KS Stream Mitigation Guidelines

Deb Baker Kansas Water Office debaker@kwo.state.ks.us

Paul Liechti Kansas Biological Survey pliechti@ku.edu

February 19,2008

Initial Objectives
Compliment COE policy Provide numeric method to measure Debits / Credits Increase consistency Support other efforts Provide additional tools to help offset proposed impacts Make the document easily understandable

This is not a mandatory COE policy Only applies to COE Individual Permit Could increase chance of receiving a permit Living document



Stream Type

Ephemeral / Intermittent Intermittent with permanent pools Perennial

Ephemeral / Intermittent

Intermittent with Permanent Pools

Perennial streams

Stream Priority Status:

Primary Secondary Tertiary

Designated primary priority areas: • National Wild and Scenic Rivers and streams • Outstanding National Resource Waters • Exceptional State Waters • Special Aquatic Life Use Waters • Waters within Federal/State protected areas • Stream Reference Reach Sites • Waters with outstanding Fisheries Resource Value (2 types) * Waters with listed Federal or State Endangered / Threatened species * Designated Fish Spawning Habitat / Native Freshwater Mussel Refuges

* Determined on a case by case basis

• On State list of impaired waters. • Streams in watersheds targeted for water quality improvement. • Streams adjacent to an approved mitigation bank or mitigation site. • Stream reaches within ½ mile upstream or downstream of primary priority reaches. • Stream reaches in high growth areas not ranked as primary priority areas but designated by COE.

Tertiary All other streams not ranked or otherwise designated as primary or secondary priority.

Existing Condition
A measure of the stream's natural stability and resilience relative to the physical, chemical and biological integrity of the system. Fully Functional Moderately Functional Functionally Impaired

The impaired waters database [303(d) List] (www.kdheks.gov/tmdl/index.htm) is a good resource to help determine the existing condition of many Kansas streams. If a stream is impaired, it cannot be considered fully functional.

Fully Functional

Fully Functional

Moderately Functional

Functionally Impaired

What do the numbers really mean?
For each factor, the numbers are a reflection of individual components within the existing stream Although individually considered, the components are ultimately combined to give a composite score. Changing an individual number may only make a small difference in the final tally. For both Debits and Credits. Scores are comparable when considering Credits against the Debits.

Dam & Impoundment Stream Impact

Dam & Impoundment Stream Impact

Channel & riparian improvements, Culvert replaced New culvert (105’ impact)

Trib. A

Storm water Detention (200’ impact)

Trib. C

Existing Perched Culvert

Trib. B

Bank repair, Channel Improvements & plantings

Deed restrictions Placed on Mitigation sites

New Road Crossing (150’ Channel impact)

Frog Creek
(listed for sediment impairment)

Owl Creek
(mitigation area)

Worksheet Factor Stream Type

Designation Perennial Secondary Moderately Functional
•Evidence •Presently

Justification of Permanent Water listed on 303(d) list

Frog Creek

Stream Status Existing Condition

•Extent of Riparian Width •Evidence of Active Erosion •Impairment (culvert) within •Evidence

½ mile upstream

Stream Type

Intermittent/ Permanent Pools Secondary Moderately Functional Ephemeral/ Intermittent Secondary Functionally impaired

of Pooled water

Tributary A

Stream Status Existing Condition Stream Type


within a high growth area in Topeka

•Extent of Riparian Width •Evidence of Accelerated Erosion •Dry •Is

– no evidence of permanent water

Tributary B

Stream Status Existing Condition

within a high growth area in Topeka

•No Riparian buffer •Extensive Sedimentation •Entrenched.

Adverse Impact Factors for Riverine Systems Worksheet
Factor Stream Type Impacted Stream Status Existing Condition Duration Activity Total Project Impact Sum of Factors Linear Feet of Stream Impacted in Reach M x LF
Impact 1 Frog Ck 0.8 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.05 M = 2.65 LF= 100 265 Impact 2 Frog Ck 0.8 0.4 0.8 0.3 1.5 0.05 3.85 50 193 Impact 3 Trib. A 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.3 2.2 0.05 4.35 75 326 Impact 4 Trib. A 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.05 2.65 30 80 Impact 5 Trib. B 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.3 2.5 0.1 3.8 30 114 Impact 6 Trib. B 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.3 2.0 0.1 3.3 200 660

Total Mitigation Credits Required ∑ (M X LF) = 1638

Factors Stream Type Priority Area Existing Condition Net Benefit Control/Site Protection Mitigation Construction Timing Sum of Factors (M) Stream length in Reach (do not count each bank separately) (LF) Credits (C) = M x LF Site Factor (SF) pg 20. Total Credits Generated C x SF =

Reach 1 Owl Ck 0.6 0.4 0.05 2.0 0.4 0

Reach 2 Trib C 0.4 0.2 0.05 3.5 0.1 0

In-Stream Work / Channel Restoration or Enhancement and Relocation Worksheet

3.45 300

4.25 40

1035 1 1035

170 1 170

Total Channel Restoration/ Relocation Credits Generated = 1205

Factors Stream Type Priority Status Net Benefit Stream Side A Stream Side B Supplemental Buffer Credit Condition Met (Buffer on both sides) Control /Site Protection Mitigation Construction Timing (none for primarily riparian preservation) < 10% requires planting) Temporal Lag Sum Factors (M)= Linear Feet of Stream Buffer (LF) (don’t count each bank separately ) Credits ( C ) =M X LF Total Credits Generated C X Site Factor (SF) pg. 20 Stream Side A Stream Side B

Reach 1 Owl Ck 0.4 0.4 0.16 0 0 0.05 0 0

Reach 2 Trib. C 0.2 0.2 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.05 0 0

Riparian Buffer Creation, Enhancement, Restoration and Preservation Worksheet

-0.3 0.71 300 213 213

-0.3 0.63 225 142 142

Total Riparian Restoration Credits Generated = 355

I. A. II. B. C. D. III. IV. V. K. L. M.

Required Mitigation Total Debits = Non-Banking Credit Summary Riparian Buffer Enhancement Stream Restoration Total Proposed Non-Bank Mitigation = B + C Banking Credit Summary In-Lieu Credit Summary Grand Totals Total Riparian Enhancement Mitigation = B + E + H Total Stream Restoration Mitigation = C + F + I Total Proposed Mitigation = D + G + J Credits 355 1205 1560 Credits Credits

Debits 1638 Linear Feet 525 340 865 Linear Feet Linear Feet Linear Feet 525 340 865 Yes No X

Stream Mitigation Summary Worksheet

Credits 355 1205 1560

Proposed Mitigation Credits (PMC) => Debits Or (in words) Are the Credits in M greater than or equal to debits (A)? PMCStream Restoration > ¼ Debits or (in words) Are the Credits in L greater than or equal to 25% of debits? X

78 Fewer Credits than Debits

We all win when impacts are mitigated!!!



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