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WHY THE SMART GRID REVOLUTION?

Running today's digital society through


yesterday's grid is like running the Internet
through an old telephone switchboard

Reid Detchon
NEW CHALLENGES
TO THE ELECTRICITY NETWORK
OUR CLIENTS ARE FACING 4 MAIN CHALLENGES
1

X Increasing demand for energy and electricity

2
X Moving towards an environmentally-friendlier energy mix
(lower carbon emissions, more renewable energy…)

X Volatile energy prices and critical energy losses

4
X Emerging large regional transmission networks

RAISING THE NETWORK’S


COMPLEXITY
1
INCREASING DEMAND FOR ENERGY

Energy Demand will


grow by 55 % between
2005 and 2030

Increasing share of
electricity in the
energy mix

WITH ELECTRICITY GROWING FASTER


Source: IEA Key world energy statistic 2007, world energy outlook 2007
2
MOVING TOWARDS AN ENVIRONMENTALLY-
FRIENDLIER ENERGY MIX
15
Rest of non-OECD

12
Gigatonnes of CO
2 China
9 Rest of OECD CO2 emissions
grow faster than
6 United States
energy demand
3

0
1990 2000 2010 2020 2030

Increasing
share of
renewable
energy in the
generation mix

WITH MORE RENEWABLE ENERGY


3 CONSTRAINTS ON PRIMARY SOURCES
Critical level of losses

An inefficient energy
chain with 2/3 of
primary energy lost,
mostly due to power
Scotland

conversion

Between 7% & 16% of


the electricity generated
is lost on the networks

HIGHLIGHTING THE IMPORTANCE


OF POWER EFFICIENCY
4 EMERGING LARGE REGIONAL
TRANSMISSION NETWORKS
ENSURING SUPPLY SECURITY AND PRICE DECREASE
► The European case:
Š Directives 2003/54 & 2003/55 adopted in 2003 to create a large,
continental electricity grid in Europe
Create opportunities for new comers in generation and distribution
Independent gas and electricity regulator
Possibility for all customers to change suppliers
Š Similar actions take place in the USA and other regions.

LEADING TO DIFFICULTIES TO COPE WITH THE INCREASED


NETWORK COMPLEXITY
► 2003 North America
Š 50 millions inhabitants affected
Š Restoration took a few days
► 2003 Italy
Š 57 millions inhabitants affected
Š Restoration: 4hours
► 2005 Moscow
Š 4 millions inhabitants affected
Š Restoration: 2 days
REINFORCING
CUSTOMERS NEEDS
REINFORCING EXISTING NEEDS
X Reliability and quality
Ensure security of supply, reliability of the network and quality
of the electricity delivered

X Stability
Monitor oscillations and manage the network to prevent
blackouts and maximize availability of power

X Environmental concerns
Provide clean energy (CO2 free) and reduce environmental
impact

X Energy efficiency
Deliver the maximum of electricity to the end-user, starting
from a given quantity of energy and from existing assets

X Market efficiency
Set up tools and processes to fully enable energy markets
Enable customers / end-users dynamic participation

The network must be smarter with more


intelligence at all levels
TODAY’S ONE-WAY CENTRALIZED ELECTRICITY
NETWORK…

Power flow

12kV 380kV 380kV


Transmission
Transmission
Power plant Network
Network

220/110kV 110kV 25kV

Heavy Industry Rail Traffic


Rail Traffic

Department Stores,
380/220V 20kV 20kV
Offices, Light
Residential Areas Industry

400/230V

Farmhouses
Family Homes
- Farmhouses

… NEEDS TO EVOLVE 4
TOWARDS A DYNAMIC AND BIDIRECTIONAL
FLOW OF ENERGY AND DATA…
Industrial Plants
CHP
Power
Flows
Central power plant

Fuel Cells

Department Stores,
Micro-turbines
offices

Residential Areas

Virtual Power Plant


Storage
Wind Farms

Centralized versus decentralized

Decentralized generation Central generation Consumption


…WITH SUPPORT FROM NEW TECHNOLOGY AND
REGULATION
New
New technology
technology ► New technology capabilities
Capabilities
Capabilities
Š Technological Convergence
Š Modeling and simulation
Š Complex systems control
Š Energy storage
Š Power electronics…

Energy
Energy policies
policies // ► Emerging governmental energy policies for
Regulatory
Regulatory push
push energy & environmental efficiency:
Š Energy supply
Š Blackout prevention
Š Energy demand management
BRINGING ON THE SMART GRIDS
THE SMART GRID

More efficient,
More reliable,
Environmentally-friendlier,
…SMARTER GRIDS!
AREVA’S SMART GRID VISION
• Defense plan
Enablers Blackout • React in real-time
Blackout
Customers needs prevention • Online Stability
New technologies prevention • Closed Loop Control
capabilities
Reliability and
Quality • Nuclear
CO • Centralized / Decentralized
CO22 free
freeenergy
energy Renewable
sources
sources
Stability integration
• Micro–renewable
integration • Energy storage

• Infrastructure (incl. long


Environmental Transmission distance, both energy &
Energy policies / Transmission communication)
concerns
+ Regulatory push optimization
optimization • Network management

Energy
efficiency • Infrastructure ( to enable
Distribution bi-directional power
Distribution flows, communication)
optimization
optimization • Network management
Market
efficiency
• Electric cars
New • µ-production and µ-grid
New consumption
consumption • Deregulated environment
modes
modes integration
integration • Smart appliances &
and management
and management buildings
AREVA T&D’S SMART GRID VISION

Customers needs
We
Weoffer
offerour
ourcustomers
customersaawide
wide range
rangeofofreliable
reliable
and
and innovative solutions to help them meet
innovative solutions to help them meet
Reliability and today’s and tomorrow’s electricity challenges
today’s and tomorrow’s electricity challenges
Quality

Stability To
Torespond
respondto tothese
these challenges,
challenges, grids
grids need
need to
to
evolve to become more efficient, environmentally-
evolve to become more efficient, environmentally-
friendlier
friendlier and
and more
more reliable,
reliable, in
inaa word
word the
the smarter
smarter
grids – a process of constant improvement
grids – a process of constant improvement
Environmental
concerns
We
Wehave
havemade
madeSmarter
SmarterGrids
Grids aa top
top priority
priority in
in our
our
Energy ambitious R&D program and we already
ambitious R&D program and we already offer offer
efficiency some
some Smart
Smart Grid-enabled
Grid-enabled products.
products.

Making
Making the
the grid
grid smarter
smarter can
can only
onlybe
be achieved
achieved by
by
combining
combining smarter
smartertechnologies
technologiesand
andsmarter
Market smarter
teamwork
teamwork
efficiency

A PROCESS OF CONTINUOUS
IMPROVEMENT
SMARTER TEAMWORK
SMART GRIDS, A SMART COMPANY NETWORK

Customers Technology players

ƒ ICT industry (Software /


ƒ Utilities Hardware / Services)
ƒ Industrial ƒ Energy-related niche players
ƒ Domestic (Metering, Demand Response…)
ƒ Regulators ƒ Integrators
AREVA T&D ƒ Other industry players
(Automotive, Domestic
Appliances…)

Universities and experts’ Local specialist


networks associations
PARTNERING WITH CUSTOMERS

Š User Groups…

Š Post-CIGRE Event…

Dr. Pachauri
Nobel Peace Prize 2007
PARTNERING WITH TECHNOLOGY PLAYERS

Š Specific skills of Integrators & Software companies…


Š Supported by Energy experts…

FOR FASTER DEVELOPMENT


AND COMPLETE SOLUTIONS
PARTNERING WITH LOCAL STAKEHOLDERS

Member of the European Technology


Platform SmartGrids

Member of North American Electric


Reliability Corporation (NERC)

Member of the GridWise Alliance (USA)

Member of the Power Systems Engineering


Research Center (PSERC) in the USA

WITH SUPPORT FROM


FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
SMARTER TECHNOLOGIES
OUR E-TERRA PRODUCT RANGE

FOCUSING ON ENERGY GRID


EFFICIENCY AND
RELIABILITY

Main features
Š e-terraplatform for network
management solution foundation
Š e-terrasource for centralized
configuration models management
Še-terradistribution for active
distribution network management
Še-terravision for real-time situation
awareness
OUR ONLINE STABILITY SOLUTION

PREVENTING
BLACKOUTS

Main features
Š Advanced visualization of Phase
Measurement Units (PMU) angle
difference
Š Real time trending of stability
margin
ŠOscillation monitoring
ŠWide Area Monitoring and Control
OUR CB WATCH-2 CIRCUIT BREAKER
MONITORING SYSTEMS

MINIMIZING COSTS AND


ENSURING RELIABILITY

Main features
Š Monitors, via sensors major
components of the circuit breakers
Š Analyses information and triggers
alarms locally and/or remotely
Š Can be applied to all High-Voltage
Circuit breakers : Live Tank, Dead
Tank, Generator Circuit Breaker
OUR MS3000 TRANSFORMER MONITORING
SYSTEMS
MINIMIZING COSTS AND ENSURING
RELIABILITY

Main features
Š Continuous supervision
Š Exact statements about operating
condition
Š Optimized operating and lifetime Lifetime data
management

management Data
acquisition
Visualisation

Š Early detection of incipient faults


Information
Data analysis

Š Avoid failures, outages & collateral distribution

Condition
damage diagnostics

Š Knowledge of transformer life & lifetime


consumption
Š Extended transformer lifetime
Š Reduction of life-cycle cost
OUR FACTS DEVICES RANGE

IMPROVING NETWORK
STABILITY AND RELIABILITY

Main features
Š Reactive Power compensation
SC SR PST

Š Power Flow increase MSC MSR

Š Reactive Power Control


Š Power Flow Control
Š Fast Dynamic Response
SVC STATCOM / D-STATCOM TCSC DVR / SSSC

Š Stability improvement MSC = Switched Capacitor SVC = Static Var Compensator


MSR = Switched Reactor STATCOM = Static Synchronous Compensator

Š Reliability improvement
SC = Series Capacitor D-STATCOM = Distribution STATCOM
SR = Series Reactor TCSC = Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor
PST = Phase Shifting Transformer DVR = Dynamic Voltage Restorer
SSSC = Static Synchronous Series Compensator

Š Power oscillation damping


OUR D-STATCOM SOLUTION:
SVC MaxSine
SMART NETWORK
SUPPORTING DEVICE
IMPROVING POWER QUALITY
Main features
ŠAll-in-one Real-time
Compensation
zCurrent
Harmonics
Compensation
zVoltage Stabilisation
zFlicker Reduction
zPower Factor Correction
zLoad Currents Balancing
ŠReaction Time is less than
2ms
ŠUniversal Communication
Connectivity
OUR ACTIVE FILTER: MaxSine

ACTIVE FILTERING
Main features
Š Reactive Compensation
Š Active Filtering
Š Selection of harmonic
currents to be compensated
Š Compensation factor
selectively adjustable from 0 to
100%
OUR NETWORK STUDIES CAPACITY

MODELING SMARTGRIDS

Main features
Š Renewable Energy Sources
integration (wind farms)
Š FACTS integration and
coordination
Š Distributed Generation integration
900

Š Protection plan analysis


[kV]
750

(Distribution Networks with 2-ways 600

450

power flow) 300

150

Š Best solutions for Short Circuit 0

-150
Currents limitation -300
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 [us ] 80
(f ile jebel-back.pl4; x-var t) v:BUSH.

Š Electric cars integration


Š…
SMARTER TECHNOLOGY
Some Success Stories
USA – OUR NEW GENERATION PE
SVC Xcel ENERGY

IMPROVING TRANSMISSION
GRID STABILITY

Customer Benefits
Easing connection of
renewable energy and
stabilizing the network
Minimizing voltage
fluctuation
Increasing power transfer
capabilities
Improving steady and
dynamic transmission
system performance
CANADA – OUR NEW GENERATION PE
HVDCice™
IMPROVING NETWORK
STABILITY AND DE-ICING
OVERHEAD LINES

Customer Benefits
SVC to improve 735kV
network security and
reliability
DC injection to melt the ice
on overhead lines.
Fast reconfiguration from
SVC mode to HVDC de-icer
mode (<1 hour)
WEST-AUSTRALIA – OUR SVC MaxSine

IMPROVING POWER QUALITY


FOR A NICKEL MINE

Customer Benefits
3-in-one Compensation
Power Factor Correction
Voltage Stabilisation
Flicker Reduction
Listens to the Network, not
to the Load
Compensation-on-demand
Features
EMIRATES – OUR SVC MaxSine

IMPROVING POWER
QUALITY FOR A STEEL
FACTORY

Customer Benefits
All-in-one Real-time
Compensation
Harmonic currents
Compensation
Flicker Reduction
Power Factor Correction
Load Currents Balancing
Reaction Time is less than
2ms
Universal Communication
Connectivity
USA – OUR e-terrasettlement

DEMONSTRATING OUR
SOLUTIONS’ POWER
AND RELIABILITY

Customer Benefits
Offering a truly scalable
architecture to meet the
growing data volume
needs.
A fully configurable
solution.
DENMARK

TOWARDS MORE EFFICIENT


DISTRIBUTED GENERATION
MANAGEMENT

Customer Benefits
Providing crucial information for
properly estimating how much
generation each turbine
produces
Assessing the network security
Providing a full realistic
operational behavior simulation
environment with Dispatcher
Training Simulatorn (DTS)
CHINA – OUR e-terravision

FOR SMARTER
TRANSMISSION

Customer Benefits
An integrated and unified
Situation-Awareness tool
within the Generalized Grid
Security Framework (GGSF).
Providing advanced decision
support tools to guide
operators with re-dispatch
actions to alleviate security
violations
SWITZERLAND - OUR INTRA-DAY PLANT
OPTIMIZER

FOR SMARTER
DISPATCH
Customer Benefits
All generation, transmission
and distribution applications
in a single, field proven
system
Providing a very broad and
cost-effective set of
functions
Real Time monitoring:
improve compliance with
schedules, reduce counter-
trading, increase security
FRANCE - MICROGRIDS CONTROLLER

THE MOST EFFECTIVE


AND RELIABLE
SOLUTIONS

Customer Benefits
Cheaper solution than
the traditional Generator
+ battery solution
Conformity with the
National and EC laws
applicable in Medical site