Schmeidler) of Theory of Case-Based Decisions and the author of Theory of Decision under Uncertainty. April — 6 x 9, 200 pp. — 7 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01400-7

Barbara van Schewick
The Internet’s remarkable growth has been fueled by innovation. New applications continually enable new ways of using the Internet, and new physical networking technologies increase the range of networks over which the Internet can run. A detailed examination Questions about the relationof how the underlying technical structure of ship between innovation and the Internet affects the the Internet’s architecture economic environment have shaped the debates over for innovation and the implications for public open access to broadband policy. networks, network neutrality, nondiscriminatory network management, and future Internet architecture. In Internet Architecture and Innovation, Barbara van Schewick explores the economic consequences of Internet architecture, offering a detailed analysis of how it affects the economic environment for innovation. Van Schewick describes the design principles on which the Internet’s original architecture was based — modularity, layering, and the end-to-end arguments — and shows how they shaped the original architecture of the Internet. She analyzes in detail how the original Internet architecture affected innovation — in particular, the development of new applications — and the how changing the architecture would affect this kind of innovation. Van Schewick concludes that the original architecture of the Internet fostered application innovation. Current changes that deviate from the Internet’s original design principles reduce the amount and quality of application innovation, limit users’ ability to use the Internet as they see fit, and threaten the Internet’s ability to realize its economic, social, cultural, and political potential. If left to themselves, network providers will continue to change the internal structure of the Internet in ways that are good for them but not necessarily for the rest of us. Government intervention may be needed to save the social benefits associated with the Internet’s original design principles.
Barbara van Schewick is Assistant Professor at Stanford Law School, Director of Stanford Law School’s Center for Internet and Society, and Assistant Professor (by courtesy) of Electrical Engineering in Stanford University’s Department of Electrical Engineering. July — 6 x 9, 560 pp. — 29 illus. $45.00S/£33.95 cloth 978-0-262-01397-0


economics economics

Microeconomic Structure and Macroeconomic Implications Robert C. Feenstra
In the early 1990s, trade and labor economists, noting the fall in wages for low-skilled workers relative to high-skilled workers, began to An elegant synthesis debate the impact of trade on of key research on the globalization of wages. This debate — which production and its led to a sometimes heated relation to wage exchange on the role of trade movements. versus the role of technological change in explaining wage movements — continues today, with the focus now shifting to workers in the middle of the wage distribution. In Offshoring in the Global Economy, noted economist Robert Feenstra offers a synthesis of fifteen years of research — linking his own work to related research by others — on the globalization of production and its relation to wage movements. Feenstra first contrasts the views of trade economists Paul Krugman and Edward Leamer, who both relied (to different ends) on the Heckscher–Ohlin model. He then examines the new type of trade models focusing on the transfer of production processes across countries. Feenstra suggests a new calculation of the factor content of trade that demonstrates the durability of the Heckscher–Ohlin model. Feenstra then examines the macroeconomics of offshoring, focusing on business cycle volatility, prices, and productivity. Finally, he discusses the broader implications of both empirical and theoretical work on offshoring and suggests directions for future research.
Robert C. Feenstra is Professor of Economics and C. Bryan Cameron Distinguished Chair in International Economics at the University of California, Davis. He directs the International Trade and Investment Program at the National Bureau of Economic Research and is the author of Advanced International Trade: Theory and Evidence. February — 5 3/8 x 8, 160 pp. — 26 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01383-3 Ohlin Lectures series

Ulrich Volz foreword by Koichi Hamada
East Asian countries were notably uninterested in regional monetary integration until the late 1990s, when the Asian financial crisis An investigation into monetary cooperation revealed the fragility of the in East Asia that region’s exchange rate arrangeexamines options ments and highlighted the ranging from informal need for a stronger regional policy coordination to the introduction of a financial architecture. Since common currency. then, the countries of East Asia have begun taking steps to explore monetary and financial cooperation, establishing such initiatives as regular consultations among finance ministers and central bank governors and the pooling of foreign exchange reserves. In this book, Ulrich Volz investigates the prospects for monetary cooperation and integration in East Asia, using state-of-the-art theoretical and empirical tools to analyze the most promising policy options. Volz recommends a gradual approach toward monetary integration in East Asia, one that pursues less extensive forms of monetary cooperation before tackling such highly challenging projects as a regional exchange rate system or a regional monetary union. This would allow East Asian countries to develop an integrationist spirit and gain experience in cooperation. After providing an in-depth analysis of the costs and benefits of monetary integration, Volz examines different options for East Asian countries. He then proposes a strategy whereby countries first opt for a managed float of exchange rates guided by a regional currency basket into which an “Asian currency unit” is introduced as a virtual parallel currency to circulate alongside national currencies.
Ulrich Volz is Senior Economist at the German Development Institute. May — 6 x 9, 416 pp. — 27 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01399-4


economics mathematics/finance

Third Edition

A Math Toolkit Robert R. Reitano
This text offers an accessible yet rigorous development of many of the fields of mathematics necessary for success in investment and quantitative finance, covering topics applicable to portfolio An introduction to many mathematical theory, investment banking, topics applicable to option pricing, investment, and quantitative finance insurance risk management. that teaches how to The approach emphasizes the “think in mathematics” rather than simply do mathematical framework promathematics by rote. vided by each mathematical discipline, and the application of each framework to the solution of finance problems. It emphasizes the thought process and mathematical approach taken to develop each result instead of the memorization of formulas to be applied (or misapplied) automatically. The objective is to provide a deep level of understanding of the relevant mathematical theory and tools that can then be effectively used in practice, to teach students how to “think in mathematics” rather than simply to do mathematics by rote. Each chapter covers an area of mathematics such as mathematical logic, Euclidean and other spaces, set theory and topology, sequences and series, probability theory, and calculus, in each case presenting only material that is most important and relevant for quantitative finance. Each chapter includes finance applications that demonstrate the relevance of the material presented. Problem sets are offered on both the mathematical theory and the finance applications sections of each chapter. A solutions manual for students provides solutions to the book’s Practice Exercises; an instructor’s manual offers solutions to the Assignment Exercises as well as other materials.
Robert R. Reitano is Professor of the Practice in Finance at Brandeis University’s International Business School. He was formerly Executive Vice President and Chief Investment Strategist of John Hancock/Manulife. March — 7 x 9, 736 pp. — 31 illus.

Carl E. Walsh
This text presents a comprehensive treatment of the most important topics in monetary economics, focusing on the primary models monetary economists have employed to address topics in theory and policy. It covers the basic theoretical A new edition of approaches, shows how to do the leading text in monetary economics, simulation work with the moda comprehensive els, and discusses the full range treatment revised and of frictions that economists enhanced with new have studied to understand the material reflecting recent advances in impacts of monetary policy. the field. Among the topics presented are money-in-the-utility function, cash-in-advance, and search models of money; informational, portfolio, and nominal rigidities; credit frictions; the open economy; and issues of monetary policy, including discretion and commitment, policy analysis in new Keynesian models, and monetary operating procedures. The use of models based on dynamic optimization and nominal rigidities in consistent general equilibrium frameworks, relatively new when introduced to students in the first edition of this popular text, has since become the method of choice of monetary policy analysis. This third edition reflects the latest advances in the field, incorporating new or expanded material on such topics as monetary search equilibria, sticky information, adaptive learning, state-contingent pricing models, and channel systems for implementing monetary policy. Much of the material on policy analysis has been reorganized to reflect the dominance of the new Keynesian approach. Monetary Theory and Policy continues to be the only comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of monetary economics, not only the leading text in the field but also the standard reference for academics and central bank researchers.
Carl E. Walsh is Professor of Economics at the University of California, Santa Cruz. He is coeditor of the International Journal of Central Banking and Visiting Scholar at the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. May — 7 x 9, 632 pp. $80.00S/£43.95 cloth 978-0-262-01377-2

$80.00S/£49.95 cloth 978-0-262-01369-7 STUDENT SOLUTIONS MANUAL TO ACCOMPANY INTRODUCTION TO QUANTITATIVE FINANCE A Math Toolkit Robert R. Reitano March — 8 1/2 x 11, 146 pp. $21.95S/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51434-7


mathematics science/education

The Art of Educated Guessing and Opportunistic Problem Solving Sanjoy Mahajan foreword by Carver A. Mead
In problem solving, as in street fighting, rules are for fools: do whatever works — don’t just stand there! Yet we often fear an unjustified An antidote to leap, even though it may mathematical rigor land us on a correct result. mortis, teaching how to guess answers Traditional mathematics teachwithout needing a ing is largely about solving proof or an exact exactly stated problems exactly, calculation. yet life often hands us partly defined problems needing only moderately accurate solutions. This engaging book is an antidote to the rigor mortis brought on by too much mathematical rigor, teaching us how to guess answers without needing a proof or an exact calculation. In Street-Fighting Mathematics, Sanjoy Mahajan builds, sharpens, and demonstrates tools for educated guessing and down-and-dirty, opportunistic problem solving across diverse fields of knowledge — from mathematics to management. Mahajan describes six tools: dimensional analysis, easy cases, lumping, picture proofs, successive approximation, and reasoning by analogy. Illustrating each tool with numerous examples, he carefully separates the tool — the general principle — from the particular application, so that the reader can most easily grasp the tool itself to use on problems of particular interest. Street-Fighting Mathematics grew out of a short course taught by the author at MIT for students ranging from first-year undergraduates to graduate students ready for careers in physics, mathematics, management, electrical engineering, computer science, and biology. They benefited from an approach that avoided rigor and taught them how to use mathematics to solve real problems. Street-Fighting Mathematics will appear in print and online under a Creative Commons Noncommercial Share Alike license.
Sanjoy Mahajan studied mathematics at the University of Oxford and received a PhD in theoretical physics at Cal Tech. He is now Associate Director of the Teaching and Learning Laboratory and a Lecturer in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT. March — 7 x 9, 152 pp. — 95 illus. $25.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51429-3

Case Studies from MIT Mya Poe, Neal Lerner, and Jennifer Craig foreword by James Paradis
To many science and engineering students, the task of writing may seem irrelevant to their future professional careers. At MIT, however, stuCase studies and dents discover that writing pedagogical strategies to help science and about their technical work is engineering students important not only in solving improve their writing real-world problems but also and speaking skills while developing in developing their profesprofessional identities. sional identities. MIT puts into practice the belief that “engineers who don’t write well end up working for engineers who do write well,” requiring all students to take “communications-intensive” classes in which they learn from MIT faculty and writing instructors how to express their ideas in writing and in presentations. Students are challenged not only to think like professional scientists and engineers but also to communicate like them. This book offers in-depth case studies and pedagogical strategies from a range of science and engineering communication-intensive classes at MIT. It traces the progress of seventeen students from diverse backgrounds in seven classes that span five departments. Undergraduates in biology attempt to turn scientific findings into a research article; graduate students learn to define their research for scientific grant writing; undergraduates in biomedical engineering learn to use data as evidence; and students in aeronautic and astronautic engineering learn to communicate collaboratively. Each case study is introduced by a description of its theoretical and curricular context and an outline of the objectives for the students’ activities. The studies describe the on-the-ground realities of working with faculty, staff, and students to achieve communication and course goals, offering lessons that can be easily applied to a wide variety of settings and institutions.
Mya Poe is Director of Technical Communication, Neal Lerner is Director of Training in Communication Instruction, and Jennifer Craig is Lecturer in Writing Across the Curriculum in MIT’s Program in Writing and Humanistic Studies. March — 7 x 9, 272 pp. — 9 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-16247-0


education/media education/media

Learning Institutions in a Digital Age Cathy N. Davidson and David Theo Goldberg with the assistance of Zoë Marie Jones
Over the past two decades, the way we learn has changed dramatically. We have new sources of information and new ways to exchange and to interact with How traditional learning information. But our schools institutions can become and the way we teach have as innovative, flexible, remained largely the same robust, and collaborative for years, even centuries. as the best social What happens to traditional networking sites. educational institutions when learning also takes place on a vast range of Internet sites, from Pokemon Web pages to Wikipedia? This report investigates how traditional learning institutions can become as innovative, flexible, robust, and collaborative as the best social networking sites. The authors propose an alternative definition of “institution” as a “mobilizing network” — emphasizing its flexibility, the permeability of its boundaries, its interactive productivity, and its potential as a catalyst for change — and explore the implications for higher education. The Future of Thinking reports on innovative, virtual institutions. It also uses the idea of a virtual institution both as part of its subject matter and as part of its process: the first draft was hosted on a Web site for collaborative feedback and writing. The authors use this experiment in participatory writing as a test case for virtual institutions, learning institutions, and a new form of collaborative authorship. The finished version is still posted and open for comment. This book is the full-length report of the project, which was summarized in an earlier MacArthur volume, The Future of Learning Institutions in a Digital Age.
Cathy N. Davidson is John Hope Franklin Humanities Institute Professor of Interdisciplinary Studies and Ruth F. Devarney Professor of English at Duke University. David Theo Goldberg is Director of the University of California Humanities Research Institute. March — 5 3/8 x 8, 320 pp. — 44 illus. $17.00S/£12.95 paper 978-0-262-51374-6 The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media and Learning

James Paul Gee
In this report, noted scholar James Paul Gee discusses the evolution of digital media and learning (DMAL) from its infancy as an “acadeA proposal to move the academic study mic area” into a more organized of digital media and field or coherent discipline. learning toward more Distinguishing among acacoherence. demic areas, fields, disciplinary specializations, and thematic disciplines, Gee describes other academic areas that have fallen into these categories or developed into established disciplines. He argues that DMAL will not evolve until a real coherence develops through collaboration and the accumulation of shared knowledge. Gee offers a concrete proposal of one way scholars in DMAL could move the area forward to a more cohesive, integrated, and collaborative enterprise: the production of what he terms “worked examples.” In Gee’s sense of a worked example, scholars attempting to build the new area of DMAL would publicly display their methods of valuing and thinking about a specific problem, proposing them as examples of “good work” in order to engender debate about what such work in DMAL might come to look like and what shape the area itself might take. The goal would not be for the proposed approach to become the accepted one but for it to become fodder for new work and collaboration. Gee concludes by offering a sample worked example that illustrates his proposal.
James Paul Gee is Mary Lou Fulton Presidential Professor of Literacy Studies at Arizona State University. He is the author of Social Linguistics and Literacies, a foundational work in the field of New Literacy Studies, and Why Video Games Are Good For Your Soul. March — 5 3/8 x 8, 92pp. — 3 illus. $14.00S/£10.95 paper 978-0-262-51369-2 The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media and Learning

The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media and Learning, published by the MIT Press, present findings from current research on how young people learn, play, socialize, and participate in civic life. The Reports result from research projects funded by the MacArthur Foundation as part of its $50 million initiative in digital media and learning. They are published openly online (as well as in print) in order to support broad dissemination and to stimulate further research in the field.


computer-human interaction art/new media

Sociable Spaces and Pervasive Digital Media Richard Coyne
How do pervasive digital devices — smartphones, iPods, GPS navigation systems, and cameras, among others — influence the way we use spaces? In The Tuning of Place, Richard Coyne argues that these ubiquitous devices and the How pervasive digital devices — smartphones, networks that support them iPods, GPS navigation become the means of making systems, and their incremental adjustments networks — help us within spaces — of tuning formulate a sense place. Pervasive media help of place and refine social relationships. us formulate a sense of place, writes Coyne, through their capacity to introduce small changes, in the same way that tuning a musical instrument invokes the subtle process of recalibration. Places are inhabited spaces, populated by people, their concerns, memories, stories, conversations, encounters, and artifacts. The tuning of place — whereby people use their devices in their interactions with one another — is also a tuning of social relations. The range of ubiquity is vast — from the familiar phones and hand-held devices through RFID tags, smart badges, dynamic signage, microprocessors in cars and kitchen appliances, wearable computing, and prosthetics, to devices still in development. Rather than catalog achievements and predictions, Coyne offers a theoretical framework for discussing pervasive media that can inform developers, designers, and users as they contemplate interventions into the environment. Processes of tuning can lead to consideration of themes highly relevant to pervasive computing: intervention, calibration, wedges, habits, rhythm, tags, taps, tactics, thresholds, aggregation, noise, and interference.
Richard Coyne is Professor and Chair of Architectural Computing at the University of Edinburgh. He is the author of Designing Information Technology in the Postmodern Age: From Method to Metaphor (1995), Technoromanticism: Digital Narrative, Holism, and the Romance of the Real (2001), and Cornucopia Limited: Design and Dissent on the Internet (2005), all published by the MIT Press. May — 6 x 9, 344 pp. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01391-8

Technology and the Transformation of Performance Chris Salter foreword by Peter Sellars
This ambitious and comprehensive book explores technology’s influence on artistic performance practices in the twentieth and twenty-first How technologies, centuries. In Entangled, Chris from the mechanical Salter shows that technologies, to the computational, have transformed from the mechanical to the artistic performance computational — from a “balpractices. let of objects and lights” staged by Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes in 1917 to contemporary technologically-enabled “responsive environments” — have been entangled with performance across a wide range of disciplines. Salter examines the rich and extensive history of performance experimentation in theater, music, dance, the visual and media arts, architecture, and other fields; explores the political, social, and economic context for the adoption of technological practices in art; and shows that these practices have a set of common histories despite their disciplinary borders. Each chapter in Entangled focuses on a different form: theater scenography, architecture, video and image making, music and sound composition, bodybased arts, mechanical and robotic art, and interactive environments constructed for research, festivals, and participatory urban spaces. Salter’s exhaustive survey and analysis shows that performance traditions have much to teach other emerging practices — in particular in the burgeoning fields of new media. Students of digital art need to master not only electronics and code but also dramaturgy, lighting, sound, and scenography. Entangled will serve as an invaluable reference for students, researchers, and artists as well as a handbook for future praxis.
Chris Salter is an artist and Assistant Professor of Design and Computation Arts at Concordia University, Montreal. His works, large-scale multimedia environments, have been exhibited worldwide. March — 7 x 9, 480 pp.— 78 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-19588-1


computer science/machine learning computer science/robotics

Second Edition

Elisha Sacks and Leo Joskowicz
This book presents the configuration space method for computer-aided design of mechanisms with changing part contacts. Configuration space is a complete and compact geometric representaA novel algorithmic approach to mechanism tion of part motions and part design based on a interactions that supports the geometric representation core mechanism design tasks of kinematic function of analysis, synthesis, and tolcalled configuration space partitions. erancing. It is the first general algorithmic treatment of the kinematics of higher pairs with changing contacts. It will help designers detect and correct design flaws and unexpected kinematic behaviors, as demonstrated in the book’s four case studies taken from industry. After presenting the configuration space framework and algorithms for mechanism kinematics, the authors describe algorithms for kinematic analysis, tolerancing, and synthesis based on configuration spaces. The case studies follow, illustrating the application of the configuration space method to the analysis and design of automotive, micro-mechanical, and optical mechanisms. Appendixes offer a catalog of higher-pair mechanisms and a description of HIPAIR, an open source C++ mechanical design system that implements some of the configuration space methods described in the book, including configuration space visualization and kinematic simulation. HIPAIR comes with an interactive graphical user interface and many sample mechanism input files. The Configuration Space Method for Kinematic Design of Mechanisms will be a valuable resource for students, researchers, and engineers in mechanical engineering, computer science, and robotics.
Elisha Sacks is Professor of Computer Science at Purdue University. Leo Joskowicz is Professor at the School of Engineering and Computer Science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. April — 6 x 9, 200 pp. — 159 illus.

Ethem Alpaydın
The goal of machine learning is to program computers to use example data or past experience to solve a given problem. Many successful applications of machine learning exist already, including A new edition of systems that analyze past an introductory text in machine learning sales data to predict customer that gives a unified behavior, optimize robot treatment of machine behavior so that a task can be learning problems completed using minimum and solutions. resources, and extract knowledge from bioinformatics data. The second edition of Introduction to Machine Learning is a comprehensive textbook on the subject, covering a broad array of topics not usually included in introductory machine learning texts. In order to present a unified treatment of machine learning problems and solutions, it discusses many methods from different fields, including statistics, pattern recognition, neural networks, artificial intelligence, signal processing, control, and data mining. All learning algorithms are explained so that the student can easily move from the equations in the book to a computer program. The text covers such topics as supervised learning, Bayesian decision theory, parametric methods, multivariate methods, multilayer perceptrons, local models, hidden Markov models, assessing and comparing classification algorithms, and reinforcement learning. New to the second edition are chapters on kernel machines, graphical models, and Bayesian estimation; expanded coverage of statistical tests in a chapter on design and analysis of machine learning experiments; case studies available on the Web (with downloadable results for instructors); and many additional exercises. All chapters have been revised and updated.
Ethem Alpaydın is a Professor in the Department of Computer Engineering at Bogaziçi University, Istanbul. February — 8 x 9, 584 pp. — 172 illus. $55.00S/£40.95 cloth 978-0-262-01243-0 Adaptive Computation and Machine Learning series

$35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01389-5


robotics philosophy/linguistics/artificial intelligence

An Introduction Kasper Stoy, David Brandt, and David J. Christensen
Self-reconfigurable robots are constructed of robotic modules that can be connected in many different ways. These modules move in relationship to each other, which allows the robot as a A comprehensive survey whole to change shape. This of the growing field of self-reconfigurable shapeshifting makes it possible robots that discusses for the robots to adapt and the history of the field, optimize their shapes for difdesign considerations, ferent tasks. Thus, a self-reconand control strategies. figurable robot can first assume the shape of a rolling track to cover distance quickly, then the shape of a snake to explore a narrow space, and finally the shape of a hexapod to carry an artifact back to the starting point. The field of self-reconfigurable robots has seen significant progress over the last twenty years, and this book collects and synthesizes existing research previously only available in widely scattered individual papers, offering an accessible guide to the latest information on self-reconfigurable robots for researchers and students interested in the field. Self-Reconfigurable Robots focuses on conveying the intuition behind the design and control of selfreconfigurable robots rather than technical details. Suggestions for further reading refer readers to the underlying sources of technical information. The book includes descriptions of existing robots and a brief history of the field; discussion of module design considerations, including module geometry, connector design, and computing and communication infrastructure; an in-depth presentation of strategies for controlling self-reconfiguration and locomotion; and exploration of future research challenges.
Kasper Stoy is Associate Professor at the Maersk Mc-Kinney Moller Institute at the University of Southern Denmark, where he is Codirector of the Modular Robotics Lab. David Brandt and David J. Christensen are postdoctoral researchers at the Maersk Mc-Kinney Moller Institute. March — 7 x 9, 224 pp. — 72 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01371-0 Intelligent Robotics and Autonomous Agents series

Prashant Parikh
In Language and Equilibrium, Prashant Parikh offers a new account of meaning for natural language. He argues that equilibrium, or balance among multiple interacting forces, is a key attribute of language and meaning and shows how to derive the meaning of an utterance from first principles by modeling it A new framework that as a system of interdependent shows how to derive the meaning of an games. utterance from first His account results in a principles by modeling novel view of semantics and it as a system of pragmatics and describes interdependent games. how both may be integrated with syntax. It considers many aspects of meaning — including literal meaning and implicature — and advances a detailed theory of definite descriptions as an application of the framework. Language and Equilibrium is intended for a wide readership in the cognitive sciences, including philosophers, linguists, and artificial intelligence researchers as well as neuroscientists, psychologists, and economists interested in language and communication.
Prashant Parikh is Senior Research Scholar at the University of Pennsylvania’s Institute for Research in Cognitive Science and an Adjunct Associate Professor in the Linguistics Department. He is the author of The Use of Language. March — 6 x 9, 360 pp. — 45 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01345-1


linguistics/machine learning linguistics

Using Complex Lexical Descriptions in Natural Language Processing edited by Srinivas Bangalore and Aravind K. Joshi
The last decade has seen computational implementations of large hand-crafted natural language grammars in formal frameworks such as TreeInvestigations into Adjoining Grammar (TAG), employing statistical Combinatory Categorical approaches with linguistically motivated Grammar (CCG), Headrepresentations and driven Phrase Structure its impact on Natural Grammar (HPSG), and Language processing Lexical Functional Grammar tasks. (LFG). Grammars in these frameworks typically associate linguistically motivated rich descriptions (Supertags) with words. With the availability of parse-annotated corpora, grammars in the TAG and CCG frameworks have also been automatically extracted while maintaining the linguistic relevance of the extracted Supertags. In these frameworks, Supertags are designed so that complex linguistic constraints are localized to operate within the domain of those descriptions. While this localization increases local ambiguity, the process of disambiguation (Supertagging) provides a unique way of combining linguistic and statistical information. This volume investigates the theme of employing statistical approaches with linguistically motivated representations and its impact on Natural Language Processing tasks. In particular, the contributors describe research in which words are associated with Supertags that are the primitives of different grammar formalisms including Lexicalized Tree-Adjoining Grammar (LTAG).
Srinivas Bangalore is Principal Technical Staff Member at AT&T Labs–Research. Aravind K. Joshi is Henry Salvatori Professor of Computer and Cognitive Science at the University of Pennsylvania. He received the David Rumelhardt Prize for fundamental theoretical contributions to the cognitive sciences in 2003. March — 7 x 9, 512 pp. — 159 illus. $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01387-1

Andrew Nevins
Vowel harmony results from a set of restrictions that determine the possible and impossible sequences of vowels within a word. The study of syntax begins with the observation that the words of a sentence cannot go in just any order, and the study of phonology begins with the same observation for A view of the locality the consonants and vowels of conditions on vowel harmony, aligning a word. In this book, Andrew empirical phenomena Nevins investigates long-diswithin phonology with tance relations between vowels the principles of the in vowel harmony systems Minimalist program. across a range of languages, with the aim of demonstrating that the locality conditions that regulate these relations can be attributed to the same principle that regulates long-distance syntactic dependencies. He argues that vowel harmony represents a manifestation of the Agree algorithm for feature-valuation (formulated by Chomsky in 2000), as part of an overarching effort to show that phonology can be described in terms of the principles of the Minimalist program. Nevins demonstrates that the principle of targetdriven search, the phenomenon of defective intervention, and the principles regulating the size of the domain over which dependencies are computed apply to both phonological and syntactic phenomena. Locality in Vowel Harmony offers phonologists new evidence that viewing vowel harmony through the lens of relativized minimality has the potential to unify different levels of linguistic representation and different domains of empirical inquiry in a unified framework. Moreover, Nevins’s specific implementation of the locality of dependencies represents a major advance in understanding constraints on possible harmonic languages. An online tool on the MIT Press Web site demonstrates the algorithm for calculating vowel harmony with the derivations exemplified in the book.
Andrew Nevins is Associate Professor of Linguistics at Harvard University. June — 6 x 9, 272 pp. — 9 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 paper 978-0-262-51368-5 $60.00S/£44.95 cloth 978-0-262-14097-3 Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 55


linguistics linguistics

Norvin Richards
In Uttering Trees, Norvin Richards investigates the conditions imposed upon syntax by the need to create syntactic objects that can be interpreted by phonology — that is, objects that can be pronounced. Drawing extensively on linguistic data from a variety of languages, A study of the interface including Japanese, Basque, Tagalog, Spanish, Kinande between syntax and phonology that seeks (Bantu language spoken in the deeper explanations for Democratic Republic of the such syntactic problems Congo), and Chaha (Semitic as case phenomena language spoken in Ethiopia), and the distribution of overt and covert Richards makes two new prowh-movement. posals about the relationship between syntax and phonology. The first, “Distinctness,” has to do with the process of imposing a linear order on the constituents of the tree. Richards claims that syntactic nodes with many properties in common cannot be directly linearized and must be kept structurally distant from each other. He argues that a variety of syntactic phenomena can be explained by this generalization, including much of what has traditionally been covered by case theory. Richards’s second proposal, “Beyond Strength and Weakness,” is an attempt to predict, for any given language, whether that language will exhibit overt or covert wh-movement. Richards argues that we can predict whether or not a language can leave wh in situ by investigating more general properties of its prosody. This proposal offers an explanation for a cross-linguistic difference — that wh-phrases move overtly in some languages and covertly in others — that has hitherto been simply stipulated. In both these areas, it appears that syntax begins constructing a phonological representation earlier than previously thought; constraints on both word order and prosody begin at the beginning of the derivation.
Norvin Richards is Professor in the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy at MIT. March — 6 x 9, 240 pp. — 15 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 paper 978-0-262-51371-5 $60.00S/£44.95 cloth 978-0-262-01376-5 Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 56

Richard K. Larson illustrations by Kimiko Ryokai
This introductory text takes a novel approach to the study of syntax. Grammar as Science offers an introduction to syntax as an exercise in scientific theory construction. Syntax provides an excellent instrument for introducing students from a An introduction to the wide variety of backgrounds to study of syntax that also introduces students the principles of scientific theto the principles of orizing and scientific thought; scientific theorizing. it engages general intellectual themes present in all scientific theorizing as well as those arising specifically within the modern cognitive sciences. The book is intended for students majoring in linguistics as well as non-linguistics majors who are taking the course to fulfill undergraduate requirements. Grammar as Science covers such core topics in syntax as phrase structure, constituency, the lexicon, inaudible elements, movement rules, and transformational constraints, while emphasizing scientific reasoning skills. The individual units are organized thematically into sections that highlight important components of this enterprise, including choosing between theories, constructing explicit arguments for hypotheses, and the conflicting demands that push us toward expanding our technical toolkit on the one hand and constraining it on the other. Grammar as Science is constructed as a “laboratory science” course in which students actively experiment with linguistic data. Syntactica, a software application tool that allows students to create and explore simple grammars in a graphical, interactive way, is available online in conjunction with the book. Students are encouraged to “try the rules out,” and build grammars rule-by-rule, checking the consequences at each stage.
Richard K. Larson is Professor of Linguistics at Stony Brook University. March — 7 x 9, 432 pp. — 294 illus. $45.00X/£33.95 paper 978-0-262-51303-6


linguistics/philosophy philosophy/science

Nirmalangshu Mukherji
The contemporary discipline of biolinguistics is beginning to have the feel of scientific inquiry. Biolinguistics — especially the work of Noam Chomsky — is suggesting that the design of language may be “perfect”: language is an optimal solution to conditions of sound and meaning. What is the A proposal that the scope of this inquiry? Which biolinguistic approach to human languages aspect of nature does this scimay have identified, ence investigate? What is its beyond the study of relation to the rest of science? language, a specific What notions of language and structure of the human mind. mind are under investigation? This book is a study of such foundational questions. Exploring Chomsky’s claims, Nirmalangshu Mukherji argues that the significance of biolinguistic inquiry extends beyond the domain of language. Biolinguistics is primarily concerned with grammars that represent just the computational aspects of the mind/brain. This restriction to grammars, Mukherji argues, opens the possibility that the computational system of human language may be involved in each cognitive system that requires similar computational resources. Deploying analytical argumentation and empirical evidence, Mukherji suggests that a computational system of language consisting of very specific principles and operations is likely to be involved in each articulatory symbol system — such as music — that manifests unboundedness. In that sense, the biolinguistics approach may have identified, after thousands of years of inquiry, a specific structure of the human mind.
Nirmalangshu Mukherji is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Delhi. April — 6 x 9, 296 pp. — 11 illus. $45.00S/£33.95 cloth 978-0-262-01405-2 A Bradford Book

edited by Jonathan Cohen and Mohan Matthen
Philosophers and scientists have long speculated about the nature of color. Atomists such as Democritus thought color to be “conventional,” not real; Galileo and other key figures of the Scientific Revolution thought that it was an erroLeading philosophers neous projection of our own and scientists consider what conclusions about sensations onto external color can be drawn objects. More recently, when the latest analytic philosophers have enriched tools are applied to the most sophisticated the debate about color by color science. aligning the most advanced color science with the most sophisticated methods of analytical philosophy. In this volume, leading scientists and philosophers examine new problems with new analytic tools, considering such topics as the psychophysical measurement of color and its implications, the nature of color experience in both normal color-perceivers and the color blind, and questions that arise from what we now know about the neural processing of color information, color consciousness, and color language. Taken together, these papers point toward a complete restructuring of current orthodoxy concerning color experience and how it relates to objective reality.
CONTRIBUTORS Justin Broackes, Alex Byrne,
Paul M. Churchland, Austen Clark, Jonathan Cohen, David R. Hilbert, Kimberly A. Jameson, Rolf Kuehni, Don I. A. MacLeod, Mohan Matthen, Rainer Mausfeld, Richard Niederée, Jonathan Westphal Jonathan Cohen is Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies in the Department of Philosophy at the University of California, San Diego. Mohan Matthen is Professor of Philosophy and Canada Research Chair at the University of Toronto. June — 7 x 9, 456 pp. — 19 color illus., 78 black &white illus. $45.00S/£33.95 paper 978-0-262-51375-3 $90.00S/£66.95 cloth 978-0-262-01385-7 Life and Mind series: Philosophical Issues in Biology and Psychology A Bradford Book


philosophy philosophy

edited by Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O’Rourke, and Harry S. Silverstein
There are two main questions in epistemology: What is knowledge? And: Do we have any of it? The first question asks after the nature of a concept; the second involves grappling with the skeptic, who believes that no one knows anything. This New essays by collection of original essays leading philosophers addresses the themes of knowlexplore topics in epistemology, offering edge and skepticism, offering both contemporary both contemporary epistemophilosophical analysis logical analysis and historical and historical perspectives. perspectives from leading philosophers and rising scholars. Contributors first consider knowledge: the intrinsic nature of knowledge — in particular, aspects of what distinguishes knowledge from true belief; the extrinsic examination of knowledge, focusing on contextualist accounts; and types of knowledge, specifically perceptual, introspective, and rational knowledge. The final chapters offer various perspectives on skepticism. Knowledge and Skepticism provides an eclectic yet coherent set of essays by distinguished scholars and important new voices. The cutting-edge nature of its contributions and its interdisciplinary character make it a valuable resource for a wide audience — for philosophers of language as well as for epistemologists, and for psychologists, decision theorists, historians, and students at both the advanced undergraduate and graduate levels.
CONTRIBUTORS Kent Bach, Joseph Keim Campbell, Joseph Cruz, Fred Dretske, Catherine Z. Elgin, Peter S. Fosl, Peter J. Graham, David Hemp, Michael O’Rourke, George Pappas, John L. Pollock, Duncan Pritchard, Joseph Salerno, Robert J. Stainton, Harry S. Silverstein, Joseph Thomas Tolliver, Leora Weitzman
Joseph Keim Campbell is Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Washington State University. Michael O’Rourke is Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Idaho. Harry S. Silverstein is Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Washington State University. July — 6 x 9, 368 pp. — 18 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 paper 978-0-262-51396-8 $70.00S/£51.95 cloth 978-0-262-01408-3 Topics in Contemporary Philosophy

edited by Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O’Rourke, and Harry S. Silverstein
The concepts of time and identity seem at once unproblematic and frustratingly difficult. Time is an intricate part of our experience — it would seem that the passage of time is a prerequisite for having any experience at all — and yet Original essays on the recalcitrant questions about metaphysics of time, time remain. Is time real? identity, and the self, written by distinguished Does time flow? Do past scholars and important and future moments exist? rising philosophers. Philosophers face similarly stubborn questions about identity, particularly about the persistence of identical entities through change. Indeed, questions about the metaphysics of persistence take on many of the complexities inherent in philosophical considerations of time. This volume of original essays brings together these two essentially related concepts in a way not reflected in the available literature. The contributors, distinguished authors and rising scholars, first consider the nature of time and then turn to the relation of identity, focusing on the metaphysical connections between the two, with a special emphasis on personal identity. The volume concludes with essays on the metaphysics of death, issues in which time and identity play a significant role. This groundbreaking collection offers both cutting-edge epistemological analysis and historical perspectives on contemporary topics.
CONTRIBUTORS Harriet Baber, Lynne Rudder Baker, Ben Bradley, John W. Carroll, Reinaldo Elugardo, Geoffrey Gorham, Mark Hinchliff, Jenann Ismael, Barbara Levenbook, Andrew Light, Lawrence B. Lombard, Ned Markosian, Harold Noonan, John Perry, Harry S. Silverstein, Matthew H. Slater, Robert J. Stainton, Neil A. Tognazzini
Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O’Rourke, and Harry S. Silverstein are coeditors of Causation and Explanation (MIT Press, 2007), a previous volume in the Topics in Contemporary Philosophy series. July — 6 x 9, 312 pp. $35.00S/£25.95 paper 978-0-262-51397-5 $70.00S/£51.95 cloth 978-0-262-01409-0 Topics in Contemporary Philosophy


cognitive science/philosophy cognitive science

edited by Richard Menary
Where does the mind stop and the rest of the world begin? In their famous 1998 paper “The Extended Mind,” philosophers Andy Clark and David Chalmers posed this question and answered it provocatively: cognitive processes “ain’t all in the head.” The environment has an active role in driving Leading scholars cognition; cognition is somerespond to the famous proposition times made up of neural, by Andy Clark and bodily, and environmental David Chalmers that processes. Their argument cognition and mind excited a vigorous debate are not located exclusively in the head. among philosophers, both supporters and detractors. This volume brings together for the first time the best responses to Clark and Chalmers’s bold proposal. These responses, together with the original paper by Clark and Chalmers, offer a valuable overview of the latest research on the extended mind thesis. The contributors first discuss (and answer) objections raised to Clark and Chalmers’s thesis. Andy Clark himself responds to critics in an essay that uses the movie Memento’s amnesia-aiding notes and tattoos to illustrate the workings of the extended mind. Contributors then consider the different directions in which the extended mind project might be taken, including the need for an approach that focuses on cognitive activity and practice.
CONTRIBUTORS Fred Adams, Ken Aizawa, David Chalmers, Andy Clark, Stephen Cowley, Susan Hurley, James Ladyman, Richard Menary, John Preston, Don Ross, Mark Rowlands, Rob Rupert, David Spurrett, John Sutton, Michael Wheeler, Rob Wilson
Richard Menary is a Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Wollongong. He is the author of Cognitive Integration and other books. June — 6 x 9, 424 pp. — 2 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01403-8 Life and Mind series: Philosophical Issues in Biology and Psychology A Bradford Book

A New Perspective in the Cognitive Science of Attention and Action edited by Brian Bruya
Attention and action require effort, and the expectation is that under normal circumstances effort increases as one meets rising demands. Sometimes, however, attention and action seem The phenomena of to flow effortlessly despite effortless attention and action and the high demands. Although challenges they pose the phenomena of effortless to current cognitive attention and action have models of attention been observed across a range and action. of normal activities — ranging from rock climbing to chess playing — fundamental questions about the cognitive science of effortlessness have gone largely unasked. This book explores those questions. Starting from the premise that the phenomena of effortless attention and action provide an opportunity to test current models of attention and action, the contributors examine such topics as effort as a cognitive resource, the role of effort in decision-making, the neurophysiology of effortless action, the neurophysiological correlates of Zen enlightenment experience, how to study flow in the lab, effortless action and automaticity, effortless action and expert performance, and the neurophysiology and benefits of attentional training.
CONTRIBUTORS Joshua M. Ackerman, James H. Austin, John A. Bargh, Roy F. Baumeister, Sian L. Beilock, Chris Blais, Matthew M. Botvinick, Brian Bruya, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Marci S. DeCaro, Arne Dietrich, Yuri Dormashev, László Harmat, Bernhard Hommel, Rebecca Lewthwaite, Örjan de Manzano, Joseph T. McGuire, Brian P. Meier, Arlen C. Moller, Jeanne Nakamura, Michael I. Posner, Mary K. Rothbart, M. R. Rueda, Brandon J. Schmeichel, Edward Slingerland, Oliver Stoll, Yiyuan Tang, Töres Theorell, Fredrik Ullén, Gabriele Wulf
Brian Bruya is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Eastern Michigan University. July — 7 x 9, 424 pp. — 33 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 paper 978-0-262-51395-1 $80.00S/£55.95 cloth 978-0-262-01384-0 A Bradford Book


cognitive science cognitive science/sociology

The Mental Processes of Communication Bruno G. Bara translated by John Douthwaite
In Cognitive Pragmatics, Bruno Bara offers a theory of human communication that is both formalized through logic and empirically validated through experimental data and clinical studies. Bara An argument that argues that communication is communication is a cooperative activity a cooperative activity in which between agents, who two or more agents together together consciously consciously and intentionally and intentionally construct the meaning of their construct the meaning of their interaction. interaction. In true communication (which Bara distinguishes from the mere transmission of information), all the actors must share a set of mental states. Bara takes a cognitive perspective, investigating communication not from the viewpoint of an external observer (as is the practice in linguistics and the philosophy of language) but from within the mind of the individual. Bara examines communicative interaction through the notion of behavior and dialogue games, which structure both the generation and the comprehension of the communication act (either language or gesture). He describes both standard communication and nonstandard communication (which includes deception, irony, and “as-if ” statements). Failures are analyzed in detail, with possible solutions explained. Bara investigates communicative competence in both evolutionary and developmental terms, tracing its emergence from hominids to homo sapiens and defining the stages of its development in humans from birth to adulthood. He correlates his theory with the neurosciences, and explains the decay of communication that occurs both with different types of brain injury and with Alzheimer’s disease. Throughout, Bara offers supporting data from the literature and his own research. The innovative theoretical framework outlined by Bara will be of interest not only to cognitive scientists and neuroscientists but also to anthropologists, linguists, and developmental psychologists.
Bruno G. Bara is Director of the Center for Cognitive Sciences at the University and Polytechnic of Turin, Italy. June — 6 x 9, 296 pp. — 48 illus. $38.00S/£28.95 cloth 978-0-262-01411-3

edited by Don Ross, Harold Kincaid, David Spurrett, and Peter Collins
The image of the addict in popular culture combines victimhood and moral failure; we sympathize with addicts in films and novels because of their suffering and their hard-won knowledge. And yet actual scientific knowledge about addicLeading addiction tion tends to undermine this researchers survey the latest findings cultural construct. In What Is in addiction science, Addiction?, leading addiction countering the simplistic cultural researchers from neuroscience, stereotypes of psychology, genetics, philosothe addict. phy, economics, and other fields survey the latest findings in addiction science. They discuss such questions as whether addiction is one kind of condition, or several; if addiction is neurophysiological, psychological, or social, or incorporates aspects of all of these; to what extent addicts are responsible for their problems, and how this affects health and regulatory policies; and whether addiction is determined by inheritance or environment or both. The chapter authors discuss the possibility of a unifying basis for different addictions (considering both substance addiction and pathological gambling), offering both neurally and neuroscientifically grounded accounts as well as discussions of the social context of addiction. There can be no definitive answer yet to the question posed by the title of this book; but these essays demonstrate a sweeping advance over the simplistic conception embedded in popular culture.
Don Ross is Professor of Economics and Professor of Philosophy at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and Professor of Economics at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. Harold Kincaid is Professor and Chair of the Department of Philosophy and Director of the Center for Ethics and Values in the Sciences at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. David Spurrett is Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Cognitive Science Program at the Howard College Campus of the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Peter Collins is Professor of Public Policy and Director of the Centre for the Study of Gambling at the University of Salford, U.K. March — 7 x 9, 464 pp. — 27 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 paper 978-0-262-51311-1


cognitive science/neuroscience

edited by Stephen José Hanson and Martin Bunzl
Neuroimagers and philosophers of mind explore critical issues and controversies that have arisen from the use of brain mapping in cognitive neuroscience and cognitive science.

June 7 x 9, 344 pp. 31 illus. $38.00S/£28.95 paper 978-0-262-51394-4 $76.00S/£55.95 cloth 978-0-262-01402-1 A Bradford Book

William Bechtel Bharat Biswal Matthew Brett Martin Bunzl Max Coltheart Karl J. Friston Joy J. Geng Clark Glymour Kalanit Grill-Spector Stephen José Hanson Trevor Harley Gilbert Harman James V. Haxby Rik N. Henson Nancy Kanwisher Colin Klein Richard Loosemore Sébastien Meriaux Chris Mole Jeanette A. Mumford Russell A. Poldrack Jean-Baptiste Poline Richard C. Richardson Alexis Roche Adina L. Roskies Pia Rotshtein Rebecca Saxe Philipp Sterzer Bertrand Thirion Edward Vul

The field of neuroimaging has reached a watershed. Brain imaging research has been the source of many advances in cognitive neuroscience and cognitive science over the last decade, but recent critiques and emerging trends are raising foundational issues of methodology, measurement, and theory. Indeed, concerns over interpretation of brain maps have created serious controversies in social neuroscience, and, more important, point to a larger set of issues that lie at the heart of the entire brain mapping enterprise. In this volume, leading scholars — neuroimagers and philosophers of mind — reexamine these central issues and explore current controversies that have arisen in cognitive science, cognitive neuroscience, computer science, and signal processing. The contributors address both statistical and dynamical analysis and modeling of neuroimaging data and interpretation, discussing localization, modularity, and neuroimagers’ tacit assumptions about how these two phenomena are related; controversies over correlation of fMRI data and social attributions (recently characterized for good or ill as “voodoo correlations”); and the standard inferential design approach in neuroimaging. Finally, the contributors take a more philosophical perspective, considering the nature of measurement in brain imaging, and offer a framework for novel neuroimaging data structures (effective and functional connectivity — “graphs”).
Stephen José Hanson is Professor of Psychology (Newark Campus) and Member of the Cognitive Science Center (New Brunswick Campus) at Rutgers University. Martin Bunzl is Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Rutgers University.


cognitive science/neuroscience neuroscience

edited by Franck Grammont, Dorothée Legrand, and Pierre Livet
Intention was seen traditionally as a philosophical concept, before being debated more recently from psychological and social perspectives. Today the cognitive sciences approach intention An interdisciplinary empirically, at the level of its integration of underlying mechanisms. This theoretical and naturalization of intention empirical approaches to the question of makes it more concrete and intentional action. graspable by empirical sciences. This volume offers an interdisciplinary integration of current research on intentional processes naturalized through action, drawing on the theoretical and empirical approaches of cognitive neuroscience, psychology, philosophy, and sociology. Each chapter integrates several disciplinary perspectives. Taken together, the chapters show that the reunification of the different dimensions of intentional processes may constitute an adequate basis for a general model of intentional processes and their links to action. This can be applied at various levels, from neuronal activity to self-constitution, from the expression of intentional actions at the individual level to their expression in social contexts, and to the recognition of intention in actions executed by others.
CONTRIBUTORS Colin Allen, Mireille Bonnard, Vittorio Gallese, Jozina B. de Graaf, Franck Grammont, Patrick Haggard, Marco Iacoboni, Dorothée Legrand, Pierre Livet, Albert Ogien, Jean Pailhous, Jean-Luc Petit, Jean-Michel Roy, Jessica A. Sommerville, Manos Tsakiris, Amanda L. Woodward
Franck Grammont is Assistant Professor at the J. A. Dieudonné Laboratory, University of the Sciences of Nice. Dorothée Legrand is a Researcher in Philosophy at the Center for Research in Applied Epistemology, Paris. Pierre Livet is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Provence. February — 6 x 9, 352 pp. — 12 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01367-3

A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga edited by Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz, Kathleen Baynes, George R. Mangun, and Elizabeth A. Phelps
These essays on a range of topics in the cognitive neurosciences report on the Leaders in the cognitive progress in the field over the neurosciences address twenty years of its existence a variety of topics in the field and reflect and reflect the many groundon Michael Gazzaniga’s breaking scientific contribupioneering work and tions and enduring influence enduring influence. of Michael Gazzaniga, “the godfather of cognitive neuroscience” — founder of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society, founding editor of the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, and editor of the major reference work, The Cognitive Neurosciences, now in its fourth edition (MIT Press, 2009). The essays, grouped into four sections named after four of Gazzaniga’s books, combine science and memoir in varying proportions, and offer an authoritative survey of research in cognitive neuroscience. “The Bisected Brain” examines hemispheric topics pioneered by Gazzaniga at the start of his career; “The Integrated Mind” explores the theme of integration by domination; the wide-ranging essays in “The Social Brain” address subjects from genes to neurons to social conversations and networks; the topics explored in “Mind Matters” include evolutionary biology, methodology, and ethics.
CONTRIBUTORS Kathleen Baynes, Giovanni Berlucchi, Leo M. Chalupa, Mark D’Esposito, Margaret G. Funnell, Mitchell Glickstein, Scott A. Guerin, Todd F. Heatherton, Steven A. Hillyard, William Hirst, Alan Kingstone, Stephen M. Kosslyn, Marta Kutas, Elisabetta Làdavas, Joseph Ledoux, George R. Mangun, Michael B. Miller, Elizabeth A. Phelps, Steven Pinker, Michael I. Posner, Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz, Mary K. Rothbart, Andrea Serino, Brad E. Sheese
Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz is Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at the University of Michigan. Kathleen Baynes is Professor at the Center for Mind and Brain at the University of California, Davis. George R. Mangun is Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of California, Davis. Elizabeth A. Phelps is Professor of Psychology at New York University. May — 6 x 9, 256 pp. — 25 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01401-4



An integrative account of the neural underpinnings of decision making, emphasizing the ways in which some information sources are given more weight than others.

How Neural Circuits Weigh the Options Jan Lauwereyns
I will recklessly endeavor to scavenge materials from these various fields with the single aim of producing a coherent, but open-minded account of attention, or bias versus sensitivity, or how the activities of neurons allow us to decide one way or another that, with a faint echo of Hamlet in the background, something appears to be or not to be. — from The Anatomy of Bias In this engaging, even lyrical, book, Jan Lauwereyns examines the neural underpinnings of decision-making, using “bias” as his core concept rather than the more common but noncommittal terms “selection” and “attention.” Lauwereyns offers an integrative, interdisciplinary account of the structure and function of bias, which he defines as a basic brain mechanism that attaches different weights to different information sources, prioritizing some cognitive representations at the expense of others. Lauwereyns introduces the concepts of bias and sensitivity based on notions from Bayesian probability, which he translates into easily recognizable neural signatures, introduced by concrete examples from the experimental literature. He examines, among other topics, positive and negative motivations for giving priority to different sensory inputs, and looks for the neural underpinnings of racism, sexism, and other forms of “familiarity bias.” Lauwereyns — a poet and essayist as well as a scientist — connects findings and ideas in neuroscience to analogous concepts in such diverse fields as post-Lacanian psychoanalysis, literary theory, philosophy of mind, evolutionary psychology, and experimental economics. With The Anatomy of Bias, he gives readers that rarity in today’s world of proliferating and ever more narrowly focused technical research papers: a work of sustained, rational thinking, elegantly expressed.
Jan Lauwereyns is Associate Professor at the School of Psychology at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. He has published articles in journals including Nature, Journal of Neuroscience, and Trends in Cognitive Science as well as poetry, fiction, and essays.

February 7 x 9, 288 pp. 32 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-12310-5

“Jan Lauwereyns brings together concepts that are generally treated as disparate, and traces the historical evolution of their relation to one another and to current research. The significance of this contribution will be partly as a stimulus to new ideas (for my own part, reading this book prompted a great deal of thought — not just about relationships between concepts, but ideas for possible new experiments), as well as its achievement in situating current ideas about decision firmly in their historical intellectual milieu. Anatomy of Bias is the kind of book that will change people’s thinking — and lives.” — R. H. S. Carpenter, Professor of Oculomotor Physiology, Department of Physiology, Development, and Neuroscience, Cambridge University


neuroscience biology

Information Processing in the Cerebral Hemispheres edited by Kenneth Hugdahl and René Westerhausen
Hemispheric asymmetry is one of the basic aspects of perception and cognitive processing. The different functions of the left and right State-of-the-art hemispheres of the brain have research on brain been studied with renewed asymmetry, explained from molecular to interest in recent years, as clinical levels. scholars explore applications to new areas, new measuring techniques, and new theoretical approaches. This volume provides a comprehensive view of the latest research in brain asymmetry, offering not only recent empirical and clinical findings but also a coherent theoretical approach to the subject. In chapters that report on the field at levels from the molecular to the clinical, leading researchers address such topics as the evolution and genetics of brain asymmetry; animal models; findings from structural and functional neuroimaging techniques and research; sex differences and hormonal effects; sleep asymmetry; cognitive asymmetry in visual and auditory perception; and auditory laterality and speech perception, memory, and asymmetry in the context of developmental, neurological, and psychiatric disorders.
CONTRIBUTORS Katrin Amunts, Ulrike Bayer, Alfredo Brancucci, Vince D. Calhoun, Maria Casagrande, Marco Catani, Michael C. Corballis, Patricia E. Cowell, Timothy J. Crow, Tom Eichele, Stephanie Forkel, Patrick J. Gannon, Isabelle George, Onur Güntürkün, Heikki Hämäläinen, Markus Hausmann, Joseph B. Hellige, Kenneth Hugdahl, Masud Husain, Grégoria Kalpouzos, Bruno Laeng, Martina Manns, Chikashi Michimata, Deborah W. Moncrieff, Lars Nyberg, Godfrey Pearlson, Stefan Pollmann, Victoria Singh-Curry, Iris E. C. Sommer, Tao Sun, Nathan Swanson, Fiia Takio, Michel Thiebaut de Schotten, René Westerhausen
Kenneth Hugdahl is Professor in the Department of Biological and Medical Psychology at the University of Bergen, Norway. He is the coeditor of two previous books on brain asymmetry, Brain Asymmetry (1994) and The Asymmetrical Brain (2002), both published by the MIT Press. René Westerhausen is a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Biological and Medical Psychology at the University of Bergen. July — 7 x 9, 688 pp. — 9 color illus., 85 black & white illus. $75.00S/£55.95 cloth 978-0-262-01413-7

Exploring the Integrative Study of Work in Living Systems edited by Robert Levin, Simon Laughlin, Christina De La Rocha, and Alan Blackwell
The work performed by living systems ranges from photosynthesis to prodigious feats of computation and organization. This multidisciWork as fundamental plinary volume explores the to life, explored at relationships between work different levels of organization from and the study of work across the perspectives of a many different levels of organvariety of biological ization. By addressing how and nonbiological work gets done, and why, from disciplines. the perspectives of a range of disciplines, including cell and evolutionary biology, neuroscience, psychology, electrical and computer engineering, and design, the volume sets out to establish an integrative approach to the study of work. Chapters introduce the biological work of producing energy in the cell; establish inherent trade-offs between energy and information in neural systems; relate principles of integrated circuit manufacture to work in biological systems; explore the work of photosynthesis; investigate how work shapes organisms’ evolutionary niches; consider the human work of design; describe the effects of job satisfaction and dissatisfaction on worklife balance; and address the effects of environmental challenges (stress) on how humans and animals do work. Finally, the editors and contributors draw these studies together and point to future developments.
CONTRIBUTORS Alan Blackwell, Gillian Brown, Christina De La Rocha, Kevin Laland, Simon Laughlin, Robert Levin, Michael Lightner, Steven Maier, Joseph Rosse, Stacy Saturay
Robert Levin is Director and Fellow of the Center for the Integrative Study of Work at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Simon Laughlin is Professor of Neurology in the Department of Zoology and a Fellow of Churchill College, University of Cambridge, and a Fellow of the Royal Society. Christina De La Rocha is Professor in the Marine Environmental Sciences Laboratory of the European Institute for Marine Research at the Université de Bretagne Occidentale. Alan Blackwell is Reader in Interdisciplinary Design in the Computer Laboratory and a Fellow of Darwin College, University of Cambridge. June — 7 x 9, 272 pp. — 37 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01412-0


computational biology vision science

edited by Neil D. Lawrence, Mark Girolami, Magnus Rattray, and Guido Sanguinetti
Computational systems biology unifies the mechanistic approach of systems biology with the data-driven approach of computational biology. Computational systems biology aims to develop Tools and techniques algorithms that uncover the for biological inference problems at scales structure and parameterization ranging from of the underlying mechanistic genome-wide to model — in other words, to pathway-specific. answer specific questions about the underlying mechanisms of a biological system — in a process that can be thought of as learning or inference. This volume offers state-of-the-art perspectives from computational biology, statistics, modeling, and machine learning on new methodologies for learning and inference in biological networks. The chapters offer practical approaches to biological inference problems ranging from genome-wide inference of genetic regulation to pathway-specific studies. Both deterministic models (based on ordinary differential equations) and stochastic models (which anticipate the increasing availability of data from small populations of cells) are considered. Several chapters emphasize Bayesian inference, so the editors have included an introduction to the philosophy of the Bayesian approach and an overview of current work on Bayesian inference. Taken together, the methods discussed by the experts in Learning and Inference in Computational Systems Biology provide a foundation upon which the next decade of research in systems biology can be built.
Neil D. Lawrence is Senior Lecturer and Member of the Machine Learning and Optimisation Research Group in the School of Computer Science at the University of Manchester. Mark Girolami is Professor of Computing and Inferential Science in the Department of Computing Science and the Department of Statistics at the University of Glasgow. Magnus Rattray is Senior Lecturer and Member of the Machine Learning and Optimisation Research Group in the School of Computer Science at the University of Manchester. Guido Sanguinetti is Lecturer in Systems Biology jointly in the Department of Computer Science and the Chemical Engineering Life Sciences Interface Institute, Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, at the University of Sheffield. February — 7 x 9, 368 pp. — 73 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01386-4 Computational Molecular Biology series

The Computational Approach to Biological Vision
Second Edition

John P. Frisby and James V. Stone
Seeing has puzzled scientists and philosophers for centuries and it continues to do so. This new edition of a classic text offers an accessible A rigorous but but rigorous introduction to accessible and the computational approach to generously illustrated introduction to the understanding biological visual computational approach systems. The authors of Seeing, to the study of vision. taking as their premise David Marr’s statement that “to understand vision by studying only neurons is like trying to understand bird flight by studying only feathers,” make use of Marr’s three different levels of analysis in the study of vision: the computational level, the algorithmic level, and the hardware implementation level. Each chapter applies this approach to a different topic in vision by examining the problems the visual system encounters in interpreting retinal images and the constraints available to solve these problems; the algorithms that can realize the solution; and the implementation of these algorithms in neurons. Seeing has been thoroughly updated for this edition and expanded to more than three times its original length. It is designed to lead the reader through the problems of vision, from the common (but mistaken) idea that seeing consists just of making pictures in the brain to the minutiae of how neurons collectively encode the visual features that underpin seeing. Although it assumes no prior knowledge of the field, some chapters present advanced material. This makes it the only textbook suitable for both undergraduate and graduate students that takes a consistently computational perspective, offering a firm conceptual basis for tackling the vast literature on vision. It covers a wide range of topics, including aftereffects, the retina, receptive fields, object recognition, brain maps, Bayesian perception, motion, color, and stereopsis.
John P. Frisby is Emeritus Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Sheffield. James V. Stone is Reader in Psychology at the University of Sheffield and the author of Independent Component Analysis (MIT Press, 2004). April — 7 x 9, 576 pp. 132 color illus., 399 black & white illus. $55.00S/£38.95 paper 978-0-262-51427-9


bioethics bioethics/neuroscience

Science, Policy, and Politics edited by Jonathan D. Moreno and Sam Berger foreword by Harold Shapiro
Bioethics has become increasingly politicized over the past decade. Conservative voices dominated the debate at first, but the recent resurgence of progressivism and Leading scholars debate the application of its core values (social justice, critical politically progressive perspectives on optimism, practical problem bioethics and the solving) to bioethical issues implications for society, have helped correct this ideopolitics, and science in the twenty-first century. logical imbalance. Progress in Bioethics is the first book to debate the meaning of progressive bioethics and to offer perspectives on the topic both from bioethicists who consider themselves progressive and from bioethicists who do not. Its aim is to begin a dialogue and to provide a foothold for readers interested in understanding the field. The chapter authors, leading scholars in the field, discuss the meaning of progressive bioethics, the rise of conservative bioethics, the progressive stance toward biotechnology, the interplay of progressive bioethics and religion, and progressive approaches to such specific policy issues as bioethics commissions, stem-cell research, and health care reform. The arrival of a new administration in 2009 — one that is open to progressive ideas and rejects ideological interventions in science — makes this book and its new approach to bioethics relevant and timely.
Sam Berger, Daniel Callahan, Arthur L. Caplan, R. Alta Charo, Marcy Darnovsky, John H. Evans, Kathryn Hinsch, James Hughes, Richard Lempert, William F. May, Eric M. Meslin, Jonathan D. Moreno, Michael Rugnetta, Paul Root Wolpe, Laurie Zoloth Jonathan D. Moreno is David and Lyn Silfen University Professor of Ethics and Professor of Medical Ethics and of the History and Sociology of Science at the University of Pennsylvania. He is the author of Mind Wars: Brain Research and National Defense, among other books, and editor of In the Wake of Terror: Medicine and Morality in a Time of Crisis (MIT Press, 2003). Sam Berger is a J.D. candidate at Yale Law School. January — 6 x 9, 308 pp. — 4 illus. $29.00S/£21.95 cloth 978-0-262-13488-0 Basic Bioethics series

Improving Treatment and Understanding of the Mind-Brain Eric Racine
Today the measurable health burden of neurological and mental health disorders matches or even surpasses any other cluster of health conditions. At the same time, the clinical applications A survey of the of recent advances in neuroemerging field of neuroethics that calls science are hardly straightforfor a multidisciplinary, ward. In Pragmatic Neuroethics, pragmatic approach for Eric Racine argues that the tackling key issues and emerging field of neuroethics improving patient care. offers a way to integrate such specialties as neurology, psychiatry, and neurosurgery with the humanities and social sciences, neuroscience research, and related healthcare professions, with the goal of tackling key ethical challenges and improving patient care. Racine provides a survey of the often diverging perspectives within neuroethics, offers a theoretical framework supported by empirical data, and discusses the neuroethical implications of such issues as media coverage of neuroscience innovation and the importance of public concerns and lay opinion; nonmedical use of pharmaceuticals for performance enhancement; and the discord between intuitive notions about consciousness and behavior and the scientific understanding of them. Racine proposes a pragmatic neuroethics that combines pluralistic approaches, bottom-up research perspectives, and a focus on practical issues (in contrast to other more theoretical and single-discipline approaches to the field). In addition, he outlines a pragmatic framework for neuroethics, based on the philosophy of emergentism, which identifies conditions for the meaningful contribution of neuroscience to ethics, and sketches new directions and strategies for meeting future challenges for neuroscience and society.
Eric Racine is Director of the Neuroethics Research Unit at the Clinical Research Institute of Montreal and Assistant Research Professor at the Clinical Research Institute of Montreal. He also holds appointments at the University of Montreal (Medicine, Preventive and Social Medicine, and Bioethics) and McGill University (Neurology and Neurosurgery and Biomedical Ethics). July — 6 x 9, 264 pp. — 7 illus $29.00S/£21.95 cloth 978-0-262-01419-9 Basic Bioethics series




An exploration of the sensuous and the passionate, as expressed in operas by Mozart and Beethoven.

The Concept of Love in Their Operas Irving Singer with a new preface by the author
Music, language, and drama come together in opera to make a whole that conveys emotional reality. In this book, Irving Singer develops a new mode for understanding and experiencing the operas of Mozart and Beethoven, approaching them not as a musical technician but as a philosopher concerned with their expressive and mythic elements. Singer explores not only the treatment of love in these operas but also the emotional and intellectual orientation of these two great composers. Singer contrasts the cool sensuality of the Don in Mozart’s Don Giovanni with Leonora’s passionate love for her husband in Beethoven’s Fidelio and compares the erotic playfulness of some of Mozart’s letters with Beethoven’s fervent (and unsent) letter to “the immortal beloved.” Don Giovanni, The Marriage of Figaro, Così Fan Tutte, and The Magic Flute all express the conflict between the sensuous and the passionate, but it is only in The Magic Flute, says Singer, that this conflict is resolved. Beethoven, an admirer of The Magic Flute, emulated both its music and its ideology, and produced in Fidelio the greatest of all operas about married love. Written while Singer was also at work on the three-volume The Nature of Love, Mozart and Beethoven can be read as a companion volume to this masterful trilogy and as a forerunner to his later work on philosophy in film.
Irving Singer is Professor of Philosophy at MIT. He is the author of the trilogies The Nature of Love and Meaning in Life as well as Reality Transformed: Film as Meaning and Technique (2000); Three Philosophical Filmmakers: Hitchcock, Welles, Renoir (2004); Ingmar Bergman, Cinematic Philosopher (2007); and Cinematic Mythmaking: Philosophy in Film (2008), and Philosophy of Love: A Partial Summing-Up (2009), all published by the MIT Press, and many other books.

January 6 x 9, 176 pp. $25.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51364-7

The Irving Singer Library makes available Irving Singer’s classic works on philosophy and aesthetics, with new prefaces by the author, as well as his more recent books on these topics.

978-0-262-51272-5 $36.00S/£26.95 paper

978-0-262-51273-2 $36.00S/£26.95 paper

978-0-262-51274-9 $36.00S/£26.95 paper

978-0-262-19574-4 $14.95T/£11.95 cloth

978-0-262-19589-8 $24.95T/£18.95 cloth

978-0-262-69328-8 $17.95T/£13.95 paper


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architecture/design political science/international affairs

Bruce Brown, Richard Buchanan, Dennis Doordan, and Victor Margolin, editors
The first American academic journal to examine design history, theory, and criticism, Design Issues provokes inquiry into the cultural and intellectual issues surrounding design. Special guest-edited issues concentrate on particular themes, such as science and technology studies, design research, and design critisicm.
Quarterly, ISSN 0747-9360 Winter/Spring/Summer/Autumn 112 pp. per issue — 7 x 10, illustrated

David A. Andelman, editor
World Policy Journal is a highly respected and widely cited forum on international relations. In addition to policy articles, it includes historical and cultural essays, book reviews, profiles, and reportage.
Quarterly, ISSN 0740-2775 Spring/Summer/Fall/Winter World Policy Journal is published by MIT Press for the World Policy Institute.

Steven E. Miller, editor-in-chief Sean M. Lynn-Jones and Owen R. Coté Jr., editors
International Security publishes lucid, well-documented essays on the full range of contemporary security issues. Its articles address traditional policy issues such as war and peace, as well as more recent dimensions of security, including the growing importance of environmental, demographic, and humanitarian issues, and the rise of global terrorist networks.
Quarterly, ISSN 0162-2889 Summer/Fall/Winter/Spring 200 pp. per issue — 6 3/4 x 10

Karen Beckman, Branden W. Joseph, Reinhold Martin, Tom McDonough, and Felicity D. Scott, editors
Grey Room brings together scholarly and theoretical articles from the fields of architecture, art, media, and politics to forge a cross-disciplinary discourse uniquely relevant to contemporary concerns. In its first eight years, Grey Room has published some of the most interesting and original work within these disciplines, positioning itself at the forefront of the most current aesthetic and critical debates.
Quarterly, ISSN 1526-3819 Fall/Winter/Spring/Summer 128 pp. per issue — 6 3/4 x 9 1/2, illustrated

Philip Auerswald and Iqbal Z. Quadir, editors
Innovations is about entrepreneurial solutions to global challenges. The journal features cases authored by exceptional innovators; commentary and research from leading academics; and essays from globally recognized executives and political leaders. The journal is jointly hosted at George Mason University’s School of Public Policy, Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, and MIT’s Legatum Center for Development and Entrepreneurship.
Quarterly, ISSN 1558-2477 Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall 112 pp. per issue – 7 x 10


economics economics

Fabrizio Zilbotti, editor
Journal of the European Economic Association replaces the European Economic Review as the official journal of the association. Publishing articles of the highest scientific quality, JEEA is an outlet for theoretical and empirical work of global relevance. The journal is committed to promoting the EEA mission: the development and application of economics as a science, and the communication and exchange among teachers, students and researchers in economics.
Six times per year, ISSN 1542-4766 March/April-May/June/September/December 192 pp. per issue – 6 x 9

Alberto Abadie, Philippe Aghion, Michael Greenstone, Dani Rodrik, and Mark W. Watson, editors
The Review of Economics and Statistics is a distinguished general journal of applied (especially quantitative) economics. Edited at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government, The Review publishes the field’s most important articles in empirical economics, and, from time to time, symposia devoted to a single topic of methodological or empirical interest.
Quarterly, ISSN 0034-6535 February/May/August/November 192 pp. per issue – 8 1/2 x 11

Robert J. Barro, Elhanan Helpman, and Lawrence F. Katz, editors
The Quarterly Journal of Economics is the oldest professional journal of economics in the English language. Edited at Harvard University’s Department of Economics, it covers all aspects of the field — from the journal’s traditional emphasis on microtheory, to both empirical and theoretical macroeconomics.
Quarterly, ISSN 0033-5533 February/May/August/November 350 pp. per issue – 6 x 9

arts and humanities

David Buckingham, Tara McPherson, and Katie Salen, editors
The International Journal of Learning and Media (IJLM) is a groundbreaking online-only journal that provides an international forum for scholars, researchers and practitioners to explore the relationship between emerging forms of media and learning, in a variety of forms and settings. Through scholarly articles, editorials, case studies, and an active online network, IJLM will publish contributions that address the theoretical, textual, historical, and sociological dimensions of media and learning, as well as the practical and political issues at stake. Published quarterly by the MIT Press, in partnership with the Monterey Institute for Technology in Education and with support from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
Quarterly, ISSN 1943-6068 Online only <>


arts and humanities arts and humanities

Phyllis Bendell, managing editor
Founded in 1955 as the Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Daedalus draws on the enormous intellectual capacity of the American Academy, whose fellows are among the nation’s most prominent thinkers in the arts, sciences, and humanities. Each issue addresses a theme with six to ten original, authoritative essays on topics of current interest in the arts and sciences.
Quarterly, ISSN 0011-5266 Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall 128 pp. per issue — 7 x 10

Linda Smith Rhoads, editor
For three-quarters of a century, The New England Quarterly has published the best that has been written on New England’s cultural, political, and social history. Contributions cover a range of time periods, from before European colonization to the present, and any subject germane to New England’s history.
Quarterly, ISSN 0028-4866 March/June/September/December 176 pp. per issue — 6 x 9

Rosalind Krauss, Annette Michelson, George Baker, Yve-Alain Bois, Benjamin H. D. Buchloh, Hal Foster, Denis Hollier, David Joselit, Carrie Lambert-Beatty, Mignon Nixon, and Malcolm Turvey, editors
Original, innovative, and provocative, October presents the best and most current criticism about the contemporary arts, including film, painting, sculpture, photography, performance, music, and literature.
Quarterly, ISSN 0162-2870 Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall 176 pp. per issue — 7 x 9

Roger F. Malina, executive editor Nicolas Collins, LMJ editor-in-chief
Leonardo is the leading international journal in the application of contemporary science and technology to the arts and music. The companion annual journal, Leonardo Music Journal (including CD), features the latest in music, multimedia art, sound science, and technology.
Six times per year, ISSN 0024-094X February/April/June/August/October/December 100 pp. per issue — 8 1/2 x 11, illustrated

Marla C. Berns, Steven Nelson, Allen F. Roberts, Mary Nooter Roberts, and Doran H. Ross, editors
African Arts is devoted to the study and discussion of traditional, contemporary, and popular African arts and expressive cultures. Since 1967, readers have enjoyed high-quality visual depictions, cutting-edge explorations of theory and practice, and critical dialogue.
Quarterly, ISSN 0001-9933 Spring/Summer/Fall/Winter 88-100 pp. per issue 8 1/2 x 11, illustrated Published quarterly by the James S. Coleman African Studies Center and distributed by the MIT Press

Douglas Keislar, editor
For computer enthusiasts, musicians, composers, scientists, and engineers, this is the essential resource for contemporary electronic music and computer-generated sound. An annual music disc accompanies the last issue of each volume.
Quarterly, ISSN 0148-9267 Spring/Summer/Fall/Winter 128 pp. per issue — 8 1/2 x 11, illustrated


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Access Controlled, Deibert 52 Alpaydin, Introduction to Machine Learning, second edition Anachronic Renaissance, Nagel 35 Anatomy of Bias, Lauwereyns 78 Architecture or Techno-Utopia, Scott 41 Armendáriz, The Economics of Microfinance, second edition 61 Atran, The Native Mind and the Cultural Construction of Nature 48 Bader, Hall of Mirrors 16 Bainbridge, The Warcraft Civilization 5 Bais, In Praise of Science 6 Baker, Taking Economics Seriously 27 Bangalore, Supertagging 70 Bara, Cognitive Pragmatics 75 Battistella, Health Care Turning Point 25 Beranek, Riding the Waves 40 Between Reason and Experience, Feenberg 54 Black, Exploring General Equilibrium 47 Bohman, Democracy across Borders 49 Brennan, Curating Consciousness 18 Bruya, Effortless Attention 74 Cameron, Theorizing Digital Cultural Heritage 44 Campbell, Knowledge and Skepticism 73 Campbell, Time and Identity 73 Chance, Iversen 20 Chapelle, Semi-Supervised Learning 45 Chenoweth, Rethinking Violence 59 Climate Refugees, Collectif Argos 9 Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind, Reuter-Lorenz 77 Cognitive Pragmatics, Bara 75 Cohen, Color Ontology and Color Science 72 Collectif Argos, Climate Refugees 9 Color Ontology and Color Science, Cohen 72 Coma, Guyotat 32 Combinatorial Auctions, Cramton 46 Configuration Space Method for Kinematic Design of Mechanisms, Sacks 68 Contemporary States of Emergency, Fassin 34 Coyne, The Tuning of Place 67 Crafting the Quantum, Seth 57 Cramton, Combinatorial Auctions 46 Crisis in the Global Economy, Fumagalli 33 Culture of Improvement, Friedel 39 Curating Consciousness, Brennan 18 Davidson, The Future of Thinking 66 Deibert, Access Controlled 52 Democracy across Borders, Bohman 49 Diffie, Privacy on the Line, updated and expanded edition 42 Driesen, Economic Thought and U.S. Climate Change Policy 60 Dutton, World Wide Research 53 Dynamical Systems in Neuroscience, Izhikevich 49 Economic Thought and U.S. Climate Change Policy, Driesen 60 Economics and Psychology, Frey 47 Economics of Microfinance, second edition, Armendáriz 61 Ed Ruscha's Los Angeles, Schwartz 13 Edwards, The World in a Machine 24 Effortless Attention, Bruya 74 Eichengreen, Global Imbalances and the Lessons of Bretton Woods 46 Entangled, Salter 67 Evolution — the Extended Synthesis, Pigliucci 58 Evolution, Definitive Edition, Huxley 58 Evolutionary Psychology as Maladapted Psychology, Richardson 48 Exploring General Equilibrium, Black 47 Fassin, Contemporary States of Emergency 34 Feedback, Joselit 43 Feenberg, Between Reason and Experience 54 Feenstra, Offshoring in the Global Economy 63 Ferreiro, Ships and Science 51 Foster, Richard Hamilton 15 Foundational Issues in Human Brain Mapping, Hanson 76 Frey, Economics and Psychology 47 Friedel, A Culture of Improvement 39 Frisby, Seeing, second edition 80 Fumagalli, Crisis in the Global Economy 33 Future of Thinking, Davidson 66 Gee, New Digital Media and Learning as an Emerging Area and “Worked Examples” as One Way Forward 66 Gessert, Green Light 8 Gilboa, Rational Choice 62 Global Governance of Hazardous Chemicals, Selin 59 Global Imbalances and the Lessons of Bretton Woods, Eichengreen 46 Extended Mind, Menary 74 Gold, ThermoPoetics 56 Graham, Rethinking Curating 19 Grammar as Science, Larson 71 Grammont, Naturalizing Intention in Action 77 Green Light, Gessert 8 Greening through IT, Tomlinson 7 Gross, Ignorance and Surprise 54 Guyotat, Coma 32 Haladyn, Marcel Duchamp 37 Hall of Mirrors, Bader 16 Hanson, Foundational Issues in Human Brain Mapping 76 Hård, Urban Machinery 50 Harrigan, Second Person 44 Health Care Turning Point, Battistella 25 Hidden Sense, van Campen 40 Hocquenghem, The Screwball Asses 31 Hogan, The Natural Resources Trap 60 Hong, Wireless 51 Hugdahl, The Two Halves of the Brain 79 Huxley, Evolution, The Definitive Edition 58 Ignorance and Surprise, Gross 54 In Praise of Science, Bais 6 Internet Architecture and Innovation, van Schewick 62 Introduction to Civil War, Tiqqun 29 Introduction to Machine Learning, second edition, Alpaydin 68 Introduction to Quantitative Finance, Reitano 64 Iversen, Chance 20 Izhikevich, Dynamical Systems in Neuroscience 49 Joselit, Feedback 43 Knowledge and Skepticism, Campbell 73 Kotz, Words to Be Looked At 41 Krauss, Perpetual Inventory 17 Language and Equilibrium, Parikh 69 Larson, Grammar as Science 71 Lauwereyns, The Anatomy of Bias 78 Lawrence, Learning and Inference in Computational Systems Biology 80 Learning and Inference in Computational Systems Biology, Lawrence 80 Learning to Communicate in Science and Engineering, Poe 65


Levin, Urban Modernity 55 Levin, Work Meets Life 79 Living Through the End of Nature, Wapner 10 Locality in Vowel Harmony, Nevins 70 Mahajan, Street-Fighting Mathematics 65 Marazzi, The Violence of Financial Capitalism 28 Marcel Duchamp, Haladyn 37 Margolis, Stuck in the Shallow End 42 Menary, The Extended Mind 74 Mitchell, Reinventing the Automobile 1 Monetary Theory and Policy, third edition, Walsh 64 Moorefield, The Producer as Composer 43 Moreno, Progress in Bioethics 81 Morley, The Sublime 21 Mozart and Beethoven, Singer 82 Mukherji, The Primacy of Grammar 72 Nagel, Anachronic Renaissance 35 Native Mind and the Cultural Construction of Nature, Atran 48 Natural Resources Trap, Hogan 60 Naturalizing Intention in Action, Grammont 77 Nevins, Locality in Vowel Harmony 70 New Digital Media and Learning as an Emerging Area and “Worked Examples” as One Way Forward, Gee 66 Nye, When the Lights Went Out 4 Offshoring in the Global Economy, Feenstra 63 Parikh, Language and Equilibrium 69 Park, Secrets Of Women 36 Peltomäki, Situation Aesthetics 14 Perpetual Inventory, Krauss 17 Perspecta 42, Schori 23 Pigliucci, Evolution — the Extended Synthesis 58 Poe, Learning to Communicate in Science and Engineering 65 Pragmatic Neuroethics, Racine 81 Press On, Thimbleby 45 Primacy of Grammar, Mukherji 72 Princen, Treading Softly 11 Privacy on the Line, updated and expanded edition, Diffie 42 Producer as Composer, Moorefield 43 Progress in Bioethics, Moreno 81 Prospects for Monetary Cooperation and Integration in East Asia, Volz 63 Prudence and Pressure, Tsuya 57 Psychedelic, Rubin 12 Racine, Pragmatic Neuroethics 81 Rational Choice, Gilboa 62 Raunig, A Thousand Machines 30 Reinventing the Automobile, Mitchell 1 Reitano, Introduction to Quantitative Finance 64 Reitano, Student Solutions Manual to Accompany Introduction to Quantitative Finance: A Math Toolkit 64 Rethinking Curating, Graham 19 Rethinking Violence, Chenoweth 59 Reuter-Lorenz, The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind 77 Richard Hamilton, Foster 15 Richard Long, Roelstraete 38 Richards, Uttering Trees 71 Richardson, Evolutionary Psychology as Maladapted Psychology 48 Riding the Waves, Beranek 40 Roelstraete, Richard Long 38 Ross, What Is Addiction? 75 Rossi, A Scientific Autobiography 22 Rubin, Psychedelic 12 Rule of Law, Misrule of Men, Scarry 26 Sacks, The Configuration Space Method for Kinematic Design of Mechanisms 68 Salter, Entangled 67 Scarry, Rule of Law, Misrule of Men 26 Schori, Perspecta 42 23 Schot, Technology and the Making of the Netherlands 55 Schwartz, Ed Ruscha's Los Angeles 13 Scientific Autobiography, Rossi 22 Scott, Architecture or Techno-Uwtopia 41 Screwball Asses, Hocquenghem 31 Second Person, Harrigan 44 Secrets Of Women, Park 36 Seeing, second edition, Frisby 80 Self-Reconfigurable Robots, Stoy 69 Selin, Global Governance of Hazardous Chemicals 59 Semi-Supervised Learning, Chapelle 45 Seth, Crafting the Quantum 57 Ships and Science, Ferreiro 51 Singer, Mozart and Beethoven 82 Situation Aesthetics, Peltomäki 14 Smil, Why America Is Not a New Rome 3 Stoy, Self-Reconfigurable Robots 69 Street-Fighting Mathematics, Mahajan 65 Stuck in the Shallow End, Margolis 42 Student Solutions Manual to Accompany Introduction to Quantitative Finance: A Math Toolkit, Reitano 64 Sublime, Morley 21 Supertagging, Bangalore 70 System Modeling in Cellular Biology, Szallasi 50 Szallasi, System Modeling in Cellular Biology 50 Taking Economics Seriously, Baker 27 Technology and the Making of the Netherlands, Schot 55 Theorizing Digital Cultural Heritage, Cameron 44 ThermoPoetics, Gold 56 Thimbleby, Press On 45 Thousand Machines, Raunig 30 Time and Identity, Campbell 73 Tiqqun, Introduction to Civil War 29 Tomlinson, Greening through IT 7 Treading Softly, Princen 11 Tsuya, Prudence and Pressure 57 Tuning of Place, Coyne 67 Two Halves of the Brain, Hugdahl 79 Urban Machinery, Hård 50 Urban Modernity, Levin 55 Uttering Trees, Richards 71 van Campen, The Hidden Sense 40 van Schewick, Internet Architecture and Innovation 62 Violence of Financial Capitalism, Marazzi 28 Volz, Prospects for Monetary Cooperation and Integration in East Asia 63 Walsh, Monetary Theory and Policy, third edition 64 Wapner, Living Through the End of Nature 10 Warcraft Civilization, Bainbridge 5 Westcott, When Marina Abramovic Dies 2 What Is Addiction?, Ross 75 What's the Use of Race?, Whitmarsh 53 When Marina Abramovic Dies, Westcott 2 When the Lights Went Out, Nye 4 Whitmarsh, What's the Use of Race? 53 Why America Is Not a New Rome, Smil 3 Wireless, Hong 51 Words to Be Looked At, Kotz 41 Work Meets Life, Levin 79 World in a Machine, Edwards 24 World Wide Research, Dutton 53


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