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Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai

CE 5340 FEM and Constitutive Modelling in Geomechanics

(Jan. - May 2016)

[L T P C: 3 1 0 4 and L ET P C: 9 3 0 12]
Instructor: Prof. G. R. Dodagoudar (BSB 112, goudar@iitm.ac.in)

Course Content
Sr. No.

Topic

Introduction: Matrix algebra, Fundamentals of continuum mechanics, Stresses,


displacements and strains in soils, solids and structures, Constitutive relations.
Mathematical modelling: Underlying basic and conservation laws, and models.
Differential equations in solid and soil mechanics, Analytical and Numerical
Solutions: Closed form solutions, Why study numerical analysis? Numerical
methods - FDM, FEM and DEM. Introduction to FEM.
One- and Two-dimensional problems: Plane stress and strain, Interpolation
functions, Shape functions (Lagrangian/Natural), Isoparametric elements
1D and 2D, Numerical integration. Infinite elements, Joint elements, Assembly
and Solution techniques, Convergence requirements, Patch test, Examples.
Axisymmetric problems: Formulation and Examples.
Three-dimensional problems, Constitutive (Material) modelling: Elastic,
Elastic-plastic and Advanced constitutive models.
Finite Elements in Geomechanics Applications: In situ earth pressure,
Construction and excavation sequences, Slope stability analysis (c- reduction).
Finite Elements in Geomechanics Applications: Seepage, Consolidation,
Settlement analysis, Groundwater flow, Ground response analysis.
Case Studies in Geomechanics Benchmarking, Finite element applications.
Introduction to nonlinear finite element analysis Solution techniques.
Preprocessing and Post processing, Tutorials/Assignments.
Total

4
5
6
7
8
9
10

No. of
Lectures

4
4

8
6

3
6
6
5
4
4
8
58

References
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4.
5.
6.

Boresi, A. P. and Schmidt, R. J. (2002). Advanced Mechanics of Materials, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Cook, R. D. and Young, W. C. (1998). Advanced Mechanics of Materials, Prentice-Hall, New Jersey.
Lai, M., Krempl, E. and Ruben, D. (2010). Introduction to Continuum Mechanics, Elsevier, Oxford, UK.
Mase, G. T. and Mase, G. E. (1999). Continuum Mechanics for Engineers, CRC Press, Boca Raton.
Chapra, S. C. and Canale, R. P. (2006). Numerical Methods for Engineers, McGraw Hill, New Delhi.
Zienkiewicz, O. C., Taylor, R. L. and Zhu, J. Z. (2014). The Finite Element Method Its Basis and Fundamentals,
Elsevier, Amsterdam.
7. Hutton, D. V. (2004). Fundamentals of Finite Element Analysis, McGraw-Hill, New Delhi.
8. Reddy, J. N. (2005). An Introduction to the Finite Element Method, McGraw-Hill, New Delhi.
9. Hughes, T. J. R. (2000). The Finite Element Method: Linear Static and Dynamic Finite Element Analysis, Dover
Publications, New York.
10. Cook, R. D., Malkus, D. S., Plesha, M. E. and Witt, R. J. (2002). Concepts and Applications of Finite Element
Analysis, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
11. Chandrupatla, T. R. and Belegundu, A. D. (2011). Introduction to Finite Elements in Engineering, Pearson
Education, New Jersey.
12. Bathe, K. J. (2014). Finite Element Procedures, Klaus-Jurgen Bathe, Watertown, MA, USA.
13. Smith, I. M., Griffiths, D. V. and Margetts, L. (2013). Programming the Finite Element Method, John Wiley and
Sons, New York.
14. Potts, D. M. and Zdravkovic, L. (1999). Finite Element Analysis in Geotechnical Engineering: Theory, Thomas
Telford, London.
15. Logan, D. L. (2007). A First Course in the Finite Element Method, Cengage-Learning, New Delhi.
16. Bhatti, A. M. (2005). Fundamental Finite Element Analysis and Applications, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
17. Rao, S. S. (2011). The Finite Element Method in Engineering, Elsevier India, New Delhi.
18. Zienkiewicz, O. C., Taylor, R. L. and Fox, D. D. (2015). The Finite Element Method for Solid & Structural
Mechanics, Elsevier, Amsterdam.
19. Naylor, D. J. and Pande, G. N. (1981). Finite Elements in Geotechnical Engineering, Pineridge Press, Swansea,
UK.

20. Gockenbach, M. S. (2006). Understanding and Implementing the Finite Element Method, SIAM, Philadelphia.
21. Puzrin, A. M. (2012). Constitutive Modelling in Geomechanics: Introduction, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
22. Nakai, T. (2013). Constitutive Modeling of Geomaterials: Principles and Applications, CRC Press, Boca Raton.
23. Ottosen, N. S. and Ristinmaa, M. (2005). The Mechanics of Constitutive Modelling, Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Course Evaluation
Quiz - I: 15 marks (Closed), Quiz - II: 15 marks, Quiz - III: 20 Marks (Little programming), and End
Semester (29th April 2016): 50 marks.
List of Tutorials and/or Practice Problems

1. Tutorial # 1: Matrix Algebra and Solution Techniques (GRD and Jitesh Chavda)
2. Tutorial # 2: Introduction to Continuum Mechanics: Stresses, Strains and Constitutive Relations
(GRD and Vivek Roy/Jitesh Chavda)
3. Tutorial # 3: One- and Two-Dimensional Problems: Isoparametric Elements and Numerical
Integration (GRD, Vivek Roy and Jitesh Chavda)

4. Tutorial # 4: Three-Dimensional Problems and Constitutive Modelling (GRD and Jitesh Chavda)
5. Tutorial # 5: Finite Elements in Geomechanics: In situ earth pressure, Construction and excavation
sequences and Slope stability analysis (GRD, Sundaravel, Vivek Roy and Jitesh
Chavda)
6. Tutorial # 6: Finite Elements in Geomechanics: Seepage and Consolidation Analysis, and
Groundwater Flow (GRD, Vivek Roy and Jitesh Chavda)
7. Tutorial # 7: A Few Case Studies in Geomechanics (GRD and Jitesh Chavda)
8. Tutorial # 8: Programming with Fortran and Matlab, and Usage of softwares such as FEAP,
SIGMA/W, PLAXIS, ANSYS, ABAQUS and QUAKE/W, etc. (GRD, Vivek Roy
and Jitesh Chavda)
References
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11.
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Ugural, A. C. and Fenster, S. K. (2012). Advanced Mechanics of Materials and Applied Elasticity, PrenticeHall, New Jersey.
Hicks, M. A., Brinkgreve, R. B. J. and Rohe, A. [Eds.] (2014). Numerical Methods in Geotechnical
Engineering, CRC Press, Boca Raton.
Zaman, M., Gioda, G. and Booker, J. (2001). Modelling in Geomechanics, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Potts, D. M. and Zdravkovic, L. (2001).Finite Element Analysis in Geotechnical Engineering: Application,
Thomas Telford, London.
Desai, C. S. and Abel, J. F. (1972). Introduction to the Finite Element Method, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.,
New York.
Klausner, Y. (1991). Fundamentals of Continuum Mechanics of Soils, Springer-Verlag, London.
Kolymbas, D. (Ed.). (2000). Constitutive Modelling of Granular Materials, Springer, Berlin.
Desai, C. S. and Gioda, G. (Eds.) (1990). Numerical Methods and Constitutive Modelling in Geomechanics,
Springer, Wien (Vienna).
Chrsistian, J. T. and Desai, C. S. [Eds.] (1977). Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering, McGrawHill, New York.
Owen, D. R. J. and Hinton, E. (1980). Finite Elements in Plasticity: Theory and Practice, Pineridge Press,
Swansea, UK.
Bear, J. and Cheng, A. H.-D. (2010). Modeling Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport, Springer,
Dordrecht.
Diersch, H.-J. (2014). FEFLOW Finite Element Modeling of Flow, Mass and Heat Transport in Porous and
Fractured Media, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Case Studies - Selected Journal Papers/Articles.