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physics and engineering volume 2

- Electrostatics Problems
- Ch28
- TB Chapter30
- TB Chapter24
- as1
- De Broglie electron diffraction
- Barad, On Touching
- Physics 1, Lab18
- 6. Electron Beam Basic Concept - Dr. Ravikumar
- 0625_s12_qp_21
- Physics II Problems (1)
- The scalar electric potential and the Coulomb superposition integral
- Electrical Potential
- Single Molecule Devices
- David Ambrose Term Project Presentation: The "ABC" Particle Physics Simulator
- Qua,Trigo,Kinematics,Mole Concpaper 1
- Sem Theory
- To Pranesh
- Electron Physics
- 351-1text

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Electric Potential

Multiple Choice

1.

A charged particle (q = 8.0 mC), which moves in a region where the only force

acting on the particle is an electric force, is released from rest at point A. At point

B the kinetic energy of the particle is equal to 4.8 J. What is the electric potential

difference VB VA ?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

2.

electric force. As the particle moves 25 cm from point A to point B, its kinetic

energy increases by 1.5 mJ. Determine the electric potential difference, VB VA .

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

3.

50 V

40 V

30 V

60 V

+15 V

Points A [at (2, 3) m] and B [at (5, 7) m] are in a region where the electric field is

uniform and given by E = (4i + 3j) N/C. What is the potential difference

VA VB ?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

4.

0.60 kV

+0.60 kV

+0.80 kV

0.80 kV

+0.48 kV

33 V

27 V

30 V

24 V

11 V

A particle (charge = +2.0 mC) moving in a region where only electric forces act

on it has a kinetic energy of 5.0 J at point A. The particle subsequently passes

through point B which has an electric potential of +1.5 kV relative to point A.

Determine the kinetic energy of the particle as it moves through point B.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

3.0 J

2.0 J

5.0 J

8.0 J

10.0 J

49

50

5.

CHAPTER 25

A particle (mass = 6.7 1027 kg, charge = 3.2 1019 C) moves along the positive

x axis with a speed of 4.8 105 m/s. It enters a region of uniform electric field

parallel to its motion and comes to rest after moving 2.0 m into the field. What is

the magnitude of the electric field?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

6.

A proton (mass = 1.67 1027 kg, charge = 1.60 1019 C) moves from point A to

point B under the influence of an electrostatic force only. At point A the proton

moves with a speed of 50 km/s. At point B the speed of the proton is 80 km/s.

Determine the potential difference VB VA .

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

7.

+15 V

15 V

33 V

+33 V

20 V

What is the speed of a proton that has been accelerated from rest through a

potential difference of 4.0 kV?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

9.

+20 V

20 V

27 V

+27 V

40 V

A proton (mass = 1.67 1027 kg, charge = 1.60 1019 C) moves from point A to

point B under the influence of an electrostatic force only. At point A the proton

moves with a speed of 60 km/s. At point B the speed of the proton is 80 km/s.

Determine the potential difference VB VA .

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

8.

2.0 kN/C

1.5 kN/C

1.2 kN/C

3.5 kN/C

2.4 kN/C

9.8 105 m/s

8.8 105 m/s

1.2 106 m/s

6.2 105 m/s

An electron (m = 9.1 1031 kg, q = 1.6 1019 C) starts from rest at point A and

has a speed of 5.0 106 m/s at point B. Only electric forces act on it during this

motion. Determine the electric potential difference VA VB .

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

71 V

+71 V

26 V

+26 V

140 V

Electric Potential

10.

A proton (m = 1.7 1027 kg, q = +1.6 1019 C) starts from rest at point A and has

a speed of 40 km/s at point B. Only electric forces act on it during this motion.

Determine the electric potential difference VB VA .

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

11.

+4.2 V

4.2 V

9.4 V

+9.4 V

8.4 V

Points A [at (3, 6) m] and B [at (8, 3) m] are in a region where the electric field is

uniform and given by E = 12i N/C. What is the electric potential difference

VA VB ?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

14.

2.2 kV

+1.1 kV

1.1 kV

+2.2 kV

+1.3 kV

An alpha particle (m = 6.7 1027 kg, q = +3.2 1019 C) has a speed of 20 km/s at

point A and moves to point B where it momentarily stops. Only electric forces act

on the particle during this motion. Determine the electric potential difference

VA VB .

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

13.

+8.5 V

8.5 V

4.8 V

+4.8 V

17 V

A particle (m = 2.0 g, q = 5.0 nC) has a speed of 30 m/s at point A and moves

(with only electric forces acting on it) to point B where its speed is 80 m/s.

Determine the electric potential difference VA VB .

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

12.

51

+60 V

60 V

+80 V

80 V

+50 V

If a = 30 cm, b = 20 cm, q = +2.0 nC, and Q = 3.0 nC in the figure, what is the

potential difference VA VB ?

a

A

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

+60 V

+72 V

+84 V

+96 V

+48 V

a

B

52

15.

CHAPTER 25

6.0 kV (relative to zero at infinity) and an electric field of 36i N/C at point P.

Determine the work required of an external agent to move a 3.0-C charge along

the x axis from infinity to point P without any net change in the kinetic energy of

the particle.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

16.

21 mJ

18 mJ

24 mJ

27 mJ

12 mJ

Point charges q and Q are positioned as shown. If q = +2.0 nC, Q = 2.0 nC,

a = 3.0 m, and b = 4.0 m, what is the electric potential difference, VA VB ?

a

A

q

90

90

b

90

90

a

B

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

17.

on the y axis, a 80-nC charge at x = 4 m on the x axis, and a 70-nc charge at

y = 6 m on the y axis. What is the electric potential (relative to a zero at infinity)

at the point x = 8 m on the x axis?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

18.

8.4 V

6.0 V

7.2 V

4.8 V

0V

+81 V

+48 V

+5.8 V

72 V

18 V

Point charges of equal magnitudes (25 nC) and opposite signs are placed on

(diagonally) opposite corners of a 60-cm 80-cm rectangle. If point A is the

corner of this rectangle nearest the positive charge and point B is located at the

intersection of the diagonals of the rectangle, determine the potential difference,

VB VA.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

47 V

+94 V

zero

94 V

+47 V

Electric Potential

19.

Identical 2.0-C charges are located on the vertices of a square with sides that are

2.0 m in length. Determine the electric potential (relative to zero at infinity) at the

center of the square.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

20.

4.5 kV

2.7 kV

1.8 kV

3.6 kV

14 kV

Four identical point charges (+6.0 nC) are placed at the corners of a rectangle

which measures 6.0 m 8.0 m. If the electric potential is taken to be zero at

infinity, what is the potential at the geometric center of this rectangle?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

23.

6.0 kV

8.4 kV

9.6 kV

4.8 kV

3.6 kV

Identical 4.0-C charges are placed on the y axis at y = 4.0 m. Point A is on the x

axis at x = +3.0 m. Determine the electric potential of point A (relative to zero at

the origin).

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

22.

38 kV

51 kV

76 kV

64 kV

13 kV

located on the y axis at y = 1.0 m. Point A is on the y axis at y = +4.0 m.

Determine the electric potential at point A (relative to zero at the origin).

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

21.

53

58 V

63 V

43 V

84 V

11 V

Three identical point charges (+2.0 nC) are placed at the corners of an equilateral

triangle with sides of 2.0-m length. If the electric potential is taken to be zero at

infinity, what is the potential at the midpoint of any one of the sides of the

triangle?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

16 V

10 V

70 V

46 V

44 V

54

24.

CHAPTER 25

(charge = q) is released from rest when it is a distance R from P. If Q = +2.0 mC,

q = 1.5 mC, and R = 30 cm, what is the kinetic energy of the moving particle

after it has moved a distance of 10 cm?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

25.

from rest with the distance between them equal to 1.0 m. If Q = 12 C, what is the

kinetic energy of particle B at the instant when the particles are 3.0 m apart?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

26.

0.75 m

0.84 m

0.95 m

0.68 m

0.56 m

A particle (charge 7.5 C) is released from rest at a point on the x axis, x = 10 cm.

It begins to move due to the presence of a 2.0-C charge which remains fixed at

the origin. What is the kinetic energy of the particle at the instant it passes the

point x = 1.0 m?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

28.

8.6 J

3.8 J

6.0 J

2.2 J

4.3 J

(charge = 80 C) which is held in a fixed position. At an instant when the

distance between the two particles is 2.0 m, the kinetic energy of the moving

particle is 16 J. Determine the distance separating the two particles when the

moving particle is momentarily stopped.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

27.

60 kJ

45 kJ

75 kJ

90 kJ

230 kJ

3.0 J

1.8 J

2.4 J

1.2 J

1.4 J

charge is held fixed at the origin, what is the kinetic energy of the particle after it

has moved 90 cm?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

1.6 J

2.0 J

2.4 J

1.2 J

1.8 J

Electric Potential

29.

A 60-C charge is held fixed at the origin and a 20-C charge is held fixed on

the x axis at a point x = 1.0 m. If a 10-C charge is released from rest at a point

x = 40 cm, what is its kinetic energy the instant it passes the point x = 70 cm?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

30.

2.1 m/s

1.5 m/s

1.8 m/s

2.4 m/s

3.2 m/s

Two identical particles, each with a mass of 4.5 mg and a charge of 30 nC, are

moving directly toward each other with equal speeds of 4.0 m/s at an instant

when the distance separating the two is equal to 25 cm. How far apart will they

be when closest to one another?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

33.

7.3 m/s

9.8 m/s

9.2 m/s

6.5 m/s

4.6 m/s

Two particles, each having a mass of 3.0 mg and having equal but opposite

charges of magnitude 5.0 nC, are released simultaneously from rest when the

two are 5.0 cm apart. What is the speed of either particle at the instant when the

two are separated by 2.0 cm?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

32.

9.8 J

7.8 J

8.8 J

6.9 J

2.8 J

Two identical particles, each with a mass of 2.0 mg and a charge of 25 nC, are

released simultaneously from rest when the two are 4.0 cm apart. What is the

speed of either particle at the instant when the two are separated by 10 cm?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

31.

55

9.8 cm

12 cm

7.8 cm

15 cm

20 cm

Two particles, each having a mass of 3.0 mg and having equal but opposite

charges of magnitude of 6.0 nC, are released simultaneously from rest when they

are a very large distance apart. What distance separates the two at the instant

when each has a speed of 5.0 m/s?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

4.3 mm

8.6 mm

7.3 mm

5.6 mm

2.2 mm

56

34.

CHAPTER 25

particle which is held at rest. After the positively charged particle has moved

1.0 m toward the fixed particle, it has a kinetic energy of 50 mJ. What is the

charge on the fixed particle?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

35.

Four identical point charges (+4.0 C) are placed at the corners of a square which

has 20-cm sides. How much work is required to assemble this charge

arrangement starting with each of the charges a very large distance from any of

the other charges?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

36.

84 mJ

54 mJ

96 mJ

63 mJ

48 mJ

accelerated if it is to reach a speed of 3.0 107 m/s?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

38.

+2.9 J

+3.9 J

+2.2 J

+4.3 J

+1.9 J

Identical 8.0-C point charges are positioned on the x axis at x = 1.0 m and

released from rest simultaneously. What is the kinetic energy of either of the

charges after it has moved 2.0 m?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

37.

2.2 C

+6.7 C

2.7 C

+8.0 C

1.1 C

5.8 kV

2.6 kV

7.1 kV

8.6 kV

5.1 kV

Identical point charges (+50 C) are placed at the corners of a square with sides

of 2.0-m length. How much external energy is required to bring a fifth identical

charge from infinity to the geometric center of the square?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

41 J

16 J

64 J

10 J

80 J

Electric Potential

39.

with a radius of 20 cm. How much external energy is required to bring a charge

of 25C from infinity to the center of the circle?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

40.

22 J

16 J

13 J

19 J

8.0 J

A charge per unit length given by (x) = bx, where b = 12 nC/m2, is distributed

along the x axis from x = +9.0 cm to x = +16 cm. If the electric potential at infinity

is taken to be zero, what is the electric potential at the point P on the y axis at

y = 12 cm?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

43.

26 J

16 J

23 J

21 J

12 J

(4.0 m 6.0 m). How much external energy is required to bring a charge of 55 C

from infinity to the midpoint of one of the 6.0-m long sides of the rectangle?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

42.

5.4 J

3.4 J

4.3 J

2.7 J

6.8 J

triangle with sides of 2.0-m length. How much external energy is required to

bring a charge of 45 C from infinity to the midpoint of one side of the triangle?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

41.

57

5.4 V

7.2 V

9.0 V

9.9 V

16 V

Q = 45 nC, a = 3.0 m, and b = 2.0 m, what is the electric potential (relative to zero

at infinity) at the point, x = 8.0 m, on the x axis?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

71 V

60 V

49 V

82 V

150 V

58

44.

CHAPTER 25

Charge of uniform density (3.5 nC/m) is distributed along the circular arc

shown. Determine the electric potential (relative to zero at infinity) at point P.

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

45.

61 V

42 V

52 V

33 V

22 V

7.1 V

5.8 V

9.0 V

13 V

16 V

x = +2.0 m. What is the electric potential (relative to zero at infinity) at the point

x = 5.0 m on the x axis?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

47.

60

60

A charge of uniform density (0.80 nC/m) is distributed along the x axis from the

origin to the point x = 10 cm. What is the electric potential (relative to zero at

infinity) at a point, x = 18 cm, on the x axis?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

46.

57 V

48 V

38 V

67 V

100 V

Charge of uniform density 12 nC/m is distributed along the x axis from x = 2.0 m

to x = 5.0 m. What is the electric potential (relative to zero at infinity) at the origin

(x = 0)?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

91 V

99 V

82 V

74 V

140 V

Electric Potential

48.

along the x axis from x = 2.0 m to x = 3.0 m. Determine the electric potential

(relative to zero at infinity) of the point y = 4.0 m on the y axis.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

49.

19 V

17 V

21 V

23 V

14 V

x = +3 m. Which of the following integrals is correct for the electric potential

(relative to zero at infinity) at the point x = +5 m on the x axis?

b.

c.

d.

a.

e.

51.

36 V

95 V

10 V

17 V

15 V

is distributed along the x axis from x = 0 to x = +L. If b = 40 nC/m2 and

L = 0.20 m, what is the electric potential (relative to a potential of zero at infinity)

at the point y = 2L on the y axis?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

50.

59

90 dx

x

90 dx

5x

18 dx

x

18 dx

5x

90 dx

5+x

Charge of uniform linear density 3.0 nC/m is distributed along the x axis from x

= 0 to x = 3 m. Which of the following integrals is correct for the electric potential

(relative to zero at infinity) at the point x = +4 m on the x axis?

b.

c.

d.

e.

a.

27dx

x

9dx

4x

27 dx

4x

27 dx

x

27 dx

4+x

60

52.

CHAPTER 25

x = +6 m. Which of the following integrals is correct for the electric potential

(relative to zero at infinity) at the origin?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

53.

18 dx

4x

36 dx

x

18 dx

x

36 dx

6x

36 dx

4+x

Which of the following integrals is correct for the electric potential (relative to

zero at infinity) at the point x = +3 m on the x axis?

c.

d.

e.

a.

b.

54.

45dy

(y + 9)1/ 2

180 dy

( y 2 + 9)1/ 2

45dy

y2 + 9

180 dy

y2 + 9

45dy

2

( y + 9) 3 / 2

2

Charge of uniform linear density 6.0 nC/m is distributed along the x axis from

x = 0 to x = +3 m. Which of the following integrals is correct for the electric

potential (relative to zero at infinity) at the point y = +4 m on the y axis?

54 dx

0 ( x + 16)1/ 2

3

18 dx

2

0 ( x + 16)1/ 2

3 54dx

0 x 2 + 16

3 18 dx

0 x 2 + 16

3

108 dx

0 ( x 2 + 16)1/ 2

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

Electric Potential

55.

A rod (length = 2.0 m) is uniformly charged and has a total charge of 5.0 nC.

What is the electric potential (relative to zero at infinity) at a point which lies

along the axis of the rod and is 3.0 m from the center of the rod?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

56.

57.

22 V

19 V

16 V

25 V

12 V

y = 5 m. Which of the following integrals is correct for the electric potential

(relative to zero at infinity) at the point x = +2 m on the x axis?

81dy

3 (y + 4 )1/ 2

5

162dy

3 ( y 2 + 4)1/ 2

5 81dy

3 y2 + 4

5 162 dy

3 y2 + 4

5 81dy

3

y

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

Two large parallel conducting plates are 8.0 cm apart and carry equal but

opposite charges on their facing surfaces. The magnitude of the surface charge

density on either of the facing surfaces is 2.0 nC/m2. Determine the magnitude of

the electric potential difference between the plates.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

58.

61

36 V

27 V

18 V

45 V

16 V

A solid conducting sphere (radius = 5.0 cm) has a charge of 0.25 nC distributed

uniformly on its surface. If point A is located at the center of the sphere and point

B is 15 cm from the center, what is the magnitude of the electric potential

difference between these two points?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

23 V

30 V

15 V

45 V

60 V

62

59.

CHAPTER 25

long nonconducting cylindrical rod (radius = 5.0 cm). Determine the magnitude

of the potential difference of point A (2.0 cm from the axis of the rod) and point B

(4.0 cm from the axis).

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

60.

long nonconducting cylindrical rod (radius = 2.0 cm). Determine the magnitude

of the potential difference of point A (2.0 cm from the axis of the rod) and point B

(4.0 cm from the axis).

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

61.

12 V

6.8 V

3.0 V

4.7 V

2.2 V

4.0-cm radius. Point A is 1.0 cm from the center of the conductor and point B is

5.0 cm from the center of the conductor. Determine the electric potential

difference VA VB.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

63.

1.9 V

1.4 V

2.2 V

2.8 V

4.0 V

100 nC/m3. What is the magnitude of the potential difference between the center

and a point 4.0 cm away?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

62.

2.7 V

2.0 V

2.4 V

1.7 V

3.4 V

+1.8 V

+29 V

+27 V

+7.2 V

+9.0 V

Two flat conductors are placed with their inner faces separated by 6.0 mm. If the

surface charge density on one of the inner faces is 40 pC/m2, what is the

magnitude of the electric potential differences between the two conductors?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

36 mV

18 mV

32 mV

27 mV

14 mV

Electric Potential

64.

where x is in m. Points A and B are on the x axis at xA = 3.0 m and xB = 5.0 m.

Determine the potential difference VB VA.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

65.

d.

e.

d.

e.

the electrical potential energy of the charge does not change.

the electrical potential energy of the charge undergoes the maximum change

in magnitude.

the voltage changes, but there is no change in electrical potential energy.

the electrical potential energy undergoes the maximum change, but there is

no change in voltage.

When a positive charge is released and moves along an electric field line, it

moves to a position of

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

68.

the electric charge is constant in magnitude and direction.

maximum work against electrical forces is required to move a charge at

constant speed.

a charge may be moved at constant speed without work against electrical

forces.

charges move by themselves.

a.

b.

c.

67.

24 V

+24 V

18 V

+30 V

6.0 V

a.

b.

c.

66.

63

lower potential and higher potential energy.

higher potential and lower potential energy.

higher potential and higher potential energy.

greater magnitude of the electric field.

When a negative charge is released and moves along an electric field line, it

moves to a position of

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

lower potential and higher potential energy.

higher potential and lower potential energy.

higher potential and higher potential energy.

decreasing magnitude of the electric field.

64

69.

CHAPTER 25

connected to a distant sphere of radius r2 (not equal to r1) by a conducting wire.

After the charges on the spheres are in equilibrium,

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

70.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

71.

is always zero.

is constant and equal to its value at the surface.

decreases from its value at the surface to a value of zero at the center.

increases from its value at the surface to a value at the center that is a

multiple of the potential at the surface.

is equal to the charge passing through the surface per unit time divided by

the resistance.

in a finite region of space?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

72.

the electric fields at the surfaces of the two spheres are equal.

the amount of charge on each sphere is q/2.

both spheres are at the same potential.

q

V

the potentials are in the ratio 2 = 2 .

V1 q1

V

r

the potentials are in the ratio 2 = 2 .

V1 r1

Electric potential is always zero at the origin.

Electric potential is always zero at a boundary surface to a charge

distribution.

Electric potential is always infinite at a boundary surface to a charge

distribution.

The location where electric potential is zero may be chosen arbitrarily.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

Electric Potential

73.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

74.

nq .

(ln n)q .

+q.

+(ln n)q .

+ nq .

charge distributed on the outside of the third shell is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

76.

No, because they are isolated lines.

Yes, because any lines within a charge distribution are equipotential lines.

Yes, they might be boundary lines of the two surfaces of a conductor.

It is not possible to say without further information.

charge distributed on the outside of the nth shell is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

75.

65

3q .

(ln 3)q .

+q.

+(ln 3)q .

+3q .

central charge q. The potential at a point outside the nth shell, at distance r from

the center, and relative to V = 0 at , is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

nk e q

.

r

(ln n)k e q

.

r

kq

+ e .

r

(ln n)k e q

+

.

r

nk q

+ e .

r

66

77.

CHAPTER 25

central charge q. The potential at a point outside the third shell, at distance r from

the center, and relative to V = 0 at , is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

78.

79.

80.

3k e q

.

r

(ln 3)k e q

.

r

kq

+ e .

r

(ln 3)k e q

+

.

r

3k q

+ e .

r

The electric field in the region defined by the y-z plane and the negative x axis is

given by E = ax , where a is a constant. (There is no field for positive values of

x.) As x increases in magnitude, relative to V = 0 at the origin, the electric

potential in the region defined above is

a.

b.

c.

d.

constant.

an increasing function proportional to + x .

e.

The electric field in the region defined by the y-z plane and the positive x axis is

given by E = ax , where a is a constant. (There is no field for negative values of x.)

As x increases in magnitude, relative to V = 0 at the origin, the electric potential

in the region defined above is

a.

b.

c.

d.

constant.

an increasing function proportional to + x .

e.

Two charges lie on the x axis, +3q at the origin, and 2q at x = 5.0 m . The point

on the x axis where the electric potential has a zero value (when the value at

infinity is also zero) is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

1.0 m.

2.0 m.

2.5 m.

3.0 m.

4.0 m.

Electric Potential

81.

Two charges lie on the x axis, +2q at the origin, and 3q at x = 5.0 m . The point

on the x axis where the electric potential has a zero value (when the value at

infinity is also zero) is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

82.

along an electric field line, in the negative direction of the line.

from a point at a positive potential to a point at a negative potential.

from a point at a negative potential to a point at a positive potential.

as described in both (a) and (c).

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

85.

along an electric field line, in the negative direction of the line.

from a point at a positive potential to a point at a negative potential.

from a point at a negative potential to a point at a positive potential.

as described in both (b) and (d).

When introduced into a region where an electric field is present, an proton with

initial velocity v will always move

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

84.

1.0 m.

2.0 m.

2.5 m.

3.0 m.

4.0 m.

When introduced into a region where an electric field is present, an electron with

initial velocity v will always move

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

83.

67

loses potential difference and kinetic energy when the charged particle

moves in the direction of the field.

loses electric potential energy when the charged particle moves in the

direction of the field.

loses kinetic energy when the charged particle moves in the direction of the

field.

gains electric potential energy when the charged particle moves in the

direction of the field.

gains potential difference and electric potential energy when the charged

particle moves in the direction of the field.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

gains potential difference and kinetic energy when the charged particle

moves in the direction of the field.

loses electric potential energy when the charged particle moves in the

direction of the field.

gains kinetic energy when the charged particle moves in the direction of the

field.

gains electric potential energy when the charged particle moves in the

direction of the field.

gains potential difference and electric potential energy when the charged

particle moves in the direction of the field.

68

86.

CHAPTER 25

The Bohr model pictures a hydrogen atom in its ground state as a proton and an

electron separated by the distance a0 = 0.529 10 10 m . The electric potential

created by the proton at the position of the electron is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

87.

The Bohr model pictures a hydrogen atom in its ground state as a proton and an

electron separated by the distance a0 = 0.529 10 10 m . The electric potential

created by the electron at the position of the proton is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

88.

13.6 V .

+13.6 V .

27.2 V .

+27.2 V .

+5.12 10 9 V .

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

89.

13.6 V .

+13.6 V .

27.2 V .

+27.2 V .

+5.12 10 9 V .

is always zero.

is always independent of the magnitude of the charge on the surface.

may be set equal to zero by adding an appropriate constant to the potential

at all points of space.

is always such that the potential is zero at all points inside the conductor.

is always such that the potential is always zero within a hollow space inside

the conductor.

field is present. Joanna claims that its kinetic and potential energies both increase

as it moves from its initial position to its final position. Sonya claims that they

both decrease. Which one, if either, is correct?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

Joanna, because the electron moves opposite to the direction of the field.

Sonya, because the electron moves opposite to the direction of the field.

Joanna, because the electron moves in the direction of the field.

Sonya, because the electron moves in the direction of the field.

Neither, because the kinetic energy increases while the electron moves to a

point at a higher potential.

Electric Potential

90.

Four electrons move from point A to point B in a uniform electric field as shown

below. Rank the electrons in diagrams I through IV by the changes in potential

energy from greatest to least when traveling from A to B.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

91.

69

A

II

III

B

IV

I=II=III=IV .

II=III>I>IV .

III>I=IV>II .

II>I=IV>III .

I>II=III>IV .

Four electrons move from point A to point B in a uniform electric field as shown

below. Rank the electrons in diagrams I through IV by the changes in potential

from greatest to least when traveling from A to B.

A

I

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

I=II=III=IV .

II=III>I>IV .

III>I=IV>II .

II>I=IV>III .

I>II=III>IV .

A

II

III

B

IV

70

92.

CHAPTER 25

C

m2

between points A and B, a 4.50 m distance apart, is

A

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

93.

7.06 .

9.98 .

14.11 .

+7.06 .

+9.98 .

C

m2

between points A and B a 4.50 m distance apart is

A

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

7.06 .

9.98 .

14.11 .

+7.06 .

+9.98 .

Electric Potential

71

Open-Ended Problems

94.

How much electrical charge is needed to raise an isolated metal sphere of radius

1.0 m to a potential of 1.0 106 V?

95.

In the Bohr model of the hydrogen atom, the electron circles the proton at a

distance of 0.51 1010 m. Find the potential at the position of the electron.

96.

The gap between electrodes in a spark plug is 0.06 cm. In order to produce an

electric spark in a gasoline-air mixture, the electric field must reach a value of

3 106 V/m. What minimum voltage must be supplied by the ignition circuit

when starting the car?

97.

To recharge a 12-V battery, a battery charger must move 3.6 105 C of charge

from the negative to the positive terminal. What amount of work is done by the

battery charger? How many kilowatt hours is this?

72

CHAPTER 25

Electric Potential

Chapter 25

Electric Potential

1.

32.

2.

33.

3.

34.

4.

35.

5.

36.

6.

37.

7.

38.

8.

39.

9.

40.

10.

41.

11.

42.

12.

43.

13.

44.

14.

45.

15.

46.

16.

47.

17.

48.

18.

49.

19.

50.

20.

51.

21.

52.

22.

53.

23.

54.

24.

55.

25.

56.

26.

57.

27.

58.

28.

59.

29.

60.

30.

61.

31.

62.

73

74

CHAPTER 25

63.

81.

64.

82.

65.

83.

66.

84.

67.

85.

68.

86.

69.

87.

70.

88.

71

89.

72.

90.

73.

91.

74.

92.

75.

93.

76.

94.

1.1 104 C

77.

95.

28.2 Volts

78.

96.

1800 V

79.

97.

80.

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