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Types of Poems

1. A haiku poem has three lines and 17 syllables.

Haiku poetry began almost 1000 years ago in Japan. Haiku poetry does not have to
rhyme but it does have to follow a certain pattern for the number of lines and
syllables. Titles are subtle, but the poem always describes something about nature.
Sensory details are very important. Must be written in present tense.
Lines 1 has five syllables.
Line 2 has seven syllables.
Line 3 has five syllables


An icy wind blows
The tree is lonely and cold
Its branches are bare.
by Karleen O'Connor
Want to see more Haiku
poems? Click here.
Winnie the Pooh Haiku (do not
submit a poem here)

2. A quatrain has four lines.
Lines 1 and 3 rhyme.
Lines 2 and 4 rhyme.
Rhyming lines should have about the
same number of syllables.
Lines 1 and 2 rhyme.
Lines 3 and 4 rhyme.
Rhyming lines should still be about the
same length.

High in the bright blue sky
A bird soared silently on the breeze
I saw him as he flew by
And wondered how he flew with such ease.

Examples of Quatrain Poems More Examples of Quatrain Poems

3. A cinquain has five lines.
Line 1 is one word (the title).
Line 2 is two words that describe the title.
Line 3 is three words that tell action.
Line 4 is four words that express feeling.
Line 5 is one word that recalls the title

Blowing, falling, piling,
Excitement - maybe no school!

More about Cinquain poems -
click here. (do not submit a
poem here)

See Cinquains written by
students - click here.

4. A limerick has five lines.
Edward Lear (1812-1888) made limericks popular kinds of poems. Some people think
that limericks were first written in the town of Limerick, Ireland.
The limerick has 5 lines; the 3rd & 4th lines are shorter than the others.
Lines 1, 2, and 5 have seven to ten syllables and rhyme with one another.
Lines 3 and 4 have five to seven syllables and also rhyme with each other.

There once was a seed in the sky.
That rode on the wind way up high.
The wind did die down.
Dropped the seed on the ground.
A flower will grow by and by.

5. A diamante poem is shaped like a diamond.
Click here to learn about a diamonte poem.

More diamante poems.
More about Diamonte Poems (do not submit
a poem here)

6. A couplet poem has rhyming stanzas, each made up of two
A stanza is a group of lines together in a poem. In a couplet poem, each stanza has
only two lines and they rhyme with each other.

Across the sky they seem to flow
As wind and currents gently blow.
The cumulus clouds in the sky,
Fluffy, white, and ever so high.
Their shapes and forms are most complex
Numbering at least a googolplex.
by Rebecca Wiggins

7. An acrostic poem spells a word downward.
The word acrostic is from the Greek for "end line," this is a multiple line poem that
spells a word downwards. Usually written about oneself in either phrases or list form.
Takes a
Stomach to
Handle this mess.

Now, make sure that in your notebook, you've written information of each of the 7
types of poems listed here. Be sure you understand how each poem is constructed.
What Is A Lyric Poem?

Lyric Poetry consists of a poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. The
term lyric is now commonly referred to as the words to a song. Lyric poetry does not tell a story which portrays
characters and actions. The lyric poet addresses the reader directly, portraying his or her own feeling, state of mind, and

A short poem with one speaker (not necessarily the poet) who expresses thought and feeling. Though it is sometimes used
only for a brief poem about feeling (like the sonnet).it is more often applied to a poem expressing the complex evolution
of thoughts and feeling, such as the elegy, the dramatic monologue, and the ode. The emotion is or seems personal In
classical Greece, the lyric was a poem written to be sung, accompanied by a lyre.

A type of emotional songlike poetry, distinguished from dramatic and narrative poetry.

Lyric poetry is a form of poetry with rhyming schemes that express personal and emotional feelings. In the ancient world,
lyric poems were meant to be played to the lyre. Lyric poems do not have to rhyme, and today do not need to be set to
music or a beat.

Highly musical verse that expresses the speaker's feelings and observations. In ancient times poems were sung with
accompaniment from a lyre. Modern lyric poems, although usually not sung, still possess musical qualities

A short poem of songlike quality.

Lyric Poems such as a sonnet or an ode, express the thoughts and feelings of the poet. Lyric poems do not tell a story
which portrays characters and actions. The lyric poet addresses the reader directly, portraying his or her own feelings,
state of mind, and perceptions.

Of or relating to a category of poetry that expresses subjective thoughts and feelings, often in a songlike style or form.

Lyrics are the written words in a song. Lyrics can be written during composition of a song or after the accompanying
music is composed. Sometimes, however, music is adapted to or written for a song or poem that has already been
written. Not all lyrics generally make sense or are even intelligible. This has long been a plaint about the work of rock
and roll lyricists, although it doesn't pertain only to that genre of music. From the Greek, a lyric is a song sung with a
lyre. Now, it is commonly used to mean a song of no defined length or structure. A lyric poem is one that expresses a
subjective, personal point of view.

Through the years, three main kinds of poetry have developed: lyric, narrative, and dramatic. Lyric poetry is any short
poem. Narrative poems are ones that tell stories, an epic or ballad. Dramatic poetry also tells a story, but in this case
one or more of the poem's characters acts out the story.

On the ancient Greek stage, a dramatic production often featured a chorus, which was a group of speakers, who
commented on the action of the play. When a single individual sang or spoke more personally and accompanied himself
on a lyre, the verse was called lyric. Thus, our present designation of lyric poetry includes personal, individual emotion.
The lyric does not tell a story as an epic or narrative poem does. Most poetry as we think of it is lyric poetry. There are
many subdivisions of lyric poetry. The weakest form is the song, especially popular songs that are heard frequently on the
radio. With the exception of the hymn and chant, most songs do not achieve the level of true poetry, even though they
employ some poetic devices. The words to songs are often inaccurately referred to as lyrics. The entire song is the
lyric. The next best-known lyric is the sonnet, which may be in the Petrarchan or Italian form, Elizabethan or
Shakespearean or English form, or the American or innovative form. The Petrarchan takes its name from the 13th century
Italian poet Petrarch. The Petrarchan sonnet consists of two stanzas: an octave of eight lines with the rime scheme
ABBAABBA and a sestet of six lines with a varied rime scheme CDE.

A poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. The term lyric is now generally
referred to as the words to a song.

In ancient Greece, lyric poetry was sung to the accompaniment of a musical instrument called a lyre, and its subject
matter embraced thoughts and sentiment, rather than heroic deeds or other classical subjects. Housman's "Loveliest of
Trees" provides an example of the personal insight associated with lyric poetry: "Loveliest of trees, the cherry now/Is
hung with bloom along the bough/And stands about the woodland ride/Wearing white for Eastertide./ Now, of my
threescore years and ten,/Twenty will not come again,/And take from seventy springs a score,/It only leaves me fifty
more./And since to look at things in bloom/Fifty springs are little room,/About the woodlands I will go/To see the cherry
hung with snow."

Meaning: A short poem of songlike quality. Classified under: Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents.
Synonyms: lyric poem; lyric. Hypernyms ("lyric poem" is a kind of...): poem; verse form (a composition written in metrical
feet forming rhythmical lines). Meronyms (parts of "lyric poem"): strophe (one section of a lyric poem or choral ode in
classical Greek drama); antistrophe (the section of a choral ode answering a previous strophe in classical Greek drama;
the second of two metrically corresponding sections in a poem). Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "lyric
poem"): ode (a lyric poem with complex stanza forms).

Lyric Poem Pictures. Click any thumbnail below to go to the full-sized version of that picture or photo.

A poem with song-like qualities, usually employing sensory details to convey an emotional experience. Lyric poems can
become songs with the addition of a tune. Ballads and sonnets are popular forms of lyric poems.