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Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain Ohm’s law, KCL and KVL and their basis with suitable examples. (b) Find the equivalent resistance existing between terminals a and b shown in the ﬁgure 1b. [8+8]

Figure 1b 2. (a) A series R C circuit is excited by sinusoidal voltageI = Im sin wt. Find the expression for impedance using phasor diagram. (b) A voltage ν(t) = 10 sin ωt is applied to the series RLC circuit. At the resonant frequency of the circuit, the maximum voltage across the capacitor is found to be 500V. Moreover, the bandwidth is known to be 400rad/sec, and the impedance at resonance is 100Ω. Find the resonant frequency. Also ﬁnd the values of L and C of the circuit. [4+12] 3. (a) Derive the e .m .f equation of a dc . Generator for both wave - wand and lepwand generators? (b) An 6 pole generator armature with 300 conductors is running a speed of 1500 r.p.m ﬁnd the e .m .f generated when ﬂux per pole is 0.06wb? In both lepwand & wave wand? [16] 4. (a) Explain the various methods of speed control of a D.C.shunt motor (b) A 460V D.C series motor run at 1000rpm, taking a current of 40A. Calculate the speed and percentage change torque if the load is reduced.so that the motor taking 30A.Total resistance of the armature and ﬁeld circuits is 0.8Ω.(Assume ﬂux is proportional to ﬁeld current). [8+8] 5. (a) Draw the phasor diagrams of transformer under loaded conditions (b) A 1−Φ transformer, 440/220V , 5KVA, 50 Hz draws a no load current of 0.8A at a p.f of 0.25 lag on H.V side. Determine the magnetizing component, 1 of 2

Code No: R05311801

Set No. 1

careless component emf/turn on either side and the primary current is 18A at a p.f of 0.9 lag. [6+10] 6. (a) Explain the operation of slip ring induction motor. (b) A 3-Φ, 4-pole,1440rpm,50Hz Induction motor has star connected rotor winding, having a resistance of 0.2Ω/phase and stand still lekage of 1 Ω/phase . when the stator is energized at rated voltage and frequency, the rotor induced emf at stand still is 120V/phase. i. calculate the rotor current , rotor power factor and torque both at starting and at full load and compare the results. ii. If the external resistance of 1Ω/phase is inserted in rotor circuit, calculate rotor current rotor power factor and torque at the time of starting.[6+10] 7. (a) Compare salient pole and non salient pole type Synchronous machines (b) The stator of a 3-phase, 16-pole Alternator has 144 slots and there are 4 conductors per slot connected in two layers and the conductors of each phase are connected in series. If the speed of the Alternator is 375 rpm, calculate the emf inducted per phase. Resultant ﬂux in the air-gap is 0.05 webers per pole sinusoidally distributed. Assume the coil span as 150 degrees electrical. [6+10] 8. (a) Explain the steps involved in the extension range of voltmeters (b) Explain the Fluid-Friction Damping in an indicating instruments with neat sketch. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05311801

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Deﬁne the following: i. ii. iii. iv. Self Inductance Mutual Inductance Static Induced e.m.f Dynamically Induced e.m.f

(b) For the circuit shown. determine the current I2 and source voltage Vs . (ﬁgure 1b) [8+8]

Figure 1b 2. (a) Deﬁne RMS value and average value of an alternating quantity. (b) For the circuit shown, determine the total impedance, total current ad phase angle (ﬁgure2b). [4+12]

Figure 2b 3. (a) Derive the e .m .f equation of a dc . Generator for both wave - wand and lepwand generators? (b) An 6 pole generator armature with 300 conductors is running a speed of 1500 r.p.m ﬁnd the e .m .f generated when ﬂux per pole is 0.06wb? In both lepwand & wave wand? [16] 4. (a) Explain the various methods of speed control of a D.C.shunt motor 1 of 2

Code No: R05311801

Set No. 2

(b) A 460V D.C series motor run at 1000rpm, taking a current of 40A. Calculate the speed and percentage change torque if the load is reduced.so that the motor taking 30A.Total resistance of the armature and ﬁeld circuits is 0.8Ω.(Assume ﬂux is proportional to ﬁeld current). [8+8] 5. (a) What are the disadvantages of swinburns test (b) Obtain Equivalent circuit of a 200/400V, 50 Hz 1-Φ transformer from the data: o.c test 200V 0.7A 70W L.V.side s.c test 15V 10A 85W H.V.side Also calculate the secondary voltage when delivering 5KW at 0.8 lag , v1 =200V. [6+10] 6. (a) State the eﬀects of increasing rotor resistance on starting current, starting torque, maximum torque and full-load slip of an induction motor? (b) A 100KW, 3-Φ, 420V, 6-pole,50Hz wound rotor Induction motor, with its rotor winding short circuited, has a full-load slip of 0.04 and slip at maximum torque of 0.2 when operating at rated voltage and frequency.Find i. maximum torque ii. starting torque. If rotor resistance is doubled by adding external series resistance. Determine iii. slip at full-load output iv. full-load torque v. slip at maximum torque. [6+10] 7. (a) Discuss the constructional details of a Synchronous Machine (b) A 3-phase, 16-pole alternator has a star-connected winding with 144 slots and 10 conductors per slot. The ﬂux per pole is 0.03 Wb, Sinusoidally distributed and the speed is 375 r.p.m. Find the frequency rpm and the phase and line e.m.f. Assume full-pitched coil. [8+8] 8. (a) Explain the Diﬀerent types of Controlling Torques in an indicating instruments (b) A moving coil voltmeter with a resistance of 100Ω gives a full scale deﬂection of 1000 . When a potential diﬀerence of 110 mv applied across it .The moving coil has dimensions of 20mmx 15mm and is wound with 1000 turns ,spring constant is 0.2 × 10−6 N-m /deg .Find the ﬂux density in the air gap. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05311801

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Deﬁne self and mutual inductances. Establish the polarity of two mutually coupled coils on a single magnetic core. (b) Find the voltage needed across terminals a-b shown in the ﬁgure1b so that the drop across the 10Ω resistor is 30V. Also ﬁnd the corresponding voltage drop across the 5Ω resistor. [8+8]

Figure 1b 2. The power consumed in the inductive load shown in the ﬁgure2 is 2.5 kW at 0.71 lagging power factor (pf). The input voltage is 230 V, 50 Hz. Find the value of the capacitor C, such that the resultant power factor of the input current is 0.866 lagging. [16]

Figure 2 3. Explain the losses of dc machine? 4. (a) Explain the various methods of speed control of a D.C.shunt motor (b) A 460V D.C series motor run at 1000rpm, taking a current of 40A. Calculate the speed and percentage change torque if the load is reduced.so that the motor 1 of 2 [16]

Code No: R05311801

Set No. 3

taking 30A.Total resistance of the armature and ﬁeld circuits is 0.8Ω.(Assume ﬂux is proportional to ﬁeld current). [8+8] 5. (a) Draw the phasor diagram of a transformer on i. no-load ii. full-load with inductive load and explain (b) A Single phase transformer has 500 turns in the primary and 1200 turns in the secondary .The cross-sectional area of the core is 80 sq.cm. If the primary winding is connected to a 50 hz supply at 500V. Calculate i. peak ﬂux density ii. voltage induced in the secondary. [8+8]

**6. (a) How do you classify the induction motors. Give the constructional details of them.
**

R (b) A 3-Φ Induction motor with X2 = 0.5 has a starting torque of 25N-m for 2 negligible stator impedence and no load current, determine the starting torque when the rotor circuit resistance per phase is

i. doubled ii. halfed.

[6+10]

7. (a) Deduce the relation between the number of poles, the frequency, and the speed of the alternator (b) State the advantages and disadvantages of using short pitched and distributed windings in alternators (c) The eﬀective resistance of a 200V, 50Hz , 440 KVA, 1-phase, alternator is 0.5ohm. On short circuit, a ﬁeld current of 40 A gives the full load current of 200 a. The electromotive force on open-circuits with same ﬁeld excitation is 1160V. Calculate the synchronous impedance and reactance. [5+6+5] 8. (a) Give a summary of four diﬀerent types of voltmeters commonly used in practice state whether they can be used for AC or DC circuits. In one case ,give a sketch showing the construction. With the method of control and damping employed. (b) Distinguish between the PMMC & MI instruments. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: R05311801

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain Ohm’s law, KCL and KVL and their basis with suitable examples. (b) Find the equivalent resistance existing between terminals a and b shown in the ﬁgure 1b. [8+8]

Figure 1b 2. (a) Distinguish between average value and RMS value of an alternating current. (b) Find the average and RMS values of the Full-wave rectiﬁed sine wave shown in the ﬁgure2c. (c) A balanced 3-phase star connected load of 10Ω per phase is connected to a 3-phase, 400V rms supply. Determine the power drawn by the load. [4+6+6]

Figure 2c 3. Explain the types of d.c. generators with the help of diagrams? 4. (a) List out the applications of various types of D.C. Motors. (b) State the reasons for drop in speed of a D.c.shunt motor when it is loaded. (c) The armature resistance of a 220 V d.c. shunt motor is 0.4 Ω and it takes a no-load armature current of 2 A and runs at 1,350 rpm. Find the speed when taking an armature current of 50 A if armature weakens the ﬂux by 2%. [4+4+8] [16]

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Code No: R05311801

Set No. 4

5. A 300KVA,11000/440V,50 hz 1-Φ transformer Give the following results. o.c test 120V 21.1A 1.3KW L.V.side s.c test 600V 15A 2.8KW H.V.side From the above tests calculate the eﬃciency and regulation for full load at 0.8 p.f lagging. [16] 6. (a) Derive the torque equation of an induction motor. (b) A 6 pole, 50Hz squirrel cage induction motors run on load at a shaft speed of 970rpm calculate i. % slip ii. The frequency of induced current in the rotor. 7. (a) Discuss the constructional details of a Synchronous Machine (b) A 3-phase, 16-pole alternator has a star-connected winding with 144 slots and 10 conductors per slot. The ﬂux per pole is 0.03 Wb, Sinusoidally distributed and the speed is 375 r.p.m. Find the frequency rpm and the phase and line e.m.f. Assume full-pitched coil. [8+8] 8. (a) Explain the requirements of indicating instruments (b) Moving coil instrument gives full scale deﬂection with 15 mA and has a resistance of 5 Ω . Calculate the resistance of the necessary components in order that the instrument may be used as i. a 2A- Ammeter ii. a 100 V- Voltmeter. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8] [6+10]

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