©2011 Autodesk

Drainage Design and Analysis with
Autodesk Storm and Sanitary Analysis (SSA)

Steve Stamatoplos
Civil Technical Specialist
Engineering, Natural Resources, Infrastructure
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 2
Introduction and Overview
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 3
SSA History…
Background
 Autodesk, Inc. acquired certain assets of
BOSS International, including BOSS
StormNET Stand-Alone technology
 Launched it as Autodesk Storm and
Sanitary Analysis Stand-Alone 2011
 Now included with Infrastructure Design
Suite, Civil 3D, and Map 3D
Development
 Software developed from latest version of
EPA SWMM engine
 Additional Hydrology methods
 Easy to use GUI
 Advanced Profile Plot
 Addition of FHWA HEC-22 Inlets, Neenah
Foundry, and Caltrans
 Interoperability with Autodesk Products


©2010 Autodesk, Slide 4
Interoperability
 In order to more seamlessly share
data with other software, SSA
provides the following
interoperability:
 AutoCAD DWG Support
 GIS Shapefile Support
 LandXML Import & Export
 Import & Export of Hydraflow Storm
Sewers Extension files (*.stm)
 Import & Export EPA SWMM Models
 Import & Export XPSWMM Models








©2010 Autodesk, Slide 5
Engineering Background
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 6
Hydrologic Capabilities of SSA
 SSA includes the following hydrology
methods to determine drainage area runoff:
 US EPA SWMM
 Rational Method
 Modified Rational Method
 DeKalb Rational Method
 NRCS (SCS) TR-20
 NRCS (SCS) TR-55
 Santa Barbara Unit Hydrograph (SBUH)
 US Army Corps HEC-1
 UK Hydrology (Wallingford Procedure
Modified Rational Method)







Project Options

©2010 Autodesk, Slide 7
Hydraulic Capabilities of SSA
 SSA includes the following
hydraulic routing methods:
 Steady Flow
 Kinematic Wave (default
method)
 Hydrodynamic







Project Options
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 8
Hydrodynamic Routing
 Most sophisticated routing method
 Solves the complete 1-D Saint Venant flow
equations to produce the most accurate
results
 Accounts for pressurized flow, channel
storage, backwater effect, entrance and exit
losses, adverse slope conduits, looped
network
 Force Mains are modeled using Hazen-
Williams or Darcy-Weisbach equations
 Appropriate for any network analysis, method
of choice for systems subjected to backwater
effects
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 9
Defining a Network Model
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 10
SSA Stormwater Model Representation
 Model is constructed using the
following elements:
 Subbasins
 Nodes
 Links
 Rainwater (called precipitation) falls
onto subbasins
 Runoff occurs within the subbasin,
and then enters a downstream
node (or another subbasin if using
EPA SWMM hydrology)
 Nodes are connected together
using links
 Links allow water to travel (called
routing) from node to node
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 11
Rainfall Data
 Intensity-Duration-Frequency
(IDF) data
 Rational, Modified Rational, Dekalb
Rational hydrology methods
 Rainfall data (Rainfall Designer)
 Used by all other hydrology methods
 US rainfall database
 3,700 locations
 Developed and validated from variety of
data sources (e.g., NJ DEQ, etc.)
 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, and 100yr storm
frequencies
 24 hr duration
 Manual entry or import
 Numerous rainfall distributions
 SCS, IL Huff, IN Huff, Southern FL, etc.
 External rainfall file
IDF Curves
Rainfall Designer
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 12
Node Elements
 Nodes are a generic term used to represent
many nodal type elements
 J unction
 Manholes (storage accounted as 4 ft ø manhole)
 Computational point along a link, like along a stream or
internally within a pipe
 Storm drain inlets (catchbasins)
 Storage nodes
 Detention ponds
 Other storage type nodes where water is stored (e.g.,
junction box)
 Outfalls
 Nodes are computational points in the model
where WSEL is computed at each time step
 Locations where flow can enter the network
(inflows) or leave the network (outflows)
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 13
Link Elements
 Links are a generic term used to
represent many link type elements
 Conveyance Link
 Pipe
 Open channel (i.e., river, stream, ditch, gutter)
 Pump
 Orifice
 Weir (spillway)
 Outlet
 Links allow flow to be transported
(routed) from node to node
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 14
Civil 3D and SSA Workflow
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 15
Typical Workflow With Civil 3D
 Layout storm system in Civil 3D (rules applied to design system in 3-
dimensions)
 Establish subbasins for storm system in Civil 3D (use catchment object
tool, water drop tool)
 Edit System in SSA
 Define project and analysis options
 Connect gutters, Refine model as necessary
 Run the analysis
 View analysis output results
 Adjust pipe sizing as necessary to handle the analyzed storms
 Export the file to .STM from SSA
 Import the file into Civil 3D
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 16
.STM File Interoperability Notes
 Parts Conversion is based on
Part Matching Settings within a
set Parts List

OR

 User can allow part family
swapping (including custom
parts) via Pipe Network Feature
Settings



©2010 Autodesk, Slide 17
Hydraflow/SSA Differences
©2012 Autodesk
Portfolio Differences
Hydraflow
Extension
Simple SCS Design
Methods, Simple
Hydrology
Simple Hydraulic
Calculations,
Standard Step
Peak Flow
Storm and Sanitary
Analysis (SSA)
Continuous Rainfall,
Design Methods, Complex
Hydrology
Complex Hydraulic
Calculation
Dynamic Wave
Continuity
©2012 Autodesk
Side-by-Side
Hydraflow
FHWA HEC-22 Chapter 4
Inlet Calculations
No capability
Hydrographs: Pond and Channel
Routing
SSA
FHWA HEC-22 Chapter 4
Custom Performance Curves
Neenah Inlets
Pumps & Forcemains,
Flow Reversal,
Back-pitched pipes
Pond Routing, Overland,
Channel Flow Routing of pipe
network
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 20
Storm Sewer
Modeling and Analysis
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 21
Drainage Analysis
In this example, you will see how to:
 Model and analyze storm sewer networks in Civil 3D and Storm
and Sanitary Analysis
 Use tools SSA to set Project and Analysis options and
methodologies to accurately analyze the system
 Produce reports summarizing the design and analysis of drainage
systems
 Bring analyzed and adjusted network back to Civil 3D to update the
design model

©2010 Autodesk, Slide 22
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 23
• Overview of Workflow
• Confirm catchment objects are associated
with pipe networks
• Select pipe network
• Use Edit in SSA button from Ribbon
• Automatically opens SSA and imports
data, choose new project
• Review properties and drawing
information brought over:
• DWG file placed in background
• Conversion of Catchment objects to
SSA subbasin elements
• Pipes become links
• Structures become junctions




Storm and Sanitary Analysis – Edit in SSA
Drainage with SSA
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 24
Detention Pond
Modeling and Analysis
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 25
Pond Design & Analysis
In this example, you will see how to:
 Model and analyze detention basins in Civil 3D and Storm and
Sanitary Analysis
 Use tools in Civil 3D and Storm and Sanitary Analysis to determine
site hydrology for a number of methodologies
 Produce reports summarizing the design and analysis of
stormwater management basins
 Account for current regulatory requirements, such as infiltration

©2010 Autodesk, Slide 26
• Overview of Workflow
• In Civil 3D, prepare pond surface for stage storage analysis
• Run stage storage tool and create table
• Setup storage node in SSA file
• Create a storage curve based on data from Civil 3D
• Establish elevations of storage node
• Create an emergency spillway in SSA
• Model an outlet structure with an orifice and weirs
• Configure exfiltration
• Run analysis and review results





Detention Ponds in Civil 3D and SSA
Drainage with SSA
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 27
©2011 Autodesk

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