DEWEY DECIMAL CLASSIFICATION

CENTENNIAL 1876-1976

Facsimile reprinted by Forest Press Division Lake Placid Educational Foundation

Printed and Bound Kingsport Press, Inc. KINGSPORT, TENNESSEE

A CLASSIFICATION AND SUBJECT INDEX FOR CATALOGUING AND ARRANGING THE

DEWEY DECIMAL CLASSIFICATION

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BOOKS AND PAMPHLETS OF A LIBRARY.

AMHERST, MASS. 1876.
COPYRIGHTED 1876 MELVIL DEWEY

CONTENTS

PREFACE CLASSES DIVISIONS SUBJECT INDEX EXPLANATIONS SUBJECT CATALOGUE

BOOKS AND PAMPHLETS

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PREFACE
The plan of the following Classification and Index was developed early in 1873. It was the result of several months' study of library economy as found in some hundreds of books and pamphlets, and in over fifty personal visits to various American libraries. In this study, the author became convinced that the usefulness of these libraries might be greatly increased without additional expenditure. Three years practical use of the system here explained, leads him to believe that it will accomplish this result; for with its aid, the catalogues, shelf lists, indexes, and cross-references essential to this increased usefulness, can be made more economically than by any other method which he has been able to find. The system was devised for cataloguing and indexing purposes, but it was found on trial to be equally valuable for numbering and arranging books and pamphlets on the shelves. The library is first divided into nine special libraries which are called Classes. These Classes are Philosophy, Theology, &c., and are numbered with the nine digits. Thus Class 9 is the Library of History; Class 7, the Library of Fine Art; Class 2, the Library of Theology. These special libraries or Classes are then considered independently, and each one is separated again into nine special Divisions of the main subject. These Divisions are numbered from 1 to 9 as were the Classes. Thus 59 is the 9th Division (Zoology) of the 5th Class (Natural Science). A final division is then made by separating each of these Divisions into nine Sections which are numbered in the same way, with the nine digits. Thus 513 is the 3d Section (Geometry) of the 1st Division (Mathematics) of the 5th Class (Natural Science). This number, giving Class, Division, and Section, is called the Classification or Class Number, and is applied to every book or pamphlet belonging to the library. All the Geometries are thus numbered 513, all the Mineralogies 549, and so throughout the library, all the books on any given subject bear the number of that subject in the scheme. Where a 0 occurs in a class number, it has its normal zero power. Thus, a book numbered 510, is Class 5, Division 1, but no Section. This signifies that the book treats of the Division 51 (Mathematics) in general, and is not limited to any one Section, as is the Geometry, marked 513. If marked 500, it would indicate a treatise on Science in general, limited to no Division. A zero occurring in the first place would in the same way show that the book is limited to no Class. The classification is mainly made by subjects or content regardless of form; but it is found practically useful to make an additional distinction in these general treatises, according to the form of treatment adopted. Thus, in Science we have a large number of books treating of Science in general, and so having a 0 for the Division number. These books are then divided into Sections, as are those of the other Classes according to the form they have taken on. We have the Philosophy and History of Science, Scientific Compends, Dictionaries, Essays, Periodicals, Societies, Education, and Travels,--all having the common subject, NATURAL SCIENCE, but treating it in these varied forms. These form distinctions are introduced here because the number of general works is large, and the numerals allow of this division, without extra labor for the numbers from 501 to 509 would otherwise be unused. They apply only to the general treatises, which, without them, would have a class number ending with two zeros. A Dictionary of Mathematics is 510, not 503, for every book is assigned to the most specific head that will contain it, so that 503 is limited to Dictionaries or Cyclopedias of Science in general. In the same way a General Cyclopedia or Periodical treats of no one class, and so is assigned to the Class 0. These books treating of no special class, but general in their character, are divided into Cyclopedias, Periodicals, etc. No difficulty is found in following the arithmetical law and omitting the initial zero, so these numbers are printed 31, 32, etc., instead of 031, 032, etc. The selection and arrangement of the thousand headings of the classification cannot be explained in detail for want of space. In all the work, philosophical theory and accuracy have been made to yield to practical usefulness. The impossibility of making a satisfactory classification of all knowledge as preserved in books, has been appreciated from the first, and nothing of the kind attempted. Theoretical harmony and exactness has been repeatedly sacrificed to the practical requirements of the library or to the convenience of the department in the college. As in every scheme, many minor subjects have been put under general heads to which they do not strictly belong. In some cases these headings have been printed in a distinctive type, e. g., 429

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Anglo-Saxon, under ENGLISH PHILOLOGY. The rule has been to assign these subjects to the most nearly allied heads, or where it was thought they would be most useful. The only alternative was to omit them altogether. If any such omission occurs, it is unintentional and will be supplied as soon as discovered. Wherever practicable the heads have been so arranged that each subject is preceded and followed by the most nearly allied subjects and thus the greatest convenience is secured both in the catalogues and on the shelves. Theoretically, the division of every subject into just nine heads is absurd. Practically, it is desirable that the classification be as minute as possible without the use of additional figures, and the decimal principle on which our scheme hinges allows nine divisions as readily as a less number. This principle has proved wholly satisfactory in practice though it appears to destroy proper co-ordination in some places. It has seemed best in our library to use uniformly three figures in the class number. This enables us to classify certain subjects very minutely, giving, for example, an entire section to Chess. But the History of England has only one section, as our scheme is developed, and thus the two might be said to be co-ordinated. The apparent difficulty in such cases is entirely obviated by the use of a fourth figure, giving nine sub-sections to any subject of sufficient importance to warrant closer classification. In history where the classification is made wholly by countries, a fourth figure is added to give a division into periods. As the addition of each figure gives a ten-fold division, any desired degree of minuteness may be secured in the classing of special subjects. The apparent lack of co-ordination arises from the fact that only the first three figures of these more important heads are as yet printed, the fourth figure and the sub-sections being supplied on the catalogues in manuscript. Should the growth of any of these sub-sections warrant it, a fifth figure will be added, for the scheme admits of expansion without limit. The arrangement of headings has been sometimes modified to secure a mnemonic aid in numbering and finding books without the Index. For instance, the scheme is so arranged that China has always the number 1. In Ancient History, it has the first section, 931: in Modern History, under Asia, it has 951: in Philology, the Chinese language appears as 491. After the same manner the Indian number is 2; Egyptian, 4; English, 2; German, 3; French, 4; Italian, 5; Spanish, 6; European, 4; Asian, 5; African, 6; North American, 7; South American, 8; and so for all the divisions by languages or countries. The Italian 5, for instance, will be noticed in 35, 55, 450, 755, 850, and 945. This mnemonic principle is specially prominent in Philology and Literature and their divisions, and in the form distinctions used in the first 9 sections of each class. Materials, Methods, or Theory occurring anywhere as a head, bears always the number 1. Dictionaries and Cyclopedias, 3; Essays, 4; Periodicals, 5; Associations, Institutions, and Societies, 6; Education, 7; Collections, 9. In the numerous cases where several minor heads have been grouped together under the head Other, it always bears the number 9. Wherever practicable, this principle is carried out in sub-dividing the sections. For instance, the Geology of North America, which bears the number 557 is sub-divided by adding the sections of 970 (History of North America). The Geology of Mexico then bears the number 5578: mnemonically, the first 5 is the Science number; the second 5, Geology; the 7, North America; and the 8, Mexico. Any library attendant or reader after using the scheme a short time will recognize at a glance, any catalogue or ledger entry, book or pamphlet, marked 5578 as something on the Geology of Mexico. Users of the scheme will notice this mnemonic principle in several hundred places in the classification, and will find it of great practical utility in numbering and finding books without the aid of Catalogue or Index, and in determining the character of any book simply from its call number as recorded on the book, on all its catalogue and cross reference cards, on the ledger, and in the check box. In naming the headings, brevity has been secured in many cases at the sacrifice of exactness. It was thought more important to have short, familiar titles for the headings than that the names given should express with fullness and exactness the character of all books catalogued under them. Many subjects, apparently omitted, will be found in the Index, assigned, with allied subjects, to a heading which bears the name of the most important only. Reference to this Subject Index will decide at once any doubtful points. In arranging books in the classification, as in filling out the scheme, practical usefulness has been esteemed the most important thing. The effort has been to put each book under the subject to the student of which it

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would be most useful. The content or the real subject of which a book treats, and not the form or the accidental wording of the title, determines its place. Following this rule, a Philosophy of Art is put with Art, not with Philosophy; a History of Mathematics, with Mathematics, not with History; for the philosophy and history are simply the form which these books have taken. The true content or subject is Art, and Mathematics, and to the student of these subjects they are most useful. The predominant tendency or obvious purpose of the book, usually decides its class number at once; still many books treat of two or more different subjects, and in such cases it is assigned to the place where it will be most useful, and underneath the class number are written the numbers of any other subjects on which it also treats. These Cross References are given both on the plate and the subject card as well as on the cross reference card. If a book treats of a majority of the sections of any division, it is given the Division number instead of the most important Section number with cross references. Collected works, libraries, etc., are either kept together and assigned like individual books to the most specific head that will contain them; or assigned to the most prominent of the various subjects on which they treat with cross references from the others; or are separated and the parts classed as independent works. Translations are classed with their originals. The Alphabetical Subject Index is designed to guide, both in numbering and in finding the books. In numbering, the most specific head that will contain the book having been determined, reference to that head in the Index will give the class number to which it should be assigned. In finding books on any given subject, reference to the Index will give the number under which they are to be sought on the shelves, in the Shelf Catalogue, or in the Subject Catalogue. The Index gives after each subject the number of the class to which it is assigned. Most names of countries, towns, animals, plants, minerals, diseases, &c, have been omitted, the aim being to furnish an Index of Subjects on which books are written, and not a Gazetteer or a Dictionary of all the nouns in the language. Such subjects will be found as special chapters or sections of books on the subjects given in the Index. The names of individual subjects of biographies will be found in the Class List of Biography. Omissions of any of the more general subjects will be supplied when brought to notice. In arranging the books on the shelves, the absolute location by shelf and book number is wholly abandoned, the relative location by class and book number being one of the most valuable features of the plan. The class number serves also as the location number and the shelf number in common use is entirely dispensed with. Accompanying the class number is the book number, which prevents confusion of different books on the same subject. Thus the first Geometry catalogued is marked 513-1; the second 513-2, and so on to any extent, the last number showing how many books the library has on that subject. The books of each section are all together, and arranged by book numbers, and these sections are also arranged in simple numerical order throughout the library. The call number 513-11 signifies not the 11th book on shelf 513; or alcove 5, range 1, shelf 3, as in most libraries, but signifies the 11th book in subject 513 or the 11th Geometry belonging to the library. In finding the book, the printed numbers on the backs are followed, the upper being the class and the lower the book number. The class is found in its numerical order among the classes as the shelf is found in the ordinary system: the book in its numerical order in the class. The shelves are not numbered, as the increase of different departments, the opening of new rooms, and any arrangement of classes to bring the books most circulated nearest to the delivery desk, will bring different class numbers on a given shelf. New books as received are numbered and put into place, in the same way that new titles are added to the card catalogue. The single digit occasionally prefixed to the book number, e.g. the 3 in 421-3-7 is the nearest height in decimeters of books too large to be put on the regular library shelves, which are only 2½ decimeters apart. The great mass of the library consists of 2-decimeter books, the size numbers of which are omitted. Books from 2½ to 3½ decimeters in height have 3 prefixed to the book number, and are found on the bottom shelf of each range. The larger sizes are prefixed with 4, 5, &c., and are found on the special shelves provided, in order to avoid the great waste of space otherwise occasioned by the relative location. By this use of the size numbers a close economy of space is secured.

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Thus all the books on any given subject are found standing together, and no additions or changes ever separate them. Not only are all the books on the subject sought, found together, but the most nearly allied subjects precede and follow, they in turn being preceded and followed by other allied subjects as far as practicable. Readers not having access to the shelves find the short titles arranged in the same order on the Shelf Catalogue, and the full titles, imprints, cross references, notes, &c., on the Subject Catalogue. The uncatalogued pamphlets treating of any subject bear the same class number and are arranged on the shelves immediately after the books of each section. In both the Authors' Catalogue and the Subject Index, brevity has been studied because of the economy, but more because of the much greater ease of reference to a short title catalogue. The custom of giving full titles, etc., under authors, and only references or very brief titles under subjects, has been reversed. A reader seeking a book of a known author, in the vast majority of cases, wants simply the number by which to call for it, and can find it much sooner in a brief title catalogue. In the rare cases where more is needed the class number refers instantly to all these facts on the cards. On the other hand, a reader seeking books on a known subject, needs the full title, imprint, cross-references, and notes, to enable him to choose the book best suited to his wants. The Subject Catalogue is a full title Shelf List on cards and is for the use of the public. The Shelf List is a short title Subject Catalogue in book form, made of separate sheets laced into an Emerson binder, and is for official use. We thus have without extra labor, both full and short title Subject Catalogues and Shelf Lists. The public Authors' Catalogue is a printed volume; the official Authors' Catalogue or Index is on cards. As a result each of the public Catalogues is checked by an official Catalogue; each of the card Catalogues by a book Catalogue; each of the brief title catalogues by a full title catalogue--an advantage that will be appreciated by all librarians desiring accuracy of administration and catalogues. The Arabic numerals can be written and found more quickly, and with less danger of confusion or mistake, than any other symbols whatever. Therefore the Roman numerals, capitals and small letters, and similar symbols usually found in systems of classification are entirely discarded and by the exclusive use of Arabic numerals in their regular order throughout the shelves, classifications, indexes, catalogues and records, there is secured the greatest accuracy, economy, and convenience. This advantage is specially prominent in comparison with systems where the name of the author or the title must be written in calling for or charging books and in making references. Throughout the catalogues the number of a book shows not only where it is but what it is. On the library accounts the character of each person's reading is clearly indicated by the numbers charged, and the minutest statistics of circulation in any subject are made by simply counting the call slips in the check box, and recording the number against the class number in the record. By the use of size numbers the greatest possible economy of space may be secured, for the size distinction may be made for every inch or even less if desired, and this without additional labor, as it will be seen that the size figure, when introduced, requires one less figure in the book number, and so does not increase the number of digits as would at first appear. Parts of sets, and books on the same or allied subjects, are never separated as they are sure to be, sooner or later, in every library arranged on the common plan, unless it be frequently re-arranged and re-catalogued. The great expense of this re-cataloguing makes it impracticable except for a few very wealthy libraries. In this system the catalogue and book numbers remain unchanged through all changes of shelving, buildings, or arrangement. In addition to its own peculiar merits, this plan has all the advantages of the card catalogue principle and of the relative location, which have been used and very strongly approved by prominent libraries.

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As in the card catalogue system, there is room for indefinite expansion without devices or provisions. Space is the only requisite and if the shelf room is exhausted, the floor space is equally good, except for the inconvenience of stooping. Some prominent opponents of classed catalogues have admitted that the Subject Index, in deciding where to class a book at first, and where to look for it ever afterwards, has removed their strongest objections. Certainly it would be impossible to make an Index more cheaply or more easy of reference, it being a single alphabet, of single words, followed by single numbers. These class numbers applied to pamphlets have proved specially satisfactory. The number is written on the upper left corner and the pamphlets are arranged either in pamphlet cases with the books on the same subject or on special shelves divided every decimeter by perpendicular sections. As each pamphlet is examined when received into the library, it is the work of a single moment to pencil on it its class number. There is no expense whatever incurred, and yet the entire pamphlet resources of the library on any subject can be produced almost instantly. The immense advantages of this plan over those in common use, both in economy and usefulness, will be appreciated by every librarian caring for a pamphlet collection. A catalogue of authors may be made on slips if desired. The pamphlets themselves are the best Subject Catalogue. Though designed wholly for library use, the plan has proved of great service in preserving newspaper clippings in large envelopes arranged by class numbers; and more especially in taking the place of the common note-book and Index Rerum. Slips of uniform size are used with the class number of the subject written on the corner. Minute alphabetical headings are used under each class number, the slips being arranged in numerical order like the Subject Card Catalogue. Clippings and notes arranged in this way are at all times their own complete index, and have the same advantages over the common scrap and note-books that the Subject Catalogue has over the Accessions Book, in looking up the resources of the library on any given subject. Those who have tried this method are so enthusiastic in its praise that it seemed worthy of mention in this place. The plan was adopted in the Amherst College Library in 1873, and the work of transferring the entire library to the new catalogue at once commenced. It was found entirely practicable to make the change gradually, as means allowed, without interfering in any appreciable degree with the circulation of the books. The three years trial to which it has been there subjected has more than justified the claims of its friends, and it is now printed with the more confidence on this account. It has been kept in manuscript up to this time, in order that the many minor details might be subjected to actual trial and modified where improvement was possible. The labor involved in preparing the Classification and Index has been wholly beyond the appreciation of any who have never attempted a similar task. Much valuable aid has been rendered by specialists in many departments, and nearly every member of the Faculty has given advice from time to time. Among the many to whom thanks are due, special mention should be made of Mr. C.A. Cutter, the librarian of the Boston Athenæum, and Mr. John Fiske, of the Harvard University library, for valuable suggestions and appreciative criticism. While these friends are in no way responsible for any remaining imperfections in the scheme, they should have credit for many improvements which have been made during these three years of revision. The essential character of the plan has remained unchanged from the first. Doubtless other improvements are still possible, and it is hoped that users of the scheme will call attention to any proposed change in the naming or arrangement of the headings, or to any omission which should be supplied in the Subject Index. Before printing, the plan was submitted to quite a number of librarians for criticism. Among the hundreds of points raised as to its practical workings and usefulness there was only one in which it was not shown to be equal or superior to any other system known. This objection applied only to the arrangement on the shelves; not at all to the catalogues or indexes. It was, that in this relative location, a book which this year stands, e.g., at the end of a certain shelf; may not be on that shelf at all another year, because of the uneven growth of the parts of the library. This slight objection inheres in any system where the books are arranged by subjects

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rather than by windows, doors, shelves, and similar non-intellectual distinctions. In this hurriedly prepared account of his plan, the author has doubtless failed to meet many objections which may be raised and which he could easily answer. He would therefore ask the privilege of replying personally to any such objections, where they arise, believing that it will be possible to answer, if not all, at least a very large proportion. In his varied reading, correspondence, and conversation on the subject, the author doubtless received suggestions and gained ideas which it is now impossible for him to acknowledge. Perhaps the most fruitful source of ideas was the Nuovo Sistema di Catalogo Bibliografico Generale of Natale Battezzati, of Milan. Certainly he is indebted to this system adopted by the Italian publishers in 1871, though he has copied nothing from it. The plan of the St. Louis Public School Library, and that of the Apprentices' Library of New York, which in some respects resemble his own, were not seen till all the essential features were decided upon, though not given to the public. In filling the nine classes of the scheme the inverted Baconian arrangement of the St. Louis Library has been followed. The author has no desire to claim original invention for any part of his system where another has been before him, and would most gladly make specific acknowledgment of every aid and suggestion were it in his power to do so. With these general explanations and acknowledgments he submits the scheme, hoping it may prove as useful to others as it has to himself. AMHERST COLLEGE LIBRARY, June 10th, 1876.

Those interested will find fuller explanations and remarks in the Library volume now being printed by the Bureau of Education at Washington.

CLASSES

(GENERAL) PHILOSOPHY THEOLOGY SOCIOLOGY

CLASSES

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PHILOLOGY NATURAL SCIENCE USEFUL ARTS FINE ARTS LITERATURE HISTORY

DIVISIONS

0 (General). 10 BIBLIOGRAPHY. 20 BOOK RARITIES. 30 GENERAL CYCLOPEDIAS. 40 POLYGRAPHY. 50 GENERAL PERIODICALS. 60 GENERAL SOCIETIES. 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 Philosophy.
METAPHYSICS. ANTHROPOLOGY. SCHOOLS OF PSYCHOLOGY. MENTAL FACULTIES. LOGIC. ETHICS. ANCIENT PHILOSOPHIES. MODERN PHILOSOPHIES.

500 510 520 530 540 550 560 570 580 590 600 610 620 630 640 650 660 670 680 690

Natural Science.
MATHEMATICS. ASTRONOMY. PHYSICS. CHEMISTRY. GEOLOGY. PALEONTOLOGY. BIOLOGY. BOTANY. ZOOLOGY.

Useful Arts.
MEDICINE. ENGINEERING. AGRICULTURE. DOMESTIC ECONOMY. COMMUNICATION AND COMMERCE. CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY. MANUFACTURES. MECHANIC TRADES. BUILDING.

DIVISIONS

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200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 410 420 430 440 450 460 470 480 490 Theology.
NATURAL THEOLOGY. BIBLE. DOCTRINAL THEOLOGY. PRACTICAL AND DEVOTIONAL. HOMILETICAL AND PASTORAL. INSTITUTIONS AND MISSIONS. ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. CHRISTIAN SECTS. NON-CHRISTIAN RELIGIONS.

700 710 720 730 740 750 760 770 780 790 800 810 820 830 840 850 860 870 880 890 900 910 920 930 940 950 960 970 980 990

Fine Arts.
LANDSCAPE GARDENING. ARCHITECTURE. SCULPTURE. DRAWING AND DESIGN. PAINTING. ENGRAVING. PHOTOGRAPHY. MUSIC. AMUSEMENTS.

Sociology.
STATISTICS. POLITICAL SCIENCE. POLITICAL ECONOMY. LAW. ADMINISTRATION. ASSOCIATIONS AND INSTITUTIONS. EDUCATION. COMMERCE AND COMMUNICATION. CUSTOMS AND COSTUMES.

Literature.
TREATISES AND COLLECTIONS. ENGLISH. GERMAN. FRENCH. ITALIAN. SPANISH. LATIN. GREEK. OTHER LANGUAGES.

Philology.
COMPARATIVE. ENGLISH. GERMAN. FRENCH. ITALIAN. SPANISH. LATIN. GREEK. OTHER LANGUAGES.

History.
GEOGRAPHY AND DESCRIPTION. BIOGRAPHY. ANCIENT HISTORY. Modern EUROPE. Modern ASIA. Modern AFRICA. Modern NORTH AMERICA. Modern SOUTH AMERICA. Modern OCEANICA AND POLAR REGIONS.

(GENERAL).

0 1 2 3

50 51 52 53

General Periodicals. American. English. German.

(GENERAL).

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4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 Bibliography. General Bibliographies. Special Forms. Manuscripts. Anonyms, Pseudonyms, &c. Special Countries. Special Subjects. Subject Catalogues. Authors' Catalogues. Library Economy and Reports. Book Rarities. Manuscripts. Block Books. Early Printed. Celebrated Printers. Celebrated Binders. Materials. Ownership. Prohibited. Other. General Cyclopedias. American. English. German. French. Italian. Spanish. Slavic. Scandinavian. Other. Polygraphy. American. English. German. French. Italian. Spanish. Slavic. Scandinavian. Other. 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 French. Italian. Spanish. Slavic. Scandinavian. Other. General Societies. American. English. German. French. Italian. Spanish. Slavic. Scandinavian. Other.

(GENERAL).

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PHILOSOPHY.

100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136

Philosophy. Compends. Dictionaries. Essays. Periodicals. Societies. Education. History. Metaphysics. Ontology. Methodology. Cosmology.

150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179

Mental Faculties. Intellect. Sense. Understanding. Memory. Reason. Imagination. Susceptibility. Instincts. Will. Logic. Inductive. Deductive. Assent.

Ethics. Theoretical. State. Family. Business. Amusements. Sexual. Social. Temperance. Other. Ancient Philosophies. Oriental. Early Greek. Sophistic and Socratic. Platonic. Aristotelian. Pyrrhonist and New Platonist.

Anthropology. Mental physiology and hygiene. Mental derangements. Delusions, witchcraft, magic. Mesmerism. Sleep, dreams, somnambulism. Sexes.

180 181 182 183 184 185 186

PHILOSOPHY.

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137 Temperaments. 138 Physiognomy. 139 Phrenology. 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 Schools of Psychology. Idealistic. Critical. Intuitive. Empirical. Sensational. Materialistic. Pantheistic. Eclectic. Other. 187 Epicurean. 188 Stoic. 189 Patristic. 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 Modern Philosophies. Scotch and American. English. German. French. Italian. Spanish. Arabian. Scholastic. Other.

THEOLOGY

200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219

Theology. Philosophy. Compends. Dictionaries. Essays. Periodicals. Societies. Education. History. Natural Theology. Theism and Atheism. Pantheism. Creation. Providence. Religion and science. Evil. Prayer. Future Life.

250 Homiletical and Pastoral. 251 Homiletics. 252 Sermons. 253 Doctrinal. 254 Practical. 255 Religion and Science. 256 Political. 257 Ordination. 258 Expository. 259 Commemorative. 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 Institutions and missions. Church. Ecclesiastical polity. Sabbath. Baptism. Lord's Supper. Missions. Foreign. Sunday schools. Revivals.

220 Bible. 221 Old Testament. 222 Historical books.

270 Ecclesiastical History. 271 Religious orders. 272 Persecutions.

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223 Poetical books. 224 Prophetical books. 225 New Testament. 226 Gospels and Acts. 227 Epistles. 228 Apocalypse. 229 Apocrypha. 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 Doctrinal. God. Christ. Man. Salvation. Angels. Death and resurrection. Future state. Inspiration. Apologetics. Practical and Devotional. Didactic. Meditative. Hortatory. Ritual. Hymnology. Public worship. Social worship. Private worship. Religious fiction and anecdote. 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 Doctrines. Europe. Asia. Africa. North America. South America. Oceanica. Christian Sects. Oriental. Roman Catholic. English and Protestant Episcopal. Presbyterian. Congregational. Baptist. Methodist. Unitarian and Universalist. Other Christian sects.

290 Non-Christian Religions. 291 Comparative mythology. 292 Greek and Roman mythology. 293 Norse mythology. 294 Brahmanism and Buddhism. 295 Parseeism. 296 Judaism. 297 Mohammedanism. 298 Mormonism. 299 Other.

SOCIOLOGY.

300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309

Sociology. Philosophy. Compends. Dictionaries. Essays. Periodicals. Societies.

History.

350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359

Administration. Civil Service. Treasury. Interior. Police. Army. Infantry. Cavalry. Artillery. Navy.

SOCIOLOGY.

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310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 Statistics. Methods. Progress of population. Progress of civilization. Europe. Asia. Africa. North America. South America. Oceanica. Political Science. Patriarchal Institutions. Feudal Institutions. Monarchic Institutions. Republican Institutions. Colonies and Emigration. Slavery. Foreign and Domestic relations. Legislative annals. Political essays and speeches. Political Economy. Capital and labor. Banks and money. Stocks, rents, and income. Credit and interest. Communism. Public funds and taxation. Protection and free trade. Production. Pauperism. Law. International. Constitutional and administrative. Statute and common. Equity. Criminal. Maritime. Martial. Civil and Canon. Evidence and Forms of practice. 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 Associations and Institutions. Charitable. Religious. Political. Reformatory and Sanitary. Prisons. Secret Societies. Trades Unions. Insurance. Other. Education. Teachers, methods, and discipline. Elementary. Higher. Self-education. Classical and real. Female. Religious and secular. Schools and Colleges. Reports. Commerce, Communication. Domestic trade. Foreign trade. Post office. Telegraph. Railroad and express. Canal transportation. River and ocean transportation. City transit. Weights and measures. Customs and Costumes. Ancient. Medieval. Modern. Europe. Asia. Africa. North America. South America. Oceanica.

SOCIOLOGY.

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PHILOLOGY.

400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439

Philology. Philosophy. Compends. Dictionaries. Essays. Periodicals. Societies. Education. Universal Language. History. Comparative. Orthography. Etymology. Dictionaries. Phonology. Grammar. Prosody. Inscriptions. Texts. Hieroglyphics. English. Orthography. Etymology. Dictionaries. Synonyms. Grammar. Prosody. Dialects. Texts. Anglo-Saxon. German. Orthography. Etymology. Dictionaries. Synonyms. Grammar. Prosody. Dialects. Texts. Dutch and Low German.

450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489

Italian. Orthography. Etymology. Dictionaries. Synonyms. Grammar. Prosody. Dialects. Texts. Romansh and Wallachian. Spanish. Orthography. Etymology. Dictionaries. Synonyms. Grammar. Prosody. Dialects. Texts. Portuguese. Latin. Orthography. Etymology. Dictionaries. Synonyms. Grammar. Prosody. Dialects. Texts. Medieval Latin. Greek. Orthography. Etymology. Dictionaries. Synonyms. Grammar. Prosody. Dialects. Texts. Modern Greek.

440 French. 441 Orthography.

490 Other Languages. 491 Chinese.

PHILOLOGY.

16

Dewey Decimal Classification
442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 Etymology. Dictionaries. Synonyms. Grammar. Prosody. Dialects. Texts. Old French, Provençal. 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 Egyptian. Semitic. Indian. Iranian. Keltic. Slavic. Scandinavian. Other.

NATURAL SCIENCE.

500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 5l0 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528

Natural Science. Philosophy. Compends. Dictionaries. Essays. Periodicals. Societies. Education. Travels. History. Mathematics. Arithmetic. Algebra. Geometry. Trigonometry. Conic sections. Analytical geometry. Calculus. Quaternions. Probabilities. Astronomy. Theoretical. Practical. Descriptive. Maps. Observations. Figure of the earth. Navigation. Almanacs.

550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578

Geology. Physical Geography, Meteorology. Lithology. Dynamical geology. Europe. Asia. Africa. North America. South America. Oceanica. Paleontology. Plants. Invertebrates. Protozoa and Radiates. Mollusca. Articulates. Vertebrates. Fishes. Reptiles and Birds. Mammals. Biology. Prehistoric Archæology. Ethnology. Natural History of Man. Homologies. Evolution. Embryology. Spontaneous generation. Microscopy.

NATURAL SCIENCE.

17

Dewey Decimal Classification
529 Chronology. 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 Physics. Mechanics. Hydrostatics. Pneumatics. Acoustics. Optics. Heat. Electricity. Magnetism. Molecular physics. Chemistry. Theoretical. Experimental. Analysis. Qualitative. Quantitative. Inorganic. Organic. Crystallography. Mineralogy. 579 Collectors' Manuals. 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 Botany. Physiological. Systematic. Ornamental. Europe. Asia. Africa. North America. South America. Oceanica. Zoology. Comparative Anatomy. Invertebrates. Protozoa and Radiates. Mollusca. Articulates. Vertebrates. Fishes. Reptiles and Birds. Mammals.

USEFUL ARTS.

600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614

Useful Arts. Philosophy. Compends. Dictionaries. Essays. Periodicals. Societies. Education. Patents. History. Medicine. Anatomy. Physiology. Hygiene. Public health.

650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664

Communication, Commerce. Writing. Penmanship. Short hand. Telegraphy. Printing. Navigation and transportation. Book-keeping. Business manuals. Other. Chemical Technology. Chemicals. Pyrotechnics. Wines, liquors, and ales. Sugar, salt, starch, etc.

USEFUL ARTS.

18

Dewey Decimal Classification
615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 Materia medica and therapeutics. Pathology, theory and practice. Surgery and dentistry. Obstetrics and sexual science. Veterinary medicine. Engineering. Mechanical. Topographical. Military. Bridge. Road and railroad. Canal. Harbor. Hydraulic and mining. Instruments and field books. Agriculture. Soil and preparation. Pests and hindrances. Productions of the soil. Fruits. Garden. Domestic animals. Dairy. Bees and silkworm. Fishing, trapping. Domestic Economy. Cookery. Confectionery. Food and dining. Fuel and lights. Furniture. Clothing and toilet. Servants. Laundry. Nursery and sick-room. 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 Gas. Glass. Dyeing and bleaching. Assaying. Metallurgy. Manufactures. Metals. Iron. Marble, stone, and brick. Wood. Leather and rubber. Paper. Textile fabrics. Cotton. Other. Mechanic Trades. Watch and instrument-making. Blacksmithing. Lock and gun-making. Carriage and cabinet-making. Saddlery and shoe-making. Book-binding. Clothes-making. Other. Building. Materials. Plans and specifications. Masonry. Carpentry. Slating and tiling. Plumbing. Warming and ventilation. Painting, glazing, and paper-hanging. Car and Ship-building.

FINE ARTS.

FINE ARTS.

19

Dewey Decimal Classification
700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 Fine Arts. Philosophy. Compends. Dictionaries. Essays. Periodicals. Societies. Education. Galleries. History. Landscape Gardening. Parks. Private grounds. Walks and drives. Water. Trees and hedges. Plants and flowers. Arbors. Monuments. Cemeteries. Architecture. Architectural construction. Ancient and Oriental. Medieval. Modern. Public buildings. Church. School. Domestic and rural. Of special countries. Sculpture. Materials and methods. Ancient. Greek and Roman. Medieval. Modern. Carving. Numismatics. Pottery and bronzes. Collections. Drawing and Design. Free-hand. Perspective. Art anatomy. Mathematical drawing. Ornamental design. Ancient. 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 Painting. Materials and methods. Color. Flemish and Dutch Schools. French. Italian. Other schools. Portrait. Landscape. Collections. Engraving. Wood. Steel and Copper. Lithography. Chromolithography. Line and Stipple. Mezzotint and Aquatint. Etching. Bank Note and Machine. Collections. Photography. Materials. Ambrotype and Daguerreotype. Photograph. Heliotype, Albertype, etc. Photolithography. Stereoscopic. Portrait. Landscape. Collections. Music. Theory. Dramatic. Church. Vocal. Instrumental. Piano and Organ. Stringed instruments. Wind instruments. Associations and institutions. Amusements. Entertainments. Theatre. In-door amusements. Chess. Other games. Out-door sports.

FINE ARTS.

20

Dewey Decimal Classification
747 Medieval. 748 Modern. 749 Collections. 797 798 799 Boating and ball. Horsemanship and racing. Fishing, hunting, shooting.

LITERATURE.

800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829

Literature. Philosophy. Compends. Dictionaries. Essays. Periodicals. Societies.

History. Treatises and Collections. Poetry. Drama. Romance. Essays. Rhetoric and oratory. Letters. Satire. Humor. Miscellany. English Literature. English Poetry. English Drama. English Romance. English Essays. English Oratory. English Letters. English Satire. English Humor. English Miscellany.

850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879

Italian Literature. Italian Poetry. Italian Drama. Italian Romance. Italian Essays. Italian Oratory. Italian Letters. Italian Satire. Italian Humor. Italian Miscellany. Spanish Literature. Spanish Poetry. Spanish Drama. Spanish Romance. Spanish Essays. Spanish Oratory. Spanish Letters. Spanish Satire. Spanish Humor. Spanish Miscellany. Latin Literature. Latin Poetry. Dramatic. Epic. Lyric. Latin Oratory. Latin Letters. Latin Satire. Latin Philosophy. Latin History.

830 German Literature. 831 German Poetry. 832 German Drama.

880 Greek Literature. 881 Greek Poetry. 882 Dramatic.

LITERATURE.

21

Dewey Decimal Classification
833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 German Romance. German Essays. German Oratory. German Letters. German Satire. German Humor. German Miscellany. French Literature. French Poetry. French Drama. French Romance. French Essays. French Oratory. French Letters. French Satire. French Humor. French Miscellany. 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 Epic. Lyric. Greek Oratory. Greek Letters. Greek Humor. Greek Philosophy. Greek History. Other Languages. Chinese. Egyptian. Semitic. Indian. Iranian. Keltic. Slavic. Scandinavian. Other.

HISTORY.

900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919

History. Philosophy. Compends, chronology. Dictionaries. Essays. Periodicals. Societies. Education. Charts. Universal Histories. Geography and Description. Historical. Ancient. Modern. Europe. Asia. Africa. North America. South America. Oceanica and Polar Regions.

950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 96l 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969

Asia. China. Japan. Arabia. India. Persia. Turkey in Asia. Siberia. Afghanistan. Other. Africa. North Africa. Egypt and Nubia. Abyssinia. Morocco. Algeria. Central Africa. Guinea. South Africa. Other.

HISTORY.

22

Dewey Decimal Classification
920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 Biography. Of philosophy. Of theology. Of sociology. Of philology. Of science. Of useful arts. Of fine arts. Of literature. Genealogy and Heraldry. Ancient History. Chinese. Egyptian. Jewish. Indian. Persian. Keltic. Roman. Greek. Other. Europe. Scotland and Ireland. England. Germany and Austria. France. Italy. Spain and Portugal. Russia. Scandinavia. Other. 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 North America. British America. Canada. United States and Territories. Eastern. Middle. Southern. Western. Mexico. Other. South America. Brazil. Argentine Republic. Chili. Bolivia. Peru. New Granada. Venezuela. Guiana. Other. Oceanica and Polar Regions. Malaysia. Sunda. Australasia. Australia. New Guinea. Polynesia. Isolated islands. Arctic regions. Antarctic regions.

SUBJECT INDEX
Find the subject in this Alphabetical INDEX. The number following it is its Class Number. The entire resources of the library on this subject will be found under this number either in the Subject Catalogue, the Shelf Catalogue, or on the shelves. Where a class number ends in a cipher, the subject will be found, on reference to the prefixed classification, to be subdivided.

SUBJECT INDEX

23

Dewey Decimal Classification
A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

326Abolition 970Aborigines North America 618Abortion 963Abyssinia 493Abyssinia language 378Academies 506Academies of science 657Accounts 534Acoustics 819, 829, 839, etc.Acrostics 328Acts and Resolves 226Acts of the Apostles 815, 825, 835, etc.Addresses 350Administration 342Administrative law 346Admiralty Law 176, 345Adultery 236Advent, second 533Aeronautics 701Æsthetics 966Æthiopia 958Afghanistan 586Africa--botany 396 customs and costumes 916 description 276 ecclesiastical history 916 geography 556 geology 960 history 316 statistics 916 travels 631Agricultural chemistry 630Agriculture 533Air 976Alabama 977Alaska 949Albania 774Albertypes 272, 944Albigenses 540Alchemy 178, 615, 663Alcoholic liquors 663Ales 582Algæ 512Algebra 965Algeria

134Animal magnetism 590Animal kingdom 636Animals, domestic 593Animalcula 333Annuities 14Anonyms 999Antarctic regions 919Antarctic regions travels 130Anthropology 366Anti-Masonry 234Antinomianism

Antiquities, see subject or country. 819, 829, 839, etc.Aphorisms 228Apocalypse 229Apocrypha 239Apologetics 616Apoplexy 922Apostles 274-276Apostolic church 262Apostolic succession 819, 829, 839, etc.Apothegms 133Apparitions 634Apples 590Aquariums 766Aquatint 628Aqueducts 939Arabia, ancient history 953Arabia, modern 493Arabian language 197Arabian philosophy 715Arboriculture 717Arbors 571Archæology, prehistoric 799Archery 927Architects, lives 744Architectural drawing 720Architecture 699Architecture naval 998Arctic regions 919Arctic regions travels 982Argentine republic 281, 232Arianism 185Aristotelian philosophy 511Arithmetic 977Arizona

SUBJECT INDEX

24

Dewey Decimal Classification
343Aliens 819, 829, 839, etc.Allegories 528Almanacs 313Almanacs statistical 411, 421, 431, etc.Alphabets 745-748Alphabets ornamental 341Ambassadors 772Ambrotype 970America North-587 botany 397 customs and costumes 917 description 277 ecclesiastical history 917 geography 557 geology 970 history 317 statistics 917 travels 980America South-588 botany 398 customs and costumes 918 escription 278 ecclesiastical history 918 geography 558 geology 980 history 318 statistics 918 travels 499American languages 756American painting 191American philosophy 973American revolution 427Americanisms 378Amherst College 617Amputation 175, 790Amusements 819, 829, 839, etc.Ana, anagrams 543Analysis, chemical 544Analysis, qualitative 545Analysis, quantitative 516Analytical geometry 743Anatomy, art 591Anatomy, comparative 611Anatomy, human 722Ancient architecture 391Ancient customs, costumes 746Ancient design 912Ancient geography 930Ancient history 180Ancient philosophies 732Ancient sculpture 976Arkansas 956Armenia 355Armies 287, 234Arminianism 355Armor 743Art anatomy 927Art biography 707Art education 753-756Art schools 628Artesian wells 565Articulates, paleontology 595Articulates, zoology 358Artillery 927Artists' lives 700Arts, fine 927Arts, fine biography of 600Arts, useful 926Arts, useful biography of 967Ashantee 916Ashantee geography 950Asia-585 botany 395 customs and costumes 275 ecclesiastical history 915 geography 555 geology 950 history 315 statistics 915 travels 956Asia Minor 345Assassination 345Assault and battery 668Assaying 163Assent 360Associations 789Associations musical 368Assurance 935Assyria 493Assyrian language 616Asthma 133Astrology 524Astronomical maps 525Astronomical observations 520Astronomy 211Atheism 796Athletic sports 910Atlases 533Atmosphere 234Atonement 537, 551Aurora 993Australasia

SUBJECT INDEX

25

Dewey Decimal Classification
249Anecdote, Religious 617Aneurism 235Angels 283Anglican church 799Angling 942Anglo-Saxon history 429Anglo-Saxon language 994Australia 943Austria 171Authority 928Authors' lives Autobiography, see Biography. 946Azores

935Babylon 795Backgammon 192Baconian philosophy 797Ball playing

Ballads, see Poetry. 533Ballooning 345, 366Banditti 768Bank Note Engraving 343Bankrupt laws 332Banks 264Baptism 286Baptists 961Barbary States 533, 551Barometer 731Bas-reliefs 797Base ball 499Basque language 946Basque provinces 613Baths 943Bavaria 701Beauty 663Beer 638Bees 595Beetles 635Beets 664Beets sugar 949Belgium 800Belles-lettres 785Bell-ringing 671Bells 971Bermudas 220Bible 220Bible dictionaries, etc. 377Bible in schools 362Bible societies 11Bibliographies Bibliographies-015 Special countries 012 Special forms 016 Special subjects 010Bibliography

667Bleaching 616Blindness 022Block books 543Blowpipe 343Blue laws 797Boating 797, 699Boats 959Bokhara 984Bolivia 333Bonds and stocks 611Bones 10, 20Books 10, 25, 686Book binding 10Book collecting 657Book keeping 20Book rarities 17, 18Booksellers' catalogues 685, 675Boot-making 580Botany 561Botany fossil 615Botany medical 294Brahmanism 615, 663Brandy 981Brazil 244Breviaries 663Brewing 673Bricks 624Bridge-building 345, 366Brigands 971British America 972British Columbia 954British India 369British Museum 942, 941Britons 616Bronchitis 738Bronzes 345, 366Buccaneers 294Buddhism 982Buenos Ayres 690Building 390, 614, 719Burial

SUBJECT INDEX

26

Dewey Decimal Classification
795Billiards 920Biography 570Biology 598Birds 568Birds palæontology 312Births 682Blacksmithing 954Burmah 174Business ethics 658Business manuals 637Butter 595Butterflies 949Byzantine Empire

684Cabinet making 945Calabria 511Calculators 517Calculus 941Caledonia 977California 613Calisthenics 536Caloric 234Calvinism 332Cambists 942Cambria 736Cameos 972Canada 626Canal engineering 386Canal transit 946Canary Isles 616Cancer 348Canon law 331Capital and labor 345Capital punishment 699Car-building 795Card-playing 989Caribbee Islands 741Caricatures 694Carpentry 684Carriage making 939Carthage 643Carving 736Carving and chasing 954Cashmere 946Castille 730Casts 171Casuistry 18Catalogues--Authors 12-18Catalogues--Books 12-18Catalogues--Libraries 17Catalogues--Subjects 616Catarrh 241Catechisms 726Cathedrals 282Catholic Church

376Co-education 641, 633Coffee 332Coinage 737Coins 595Coleoptera 708Collections, art

drawing and design 769 engraving 759 painting 779 photography 739 sculpture 579Collectors' manuals 378Colleges 628Collieries 986Colombia, S.A. 325Colonies 535Color 752Colors, painting 667Coloring Comedy, see Drama. 523Comets Comic works, see Humor. 259Commemorative sermons 220Commentaries, Bible 340Commentaries, law 380Commerce 343Commercial law 343Common law 372Common schools 380, 650Communication 265Communion 335Communism 335Comparative anatomy 291Comparative mythology 410Comparative philology 629, 538, 527Compass Compends-702 fine arts 902 history 802 literature 502 natural science
749

SUBJECT INDEX

27

Dewey Decimal Classification
636Cattle 324Caucuses 357Cavalry 551Caves 136, 176Celibacy 496Celtic language 896Celtic literature 936Celts 693Cements 719Cemeteries 310Censuses 966Central Africa 979Central America 673, 738Ceramic art 599Cetacea 954Ceylon 493Chaldee language 519Chances 795Charades 361Charitable associations 908Charts, history 736Chasing 795Checkers 637Cheese 631Chemical agriculture 543Chemical analysis 660Chemical technology 661Chemicals--manufacture 540Chemistry 794Chess 618Childbirth 983Chili 693Chimneys 931China, ancient 951China, modern 491Chinese language 891Chinese literature 299Chinese religion 322Chivalry 615, 617, 618Chloroform 616Cholera 232Christ 230Christian doctrines 270Christian fathers 260Christian institutions 280Christian sects 239Christianity, evidences 270-289Christianity, history 390Christmas customs 232Christology 764Chromolithography 402 philology 102 philosophy 502 science 302 sociology 202 theology 602 useful arts 815Composition 781Composition of music 194, 145Comte's philosophy 594Conchology 220Concordances of Bible 642Confectionery 282Confessional 285Congregationalism 515Conic sections 974Connecticut 170, 233Conscience 789Conservatories of music 323Constitution, English 324Constitution, United States 342Constitutional law 721Construction, architectural 327Consuls 616Consumption 614Contagion 343Contracts 362, 271Convents 177Conversation 641Cookery 331Co-operation 671, 549Copper 762Copper engraving 492Coptic language 343Copyright 593Corals 959Corea 347, 343Corn laws 721Cornices 343Coroners 371Corporal punishment 360Corporations 364Correction, houses of 530Correlation of forces 816Correspondence 944Corsica 646Cosmetics 113Cosmogony 113Cosmology 947Cossacks 979Costa Rica 390Costumes

SUBJECT INDEX

28

Dewey Decimal Classification
902Chronologies 529Chronology 261Church 726Church architecture 283Church of England 270Church fathers 270-289Church history 783Church music 262Church polity 282Church of Rome 261, 172, 329Church and state 947Circassia 910Circumnavigations 342Citizenship 388City transit 620Civil engineering 348Civil law 351Civil service organs 351Civil service regulations 313Civilization--progress 134Clairvoyance 375Classical education 880Classics, Greek 488, 478, 870Classics, Latin 112Classification 922Clergy, lives of 551, 536Climatology 610Clinic 681Clock-making 687Clothes-making 646Clothing 369Clubs 549, 644Coal 622Coast survey 929Coats of arms 951Cochin China 728Cottages 678Cotton manufactures 633Cotton planting 381, 382Cotton trade 262, 270Councils 347Courts martial 194Cousin's philosophy 274, 941Covenanters 636, 637Cows 634Cranberries 741Crayoning 213Creation 334Credit 244, 280Creeds 614, 390Cremation 949Crete 796Cricket 947Crimea 345Crimes and punishments 345Criminal law 142Critical psychology

Criticism--literary, see Essays. 793Crocheting 796Croquet 616Croup 274, 940Crusades 595Crustacea 582Cryptogamia 548Crystallography 979Cuba 332Currency 531Curvilinear motion 337Customs and duties 390Customs and manners 30Cyclopaedias, general

772Daguerreotype 637Dairy 793Dancing 498Danish 575Darwinism 361Deaf and dumb institutions 616Deafness 612Death 236Death and resurrection 345Death penalty 815Debates 511Decimal system

241Didactic theology 736Die-making 613Diet 517Differential calculus 612Digestion 343Digests 643Dining 616Diphtheria 327, 341Diplomacy 10, 21Diplomatics 910Directories 371Discipline, education

SUBJECT INDEX

29

Dewey Decimal Classification
389Decimal weights & measures 745-748Decorative art 162Deductive logic 211Deism 975Delaware 133Delusions 324Democracy 133Demonology 948Denmark 280Denominations, Christian 617Dentistry 233, 216Depravity 132Derangement, mental 194Descarte's philosophy 523Descriptive astronomy 744Descriptive geometry 740Design and drawing 745-8Design ornamental 321Despotism 354Detectives 222Deuteronomy 575Development theory 235Devil 240Devotional theology 551Dew 160Dialectics 616Diseases 614Disinfection 615Dispensatories 611Dissection 289, 283Dissenters 663Distillation 976District of Columbia 343, l73Divorce 273Doctrinal history 253Doctrinal sermons 230Doctrinal theology 599, 636Dogs 636Domestic animals 728Domestic architecture 640Domestic economy 327Domestic and foreign relations 615Domestic medicine 381Domestic trade 248Domestic worship 795Dominos 631, 614Drainage 812Drama, general treatises 822Drama, English 842Drama, French 832Drama, German 882Drama, Greek 852Drama, Italian 872Drama, Latin 862Drama, Spanish 792Dramatic amusements 782Dramatic music 795Draughts 740Drawing 741Drawing-books 135Dreams 646Dress 646Dress making 713Drives 798Driving 615Drugs 299Druids 177, 345, 392Duelling 439Dutch language 753Dutch painting 289Dutch Reformed Church 949Dutch Republic 170Duties 337Duties and customs 667Dyeing 537Dynamical electricity 553Dynamical geology

Dialects-427 English 447 French 437 German 487 Greek 457 Italian 477 Latin 467 Spanish 552Diamonds

Dictionaries-413 comparative 423 English 703 fine art 443 French 433 German 483 Greek 903 history 453 Italian 473 Latin 803 literature 503 natural science 403 philology 103 philosophy 503 science 303 sociology

SUBJECT INDEX

30

Dewey Decimal Classification
463 Spanish 203 theology 603 useful arts 531Dynamics 616Dysentery 616Dyspepsia

616Ear diseases 182Early Greek philosophy 551Earth 526Earth figure of 553Earthquakes 954East Indies 244Easter 281Eastern church 974Eastern States 270Ecclesiastical history 262Ecclesiastical polity 593Echinoderms 616Eclectic medicine 148Eclectic psychology 523Eclipses 640Economy, domestic 330Economy, political 989Ecuador 370Education 707Education fine arts 907Education history 507Education natural sciences 407Education philology 107Education philosophy 507Education science 207Education theology 607Education useful arts 378Educational institutions 379Educational reports 932Egypt, ancient 962Egypt, modern 492Egyptian language 892Egyptian literature 256Election sermons 324Elections 537Electricity 538Electro-magnetism 361Eleemosynary institutions 372Elementary education 733Elgin marbles 815Elocution 326Emancipation 390Embalming 346, 341Embargo 219Emblems

811, 821, 831, etc.Epics 883Epics Greek 873Epics Latin 187Epicurean philosophy 614Epidemics 819, 829, 839, etc.Epigrams 283Episcopal church 227Epistles, Bible 816, 826, etc.Epistolography 929Epitaphs 989Equador 798Equestrian exercise 355Equipments of armies 359Equipments of navies 344Equity 236Eschatology 979, 998Esquimaux 824Essays, English literature 704Essays, fine arts 844Essays, French 814Essays, general treatises 834Essays, German 904Essays, history 854Essays, Italian 804Essays, literature 504Essays, natural science 404Essays, philology 104Essays, philosophy 329Essays, political 504Essays, science 304Essays, sociology 864Essays, Spanish 204Essays, theology 604Essays, useful arts 767Etching 617Etherization 170Ethics 966Ethiopia 390Ethnography 572Ethnology 177Etiquette 937Etruria 412Etymologies, comparative 422Etymologies, English 442Etymologies, French

SUBJECT INDEX

31

Dewey Decimal Classification
576Embryology 325Emigration 144Empirical psychology 751Enamel painting 751Encaustic painting 30Encyclopædias, general 620Engineering 629Engineering instruments 942England, history 283English church 427English dialects 423English dictionaries 422English etymology 323English government 425English grammar 420English language 820English literature 421English orthography 756English painting 420English philology 192English philosophy 426English prosody 735English sculpture 424English synonyms 428English texts 760Engraving 819, 829, 839, etc.Enigmas 791Entertainments 137Enthusiasm 595Entomology 595Entozoa 432Etymologies, German 482Etymologies, Greek 452Etymologies, Italian 472Etymologies, Latin 462Etymologies, Spanish 265Eucharist 920, 259Eulogies 584Europe--botany 394 customs and costumes 274 ecclesiastical history 914 geography 554 geology 940 history 314 statistics 914 travels 349Evidence (law) 239Evidences of Christianity 216Evil 575Evolution 332Exchange 336Excise 220Exegesis 708Exhibitions, art 222Exodus 542Experimental Chemistry 910Explorations 258Expository sermons 385Express companies 616Eye, diseases 612Eye, functions

819, 829, 839, etc.Fables 819, 829, 839, etc.Facetiæ 813, 823, 833 etc.Fairy tales 234, 163Faith 173Family 616Family medicines 247Family worship 133Fanaticism 828, 838, etc., 791Farces 630Farming 682Farriery 177Fashion 244Fasts 159Fatalism 270Fathers of the church 590Fauna 244Feasts

584-589Flora 945Florence 976Florida 716, 583Flower garden 580Flowers 517Fluxions 291-293Folk-lore 643Food 267Foreign missions 327Foreign relations 382Foreign trade 345Forgery 349Form book 623Fortification 133Fortune-telling 560Fossils 671Founderies

SUBJECT INDEX

32

Dewey Decimal Classification
324Federalism 376Female education 378Female seminaries 796Fencing 582Ferns 299Fetichism 322Feudal institutions 616Fevers 361Foundling hospitals 714Fountains 799Fowling 636Fowls 617Fractures 944France 324Franchise 271Franciscans 943Franconia 943, 944Franco-Prussian war 741Free-hand drawing 366Freemasonry 337Free trade 159Freewill 440French language 449French language old 840French literature 754French painting 194French philosophy 944French revolution 735French sculpture 751Fresco painting 531Friction 289Friends, Society of 157Friendship 634Fruit culture 644Fuel 336Funds and funding 259Funeral sermons 390Funerals 645Furniture 218Future life 237Future state

Fiction, see Romance.
629Field books, engineering 796-799Field sports 526Figure of the earth 363, 345, 978Filibusters 113Final causes 330Finances 700Fine arts 927 biography of 947Finland 499Finno-Hungarian language 355, 683Fire arms 369Fire departments 621Fire engines 368Fire insurance 662Fire works 597Fishes 567Fishes palæontology 639Fisheries 799Fishing 929Flags 949Flanders 633, 677Flax 753Flemish painting 595Flies

749

708Galleries of art drawing and design 769 engraving 759 painting 779 photography 739 sculpture, etc. 537Galvanism 175Gambling 345Game laws 793-7Games 635Gardening 710Gardening Landscape 696Gas-fitting 665, 644Gas lighting 665Gas making

231God 549, 671Gold 514Goniometry 244Good-Friday 226Gospels 723Gothic architecture 943Goths 616Gout 320Government 234Grace 634Grafting 633Grains 415Grammars, comparative 425Grammars, English 445Grammars, French

SUBJECT INDEX

33

Dewey Decimal Classification
641Gastronomy 389Gauging 910Gazetteers 736Gem engraving 549Gems 929Genealogy 577Generation, Spontaneous 222Genesis 945Genoa 526Geodesy 910Geography 916Geography Africa 912Geography ancient 915Geography Asia 914Geography Europe 911Geography historical 913Geography modern 917Geography N. America 551Geography physical 918Geography S. America 910Geography travels 550Geology 553Geology dynamical 513Geometry 516Geometry analytical 959, 976Georgia 430German language 439German language low 830German literature 753German painting 193German philosophy 289German Reformed Church 943Germany 133Ghosts 949Gipsies 363, 944Girondists 553Glaciers 666Glass 751Glass painting 698Glazing 784Glees 522Globes, use of 413, 423, 433, etc.Glossaries 646, 675, 677Gloves 281Gnostics 435Grammars, German 485Grammars, Greek 455Grammars, Italian 475Grammars, Latin 465Grammars, Spanish 946Granada 363Granges 634Grape culture 633Grasses 716, 583Grasses ornamental 718Grave-stones 719Grave-yards 531Gravitation 941, 942Great Britain 938Greece, ancient 949Greece, modern 722Greek architecture 281Greek church 488Greek commentaries 480Greek language 880Greek literature 489Greek modern 292Greek mythology 180, 888Greek philosophy 733Greek sculpture 488Greek texts with notes 880Greek texts without notes 880Greek translations 583, 635Greenhouses 998Greenland 712Grounds, private 715Groves 979Guatemala 988Guiana 910Guide books 345Guillotine 967Guinea 355, 662Gun cotton 355Gunnery 355, 662Gunpowder 683Gunsmithery 679Gutta percha 613Gymnastics 949Gypsies

343Habeas corpus 192Hamiltonian philosophy 627Harbors

309 sociology 209 theology 909 universal

SUBJECT INDEX

34

Dewey Decimal Classification
781Harmony, music 226Harmony of gospels 685Harness-making 787Harpsichord 615Hasheesh 646Hats 613Health 614Health public 616Heart diseases 536Heat 290Heathen religions 697Heating 237Heaven 933Hebrew history 493Hebrew language 715Hedges 193Hegelian philosophy 774Heliotypes 237Hell 182Heraclitic philosophy 929Heraldry 582Herbariums 590, 612Hermaphrodites 220Hermeneutics 598Herpetology 419Hieroglyphics 373Higher education 345Highwaymen 611Histology 222Historical books of Bible 908Historical charts and tables 911Historical geography 906Historical societies 900History-930-939 ancient 928 biography of 270 ecclesiastical 709 fine arts 910 geography 889 in Greek 879 in Latin 809 literature 940-999 modern 509 natural sciences 409 philology 109 philosophy 901 philosophy of 509 science 609 useful arts 792Histrionics 933, 956Holy Land 371, 374Home education 266Home missions 345Homicide 251Homiletics 615Homoeopathy 574Homologies 638Honey 636, 599, 357, 619Horse 798Horse-racing 798Horse-riding 682Horse-shoeing 798Horsemanship 243Hortatory theology 635Horticulture 361Hospitals 390Hotels 583, 635Hothouses 640House-keeping 640Housewifery 289, 944Huguenots 611Human anatomy 361Humane societies 818Humor 828 English 848 French 838 German 887 Greek 858 Italian 868 Spanish 799Hunting 533Hurricanes 630Husbandry 590Hybridism 628Hydraulic engineering 532Hydraulics 532Hydrodynamics 551, 627, 527Hydrography 532Hydromechanics 615Hydropathy 614, 616Hydrophobia 532Hydrostatics 613Hygiene 131Hygiene mental 245Hymnology 132, 616Hypochondria

SUBJECT INDEX

35

Dewey Decimal Classification
553Icebergs 948Iceland 498Icelandic language 560Ichnology 597Ichthyology 730Iconography 141Idealistic psychology 132Idiocy 290Idolatry 745llumination 156Imagination 264, 286Immersion 325Immigration 218, 237Immortality 345Imprisonment for debt 232Incarnation 333Income 23Incunabula 934India, ancient history 954India, modern history 494Indian language 894Indian literature 977Indiana 970Indians, American 499Indians, American language 675India-rubber 793Indoor amusements 161Induction 161Inductive logic 744Industrial drawing 607Industrial schools 364Inebriate institutions 173, 345Infanticide 356Infantry 211Infidelity 614, 615Inoculation 546Inorganic chemistry 272Inquisition 361Insane Hospitals 132Insanity 417Inscriptions 595Insects 238Inspiration 158Instincts 64Institute of France 360Institutions 378Institutions educational 322Institutions Feudal 323Institutions Monarchic 789Institutions Musical 260Institutions of religion 321Institutions Patriarchal 324Institutions Republican 371Instruction 785Instrumental music 629Instruments, engineering 681Instruments, making 368Insurance companies 517Integral calculus 151Intellect 140-150Intellectual philosophy 178Intemperance 380, 650Intercommunication 334Interest 658Interest tables 353Interior, administration 136, 618Intermarriage 237Intermediate state 614, 390Interments 600International exhibitions 341International law 272Intolerance 143Intuitive psychology 608Inventions 592Invertebrates 562Invertebrates paleontology 949Ionian Islands 182Ionic philosophy 977Iowa 495Iranian languages 895Iranian literature 941Ireland 283Irish church 496Irish language 624Iron, bridges 672Iron, manufacture 549, 669Iron, mineral 359, 699Iron-clad ships 631Irrigation 450Italian language 850Italian literature 755Italian painting 195Italian philosophy 734, 735Italian sculpture 945Italy

SUBJECT INDEX

36

Dewey Decimal Classification
363, 944Jacobins 979Jamaica 282Jansenism 952Japan 499Japanese language 698Japanning 992Java 819, 829, 839, etc.Jests 266, 282Jesuit missions 271, 282Jesuits 232Jesus 646, 671Jewelry 933Jews, history 226John 694Joinery 50Journalism 296Judaism 237Judgment and future state 329Junius letters 340Jurisprudence 342Jury 234Justification

968Kafirs 536Kaleidoscope 977Kansas 193, 142Kant's philosophy 936Keltic, ancient history 496Keltic, language 896Keltic, literature

976Kentucky 372Kindergarten 531Kinematics 641Kitchen 322Knighthood 297Koran

331Labor 331Laboring classes 972Labrador 677Lace-making 714Lakes, artificial 622Land surveying 333Landlord and tenant 710Landscape gardening 758Landscape painting 778Landscape photographs 400Language 947, 948Lapland 488Latin commentaries 470Latin language 470Latin literary history 870Latin literature 479Latin medieval 488Latin texts, with notes 870Latin texts, without notes 870Latin translations 648Laundry 340Law 341Law of nations 712Lawns 923Lawyers' lives 549, 671Lead 675Leather 815, 825, 835, etc.Lectures

19Libraries 17, 18Library catalogues 19Library economy 19Library history and report 582Lichens 218, 237Life, future 368Life insurance 535Light 656, 627Light-houses 537Lightning 644Lights and fuel 765Line engraving 400Linguistics 663Liquors 244Litany 824, 834, 844, etc.Literary criticism 819 miscellany 829 English 849 French 839 German 859 Italian 869 Spanish 343 property 800Literature 928Literature, biography of 870, 880, 488-498Literature, classical 810Literature, treatises 763Lithography

SUBJECT INDEX

37

Dewey Decimal Classification
291-293Legends 133Legerdemain 343, 328Legislation 328Legislative annals 343Legitimacy 244Lent 595Lepidoptera 816Letter writing 816Letters 552Lithology 444Liturgies 192, 145Locke 683Locks and keys 621Locomotives 514Logarithms 514Logarithms tables 160Logic 312Longevity 265Lord's Supper 943, 944Lorraine 175Lotteries 976Louisiana 949Low countries 439Low Dutch 226Luke 132Lunacy 361Lunatic asylums 616Lung diseases 289Lutherans 811, 821, 831, etc.Lyric poetry 884Lyric poetry Greek 874Lyric poetry Latin

Letters-826 English 846 French 836 German 886 Greek 856 Italian 876 Latin 866 Spanish 956, 962Levant 622Levelling 222Leviticus 413, 423, 433, etc.Lexicons 345Libel 324Liberty 324Liberty of press

819, 829, etc.Macaronics 768Machine engraving 621Machinery 969Madagascar 132Madness 50, 105, 205, etc.Magazines 133Magic 538Magnetism 134Magnetism, animal 943Magyars 297Mahometanism 383Mails 974Maine 614Malaria 499Malayan language 991Malaysia 663Malt 949Malta 962Mamelukes 599Mammalia 569Mammalia, palaeontology 233Man, doctrine of 390Man, ethnography 573Man, natural history of

112Methodology 371Methods of education 389Metric system 389Metrology 973, 978Mexican war 978Mexico 776Mezzotint 977Michigan 578Microscopy

Middle ages, history, see special countries. 975Middle States 618Midwifery 355-359Military and naval arts 623 engineering 347 law 355 science 355Militia 637Milk 236Millennium 646Millinery 677, 678Mills, cot., woolen, etc. 676 paper 621Mill-work 150Mind

SUBJECT INDEX

38

Dewey Decimal Classification
132Maniacs 390Manners and customs 579Manuals, collectors' 670Manufactures 631Manures 13, 21Manuscripts 910Maps 524Maps, astronomical 673Marble manufacture 731Marbles 699Marine architecture 368Marine insurance 346Marine law 390Marriage, customs 173Marriage, ethics 346Maritime law 226Mark 347Martial law 272Martyrs 976Maryland 326Mason &Dixon's lin 693Masonry 366Masonry, Free 974Massachusetts 615Materia medica 146Materialist 691Materials, building 136, 618Maternity 744Mathematical drawing 629Mathematical instruments 514Mathematical tables 510Mathematics 226Matthew 718Mausoleums 819, 829, 839, etc.Maxims 616Measles 389Measures and weights 744Mechanical drawing 621Mechanical engineering 680Mechanical trades 531Mechanics 606Mechanics' associations 737Medals 723Mediæval architecture 392Mediæval customs, costumes 747Mediæval design 940-999Mediæval history with modern 479Mediæval Latin 734Mediæval sculpture 615Medical botany 343Medical jurisprudence 615Mineral waters 549Mineralogy 628Mines, mining, engineering 757Miniatures 250Ministers 922Ministers lives 977Minnesota 811, 821, 831, etc.Minstrel 231Miracles 819Miscellany, literary 829 English 849 French 839 German 859 Italian 869 Spanish 266Missions 267Missions, foreign 976Mississippi 977Missouri 154Mnemonics 731Modeling 724Modern architecture 393-399Modern costumes, customs 748Modern designs 9l3-9l9Modern geography 489Modern Greek 940-999Modern history 190Modern philosophy 735Modern sculpture 297Mohammedanism 539Molecular physics 594Mollusca 564 paleontology 323Monarchic institutions 271Monasteries 271Monastic orders 332Money 499Mongolian language 359, 699Monitors, iron-clads 745-748Monograms 331Monopolies 977Montana 718Monuments 523Moon 170Moral philosophy 289Moravians 266Moravian missions 949Morea 693Mortar 312Mortality 343Mortgages

SUBJECT INDEX

39

Dewey Decimal Classification
610Medicine 619Medicine, veterinary 242Meditations, theology 786Melodeons 781Melody 920Memoirs 154Memory 612Mensuration 132Mental derangement 150Mental faculties 131Mental hygiene 140-150Mental philosophy 131Mental physiology 134Mesmerism 232Messiah 671Metal manufactures 669Metallurgy 110Metaphysics 551Meteorology 287Methodism 298Mormonism 964Morocco 581Morphology 751Mosaic painting 297Moslems 979Mosquitia 582Mosses 173Mothers 595, 646Moths 721Mouldings 342Municipal government 361Mutual aid societies 780Music 781Musical composition 927Musicians 133Mysteries 289Mysticism 291Mythology, comparative 292Mythology, Greek &Roman 293Mythology, Norse

929Names 615Narcotics 390National costumes 390National customs 550-590Natural history 530Natural philosophy 500Natural science 575Natural selection 210Natural theology 343, 325Naturalization 500Nature 699Naval architecture 359Naval science 359Navies 527, 656Navigation 346Navigation laws 977Nebraska 133Necromancers 646, 793Needle-work 573, 326Negroes 323Nepotism 281Nestorians 949Netherlands 595Neuroptera 341Neutrals 977Nevada 972New Brunswick 974New England

971Newfoundland 50Newspapers 979Nicaragua 322Nobility 290Non-Christian religions 371Normal schools 942-946Norman conquest 944Normandy 498Norse 961North Africa 970North America 578North America botany 397North America customs & costumes 277North America ecclesiastical history 917North America, geography 557North America, geology 970North America, history 317North America, statistics 917North America, travels 976North Carolina 948Northmen 948Norway 616Nosology 972Nova Scotia 813Novels 823 English 843 French 833 German

SUBJECT INDEX

40

Dewey Decimal Classification
986New Granada 995New Guinea 974New Hampshire 975New Jersey 977New Mexico 186New Platonists, philosophy 225New Testament 975New York 853 Italian 863 Spanish 962Nubia 222Numbers, book of 374Numismatics 362Nunneries 649Nursery

371Object teaching 525Observations, astronomical 618Obstetrics 387, 656Ocean transportation 990Oceanica 589 botany 399 customs and costumes 279 ecclesiastical history 919 geography 559 geology 990 history 319 statistics 919 travels 366Odd Fellows 611, 617Odontology 977Ohio 449Old French 221Old Testament 664Oil manufacture 751Oil painting 111Ontology 782Operas 615Opium 535Optics 133Oracles 783Oratorios 815Oratory 825 English 845 French 835 German 885 Greek 855 Italian 875 Latin 329 political

251 sacred 865 Spanish 634Orchards 722-724Orders of architecture 257Ordination sermons 355, 683Ordnance 977Oregon 786Organ 547Organic chemistry 562Organic remains 722Oriental architecture 281Oriental church 490Oriental languages 181Oriental philosophy 400Origin of language 583Ornamental botany 745Ornamental design 745Ornamental work 598Ornithology 361Orphans 411, 421, 431, etc.Orthoepy 411Orthography, comparative 421 English 441 French 431 German 481 Greek 451 Italian 471 Latin 461 Spanish 949, 956Ottoman empire 796-799Out-door sports 378Oxford University 594, 641Oysters

290Paganism 927Painters' lives 750, 698Painting 560Palæontology

851 Italian 871 Latin 861 Spanish 928Poets, lives

SUBJECT INDEX

41

Dewey Decimal Classification
956Palestine 212Pantheism 147Pantheistic psychology 282Papacy 698Paper-hanging 676Paper manufacture 332Paper money 995Papua 989Paraguay 10Parchment 173Parent and child 343Parish law 711Parks, public 324Parliament 348Parliamentary law 598Parrots 295Parseeism 343Partnership 618Parturition 157Passions 250Pastoral theology 989Patagonia 608Patents 616Pathology 321Patriarchal institutions 172Patriotism 189Patristic philosophy 177Patronage 339Pauperism 334Pawnbroking 172Peace and war 634Pears 644Peat 264Pedobaptism 322Peerage 938, 949Peloponnesus 345Penal law 244Penance 946Peninsular war 365Penitentiaries 652Penmanship 975Pennsylvania 222Pentateuch 152Perception 289Perfectionists 660, 646Perfumery 615Poisons 949Poland 919Polar Regions, geography 998, 999Polar seas 354Police 497Polish language 177Politeness 363Political associations 330Political economy 329Political essays 363Political institutions 320Political science 256Political sermons 329Political speeches 262Polity, ecclesiastical 173, 345Polygamy 40Polygraphy 589Polynesia, botany 399 customs and costumes 279 ecclesiastical history 919 geography 559 geology 996 history 499 languages 319 statistics 919 travels 593Polyps 290Polytheism 634Pomology 714Ponds, artificial 339Poor 343Poor laws 282Popery 312Population 738Porcelain 757Portrait painting 777Portraits, photographs 946Portugal 469Portuguese language 860Portuguese literature 146Positivism 383Postage-stamps 383Post-offices 635Potato 673Pottery 673Pottery manufacture 636Poultry 662, 355Powder 522Practical astronomy 240Practical theology 25Practical sermons

Periodicals, see special subjects. 705 fine arts 50 general 905 history 805 literature

SUBJECT INDEX

42

Dewey Decimal Classification
505

natural science
405 philology 105 philosophy 505 science 305 sociology 205 theology 605 useful arts

615Practice of medicine 217Prayer 247Prayer-meetings 250Preaching and preachers 343Precedents 549Precious metals 231Predestination 618Pregnancy 571Pre-historic archæology 284Presbyterians 615Prescriptions 324Press, liberty of 571Primeval man 270Primitive Christianity 322Primogeniture 655Printing 769Prints 365Prison associations 365Prisons 712Private grounds 248Private worship 341Privateers 519Probabilities 338Production 633Productions of the soil 312Progress of civilization 313Progress of population 28Prohibited books 178Prohibition 358, 531Projectiles 744Projection 343Promissory notes 411, 421, 431, etc.Pronunciation 331Property 342, 343Property law 336Property tax 231Prophecy 224Prophetical books of Bible 485Prose composition, Greek 475Prose composition, Latin 416Prosody, comparative 426 English 446 French 436 German 486 Greek 456 Italian 476 Latin 466 Spanish 618, 176Prostitution 337Protection 283Protestant episcopal

531Perpetual motion 272Persecutions 935Persia, ancient history 955Persia, modern history 495Persian language 342Personal liberty 342Personal property 342Personal rights 742Perspective 985Peru 632Pests, agricultural 560Petrifaction 549, 665Petroleum 615Pharmacopoeias 615Pharmacy 366Phi Beta Kappa 400Philology 924 biography of 100Philosophy 180Philosophy ancient 921 biography of 180, 888 Greek 878 Latin 150 mental 190 modern 170 moral 530 natural 701 of art 901 history 401 language 801 literature 501 science 301 sociology 201 religion 601 useful arts 939Phoenicia 493Phoenician language 653Phonetic short-hand 421Phonetic spelling 653Phonography 414Phonology 771Photographic chemistry 773Photographs 770Photography

SUBJECT INDEX

43

Dewey Decimal Classification
775Photo-lithography Phrase-books, see Language. 139Phrenology 616Phthisis 613Physical education 551Physical geography 530Physics 539Physics molecular 138Physiognomy 551Physiography 612Physiology 591Physiology comparative 131Physiology, mental 581Physiology, vegetable 786Piano-forte 759Picture galleries 945Piedmont 636Pig 345Piracy 639Pisciculture 616, 614Plague 523Planets 692Plans for building 580Plants 716 landscape gardening 561 paleontology 184Platonic philosophy 186Platonists, new 795Playing cards 812, 792Plays, see Drama 349Pleading 696Plumbing 521Plurality of worlds 533Pneumatics 150Pneumatology 223Poetical books of Bible 811Poetry 821 English 841 French 831 German 881 Greek 283-289Protestantism 282Protestantism and Romanism 576Protoplasm 593Protozoa 563 paleontology 449Provençal language 819Proverbs, and quotations 223Proverbs, Bible 2l4Providence 427, 437, etc.Provincialisms 634, 715Pruning 943Prussia 223Psalms 14Pseudonyms 140Psychology 336Public accounts 725Public buildings 361Public charities 328Public documents 370Public education 336Public funds 614Public health 390Public houses 353Public lands 360Public meetings 378Public schools 815Public speaking 246Public worship 250Pulpit oratory 532Pumps 421Punctuation, English 345Punishment 277, 289Puritans 244, 283Puseyism 599Pygmies 916, 932Pyramids 549Pyrites 662Pyrotechnics 186Pyrrhonism 182Pythagorean philosophy

599Quadrumana 599Quadrupeds 289Quakers 544Qualitative analysis

545Quantitative analysis 614Quarantine 518Quaternions 819, 829, etc.Quotations

798Race-horse

336Revenue

SUBJECT INDEX

44

Dewey Decimal Classification
572Races, history 798Racing 593Radiates 563Radiates paleontology 625Railroad engineering 621Railroad locomotives 385Railroads 343Railways, laws of 551Rain 322Rank 211, 155Rationalism 418, 428, 438, etc.Readers 815Reading, art of 15, 16Reading courses 374Reading for self-education 374Real estate 374Reason 973Rebellion, Southern 640Recipe books 790Recreation 274Reformation 364Reformatory associations 364Reformatory institutions 289Reformed church 234Regeneration 613Regimen 355Regulations of armies 359Regulations of navies 215Religion and science 255Religion and sermons 290Religions, Non-Christian 249Religious anecdotes 362Religious associations 922Religious biography 377Religious education 249Religious fiction 362Religious institutions 271Religious orders 201Religious philosophy 560Remains 333Rents 234, 241Repentance 598Reptiles 568Reptiles paleontology 324Republican institutions 691Resistance of materials 236Resurrection 237Retribution 231Revealed religion 231Revelation

Reviews, see Periodicals 269Revivals 973Revolution, American 944Revolution, French 815Rhetoric 251Rhetoric sacred 974Rhode Island 582Rhododendron 819, 829, etc.Riddles 798Riding 341Right of search 342Rights and liberties 343Riots 244Ritualism 387River transportation 551Rivers 625Roads 557, 917Rocky mountains 599Rodentia 937Roman antiquities 722Roman architecture 282Roman Catholics 937Roman history, ancient 945Roman history, modern 870Roman literature 348Roman law 292Roman mythology 733Roman sculpture 813Romance 823 English 843 French 833 German 853 Italian 249 Religious 863 Spanish 440-469Romanic languages 459Romansh language 937Rome, ancient 945Rome, modern 282Romish church 677Rope-making 797Rowing 675Rubber manufactures 599Ruminants 728Rural architecture 796Rural sports 947Russia 977Russian America 497Russian language

SUBJECT INDEX

45

Dewey Decimal Classification

289Sabbatarians 263Sabbath 263Sabbath reform 268Sabbath schools 264Sacrament of baptism 265Sacrament of Lord's Supper 922Sacred biography 251Sacred rhetoric 221Sacrifices 685Saddlery 387Sailors 979St. Domingo 17, 18Sale catalogues of books 664Salt manufacture 234Salvation 997Sandwich Islands 364Sanitary commissions 361Sanitary commissions U.S. 614Sanitary measures 494Sanskrit language 945Sardinia 235Satan 817Satire 827 English 847 French 837 German 857 Italian 877 Latin 867 Spanish 332Savings banks 429Saxon language 943Saxons 948Scandinavia 498Scandinavian language 898Scandinavian literature 211Scepticism 198Scholastic philosophy 378Schools 268Schools Sunday 727School architecture 727School houses 707Schools of art 753-756Schools of painting 193Schopenhauer's philosophy 943Schleswig-Holstein 500Science, Natural 925 biography of 506Scientific societies 508Scientific travels

806Societies, literature 506Societies, natural science 406Societies, philology 106Societies, philosophy 506Societies, science 366Societies, secret 306Societies, sociology 206Societies, theology 606Societies, useful arts 177Society 300Sociology 923Sociology biography of 183Socratic philosophy 631Soils 523Solar system 355Soldiers 135Somnambulism 784Songs 811, 821, etc.Sonnets 183Sophist philosophy 133Sorcery 233Soul 534Sound 968South Africa 586 botany 916 geography 980South America 588 botany 398 customs and costumes 278 ecclesiastical history 918 geography 558 geology 980 history 318 statistics 918 travels 976South Carolina 999South seas 976Southern States 946Spain 460Spanish language 860Spanish literature 196Spanish philosophy 332Specie payment 692Specifications for building 133Specters 535Spectroscope 544Spectrum analysis

Speeches, see Oratory.
521Spherical astronomy

SUBJECT INDEX

46

Dewey Decimal Classification
941Scotland 496Scotch language 192Scotch philosophy 220Scriptures 616Scrofulous diseases 730Sculpture 927Sculptors' lives 656, 527Seamanship 342Secession 236Second advent 133Second sight 366Secret societies 280Sects, Christian 377Secular education 374Self-culture 374Self-education 493Semitic languages 893Semitic literature 152Sensation 145Sensational psychology 152Sense 718Sepulchres 614Sepulture 252-259Sermons 598Serpents 647Servants 949Servia 614Sewerage 687Sewing 687Sewing machine 376Sex in education 176Sexual ethics 618Sexual science 136Sexes 744Shades and shadows 289Shakers 822Shakesperiana 636Sheep 594Shells 564Shells fossil 493Shemitic languages 699Ship-building 626, 387Ship-canals 346Shipping laws 685, 675Shoemaking 799Shooting 653Short-hand 716Shrubbery 959Siam 957Siberia 945Sicily 513Spherical geometry 514Spherical trigonometry 595Spiders 147Spinoza's philosophy 133Spiritualism 577Spontaneous generation 796Sports 636Stables 792Stage 745Stained glass 616Stammering 383Stamps 355Standing army 664Starch manufacture 523Stars 320State 172State ethics 328State papers 342State rights 345State trials 923Statesmen, lives 531Statics 311Statistical methods 310Statistics 730Statuary 343Statute law 621Steam-engine 696Steam-fitting 527, 656Steam-navigation 385, 656Steam-transportation 669Steel 762Steel engraving 653Stenography 655Stereotyping 776Stereoscopes and views 616Stethoscope 765Stipple engraving 636Stock, live 333Stocks 188Stoic philosophy 673Stoneware 551Storms 663Stills 355Strategy 634Strawberries 787Stringed instruments 371Study, methods of 616Stuttering 701Sublime and beautiful 384Submarine telegraph 323Succession

SUBJECT INDEX

47

Dewey Decimal Classification
649Sick-room 355, 623Sieges 536Sight 613Sight hygiene 654Signals 698Sign painting 638Silk culture 677Silk manufacture 638, 595Silk worm 549Silver metal 628Silver mines 332Silver money 233Sin 784Singing 362Sisters of Mercy 796Skating 211Skepticism 616Skin diseases 941Skye 177, 345Slander 427, 437, etc.Slang 695Slating 326Slavery 497Slavic language 897Slavic literature 135Sleep 135Sleep walking 616, 614Small-pox 664Soap-making 177Social ethics 300Social science 247Social worship 335Socialisms 706Societies, fine arts 60Societies, general 906Societies, history 324Suffrage 633Sugar-cane 664Sugar manufacture 633Sugar planting 131Suicide 992Sumatra 717Summer-houses 523Sun 992Sunda 268Sunday-schools 133Supernaturalism 133Superstition 617Surgery 929Surnames 622Surveying 157Susceptibility 948Sweden 289Swedenborgians 796Swimming 636Swine 949Switzerland 160Syllogism 219Symbolism 424Synonyms, English 444Synonyms, French 434Synonyms, German 484Synonyms, Greek 454Synonyms, Italian 474Synonyms, Latin 464Synonyms, Spanish 616Syphilis 956Syria 493Syriac language 493Syro-Chaldaic 582Systematic botany

791Tableaux 643Tables, dining 514Tables, mathematical 653Tachygraphy 355Tactics 687Tailoring 653Takigrafy

Tales, see Romance. 296Talmud 675Tanning 337Tariffs 951, 959Tartary

171Theoretical ethics 615Therapeutics 951Thibet 283Thirty-nine articles 615Thomsonianism 153Thought 616Throat diseases 537Thunder 521Tides 695Tiling 691Timber 671Tin manufacture

SUBJECT INDEX

48

Dewey Decimal Classification
701Taste and criticism 336Taxation 579Taxidermy 633Tea cultivation 371Teachers and teaching 660Technology, chemical 611, 617Teeth 978Tehuantepec 384Telegraph 654Telegraphy 535, 522Telescope 137Temperaments 178Temperance 551, 536Temperature 366Templars 976Tennessee 594Testacea 225Testament, New 221Testament, Old 349Testamentary law 349Testimony 976Texas 677Textile fabrics 418Texts, comparative 428Texts, English 448Texts, French 438Texts, German 488Texts, Greek, with notes 880Texts, Greek, without notes 458Texts, Italian 478Texts, Latin, with notes 870Texts, Latin, without notes 468Texts, Spanish 244Thanksgiving 549Tin mineral 336Tithes 615, 178, 633Tobacco 646Toilet 336Tolls 718Tombs 622Topographical engineering 910Topography 178Total abstinence 615Toxicology 244, 283Tractarianism 362Tract society 380Trade 608Trade marks 680Trades, mechanic 367, 606, 331Trades, unions

Tragedies, see Drama.
106, 206, 306, etc.Transactions 142Transcendentalism 880Translation, Greek authors 870Translation, Latin authors 380, 656, 345Transportation 282Transubstantiation 943Transylvania 639Trapping 910Travels 508Travels scientific 345Treason 352Treasury 580Trees 715Trees, ornamental 345Trespass 340Trials 514Trigonometry 565Trilobites 232Trinity 449, 841Troubadours 685Trunk-making 344Trusts and trustees 499Tungusic language 625Tunnels 949Turkey 956Turkey in Asia 613Turkish baths 499Turkish language 674Turning 945Tuscany 671Type founding 655Typography 943Tyrol

Theater, see Drama. 175Theater, ethics 792Theaters 792Theatricals 345Theft 211Theism 231, 214Theodicy 230Theological doctrine 204Theological essays 200Theology 922Theology biography of 240Theology devotional 210Theology natural 240Theology practical 521Theoretical astronomy 541Theoretical chemistry

SUBJECT INDEX

49

Dewey Decimal Classification

153Understanding 355Uniforms 288Unitarians 324, 973United States 587 botany 397 customs and costumes 277 ecclesiastical history 917 geography 557 geology 973 history 317 statistics 917 travels

909Universal History 408Universal language 288Universalism 378Universities 373University education 645Upholstering 989Uruguay 600Useful arts 926 biography of 334Usury 977Utah

738Vases 272, 949Vaudois 581Vegetable physiology 615Vegetable practice 635Vegetables 613Vegetarianism 616Venereal diseases 987Venezuela 945Venice 697Ventilation 133Ventriloquism 974Vermont 811Versification 596Vertebrates

566Vertebrates paleontology 619Veterinary medicine 728Villas 787Violin 976Virginia 170Virtue 535Vision 135Visions and dreams 576, 612Vital principle 784, 815Vocal culture 784Vocal music 784Voice 553Volcanoes 910Voyages

331Wages 135Wakefulness 272, 945Waldenses 942Wales 713Walks 459Wallachian language 172War ethics 355-359War science 380Warehouses 697Warming 648Washing 977Washington territory 681Watch-making 714Water, artificial ponds, etc. 751Water colors 615Water cure 531, 621Water wheels 628Water works

976West Virginia 977Western States 599Whale 639Whale fisheries 633Wheat 324Whigs 323Whigs English 795Whist 159Will 343Wills 788Wind instruments 663Wine 977Wisconsin 819, 829, 839, etc.Wit 133Witchcraft 376Woman, education 324Woman, suffrage 761Wood engraving

SUBJECT INDEX

50

Dewey Decimal Classification
613Watering-places 745Wax flowers 331Wealth 551Weather 677Weaving 389Weights and measures 496Welsh language 979West Indies 674Wood manufactures 636Wool 677Wool manufactures 331Working classes 246-248Worship 651Writing 653Writing short-hand

655Xylography

797Yachting 313Year books

616Yellow fever 362Young men's association

295Zend 295Zend Avesta 521Zodiac

590Zoölogy 593Zoöphytes 295Zoroaster

EXPLANATIONS
The titles of the subject catalogue are exact transcriptions of the title page, neither amended, translated, or in any way altered, except that mottoes, titles of authors, repetitions, or matter of any kind not essential to a clear titular description, are omitted. Omissions of mottoes are indicated by three stars (* * *); of other matter by three dots (...). The phraseology, spelling, and punctuation of the title are exactly copied; but capitals are given only to proper names and adjectives, and initial words of sentences. Any additions needed to make the title clear are supplied and enclosed by brackets. After the titles, are given in order: the place of publication; the year; the year of copyright, if different, in brackets; the edition; the number of volumes, or of pages if in only one volume; the illustrations, maps, plates, or portraits; and the size nearest in the arbitrary scale, regardless of the fold of the sheet. This scale gives the heights in decimeters. Square and oblong books have the size prefixed by sq. or ob. Books 1 decimeter high are called 32°; 1.5 deci., 16°; 2 deci., 12°; 2.5 deci., 8°; 3 deci., 4°; and all others are marked simply by the nearest height, i.e. a book marked 4 is between 3.5 and 4.5 decimeters high. In books having more than one pagination the number of pages is indicated by giving the last number of each pagination connected by a +; an added + indicates additional matter unpaged. These imprint entries give the facts regardless of the title page, and are left blank only when they can be ascertained neither from the book itself or other sources. The contents of volumes are given when on title pages, or when necessary to properly identify the volume, but no analysis is attempted. Necessary notes are given at the bottom of the subject card after the imprint entries.

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Duplicates are simply marked copy 2, copy 3, etc., and bear the same class and book number, but editions of the same book distinct in character are catalogued separately. In all the catalogues, books are entered under the surnames of authors when known; under the initials of author's names, when these only appear, the last initial being put first; under the pseudonyms of the writers, when the real names are not ascertained; under the names of editors of collections; under the names of countries, cities, societies, or other bodies which are responsible for their publication; under the first word not an article of the titles of periodicals and of anonymous books the names of whose authors are not ascertained. Commentaries with the text, and translations are entered under the heading of the original work, but commentaries without the text are entered under the name of the commentator. The Bible or any part of it in any language is entered under the word Bible. Books having more than one author are entered under the first named on the title. In the headings of titles, the names of authors are given in their vernacular form. In English and French surnames beginning with a prefix (except the French de and d') the name is recorded under the prefix. In other languages and in French names beginning with de and d', the name is recorded under the word following the prefix. Compound surnames are entered under the first part of the name. Noblemen and ecclesiastical dignitaries are entered under their family names, but sovereigns, princes, oriental writers, friars, persons canonized, and all other persons known only by their first name, are entered under this first name. The catalogue is not a biographical dictionary, so only gives the names of authors with sufficient fullness to distinguish them from each other in practical use. Names in full face type are the ruling headings under which the books are entered in the various catalogues. Entries not beginning with this type are in addition to the first or main entry, and are made under the names of translators, editors, commentators, continuators, etc., as participators in the authorship; also in the case of books having more than one author, or having both generic and specific titles, or published by societies or other bodies, and having also the name of the individual author. These additional entries are made in order to carry out the plan of the Authors' Catalogue, which aims to give under each author's name all his works which the library contains. The works of an author known by more than one name are given all together, under the form of name chosen. Any other name or title by which he may be known, if it differs in the first three letters, is entered in its alphabetical place, followed by the word see and the name under which the books are entered. Such cross references have no titles given under them, but are simply guides to the name chosen. A single dash indicates the omission of the preceding heading; a subsequent dash indicates the omission of a subordinate heading or of a title. A dash connecting numbers signifies to and including; following a number it signifies continuation. A ? following a word or entry signifies probably. Brackets enclose words added to titles or changed in form. The German diphthongs ä, ö, ü are written, ae, oe, ue. Dates are all given in years of the common calendar, and Arabic numerals are uniformly used for all numbers.

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The Subject Catalogue on large cards can be used to advantage only with the aid of the Classification or Index. To find what the library has on any given subject, get from the Index the class number of that subject. Under this number in the Subject Catalogue will be found the full titles of the books, with imprints, cross references, and notes. The class number, by which the cards are arranged, is given in the upper left corner and immediately under it is the book number. Any other class number given in the left hand margin refers to another subject of which the book also treats. When the class number at the top is followed by an additional figure in brackets, the subject as given in the printed scheme has been subdivided in arranging the cards. This subdivision will be found on the first card of the catalogue which bears this class number. These figures in brackets determine the arrangement of the titles in the Catalogue, but on the shelves, in the Shelf Catalogue, and in calling for and charging books, they are entirely disregarded. Thus a book numbered 942(7).14 would be in the Catalogue among the 942 cards arranged by the figure in brackets as though it were a decimal, but it would be called for as 942.14, the brackets indicating that the final classing was limited to the Catalogue and was not extended to the shelves. If a fourth figure is added without brackets, the final classing is extended to the shelves as well as to the catalogue, and all the figures must be used in calling for the book. In such cases the added figure is treated as a decimal in the arrangement, though the decimal point is not written. The last card which bears any class number, gives under that number, followed by the word SEE the call numbers of other books which treat of the same subject, but are classed elsewhere. General cross references are also made in many cases without specifying individual books, as from Commerce as a question of SOCIAL SCIENCE (380) to Commerce as a USEFUL ART, Book-keeping Business Manuals, etc. (650). In such cases there is a card under 380 marked SEE 650, and under 650 there is a card marked SEE 380. From whatever stand-point a subject is approached, the cross references guide at once to the same subject treated in its other relations. These cross references both general and specific are often accompanied by brief notes, characterizing the books to which reference is made. There will be found at the beginning of many class numbers, a card noting the most reliable books on that subject, and the best of the articles in periodicals, transactions, and collected works with the volume and page where they may be found. It is hoped to give special prominence to these notes for the guidance of readers, and they will be added as rapidly as other duties allow. Many subjects will have no sub-section cards at the beginning; some will have no reference cards at the end; and some may have no titles given under the number. The scheme provides a place for books on all subjects, whether the library has them or not, so where no titles are given under a class number it shows that the library has as yet no books on that subject. Articles in periodicals and transactions, separate volumes of sets and collections which are located together, if catalogued are put under their proper subject number, but no book number is given with it. The call number of the book, where they may be found, is always given in the margin preceded by the word IN. In the same way special chapters in books will sometimes be catalogued, e.g. a card marked 338 IN 331-27, would mean that in the 27 books on 331, Capital and Labor, there was a chapter on 338, Production.

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