THIS IS A SAMPLE FINAL EXAM-The exam you will be tested on may be somewhat

different!
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CHEM1313 Final Exam – 04/26/04
Spring 2004
This exam consists of six (6) questions. Points awarded for each question are indicated after
each part. Only a calculator and a pen/pencil are allowed for this exam. Sheets with potentially
useful equations, tables, and constants are included as the final pages of this exam. Make sure
you read each question carefully. Use the back side of the page if needed.
1) In many European countries pollution caused by automobiles is monitored by measuring the
heavy metal content in plant tissues. In a comparison of two methods for the determination of Cr
in rye grass, the following results were obtained (expressed as ppm Cr):
Method 1: 3.21, 3.17, 3.05, 3.61, 3.33
Method 2: 3.10, 3.01, 2.97, 2.90, 2.95
a) Are there any outliers in the first data set at the 95%confidence level? (5 points)
b) Calculate the 95% confidence limit for the mean Cr content reported by Method 1. Use the
standard deviation to estimate the precision of this Method. (5 points)
c) Are the results reported by both methods different at the 90% confidence level? (10 points)

1

a) Calculate the volume of KOH necessary to reach the first and second equivalence points.1 M H2A solution are titrated with 0. Indicate in the plot the volume of KOH needed to reach the first two buffer regions and their approximate pH. (10 points) c) Write a mass balance for H2A and the charge balance for the solution. (5 points) e) Calculate the approximate pH of the second equivalence point (10 points). (5 points) b) Qualitatively draw the titration curve. Mark on the plot the most important points. The acid dissociation constants for H2A are Ka1=6.Problem 2) 12 ml of a 0.15 M KOH (KOH is the titrant).9 x 10-6 and Ka2=4. Verify if your approximations are valid. 2 .3 x 10-10 respectively. and explain how you would obtain a more accurate value. (5 points) d) Calculate the pH of the solution that would result from the addition of 5 ml of KOH to the H2A solution described above.

(Pay attention to the oxidation state of Cu in this half reaction!). Ksp(Cu2S)=2. 3 . calculate E0 for the following reaction : AgBr ( s ) + e − ⎯ ⎯→ Ag 0 ( s ) + Br − ( aq ) b) (5 points).799 V If the solution is in equilibrium. If the solubility-product constant for AgBr (s) is 5x10-13 and the standard potential (vs.3) a) (15 points). (E0Cu+/Cu0 = 0. SHE) of a half cell consisting of a Cu0 electrode immersed in a solution saturated in Cu2S. SHE) for the reduction of Ag(I) to Ag(0) is: Ag + ( aq ) + e − ⎯ ⎯→ Ag 0 ( s ) E0=0.521 V.5x10-48) Hints: First write mass balances for Cu+and S-2 expressing them as a function of the molar solubility. Calculate the potential (vs.

8 ml of NaOH to the H2S solution described above. a) Calculate the volume of NaOH necessary to reach the first and second equivalence points.4) 25 ml of a 0. Indicate in the plot the volume of NaOH needed to reach the first two buffer regions and their approximate pH. (3points) c) Write a mass balance for H2S and the charge balance. The acid dissociation constants for H2S are Ka1=9. (5 points) d) Calculate the pH of the solution that results from the addition of 5.1 M NaOH (NaOH is the titrant).3 x 10-14 respectively.05 M H2S solution are titrated with 0. (5 points) 4 . (2 points) b) Draw the titration curve.6 x 10-8 and Ka2=1.

5) Draw a block diagram of the instrumental setup for the following UV-Vis spectrophotometer configurations (include the radiation source. monochromator. sample holder(s) and detector): a) Single beam spectrophotometer. (2 points) b) Dual-beam-in-space spectrophotometer. (2 points) d) Briefly mention two advantages of dual-beam spectrophotometers when compared to single beam instruments. (1 point) c) Dual-beam-in-time spectrophotometer. (5 points) 5 .

(1 point) b) Write the Nernst equation for this half reaction. (2 points) c) Make a drawing of the reference electrode.268 V a) Identify the oxidation state of all the Hg species.763 V e) Is the reaction of the electrochemical cell described above spontaneous? (3 points) 6 .03M ) Hg 2 Cl 2 ( s ). (3 points) d) Calculate the potential of the following electrochemical cell: (6 points) Zn 0 Zn( NO3 ) 2 (0.6M ) Hg 0 E0(Zn+2/Zn0)= -0.6) The half reaction occurring in the calomel reference electrode is: Hg 2 Cl 2 ( s ) + 2e − ⎯ ⎯→ 2 Hg (l ) + 2Cl − E0=0. KCl (4.

625 0.86 2.50 5.58 3.11 4.81 2.34 14 1.42 7 1.31 3.57 4.02 2.40 1.20 3.13 2.0592 [C ]c [ D ]d E = E0 − log n [ A]a [ B ]b sa2 ( N a − 1) + sb2 ( N b − 1) Na + Nb − 2 CL for μ= x ± t ⋅ Vx Vt s Henderson-Hasselbalch equation: c pH = pK a + log acid cbase N 7 .507 0.71 5.96 1.634 0.437 0.29 infinity 99% 0.78 4.06 4.70 637.60 2.829 0.01 4.22 1.36 11 1.03 6.Statistical Tables and Equations: Critical Values of Q N 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 90% 0.64 1.466 Critical Values of t Degrees of Freedom 80% 3.60 8.59 1.17 4.83 2.78 1.90 2.44 1.568 0.740 0.821 0.70 63.560 0.44 6 1.35 3.16 3.598 0.765 0.36 3.90% 6.94 2.493 0.26 3.40 8 1.14 2.526 0.36 12 1.31 12.92 31.14 1.568 Qcalc = ∑ (x − x ) i =1 2 Level of Confidence 90% 95% 99% 99.468 0.32 1.92 4.994 0.18 3.18 5.38 9 1.08 1 1.25 4.84 12.970 0.89 2 1.29 d range i Beer’s Law: A = ε ⋅ b ⋅ c N −1 Single point standard addition xa − xb texp = s pooled s pooled = Ax = ε ⋅ b ⋅ c x ⋅ N a + Nb N a Nb As = ε ⋅ b ⋅ (c x ⋅ V x + c s ⋅ V s ) Vt Nernst Equation: ne − Given aA + bB ⎯⎯→ cC + dD 0.941 0.680 0.86 1.96 2.80 2.45 3.23 3.77 2.90 2.53 4 1.37 10 1.36 5.98 4.04 1.926 0.60 2.78 2.35 13 1.710 0.48 5 1.412 N s= 95% 0.76 2.64 3 1.30 9.0 2.642 0.