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E.Il.

Kapnoea

Mrpa MopcKOM 6oM Ha epeMeHa rnarona noMo>KeT eaM nerKo M6e3


HanpR>KeHMR OCBOMTb aHrnMMCKYIO rpaMMaTM"leCKYIO CMCTeMy,
AOBeCTM AO aBTOMaTM3Ma ynoTpe6neHMe epeMeHHblX <t>opM
v

GRAMMAR GAMES

Naval Battle

MopcKoH 6oH

IlPABUJIA: B

MopcKoii 6oii 06h1qHo HrpaIOT B,n;BoeM. Bh1pe)l(b-

Te Ta6JIHI.{)' c HrpOH. HapHcyiiTe CBOH KOpa6JIH TaK, qTo6bI HX


He BH.n;eJI conepHHK (3 Tpexnany6HI>IX, 4 .n;ayxnany6HhIX H 5 o.n;ttonany6tth1x). Brn1m11Te B KJieToqKH npaBH.JlbHI>Ie rpaMMaTWiecKH:e
<PopMhl, COOTBeTCTBYIOI.I.(He o6CTORTeJihCTBY BpeMeHH B ,ll;aHHOH
crpoKe, H ChirpaiiTe B MOpCKOH 6oi1, Ha.3hIBaR npaBHJihHylO <PopM)' rnarona. EcnH BhI yra.n;am1, BhI rrpo,n;oJI)l(aeTe HrpaTh, ecnu
Bhl rrpOMa.3aJIH HJIH Ha.3BaJIH HerrpaBHJThHylO <PopM)', xo.n; nepeXO,ll;HT .n;pyroMy HI'POKY. .IJ:enaiiTe CBOH KOMMeHTapHH K Hrpe Ha
attrJIHHCKOM R3bIKe !

CJIOBA: Hit- norra.n, destroyed- )'HH'ITO)l(HJI, missednpOMa.JaJI,

wrong form -

HeBepHaR <PopMa

1. The Present Simple Tense


I study

.....................;.................... ~ ......... .............. ~ ....................j..... ...... -. .....:.... ...

~ !..~~-~~-~~-j-~~--: ..............

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .n

............

-~--- . .

r ..
.

............ : .................... :........................................ ...... .

.....................,...................T........................r

...........................................................

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l. . . . . . . . ... . . :- -. . . . . . . . r. . . . . . . . .r. . . . . . . . . :. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,


;

.... h

...............

~-- -~- -~ . . . . . . .

i ....... .

;:

~
:

. .:....................!..........................~ ...................j...... ............

i ......... .

.....................i....................;......... ..................................... ....................i. . . . . . . . . . i.........................................;


~

.....................:....................L.........................L...................:..............................................

......

I study
H~ -~~-~di~- ~

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :. . . . . . . . . . :- - . .
~

..................... =.. =
= ...............:..

............:. . . . . . . . . . i... . . . . . . . . . . . i. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . .. . .............


~

~...

.....................:.................... .......................... .................... .................... .................... :................ .


~

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.. ....................:... -...................... .... ......... ............. .. .....


~

r-..-r..Tr r-r

....................,....................,..........................i....................,..................+.................. +
;

......" ..... " ...... f.................... ~ ................. " ....... ;.. " ........ " ...... ~ :...................:....................:.................... ~ ..... " " .. " ...... .

................... :..................

- 2

...................

........................... .

2. The Present Simple and the Present


Continuous Tense
.
.
We often
........... .. .

bring

......................., ................,............................................. ,...

We are

We are :

'

'

bringing now wqsb}Q9. Q9W.i ........... i.. ........... :............... ;............


..

.. i.. .. ....... .

..
.........................................................................................
.
.
..
...

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..

. ... ... ... . ..


..............

............................

.
.
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...
...

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... .. ... :...................: ....... ~


..................................................................................
..
...
..
.
.
........... ........ ..............
. ... . .... ..... " . ... .... .. ... .
.
~

. ... ... .... ......... .................. .............

. . . .. ...

..
.
.
.
.......................................................................................................................................

We often
bring

. ... ......

We are . We are
bringing now . rqsbi~g. nP~j

. ......................... ................................... ,

.............. i ...........'................... ...

................ ..

..

...............:.....................I....................." ..;..................:.......................................................................

. .. ... ......... r. . . ..... . .. . . .... .. . . . ........................................................ .................


-~

.................. .......... ...........

~.......

.
~

.r... ! .
1

................'j'.. ... ......... .... .... ............... .. .... ... ..................:..................

+::.:: r ...

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1 .... .:::::: ..

.r.:.:.;

+ . . ::.:::i..:.::::r.: . .t::::.. :

:
- 3

3. The Present Simple, the Present Continuous


and the Present Perfect Continuous Tense
ring_,,. ~ ~. travel l wash l _writ~ '"'li. study.iin j read ". 1 bak~
: They of ten :

. . . . . . . ..r~;~n;re. !I.. ..........

+. ! l
.............. : Q~~~1~a~~W.; ....................j.................... j.......... ..........'....................j................. -!-- ......... l
=....

: .........

l
l
l
.................i......since 5.....: .............. r ...............-. ............................. y .......... j ..........:.. I
; .............................1.....................,..................... ! ... '"" ...............r. . 1..1
~

been bringing :

l'l!'l!'P.'i'!'l!lf!P.'n= .......

...

r . . . . . . . ... ... . : . [.

.I.

i ...... !..(
. i . , . . ~ I.. .. !..

............................... + ................

fiiiil111 .... .........:..............................

=................... : . . . . . . . . . . . .

..

..

..

....

. .........

L.................L...............

The Present Simple, the Present Continuous


and the Present Perfect Continuous Tense
They often :
bring, ..
...............,............... .,. ... .. ... .. .. ... . ...................
. They are :
l
;
l
j
=

' bringing now :

' been bringing:

They.hcive -r ~
...............
$.ir:K&5..........
.

~..

...... . .....
'

':..

~
=
i 1 .....

.... .... ... .. .. . .. .. . :...

...... '

.. .. ... ... ... .... ...


;

....... ... .. '' -~ .... .. .. .. ...............~. ................. ~.. .... .......... .E.. ................ E... .... ... ......................-; .... ... ..... .. -~
:

......... t- ......... ! ...... T ......... ....... ,., ............


:

...... ...... ... ~ .............................. ~ ...... ... .. . ........ ~ .. ... ... .... .... . .:.. . .... .......... .. :... ..... ... ..... .... .......... ... : .... .... ...

.; .

L,. :. . . T

..............:.....................:..............

- 4 -

..

.... :.... !

4. The Past
Simple
Tense
(Regular
Verbs)
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.... .. . .. ......... .... ... ... ... ... ..... .... .... .... .... ... ... ... ... . ... ...... : .. ... .. .. ...
.
.
~

-~

.................................................... .. .... :

............ :

He washed

. 1.~~t yea~. :
He washed

......... ... .... ~... ... .. ..... .... ...~.

. ..... ........:. ...

. ..

. .......... .

last month :

.. .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. : .. . ... . ... . ... " .. . .. ~ .. .. . . .. .. . .. ... .. . ... . .. . .. .. . .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . . .. . ... . . . . . . . [.. .... .. .. .. . ... 1 . . . .. .. ... . . .. . .. .. . ... . ......

:
i .............................. ......................: ..... .......... ........................................... ...............
:

The Past Simple Tense (Regular Verbs)


,..,,.,..,..
l ::- P.l~y l -,~~tidy.. 1 wash ..' l watch. j. paint. 1 cook l ::islfa
' "'-"'~l~~~,.; : ~~: %~r

~'"

'

, ,, . ,

\,

1'

~~ : ~:..;"'."=.~ldJi:~

'

...............: ................ ........................ ............................ .


.. .... ... . ........ .

-~.....

:i:=;tllcc:mi,:i:ri:i:r;;p:;,m'~ . . .

..

.. .. .. ... ... ... 1...................

L. ...

..... .... ... .. .. .. ..... ..

....

)1,

.................................. .
.:
..:

.... ... .. ........

l .................... ~. .... ... ... ... ... ... ..

+ l ...............1..............
~

............ ,; ........................... ,.................. :.....................:..........

- 5 -

.. = . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

____

5. .The Past Simple Tense


(Irregular
Verbs)
.
.
'""""......

.......................:......................;............. : ......

~....

..............,

............... ...................... .. ..... . .....


~

~.

....................... ,......................,......................!......................i......... . . . ......r. . . . . . . . . . .,.....................:. . . . . . . . . . .:


: ............. : ..

..... ............. ............

..........

...

............ ) ...................... ...................... .....................

...............:.................... ..:
..
..

.
..
................................
:
:

............... .................. : ... ..


;

.................. :......................:......................I..... . .............. ~-......... ... ....... :....

..

...... .....................
.
.
~

....................... :...................... : ...................... : .. ........................................... .

------The Past Simple Tense (Irregular


-- Verbs)
.

......~""-...~~--~~~......,,

.......................;.. .. ... ........ .. -~........ . ..... ...l.......

...
..
..................................

.....................('"'""'"'""""1""""'""""'"'1"""'""""'"""(""'""""""':'"""""""

......................'l ".. . .. . . . .. ."l"' ...... .........i.. .. ................ 'l"' ............. ...

~.

:
:
.................................. : lj : ............ .
:

!.................. '!"'"'"""""'(' ...........

!............ """"l'"""""'"'"'"';"" ..........


""'"!'""'"""'""""l"""""'"""'"'('""""' .........,....................~ .....................
............ : .................... : ...... .. ............: .....................:...................:...

- 6

......

..

:"''"'''"'''"'"":

6. The Present .Perfect


Tense (Regular Verbs)
.
.
.
.

!-- .... """f

.. .... ... ... ... .. ... ... ........ ... ..


-~..

...............

... . .. . .... ..~ ... ..... ...... .. .. E..... ..... ... .. .. :... .... ..... ....

I have
never studied
......... ............. English, . .. ,........ .... .......
Have you '
~
ever studied
l
English?
..... ... ....

~.

.................

..

l.................. )................ :................... ;.


i

'

.........................

. ... . ..... ... . .. ..:.... ........ .. ...... ..... .;.. ...... .... . ....... .... ..... ... ...... ;. .... ... . ...
~.

.........

......

.... .................

..

... .... .... .... .:..... ..............:.............. ............

The Present
Perfect Tense. (Regular
Verbs)
.
.
.
.

--~

i ................
.

..
..
: ..............:

....,........ . .. .~..... ... ........l. ... ........... ... ... .. . ..

... ~ ................... '.... ...~- ...

l . .. . . !.. ..........................

..

.................:

.
...... ..... ..~. .... .... .... ...
.... .:... .............:

I have
never studied
English.
Have you
ever studied
English?

.............:................ ..: ........ ..


....
..
:
:
.
'

.............
........ ...
..
'

..............

.
.
........................................................
.........................: ...........................:..................... .

........ : ...................;.

................ ....;.......................................... L...............~

7 -

7. The Present Perfect Tense (Irregular


Verbs)
.
.
.

The Present
Perfect
Tense .(Irregular
Verbs)
.
.
.
.

- 8 -

.......................i ..................... ,....................1" ............ ,................... : .....................:.....................( .............................i

:: ~~~t:~t
:
You drank '

I . . I I..
::.
:
.
.
.
J
l . :
j

..............................!

...................... .. Jast..w.eek.. . ................. _................... ,.....................( ................... :.........

: :::!:

.::-:

. .:I

i :i
I :

::;: ::J
:

::::::::::1

I :. ' -.

._1

The Present Perfect Tense and the Past Simple Tense

....................:............... .......... ................... ................-...l.....................:..................... ............ .. j...............................


1

drunk yet :

vou

h~veii;t

. l"'.................l. . . . . . . . . . !'. ....................:.....................:.......,.............'................................,


.

r
:

'

. I ia~~~ti . i .
I .
.
. . . . . . . . . . .f . . . . . . . . . . . .,. . . . . . . . . l. . . . . . . . . . ,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T.........................
.o
;

.:
~

. . . . . . . . . . . .(. . . . . . . . . . . "l'""""" . . . . .~. . . . . . . . ""j'""""' .......).....................I".................. i............................. :


.

: : :r

f
- 9 -

:!

I i ::,::::::,::!

9. Simple Tenses (the Present Simple,


the Past Simple,
the Future Simple)
.
.
1:'. 't~?Y:?~;~~ writ~ 1 :read I . wash I.watch r ... buy : .- : sell .'. j bring 1 thi~k'
"' .:,. \:
1s .ofte.n

uoaaou..o.&o&&oou.n .._._..._. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . aaO,..o.&uu..aA.o.u..o.u"a&...._...._._.,.._......_. ._._....Aa.o..o..a ............0..0..._...._..~-~""-~~........ ._._._._..u._._....... uoou.o.ouoooo

~OO

~~:-~.}.:

..

.. - ._'"

~!~.:. ..........................

.......................:....: ....................i..................

i. .'..~.~ . o.~t~.~ .b~t ..: ................ ~- ........j ..........!

bought :
~
~...............................
. yesterday "....................... :....................). .....................:.....................!:.....You
.Y~.t.erd.oy....... :.................. ' .......
j

; usually .
\

~>:

ii;;every.day
~~$\' .
.
..

~:i~~:;~: o

i ] ::

. : . . :. . . . . . .

:: tomorrow '

.!. '.

.......!...................:

j .,

....................... ......................( ....................,~ ......................,............................................................. r.......,~


~

~f.Jr~~eek
...,............................
never
. last week
:
~~~~~fo~da.ys
'.-;;,)

....................... L.....................L .................... :.....................:..................................:.................... :....................:...................:

Simple Tenses (the Present Simple,


the Past
Simple,
the Future Simple)
.
.
: You often buy :
..
..
.......................:......................:.................................... ""y ....b ....h
. 't" ..................:.. ........j.. """"j

ou oug

I : y~~d~ I:: I J:: ,


I

: :

.......................!".....................( ....................:.....................-:-.............................

...

L I ~: ; L
- 10 -

t:

+........ ........ ..............I ..............

I :

10. Continuous Tenses (the Present Continuous,

the Past Continuous, the Future Continuous)

Continuous Tenses (the Present Continuous,

the Past Continuous, the Future Continuous)


You

cook

now

buy ~translate l visit ~ teach

paint:! make , . travel

l You ~re I

.. '
.....................l.....................l.....................~......................i... ~.~Y.'.~9....~.......................i.....................l...................l
............................................
j
j
;
jYou ~ere j
!
yesterday at 5

'

at the moment

! ~~'~ :

tomorrow at 5

......... ..................................
~

today.
next Mo.nday at 10

: : ; : I

tomorrow at 7
yesterdayat 7

presently

. . . . . . . . . . . l. . . . . . . . . . .

I I::;
II
:

1..................... ...................... :................... 1.......................1.....................1..................:

- 11 -

11. Perfect Tenses (The Present Perfect, The Past


Perfect,
The Future Perfect)
.
.

oOOOOOOoooo~oOOoooooOooooooooooooooooooooO oooo~oOOoooooo~oo

.. [

.i

'

r ...................................T........ r.............

oo+oooooo

ooo~ooooooo oooooooooo~ooooooooooOOUo~oo

'

oooooooooooo

.............,............ '. .............

. I

I_,_,

L .

~
He has
!
i
1
:
1
i
.
......................:...........~9.t.~~..t9~qY... ..........:..................:..................:..................:..................:..................l..................:
i He had eaten soup by j
:
j

j
!
!
.. t~e.t.im.~..I. return~d, '
;
:
~

. : I.

' _:;: -:

~I

:1:: :1

_: : : _'

Perfect Tenses (The Present Perfect, The Past Perfect,


The Future Perfect)
.
.

' "."". ". .""":."."".""". . ".". . .". .". .". .:"".". ". """:". .". "". . .:. . . ."".". . !. "". . . . ""1".". .".."". ..".."."'"":
~"

00000000000001

oooooo

oooo

ooooooo

OO~ooo

. -000000 ;-00000000- .

: . . r .;

.!

-0000~000

.I

oooooooooo~oooooooo- OOoooo~oOOoO

r.

U~

...................... ;..................H
...e....h. ...as.................. ;t..................;:.................. ;:..................;...................;~ ..................r. .............. l
~

......................:..........~9te~..t.9day........
: He had eaten soup by .

- 12 -

:::

J J .:::j

:!

. . :. . . . . ' . . . .J. . . . . . . .1... ......... i

L.. . . .

~::: l t:het1~eireturned :~

:::J

12. Questions in The Simple Tenses


! Do they drink [

. . . . . . . . . . . .,l. . . . . . . . . . . i

every day?

l . . . . .. . . . .T.................... T......................!'..................,......................,

T f)i'ci th~y d~l~kf

....................... !.. ...................i.... Y~~:.~:.?.~r.?. . . I. . . . .... ... . . ;. . ... . . . . . . .,. . . ...... . . . .:...................!...................I
1

I :

: : : : . ;: :

.i

..................... ~ .....................( .............................. :-- 1...................... ,...............( ................


r .. _ ................................ : ............. : .........

l.................... :....................:. 1

. . . .Iii............................................ . :................................:.....................:.....................:.....................:............

Questions
in The
Simple Tenses
.
.
.
.

!Do they drink i


.

: every day?

TiDid th~y d~inki l :

: .... -r :

r. . . . . y...................:.................( ..................i
. . . ... . . r. . . .... .:. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .,.. . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . ,. . . . . . . . .

yesterday?. . . ._;. ... . ... . . . . :


................. ._i . . . . . . ... . ..!'.......................

r1

.......................,......................;................................: :""''' ............. 11

i I ;
I : : I I
j

I [
~

- 13 -

13. Questionsjn Different


Tenses
.
.
.

I~~h~~~~k'.

................... l........... .Y~.!.7.

: I ; I -:i..............................;

...........1....................:....................!....................l.................... :....................
i
:
!
!
l last week? i
:
l
[ Did he drink

r15h"e.Cirin.kiri91::i1 ....( ...........................!

...................! ...J.~~~Y?.........:J...................t....................,...................L........ lj
~

:.. r r rf"" ~ j..'


.

: I : :

Questions in Different Tenses

:..:::--:: ....

-r~

:Has..he.drunk:=ii11

...................L......... .Y.~.t.?. ........... L..................:....................l....................:............ ........:....................L............................~


!

Did he drink
last week?

j r~;~;~~t"~l

l
!

I J

l
l

:
:

I I

'
.

....................L...............................L...................:....................L...................:....................L..................L .....................:

- 14 -

14. The Passive Voice. Simple Tenses


.

..

I ::: : ]_ I : : : : _: :: : ::-:j

. ~ ................................ ~ ; .. ~~I ...................~....................~

:It

i~1t:t{'~ , i
~

... :.[

i.1

. :..
:

The Passive Voice. Simple Tenses

.... ( ........... ~
:

.
.
...... '~

............................:.....................E- .....

1:11::.: ...............
'

'"''"'

' ' ' ' u , , , . , ; , , , , , , , , , , ,

' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' " ' ' ' ' ' ; ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' : , . , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

l:twill be..;t;,,,!
next week.
, It.

'

'"'~'''"''''''''''''' ''':

is ~~t~~ ~ -~

00000

t -( .
~

'

ooooho

11.....................j

..................... ~ ... ~~..M~~.~~Y~:....:.....................i.....................;.....................ill..l

-Iii

i
i
! . .. . .:
. . . . .Li .................T~ .....................TL....................:......
.............. .... ..... ... ..........

- 15 -

15. The Passive Voice. All Tenses


.

I buy I sell
~

publish

::r1 ~(: .................................:

~
l
:
;
~
~
:
.: .. ... rr=r1

............ :-- + t -r...... :-r ...........:....................................................:


: rr:r~.,.-:
.

:::::-TrNewboof<s.haveairea<lri

:
:
:
:
:
:
: been P.Ublished !
:1!ir1 :New.h<okS..are.be:i.n9:

I T : !

P.~Qli.~~~ n.g~,

:::: .... :.: .. ::=: .. :: ...: .,:::r::::::::::c:::::::::::r::::::::::J.:.:::::::.::r.:.::.::::::.. ;.::....:.::.:.::::..:..:....:.. ::::::::,

The Passive Voice. All Tenses


~

~
:

' ~ r. ':~( \ '

''~ '''j'''''' ':

0 ' ' ' o0 '

~ " \"

"~

show ~ make ~ bring l buy : sell j

~I

' o ' o "

o' ' o ' I o o; ' o"

o ' o ' o ' oo

' '

'

>

"~'

',

,''

h~,_, ,

publish ~

'

o o ' ' o o o ' ' ' o o o o o oo ' 0 ' 0 o ' o o o "

"

' o' ' o o"

........... :... '' ....... '.. : ....... ' ...... '' 1 .............. :............... 1............ 1......... ~ ................ .. . ........ :

...............r1 .. r1:1:..:
r:(1 .. !.. :..................I
~-----

.
. r
. ,New."hoo.ks.haveaiready :
: .......T. .. : :
r r
:
:
:
:
:
:
: been P.Ublished :
:!)!.. '. :New. bo.ok5 .Cire5~{n9:
:

. ~~.~. . . . . . . i

................ j.....................:................;................ :................ j............... j................,........... P.~~!i.sh~.q

'

:T("r:---..r= ....................................!
................ : ..................... :... ............. ~ ................ :................ ~ ............... : ................~ ..................................................... ~

- 16 -

IlpOCMOTIJH Ta6JIH'n<)', o6pam;rui BHMMaHHe Ha nepeso.u speMeHHl>IX <t>opM, H c.uenaii TeCT.


I write every day.
Present Simple (VN+S)
JI rrnmy
I am writing now.
Present Progressive (am/is/are +V+ing)
Present Perfect Progressive (bave/has+V+ing) I have been writing for 3 days.
JI Harrncan

Past Simple (V+d/ed or the 2nd form)


Present Perfect (have/has+V+d/ed or
the 3d form)
Past Perfect (had+V+d/ed or the 3d form)
Past Progressive (was/were+V+ing)

.5J ITU:Ca.JI

Past Perfect Progressive (bad been+ V+ing)


JI Harrnmy

e: V -

I had written by 5 p.m. yesterday.

I was writing at 5 p.m. yesterday.


(when you came)
I had been writing for 3 hours by
5 p.m. (when you came)
I will write tomorrow.
I will have written tomorrow by
5p.m.

Future Simple (will+V)


Future Perfect (will have+V+d/ed or
the 3d form)

I will be writing tomorrow


at 5 p.m.

JI 6}')zy IIHCaTJ, Future Progressive (will be+V+ing)


11 1c'1aH

I wrote yesterday.
I have just written.

Heonpe.ueneHHruI <PopMa rnarorra 6e3 qacnn.lbI 'to'.

TEST
C,n:enaM: TecT H on.eHH CBOH 3HaHIDI rpaMManurn!

1. IIocTaBb rnaron s CK06Kax B Hy>KHOM speMeHH.


1. I (to travel) to the US every year.
2. I (to travel) to the US now for a conference.
3. I (to travel) to the US next year.
4. I already (to travel) to the US.
5. I (to travel) to the US last year.
6. I already (to travel) to the US when I met her.
7. I (to travel) to the US for since 1999.
8. I (to travel) to the US for 3 months when a telegram called me home.
9. I (to travel) in the US next year in May.
10. By 2005 I (to travel) in the US 10 times.
2. Bb16epH no.nxo.u.suuyro speMeHHyIO <PoPMY
1. Please, don't make such a noise. I

---------------~tudying

\tmlying

in God.

2. I

lieting

3. Mary usually

am bet

at the Astoria, but now she

'

_ _at the Grand Hotel Europe.


4. Can I come at 6? No, don't come at 6. I

---------

-----------1c/li11g will watch will be

- 17 -

TV at this time.

5. Can I come at 8 then? That's OK, by that time I _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __


1i 1
c. eh will be Wlltching will ha1e watchetl
this
program.
-------6. Next year S i d - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - to Brazil.
will go
1il/ have gone
goes
7. I usually _ _ _ _ _ __ tea, but today I _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ coffee.
drink

8.

"

drink.\

---- - - - - lun'l'
- - yo11
- -seen
-----did you .\ee

9. He

d i 1kinf;.

his car when I called him.


have already sold

10. We

,~i

this film yet?

Juul a ready \old

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - since 5.
ltavt ooke4

ltme been cooking

11. By the time we met, s h e - - - - - - - -- -- - - - - - in Greece for a year.


t ,

"

el. '

h"d been traeliJ.g

12. Do this work tomorrow. No need. I already _ ____________ it.


ltavt done
d hat! tlone
13. How long _____________ _________ here? For 3 years.
do yo11 /fre
are you living
ltae you I e
14. I
the floor all day and now it's
- -'11 - l II
l
was painting hae been painting
freshly painted.
cars since 6 o'clock today.
15. John

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - is selling

was selling

/7 '

t:/Fm

He _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ 10 cars (already).
old It 1s old h d.\ 1/d

16. John can't get into his flat. Why? He _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____ the key. When did
ost

ha'> lo t

"" I lost

he lose it? He _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ yesterday.


lost

has lost

had lost

17. Linda

tennis before.
doe.m 't play

didn't play has11 't played

18. Doug

tennis last year.


l

'S

' ,

I _

't pit

,(

played

19. When she came home her husband (already) _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ __


leji has leji
had left
20. When they went out into the street it _ __ __ ______________
i<t raining
) is r illlllb
l1ad bet 11 rai11i11g
It _ _ __ _ __ __ __ __ __ _ _ _ for 3 days already by that time.
w e been a 11
c 1
1
wi
21 . When we were having breakfast, father looked tired, we realized he _ _ _ _ _ __
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - a l l night.
, a.\ W< rJ..11 g I is I ee l worki11g had been workb g
22. It happened when we _________________ the street.
crossed
are cros!'. llft were er \'.'iing
23. This book _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Dostoyevsky.
Jrote written

was written

- 18 -

ii p
25. A lot of new cars

li'lh was pub/i[)/ted will be puhli,

- - - - are
- -shown
------were shown

t,

at the exhibition last year.

sltmi;ed

26. This new skyscraper (just) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __


1s

built

wa.\ built

27. This block

has be1:.n fJ

1111

(already) when I came to the factory.

wa built has been built

had been hui/

28. Your room

now. Wait a minute.


1s cl a11in1:

1s cleaned

is bei 1g clcm e

29. I _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ by the teacher to leave the room.


told
wa'I told
30. When I arrived, I
by the secretary to wait in the lobby.
-told
--tun told was told
31. Visitors
around the museum by professional guides.
1
mu a
I '" /
I be "/w
32. I couldn't help them. Nothing could _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
do
be done

1 The Present Simple Tense


VERBS

play

go

study

I play

I go

he

He plays

He goes

we

We play

she

work

cook

sleep

eat

drink

I work

I cook

I sleep

I eat

I drink

H studies

He works

He cooks

He sleeps

He eats

He drinks

We go

We study

We work

We cook

We sleep

We eat

We drink

She plays

She goes

She studies

She works

She cooks

She sleeps

She eats

She drinks

they

They play

They go

They study

They work

They cook

They sleep

They eat

They drink

it

It plays

It goes

It studies

It works

It cooks

It sleeps

It eats

It drinks

you

You play

You go

You study

You work

You cook

You sleep

You eat

You drink

nobody

Nobody plays

Nobody goes Nobody studies Nobody works Nobody cooks Nobody sleeps Nobody eats

Nobody drinks

everybody Everybody
plays

Everybody
goes

Everybody
studies

Everybody
works

Everybody
cooks

Everybody
sleeps

Everybody
eats

Everybody
drinks

somebody Somebody
plays

Somebody
goes

Somebody
studies

Somebody
works

Somebody
cooks

Somebody
sleeps

Somebody
eats

Somebody
drinks

f ldy

3anol\rntt 1 ):(JUI cpopM 3-ro mu~a e,nHHCTBeHHoro <rncna K ocuose marona ,no6asmieTcH -s!

- 19 -

l11pa 2. The Present Simple And The Present Continuous Tense


buy
study
paint
take
bring
wash
watch
build
We often take We often bring We often wash We often watch We often buy We often
We often build We often
study
paint
Weare
Weare
Weare
Weare
Weare
We are taking Weare
WPare
now
buying now studying now building now painting now
now
bringing now
1~ now washing now
We usually We usually
We usually
We usually
We usually
We usually bring We usually
We usually
usually
buy
study
paint
watch
build
wash
take
We are taking We are bringing We are
Weare
Weare
We are
today
Weare
Weare
washing today watching today buying today studying today building today paintinci today
today
today
We buy every We study
We build every We paint
everyday We take every We bring every We wash
We watch
day
every day
every day
day
day
every day
every day
day
from time We take from We bring from We wash from We watch from We buy from We study from We build from We paint from
time to time time to time
time to time time to time
time to time time to time time to time time to time
to time
Weare
We are bringing Weare
Weare
Weare
Weare
Weare
We are
atthe
taking at the at the moment washing at the watching at the buying at the studying at
building at the painting at
moment
moment
moment
moment
moment
the moment moment
the moment
We rarely
We rarely build We rarely
We rarely
We rarely buy We rarely
We rarely
We rarely
rarely
study
paint
watch
build
take
wash
We study on We build on We paint on
We wash on We watch on We buy on
on Sundays We take on We build on
Sundays
Sundays
Sundays
Sundays
Sundays
Sundays
Sundays
Sundays
3ano1mrn! 1) often, usually, every' day, from time to time, rarely, on Sunday - Tpe6y10T ynoTpe6rremui: The Present Simple Tense; 2) now, at the moment, today - Tpe6YIOT ynoTpe6neHIDI The Present
Continuous (Progressive) Tense.
We
often

. The Present Simple, The Present Continuous And The Present Perfect Continuous Tense
study
build
bring
write
read
travel
wash
bake
They often
They often
They often
They often
They often
They often
They often
They often
build
bring
travel
wash
write
study
read
bake
They
are
They
are
They
are
They
are
They
are
They
are
They
are
now
Th are
building now bringing now traveling now washing now writing now studying now reading now baking now
They have
They have
They have
They have
They have
They have
They have
since 5 They have
been building been bringing been traveling been washing been writing been studying been reading been baking
since 5
since 5
since 5
since 5
since 5
since 5
since 5
since 5
today
They are
They are
They are
They are
They are
They are
They are
They are
building today brin11in11 today travelin11 today washin11 today writing today studying today readin11 today bakin!l today
They study
everyday They build
They bring
They travel
They wash
They write
They read
They bake
every day
every day
every day
every day
every day
every day
every day
every day
They have
They have
They have
They have been They have been They have
They have
They have
for3
been building bringing for 3 traveling for 3 been washing been writing been studying been reading been baking
hours
for 3 hours
for 3 hours
hours
hours
for 3hours
for 3 hours
for 3 hours
for 3 hours
They are
They are
They are
They are
They are
They are
They are
They are
atthe
reading at the baking at the
moment building at the bringing at the traveling at the washing at the writing at the studying at
moment
moment
the moment moment
moment
moment
moment
moment
They rarely
rarely
They rarely
They rarely
They rarely
They rarely
They rarely
They rarely
They rarely
study
read
build
brin!l
travel
wash
write
bake
They
have
They
have
been
They
have
been
They
have
They
have
They
have
They
have
They
have
since
Sunday been building bringing since traveling since been washing been writing been studying been reading been baking
since Sunday Sunday
since Sunday since Sunday since Sunday since Sunday since Sunday
Sunday
3a1101mm ! 1) often, usually, every day, from time to time, rarely, on Sunday - Tpe6y10T ynoTpe6rreHIDI The Present Simple Tense; 2) now, at the moment, today - rpe6YIOT ynoTpe6neHIDI The Present
Continuous (Progressive) Tense.
They
often

- 20 -

Hr a
He

The Past Simple Tense (Regular Verbs)

play
He
played
yesterday
yesterday

study
He studied
yesterday

wash
He washed
yesterday

last week He played last


week
last year He played last
year

He studied last He washed last


week
week
He studied last h w sh d
year
last year

watch
He watched
yesterday

paint
He painted
yesterday

last
month

He played last
month

He studied last He washed


I st mont,
month

He watched last He painted last


week
week
He watched last He painted last
year
year
He watched last He painted last
month
month

at5
o'clock

He played at
5o'clock

He studied at
5o'clock

He watched at He painted al
5 o'clock
5o'clock

in 2000

He washed at
5o'clock

last
Monday

skate
He skated
yesterday

brush
He brushed
yesterday

He cooked last
week
He cooked last
year
He cooked last
month

He skated last
week
He skated last
year
He skated last
month

He brushed last
week
He brushed last
year
He brushed last
month

He cooked at
5o'clock

He skated at
5o'clock

He brushed at
5o'clock

He played in

He studied in

He washed in

He watched in

He painted in

He cooked in

He skated in

He brushed in

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

He played last
May

He studied
last May

He cooked last
May
He cooked in
the 1Blh century

He skated last
May

He brushed last
May

He washed
last May
inthe 18th He played in
He studied in He washed in
the 1Blh century the 181h century the 181h century
century
last May

cook
He cooked
yesterday

He played last
Monday

He watched
last May

He painted last
May
He watched in He painted in
the 181h century the 1Blh century

He studied last He washed last He watched last He painted last He cooked last
Monday
Monday
Monday
Monday
Monday

He skated in
He brushed in
the 181hcentury the 1Blh century
He skated last
Monday

He brushed last
Monday

3 r ), m! B The Past Simple Tense K rrpaaHJibm.IM rnaronaM .u;o6aamieTCH -d/-ed.


1

>

The Past Simple Tense (Irregular Verbs)

We

get

take

go

come

eat

drink

do

make

yesterday

We got
yesterday

We took
yesterday

We went
yesterday

We came
yesterday

We ate
yesterday

We drank
yesterday

We did
yesterday

w ad
ye terd y

last week

We got last
week

We took last
week

We went last
week

We came last
week

We ate last
week

We drank last We did last


week
week

We made
last week

last year

We got last
year

We took last
year

We went last
year

We came last
year

We ate last
year

We drank last We did last


year
year

We made
last year

last month

We got last
month

We took last
month

We went last
month

We came last
month

We ate last
month

We drank last We did last


month
month

We made
last month

at 10 o'clock

We got
at 10 o'clock

We took
at 10 o'clock

We went
at 10 o'clock

We came
at 10 o'clock

We ate
at 10 o'clock

We drank
at 10 o'clock

We did
at 10 o'clock

We made
at 10 o'clock

in 1999

We got in

We took in

We went in

We came in

We ate in

We drank in

We did in 1999 We made in

1999

1999

1999

1999

1999

1999

1999

lastJune

We got last
June

We took last
June

We went last
June

We came last
June

We ate last
June

We drank last We did last


June
June

We made
last June

in the 161h
century

We got in the
161h century

We took in the We went


Whcentury in the 161h
century

We came
in the 161h
century

We ate in the We drank


16'h century
in the 16'h
century

last Sunday

We got last
Sunday

We took last
Sunday

We came last
Sunday

We ate last
Sunday

We went last
Sunday

3a1101 nm! The Past Simple Tense HenpaBHJThHhIX rnarorroa -

- 21 -

3TO

We did in the
161hcentury

We drank last We did last


Sunday
Sunday

2-.ii: <l>opMa rnarorra.

We made
in the 161h
century
We made
last Sunday

Hrpa 6. The Present Perfect Tense (Regular Verbs)


I

play

study

just

I have just
played

yet

I haven't
played yet

I have just
studied
I haven't
studied yet

already

I have already
played

before

I have played
before
I have played
today

today
never

I have never
played

ever

Have you ever


played?

recently I have played


recently
I have played
lately
lately
a o. 1

1!

wash

watch

paint

cook

skate
I have just
skated
I haven't
skated yet

brush

I have skated
today

I have brushed
today

I have never
skated

I have never
brushed

I have just
washed
I haven't
washed yet
I have already I have already
studied
washed
I have studied I have washed
before
before
I have studied I have washed
today
today
I have never I have never
stu ed
washed
English

I have just
I have just
painted
cooked
I haven't
I haven't
cooked yet
painted yet
I have already I have already I have already
watched
painted
cooked
I have watched I have painted I have cooked
before
before
before
I have watched I have painted I have cooked
today
today
today

Have you
Have you ever
ever stu ed washed?
English?

Have you ever Have you ever


watched?
painted?

Have you ever Have you ever Have you ever


skated?
brushed?
cooked?

I have studied
recently
I have studied
lately

I have washed
recently

I have watched I have painted


recently
recently

I have washed
lately

I have watched I have painted


lately
lately

I have cooked
recently
I have cooked
lately

I have just
watched
I haven't
watched yet

I have never
watched

I have never
painted

I have never
cooked

I have just
brushed
I haven't
brushed yet
I have already I have already
skated
brushed
I have skated I have brushed
before
before

I have skated
recently

I have brushed
recently

I have skated
lately

I have brushed
lately

1) B The Present Perfect Tense K rrpaBHJThHbIM rnaronaM ,l.\06aBmH~TC.ll -d/-ed.


3TO 3-H <l>opMa rnarona. 2) Just M already ynoTpe6n.llIOTCH

,ll;AA uerrpaBHJibHhIX rnaronoB -

TOJibKO B yTBep.n;HTeJibHbIX npe.n;no)l{eHIDIX, a yet -

TOJibKO B BOnpOCHTeJibHblX H OTpHl(~TeJibHbIX!

Ever ynoTpe6n.lleTC.ll TOJibKO B Bonpoce.

pa 7. The Present Perfect Tense (Irregular Verbs)


He

go
He has just
gone
He hasn't gone
yet
He has already
gone

eat
drink
He has just eaten He has just
drunk
He hasn't eaten He hasn't drunk
yet
yet
He has already
He has already
eaten
drunk

make
think
He has just made He has just
thought
He hasn't made He hasn't
yet
thought yet
He has already He has already
thought
made

buy
He has just
bought
He hasn't
bought yet
He has already
bought

sell
write
He has just sold He has just
written
He hasn't sold He hasn't
yet
written yet
He has already He hasalready
sold
written

before

He has gone
before

He has eaten
before

He has drunk
before

He has made
before

He has thought
before

He has bought
before

He has sold
before

He haswritten
before

today

He has gone
today

He has eaten
today

He has drunk
today

He has made
today

He has thought He has bought


today
today

He has sold
today

He has never
gone

He has never
He has never
eaten ice cream drunk

He has never
made

He has never
thought

He has never
bought

He has never
sold

He haswritten
today
He has never
written

never
ever

Has he ever
gone?

Has he ever
drunk?

Has he ever
made?

Hashe ever
thought?

Has he ever
bought?

Has he ever
sold?

Has heever
written?

recently

He has gone
recently
He has gone
lately

Has he ever
eaten ice
cream?
He has eaten
recently
He haseaten
lately

He has drunk
recently
Hehas drunk
lately

He has made
recently
He hasmade
lately

He has thought
recently
He hasthought
lately

He has bought
recently
He has bought
lately

He has sold
recently
He hassold
lately

He has written
recently
Hehaswritten
lately

o6aBn.lleTCH

-d'I-ed

just
yet
already

lately

B The Present Per ect Tense K n p aBHJibHbIM rnaronaM


.l.\JI.ll uenpaBH.IThHbIX rnaronoB - 3TO 3-H <t>opMa rnaron a.
JanoM rn!

- 22 -

Mrpa 8. The Present Perfect Tense And The Past Simple Tense

You washed
yesterday

understand
see
build
have just You have just You have just You have just
seen
built
understood
found
You understood
You saw
You built
You found
yesterday
yesterday
yesterday
yesterday

You haven't
washed yet

You haven't
found yet

You haven't
seen yet

You washed
last week

You found
last week

You saw last


week

wash
You have just
washed

find

eat
drink
You have just You have just
drunk
eaten
You drank
You ate
yesterday
yesterday
You haven't
You haven't
eaten yet
drunk yet
You ate last
You drank
last week
week

take
You have
just taken
You took
yesterday
You haven't
taken yet
You took
last week

today

You have
eaten today

You have
drunk today

You have
You have
You have
taken today washed today found today

You have
seen today

You have built You have


today
understood
today

in 1999

You ate in
1999

You drank in
1999

You took in
1999

You washed in You found in


1999
1999

You saw in
1999

You built in
1999

never

You have
never eaten

You have
never drunk

You have
never found

You have
never seen

You have
never built

last year

You ate last


year

You drank
last year

You have
You have
never taken never washed
You washed
You took
last year
last year

You understood
in 1999
You have never
understood

You found
last year

You saw last


year

You built last


year

You understood
last year

before

You have
eaten before

You have
drunk before

You have
seen before

You have built You have


understood
before
before

You
just
yesterday
yet
last week

You have
taken
before

Yo~

You have
You have
washed before found before

You haven't
built yet
You built last
week

You haven't
understood yet
You understood
last week

Yesterday, last week, in 1999, last year - Tpe6yroT ynoTPe6neuIDI The Past Simple
Tense. 2) Just, yet, already, today, before -TPe6yroT ynoTpe6neHIDI The Present Perfect Tense.

3an0Mu11! 1)

Mrpa 9. Simple Tenses (The Present Simple, The Past Simple, The Future Simple)
bring
sell
You often sell You often
bring

think
You often
think

You watched
yesterday

buy
You often
buy
You bought
yesterday

You sold
yesterday

You brought
yesterday

You thought
yesterday

You usually
watch

You usually
buy

You usually
sell

You usually
bring

You usually
think

You will read


tomorrow

You will wash You will watch You will buy


tomorrow
tomorrow
tomorrow

You will sell


tomorrow

You will bring You will


tomorrow
think
tomorrow

You read
every day

You wash
every day
You'll wash
next week
You never
wash

You watch
every day
You'll watch
next week

You buy every You sell every


day
day
You'll sell
You'll buy
next week
next week

You never
watch

You never buy You never sell You never


bring

You think
every day
You'll think
next week
You never
think

You washed
last week

You watched
last week

You bought
last week

You thought
last week

You
often

write
You often
write

read
wash
You often read You often
wash

watch
You often
watch

yesterday

You wrote
yesterday

You read
yesterday

You washed
yesterday

usually

You usually
write

You usually
read

You usually
wash

tomorrow

You will write


tomorrow

everyday

You write
every day
You'll write
next week

next week
never
last week
on Mondays

You'll read
next week
You never
You never
write
read
You wrote last You read last
week
week
You write on You read on
Mondays
Mondays

You sold last


week

You bring
every day
You'll bring
next week

You brought
last week

You wash on
Mondays

You watch on You buy on


You sell on
You bring on You think on
Mondays
Mondays
Mondays
Mondays
Mondays
'
3an0Mu11!
C often, usually, every day, never - ynoTPe6IDieTCH The Present Simple Tense;

c yesterday, last week - The Past Simple Tense; c tomorrow, next week- The Future Simple Tense.

- 23 -

lrpa 10 Continuous Tenses


(The Present Continuous, The Past Continuous, The Future Continuous)
You
Now (It's
5 o'clock)
yesterday
at5
atthe
moment
(It's 5
o'clock)
tomorrow
at5
today

cook

paint

make

travel

buy

You are
cooking now
You were
cooking
yesterday at 5
You are
cooking at the
moment

You are
painting now
You were
painting
yesterday at 5
You are
painting at
the moment

You are
making now
You were
making
yesterday at 5
You are
making at the
moment

You are
traveling now
You were
traveling
yesterday at 5
You are
traveling at
the moment

You'll be
cooking
tomorrow at 5
You are
cooking today

You'll be
painting
tomorrow at 5
You are
painting today

You'll be
making
tomorrow at 5
You are
making today

You'll be
traveling
tomorrow at 5
You are
traveling today

visit

teach

You are
translating now
Yo1 erL
You were
translating
bu 119
yesterday at 5 yesterday at 5
You are buying You are
at the moment translating at
the moment

You are
visiting now
You were
visiting
yesterday at 5
You are
visiting at the
moment

You are
teaching now
You were
teaching
yesterday at 5
You are
teaching at
the moment

You'll be
buying
tomorrow at 5
You are buying
today

You'll be
visiting
tomorrow at 5
You are
visiting today

buy~

translate
re

now

You'll be
translating
tomorrow at 5
You are
translating
today
You'll be
You'll be
buying next
translating next
Monday at 10 Monday at 10
You'll be
You'll be.
buying
translating
tomorrow at 7 tomorrow at 7
You were
You were
buying
translating
yesterday at 7 yesterday at 7
You are buying You are
presently
translating
presently

You'll be
You'll be
You'll be
You'll be
cooking next painting next making next traveling next
Monday at 10 Monday at 10 Monday at 10 Monday at 10
You'll be
You'll be
You'll be
You'll be
cooking
painting
making
traveling
tomorrow at 7 tomorrow at 7 tomorrow at 7 tomorrow at 7
yesterday You were
You were
You were
You were
cooking
at7
painting
making
traveling
yesterday at 7 yesterday at 7 yesterday at 7 yesterday at 7
presently You are
You are
You are
You are
cooking
painting
making
traveling
presently
presently
presently
presently
J11rrrol\ HJ! EcJIH ToqHo yi<a.3aH MOMeHT BpeMeHH, yrroTPe6mieTCR
Continuous (Progressive).
next
Monday
at 10
tomorrow
at7

Urp
You
just

o,n;Ho H3 BpeMeH rpyrrnbl

1. Perfect Tenses (The Present Perfect, The Past Perfect, The Future Perfect)

go

eat

drink

make

You have just


qone
You had gone
by5
yesterday by 5
already
You have
already gone

You have just


eaten
You had eaten
by 5
You have
already eaten

You have just


drunk
You had drunk
by5
You have
already drunk

You have just


made
You had made
by 5
You have
already made

You have
11one before
You
will have
by5
tomorrow gone by 5
You have
today
qone today
by the
You will
have gone
time I
by the time
return

You have
eaten before
You will have
eaten by 5

before

You'll be
teaching
tomorrow at 5
You are
teaching
today
You'll be
You'll be
visiting next teaching next
Monday at 10 Monday at 10
You'll be
You'll be
visiting
teaching
tomorrow at 7 tomorrow at 7
You were
You were
visiting
teaching
yesterday at 7 yesterday at 7
You are
You are
visiting
teaching
presently
presently

You have
drunk before
You will have
drunk by 5
You hav
You have
ea1 en toda1. drunk today
You will
uhad
eaten soup have drunk
bythetim
by the time

think

You have just


thou11ht
You had
thought by 5
You have
already
thouqht
You have
You have
made before thought before
You will have You will have
made by 5
thOU!lht by 5
You have
You have
made today thought today
You will
You will
have made
have thought
by the time
by the time

Ireturned

- 24 -

buy

sell

write

You have just


bou11ht
You had just
bought by 5
You have
already bought

You have just


sold
You had just
sold by 5
You have
already sold

You have just


written
You had just
written by 5
You have
already written

You have
bought before
You will have
bOU!lht by 5
You have
bouqht today
You will
have brought
by the time

You have sold


before
You will have
sold by 5
You have sold
today
You will
have sold
by the time

You have
written before
You will have
written by 5
You have
written today
You will
have written
by the time

recently

by the
time we
called

3ano

You have
You have
You have
You have
You have
gone recently eaten recently drunk recently made recently thought
recently
You
had
made
You
had
You
had
drunk
You had gone You had eaten
by the time
thought by the
by the time
by the time
by the time
time

You have sold You have


written recently
recently

You have
brought
recently
You had
brought by the
time

You had sold


by the time

You had written


by the time

1 ~ n! EcJIH ,nei1:cTBHe 3aBepmHJJOCb HJJH 3aBeplllHTCH K onpe,neneHHOM)' MOMeHry,

ynoTpe6JJjJJOTCH BpeMeHa rpynnbl

Perfect.

r a 12. Questions In The Simple Tenses


drink
Doth d1in
every day'
Did they
yesterday
drink
y_esterday?
Will they give Will they eat Will they drink
tomorrow
tomorrow?
tomorrow?
tomorrow?
Did they give Did they eat Did they drink
last week
last week?
last week?
last week?
Do they
Do they
Do they
usually
usually give? usually eat? usually drink?
Will they give Will they eat Will they drink
next week
next week?
next week?
next week?
on Mondays Do they give Do they eat on Do they drink
on Mondays? Mondays?
on Mondays?
Did they give Did they eat Did they drink
last June
last June?
last June?
last June?
next spring Will they give Will they eat Will they drink
next spring? next spring? next spring?
They

everyday

3ano

give
Do they give
every day?
Did they give
yesterday?

eat
Do they eat
every day?
Did they eat
yesterday?

make
Do they make
every day?
Did they make
yesterday?

bring
Do they bring
every day?
Did they bring
yesterday?

buy
Do they buy
every day?
Did they buy
yesterday?

sell
Do they sell
every day?
Did they sell
yesterday?

write
Do they write
every day?
Did they write
yesterday?

Will they make


tomorrow?
Did they make
last week?
Do they
usually make?
Will they make
next week?
Dothey make
on Mondays?
Did they make
last June?
Will they make
next spring?

Will they bring


tomorrow?
Did they bring
last week?
Do they
usually bring?
Will they bring
next week?
Do they bring
on Mondays?
Did they bring
last June?
Wi II they bring
next spring?

Will they buy


tomorrow?
Did they buy
last week?
Do they
usually buy?
Will they buy
next week?
Do they buy
on Mondays?
Did they buy
last June?
Will they buy
next spring?

Will they sell


tomorrow?
Did they sell
last week?
Do they
usually sell?
Will they sell
next week?
Do they sell on
Mondays?
Did they sell
last June?
Will they sell
next spring?

Will they write


tomorrow?
Did they write
last week?
Do they
usually write?
Will they write
next week?
Do they write
on Mondays?
Did they write
last June?
Will they write
next spring?

IHH! Bonpoc HalJ:HHaeTCH c BCilOMOraTeJJbHOro rnarona, IIOCJJe KOTOporo CTaBHTCH

HHcPHHHTHB (Heorrpe,neJJeHHM <PopMa) OCHOBHOro rnarona. BcrrOMOraTeJJbHbIH rnaroJJ He


rrepeBO,nHTCH Ha pyCCKHH H3bIK, OH TOJJbKO YKa3bIBaeT Ha BpeMH:
rrpome,nlllee H

will -

do/does -

HaCTmnuee,

did-

6y.nyru;ee. IlpH 3TOM caM BOIIpOC B mo6oM H3 3THX BpeMeH BbITJJH,nHT

O,nHRaKOBO! E,nHHCTBeHHOe OTIDllJ:He -

BCIIOMoraTeJJbHbIB rnaroJJ B Ha1rnJJe sorrpoca, KOTOpblH

rosopHT HaM, B KaKOM BpeMeHH HaM 3a,na.im Borrpoc!

p
He
usually

eat
Does he
usually
eat?
yesterday Did he eat
yesterday?
yet
Has he
eaten yet?
last week Did he eat
last week?
today
Is he eating
today?

3. Questions In Different Tenses

drink
take
Does he
Does he
usually drink? usually
take?
Did he drink
Did he take
yesterday?
yesterday?
Has he drunk Has he
taken yet?
yet?
Did he drink Did he take
last week?
last week?
Is he drinking Is he taking
today?
today?

wash
Does he
usually
wash?
Did he wash
yesterday?
Has he
washed yet?
Did he wash
last week?
Is he washing
today?

feed
see
Does he
Does he usually
usually feed? see?
Did he feed
yesterday?
Has he fed
yet?
Didhe feed
last week?
Is he feeding
today?

- 25 -

Did he see
yesterday?
Has he seen yet?
Did he see last
week?
CllopMa
Heyno1pe6m1ercR
B 3TOM epeMeHM

build
Does he
usually
build?
Did he build
yesterday?
Has he built
yet?
Did he build
last week?
Is he
building
today?

understand
Does he usually
understand?
Did he understand
yesterday?
Has he understood
yet?
Did he understand
last week?
CllopMa
He ynorpe611RercR
B 3TOM epeMeHM

Did he eat
in 1999?
Has heever
ever
eaten?
next year Will he eat
next year?
Has he
before
eaten
before?

in 1999

Did he drink in
1999?
Has heever
drunk?
Will he drink
next year?
Has he drunk
before?

Did he take
in 1999?
Has heever
taken?
Will he take
next year?
Has he
taken
before?

Did he wash
in 1999?
Has he ever
washed?
Will he wash
next year?
Has he
washed
before?

Did he feed
in 1999?
Has he ever
fed?
Will he feed
next year?
Has he fed
before?

Did he see in 1999? Did he build


in 1999?
Has he ever seen? Has he ever
built?
Will he see next
Will he build
year?
next year?
Has he seen before? Has he built
before?

Did he understand
in 1999?
Has he ever
understood?
Will he understand
next year?
Has he understood
before?

Bonpoc Ha'!HHaeTCJl c BCilOMoraTeJI:oHoro rnarona! Ecntt ecTh BorrpocttTeJI:ottoe


MeCTOHMeHHe, OHO CTaBHTCH rrepen BCilOMOraTeJThHI>IM rnaroJIOM.

(Where do you live? What did

you do?)

11
cook
It is cooked
every day
yesterday It was cooked
yesterday
tomorrow It will be
cooked
tomorrow
last week It was cooked
last week.
usually
It is usually
cooked
next week It will be
cooked next
week
on Mondays It is cooked
on Mondays
It was cooked
last June
last June
next spring It will be
cooked next
spring
It
everyday

The Passive Voice. Simple Tenses

eat

drink
It is eaten
It is drunk
every day
every day
It was eaten
It was drunk
yesterday
yesterday
It will be eaten It will be drunk
tomorrow
tomorrow

make
It is made
every day
It was made
yesterday
It will
be made
tomorrow
It was eaten
It was drunk
It was made
last week
last week
last week.
It is usually
It is usually
It is usually
eaten
drunk
made
It wi!I be drunk It will be
next week
made next
nnex
w .k
week
It is drunk on It is made on
eate
Mondays
Mondays
It was eaten
It was drunk It was made
last June
last June
last June
It will be eaten It will be drunk It will be
next spring
next spring
made next
spring

bring
It is brought
every day
It was brought
yesterday
It will be
brought
tomorrow
It was brought
last week
It is usually
brou!lht
It will be
brought next
week
It is brought
on Mondays
It was brought
last June
It will be
brought next
spring

write
It is written
every day
It was written
yesterday
It will be
written
tomorrow
It was sold last It written last
week
week
It is usually
It is usually
sold
written
It will be sold It will be
next week
written next
week
It is sold on
It is written
Mondays
on Mondays
It was soldlast It was written
June
last June
It will be sold It will be
next spring
written next
spring
Crpa.n:aTeJibHblli 3a.rror o6pa3yeTCH npu noMOil{H rnaro11a 'to be' H 3-if <PopMhI OCHOBHoro
buy .
It is bought
every day
It was bought
yesterday
It will be
bought
tomorrow
It was bought
last week
It is usually
bOU!lht
It will be
bought next
week
It is bought on
Mondays
It was bought
last June
It will be
bought next
spring

sell
It is sold every
day
It was sold
yesterday
It will be sold
tomorrow

maro11a.

l
New books read
everyday New books
are read every
day
yesterday New books
were read
yesterday
tomorrow New books
will be read
tomorrow

write
New books are
written every
day
New books
were written
yesterday
New books
wi 11 be written
tomorrow

The Passive Voice. All Tenses


show
New books
are shown
every day
New books
were shown
yesterday
New books
will be shown
tomorrow

make
New books
are made
every day
New books
were made
yesterday
New books
will be made
tomorrow

- 26 -

bring
New books are
brought every
day
New books
were brought
yesterday
New books
will be brought
tomorrow

buy
New books
are bought
every day
New books
were bought
yesterday
New books
will be
bought
tomorrow

sell
New books
are sold every
day
New books
were sold
yesterday
New books
will be sold
tomorrow

publish
New books are
published every
day
New books
were published
yesterday
New books will
be published
tomorrow

just

usually

already

New books
have just
been read
New books
are usually
read
New books
have already
been read

New books
have just been
written
New books are
usually written
New books
have already
been written

New books
have just
been shown
New books
are usually
shown
New books
have already
been shown

New books
have just been
made
New books
are usually
made
New books
have already
been made

New books
have just been
brouqht
New books are
usually brought
New books
have already
been brought

New books
have just
been bouqht
New books
are usually
bou11ht
New books
have already
been bought

New books
have just
been sold
New books
are usually
sold
New books
have already
been sold

New books
have just been
published
New books
are usually
published

Ye

ea y

en
lished
. bo k~

New books
New books are New books
New books
New books are New books
New books
are being sold
bi
are being
being brought are being
are being
being written
are being
now
bought now now
read now
now
shown now made now
New books had
New books had New books New books
New books
New books had New books
New books
by June
had already had already already been
already been
had already had already
had been read already been
last year
been bought been sold by published by
by June last written by June been shown been made by brought by
June old
by June
June
June
year
by June
June
New books will
New books
New books
New books will New books
New books will New books
next spring New books
be published
be written next will be shown will be made be brought next will be bought will be sold
will be read
next sprinq next sprinci
next sprinci
next spring
next sprinci
sprinci
next sprinci
sprinci
ot
BpeMJI crpa,n:areJibttoro 3a.r10ra onpe,n,eJUierCH rro speMeHH, B KOTOpoM CTOHT rnaron 'to be'.

now

1) 1. I travel, 2. I am traveling, 3. I will travel, 4. I have already traveled, 5. I traveled, 6. I had


already traveled, 7. I have been traveling, 8. I had been traveling, 9. I will be travelling, 10. I will
have traveled
2) 1. I am studying, 2. I believe, 3. stays, is staying, 4. I will be watching, 5. I will have watched,
6. will go 7. drink, am drinking, 8. have you seen, 9. he had already sold, 10. I have been
cooking, 11. she had been traveling, 12. I have already done it, 13. how long have you been
living, 14. have been painting, 15. have been selling, have sold, 16. has lost, lost, 17. hasn't
played, 18. didn't play, 19. had left, 20. was raining, had been raining, 21. had been working,
22. were crossing, 23. was written, 24. was published, 25. were shown, 26. has just been built,
27. had been built, 28. is being cleaned, 29. was told, 30. was told, 31. are shown, 32. be done.
CnncoK nan6oJiee qacTo ynoTpe6JIBeMhIX uenpaBHJILHhIX rJiaroJIOB.
be - was/were - been
become - became - become
begin - began - begun
break - broke - broken
bring - brought - brouqht
build - built - built
buy- bought - bought
catch - caught - cauqht
choose - chose - chosen
come - came - come
cut - cut- cut
do - did - done
draw - drew - drawn

6b1Tb
CTaHOBl1TbCH
Ha41tHaTb
noMaTb
npHHOCHTb
CTPOHTb
noKynarb
noBHTb
Bbl6HpaTb
np1tXOAltTb
pe3aTb
AMaTb
PHCOBaTb

let - let - let


lose - lost - lost
make - made - made
meet - met - met
pay - paid - paid
put - out - out
read - read - read
rinq - ranci - run(]
run - ran - run
say- said - said
see - saw- seen
sell - sold - sold
send - sent - sent

- 27 -

003BOnHTb
TePHTb
Aenarb
ecrpe4aTb
nnar1tTb
KllaCTb
41tTaTb
3BOHltTb
6e>KaTb
CKa3aTb
BHAeTb
OPOAaBaTb
nocblnarb

drink - drank - drunk


drive - drove - driven
eat - ate - eaten
fall - fell - fallen
feel -felt- felt
fight-fouoht-fouoht
fly- flew- flown
foroet - foroot - forootten
qo -went - gone
get- got - got
orow- orew - grown
have - had - had
hear - heard - heard
hide - hid - hidden
hit - hit- hit
hold - held - held
keep - kept - kept
know - knew - known
leave - left - left

nl1Tb
BOA11Tb
eCTb
naAaTb
~yecrnoearb

AparbcR
neraTb
Ja6blearb
XOA11Tb
non}"larb
pacr11
11MeTb
cnb1WaTb
npRTaTb
YAaPRTb
AepJKaTb
xpaHl1Tb
3HaTb
VXOAHTb, nOKl1AaTb

show- showed - shown


shut - shut- shut
sing - sang - sung
sit- sat - sat
sleep- slept - slept
speak - spoke - spoken
spend - spent - spent
stand - stood - stood
swim - swam - swum
take - took - taken
teach - taught- taught
tell - told - told
think - thought - thought
understand - understood - understood
wake -woke - waken
wear - wore - worn
win -won -won
write - wrote - written

noKaJb1earb
3aKpb1BaTb
nerb
CMAeTb
cnarb
roeop11Tb
npoBOA11Tb
CTORTb
nnaearb
6paTb
y~11Tb

paccKaJblBaTb, eenerb
AYMaTb
noHHMaTb
npOCblnaTbCR
HOCHTb
Bbl11rpb1BaTb
n11carb

RpMMe11aHMe:
1. rnaron + ing [11HroeaR lf>opMa rnarona) = np114ac111e nepeoe aKTHBHoe HacroRw,ero epeMeH11. [PI)
np11Mep: cooking - roroeRw,1111, reading - 411ra10w,11il, washing - MOIOW,11M.
2. 3-Rlf>opMa rnarona = np11~ac111e eropoe nacc11eHoe npoweAwero epeMeH11. [PII)
np11Mep: cooked - np11roroeneHHblli, read - npo411TaHHblH, washed- BblMblTblM.

IIposephTe ceoB! BnumuTe npony~eHHyro <t>opMy u


be - been
think - thought
see - saw lose - lost become - become
draw - drawn
_ _ _ -came - come
fly- flown
win - won
grow - grew know - known
begin - ____ - begun
do - did show - shown
swim - swam drive - drove run - run
give - ____ - given
_ _ - sang - sung
eat-eaten
ring- rung
hide-hid- - - -- break - broke - - - - write - written
speak - spoken
fall - fallen
forget - forgot - _ _ __
wake - waken
chose
chosen
have - had- - - -freeze - froze - _ __
hold- held
keep - kept- _ _ __
bring - brought
buy- bought - _ __
leave - left
___ - caught - caught
let- let
meet - met- - - fight - fought
get- got- _ __
pay-paid
hear - heard
make-made - - - sell-sold - - - read-read
say- said- _ _ __
teach - _ _ _ - taught
tell - told
send-sent

28 -

csepbTCCb c TaOJIHU.eii:.
spend - spent - _ _
sit - sat
sleep - slept - _ _ __
- felt - felt
keep - __ - kept
cut - cut
shut - shut drink -

drunk

sink - sank - - - - stand - stood


put - put - _ _ __
understand - understood take - taken
shake - shook - _ _ __
- - - - mistook - mistaken
wear- worn
- - - -bore-born
build - built hit - hit-- - burn - burnt
learn - learnt find - found - - - - grind - ground

TipoCMOTpW Ta6;rw:u;y l1 cpanHT1 cpopMbl AeMCTBl1.TeAbHOro l1 CTpaAaTeJl.bHOro 3Mora.


The Present
Simple

Active:
Passive:
am/L.

shed

We published a book last month. We


published twelve books last year.
A book was published by us. Twelve books =
were published by us.

Active:
Passive:

The Past Simple


was/
~

... .... .... . ...

We publish a book every month. We


publish twelve books a year.
A book is published by us. Twelve books
are published by us.

..

The Future
Simple

The Present
Continuous

Active:
Passive:
~ned

'\\il

Active:
Passive:

We will publish a book next month. We


will publish twelve books next year.
A book will be published by us. Twelve
books will be published by us.

published

We are publishing a book now. We are


publishing twelve books now.
A book is being published by us. Twelve
books are being published by us.

Active:
Passive:
na.
g+
published

We were publishing a book at that time.


We were publishing twelve books at that
time.
A book was being published by us. Twelve .
books were being published by us.

:.......

The Past
Continuous

The Present
Perfect

Active:
Passive:
has/ha

oduce

Active:
Passive:

The Past Perfect


had

shed

We have just published a book. We have


just published twelve books.
A book has been published by us. Twelve
books have been published by us.
We had published a book by 2000. We had
published twelve books by 2000.
(.
, A book had been published by us. Twelve '
books had been published by us.

- 29 -

CpaBHMTeAhHaH Ta6AttQa aHr Au:i1c1<11x BpeMeH


IlpOCMOTIJHTe Ta6nmzy. 06paTHTe BHHMaHHe Ha TO, '-ITO Ka)l(,Uoe BpeMJI yno-rpe6m1eTC}I
c onpe.n;eneHHhIMH 06cTo.sneJibCTBaMH BpeMeHH, KOTOpb1e, KaK .n;opo:>KHhie 3HaKH, qeTKO yKaJbrna10T,
Kaey10 rnaronhttyro <l>opMy cne.n;yeT ynOTpe6HTb!

1. The Present

Simple Tense

do/does

2. The Past
Simple Tense

did

3. The Future
Simple Tense

will

4. The Present
Continuous
Tense

5. The Past
Continuous
Tense

6. The Future
Continuous
Tense

always, often,
1-H (ueonpeAeJJeuuau)
usually, occasionally,
cI>opMa rnaroJia 6eJ
often, always,
'laCTH. .bl 'to'
never, every day, on
(go, do, play)
Mondays
2-H cl>opMa ~JIB
uenpaBHJibHhIX
rnaroJIOB (went, did) yesterday, last week,
last year, in 1999,
u ueonpe~eJJeunaH
10 years ago
cl>opMa +died AJIH
npaBHJlbHblX rnaroJIOB
(worked, played)
will+ ueonpeAeJJeuuaa
cl>opMa rnaroJia
(will play, will work)

tomorrow, next
week, next year

5I 3TO L(CJiaIO
o6hI'lHO, tiaCTo,

K~hrn.[leHh

5I 3TO CL(eJiaJI
sqepa,
B IIpOIIIJIOM I'OLI)'

5I 3TO c,nena10
3asrpa,
B 5 qacos

am/is/are +
am/is/are

was/were

will be

ueonpe~eJJeuuaa cl>op~1a

rnaroJia + ing
(am playing, are doing)
was/were+
ueonpeAeJJeuuaa cI>opMa
rnaroJia + ing
(was playing, were doing)

now, today, at the


moment

5I 3TO ,nena10

yesterday at 5,
when you called

5I 3TO ~enan
B 5 qacos

will be+
ueonpeAeJJenuaH cI>opMa
tomorrow at 5, when
rnaroJia + ing
I return
(will be playing, will be
doing)

- 30 -

ceift:lac

5I 3TO 6YJ1.y
L(CJiaTb
B 5 'IaCOB

7. The Present
Perfect Tense

8. The Past
Perfect Tense

9. The Future
Perfect Tense

10. The Present


Perfect Progressive Tense

11. The Past


Perfect Progressive Tense

have/has

have/has + 3-B
ct>opMa rJiarona HJIH
ueonpeAe.n:eunaH ct>opMa
rJiarona +died .l{JIH
npaBBJlbHblX rJiaroJIOB
(have worked, has done)

had

had + 3-H ct>opMa


maroJia HJIH
ueonpeAe.n:euuaH ct>opMa
rJiarona +died AJIH
npaBHJibHblX rJiaroJIOB
(had worked, had done)

just, already, yet,


ever, never, since
BDplf,l(aTO'IHblX,

will have + 3-H


ct>opMa rJiarona HJIH
ueonpeAe.n:eunaH ct>opMa
rJiarona +died AJIH
npaBHJibHblX fJiafOJIOB
(have worked, has done)

just, already, yet,


ever, never, since
B npHAaTO'IHbIX,

will have

have been/has been

have been/has been +


ueonpeAe.n:euuaH cJtopMa
rJiarona + ing
(hav:e been playing, has
been doing)

had been

had been+
ueonpeAe.n:enuu ct>opMa
rnarOJia + ing
(had been playing, had
been doing)

- 31 -

just, already, yet,


ever, never, since

OTHOCH~HXCH

KnpoweAweMy
speMeHH

OTHOCH~HXCH

K6yAy~eMy

JI )')Ke 3TO
C)J;eJlaJI

JI )')Ke :no
C.D;e11an Bqepa
K5 qacaM

JI )')Ke :no
c.D;e11aw 3aBTPa
K5 qacaM

BpeMeHB

since, for

since, for
Oplf,ll;aTO'IHblX,
OTHOCH~HXCH

KnpoweAweMy
BpeMeHH

JI 3TO AeJlaIO
)')Ke qac

JI 3TO .D;e11an y)l(e


qac, KOr.D;a Tl>I
rrpimie11

YAK 373.167.1 :811.111


66K 81 .2AHm-9
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K23

Kapnoea, EereHll'lft.
K 23 Grammar Games : Naval Battle = lpaMMan14ecK1.1e 1.1rpb1 AnH 1.13y4eH1.1H aHrn1.1~cKoro H3b1Ka : MopcKo~ 60~ I EsreHHH Kapnosa. PocToB H/,Q : <l>eHlllKC,

2015. -31 c.
ISBN 978-5-222-23714-4
EsreHl-1fl Kapnosa, C03A8TeJlb YHl-1K8IlbHOiil MeTOAl-1Kl-1 o6yYeHl-1fl 1-1 8BTOp 6onee

10

r1e6-

Hl-1KOB-C8MOYl..fl-1Teneill aHrnl-1illCKOro fl3blK8, npeAJlaraeT rpaMMarnl..feCKl-1e 1-1rpbl B nOMOl..Llb 38Hl-1M8IOl..Lll-1MCfl aHrn1-1il1cK1-1M fl3blKOM c npenoAaBaTeneM 1-1 caMOCTOflTeilbHo. YY1-1Cb 1-1rpa10l..f1-1!
noco61-1e npeACT8Bilfl0T co6oill H0CKOilbKO CTp8Hll14 rpaMM8Tl-11..f0CKl-1X nos:iCH0Hl-1ill 1-1

15 Ill-1-

CTOB c 1-1rpaM1-1, KOTOpble Bblpe38IOTCfl 1-1 3anOI1Hs:llOTCfl yYaCTHl-1K8Ml-1 1-1rpbl.

KOH40 KHl-1>KKl-1 eCTb Kill0'-11-1 K 1-1rpaM 1-1 TeCT Ha npoill,QeHHblill M8Tep1-1an.

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Y'le6noe u3iJanue

EBreHH.a: KapJioBa

Grammar Games. Naval Battle


rpaMMan14ecK111e 111rpbl An51 1113y4eHll151 aHrn111lllcKoro 513b1Ka.
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0rBeTCTBeHHbIH pe,naKTop
BhmycKruomIDi pe,naKTOp
TeXH1-1qecKHi:i pe,naKTop
KoMnbIOTepmu1 aepcTKa:

Map2apuma IJ02ope.noea
I'aJIUHa Jlo26UH080

lOJ1wt /{aebtooea
ElleHa KaJ1umuHa

no.1:1n1.1caHo a neYaTb 21 .09.2014 r.


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ISBN 978-5-222-23714-4

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OOO <l>eHll!KC, ocpopMneH111e, 2014

ISBN 978-5-222-2371 4-4

785222 237144