943 views

Uploaded by my_jidapas

IB Physics HL Lab Report - Simple Pendulum (Data Collection and Manipulation; Conclusion and Evaluation)

- Simple Pendulum Lab
- Simple Pendulum Lab Report
- Simple Pendulum.
- FinalPhysicsIA (1)
- IB Economics- Microeconomics commentary
- IB Chemistry IA: Energetics
- IB Physics IA #1
- Simple Pendulum
- Microeconomics Commentary - IB Economics SL IA
- Perfect IA
- My Pendulum Lab
- IB Physics Semester 1 Exam Review
- Physics Lab Report - Refractive Index
- Cantilever Lab IB Physics IA
- Standing Waves Lab
- IB-physics
- Physics Crater Design Lab
- Using Snell's law to measure the refractive index of perspex
- Forces and Dynamics Physics IB
- 12 Option D: Astrophysics (IB Physics-HL Pearson)

You are on page 1of 7

EXPERIMENT TO DETERMINE G

Data Collection and Processing

Data Collection

Time (s 0.2)

Length of the string (cm

0.1)

Trial1

Trial2

Trial3

20.0

5.00

5.16

5.06

30.0

6.00

6.00

6.00

40.0

6.56

6.83

6.88

50.0

7.50

7.59

7.50

60.0

8.34

8.15

8.16

Table1: The length of the string and the time taken for a pendulum to

complete 5 oscillations

The column labeled Length of the string is the length of the string in which a

constant mass of 200g was hung to. Its unit is centimeter (cm). It was measured

using a measuring tape which had the least reading of 0.1cm. Its uncertainty was

derived by dividing the least reading by two (0.1/2 = 0.05cm) and adding

uncertainty of the measuring tape (0.05 + 0.05 = 0.1cm) as the string was

measured in the middle of a measuring tape and therefore it involved subtraction

of the two readings at both ends of the string.

The column labeled Time is the time taken for the pendulum to complete 5

complete oscillations. Three trials of the experiments were performed to reduce

the effects of random errors. The time taken was measured using a digital

stopwatch which has a least reading of 0.01s. The uncertainties caused from the

reaction time were assumed to be 0.1s and because the stopwatch was started

and stopped, the reaction time must be multiplied by 2: (0.1*2 = 0.2).

Data Processing

Time Period (T) (s 0.04)

Length of the string (m

0.001)

Trial1

Trial2

Trial3

Average

0.200

1.00

1.03

1.01

1.01

0.300

1.20

1.20

1.20

1.20

0.400

1.31

1.37

1.38

1.35

0.500

1.50

1.52

1.50

1.51

0.600

1.67

1.63

1.63

1.64

Table2: The time period of the pendulum for different length of the

string

The column labeled Length of the string contain the lengths of the string which

have been converted into meter (m) by dividing by 100 (20.0/100 = 0.2000m).

Its uncertainty is the uncertainty of the measurement in centimeter divided by

Page 1 of 7

100 (0.1cm/100 = 0.001cm). The lengths are recorded in 3 significant figures in

order to match with the uncertainty and so that they remain the same with the

significant figures recorded in table1.

The column labeled Time Period is the time taken for a pendulum to complete 1

complete oscillation and is calculated by:

Time period=

number of oscillations

For Trial1:

Length = 0.200m:

Length = 0.300m:

Length = 0.300m:

Time period=

5.00

=1.000 s

5

Time period=

6.00

=1.200 s

5

Time period=

6.56

=1.312 s

5

The column labeled Average is the average time period of the pendulum. It is

calculated by

Average =

3

For Trial1:

Length = 0.200m:

Length = 0.300m:

Length = 0.400m:

Average =

1.000+1.032+1.012

=1.015 s

3

Average =

1.200+1.200+1.200

=1.200 s

3

Average =

1.312+1.366+1.376

= 1.351s

3

The uncertainty of the time period is calculated by dividing the uncertainty of the

time taken for the pendulum to complete 5 oscillations by 5 (0.2/5 = 0.04s)

Length of

string

(m

0.001)

Average

time period

(Tave) (s)

Range of

Tave (s)

Absolute

Uncertainti

es of Tave (s)

Percentage

Uncertainti

es of Tave

(%)

(Average

time

period)2

(Tave)2 (s2)

Absolute

Percentage

Uncertainty

of (Tave)2 (s2)

0.200

1.01

0.02

0.04

3.94

1.03

0.08

Page 2 of 7

0.300

1.20

0.00

0.04

3.33

1.44

0.400

1.35

0.03

0.04

2.96

1.83

0.500

1.51

0.01

0.04

2.66

2.27

0.600

1.64

0.02

0.04

2.43

2.70

Table3: The processed data of the average time period and the squared

time period and their respected uncertainties

0.07

0.07

0.07

0.06

The column labeled Average time period contains average time period for each

of the lengths of the pendulum. It is also taken from Table2.

The range of the average time period is calculated by:

Range=

2

Range=

1.031.00

=0.02(2 d . p)

2

However, since the absolute uncertainty of the average time period calculated

previously (0.04s) is larger than the uncertainty calculated from the range, the

absolute uncertainty used to further calculation is taken to be 0.04s.

The percentage uncertainty Tave is calculated by

Percentage uncertainty=

Absolute uncertainty

100 %

Value

Percentage uncertainty=

0.04

100= 3.94%

1.01

The column labeled (Average time period)2 (Tave)2 is calculated by squaring the

average time period. Its unit is s2.

For Trial1: Length = 0.200m: (Tave)2 = 1.012 1.03 s2

The uncertainty of (Average time period)2 (Tave)2 is calculated by:

[ ( 2 percentage uncertainty of T

uncertainty=

ave

) ( T ave )

100

uncertain ty=

100

Page 3 of 7

Page 4 of 7

Data Presentation

3.00

f(x) = 18.84x

14.58x - 2.82

1.81

2.50

2.00

(Average time period)2 (Tave)2

Linear ((Average time period)2 (Tave)2)

Maximum gradient

1.50

Minimum gradient

Linear (Minimum gradient)

1.00

0.50

0.00

0.150

0.200

0.250

0.300

0.350

0.400

0.450

0.500

0.550

0.600

0.650

Page 5 of 7

In Graph1, the squared average time period (on the y-axis) is plotted against the

length of the spring (on the x-axis). The values are taken from Table3 and shown

as orange data points. The vertical error bars are the uncertainty of the (T ave)2

and taken from the column Absolute Percentage Uncertainty of (T ave)2 in Table3.

The maximum gradient line is drawn by joining the negative error bar of length

of string = 0.200m and the positive error bar of length of sting = 0.600m. The

minimum gradient line is drawn by joining the positive error bar of length of

string = 0.200m and the negative error bar of length of sting = 0.600m. The

uncertainty of the length of the string is too small to be shown clearly as

horizontal error bars on the graph, and thus is omitted.

The equations of the lines of best fit are generated automatically by Microsoft

Excel, where the coefficients of x represent the gradients of the lines.

The formula used to calculate time period of a simple pendulum is

T =2

l

g

and 2 is a constant.

2

2

T (2 )

=

l

g

2

(2 )

g

-1 2

g=

m=

( 2 )2

g

( 2 )2

m

For (Tave)2:

m = 4.17 m-1s2 (shown in black colour on the graph)

g=

( 2 )2

=9.47 ms2 (3s.f.)

4.17

m 4.17 m-1s2 (shown in green colour on the graph)

( 2 )2

g=

=8.38 m s2

4.71

(3s.f.)

Page 6 of 7

g=

( 2 )2

=10.8 m s2 (3s.f.)

3..66

max g min g

10.8 m s28.38 m s2

g=

=

=2.21 m s2

2

2

Percentage error of the experiment

The theoretical value of g is approximately 9.81 ms-2 (reference:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravity_of_Earth)

Percentage error=

9.47 2.21m s2 .

Theoritical value

|9.819.47|

9.81

100 =3.47

100

(3 s.f.)

The theoretical value of g does fall into the range of the experimental value after

the uncertainties of 2.21 ms-2 has been allowed for. Also, the percentage error of

this experiment is quite low. Thus, it can be concluded that experiment was

precise and accurate. The experimental values of g are lower than the theoretical

value because of the presence of friction between the strings and the stand.

Page 7 of 7

- Simple Pendulum LabUploaded bysagarchester
- Simple Pendulum Lab ReportUploaded bycm7465
- Simple Pendulum.Uploaded byab594
- FinalPhysicsIA (1)Uploaded byjonathan_coleman_9
- IB Economics- Microeconomics commentaryUploaded byMomina Amjad
- IB Chemistry IA: EnergeticsUploaded byMomina Amjad
- IB Physics IA #1Uploaded byAkmal Rafiq Bin Ariffen
- Simple PendulumUploaded bysayakmitra10
- Microeconomics Commentary - IB Economics SL IAUploaded byKeshia Saradima
- Perfect IAUploaded byMelissa Anne Hawley
- My Pendulum LabUploaded bymostafa_m_ibrahim2444
- IB Physics Semester 1 Exam ReviewUploaded byaryamandoc
- Physics Lab Report - Refractive IndexUploaded bymy_jidapas
- Cantilever Lab IB Physics IAUploaded byChelci Erin Houston
- Standing Waves LabUploaded byOmarZinAbidine
- IB-physicsUploaded bysamuthiram771198
- Physics Crater Design LabUploaded bySiddharth Rajendran
- Using Snell's law to measure the refractive index of perspexUploaded byMarc Wierzbitzki
- Forces and Dynamics Physics IBUploaded bysupergirl123
- 12 Option D: Astrophysics (IB Physics-HL Pearson)Uploaded byWenFangChang
- Chemistry IAs BookUploaded byMohamed Sabry Safan
- Simple Pendulum Lab WriteUploaded byrezzman
- Lab Report 1 the Simple PendulumUploaded bymandreidofy
- Simple PendulumUploaded byHOOTAZZZ
- IB Physics IA GuideUploaded byKari Eloranta
- IGCSE Physics Lesson PlanUploaded bygdsuta
- Physics IA FinalUploaded byBenjamin Knez
- IB Chem IA BleachUploaded byAngus Fong
- IA - Enthalpy Change Copper Sulfate and ZincUploaded byannehindenberg
- Investigation 06 EnUploaded byHilda Hiong

- Optimal control short courseUploaded byIvan Broggi
- Programacion orientada a objetos para PLCUploaded bydfssdf
- acc-501Uploaded byzoka4175
- AKVIS ArtSuiteUploaded byEkkasit Chaingam
- User Manual - TDSL300W2Uploaded bydugdugdugdugi
- Elias Sleiman ResumeUploaded byTravis Turner
- Multi-physics, Optimization, And Uncertainty Propagation - Part IUploaded byFoundation CMG
- UltraMixer 3.2 UserguideUploaded bycoooolns
- BTEQUploaded byKarthikRe
- Human Resource ManagementUploaded bysksingh.rose196711
- Install MongoDB on Ubuntu 16Uploaded byAnuj Aggarwal
- Writr a c Program to Find the Length of the String Using StrlenUploaded byattaullahjohar040
- 18701608-In-SignallingInAP-CAP-Operation-List.pdfUploaded bybuban8888
- Audi Infotainment.pdfUploaded byDave Rees
- ARITHMETICLECTURESUploaded byKhixr Ansari
- All Lecture SlidesUploaded byKaroli Otieno
- Cast and Forged Part OptimizerUploaded bygtnmrg
- תכנון מיקרו מעבדים- הרצאה 2Uploaded byRon
- Cg FunctionsUploaded bymehandisk
- ADVANCING INNOVATIVE HIGH-SPEED REMOTE-SENSING HIGHWAY INFRASTRUCTURE ASSESSMENT USING EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: TECHNICAL REPORTUploaded byANURAG ANAND
- Super G3 Fax Bd-F1 Multiline Fax Bd-A1Uploaded byKamal Cozier
- FoxitPhantom22 ManualUploaded byutuy3
- Iterview Questions UmtsUploaded byshikharsingh39837
- Identification Of Acute Appendicitis Using Euclidean Distance On Sonographic ImageUploaded byDr. R. BALU
- TCS IT Wiz Quiz Book 2016Uploaded byAchyut Aryan
- Ksn Software AnconUploaded byNikola Bozovic
- ASP.Net notesUploaded byapi-3856737
- readme.pdfUploaded byRammiris Man
- Senior Mgr Sourcing - 2018.docxUploaded byRitesh Cool Stuff
- HCNA-Access Lab Guide V2.0Uploaded byArturNascimento