©2011 Autodesk

Drainage Design and Analysis with
Autodesk Storm and Sanitary Analysis (SSA)

Steve Stamatoplos
Civil Technical Specialist
Engineering, Natural Resources, Infrastructure
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 2
Introduction and Overview
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 3
SSA History…
 Autodesk, Inc. acquired certain assets of
BOSS International, including BOSS
StormNET Stand-Alone technology
 Launched it as Autodesk Storm and
Sanitary Analysis Stand-Alone 2011
 Now included with Infrastructure Design
Suite, Civil 3D, and Map 3D
 Software developed from latest version of
EPA SWMM engine
 Additional Hydrology methods
 Easy to use GUI
 Advanced Profile Plot
 Addition of FHWA HEC-22 Inlets, Neenah
Foundry, and Caltrans
 Interoperability with Autodesk Products

©2010 Autodesk, Slide 4
 In order to more seamlessly share
data with other software, SSA
provides the following
 AutoCAD DWG Support
 GIS Shapefile Support
 LandXML Import & Export
 Import & Export of Hydraflow Storm
Sewers Extension files (*.stm)
 Import & Export EPA SWMM Models
 Import & Export XPSWMM Models

©2010 Autodesk, Slide 5
Engineering Background
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 6
Hydrologic Capabilities of SSA
 SSA includes the following hydrology
methods to determine drainage area runoff:
 Rational Method
 Modified Rational Method
 DeKalb Rational Method
 NRCS (SCS) TR-20
 NRCS (SCS) TR-55
 Santa Barbara Unit Hydrograph (SBUH)
 US Army Corps HEC-1
 UK Hydrology (Wallingford Procedure
Modified Rational Method)

Project Options

©2010 Autodesk, Slide 7
Hydraulic Capabilities of SSA
 SSA includes the following
hydraulic routing methods:
 Steady Flow
 Kinematic Wave (default
 Hydrodynamic

Project Options
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 8
Hydrodynamic Routing
 Most sophisticated routing method
 Solves the complete 1-D Saint Venant flow
equations to produce the most accurate
 Accounts for pressurized flow, channel
storage, backwater effect, entrance and exit
losses, adverse slope conduits, looped
 Force Mains are modeled using Hazen-
Williams or Darcy-Weisbach equations
 Appropriate for any network analysis, method
of choice for systems subjected to backwater
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 9
Defining a Network Model
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 10
SSA Stormwater Model Representation
 Model is constructed using the
following elements:
 Subbasins
 Nodes
 Links
 Rainwater (called precipitation) falls
onto subbasins
 Runoff occurs within the subbasin,
and then enters a downstream
node (or another subbasin if using
EPA SWMM hydrology)
 Nodes are connected together
using links
 Links allow water to travel (called
routing) from node to node
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 11
Rainfall Data
 Intensity-Duration-Frequency
(IDF) data
 Rational, Modified Rational, Dekalb
Rational hydrology methods
 Rainfall data (Rainfall Designer)
 Used by all other hydrology methods
 US rainfall database
 3,700 locations
 Developed and validated from variety of
data sources (e.g., NJ DEQ, etc.)
 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, and 100yr storm
 24 hr duration
 Manual entry or import
 Numerous rainfall distributions
 SCS, IL Huff, IN Huff, Southern FL, etc.
 External rainfall file
IDF Curves
Rainfall Designer
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 12
Node Elements
 Nodes are a generic term used to represent
many nodal type elements
 J unction
 Manholes (storage accounted as 4 ft ø manhole)
 Computational point along a link, like along a stream or
internally within a pipe
 Storm drain inlets (catchbasins)
 Storage nodes
 Detention ponds
 Other storage type nodes where water is stored (e.g.,
junction box)
 Outfalls
 Nodes are computational points in the model
where WSEL is computed at each time step
 Locations where flow can enter the network
(inflows) or leave the network (outflows)
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 13
Link Elements
 Links are a generic term used to
represent many link type elements
 Conveyance Link
 Pipe
 Open channel (i.e., river, stream, ditch, gutter)
 Pump
 Orifice
 Weir (spillway)
 Outlet
 Links allow flow to be transported
(routed) from node to node
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 14
Civil 3D and SSA Workflow
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 15
Typical Workflow With Civil 3D
 Layout storm system in Civil 3D (rules applied to design system in 3-
 Establish subbasins for storm system in Civil 3D (use catchment object
tool, water drop tool)
 Edit System in SSA
 Define project and analysis options
 Connect gutters, Refine model as necessary
 Run the analysis
 View analysis output results
 Adjust pipe sizing as necessary to handle the analyzed storms
 Export the file to .STM from SSA
 Import the file into Civil 3D
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 16
.STM File Interoperability Notes
 Parts Conversion is based on
Part Matching Settings within a
set Parts List


 User can allow part family
swapping (including custom
parts) via Pipe Network Feature

©2010 Autodesk, Slide 17
Hydraflow/SSA Differences
©2012 Autodesk
Portfolio Differences
Simple SCS Design
Methods, Simple
Simple Hydraulic
Standard Step
Peak Flow
Storm and Sanitary
Analysis (SSA)
Continuous Rainfall,
Design Methods, Complex
Complex Hydraulic
Dynamic Wave
©2012 Autodesk
FHWA HEC-22 Chapter 4
Inlet Calculations
No capability
Hydrographs: Pond and Channel
FHWA HEC-22 Chapter 4
Custom Performance Curves
Neenah Inlets
Pumps & Forcemains,
Flow Reversal,
Back-pitched pipes
Pond Routing, Overland,
Channel Flow Routing of pipe
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 20
Storm Sewer
Modeling and Analysis
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 21
Drainage Analysis
In this example, you will see how to:
 Model and analyze storm sewer networks in Civil 3D and Storm
and Sanitary Analysis
 Use tools SSA to set Project and Analysis options and
methodologies to accurately analyze the system
 Produce reports summarizing the design and analysis of drainage
 Bring analyzed and adjusted network back to Civil 3D to update the
design model

©2010 Autodesk, Slide 22
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 23
• Overview of Workflow
• Confirm catchment objects are associated
with pipe networks
• Select pipe network
• Use Edit in SSA button from Ribbon
• Automatically opens SSA and imports
data, choose new project
• Review properties and drawing
information brought over:
• DWG file placed in background
• Conversion of Catchment objects to
SSA subbasin elements
• Pipes become links
• Structures become junctions

Storm and Sanitary Analysis – Edit in SSA
Drainage with SSA
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 24
Detention Pond
Modeling and Analysis
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 25
Pond Design & Analysis
In this example, you will see how to:
 Model and analyze detention basins in Civil 3D and Storm and
Sanitary Analysis
 Use tools in Civil 3D and Storm and Sanitary Analysis to determine
site hydrology for a number of methodologies
 Produce reports summarizing the design and analysis of
stormwater management basins
 Account for current regulatory requirements, such as infiltration

©2010 Autodesk, Slide 26
• Overview of Workflow
• In Civil 3D, prepare pond surface for stage storage analysis
• Run stage storage tool and create table
• Setup storage node in SSA file
• Create a storage curve based on data from Civil 3D
• Establish elevations of storage node
• Create an emergency spillway in SSA
• Model an outlet structure with an orifice and weirs
• Configure exfiltration
• Run analysis and review results

Detention Ponds in Civil 3D and SSA
Drainage with SSA
©2010 Autodesk, Slide 27
©2011 Autodesk

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