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Steps Toward British Union, a World State, and Had we adhered to the Constitution as it was given to us,

International Strife—Part I we would have been secure and safe today.


Therefore, it is our duty, in the interest of our people and
in the interest of this Republic of the United States, to
REMARKS ponder seriously and to give fullest consideration to solving
of the problem which now confronts the world. In doing so, I
am rather inclined to believe that the real American people
HON. J. THORKELSON will decide without hesitation, to return to those fundamental
OF MONTANA principles that were set forth in the Constitution of the
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES United States. Let no one tell you that this instrument is not
Monday, August 19.1940 as valuable today as it was in 1787, for the fact is that it is
much more valuable today—so much so that complete dis-
Mr. THORKELSON. Mr. Speaker, In order that the integration of this Republic cannot be avoided should we fail
American people may have a clearer understanding of those to return our Government to the principles set forth therein.
who over a period of years have been undermining this Re- I shall now quote an article by Andrew Carnegie, which
public, in order to return it to the British Empire, I have he wrote at the request of the London Express, and which
inserted in the RECORD a number of articles to prove this point. appeared in that paper October 14, 1904, entitled "Drifting
These articles are entitled "Steps Toward British Union, a Together."
World State, and International Strife." This is part I, and DRIFTING T O G E T H E R — W I L L T H E UNITED STATES AND CANADA U N I T E ?
in this I include a hope expressed by Mr. Andrew Carnegie,
in his book entitled "Triumphant Democracy." In this he (Written by request for t h e London Express, October 14, 1904, by
Andrew Carnegie)
expresses himself in this manner:
Britain a n d America being now firmly agreed t h a t those who
Let men say what they will, I say t h a t as surely as t h e s u n in a t t e m p t e d to tax t h e American Colonies against their protest were
t h e heavens once shone upon Britain and America united, so surely wrong, a n d t h a t in resisting this t h e colonists vindicated their
is it one morning to rise, to shine upon, to greet again t h e reunited rights as British citizens and therefore only did their duty, the ,
states—the British-American Union. question arises: Is a separation forced upon one of t h e parties,
and now deeply regretted by t h e other, to be permanent?
This statement is clear, and the organizations which Mr. I cannot t h i n k so, and crave permission to present some con-
Carnegie endowed have spent millions in order to bring this siderations in support of my belief t h a t t h e future is certain to
about. This thing has been made possible by scholarships, bring reunion of t h e separated parts, which will probably come
exchange professors, subsidies of churches, subsidies of edu- a b o u t in t h i s way: Those born n o r t h and s o u t h of an imaginary
line between Canada and t h e United States, being all Americans,
cational institutions; all of them working for the purpose of m u s t soon merge. It were as great folly to remain divided as for
eliminating Americanism as was taught once in our schools England and Scotland to have done so.
and to gradually exchange this for an English version of our It is n o t to be believed t h a t Americans and Canadians will not
be warned by Europe, with its divisions armed, not against foreign
history. foes, b u t against each other. It is t h e d u t y of Canadians and
These organizations were organized to bring about a British Americans to prevent this, and to secure to their continent in-
union, a union in which the United States would again be- ternal peace u n d e r one government, as it was t h e duty of English-
m e n a n d Scotsmen to u n i t e u n d e r precisely similar conditions.
come a part of the British Empire. However, this has been England h a s 7 times t h e population of Scotland; t h e Republic
upset to some extent by the attempt of the internationalists has 14 times t h a t of Canada. Born Canadians and Americans are
to establish their own government as an International or a common type, indistinguishable one from t h e other. Nothing
world union. And there is, therefore, a conflict between the la surer in t h e near future t h a n t h a t they m u s t unite. It were
criminal for t h e m to s t a n d apart.
two, for England wants a British union, with America as a
CANADA'S DESTINY
colony, and the international money changers want a Jewish
controlled union, in order to establish their own world It need n o t be feared t h a t force will ever be used or required
to accomplish t h i s u n i o n . It will come—must come—in t h e n a t -
government. ural order of things. Political as well as material bodies obey the
It is, therefore, best for us to stay out of both of these, law of gravitation. Canada's destiny la to annex the Republic, as
in order to save what is left of this Republic as it was given Scotland did England, a n d t h e n , t a k i n g t h e h a n d of the rebellious
big brother and t h a t of t h e mother, place t h e m in each other's
to us in 1787, by a people who knew more about international grasp, t h u s reuniting t h e t h e n happy family t h a t should never
intrigue and the real problems that confronted the world, have known separation. To accept this view, t h e people of t h e
than we know today. These early founders not only under- United Kingdom have only to recall t h e bloody wars upon this
island for centuries arising from Scotland and England floating
stood the problems, but in drafting the Constitution they separate flags, a n d contrast t h e change today u n d e r one flag.
provided an instrument for us to follow, so that we could T h e Canadians and Americans may be trusted to follow t h e
remain secure from foreign double-dealing and intrigue. example of t h e Motherland and have b u t one flag embracing one
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2 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
whole race in America. Present petty Jealousies melt away as t h e inventions, are more and more supplying their own wants, and
population north and south become in a greater degree born Amer- will continue to do so. They will also compete with her more and
icans. more, especially in iron and steel, and in cotton manufactures, owing
Even if this blessed reunion came as early as t h e end of t h e next to her lack of t h e cotton p l a n t a t i o n s and of needed iron stone. If
decade, say 16 years hence, Canada and t h e Republic—the Scotland Britain succeeds in m a i n t a i n i n g present production in these fields
and England of America—would embrace 115.000,000 of English- great will be t h e credit d u e to her captains of industry. As with
speaking people, probably 7,000,000 of these in Canada. By t h e end population, therefore, so w i t h industrials—much increase is
of the present decade, 6 years hence, their population will be close impossible.
to 97.000,000—6,000,000 of these in Canada. T h e Republic added This is t h e age of consolidation, industrially and nationally.
to her n u m b e r s t h e past 14 years more t h a n t h e total population of Consider t h e recent consolidation of Italy a n d t h e more recent
Australasia, or t h a n t h a t of Canada, t h e immigration having been consolidation a n d rapid growth of t h e German Empire. Who can
enormous. One of these years it almost reached a million. imagine t h a t t h e process h a s stopped? On t h e contrary, we are
CECIL RHODES on t h e eve of further consolidations in Europe of great extent.
The peaceful u n i o n of Canada and America would lead Britain T h e successes of t h e American Republic, 45 States consolidated i n t o
to a serious view of her position, resulting in t h e conclusion t h a t one Union, with free trade over all, and t h a t of Germany with its
Cecil Rhodes reached—it will be remembered t h a t he was at first a Zallverein, are too significant to pass unheeded.
strong British Imperialist. Mr. Stead recounts t h a t Mr. Rhodes went T h e day of small n a t i o n s is passing. Their incorporation with
to Lord Rothschild and laid t h a t scheme before h i m , who replied— larger areas is to be hailed by lovers of progress, provided always
"This is all very well, If you can get America to join—if not, it t h a t one point be carefully preserved. T h e national sentiment of
amounts to nothing !" This led Mr. Rhodes to a s t u d y of t h e s u b - t h e small powers should n o t only be guarded, b u t fostered in every
ject, and t h e result was he saw clearly t h a t Lord Rothschild was way, so t h a t , as in t h e American Union and in Britain, t h e Vir-
right. ginian and t h e Scotsman r e m a i n as intensely Virginian or Scotch
British federation would leave Britain as a member of t h e smaller as ever. Pride in and loyalty to t h e wider empire do n o t supplant
part of her own race, and o u t of t h e m a i n channel of progress: b u t s u p p l e m e n t love of t h e p a r t where he was born. He loves t h e
instead of sitting (with race imperialism accomplished) enthroned p a r t a n d is proud of t h e whole.
as the mother among h u n d r e d s of millions of her own children, W h a t will Britain do? T h e day is coming when Britain will have
composing all b u t a fraction of English-speaking men. Hence he to decide on one of t h r e e courses. First, shall she sink—compara-
abandoned t h e scheme and thereafter favored race federation, and tively to t h e giant consolidations—into a t h i r d - or fourth-rate
left to America more scholarships t h a n to all other lands. He saw power, a Holland or Belgium comparatively? Here note t h a t we do
t h a t it was to t h e Republic, not to British settlements, his coun- n o t postulate her actual decline, b u t t h e increased growth of
try had to look for the coming reunion of his race, with Britain other powers. Or, second, shall she consolidate with a European
in her rightful place as p a r e n t of all. A few figures will leave no giant? Or, t h i r d , shall she grasp t h e outstretched h a n d of her
room for dispute about this. In t h e last decade, 1890-1900, Britain, children in America and become again as she was before, t h e
Canada. Australasia, and New Zealand, combined, added to their m o t h e r member of t h e English-speaking race?
population 4,500,000—America 13,500,000. Canada only added 508,-
000, the Commonwealth of Australasia only 660,000. In t h e 4 years Assuming t h a t other powers are to increase their present popula-
since 1900 America added more t h a n t h e total population of either tion (as Germany and Russia have yet room to d o ) , or by further
Canada or Australasia. During t h e present decade, 1900-1910, at consolidation, it being evident t h a t there is n o t room in t h e
the same rate of Increase to date, she will add more t h a n t h e pres- 120,000 square miles of t h e little, crowded United Kingdom for
ent total white population of Canada, Australasia, New Zealand, and further increase of m o m e n t , then t h e conclusion is inevitable t h a t
South Africa combined. So fast does t h e Republic grow, so slowly one of these three courses is t h e only possible alternative, for
the Empire. Britain has no adjoining territory she can annex.
INCREASE OF P O P U L A T I O N Some have been disposed to regard British federation as a pos-
The United Kingdom itself increased last decade more t h a n three sible fourth alternative, b u t t h e figures given, which convinced
times as much as Canada and Australasia combined. It is not to her Rothschild and Rhodes, we submit, compel its exclusion, especially
colonies, therefore, t h a t Britain can look for m u c h increase of popu- to such as seek for my motherland, as I do, a destiny worthy of ,
lation or of trade. T h e growth of Australasia, small as it was in her—a future commensurate with her glorious and unparalleled
the last decade, so far as reported in this decade is even less. Canada past. Let us rejoice t h a t t h i s is open. Her Canadian and r e -
is growing faster only in t h e far northwest, which is separated by a publican children across t h e Atlantic will hail t h e day she takes
thousand miles of barren land from t h e English-speaking Province her rightful place in t h e high council of her reunited race—that
of Ontario. Last decade Ontario Province (English) actually de- race whose destiny, I believe with faith unshaken, is to dominate
clined in British population; Quebec Province (French) slightly t h e world for t h e good of t h e world.
increased. The census of 1900 shows fewer British-born residents (This article, in p a m p h l e t form, was placed in t h e New York
in all Canada t h a n t h a t of 1890. The wheatfields now reached by Public Library on February 27, 1906, by t h e Honorable Joseph H.
rail are being settled by Americans who cross t h e border, selling their Choate.)
American farms and buying new farms in Canada at o n e - t e n t h of t h e
price realized for t h e old. Except for t h i s influx, a b o u t 70,000 so far,
the rate of increase in Canada will be a b o u t as last decade. Steps Toward British Union, a World State, and
When we come to t h e population of t h e United Kingdom, we find International Strife—Part II
already in England and Wales 558 to t h e square mile. W h a t t h o u g h t -
ful man could wish m u c h further increase, even if it were possible?
A denser population m u s t cause deterioration. T h e density of popu-
lation in England and Wales is n o t reached by any European coun- REMARKS
try, except t h e small s t a t e of Belgium. France has only 188, Ger- of
many 270 (or one-half), Italy 290, J a p a n has only 296. T h e
authorities agree t h a t England and Wales are fully populated. I r e -
land proves t h a t it is so by t h e small increase. Scotland h a s i n -
HON. J. THORKELSON
creased steadily for some decades, b u t little scope is left for further OF MONTANA
increase. Substantially, Ireland and Scotland have today all they
can m a i n t a i n in comfort. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Mark t h e contrast. America has only 21 people per square mile, Monday, August 19,1940
one-sixteenth t h a t of t h e United Kingdom, one for every 26 in Mr. THORKELSON. Mr. Speaker, we are now dominated
England and Wales. These figures include Alaska, which resembles
most of Canada, and is n o t likely to support m a n y people. Ex- and plagued by various pressure groups that care little or
cluding Alaska, t h e American population is 28 per square mile, nothing about the United States as long as they can involve
one-twentieth t h a t of England and Wales. It is evident t h a t Green us in the present European war. Some of these groups are
was right when he wrote years ago t h a t t h e home of t h e English-
speaking race was n o t to be on t h e Clyde and t h e Thames, b u t u p o n well known, others remain obscure, but nevertheless very
the Hudson, t h e Delaware, Ohio, Mississippi, and St. Lawrence. powerful and effective in their insidious attempt to convince
There is not room for it in t h e dear old home, b u t there is, for- the people of this Nation that war is impending. These
tunately, in t h e new lands of her children in Canada and America.
groups are composed of members who are generally classed
When we note t h e development Britain has a t t a i n e d industrially,
we are amazed. It is wonderful almost beyond belief: we d o u b t as the "intelligentsia." I shall not question their intelligence,
and investigate to assure ourselves t h a t we have t h e facts. This but if one is to judge them by what they have said and done,
little kingdom has today more shipping, and a b o u t as many spin- their intelligence is not being directed for the greater interest
dles t u r n i n g as all t h e rest of t h e world. She is t h e richest of of the United States. Aiding these groups, I believe often in-
all nations per capita. She makes more iron and mines more coal
per capita t h a n any nation. Marvelous! Nothing comparable to her nocently, are those whom we may take the liberty of calling
in history! She positively dwarfs all previous records—a dwarf more their tools and servants. We have reached a stage where
powerful t h a n most giants. Who is there, t h e n , who can expect these anglophiles advance the thought that in order to
her to do more, w h a t she h a s accomplished being scarcely credible?
Qualify as a good American, one must be pro-English and
PHYSICALLY IMPOSSIBLE
willing to fight and die for England. These England-first
It is physically impossible t h a t m u c h further increase can come groups and hands-across-the-sea organization are made
to Britain, and in addition to this, conditions otherwise are u n -
favorable to further development. Other n a t i o n s by t h e use of her up of many Canadian and Anglo-American societies which
263553—19504
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 3
are located in our larger cities. One of these, and the one to best wishes for a delightful reunion. I am unable to be with you,
which I shall now refer, is the Pilgrims. b u t I cherish t h e earnest hope t h a t your gathering may emphasize
t h e cordial relations which we know exist between Briton and
T H E PILGRIMS Canadian and American.
When the Pilgrims was organized in 1902, to aid in W M . H. TAFT.
developing Anglophiles in the United States, the Canadians, A message from His Majesty t h e K i n g :
LONDON, February 4, 1913.
being British subjects, were not solicited at first as members I am commanded to convey to t h e Pilgrims of the United
of this charitable and exclusive propaganda service to sell States, celebrating their t e n t h anniversary, t h e expression of His
America to the British Empire. Like converts, many of Majesty's g r a t i t u d e for t h e i r k i n d a n d friendly s e n t i m e n t s con-
tained in your telegram of t h i s evening.
these members are more loyal to England than the British PRIVATE SECRETARY.
themselves. In their fanatical zeal to serve Albion, I am A message from Her Majesty, Queen Alexandra, one of t h e best
informed by a student, that one of them placed the English friends we ever h a d on t h e other side of t h e water:
crown on the flagstaff of the Columbia University. If this is "I am commanded by Queen Alexandra to ask you to convey to
Ex-Ambassador Choate and t h e m e m b e r s of t h e Pilgrims of t h e
true, the Columbia alumni should "crown" him who gave United States, now celebrating their t e n t h anniversary under His
orders for the mounting of it, and replace the crown with Excellency's presidency, Her Majesty's sincere t h a n k s for t h e kind
the eagle, so this noble emblem can rest in its rightful place. s e n t i m e n t s expressed in t h e telegram which Her Majesty has just
received, s e n t i m e n t s which I am to assure t h e Pilgrims are m u c h
The Pilgrim membership may be found in our military valued by Her Majesty.
organization, in the Government, and particularly among "DIGHTONPROBYN."
professors, ministers, and authors. In wielding the pen, the Now, gentlemen, it remains for me to say a few words, and a few
aid of these writers is more valuable, for can they not write, words only. I think, if I c o n t i n u e in this office m a n y years, I may
m a k e longer speeches, b u t I will begin with something very brief
as did Carnegie: and very p e r t i n e n t . I am a year younger t h a n I was a year ago
Give America to England as a h e m o s t a t for t h e bleeding wound when you did me t h e honor to elect me your president, and if I
of t h e British Empire, which t h e surgeons left oozing after their go on, as I hope to do. and as I hope you will do, I shall be a very
operation in 1776: the operation which a m p u t a t e d t h e United States young m a n a t last.
from the British Empire, and set America free. We are here to celebrate ourselves and our friends on both sides
of t h e water, and among t h e m t h e best friends t h a t I have ever
These Pilgrims, being unfamiliar with the surgery of 1776, known—and I knew well their sentiments some years ago, which
evidently do not realize that Canada joined to the United 1 believe have continued and which I believe are n o t well repre-
States will prove an equally efficient hemostat to stop this sented in t h e h e a r t of his present Majesty—I will tell you, in the
first place, t h a t King Edward VII, and his Queen Alexandra
hemorrhage in the British Empire. The American Pilgrims were t w o of t h e m o s t c o n s t a n t a n d devoted friends t h a t t h e people
no doubt fear this most sensible measure, because it might of t h e United States ever had. They lost no occasion to manifest
antagonize the noble and wealthy in the English Government their good will to t h e i r kindred in America, a n d his present Majesty
King George V was always m o s t cordial, m o s t friendly, and most
and the Bank of England so much that they will pack up and determined, so far as I could Judge from t h e sentiments t h a t he
leave for home. Such exodus might also prove inconvenient expressed—most determined, I say—that t h e cordial relations be-
to our idle, wealthy, and charming ladies and their parents, tween t h e two countries which have now been transmitted to him
by his father should forever continue. We have no difficulty with
when in their crusade to obtain a new or slightly used husband t h e royal family. We have no difficulty and never have had t h a t
to hang on their family tree, they find it necessary to embark I know of with t h e people of England. The people of England and
for Palestine to satisfy their family ambition. It is this and t h e people of t h e United States are always friendly to each other.
more that the Americans must fight to counteract the propa- Now and t h e n t h e governments of t h e two countries come to dif-
ferent conclusions for a brief time on some subject of m u t u a l
ganda which is now disseminated throughout the country and interest.
in our daily press, in order to save America for the Americans. It is 10 years since this organization was founded and they have
Many of the members of these groups are ignorant of the been 10 years of success and constantly advancing prosperity, and,
real purpose of these organizations and their influence in our so far as I can u n d e r s t a n d , of constantly strengthened good will
between t h e people of t h e two countries. And w h a t I claim for
political life. Some of the members are so blinded by the t h e Pilgrims is t h a t they have done t h e i r fair share on both sides
glamour and the exclusiveness of these clubs that they do not of t h e water to promote this great interest in t h e world, t h e preser-
realize that in supporting their activities they betray America. vation of peace between t h e two countries t h a t combine all t h e
I now quote from the annual meetings of the Pilgrims, held in English-speaking people of m a n k i n d .
New York, 1913 and 1934: It was n o t my good fortune to be present when this society was
founded in America on t h e 4 t h day of February 1903, b u t I had
[The Pilgrims, New York. Addresses delivered at d i n n e r in celebra- had t h e good fortune to be present in London, 6 m o n t h s before,
tion of t h e t e n t h anniversary of t h e Pilgrims of t h e United States, when t h e Pilgrims of Great Britain held their first dinner, under
New York, Tuesday, t h e 4 t h of February, 1913, at t h e Waldorf- t h e presidency of t h a t grand old soldier and royal hero, Field Mar-
Astoria, 1913] shal Lord Roberts. He believes in making his nation a great fight-
(Hon. Joseph H. Choate, president of t h e Pilgrims a n d c h a i r m a n ing nation, b u t not to fight against t h e United States. He would
of t h e evening, on rising a n d r a p p i n g for order, is roundly cheered consider it t h e most barbarous, t h e most u n n a t u r a l , t h e most
and toasted by t h e members and guests assembled.) u n t h i n k a b l e contest t h a t ever could be raised. Let me read to you
a dispatch from Field Marshal Lord Roberts, which is m u c h better
Mr. CHOATE. I am going to ask you, in t h e first place, to rise, as t h a n a n y t h i n g I can say:
you did j u s t now for a m u c h less worthy object, when I propose t h e
loyal toasts. I ask you to fill your glasses a n d rise and d r i n k to t h e "Greatly touched by t h e Pilgrims' charming and hospitable in-
President of t h e United States a n d his Majesty, t h e King of England. vitation. There is none I would sooner accept, b u t unfortunately
(The toast was d r u n k with great e n t h u s i a s m , cheering a n d singing it is quite impossible for me to be with you on February 4. So sin-
The Star-Spangled Banner a n d God Save t h e King.) cerely wish it were otherwise. All prosperity to t h e American
Before t h e c h a i r m a n could resume, a delegation of members, con- Pilgrims."
sisting of Messrs. F. Cunliffe-Owen, R. A. C. Smith, Herbert Noble, And from Lord Charles Beresford, who was with us at t h e founda-
George W. Burleigh, Lawrence L. Gillespie, and George Gray Ward, tion of t h e Pilgrims In E n g l a n d :
presented Mr. Choate with a large and beautiful gold a n d silver "All good luck to Pilgrims. Congratulations on brilliant success
salver, richly decorated a n d suitably inscribed, Mr. Cunliffe-Owen of efforts to bring together two great English-speaking nations."
addressing h i m as follows: Now. gentleman, t h a t is t h e object, and t h e sole object t h a t I
"Mr. Choate, your brother Pilgrims m a k i n g you t h e offering h e r e - know of, t h a t this flourishing society has—the sole reason for its
existence; to promote good will, good fellowship, abiding friend-
with of t h e Pilgrim fare, bread and salt—bread signifying long life s h i p and everlasting peace between t h e United States a n d Great
and prosperity and salt to ward off from you all evil spirits a n d Britain. And, for one, I have no fear of failure.
every kind of h a r m — a n d we ask you. our honored president, in t h e
n a m e of all our brother Pilgrims of t h e United States, to accept t h i s We are now entering u p o n t h e celebration of t h e one h u n d r e d t h
gold a n d silver salver as a m e m e n t o of t h e occasion." year of peace between t h e two nations. In 2 years more t h a t cele-
Mr. CHOATE. I accept t h e salver with profound g r a t i t u d e , and I bration will be complete. It is going on all the time, from day to
will eat t h e fare on some more suitable occasion. It will d o u b t - day, from week to week, and from m o n t h to m o n t h . You will
less do for me all t h a t you wish and foretell, b u t never having u n t i l hardly hear so m u c h of a n y t h i n g else for a long time to come.
this m o m e n t heard of this munificent and wholly undeserved Well, how has it been accomplished? How is it t h a t we have been
gift, I can only now express to you my warm t h a n k s a n d high able to keep t h e peace, n o t w i t h s t a n d i n g t h e alarming contro-
appreciation of your kindness. versies t h a t have arisen from time to time, controversies which
I now read to you a message from t h e P r e s i d e n t of t h e United between any other two great n a t i o n s would probably have provoked
States: and resulted in war? Why, it is because, in the long run, in t h e
W H I T E HOUSE,
main, t h e people of t h e two countries are one. They are united in
s e n t i m e n t s and in t h e general object they have in view and in
Washington, D. C, February 4, 1913. their valuation of things t h a t go to make civilization. We might
Please extend to t h e Pilgrims of t h e United States and t h e i r have fought a dozen wars in t h e last h u n d r e d years, b u t we have
guests at their t e n t h anniversary my h e a r t y greetings a n d my
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4 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
kept t h e peace always. And how is it? How has it been done? Mr. Speaker, it is interesting to read the speeches given
Why, as I believe, it has been accomplished by t h e preservation on by the American members of the Pilgrims, for they, like
both sides of absolute good faith in their dealings and in u l t i m a t e
fidelity to the promises t h a t they have made to each other. I do all converts, and more un-American and pro-English than
not mean to say t h a t they have n o t quarreled. They have q u a r - the British themselves.
reled many times, and sometimes n o t a little sharply. The address of Joseph H. Choate is an example of Anglo-
They have threatened very m u c h on both sides—much more
t h a n you will ever hear t h e m do again; b u t every quarrel has phile, pertinent at this time in view of the conditions that
ended in reconciliation, in peace established either by diplomacy exist today. I shall now requote some of these statements
or by arbitration—arbitration, t h e great boast and glory of in order to show how deceptive they can be. Mr. Choate
America.
We have a little difference Just now, b u t I do not look upon it as
states:
half as serious as t h e differences t h a t have arisen in former times, We have no difficulty a n d never have had t h a t I know of with
10. 20, 40, 50, 75, 100 years ago, and t h e r e is n o t h i n g in it t h a t c a n n o t t h e people of England.
be readily settled upon t h e principle of adherence on both sides to
t h e doctrine, to t h e principle, of good faith a n d of honest dealing A statement that is perfectly true, because the people of
with one another. England have little or nothing to say in the British Govern-
I had something to do with t h e negotiation of t h e treaty which ment. Our trouble has been with the British Government,
has formed—I won't say a bone of contention, because I h a v e n ' t which has never at any time been friendly toward the United
heard a n y t h i n g like t h e gnawing of bones; n o t at all—but t h i s little
difference t h a t has arisen States—but the gentleman did not make such statement.
It so happened t h a t t h a t negotiation was carried on in London Furthermore, it is well to note the servile attitude of the
for several weeks between Lord Pauncefote and myself and approved, speaker to the Crown of England, and his praise of the
as we went along by J o h n Hay and by Lord Lansdowne. Well, if
there ever were two men who deserved t h e gratitude of their respec- rulers, which again is perfectly all right, yet he has failed
tive nations and each of t h e other's nation, it was those two men, in his speech as others have in theirs, to say one good word
Mr. Hay and Lord Pauncefote, for their perfectly plain, perfectly for the Government of the United States. He then goes on
honest, perfectly straightforward, method of dealing with one to say:
another.
Their principle, their rule of action, was to say w h a t they m e a n t T h e people of England and t h e people of t h e United States are
and to mean what they said, and their effort was always to express always friendly to each other; another s t a t e m e n t which no one
in perfectly plain English w h a t b o t h h a d equally in his own m i n d ; can criticize, b u t to which I w a n t to add t h a t t h e people of all
and when they said, as they did say in t h a t treaty t h a t t h e ships of countries—the common people—have always been and are now
all nations shall have free passage on equal terms t h r o u g h t h e canal friendly to each other. If war depended upon t h e m there would
without any discrimination whatever, they t h o u g h t they were using be no war. T h e trouble lies w i t h t h e rulers of t h e different
plain English. And I m u s t say, now t h a t both of these great men governments. It is they who advocate war; war of destruction,
and diplomatists have passed away—I m u s t say, as t h e survivor not only of property and h u m a n life b u t of Christian civilization
of t h e m both, t h a t they lived and died w i t h o u t believing or sus- itself.
pecting t h a t their words were capable of any other t h a n t h e plain
meaning t h a t they bore upon their face. So in view of this, let us remember that no country has
Well, b u t t h e wit of m a n passeth all understanding, and different been at war so much as England and no country has brought
meanings have been discovered for those very plain and simple about more misfortune and suffering than the British Govern-
words, and t h u s a difference has arisen as to t h e interpretation of a
treaty. And how are you going to adjust and settle t h a t difference? ment. This should be clear as we review the early history
Well, I should say, as any gentlemen would settle differences t h a t of our own colonies, of India, Ireland, and the 400,000,000
they could n o t adjust which had arisen between them—refer it to opium addicts in China, all of which may be charged to the
some other gentlemen; and my first proposition would be to refer
it to t h e Pilgrims on b o t h sides of t h e water. We would n o t have greed of the British Government. Mr. Choate, in making his
any difficulty. In t h e first place, we would take a secret vote, if you statements, spoke for the people of the United States, when
please, separately on both sides of t h e water. We would let our in reality he should have hesitated even to speak for himself.
brother Pilgrims of Great Britain answer t h e question—try their
hand at t h i s little puzzle: it is only a puzzle—the question is how His sole concern appeared to have been our friendliness toward
to p u t it together. Let t h e m give their answer first and seal it up, Great Britain, but not their friendliness toward us; and again
not communicate it to us, and t h e n let these 500 law-abiding, he placed the United States in the position of a suppliant to
country-loving American Pilgrims answer t h e question for t h e m - the British throne.
selves by another sealed and secret vote.
Now, t h e people of t h i s country are not going to allow a n y - Mr. Choate then referred to a dispute which arose in regard
body—any Congress, any Government, any President—to break to the passage of ships through the Panama Canal, and inti-
their good faith which t h e y have pledged to t h e mother country. mated that it was the understanding of Hon. John Hay and
How are we going to m a i n t a i n t h e peace for t h e next 100 years?
These English-speaking people are going to increase on t h i s side Lord Landsdowne that the British should have equal rights
of t h e water in t h e next h u n d r e d years from one h u n d r e d millions with us in the use of this Canal; a right which the British
to four or five hundred millions, and England and her dominions have never conceded to the United States in the Suez Canal.
across t h e seas will increase in like proportion. How are they We have even been driven out of foreign markets by England
going to keep t h e peace. There is only one way. It is by keeping
their word, by keeping their good faith, by being always honest in for many, many years, and in her wars she has brazenly fur-
their dealings with one another. So I am not afraid. This little nished us with a blacklist of firms with which we are not
puzzle will be adjusted. I hope t h a t Mr. Bryce will stay here long supposed to trade; and we, like fools, comply with her demands.
enough to settle it with Mr. TAFT. We know both are great lovers
of peace. If not settled by t h e m , why other men—I won't say Continuing his discussion on this topic, Mr. Choate ex-
equally good; I won't say equally good, a l t h o u g h I may t h i n k so— pressed himself as being quite willing to leave the decision of
other men will arise in their places and settle it, a n d t h e n we shall
have 10 years of balmy a n d delightful peace, and t h e n some other the Panama Canal in the hands of the British and American
question will arise a n d t h e puzzle solvers on b o t h sides of t h e At- pilgrims, which anyone can readily understand would be a
lantic will p u t their heads together and it will be settled, and so one-sided decision; i. e., all for England and nothing for the
again and again and again and again, and our great-grandchildren
celebrating in 2013 t h e second centenary of t h e Pilgrims, will have United States.
cause to bless their fathers t h a t they founded this society and kept Mr. Choate then makes his most extraordinary statement,
the world on t h e right track. upon which every Member of Congress and the people of
Now, gentlemen, I have read to you t h e various messages t h a t this Nation should ponder—particularly in view of the hap-
we have received from our very e m i n e n t friends across t h e water penings since 1912:
and at Washington, and we did hope to have with us t o n i g h t His
Excellency t h e British Ambassador, b u t I suspect t h a t he h a s Now t h e people of t h i s country are n o t going to allow anybody—
eaten as many dinners as he could stand—his secretary nods any Congress, any government, a n y President—to break t h e good
assent—and no m a n can stand t h e public dinner every night. I faith which t h e y have pledged to t h e mother country.
was never able to do it myself. And so we have t h e pleasure of In making this statement, Mr. Choate takes the position
welcoming here t o n i g h t as t h e representative of Mr. Bryce, t h e
British Ambassador, t h e counselor—I call him counselor—I do n o t that Great Britain or England is our mother country; the
know whether he exactly likes to be called counselor, for they same position that was taken by Cecil Rhodes over 50 years
might t h i n k he is a counselor-at-law, instead of, as he is in fact ago and by Andrew Carnegie in 1893, when he wrote a book
t h e first secretary of t h e British Embassy, and I call upon h i m entitled, "Triumphant Democracy."
to give us his message from Mr. Bryce. I have t h e pleasure of
presenting to you Mr. Mitchell Innes, Counselor of t h e British I want you to note particularly that this was in 1913, and
Embassy at Washington. that 1913 was the very year we changed our Government
263553—19504
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 5
from a republic to a semidemocracy; the year in which It was n o t only a magnificent exhibition of political capacity and
we destroyed constitutional government, international se- political power, b u t it might w e l l be an example to other peoples on
this earth, facing problems such as those which are before mankind
curity, and paved the road for us to become a colony of the today, to forget their superficial and often artificial differences and
British Empire. It was also the same year in which we, by to u n i t e all their power and all their patriotism to solve their great
adopting the Federal Reserve Act, placed our Treasury under problems solely in t h e interests of t h e nation a n d of t h e world.
Great Britain h a s shown t h a t it can be done.
the control and domination of the Bank of England and the
I recall t h a t a year ago it occurred to me to say something on
international banking groups that are now financing the t h i s occasion of t h e movement going on to bring into existence a
British-Israel movement in the United States. It was also British commonwealth of nations, a new form of political organ-
the year preceding the World War; a war in which we be- ization to take t h e place of t h e centuries-old organization of t h e
came involved, as everyone knows, in 1917, but what every- British Empire. I invited your a t t e n t i o n to t h e fact t h a t t h a t
movement was going forward, more Anglicana, informally, quietly,
one does not know is that we were committed to this war in illogically, u n d e r t h e pressure of opportunity in events and without
1910, and were to all intents and purposes in the war in any formal or public a n n o u n c e m e n t . During t h e year, however,
1914, when J. P. Morgan & Co. began to finance the Triple w i t h o u t t h e world paying m u c h a t t e n t i o n , and hardly noticed in
these United States, t h a t movement, which has been under way for
Entente. This statement is borne out by Mr. J. P. Morgan's t h e better part of a generation, came to its climax and has now
own testimony before the Senate committee investigating been formally written i n t o t h e public law of Great Britain.
the munitions industry. I hold in my h a n d t h e few printed pages which constitute t h e
Mr. Choate was, therefore, right, because nothing has State of Westminster, 1931 (see appendix 2 ) , beyond question
stopped, not even Congress, the destruction of this Republic t h e most i m p o r t a n t act in public law since t h e ratification of t h e
Constitution of t h e United States. This statute, covering b u t three
and its gradual incorporation into the British Empire or four printed pages, contains three specific provisions which are
through the efforts of the many subversive and pro-English its essence and which I should like to emphasize.
groups, led and directed, as I have said, by the British- First, what is to be a dominion?
Israel movement. The expression "dominion" is to mean t h e Dominion of Canada,
t h e Commonwealth of Australia, t h e Dominion of New Zealand,
Let me now quote a message sent by George T. Wilson, t h e Union of South Africa, t h e Irish Free State, and Newfoundland,
chairman of the American Pilgrims, to his brother Pilgrims six dominions in all.
in London, when they celebrated our entry into the World W h a t is to be t h e relation of local self-government in each of
War. This message states the real hopes and the purpose those dominions to t h e British P a r l i a m e n t ? The S t a t u t e of West-
minster reads:
of the Pilgrims: "No law and no provision of any law made after t h e commence-
Sir HARRY E. BRITTAIN, m e n t of this act by t h e parliament of a dominion shall be void or
Chairman (London) : inoperative on t h e ground t h a t it is r e p u g n a n t to t h e law of Eng-
I should like to read two cables which have arrived within land, or to t h e provisions of any existing or future act of Parlia-
t h e last few m i n u t e s from New York. T h e first is from o u r m e n t of t h e United Kingdom or to any order, rule, or regulation
good friends and fellow members, t h e Pilgrims of America, a n d made under any such act, and t h e powers of t h e parliament of
it reads as follows: t h e dominion shall include t h e power to repeal or amend any such
"At last t h e Union J a c k and t h e Stars and Stripes are nailed act, order, rule, or regulation insofar as t h e same is p a r t of t h e law
to t h e same staff n o t to come down u n t i l t h e Job is done. Our of t h e dominion."
boys in k h a k i are anxious to r u b shoulders with yours in France In other words, absolute legislative self-control is devolved by
and share your struggle and your t r i u m p h in freedom's cause. t h e Parliament of Great Britain, where t h a t control has rested
The Pilgrims' dream of 15 years at length h a s come to pass. . for 800 years, upon t h e parliaments respectively of t h e six Domin-
(Signed) George T. Wilson, C h a i r m a n . " (Loud cheers.] ions.
What certainty and security have these dominions t h a t their
I shall now quote a speech delivered by Nicholas Murray local self-government shall be p e r m a n e n t and complete?
Butler, to a meeting of the Pilgrims to New York, in 1934: T h e S t a t u t e of Westminster r e a d s :
"No act of Parliament of t h e United Kingdom passed after t h e
ANNUAL PILGRIM M E E T I N G , 1 9 3 4 commencement of this act shall extend, or be deemed to extend,
President BUTLER. YOU have before you t h e report of your com- to a Dominion as part of t h e law of t h a t Dominion unless it is
mittee on nominations proposing t h e n a m e s of seven gentlemen expressly declared in t h a t act t h a t t h a t Dominion has requested,
for election to t h e executive committee, their t e r m s to expire in t h e a n d consented to, t h e e n a c t m e n t thereof."
year 1935. Are there other nominations? Those three brief paragraphs, I repeat, are t h e most important
Mr. CHARLES H. WARREN. I move t h a t the secretary cast one ballot contribution to t h e public law of t h e world made since t h e r a t i -
for t h e names mentioned in t h e report of t h e n o m i n a t i n g committee. fication of t h e Constitution of t h e United States. They intro-
T h e motion was seconded. duce i n t o t h e government of m a n k i n d a new form of federal rela-
President BUTLER. It has been regularly moved and seconded t h a t tionship, n o t a federal relationship such as exists between our
t h e secretary be instructed to cast one ballot for t h e names m e n - own States and t h e Federal Government, b u t a federal relation-
tioned in t h e report of t h e n o m i n a t i n g committee. This requires a ship which consists in loyalty and devotion to a person who is t h e
u n a n i m o u s vote. So many as are in favor will please say "aye"; symbol of unity; b u t t h e legislation power is as multiform as t h e
contrary-minded, "nay," if any. T h e vote being u n a n i m o u s , t h e Dominions. T h e British people consciously, after 25 years of dis-
secretary is so empowered. cussion and experimentation, have formulated this great statute,
Secretary C H U R C H . Mr. President, I r e p o r t I have so cast a ballot. enacted it into law w i t h o u t dissent, a n d have started t h i s new
President BUTLER. T h e secretary reports t h a t he has cast a ballot ship of s t a t e o u t on t h e sea of h u m a n political experience. I s u b -
for t h e gentlemen named in t h e report of t h e n o m i n a t i n g c o m m i t - mit, my fellow pilgrims, t h a t t h a t is so s t u p e n d o u s a happening
tee. Therefore. Mr. Burleigh, Mr. Darrell, Mr. Demorest, Mr Lamont, a n d so amazing an achievement t h a t we would do well to pause
Mr. Noble, Mr Satterlee, and Mr. Shields are elected to t h e executive for a m o m e n t to remark u p o n it. Let me say two things about it
committee, terms to expire in 1935. in addition, and you will pardon a word of personal reminiscence.
Fellow pilgrims, let me first recall to m i n d t h e fact t h a t Sunday In J u n e and J u l y 1921 t h e Imperial Conference was sitting in
was t h e one h u n d r e d t h anniversary of t h e b i r t h of t h a t distinguished London, and t h e sort of question which underlay this movement
and beloved American, linked with Great Britain, who served so was uppermost in t h e m i n d s of t h e conferees. There were other
long as our president, Joseph H. Choate. In t h e presence of t h a t delegates to t h e conference, b u t t h e Prime Ministers of t h e sev-
anniversary and in your presence, I salute h i s memory a n d bear t r i b - eral Dominions as now defined a n d t h e Prime Minister in the
u t e to t h e service which his years on e a r t h rendered to t h e great Government of G r e a t Britain itself were, of course, t h e leading
cause which we have so m u c h at h e a r t . personalities. Mr. Lloyd George was Prime Minister. He did me
t h e honor to ask me to come to Chequers for t h e week end to
There have been happenings in t h e year 1931 so grave, so far meet these gentlemen a n d to hear t h e m discuss t h e problem of
reaching in their importance, and so massive in their historic inter- t h e possibility of a British Commonwealth of Nations.
est t h a t it is no slight task to m a k e choice among t h e m of those of
which it is permissible to speak in your presence for a few m o m e n t s They spent t h e whole of Saturday, and Saturday evening, and
this afternoon. Let me first, however, pay t r i b u t e to t h a t splendid all of Sunday u n t i l l u n c h e o n u n d e r t h e trees a n d in t h e library
spirit of t h e British people which in t i m e of storm and stress, of at Chequers discussing informally and familiarly and with pro-
national embarrassment and portending danger, enabled t h e m , in found knowledge a n d t h a t grasp which only comes from ex-
accordance with the best ideals of t h e race, to p u t aside a n d behind perience, t h e problems t h a t were before t h e m . There was t h e
all partisan differences and all prejudices of p a r t y affiliation a n d P r i m e Minister of Canada, Mr. Meighen. There was General
to u n i t e in t h a t most impressive demonstration which they gave at S m u t s from t h e Union of S o u t h Africa. There was t h e Prime
t h e last general election. T h a t spirit was voiced by Mr. Snowden on Minister of Australia, Mr. Hughes. There was t h e Prime Minister
t h e floor of t h e House of Commons in t h e stirring words which he of New Zealand. Mr. Massey, and there were two representatives
quoted from Swinburne's famous o d e : from t h e Government of India, t h e Maharajah of Cutch and Mr.
"Come t h e world against her, Srinivasa Sastri of Madras.
England yet shall s t a n d ! " It was my privilege a n d good fortune to be questioned by these
[Applause.] gentlemen as to t h e working of o u r own Federal system. In
263553—19504
6 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
particular, they wished illustrations of w h a t h a p p e n e d when t h e r e which h a s gone o u t for 500 years a n d p u t its h a n d on the
was conflict of a u t h o r i t y a n d of jurisdiction. They pointed o u t d i s t a n t places of t h e e a r t h for t h e i r e n r i c h m e n t , their better-
t h a t we had in our great cities officers of t h e Federal Government. m e n t , a n d their increasing civilization. Other proud and powerful
How did they operate w i t h o u t inducing conflict of a u t h o r i t y a n d and ambitious n a t i o n s will find ways a n d means, w i t h o u t losing
feeling with t h e S t a t e and municipal officials? How were these t h e i r independence, t h e i r self-control, or limiting their pride, to
almost invisible lines of administrative power kept from overlap- bring themselves i n t o new economic u n i t s for cooperation, en-
ping and from friction? What was t h e function of t h e courts? richment, a n d t h e benefit a n d satisfaction of all their peoples.
What t h e limit, if a n y , of their authority? I assure you it was no This principle of International cooperation, in one form or a n -
small pleasure and pride to be able to answer questions to t h a t dis- other, whether it be our form, w h e t h e r it be t h e British form,
tinguished and influential group as to how a different form of or whether it be t h e forms which are slowly coming on t h e conti-
t h e federal principle bad been operating for more t h a n a c e n t u r y n e n t of Europe, t h a t is t h e principle which we m a y look forward
and a half in t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s . to as guiding a n d shaping t h e life of t h e world for t h e next
Finally, when t h e luncheon h o u r c a m e o n S u n d a y , a n d these century- or more. B u t as we Pilgrims look particularly at our
informal discussions were b r o u g h t to an end, Mr. Lloyd Green t u r n e d own field of historic interest a n d affection, surely we m a y in t h e
t h e conversation i n t o lighter vein a n d called a t t e n t i o n t o t h e fact d a r k year of 1S31 t a k e profound pride a n d satisfaction in remark-
t h a t it was f o r t u n a t e indeed t h a t t h e i r m i n d s were meeting, ing t h e significance, t h e far-reaching importance, of t h i s S t a t u t e
t h a t the words British Commonwealth of Nations were beginning of Westminster a n d t h e prophecy of it by o u r own nation-
to be used by t h e m , a n d t h a t t h e day was S u n d a y . A benediction, builders in J u l y 1775.
as it were, upon their efforts! T h e audience arose a n d applauded.
"Yes," I said, "Mr. Prime Minister, b u t if you will pardon an
American, t h e r e is something more i m p o r t a n t t h a n t h a t . T o - Mr. Speaker, I have included Mr. Butler's address, in
morrow will be the Fourth of July." [Laughter.] order to show how far we have drifted toward this British
By pure accident they h a d b r o u g h t their discussion of t h e r e - union. In this speech, you will note he brings out the fact
organization of t h e British Empire a n d its Dominions to a con- that the olive branch petition has now been adopted by
clusion at t h e anniversary of t h e Declaration of Independence
(laughter), surely an interesting coincidence. England and extended to her colonies. He further inti-
One thing more. We do n o t realize, my fellow Pilgrims, t h e mates that in view of this adoption, it is now in order for
foresight of our own fathers, how far those nation-builders saw us to Join the British Empire. He makes the further state-
into t h e future, a n d what an amazing grasp they h a d upon t h e
fundamentals of political life a n d social organization. I sometimes ment that this movement has gone Anglican, or more
t h i n k we are in t h e h a b i t of t a k i n g t h e m too m u c h for granted. English, which is quite true, for we are just about on the
There is on exhibition in this city today one of t h e two existing verge of capitulating to the forces which are driving us
signed copies (the other being in t h e Record Office in London) of a into the British Empire. To show this, let me quote:
document which in American history s t a n d s in importance a n d
significance side by side with t h e Declaration of Independence i t - T h a t petition was presented to King George I I I in July
self, and probably n o t one American in a million h a s ever h e a r d of 1775, over t h e signatures of 46 members of t h e Continental
its existence. T h a t Is t h e paper which J o h n Adams called t h e Congress, praying for precisely t h e relationship which t h e S t a t u t e
Olive Branch Petition. (See Appendix.) T h a t petition was p r e - of Westminster h a s w r i t t e n into public law, t h e public law of
sented to King George III in July 1775, over t h e signatures England, for t h e Dominions. • • •
of 46 Members of t h e Continental Congress, praying for p r e - I recall t h a t a year ago it occurred to me to say something on
cisely t h e relationship which t h e s t a t u t e of Westminster h a s t h i s occasion of t h e movement going on to bring into existence a
written into public law, t h e public law of England, for t h e Do- British Commonwealth of Nations, a new form of political
minions. And who signed it? The first n a m e is t h e n a m e which organization to take t h e place of t h e centuries-old organization
stands at t h e head of t h e signers of t h e Declaration of I n d e - of t h e British Empire. I invited your a t t e n t i o n to t h e fact t h a t
pendence a year later, J o h n Hancock. Among t h e 46 n a m e s are t h a t movement was going forward, more Anglican, informally,
those of Samuel Adams, J o h n Adams, Roger Sherman, J o h n Jay, quietly, illogically, u n d e r t h e pressure of opportunity in events
Benjamin Franklin, J a m e s Wilson, Patrick Henry, Richard Henry and w i t h o u t any formal or public a n n o u n c e m e n t . During t h e
Lee, and Thomas Jefferson. Washington did n o t sign because he year, however, w i t h o u t t h e world paying m u c h attention, and
was in command of t h e troops in Massachusetts, a n d t h e Congress hardly noticed in these United States, t h a t movement, which has
was meeting in Philadelphia. Lexington, Concord, a n d Bunker been Under way for t h e better p a r t of a generation, came to its
Hill had been fought. And this very proposal, which 160 years climax a n d h a s now been formally w r i t t e n i n t o t h e public law of
afterward has been worked o u t in t h e life of t h e British peoples, Great Britain.
were presented to t h e m by t h e signers of t h e Declaration of I n -
dependence a year before they signed t h a t Declaration as t h e
alternative step. It is one of t h e most extraordinary things in t h e
history of government, and we pay little or no a t t e n t i o n to it. Steps Toward British Union, a World State, and
W h a t happened? T h e Olive Branch Petition was s e n t to England International Strife—Part III
by t h e h a n d s of William Penn's grandson. He was to take it to
t h e Government. For weeks he could n o t be received. Finally he
was received, n o t by his Majesty, b u t by t h e Colonial Office, a n d REMARKS
was t h e n told t h a t inasmuch as t h e petition had not been received of
on the throne, no answer would be given. As J o h n Adams had said,
"We have t h e olive b r a n c h in one h a n d a n d t h e sword in t h e other."
When t h e olive b r a n c h was rejected, recourse was h a d to t h e
HON. J. THORKELSON
sword, and these very same men in 12 m o n t h s signed t h e Declara- OF MONTANA
tion of Independence a n d history took its course. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
It is one of t h e most astounding t h i n g s in t h e history of
government t h a t these m e n off in t h i s d i s t a n t series of colonies, Tuesday, August 20, 1940
economically in their infancy, financially helpless and dependent,
had t h e vision of organization which h a s come now to all t h e PAMPHLET BY JOHN J. WHITEFORD
British peoples, and for which surely every Pilgrim wishes t h e very
greatest possible measure of success. [Applause.]
So it is, gentlemen, in t h e history of our race. Ideas, how Mr. THORKELSON. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend
slowly they travel, arguments, how slowly they are apprehended; my own remarks in the RECORD, I include a pamphlet by John
action, how slowly it follows upon conviction ! To be sure, as J. Whiteford. This pamphlet should be of interest to every
we look back we can see t h a t these 46 members of t h e Continental Member of Congress because it deals with a subject that
Congress were in advance of t h e opinion of t h e world. British
opinion could n o t at t h a t time have accepted t h a t course of will soon confront us, as it did in 1917:
action. They could n o t t h i n k in t e r m s of a p a r l i a m e n t whose SIR UNCLE SAM, K N I G H T or THE BRITISH EMPIRE
legislative a u t h o r i t y ended at t h e island shores. Therefore, revo- (By J o h n J. Whiteford)
lution, Independence, separate nationhood, were of t h e essence of
t h e great undertaking, and so they happened. B u t in t h e inter- In these days of n a t i o n a l a n d International confusion and con-
vening years a lesson h a s been learned by all, by t h e Motherland flict t h e r e is one issue on which t h e American people are substantially
and its captains of t h e mind, by t h e Dominions and those who in agreement—We do n o t w a n t war.
speak their voice, and now with great fortune a n d wisdom they This great desire to keep o u t of war is perfectly logical. We know
have in t h e S t a t u t e of Westminster written into t h e public law t h e cost of war from bitter experience. We are no more responsible
t h e principles of t h e Olive Branch Petition of 1775. [Applause.] for t h e outbreak of t h e present hostilities t h a n we were in 1914.
Let me only add t h a t t h i s great principle of federation of one We are n o t an aggressor n a t i o n and we have no designs on foreign
kind or another is t h e principle which is to m a r k t h e life of territory. We have n o t h i n g to gain and m u c h to lose if we again
nations in t h e days t h a t are to come. Those t h a t are of like race take p a r t in foreign wars. We have enough vital problems at home
and faith, t h a t have similar economic h a b i t s and interests, t h a t t h a t require all of our a t t e n t i o n a n d efforts. When a n d if t h e time
have a common language, they will t e n d more a n d more to group should ever arrive, we shall be fully able and willing to defend our
themselves into u n i t s as o u r United S t a t e s of America have done. shores against foreign invasion.
The British Commonwealth of Nations will, perhaps, be t h e only There are, indeed, a t h o u s a n d - a n d - o n e good reasons why we
one of its type because Great Britain is t h e only far-flung empire should stay o u t of foreign wars.
263553—19504
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 7
With all t h e self-evident advantages of peace for America as It seems to me t h a t t h e answer to t h e above question is defi-
against t h e horrors of war in Europe a n d Asia, a n d with an over- n i t e a n d indisputable—Britain cannot win a major war in Europe
whelming majority of our people against war, t h e r e still r e m a i n s and Asia w i t h o u t t h e active assistance of t h e most powerful of all
t h e ominous fact t h a t t h e r e is a definite danger of t h i s c o u n t r y nations, t h e United States. In their own interest t h e people of this
drifting toward war. Even as in 1914, we are again being deluged country will have to make up their minds, soon and soberly and
and directed by foreign propaganda, only to a m u c h larger extent. w i t h o u t being influenced by u n d u e sentiment, whether America
Again we have no clear u n d e r s t a n d i n g of t h e real issues involved. shall c o n t i n u e to gamble with h e r youth and her treasure to help
In our confusion we are again t a k i n g sides, mentally so far, b u t defend t h e British Empire in every new crisis, or whether there are
t h a t is a ripe condition for expert foreign propagandists to lead saner a n d better ways of insuring t h e peace of t h e world.
us toward active participation in t h e present conflicts. Today t h e greatest single menace to t h e peace of t h e United
I would like to say to every American, "There is only one side States is t h e same as in 1914. It can be s u m m e d up in one word—
we can take, and t h a t is t h e American side." W i t h t h i s in mind, propaganda. Even as today, t h i s country was neutral at t h e
let us try to find o u t what are t h e real facts behind these foreign- beginning of t h e World War and managed to stay o u t of It from
made conflicts, w h a t are t h e basic issues at stake, and w h a t are 1914 u n t i l 1917. B u t during t h a t time t h e foreign propaganda
t h e forces t h a t are so desperately working to again involve t h e machines were working overtime to get us involved in a war t h a t
United States in a world war. Only by facing facts and by clearing was decidedly n o t of our making. Finally, on April 6, 1917, Amer-
our minds from t h e fog of selfish foreign propaganda can we arrive ica declared war on Germany and so became an active ally of
at t h e right answer to t h e question, " W h a t is best for America?" Britain. In addition to t h e United States, t h e other allies
For all our so-called civilization, t h e impelling force behind the were Belgium, Brazil, China, Cuba, France, Greece, Guatemala,
present struggles in Europe and in Asia is still t h e law of t h e Haiti, Honduras, Italy, J a p a n , Nicaragua, Panama, Portugal, R u -
Jungle—the survival of t h e fittest. Whether we like to a d m i t it or mania, Russia, Serbia, and Slam. It is true t h a t some of t h e
not, t h a t same force guided t h e early settlers of New England and Allies, like t h e United States, were active only during p a r t of
Virginia when they had to fight for their very existence in a strange t h e war period while others were little more t h a n benevolent
and hostile land where they were n o t invited. In t h e conquest of bystanders. B u t against t h i s powerful combination t h e group
this new c o n t i n e n t our forefathers proved themselves t h e strong- of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria held out
est—the fittest—and t h e original owners, t h e Indians, lost. Only for more t h a n 4 years, from August 1914 u n t i l November 1918.
by t h e process of applying their superior fitness could our ancestors and t h e G e r m a n group m i g h t have won t h e war b u t for the
have built themselves a new home, gained their Independence, a n d e n t r a n c e of America into t h e conflict.
created a rich and powerful nation. We, as their descendants, In t h e present crisis t h e only active allies of Britain are, so
stand ready to defend our country with all o u r m i g h t if ever t h e far, t h e British Empire u n i t s a n d France. If t h e conflict should
time should come when we are called upon to show our fitness to spread into another world war Britain c a n n o t again c o u n t on her
"have and to hold" what we have gained. former combination of allies; in fact, it is more t h a n likely t h a t
The struggle of t h e building of America is only one example of some of these countries will be lined up against her. Therefore,
t h e struggle of m a n k i n d since t h e beginning. The greatest exam- t h e most powerful ally of all, t h e United States, m u s t be kept in
ple of all time is t h e building of t h e greatest empire in history— line by Britain against eventualities. T h a t can only be accom-
the British Empire—covering roughly one-fourth of t h e world's plished t h r o u g h propaganda. And t h e British are past masters
land surface and inhabited by a quarter of t h e world's population. in t h e a r t of making gullible Americans swallow t h e bait of
When we speak of t h e British Empire we m u s t bear in mind a persuasive propaganda.
m u c h larger picture t h a n Just 13,300,000 square miles of l a n d a n d Few Americans realize t h e m a g n i t u d e of British influence in this
600,000,000 people. It is a huge international i n s t i t u t i o n of world country. When I write frankly on t h i s subject I fully understand
production, consumption, and distribution, with all t h e related t h a t I lay myself open to t h e accusation of favoring Britain's
activities of commerce, finance, shipping, industry, and so forth. enemies. T h a t is n o t at all t h e case. I am only following t h e
This vast u n d e r t a k i n g is not limited to t h e geographical borders single track of being pro-American, and I would be grateful to
of the Empire. I t s influence extends to every p a r t of t h e globe, any critics if they would Join me on t h a t straight road. I clearly
from Hong Kong to Durbin, from Gibraltar to Cairo, from Singapore see t h e menace of all subversive movements, as well as t h e great
to Aden, from Melbourne to Montreal, from Bombay to Bermuda, necessity of combating all these un-American activities. The point
from London everywhere. is t h a t , in our Justified agitation over communism, nazi-ism, and
The very vastness of t h e British Empire a n d its operations con- fascism, we are overlooking another subversive movement t h a t has
stitutes a constant danger to itself and to t h e peace of t h e world. actually proven to be more destructive to our peace and welfare.
Whenever any other nation feels t h e urge to expand, for whatever In the past it has been largely responsible for drawing this country
reasons a n d in whatever direction, it automatically comes in con- i n t o t h e World War at a cost of t h o u s a n d s of our young men and
flict with t h e broad interests of t h e British Empire. billions of dollars and a long period of depression. It does not
In t h e Orient the Sino-Japanese conflict is n o t only a local work openly and it is n o t generally recognized by t h e public. It
m a t t e r between China and J a p a n . It is in reality a t h r e a t to does n o t yell from soap boxes in Union Square, call strikes, picket,
British interests in China; to British "concessions" in China; to or hold parades. It operates from t h e top down and so it reaches
t h e huge British investments in China; to British control of into every s t r a t u m of American life. It is t h e far-reaching power of
Chinese railways a n d revenues; to British t r a d e a n d shipping a n d British propaganda to make t h i s country subservient to t h e inter-
even to t h e British port of Hong Kong in China It is a blow to ests of Great Britain and t h e British Empire.
British prestige and power in t h e Orient, with repercussions T h e scene is a b a n q u e t held at t h e Hotel Plaza, New York City,
t h r o u g h o u t t h e world. It is actually a challenge to t h e British October 25, 1939. This b a n q u e t was given by t h e Pilgrim Society of
Empire. It brought from Britain a cry of outraged Justice while America in honor of t h e Marquess of Lothian, British Ambassador
at t h e same time she tried to deposit t h e Sino-Japanese problem to t h e United States. It is an old custom of t h e American Pilgrims
into t h e lap of t h e United S t a t e s to extend t h i s honor to every newly appointed British Ambassador,
When Italy marched into Ethiopia, Britain again became highly t h e same as t h e British Pilgrims invite every new American Am-
indignant. This was not because of a profound love for t h e Ethio- bassador to their midst at a b a n q u e t in London.
pians nor because Ethiopia m i g h t bring Italy great wealth. If There are several curious things a b o u t these Pilgrim functions.
Ethiopia had really been very valuable, t h a t c o u n t r y could have In t h e first place there is present at these dinners an array of n o t a -
been, and probably would have been, annexed to t h e British Empire bles such as it would be difficult to bring together u n d e r one roof
long ago. The real reason for Britain's agitation was t h e fact t h a t for any other purpose a n d by any other society. T h e Lothian d i n -
Italy dared challenge British power in t h e Mediterranean a n d ner was no exception. Presiding over t h i s affair was Dr. Nicholas
endanger British control of t h e vital Suez Canal regions. Murray Butler, president of Columbia University, and chairman of
The Treaty of Versailles was in reality an i n s t r u m e n t for t h e t h e American Pilgrim Society. Among t h e guests were J o h n D.
p e r m a n e n t elimination of Germany as a world competitor of Great Rockefeller and J. P. Morgan, T h o m a s W. L a m o n t and other m e m -
Britain. For years after its signing t h e Germany people chafed bers of t h e House of Morgan, F r a n k L. Polk, Jeremiah Milbank,
under this yoke, to t h e point where, defeated a n d discouraged, Ger- J a m e s W. Gerard (former American ambassador to G e r m a n y ) , t h e
many became dangerously close to becoming a c o m m u n i s t soviet French Ambassador to t h e United States, Lt. Gen. Hugh A. Drum,
republic. Gradually German leadership took hold and pulled t h e U. S. A., Maj. Gen. J o h n G. Harbord (chairman of t h e Radio Cor-
people out of their spirit of defeatism and, as t h e p e n d u l u m swings, poration of America), t h e Secretary of t h e Treasury, Henry Mor-
so h a s Germany again become a menace to G r e a t Britain. g e n t h a u , and m a n y other leading figures in government, diplo-
The great bear of Russia is also a definite t h r e a t to t h e British macy, politics, finance, banking, shipping, law, industry, Insurance,
Empire, with its communistic paws uncomfortably close to t h e and education. These m e n h a d come especially to honor Lord
Balkan and Suez Canal countries, to India and Burma, a n d Lothian and to hear h i m speak. Before this i m p o r t a n t audience
already resting heavily upon a large section of China. Lord Lothian's speech could n o t merely be a light after-dinner talk
Today, denuded of all propaganda, t h e r e is only one f u n d a m e n t a l of clever stories a n d witticisms. It was an i m p o r t a n t speech and
issue behind all t h e conflict in Europe and Asia—the survival of t h e as such it was carried by t h e New York Times as front-page news.
British Empire. T h a t was also t h e real issue of t h e World War. It As a highly experienced publicist, Lord Lothian opened his remarks
is the old challenge of Napoleon. with t h e naive statement t h a t his country has no propaganda in
The most i m p o r t a n t international question before t h e people of America; t h a t he would merely explain his country's position. The
this country and of t h e world is whether Great Britain can c o n t i n u e "explanation of his country's position" developed into the same old
indefinitely to defend herself and her empire against all comers, t h e m e of most British statesmen, writers, lecturers, publicists, and
singly or in combination, and prove her fitness to "have a n d to hold" other trumpeters for Anglo-American unity. It can be summed up
her d o m i n a n t world position. Therein also lies t h e key to t h e in one stereotyped formula: "For your own good and for t h e good
problem whether America may or may n o t again be drawn i n t o a of t h e world, these two great democracies, the British Empire and
world war. t h e United States, m u s t stick together." W h a t t h i s plea to America
263553—19504
8 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
really a m o u n t s to is t h i s : "We have the largest empire in t h e world. diplomacy, in finance, in banking, in education, in t h e church, in
Never mind how we got it. The trouble is t h a t we may n o t be able literature, in publishing, in commerce, in industry, in shipping,
to hang on to it much longer. America is rich a n d powerful a n d and in practically all o t h e r i m p o r t a n t fields of national a n d inter-
wants no more additional territory. You should help us o u t w h e n - national activities.
ever we get into trouble so t h a t we can continue to enjoy what we T h e president of t h e British Pilgrims is His Royal Highness, t h e
have." Duke of Connaught, great uncle of t h e present King. As vice presi-
Lord Lothian practically confirmed t h a t message when he wrote dents are listed: T h e Most Reverend His Grace t h e Lord Archbishop
in Foreign Affairs, 1936: of Canterbury: t h e Right Honorable Viscount Hallsham, P. C; t h e
' T h e situation of t h e last century cannot be re-created by Great Lord Desbrough, K. G., G. C. V. O.; Sir Harry B. Brlttain, K. C,
Britain alone. She is n o t strong enough. But t h e United States, L. L. B., O. O. C. T h e m e m b e r s h i p of t h e British Pilgrims reads like
the South American republics, and t h e nations of t h e modern Brit- an Index to British leadership.
ish Commonwealth could together re-create it. * * * They also T h e president of t h e Americans Pilgrims is Dr. Nicholas Murray
are both democratic and territorially satisfied * * *." Butler, president of Columbia University. Dr. Butler has worked
And t h e morning after t h e Pilgrim dinner a front-page headline long a n d faithfully w i t h t h e British. A United Press dispatch
in t h e New York Times read: "Lothian asks unity in democratic from London, December 6, 1939, s t a t e d : "In t h e 1940 edition of t h e
aims." British Who's Who, appearing today, t h e longest biography is t h a t
There is something magnetic a b o u t the word "democratic." It of Nicholas Murray Butler, president of Columbia University, who
is very dear to Americans and it m e a n s m u c h to t h e m . Once they occupies more t h a n a column and a half of small print—the
even went to war • • • "to make the world safe for democ- equivalent of t h e combined biographies of Mussolini, Hitler, Prime
racy." They may again be fooled by an appeal to democracy. Minister Chamberlain, and President Roosevelt."
Knowing this, it has become a valuable vehicle for foreign propa- Vice presidents of t h e New York Pilgrims are:
gandists, and its real meaning is lost sight of in t h e confusion. T h e Herbert L. Satterlee (brother-in-law of J. P. Morgan), James
Communist Party of America, for instance, has officially adopted W. Gerard.. G. C. B. (former American Ambassador to G e r m a n y ) ,
democracy in its constitution, in its literature, in speeches, and t h e Right Reverend J a m e s DeWolf Perry, Ellhu Root (deceased).
generally as an appealing propaganda a t t r a c t i o n in selling their The executive committee of t h e New York Pilgrims consists of:
un-American Ideology to the American people. * * * All d e m - Thomas W. Lamont, Franklin Q. Brown. George W. Burleigh, J o h n
ocratic workers m u s t stick together. It is a favorate t h e m e with H. Finley. Frederic R. Coudert. Edward F. Darrell, James G.
the radical labor wing. Harbord, K. C. M. G., D. S. M., Theodore Hetzler, the Right Reverend
And now we witness the weird spectacle of titled British visitors, William T. Manning, Gates W. McGarrah, Bryce Metcalf, Frank L.
from ambassadors to platform lecturers, using t h e same tactics in Polk. William Shields, Myron C. Taylor, Harry Edwin Ward,
selling their story. * * * We great democracies m u s t stand Charles S. Whitman, Owen D. Young.
together. As honorary members of t h e New York Pilgrims are listed:
What kind of democracy are we asked to adopt and to defend? H. R. H. t h e Prince of Wales, K. G.. H. R. H., t h e Duke of York, K. G.,
The un-American brand of Marx, of Engels, of Lenin, of Stalin, of t h e British Ambassador to t h e United States, His Majesty's Secretary
t h e C o m m u n i s t I n t e r n a t i o n a l . * * * Or t h e democracy of of S t a t e for Foreign Affairs, t h e Secretary of State of the United
imperialistic Britain, of India, of Ceylon, of Burma, or Hong Kong, States, t h e British Consul General in New York City.
of Africa? * * * The democracy of t h e soap-box orators of
Union Square, or t h e democracy of t h e Pilgrim b a n q u e t s at t h e A few prominent Pilgrim members, past and present, are listed
best hotels of London and New York? below: J. P. Morgan, Russel Leffingwell, Henry P. Davison, John W.
Davis, J o h n D. Rockefeller. Percy Rockefeller, Ogden Mills Reid,
Or shall we stand by our own conception of democracy, safe u n d e r Henry Morgenthau. Otto K a h n , Robert Fulton Cutting, James B.
t h e Constitution and t h e Bill of Rights, which still give us far more Clews, J o h n B. Trevor. William Fellowes Morgan, Henry W. Taft,
genuine personal liberty and opportunity t h a n any other people in Adolph Ochs, James Speyer, Charles H. Sabin, Sir Ashley Sparks,
any other country of t h e world? If so, let us not forget t h a t today, George F. Trowbridge. Philip Rhinelander, Andrew W. Mellon. Albert
more t h a n ever, t h e price of our liberty is eternal vigilance. H. Wiggin. J. W. Hill, J o h n F. O'Ryan, Frank L. Polk, George R.
We m u s t keep the bright spotlight of public opinion on all u n - Goethals, J u l i u s Ochs Adler, Alfred L. Aiken, Herbert L. Aldrich,
der-cover and un-American activities so t h a t we may learn t h e t r u t h J o h n Whitney, W. B. Whitney. Cornelius Vanderbilt. Vincent Astor,
and act accordingly. And we are entitled to know what t h e Pilgrim J u l i u s S. Bache, Robert Low Bacon, Ancell H. Ball. David H. Biddle,
Society is, what it stands for, and who these powerful Pilgrims are Robert W. Bigelow, Irving T. Bush, Newcomb Carlton, Joseph H.
t h a t can call out t h e great to hear a British Ambassador expound to Choate, William M. Chadbourne, Walter P. Chrysler, Thomas W.
Americans the virtues of a united democratic front. Lamont. George F. Baker, John Bassett Moore, Dwight W. Morrow,
The Pilgrim Society originated in London, July 11, 1902, as an George W. Wickersham, J o h n George Milburn, Mortimer L. Schiff,
Anglo-American club of i m p o r t a n t Englishmen and Americans. An Paul M. Warburg. Paul Outerbridge, Ivy Lee, Chauncey Depew,
American branch was formed J a n u a r y 13, 1903. at the old Waldorf- Charles M. Schwab, Frederic R. Coudert, Marshall Field, Paul D.
Astoria Hotel, New York. Both societies are commonly known as Cravath, Edward S. Harkness, Oliver Harriman, Edward L. Dodge,
The Pilgrims. Frederick H. Ecker, Harry Harkness Flagler, George L. Genung,
An extract of t h e Pilgrim c o n s t i t u t i o n reads: Walter S. Gifford, Cass Gilbert, Edwin H. Gould, Duncan William
"The object of t h e society shall be t h e promotion of t h e s e n t i m e n t Fraser, Robert Erskine Ely, Harry Alanzo Cushing, Frederick W.
of brotherhood among t h e nations, and especially t h e cultivation Budd, Henry Holt, J. G. White, Henry J o h n s o n Fisher, Edward
Herrick Childs, and William Phelps Ely.
of good fellowship between citizens of t h e United States and its
dependencies and subjects of t h e British Empire. T h e present membership in t h e American Pilgrims, and those who
"The members shall be citizens of t h e United States or its d e - have passed away, represent t h e leadership of America in many im-
pendencies or subjects of t h e British Empire, and others p r o m i n e n t p o r t a n t fields. We find a m o n g these a candidate for President of
for their sympathy with t h e objects of the society, who shall be t h e United States, a Vice President, Secretary of State, Secretary of
elected by t h e executive committee, and membership in t h e London t h e Treasury, Attorney General, Ambassadors, Solicitor General,
Pilgrims shall ipso facto constitute membership in t h e New York Senators, and Congressmen; presidents of t h e largest banks and
society and vice versa, w i t h o u t additional dues. The membership financial institutions; presidents and directors of t h e United States
shall be limited to 900. The n u m b e r may be altered by t h e executive Steel Corporation, and many other large industrial corporations; of
committee." the American Telephone & Telegraph Co.; of t h e Radio Corporation
Nothing is more needed in t h e world t h a n a " s e n t i m e n t of of America; of Insurance and shipping companies. Here are also to
brotherhood among the nations." Nowhere is t h e promotion of be found t h e members of t h e leading law firms serving these banks
t h a t sentiment more urgently and desperately needed t h a n in a n d Industries, as well as t h e interpreters of International law; edi-
Europe and in Asia. This was so even in 1902. B u t t h e group tors, publishers, and owners of America's leading newspapers; ex-
of eminent m e n who formed t h e Pilgrim Society in London did perts in publicity; social a n d financial leaders and generally t h e
not step across t h e English Channel to hold out the h a n d of group of men whose influence is capable of exerting great pressure
brotherhood to the weary nations of nearby Europe. Instead they on government and public opinion.
preferred to reach out across the Atlantic for the special purpose At t h e outbreak of t h e present hostilities in Europe, President
of cultivating "good fellowship" between leading British and Amer- Roosevelt expressed himself strongly on t h e necessity for m a i n t a i n -
ican citizens. This beautiful s e n t i m e n t rose to a climax in 1917, ing our neutrality and he promised to do all within his power to
when thousands of American good fellows crossed t h e Atlantic to keep this country o u t of war. T h a t is also the great hope and desire
fight other people's battles, and when t h e United States Treasury of t h e American people. T h e Pilgrims and Dr. Butler disagree
opened wide its purse to the Allies and lent t h e m whatever they with this.
wanted. Then, indeed, Uncle Sam became t h e good knight of t h e At a d i n n e r in New York, at t h e Biltmore Hotel, February 9,
British Empire. But when t h e battle was over—over there—and 1928, in celebration of t h e twenty-fifth anniversary of t h e Pilgrims,
when t h e same Uncle Sam timidly suggested repayment of some Dr. Butler said in a speech:
of the billions of dollars of war debts, he was immediately dubbed "Among other things t h e Great War has proved conclusively t h a t
"Uncle Shylock" by these same Allies. "Good fellowship" is difficult in a contest of those colossal proportions there were no neutrals
to define, like friendship, b u t whatever t h e definition is it should * * * if t h e world should ever again become engulfed in a n -
work both ways. other t i t a n i c struggle there would be and there could be no
Who are these good fellows t h a t are so deeply interested in neutrals."
British-American friendship and in "united democracy"? They At this particular dinner, d u r i n g which Dr. Butler expressed these
are none other t h a n t h e 900 of British-American aristocracy. They s e n t i m e n t s so contrary to t h e real hopes and wishes of t h e Ameri-
represent, as a body, t h e most powerful combination of men of can people, three telegrams were received and read to t h e celebrat-
wealth and influence on both sides of t h e Atlantic. They, t h e ing American Pilgrims. One came from t h e King of England, one
Pilgrims' membership in America and Great Britain, have included from t h e uncle of t h e King, and one from the Prince of Wales, t h e
and still include men in t h e highest position in government, in future King, now t h e Duke of Windsor.
263553—19504
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 9
The message from King George V was read by Sir Austin Cham- know America best. [Cheers.] She will persevere to t h e end, for
berlain: she knows w h a t a successful end means to the future welfare of
"The King has pleasure in congratulating t h e Pilgrims of t h e t h e world."
United States on t h e occasion of their twenty-fifth anniversary, and No one knew better t h a n Lord Bryce how much America was
His Majesty takes this opportunity of conveying to t h e m his good worth as an ally of Great Britain. With enormous British hypocrisy
wishes for the future." he made it appear t h a t America bared her strong arm to save the
The future, according to t h e Pilgrims, does n o t include neutrality. future of h u m a n i t y a n d t h e welfare of t h e world, when in reality
The message from the King's uncle, t h e Duke of Connaught, r e a d : America came to t h e assistance of only one-quarter of t h e world., the
"* * * The cause of promoting cordial friendship between our British Empire.
two g r e a t countries is one on which t h e future happiness of t h e Lord Robert Cecil was less diplomatic. Considering t h a t the Pil-
world in a great measure depends. Ever since I have been presi- grim meetings in London have almost t h e s t a t u s of official functions,
d e n t of t h e British Pilgrims I have realized to t h e full t h e success owing to t h e important attendance. Lord Cecil overstepped the limits
of t h e work carried on by t h e two societies with t h i s c o m m o n of diplomatic decency when he said at this dinner in honor of the
object in view." American Ambassador:
Here again we have t h e same old story, whether it comes from "May I add one word a b o u t t h e staff of t h e American Embassy?
an uncle of t h e King, from a British Ambassador, or from a p l a t - [Hear, hear.] Many of us have had personal relations of a very
form lecturer * * * friendship * * * two great c o u n - friendly kind with several members of t h a t staff, and they have
tries * * * common object. Here democracy was n o t m e n - always preserved t h e most accurate and correct neutrality in talking
tioned, nor t h e promotion of brotherhood among t h e nations. with us [laughter] but, somehow or another, after a conversation
The message from t h e Prince of Wales read: with an you t h e m , we went away feeling as one does, after having
"As a Pilgrim of nearly 9 years' standing, I am very glad to send received a hearty grasp of t h e h a n d from a friend and an earnest
my brother Pilgrims in New York my warmest congratulations on and heartfelt wish of Godspeed to our cause. [Cheers.]
t h e twenty-fifth anniversary of t h e club's inception in t h e United "Well, gentlemen, neutrality is no longer necessary [hear, h e a r ] ,
States. There have been m a n y changes in t h e world d u r i n g t h e and we all say t h a n k God for t h a t . " [Hear, hear.]
past quarter of a century b u t ties which u n i t e t h e Pilgrims on each Dr. Butler was right; there was no neutrality, n o t even in t h e
side of t h e Atlantic remain firm as ever * * *." American Embassy, before this country went into war. It was a
(Signed) EDWARD. Joke to Lord Cecil a n d t h e Pilgrims.
The British royal family certainly showed an extraordinary i n t e r - The guest of honor, Walter Hines Page, spoke before this Lon-
est in a group of American citizens dining in New York. Since don group of British-American notables in his capacity as United
that time tremendous changes have occurred to Edward personally, States Ambassador to Great Britain, representing t h e American
as well as to t h e world, b u t he was r i g h t in his prediction t h a t t h e Government and t h e American people. He said, In p a r t :
Pilgrim ties "remain firm as ever." "As for t h e particular aspects of this great subject with which
Since we are dining so exaltedly, let us go to London and look t h i s club has from its beginning had to do—the closer sympathy of
at a dinner at t h e Savoy Hotel, April 12, 1917, of t h e Pilgrims of t h e two branches of t h e great English-speaking peoples—next to
London "on t h e occasion of t h e entry of t h e United States Into t h e removal of t h e great menace to free government, which is
the Great War of Freedom." The guest of honor was His Ex- t h e prime purpose of t h e war, t h i s closer sympathy will be to us
cellency, t h e American Ambassador, Walter Hines Page. t h e most i m p o r t a n t result of t h e victory. It will be important
n o t only to us on each side of t h e Atlantic, b u t also to all other
The speeches at t h a t dinner gave a clear expression of t h e free nations."
"ties t h a t b i n d " t h e American Pilgrims to London a n d confirmed
Dr. Butler's conviction t h a t "there were no n e u t r a l s " in t h e World And t h e n Mr. Page made one of t h e strangest admissions t h a t
War. any diplomat could make u n d e r t h e circumstances. It is taken
Sir Harry E. Brittain, c h a i r m a n : from t h e Pilgrim records as are all these quotations.
"I should like to read two cables which have arrived within t h e "Seven years ago an admiral of our Navy, Rear Admiral Sims,
last few m i n u t e s from New York. The first is from our good who sits now at this table, declared in t h e Guildhall t h a t if ever
friends and fellow members, t h e Pilgrims of America, and it reads t h e English race were pressed h a r d for ships, every ship t h a t the
as follows: United States had would come to t h e rescue. A great prophet as
"At last t h e Union Jack and t h e Stars and Stripes are nailed to well as a great seaman, he has not been rebuked for t h a t on
t h e same staff not to come down u n t i l t h e job is done. Our boys t h i s side of t h e water. [Cheers.]
in khaki are anxious to r u b shoulders with yours in France and "For my p a r t I am stirred to t h e depths of my n a t u r e by this
share your struggle and your t r i u m p h in Freedom's cause. T h e American companionship in arms with the British and their Allies,
Pilgrims' dream of 15 years at length has come to pass. (Signed) n o t only for the quicker ending of t h e war, but. I hope, for a moral
George T. Wilson, chairman." [Loud cheers.] union which will bring a new era in International relations.
"The other message is from one who has been frequently and "My lords and gentlemen, your generous and great compliment
deservedly called t h e 'Allies' best friend in America,' t h a t very to me by making this large gathering in my honor is your way of
excellent Pilgrim, James M. Beck. His cable reads: expressing appreciation of t h e action of the Government and people
"Joyous felicitations to t h e British Pilgrims now assembled to t h a t I represent a n d of t h e President at whose high command I
celebrate unity in blood brotherhood of English-speaking races. The have t h e honor to be among you in these historic and immortal
day which Prussia did n o t w a n t has come, when t h e flags of Great days. I t h a n k you with deep emotion."
Britain, France, and the United States float together in defense of It would have been more appropriate for t h e British to thank
civilization. All hail t h e greater E n t e n t e which opens a new and Mr. Page, with or without emotion, and to show their appreciation
more resplendent chapter in t h e history of our common race. To all of America's participation in t h e great war of freedom in a more
who welcomed me so kindly last s u m m e r a cordial greeting at this substantial m a n n e r t h a n by getting together an imposing array of
great hour. (Signed) James M. Beck." (Loud and prolonged British notables for a Pilgrim dinner. It is interesting to note t h a t
cheers] (James M. Beck, prominent attorney, born in Philadelphia; among those who accepted t h e invitation of t h e Pilgrims so to
United States attorney for eastern district Pennsylvania; Assistant honor Mr. Page were none other t h a n Neville Chamberlain and
Attorney General of the United States, 1900-1903; Solicitor General Winston Churchill who are now leading another war of freedom,
of t h e United States, 1921-25; Member of Congress, 1937.) while t h e British Ambassador to Washington is leading another
campaign in this country for u n i t y of democracies.
Good fellows, these American Pilgrims, or shall we say British
colonials? In t h e n a t u r e of their exclusive membership and activities, the
The Pilgrims' dream of 15 years t u r n e d into a nightmare for our Pilgrims may be termed the wholesale agency for promoting the
boys in khaki, b u t the unity in blood brotherhood is still t h e goal of interests of Britain in this country. It is strictly a Tory organiza-
this one-way friendship between British a n d American aristocracy. tion. T h e retail outlet is t h e more widely known English-Speaking
Viscount Bryce, former British Ambassador to t h e United States, Union, which has for Its avowed purpose:
spoke as chairman of t h e London Pilgrims. May we never have "To draw together in the bond of comradeship t h e English-
such a speech again. He said, in p a r t : speaking people of the United States and of t h e British Empire by
(a) disseminating knowledge of each to t h e other and (b) inspiring
"When t h e United States of America, renouncing t h e isolation reverence for their common institutions."
which it had cherished since t h e days of Washington, obeyed t h e It is interesting to note t h a t t h e English-Speaking Union origi-
supreme call of d u t y and set herself in arms beside t h e free nations nated in London in the fateful year of 1917, when America bared
of t h e world in order to save t h e future of h u m a n i t y , she took a her strong arm in defense of democracy. Like t h e Pilgrims, the
step of full solemn significance for all t h e ages to come. English-Speaking Union has a British organization with headquar-
"And now, gentlemen, w h a t is America going to do in this war? ters in London and an American branch with central offices in New
She is already doing what those who know her best expected from York. The purposes of t h e two organizations are virtually the same
her. She waited long enough to be q u i t e satisfied t h a t honor and and there is an interlocking directorate and membership.
duty called her to arms. After long forbearance, when she was The p a t r o n of the English-Speaking Union (London) is His
satisfied t h a t t h e German Government was resolved to persevere Majesty the King. The honorary president of the American English-
with its barbarous and insulting policy, a n d t h a t t h e whole feeling Speaking Union is the prominent Pilgrim, J o h n W. Davis, successor
of t h e Nation had been aroused and concentrated as to be virtually to t h e late Walter Hines Page as America's wartime Ambassador to
unanimous, t h e n America stepped to t h e front; t h e n she bared t h e Court of St. James, Presidential candidate in 1924, and member
her strong arm; t h e n she began to throw all her resources, all her of J. P. Morgan & Co. As treasurer of t h e American English-
energy, all her inventive versatility, into t h e development of every Speaking Union is listed Harry P. Davison, also a Morgan partner,
possible means for t h e vigorous prosecution of t h e war. whose father was instrumental in having J. P. Morgan & Co. ap-
"Gentlemen, America is in t h e war now for all she is worth pointed exclusive purchasing agents for t h e British Government in
[hear, hear] and how m u c h t h a t m e a n s those best know who America during t h e World War. Another director of the English-
263553—19504 2
10 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
Speaking Union is Maj. Gen. James G.. Harbord, chairman of t h e
Radio Corporation of America, and also a member of t h e executive
Steps Toward British Union, a World State, and
committee of t h e Pilgrims. International Strife—Part IV
As a valuable retail outlet for British propaganda, t h e English-
Speaking Union of the United States covers this country with
branches and correspondents in t h e following cities: Baltimore, REMARKS
Md.; Boston. Mass.: Buffalo. N. Y.; C h a u t a u q u a , N. Y.; Chicago, of
Ill.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Cleveland, Ohio; Columbus. Ohio; Dallas,
Tex.; Denver. Colo.; Des Moines. Iowa; Detroit. Mich.; Grinnell,
Iowa: Indianapolis, Ind.; Lake Placid, N. Y.; Lincoln, Nebr.; Los HON. J. THORKELSON
Angeles. Calif.; Louisville, Ky.; Milwaukee, Wis.; New York, N. Y.; OF MONTANA
Minneapolis, Minn.: Now Orleans, La.; Philadelphia, Pa.; Princeton,
N. J.; Providence. R. I.; Richmond. Va.; St. Louis, Mo.; Salt Lake IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
City, Utah; San Diego, Calif.; Ban Francisco, Calif.; S a n t a Barbara, Monday, August 19, 1940
Calif.; Savannah, Ga.; Seattle, Wash.;. Sewanee, T e n n . ; Spokane,
Wash.; Tacoma, Wash.; Washington, D. C. Mr. THORKELSON. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend
The English-Speaking Union seeks to "draw together in t h e bond my own remarks in the RECORD, I include a short article
of comradeship" t h e people of t h i s country and t h e British Empire. entitled, "Undermining America."
But let us n o t forget t h a t in 1917 t h e Pilgrims spoke of "blood-
brotherhood" and "comrades in arms." And now, when Britain is UNDERMINING AMERICA
again at war. Sir Evelyn Wrench, C. M. G., LL. D.. chairman of t h e
English-speaking Union of London (also a Pilgrim m e m b e r ) , ad- The beginning of t h e u n d e r m i n i n g of America was brought by
dresses his fellow members of the union in The English-Speaking Cecil Rhodes, who, in 1877. left money to establish scholarships at
World. October 1939. with t h e warning call: Oxford for t h e purpose of training diplomats to foster t h e reunion
of Britain and America. In t h e first draft of his will, which is
"The English-Speaking Union was born 21 years ago during t h e quoted in t h e book Cecil Rhodes, by Basil Williams, or t h e book
Great War and it has an even greater function to play in t h e present Cecil Rhodes, by Sarah Gertrude Millen, he s t a t e d :
c r i s i s . We know we can c o u n t on your support." "Directed t h a t a secret society should be endowed with the fol-
The founders of the Republic speak to us today through t h e i m - lowing objects: 'The extension of British rule t h r o u g h o u t t h e
mortal words of George Washington: world; t h e colonization by British subjects of all lands where the
"Against the wiles of foreign influence * * * t h e Jealousy of means of livelihood are attainable by energy, labor, and enter-
a free people ought to be constantly awake, since experience and prise; a n d especially t h e occupation by British settlers of t h e entire
history prove t h a t foreign influence is one of t h e most baneful foes continent of Africa, t h e Holy Land, the Valley of t h e Euphrates,
of republican government." t h e Islands of Cyprus and Candia, t h e whole of South America, the
And yet. such are the times and such are the forces a century and islands of t h e Pacific n o t heretofore possessed by Great Britain,
a half after Valley Forge t h a t many Americans, including many lead- t h e whole of t h e Malay Archipelago, t h e seaboard of China and
ers of America, are advocating policies and ideologies foreign and Japan, t h e u l t i m a t e recovery of t h e United States of America as
contrary to t h e very fundamentals on which this Nation was an integral p a r t of t h e British Empire,' " "The foundation of so
founded. There is needed a new Declaration of Independence and great a power as to hereafter render wars impossible, and promote
a rededication of t h e proven principles of o u r form of government the best interests of h u m a n i t y . "
In our position as a rich and powerful nation we can no longer
avoid the responsibility of leadership in a wilderness of foreign con- A new will was m a d e :
flict. President Roosevelt, in his message to Congress. J a n u a r y 2, "He substituted English-speaking peoples for actual Britons; he
1940. said t h a t "in almost every nation of the world today there is came to realize his limitations and reduced his scheme to a mere
a true belief t h a t the United States has been, and will continue to beginning of it, t h e scholarships; b u t yet t h e t h o u g h t behind each
be a potent and active factor in seeking t h e reestablishment of successive will remained t h e same—the world for England, England
peace." for t h e world." See page 145, Cecil Rhodes, by Sarah Gertrude
Millen
If we are to accept and to act t h e role of peacemaker, t h e first
requisite should be to stand before t h e world with clean h a n d s Other q u o t a t i o n s :
and a cool head, fair and impartial to all, and free from any Page 377: " B u t t h e essence of t h e will, as t h e world knows, is t h e
taint of favoritism and prejudice. W i t h o u t this we would hold Scholarship F o u n d a t i o n . In t h e end all t h a t Rhodes can do toward
out false hopes to a war-weary world; we would n o t be entitled extending British rule t h r o u g h o u t t h e world and restoring Anglo-
to the respect and cooperation of the embattled nations; t h e Saxon u n i t y and founding a guardian power for t h e whole of
sincerity of our motives would be Justifiably questioned, and we h u m a n i t y is to arrange for a n u m b e r of young m e n from t h e United
would fail, to t h e detriment of all concerned, including our- States, t h e British colonies, and Germany to go to Oxford. • • •
selves. There are, accordingly, r a t h e r more Rhodes scholars from America
t h a n from all t h e British Dominions p u t together."
As a "potent and active' factor for world peace we cannot in
t h e meantime accept t h e one-sided doctrine of " u n i t y between t h e Page 378: "If t h e Union of S o u t h Africa could be m a d e under t h e
United States and the British Empire": we cannot honestly and shadow of Table Mountain, why n o t an Anglo-Saxon Union under
decently pose as an impartial apostle of world peace and at t h e t h e spires of Oxford?"
same time act as t h e guardian angel of t h e British Empire; we In 1893 Andrew Carnegie wrote his book, T r i u m p h a n t Democracy,
cannot look fairly at t h e world through t h e meshes of t h e n e t - t h e last chapter of which is "The Reunion of Britain and America."
work of British propaganda: we cannot again allow our states- (The 1931 edition of this book is devoid of this last chapter.) The
men, our ambassadors, our leading bankers, lawyers, industrialists, following is a quotation from t h e original book:
churchmen, educators, and publishers to sway the sentiment of "Regarding those I should like Britons to consider what the pro-
our Government and our people in favor of one side, a foreign posed reunion means. Not t h e most sanguine advocate of "Imperial
side. Inherently and basically non-American. federation" dares to intimate t h a t t h e federation t h a t he dreams of
We have before us a costly lesson from the past to t h e present as would free t h e m a r k e t s of all its members to each other. This ques-
a guide to the future. Let us remember 1914. and not forget in tion c a n n o t even be discussed when imperial conferences meet; if it
1940 t h a t a rising tide of war hysteria completely engulfed our be introduced, it is judiciously shelved. But an Anglo-American re-
Government and our people. The climax came on April 6, 1917, union brings free entry here of all British productions as a matter
with an American declaration of war, approved by an overwhelming of course. T h e richest m a r k e t in t h e world is opened to Britain
majority of a Joint session of Congress. Only 56 out of 618 S e n a - free of all d u t y by a stroke of t h e pen. No tax revenue, although
tors and Representatives voted against war. Of the Members of the u n d e r free trade such taxes m i g h t still exist. W h a t would not
Senate only 6 dared cast their votes against t h e tides of war. One trade with t h e Republic, d u t y free, mean to t h e linen, woolen, iron,
of these few, Senator Robert La Follette, S r . , addressed t h e Presi- and steel industries of Scotland, to t h e tin-plate manufacturers of
dent from the floor of the Senate with words t h a t m i g h t well be England. It would mean prosperity to every industry in the United
repeated today: Kingdom, and t h u s in t u r n would mean renewed prosperity to t h e
agricultural Interests, now so sorely depressed."
"There is always lodged, and always will be,. t h a n k t h e God above
us, power in t h e people supreme. Sometimes it sleeps, sometimes Another q u o t a t i o n :
it seems t h e sleep of death: b u t , sir, t h e sovereign power of t h e "In the event of reunion, t h e American m a n u f a c t u r e r s would
people never dies. It may be suppressed for a t i m e ; i t may be m i s - supply the interior of t h e country, b u t the great population skirt-
led, be fooled, silenced. I think, Mr. President, t h a t it is being ing the Atlantic seaboard and t h e Pacific coast would receive their
denied expression now. I t h i n k there will come a day when it will manufactured a r t i c l e s chiefly from Great Britain."
have expression. And still another q u o t a t i o n :
"The poor. s i r , who are the ones called upon to rot in the trenches, "Time may dispel many pleasing illusions and destroy many noble
have no organized power, have no press to voice their will on this dreams, b u t it shall never shake my belief t h a t t h e wound caused
question of peace or war; b u t oh, Mr. President, at some time they by t h e wholly unlooked-for and undesired separation of t h e mother
will be heard—there will come an awakening; they will have their from her child is not to bleed forever. Let men say what they will,
day and they will be heard. It will be as certain and as inevitable therefore, I say, t h a t as surely as t h e s u n in t h e heavens once shone
as the return of t h e tides, and as resistless, too." upon Britain and America united, so surely is it one morning to rise,
Today, with a warm heart full of sympathy for all t h e suffering shine upon, and greet again t h e reunited state, t h e British-American
in the world, we m u s t firmly m a i n t a i n our Independence of t h o u g h t Union."
and action, free from all foreign influence and entanglements so t h a t 1914: Andrew Carnegie took over t h e controlling group of t h e
we may think and speak and act as unimpaired Americans. Only Federal Council of Churches by subsidizing what is known as the
then can we give t h e best answer to t h e question, W h a t is best for Church Peace Union with (2,000,000, and t h e Church Peace Union
America? or t h e board of trustees has always exercised a d o m i n a t i n g influence
263553-19504
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 11
in the Federal Council. This endowment has provided sufficient Century Fund, Inc., are t h e following: N. R. A., S. E. C, Wagner
annual income to r u n t h e budget of t h e Federal Council and its Labor Act. I n t e r n a t i o n a l Labor Office (affiliated with League of
cooperating organizations Among t h e associated groups are t h e Nations), Foreign Policy Association, credit unions, cooperatives,
World's Alliance of International Friendship Through the Churches, League of Women Voters. (See Red Network, published by Eliza-
Commission on International Friendship and Good Will, National b e t h Dilling. 53 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Ill., for com-
Council for Prevention of War. and American Civil Liberties Union. munistic activities of these groups. Also see Year Books and Ameri-
(Bee Pastors, Pacifists, and Politicians, pp. 5 and 6, published by t h e can Foundations and Their Fields, published by Twentieth Century
Constructive Educational Publishing Co . Chicago.) Fund, Inc., 330 West Forty-second Street, New York.)
1917-18: Witnessed the promise of England to give Palestine to 1920: From t h e Carnegie Endowment for International Peace,
t h e Zionist Jews, if they would throw America into the war on her Year Book, 1920—Division of International Law—report of t h e
side. This was reported in t h e New York Times March 8, 1930. S u n - director, J a m e s Brown Scott, page 111.
day editorial. It was t h i s t h a t caused O t t o K a h n to come to
America and become an American citizen. (See New York Sun, T H E F U T U R E OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION
J u n e 19, 1936—Pledged Jews National Home—p. 19.) "The director believes t h a t t h e road to progress r u n s from the
1917: At t h e a n n u a l meeting of t h e trustees for t h e Carnegie Hague Conferences to a d i s t a n t and ever receding horizon. He
Endowment for International Peace, held at t h e Headquarters Build- believes t h a t n a t i o n s are only willing to try on an international
ing, No. 2. Jackson Place, Washington, D. C, on April 20, 1917, t h e scale those things which have been tried within national lines and
following resolutions were adopted by t h e board: which have been successful. He believes in an infinite series of
"PEACE T H R O U G H T R I U M P H O F DEMOCRACY
little steps, n o t in any one leap, however attractive t h e prospect
may be."
"Resolved, T h a t t h e trustees of t h e Carnegie Endowment for "During t h e Conference of Paris, the director dally passed
International Peace, assembled for their a n n u a l meeting, declare t h r o u g h the Place de la Concorde in going to and from the Hotel
hereby their belief t h a t the most effectual means of promoting de Crillon to t h e Quai d'Orsay. He has often stood before t h e
durable International peace is to prosecute t h e war against the obelisk marking t h e site where the head of Louis XVI fell, and with
Imperial Government of Germany to final victory for democracy, it t h e old regime. The men of t h a t day dreamed of a newer and
in accordance with the policy declared by t h e President of t h e better future. All t h a t has been was wrong and the wrong must
United States. be righted. They abolished the old calendar based upon t h e
"SERVICES TENDERED TO T H E GOVERNMENT birth of t h e Man of Nazareth, and brushing it aside, they began
"Resolved, T h a t t h e endowment offers to t h e Government t h e their new era with t h e year 1. But it all ended with t h e final
services of its division of international law. its personnel and e q u i p - entry of Louis XVIII, the brother of Louis XVI, into the Tuileries
ment, for dealing with t h e pressure of International business inci- in the year of Our Lord 1815.
d e n t to the war." (See pp. 181-183 of t h e C. E. for I. P. Year "The statesmen of the future, if n o t of the present day, are
Book, 1917.) bound to recur to the past, and in International organization, the
In connection with the adoption of this resolution, t h e following past is, in t h e opinion of t h e director, the Hague Peace
quotation from a letter written to Hon. Robert Lansing, Secretary Conferences."
of State, dated April 21, 1917, by t h e secretary of the board, Dr. RECOMMENDATIONS ON INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION
James Brown Scott:
"Of course, a general offer to t h e Government should be Inter- (Quotations from p. 110, Year Book 1920)
preted as an offer to the particular d e p a r t m e n t of t h e Government "It Is not necessary for a workable program of International
to which t h e division of international law may be of more appro- organization t h a t t h e world should be federated; it is, however,
priate service, and, since t h e n a t u r e of the work of t h e division is essential t h a t t h e nations of the civilized world should cooperate."
in line with, and many of its officers and employees are former 1921-25: Witnessed t h e battle for the suppression of the Star-
officers and employees of the Department of State, I feel t h a t t h e Spangled Banner and t h e desire to replace it with America the
services and equipment of the division should be offered to t h a t Beautiful. Nine years were consumed in getting the bill out of
Department, which offer I hereby convey as the representative of t h e pigeonhole of t h e Judiciary, legalizing the national anthem
t h e endowment in carrying out t h e above resolution of t h e board of against such attacks. In spite of this, the official national an-
trustees." t h e m is rarely heard.
In J u n e 1918: Woodrow Wilson sent two m e n to England: Mr. Mrs. Augusta Stetson p u t paid advertisements in newspapers
Charles Moore, of Detroit. Mich., and Prof. Andrew McLaughlin, of around t h e country, including the New York Times (August 5,
Chicago University, and an agreement was m a d e to leave the carry- 1925), and admitted under oath when subpenaed to city hall,
ing trade of the Atlantic to Great Britain, which was embodied in March 5, 1924, for an investigation t h a t she had spent $169,000
our version of the peace treaty, as written by Col. Edward M. in one fund and $17,000 in another to destroy and delete the
House, at Beverly Farms, Mass. Star-Spangled Banner because it was not pleasing to England.
1918: Witnessed the American Historical Association, Carnegie Franklin Ford, her secretary, in 1931, admitted at his office t h a t
endowed, meeting in London, and t h e agreement was made to he was financed by t h e English-Speaking Union and t h e British
rewrite American history to please England. (See American His- Commonwealth Club. Inc. (Refer to hearing before Deputy Com-
torical Year Book, 1918.) missioner Lowden, March 5, 1924, New York City.)
1919: When Lord Northcliffe had completed his propaganda or- 1925: A March issue of Saturday Evening Post carries an article
ganization in t h i s country during t h e recent World War, a n d was by Owen D. Young, t h e originator of the Young plan bonds for
returning home it was announced t h a t he was leaving behind h i m t h e reparation of Germany, in which he stated t h a t American
$ 150.000,000 (our own money, of course) and 10,000 trained agents labor would have to be reduced to the status of European labor.
to carry on t h e work. His own London Times in t h e issue of July 1929: Witnessed t h e visit of Ramsay MacDonald with Hoover on
4, 1919. rendered account of t h e "efficient propaganda" which he the Rapidan. (See World-Telegram, October 10, 1929.) "The result
had inaugurated here and was being carried o u t by those trained of those representations, both Washington and London will hold
in the arts of creating public good will and of swaying public to be of vital significance to the future of organized society."
opinion toward a definite purpose. (See Report on Investigation See also New York Times, October 10, 1929, Ramsay MacDonald
of American History, City of New York. May 25, 1923.) said: "I have achieved more t h a n I hoped."
Among the methods, stated by t h e London Times, to be t h e n in 1929: Witnessed t h e stock-market crash. See National Message,
operation or in prospect in this country were: official organ British-Israel World Federation, New York Public
"Efficiently organized propaganda to mobilize t h e press, the Library, October 12, 1935, page 679:
church, t h e stage, and t h e cinema, to press into active service t h e "It was told to me by a heavyweight American financier before
whole educational system, t h e universities, public and high schools t h e crash came t h a t t h e crash was coming, t h a t it would be per-
and primary schools. Histories and textbooks on literature should mitted to run to t h e danger point, and t h a t when the danger
be revised. New books should be added, particularly in t h e pri- point was passed it would be reversed by measures carefully pre-
mary school. Hundreds of exchange university scholarships should pared in advance to meet the situation. I carefully noted what
be provided. Local societies should be formed In every center to he said and left it for events to prove the value of his statement."
foster British-American good will, in close cooperation with an 1934: J o h n L. Lewis, organizer of t h e Committee for industrial
administrative committee." (See Report on Investigation of Amer-
ican History, City of New York, May 25. 1923.) Organization, attended the J u n e conference of t h e International
Labor Organization. (See New York Times, October 11, 1934.)
This same F o u r t h of July issue of t h e London Times contained
a signed article by Owen Wister, American born, in which we 1935: See CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, August 26, page 15051, Mr. Huey
said: "A movement to correct t h e schoolbooks of t h e United States Long: "A newspaperman whom I know to be reliable telephoned
has been started and it will go on." (See p. 62 of Report on me tonight and said: 'I have found out for you t h a t the Secretary
Investigation of American History, city of New York, May 25. 1923.) of t h e Treasury, Mr. Morgenthau, has given o u t a statement in con-
1919: Witnessed t h e rewriting of American history to please Eng- fidence * * * t h a t this 9-cent plan was devised by Mr. Oscar
land. Protests were made by t h e Sons of t h e American Revolution Johnson, of Mississippi.' I said, 'If it is the Oscar Johnson, of
and other patriotic societies. (See Report on Pro-British Histories, Mississippi, t h a t I know about, he was the manager of a chain of
held at City Hall. May 25. 1923.) British plantations.' The newspaperman said, 'That Is the same
1919: Mr. Edward Filene, of Boston, an internationalist, set up man.' I knew this idea could not have been given birth in the
t h e Twentieth Century F u n d . Inc., and by interlocking directorates brain of an American cotton owner nor an American cotton planter,
h a s control over 124 t r u s t funds, together totaling nearly a billion nor any American who understood the situation. I knew t h a t the
dollars. Included in this control are t h e Carnegie, Rockefeller, the idea had foreign parentage; and, lo and behold, the gentleman who
Duke and Russell Sage Foundations from which funds go subsidies was formerly a manager of a number of British plantations, and
to subversive communistic, socialistic, and all peace movements, as has lately returned from London, has given birth to this plan, and
well as t h e cooperative movements. Among activities of Twentieth his brain child has become the adopted child of the A. A. A. of the
263553—19504
12 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
good old United States. * * * And he t h o u g h t t h e cotton George A. Finch, Frederic A. Delano (uncle of F. D. R . ) , Charles 8.
farmer was doing well if he made $100 a year." Hamlin, Wallace McK. Alexander, David P. Barrows, William Mar-
1935: September 25, New York Sun, Food F r o m Overseas: shall Bullitt, Daniel K. Catlin, J o h n W. Davis, Norman H. Davis,
"Twenty-two million pounds of b u t t e r came into this country from Autsen G. Fox, Robert A. Franks, Francis Pendleton Gaines, Charles
foreign countries. In t h e first 8 m o n t h s of 1934 imported oats, for Hamlin, Howard Heinz, Alanson B. Houghton, F r a n k O. Lowden,
example, totaled scarcely 200,000 bushels, b u t this year in t h e same Peter Molyneaux. Roland S. Morris, Henry S. Pritchett, Elihu Root,
period imports exceeded 10,000,000 bushels. I m p o r t s of corn in Edward L. Ryerson, J a m e s R. Sheffield, Maurice S. Sherman, James T.
the same period of this year exceeded 31,800,000 bushels compared Shotwell, Silas H. Strawn, Robert A. Taft. Thomas J. Watson.
with 371,700 in 1934. American wheat exports dropped from 16.- Carnegie F o u n d a t i o n for t h e Advancement of Teaching, New
600,000 bushels in t h e first 8 m o n t h s of 1934 to 142,000 in 1935." York City: Walter A. J e s s u p , Henry S. P r i t c h e t t . Robert A. Franks,
(While crops to t h i s country were being b u r n e d a n d ploughed Howard J. Savage, William S. Learned, Alfred Z. Reed, Samuel S.
under.) Hall, Jr., Raymond L. Mattocks, Walter C. Murray, T h o m a s Wil-
1935: Witnessed a secret national peace conference financed by a. liam, Lamont, Fred. Carlos Ferry, F r a n k Aydelotte, William Lowe
grant from t h e Carnegie Endowment for Peace, see New York Bryan, Nicholas M. Butler, Lotus Dolta Coffman, James Bryant
American. December 19, 1935: "Meeting behind closed doors at t h e Conant, George Hutcheson Denny, Albert Bledsoe Dinwiddle, Edward
Westchester Country Club at Harrison, N. Y., t h e conference, c o m - Charles Elliott, Livingston Farrand. F r a n k Porter Graham. Albert
posed of 29 organizations, adopted t h e following six-point program: Ross Hill, J a m e s H a m p t o n Kirkland, Ernest Hiram Lindley, William
1. A Nation-wide radio campaign to commit t h e United States Allan Neilson, George Norlin, Josiah Harmar P e n n i m a n , Rush
to a policy of internationalism. Rhees, K e n n e t h Charles Morton Sills, F r a n k A r t h u r Vanderlip,
2. Crippling of t h e Army and Navy billion-dollar appropriation Henry Merritt Wriston.
bill by attaching a billion-dollar housing project clause as a rider. General Education Board, New York City: Donor: J o h n D.
3. Abolition of t h e Army and Navy sedition bill, which would Rockefeller, Raymond B. Fosdick, Trevor Arnett, David H. .Stevens,
punish anyone a t t e m p t i n g to incite enlisted m e n to insubordination Wm. W. Brierly, Lefferts M. Dashiell, Edward Robinson, George A.
or m u t i n y . Beal, A r t h u r G. Askey, J a m e s R. Angell, Trevor Arnett. Harry W.
4. Abolition of t h e R. O. T. C. in colleges. Chase, J e r o m e D. Greene, Ernest M. Hopkins, Max Mason, Edwin
5. A vigorous campaign against those w h o oppose t h i s country's Mims, J o h n D. Rockefeller, Jr., J o h n D. Rockefeller, 3d, Walter
entrance into the League of Nations and to prevent t h e United W. Stewart, Harold H. Swift, Ray Lyman Wilbur, A r t h u r Woods,
States from obstructing t h e League in applying sanctions. Owen D- Young.
6. Adoption of t h e drastic neutrality bill. T w e n t i e t h Century F u n d , New York City: Donor: Edward A.
Andrew Carnegie left h u n d r e d s of millions of dollars to carry Filene, Evans Clark, Edward A. Filene, Oswald W. K n a u t h , New-
out his plan. t o n D. Baker, A. A. Berle, Jr., Bruce Bliven, Henry Dennison, J o h n
1935-36: American Association for Adult Education, 60 East H. Fahey, Morris E. Leeds, J a m e s G. McDonald, Roscoe Pound.
Forty-second Street, New York City, Carnegie endowed, lists t h e Religious Education F o u n d a t i o n , New York City: O. H. Cheney,
following activities t h a t are financed by t h e Carnegie Corporation, Hugh S. Magill, Russell Colgate, Paul D. Eddy. Newton D. Baker,
and t h e Rockefeller General Education Board: F o r u m Experimenta- S. B. Chapin, Robert Garrett, J a m e s C. Penney, Charles H. Tuttle,
tion (public forums), Federal Emergency Program (cooperates with Thomas J. Watson.
U. S. Office of E d u c a t i o n ) , C. C. C. camps, c o m m u n i t y organiza- Spelman F u n d of New York: Donor: Laura S. Rockefeller, Arthur
tion, workers' education, International relations, commonwealth Woods, Guy Moffett, L. M. Dashiell, Edward Robinson, Kenneth
college. (See p. 5701, CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, April 14, 1936, also Chorley, Cleveland Dodge, Raymond B. Fosdick, Thomas W. La-
see Annual Report of t h e Directors, above address). mont, J o h n D. Rockefeller 3d, Beardsley R u m l .
1936: Witnesses Nicholas Murray Butler sailing on t h e Queen Textile F o u n d a t i o n . Washington, D. C: Franklin W. Hobbs,
Mary J u n e 5, for t h e most i m p o r t a n t Carnegie Endowment for Peace S t u a r t W. Cramer, F r a n k D. Cheney, Daniel C. Roper, Henry A.
Conference in London, England, t h a t has ever been held. It is at Wallace.
this meeting t h a t the question of gold being used on an Interna- (The above-mentioned organizations and t h e men connected
tional basis is to be discussed. with t h e m are from American F o u n d a t i o n s and Their Fields, p u b -
1936—Herald Tribune, J u n e 19, 1936, page 22: "Supply Held lished by t h e T w e n t i e t h Century F u n d , Inc., 330 West 42d Street,
Adequate for World Gold Basis." There even m a y be too m u c h , New York City.)
Brookings Institution says. Brookings I n s t i t u t i o n (Carnegie- T h e Carnegie F u n d Joined with t h e (Rockefeller F u n d ) General
endowed) study of t h e adequacy of t h e gold supply, w r i t t e n by Education Board because t h e y found themselves doing t h e same
Dr. Charles O'Hardy, held t h a t no existing or prospective defi- work. Above quotation from t h e Carnegie Endowment for Inter-
ciency in t h e world gold supply stood in t h e way of restoration national Peace Year Book, 1934.
of an international gold standard, whenever such a step was The Carnegie, Rockefeller, and Twentieth Century F u n d s have
considered advantageous. * * * Two officials of t h e Federal t h r o u g h subsidies control over our press, churches, schools, the
Reserve System: Dr. E. A. Goldenweiser, chief economist, a n d stage, cinema, colleges, and our Government, and America has not
Adolph C. Miller, former governor and special member, recently had a President entirely free from this control, particularly since
made speeches heralding r e t u r n to t h e gold s t a n d a r d in modified t h e war.
form. Henry Mongenthau, Jr., Secretary of t h e Treasury, has said
t h a t the United States will cooperate in such a movement as 1776: Hark ye to t h e warnings of the men of t h e "horse and
soon as the rest of the world is ready. buggy days"!
NOTE: What guaranty have t h e people of t h e United States In his Farewell Address, George Washington bequeathed to t h e
t h a t t h e currency which t h e y would hold would be redeemable American people, as he said t h e "counsels of an old and affec-
in gold? tionate friend." And he did so in t h e hope t h a t his advice and
admonition would, in t h e years to come, serve t h e following useful
1936: Witnesses t h e United States Government largely influ- purpose:
enced or controlled by organized financial interests cooperating 1. "Moderate t h e fury of party spirit."
with or under the control of t h e 20th Century F u n d , Inc., or 2. "Warn against t h e mischiefs of foreign Intrigue." (This in-
American Foundations and their Fields. Some of these with their cludes Britain.)
officers and trustees are listed herein: 3. "Guard against t h e impostures of pretended patriotism."
OFFICERS AND TRUSTEES George Washington also said:
Carnegie Corporation, New York, Andrew Carnegie, donor; Elihu "I never have heard, a n d I hope I never shall hear any serious
Root, Robertson D. Ward, Fred P. Keppel, Robert M. Lester, J o h n mention of a paper emission in t h i s State; yet such a t h i n g may be
M. Russel, Samuel S. Hall, Jr., Barent Lefferts, Ernest A. Farin- in agitation. Ignorance and design are productive of m u c h mis-
tosh. Thomas S. A r b u t h n o t , Newton D. Baker, Nicholas Murray chief. T h e former (ignorance) is t h e tool of t h e latter (design),
Butler, Samuel Harden Church, Lotus D. Coffman, Henry James, and is often set at work suddenly and unexpectedly."
Walter A. Jessup, Nicholas Kelley, Russell Leffingwell, J o h n C. Daniel Webster warned you, in 1832, while in Congress:
Merriam, Margaret Carnegie Miller, Fred Osborn, Arthur W. Page, "Of all t h e contrivances for cheating the laboring classes of m a n -
Carnegie Corporation, Washington, D. C: J o h n C. Merriam, kind, none have been more effectual t h a n t h a t which deludes t h e m
Elihu Root, Henry S. Pritchett, Fred A. Delano, Thomas Barbour, with paper money. This is t h e most effectual of inventions to fer-
W W. Campbell. Homer L. Ferguson, W. Cameron Forbes, Walter tilize t h e rich m a n ' s field by t h e sweat of t h e poor man's brow. Ordi-
S. Gifford, Fred H. Gillett, Herbert Hoover, F r a n k B. Jewett, Alfred nary tyranny, oppression, excessive taxation—these bear lightly on
L. Loomis, Andrew W. Mellon, Roswell Miller, Andrew J. Monta- t h e happiness of t h e mass of t h e community, compared with fraudu-
gue, Stewart Paton, J o h n J. Pershing, William Benson Storey, l e n t currencies a n d t h e robberies committed by depreciated paper.
Richard P. Strong, James W. Wadsworth, Fred C. Walcott, George Our own history has recorded for our instruction enough, and more
W. Wickerson. t h a n enough, of t h e demoralizing tendency, t h e injustice, and t h e
Church Peace Union: Donor: Andrew Carnegie, William P. Merrill, intolerable oppression, on t h e virtuous and well disposed, of a de-
George A. Plimpton, Henry A. Atkinson, Linley V. Gordon, G. S. graded paper currency, authorized by law, or in any way counte-
Barker, Rev. Arthur Judson Brown, Bishop J a m e s Cannon. Jr., Rev. nanced by government." (See CONGRESSIONAL RECORD. J a n u a r y 24,
Francis J. Haas, Rev. Frank Oliver Hall, Prof. Hamilton Holt, Hon. 1934. Speech by Hon. Louis T. McFadden. of Pennsylvania.)
Morton D. Hull. Prof. William I. Hull, Rev. Charles E. Jefferson, Dr. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, D. C.
James R. Joy, Rev. Miles H. Krumbine, Dr. Henry Goddard Leach. New York, N. Y., trustees: Arthur A. Ballantine, New York; David
Bishop Francis J. McConnell. Rev. Charles S. MacFarland, Rabbi P. Barrows, California: James F. Bell, Minnesota; William Mar-
Louis L. Mann, Dean Shaller Mathews. Rev. William Pierson Merrill, shall Bullitt, Kentucky; Nicholas Murray Butler, New York: Daniel
Hon. Henry Morgenthau, Dr. J o h n R. Mott. Rev. Roger T, Noon. Rev. K. Catlin, Missouri; William Wallace Chapin, California; J o h n W.
Howard C. Robbins Monsignor J o h n A. Ryan, R t . Rev. Henry K. Davis, New York; Norman H. Davis. New York; Frederic A. Del-
Sherrill, Dr. Robert E Speer. Charles P. Taft II, Rev. Charles D. ano, District of Columbia; Leon Fraser. New York; Douglas S.
Trexler. Dr. James J. Walsh. Freeman, Virginia; Francis P. Gaines, Virginia; Howard Heinz,
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, D. C: Pennsylvania; Alanson B. Houghton, New York: Philip C. Jessup,
Nicholas Murray Butler, Andrew J. Montague, James Brown Scott, Connecticut; F r a n k O. Lowden, Illinois; Peter Molyneaux, Texas;
263553—19504
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 13
Roland S. Morris. Pennsylvania; Edward L a m e d Ryerson, Jr., Masonry and not to the English-American Masons as we
Illinois; James Brown Scott. District of Columbia; Maurice 8. know them in the United States.
Sherman, Connecticut; James T. Shotwell, New York; Harper Sib-
ley. New York; Silas H. Strawn, Illinois; Eliot Wadsworth. Mas- INTRODUCTION
sachusetts; Thomas J o h n Watson, New York. THE BASIC FACTOR IN POLITICS IS RACE
Division of Intercourse and Education: Director, Nicholas M u r - Those Britons who s t a n d amazed at t h e defeatist trend of their
ray Butler, office, 405 West One Hundred and Seventeenth Street, country's politics; who begin to ask themselves whether our civi-
New York, N. Y. Telephone, University 4-1850—Cable, Interpax, lization is worth while; a n d who are puzzled as to how t h i s state
New York. of t h i n g s should ever have come about, will find explained in this
Le Centre Europeen: Directeur-Adjoint. Malcolm W. Davis. B u - p a m p h l e t t h e cause of it all—the race itself is changing.
reau, 173. Boulevard 8te-Germaln, Paris, France. Telephone, Littre T h e great Persian, Greek, a n d R o m a n civilizations died o u t from
88.60. Adresse Telegraphique, Interpax, Paris. this same cause. T h e d o m i n a n t Aryan race responsible for their
Advisory Council in Great B r i t a i n : Sir Alan Anderson, Ernest development became too weak by intermarriage with lesser races,
Barker, Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, William P. Crozier, Mrs. Mary u n t i l t h e product could no longer m a i n t a i n Aryan standards.
Agnes Hamilton, Sir F r a n k Heath, Francis W. Hirst, Herbert S. Colonel Lindbergh, in 1936, left t h e United States of America for
Morrison, Gilbert Murray, J. A. Spender; Honorary Secretary, Mrs. exactly these reasons; although individual Americans will continue
Neville Lawrence. to pull their weight in pioneering for h u m a n i t y , yet t h e people of
London Office: Representative in t h e United Kingdom, H u b e r t J. t h e United States can no longer, in t h e mass, m a i n t a i n a decent
Howard; address. 336 Abbey House, Victoria Street, SW. 1. Tele- enough s t a n d a r d of public conduct to protect h i m from unprovoked
phone, Abbey 7228; cable, Carintpax, London. annoyance.
Mr. Speaker, the information contained in this booklet is This p a m p h l e t demonstrates t h e Jewish contamination among
t h e titled families of Britain. It has been difficult to "dig o u t " the
important at this time, particularly in view of the fact that information; perhaps t h e most encouraging aspect in a depressing
the pro-English groups in the United States are now working research h a s been t h e obvious desire on t h e p a r t of most of t h e
in close cooperation with world internationalist organizations. affected families to hide their J e w i s h n e s s ; only when it is dis-
covered and dragged forward into t h e limelight do these families
Before 1917, foreign influence came mainly from Anglo- sometimes begin to assert t h a t "they are proud of their Jewish
American groups. Since the World War, these groups have blood !"
been fortified by the international financiers and the inter- A similar p h e n o m e n o n was observed by t h e Jewish compilers of
nationalists, or the so-called minority group. The pressure t h e Who's Who in American Jewry (1926), who state in their
introduction to t h e volume: "Some persons preferred to be omitted
is therefore more than double, for combined, these groups r a t h e r t h a n associate their names with those of their racial col-
control all avenues of communication and are now using leagues. A few even rejected with indignation t h e proposal of
them to further their plan of British domination to establish being included in a volume where their Jewish identity would
become a m a t t e r of public knowledge."
a world federation of states. How completely t h e Jewish masonic teaching of racial equality
Let me call your attention to the fact that on the reverse h a s conquered Aryan t h o u g h t in this country is perhaps best indi-
of the great seal of the United States, which appears on our cated by t h e absence h i t h e r t o of any literature dealing with t h e
race change.
dollar bills, you will find the exact symbol of the British- Although t h i s booklet deals only with t h e titled aristocracy, a
Israel world federation movement. This symbol is also car- similar s t a t e of affairs could easily be demonstrated among t h e
ried on literature of other organizations promoting a world official, commercial, and professional communities. Possibly the
government and a world religion. At the bottom of the least affected a n d m o s t Aryan community is t h e agricultural one.
T h a t , incidentally, is one of t h e reasons why, in a Jew-owned land,
circle surrounding the pyramid, you will find the wording: it comprises only about 5 percent of t h e nation's workers.
"Novus Ordo Seclorum." It was this new order that was Our case can be presented best, we t h i n k , by a consideration, first,
advocated by Clinton Roosevelt several hundred years ago; of t h e examples of Spain and Portugal, where t h e process of Aryan
recently in Philip Dru, and now followed by the Executive. racial degeneration has t a k e n place n o t far away from us either
in distance or in time, whilst a sufficient period of t h e latter has
Do you not think, as good American people, that the admin- elapsed to prove t h a t n a t i o n s t h a t have gone down from racial
istration has gone far from constitutional government, when causes c a n n o t rise again by their own unaided efforts.
there is inscribed a symbol on the reverse of our great seal, T H E NECESSITY FOR AN ARISTOCRACY TO SUPERVISE T H E N A T I O N ' S P O L I -
that advocates a new order? Yes, an order which means the TICS IS A FUNDAMENTAL TENET OF T H E FASCIST CREED
destruction of our Republic as formulated in the Constitution In publishing t h i s p a m p h l e t we have no idea of attacking t h e
of the United States. aristocratic principle; we simply present evidence t h a t , for racial
reasons, our "aristocracy" h a s ceased to function in its duty as a
It may also interest you to know that this contemplated protector of t h e people, and t h a t t h e racial change taking place in
"Union Now," as advocated by Clarence Streit, will be under it is symptomatic of a racial change affecting other parts of the
the control of Great Britain, and is a movement to return the community, a change which will destroy t h e British Empire unless
United States as a colony in the British Empire. Should we it is rendered i m p o t e n t to injure us.
become a part of this union, our traditional rights and liber- FOUL B R O O D — T H E RACIAL TRANSFORMATION OF A N A T I O N — E N -
FORCED MASONIC UNIVERSAL BROTHERHOOD
ties will be lost, and we will have no greater status than an
English possession. This was the dream of Cecil Rhodes and There is a disease of bees called foul brood, which, when it
affects a hive, corrupts it irredeemably. An analagous malady is
Andrew Carnegie, when the latter wrote his book, Triumphant t h a t which h a s destroyed t h e greatness of Spain and Portugal,
Democracy, in 1893. and which h a s secured for itself a strong footing in Britain,
where t h e s y m p t o m s are obvious enough, although puzzling to
all who do n o t appreciate their racial cause.
Steps Toward British Union, a World State, and Spain and Portugal bore t h e b r u n t of t h e early Jewish invasion
into western European territory. The poison Insinuated itself t h e
Internal Strife—Part V more easily because racial differences were obscured by religious
ones, so t h a t it was comparatively simple for t h e Jew to accept
Christianity outwardly, whilst remaining at h e a r t a Jew and prac-
ticing Jewish rites in t h e privacy of h i s home; t h u s arose t h e
REMARKS Marrano c o m m u n i t y , or Crypto-Jecs, who at first avoided to some
of extent t h e extreme consequences of t h e hostility of those of t h e
d o m i n a n t faith.
HON. J. THORKELSON In t h e fifteenth century, t h e Marranos or Secret Jews dominated
Spanish life, occupying h i g h positions n o t only in t h e adminis-
OF MONTANA t r a t i o n , t h e universities, t h e forces, a n d t h e Judiciary, b u t also in
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES t h e c h u r c h itself. Their outward conformity to t h e Catholic
c h u r c h , together with their accumulation of wealth, enabled them
Tuesday, August 20,1940 to p e n e t r a t e by marriage to such an extent into t h e most exalted
families in t h e land t h a t it became difficult to find an aristocratic
family in Aragon or in Castile which was n o t contaminated with
ARTICLE ISSUED BY THE IMPERIAL FASCIST UNION OF t h e foul stream of Jewish blood.
LONDON. ENGLAND T h e worm t u r n e d at last, and not only were all professing Jews
expelled from Spain, or forcibly converted and later expelled from
Portugal, b u t t h e inquisition attacked t h e Marrano community,
Mr. THORKELSON. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend t h e position of which was ever afterward insecure and hopeless.
my own remarks in the RECORD, I include an article issued T h e greatest period of Spanish history followed t h e expulsion;
a n d Portugal built up her great colonial Empire subsequent to
by the Imperial Fascist Union, of London, England. t h e riddance of t h e professing Jew. B u t in b o t h cases, t h e curse
I shall not comment on this article except to say that the descended upon t h e colonial possessions of these two nations; in
reference to Masonry, no doubt, refers to the. Grand Orient Peru, t h e Jew held t h e commerce of t h e country in his hands,
263553—19504
14 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
and it was impossible for a Castilian to succeed in business died a Jew, he married a Gentile, h i s son being created a baronet
without a Jewish partner; t h e Jews purchased t h e cargoes of and later Baron Eardley, a title now fortunately extinct. The first
great fleets with fictitious credits which they divided amongst synagogue Jew baronets were Sir I. L. Goldsmid (1841). Sir Moses
themselves, rendering large capital unnecessary. When t h e s t r u g - Monteflore, a n d Sir Anthony de Rothschild; these seem to have
gle between Portugal and Holland for t h e possession of Brazil took qualified for t h e British aristocracy by using their ill-gotten wealth
place, the Marranos worked for t h e Dutch enemy. in buying privileges for t h e Jews in this and other countries.
At home, the Spanish and Portuguese had, however, m a d e t h e It was Sir Issac L. Goldsmid who led t h e movement for t h e
supreme mistake of imagining t h a t any Marrano could be a s u b - admission of t h e Jews to our legislature. Once the barrier was
stitute for a European. Absolute discrimination between white down, t h e rest was easy. In 1858 legislation enabled t h e foreign
European Christians a n d t h e "new Christians" as t h e Marranos "Baron" Lionel de Rothschild to take his oath in t h e House of
were called, was only insisted on by t h e best informed of t h e Commons as a Jew. His son was raised to t h e peerage in 1885.
aristocracy, who kept a record of t h e new Christians so t h a t in- T h e "damped" Jew Disraeli had of course obtained earlier honors,
termarriage with t h e m m i g h t cease. T h e racial quality of t h e dying as t h e Earl of Beaconsfield.
people degenerated rapidly as t h e Jewish contagion spread by Among t h e earlier Synagogue baronet creations were those of
intermarriage. Sir George Jessel, Sir David Salomans, and Sir J o h n Simon (no
Then, at last, t h e assault was deliberately made on t h e last relation to t h e living Sir J o h n Simon, who claims n o t to be
citadel of racial purity. On St. J o h n ' s Day. 1744, Frederick, Prince Jewish).
of Wales, grand master of English Masons, a d m i t t e d t h e P o r t u - Aryan peers sometimes made m a t t e r s worse by marrying Jewesses,
guese Ambassador, Dom Sebastio de Carvalho e Mello to a London one of t h e most disastrous cases being t h a t of t h e second Viscount
lodge; this gentleman, better known as Pombal, revived Masonry Galway, who married as early as 1747 a Jewess called Villa Real,
in Portugal on his r e t u r n to t h a t country. as a result of which countless fine old British families have had
On May 2, 1768, Pombal ordered t h e destruction of all registers of this Asiatic strain instilled into t h e m . It was a Rothschild plan
Marrano families, and ordered all t h e heads of t h e exclusive and to marry superfluous d a u g h t e r s i n t o t h e families of influential
race-conscious Portuguese families to arrange t h a t any daughter Gentiles; in t h e case of t h e Rothschild u n i o n s with Baron Batter-
of marriageable age m u s t be engaged within 4 m o n t h s to marry a sea and the son of t h e fourth Earl of Hardwicke, t h e marriages
member of one of the h i t h e r t o excluded Jew-contaminated families. were sterile, b u t a d a u g h t e r of Mayer Amschel Rothschild married
This horrible Masonic outrage m a d e an end of t h e Portuguese t h e fifth Earl of Rosebery, so t h a t there is Rothschild blood in t h e
as a great nation. present earl, one of whose sisters married t h e present Marquess of
In Spain, discrimination between t h e Aryan and t h e non-Aryan Crewe, himself with Villa Real blood; t h u s after many days, t h e
gradually declined under similar influences, although t h e Corps blood of t h e Villa Real Jewess mingles with t h a t of t h e R o t h -
of Cadets insisted upon an unsullied racial origin as a qualification schild in t h e issue of this marriage of "British aristocrats."
for entry up to 1860, whilst in some parish churches, even in t h e T h e custom of m a t i n g with Jewesses has now become a common
nineteenth century, notices were still displayed warning t h e old one; t h e instinct of t h e Aryan has been broken down by con-
Christians against intermarrying with t h e new. t i n u e d propaganda, a n d H. Belloc in his book on The Jews
To some extent, of course, in Spain t h e Moorish occupation writes of t h e Jewish penetration of our great aristocratic families:
had been responsible for a dilution of t h e Aryan a n d Mediterra- "With t h e opening of t h e twentieth century, those of t h e great
nean blood of t h e people, b u t this Moorish corruption was never territorial English families in which there was no Jewish blood
subtle, and its power of penetration was therefore weak. On t h e were t h e exception. In nearly all of t h e m , t h e strain was more
other hand, the Portuguese, through their custom of intermarrying or less marked, in some of t h e m so strong t h a t though the
with colored people in their colonies and t h r o u g h t h e r e t u r n of n a m e was still an English n a m e and t h e traditions those of a
the resultant half-breeds to t h e home country, has suffered great purely English lineage of t h e long past, t h e physique a n d char-
contamination from non-Jewish races of color. acter had become wholly Jewish a n d t h e members of t h e family
Both Spain and Portugal went down because their native peo- were taken for Jews whenever they traveled in countries w h e r e
ples have sullied their blood with t h a t of lower races to a toxic t h e gentry h a d n o t yet suffered or enjoyed this mixture."
degree: "foul brood" has corrupted t h e m beyond hope. Damage A s t u d y of t h e "society" photographs in any copy of The
of this sort is p e r m a n e n t . Bystander will convince anyone t h a t Mr. Belloc does not exag-
T h a t being so. let our readers consider w h a t is going on in these gerate. To those of us who believe t h a t Aryanization is civiliza-
islands, and ask themselves how Britain can regain her proper tion it is incomprehensible t h a t aristocrats of our race could
place in t h e world without first recovering her race-consciousness, s u c c u m b to t h e c u n n i n g Masonic and educational Jewish propa-
and how she can do t h a t w i t h o u t accepting t h e remedy of t h e ganda designed to cause t h e m to forget their race. Nevertheless,
Imperial Fascist League? t h e opposition to Jewish penetration into t h e great families
has n o t been expressed in any decided way; Masonry is no doubt
OUR J E W I S H ARISTOCRACY responsible for this. Queen Victoria herself had q u a l m s about
It has long been one of t h e Jewish methods in t h e a t t a i n m e n t t h e granting of titles to Jews, because we know t h a t when it
of world domination to penetrate i n t o privileged circles where was recommended to her t h a t Sir Lionel Rothschild should be
political power is greatest; Edward t h e First, by expelling t h e promoted to the peerage, she wrote as follows in a letter dated
Jews in 1290, saved us from too early an application of t h i s November 1, 1869, to Mr. Gladstone: "It is n o t only t h e feeling, of
process in Britain, b u t other countries were less f o r t u n a t e and which she c a n n o t divest herself, against making a person of the
suffered t h e extinction of their nobility by Jewish women marry- Jewish religion a peer, b u t she cannot t h i n k t h a t one who owes
ing into t h e Gentile aristocratic families. his great wealth to contracts with foreign governments for
In Britain a few "damped" (baptized Christian) Jews remained loans, or to successful speculation on the stock exchange can
i t h e country when their synagogue-going brothers h a d been fairly claim a British peerage. However high Sir L. Rothschild
expelled. Some of these attained knighthood, for instance, Sir may stand personally in public estimation, this seems to her not
Edward Brampton, who became Governor of Guernsey. The first t h e less a species of gambling because it is on a gigantic scale
serious a t t e m p t , however, to penetrate the ranks of t h e hereditary and far removed from t h a t legitimate trading which she delights
titleholders of England seems to have been an a t t a c k u p o n to honor, in which m e n have raised themselves by p a t i e n t in-
royalty itself by t h a t notorious character, Perkin Warbeck, who dustry and unswerving probity to positions of wealth and influ-
was a servant of t h e Jewish k n i g h t mentioned above. W i t h char- ence."
acteristic Jewish effrontery, this m a n claimed the English t h r o n e . Her sound instincts, or "prejudices" as they would be called
Francis Bacon wrote in his Life and Reign of King Henry VII: nowadays in our Judaized press, were, however, broken down by
"There was a townsman of Tourney t h a t h a d born office in t h a t Disraeli a n d we have how reached such a pitch t h a t in 1932 the
town, whose n a m e was J o h n Osbeck, a convert Jew, married to Jews were seriously p l a n n i n g to get t h e chief rabbi into t h e
Catherine de Faro; whose business drew h i m to live for a time House of Lords, ex-officio. In 1915 a daughter of t h e fourth
with his wife at London, in King Edward IV's days. During which Baron Sheffield married t h e Jew Edwin Montagu, t h e disturber of
time he had a son by her; a n d being known in court, t h e King I n d i a n " p a t h e t i c c o n t e n t m e n t , " and actually "embraced J u d a -
either out of a religious nobleness, because he was a convert, or ism" also in a religious sense. There was more excuse for Lord
upon some private acquaintance, did him t h e h o n o r as to be George Gordon of t h e 1780 anti-Popery campaign, who adopted
godfather to his child, and named h i m Peter. B u t afterwards t h e Jewish religion, b u t died insane.
proving a dainty and effeminate youth, he was commonly called In t h e following review of o u r titled aristocracy, there are many
by the diminutive of bis name, Peterkin or Perkin. For, as for errors of omission; working chiefly with Burke's Peerage, we find
t h e n a m e of Warbecke, it was given h i m when they did b u t guess a reticence on t h e subject of Jewish "relativity" to our nobility;
at it, before examinations had been t a k e n . " in other words, t h e volume seems designed to baffle t h e investi-
How m a n y of us at school realized t h a t Perkin Warbeck was a gator as m u c h as possible. For t h a t reason, a n d also because
figure in t h e Jewish world plot against Aryan sovereignty? t h e t i m e at o u r disposal for t h i s research is strictly limited, t h e
As everyone knows. Cromwell allowed t h e Jews to r e t u r n a n d review is far from complete, b u t it is sufficiently terrible to a
they flocked over here toward t h e latter p a r t of t h e seventeenth racist as it is.
century, the largest wave of rich Jews coming over with William I I I Every effort h a s been m a d e to avoid errors of commission; we do
from Holland. not desire to h u r t t h e feelings of anyone, b u t t h e British people
In 1718 t h e Attorney General. Sir R. Raymond, h a m m e r e d a n - have a r i g h t to know t h e t r u t h ; wherever we have insufficient
other nail into his country's coffin. by deciding t h a t Jews could evidence in suspicious cases, t h e benefit of t h e d o u b t has been
hold land in England. Walpole had previously allowed t h e Jew given; we hope, in m a n y future editions, to be able to make our
Gideon to hold estates by a special act in h i s favor; t h i s J e w lists more complete. T h e excellent library of t h e Society of
had lent his "credit" to t h e government (!) which seems n o t to Genealogists could n o t produce a single volume which was of
have realized t h a t it had a lot of its own, and falsely posing as a direct help in collecting t h e material for t h i s pamphlet, which we
Christian, for he never ceased his p a y m e n t s to the synagogue a n d hope, therefore, will find a place on its shelves; b u t we think s o m e -
263553—19504
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 15
thing will prevent it getting there. It may be of interest to m e n - (6th) Earl of Craven is great-grandson of t h e Jew Bradley Martin.
tion t h a t Debrett's Peerage is published by t h e same Jew firm, (17th) Earl of Devon is son of a Jewish Silva.
Odhams Press, Ltd., which r u n s t h e Dally Herald. Sir Sydney Lee Countess Loudoun (in her own right) is descended from t h e Jew
(Jew) edited t h e Dictionary of National Biography, so we get little Treves.
help from those. And t h e Jew, M. Epstein, edits t h e Annual (6th) Earl of Mexborough is son of a Raphael. The last earl
Register. was his half-brother a n d a Buddhist.
We have omitted from our list certain cases where Jewesses have (6th) Earl of Romney is descended from t h e Jew Treves.
married into noble families in which t h e titles are now extinct or (2d) Viscount Bearstead is a Samuel, and owns 150,000 acres;
from which marriages there was no issue. he is chairman of Shell Transport and a director of Lloyds Bank.
In our investigations we found t h a t t h e s t a t e m e n t m a d e by Viscount Castlerosse says he has Jewish blood, b u t we know no
J. M. Macdlarmid in T h e Deer Forests t h a t t h e Leveson-Gower details. He is son of t h e fifth earl of Kenmare.
family was descended from "a London Jew money lender" is false; (9th) Viscount Chetwynd is a descendant of the Jew Gideon.
t h e name "Leveson" in t h i s case has no Jewish application. Also, (3d) Viscount Esher is of Jewish blood; we do not know whether
t h e s t a t e m e n t m a d e in t h e Jewish Daily Post, J u n e 17, 1935, t h a t t h e source was of one or of two generations back, or both, b u t his
t h e present Duchess of Norfolk h a s Jewish blood, is u n t r u e ; she is sister a d m i t t e d it in t h e Sunday Dispatch of August 11, 1935, saying
t h e second wife of t h e last duke and m o t h e r of t h e present duke; she was proud of it. He married a Jewish Hecksher.
and it was t h e first wife of t h e last duke, who left no heir, who h a d (8th) Viscount Galway, descended from t h e second viscount who
Jewish blood. The Universe is in error in s t a t i n g (Feb. 4, 1937) married t h e Jewess Villa Real in 1747; t h e viscount is stated to be
t h a t the Marquess of Bute is descended from t h e Jew Treves. proud of his Jewish blood.
Many Jewish titles, sometimes camouflaged, like those of Barons (2d) Viscount Goschen, banker. ("Goschen was a Jew," Lord
Wandsworth (real name, Stern) and Pirbright (real name, De Riddell in More Pages From My Diary, 1908-14, 1934, p. 7.)
Worms), are fortunately extinct. Extinct, also, is t h e baronetcy of (6th) Baron Auckland is descended from t h e Jew Gideon.
Sir Edgar Speyer, which was revoked by a notice in t h e Times of (5th) Baron Brabourne's mother was a Jewish Von Flesch-Brun-
December 14, 1921, on account of his unlawful communication and ningen.
trading with t h e enemy d u r i n g t h e war. (3d) Baron B u r n h a m , whose original n a m e . Levy, was altered to
The effect, of even a slight mixture of Jewish blood in an Aryan Lawson. Members of this family have married into gentile-titled
family is often very great. It alters t h e political outlook of t h e families as follows: T h e Hulse baronetcy, t h e present baronet being
individual because it alters t h e instincts themselves. free from this Levy blood; t h e family of the late Sir H. de Bathe.
"One Chink or Negro or even Jew ancestor a long way back Bart., with issue; and t h e present baron's niece married t h e son of
will u n d o your Anglo-Saxon composition, of which you may claim t h e second Earl of Leicester.
an u n b r o k e n line of purely Essex stock, more thoroughly t h a n if (2d) Baron Cranworth is distantly descended from t h e Jew, Sam-
all your ancestors, from your p a r e n t s back, h a d been Dutch, Ger- uel Du Pass, t h r o u g h his mother.
man, Swede, Dane, French, Russian, Portuguese, Italian, or any (1st) Baron Duveen, trustee of many art galleries.
other easily assimilated Aryan race." W. Gerhardi in Memoirs (1st) Baron Southwood, lately J. S. Elias, chairman of Odhams
of a Polyglot, 1931. Press, Ltd., and controller of a large section of t h e dally and weekly
When a large n u m b e r of individuals in c o m m a n d i n g social or newspapers, including t h e Daily Herald.
political positions are rendered partly Asiatic in instinct, t h e (8th) Baron Foley's mother was a Greenstone.
nation itself becomes t h e victim of these destructive instincts. (3d) Baron Herschell is of Jewish origin, and is a lord in waiting.
Referring to Colonel Lane's book, T h e Allen Menace, t h e Na- (1st) Baron Hirst, chairman of General Electric Co., and of Em-
tional Review confirms t h i s in the following words: pire Commission of British Industries and of t h e Association of
"English men and women are constantly asking themselves how Textile I n s t i t u t e s .
it comes about t h a t a twist is so frequently given to British policy (1st) Baron Jessel, who was Controller of Horses Disposal Board
t h a t is clearly not in accordance with British interests. There is after t h e war; also chairman of Military Services Committee Panel
usually somebody in a position, at t h e psychological m o m e n t , to of 1918; and is president of t h e London Municipal Society. His son
deflect our government, whatever party be in power, into some h a s married t h e daughter of t h e Marquess of Londonderry.
line of action t h a t is unintelligible at t h e t i m e and is fraught (1st) Baron Mancroft, formerly Sir A. M. Samuel, Bart., who has
with disastrous consequences. * * * It is as t h o u g h some held countless i m p o r t a n t a p p o i n t m e n t s u n d e r t h e government.
hostile influence were steadily throwing grit i n t o the machine. (2d) Baron Melchett, who, in Modern Money, advised t h e sale
In every international financial a r r a n g e m e n t we fare badly, a n d of some of our Pacific and Atlantic possessions to pay off t h e war
t h e whole story of reparations a n d war debts is h u m i l i a t i n g in t h e debt; opened t h e business efficiency exhibition, 1933; is a leading
extreme and calculated to make us t h e world's laughing stock as advocate of t h e Jew racket called planning, and is head of t h e
well as t h e world's milk cow. It is in t h i s connection t h a t such a English Zionist Federation. Melchett's sister married t h e new Lord
book as Colonel Lane has written • « • throws a timely Reading, and a n o t h e r sister married Sir N. A. Pearson, b u t was
searchlight. It is in t h e higher r a n k s of society t h a t t h e alien divorced.
menace is formidable t h r o u g h t h e influence exercised in govern- (2d) Baron Michelham, real n a m e Stern. One of his daughters
m e n t departments, in Downing Street, a n d high finance by gentry married t h e fourth Baron Sherborne, b u t without issue.
of unmistakable foreign origin." (1st) Baron O'Neill, distantly Jewish in blood t h r o u g h t h e fami-
The repulsive physical appearance of t h e H i t h e r Asiatic or lies of Lords Galway and Crewe.
Armenold race is often passed on over m a n y generations of a Baroness Ravensdale is Lord Curzon's daughter and is grand-
Jew-contaminated Aryan family. d a u g h t e r of t h e Jew L. Z. Letter. She is unmarried.
T h r o u g h o u t t h i s p a m p h l e t , t h e word "Jew" is employed in its (3d) Baron N. M. V. Rothschild. T h e intermarriages of t h e
racial sense, implying Armenold, Mongoloid, or Oriental blood. Rothschild family have already been referred to. There h a s re-
T h e a p p o i n t m e n t s mentioned in connection w i t h any individual cently been a Rothschild u n i o n with t h e son of Baron Kemsley,
are either past or present ones. T h e lists given below are of of t h e newspaper-owning family of Berry.
present titleholders only. (2d) Baron Strachle, son of a Jewish Braham.
(3d) Baron Swaythling is a Samuel, and is head of Samuel
HEREDITARY TITLEHOLDERS OF J E W I S H BLOOD Montagu & Co., International loan bankers.
(12th) Duke of St. Albans, whose grandfather was t h e Jew, Dowager Countess of Desart is t h e daughter of a Bischoffsheina,
R. Bernal Osborne, M. P. T h e Duke married t h e d a u g h t e r of b u t t h e present earl is n o t her Bon.
t h e fifth Marquess of Lansdowne, a n d is t h e hereditary grand Sir G. W. Albu, Bart. (South African gold mines and diamonds).
falconer. Sir Alfred Beit, Bart., (the same interests), actually half Jew.
(8th) Duke of R i c h m o n d is son of a Ricardo of Jewish blood. Sir H. J. D. Broughton, Bart., a great grandson of a Rosenzweig
(1st) Marquess of Crewe, Is descended from t h e second Viscount Sir H. J. W. Bruce, Bart., descended from a Ricardo.
Galway, who married t h e Jewess, Villa Real; his second wife was Sir S. J. Bull, Bart., is son of a Jewish Brandon.
t h e d a u g h t e r of t h e fifth Earl of Rosebery and his wife, w h o was Sir J u l i a n Cahn, Bart., director of Everyman Weekly.
H a n n a Rothschild. T h e family n a m e is Crewe-Milnes. The Sir Felix Cassel, Bart., Judge advocate general.
marquess is a privy councilor, has occupied Cabinet positions, and Sir H. B. Cohen. Bart.
was His Majesty's Ambassador at Paris, 1922-28. Sir Guy Colin Campbell, Bart., is son of a Jewish Lehmann.
(2d) Marquess of Reading. He is t h e son of t h e late Rufus 81r T. H. W. Chitty, Bart., is t h e son of a Jewish Newbolt.
Isaacs, who was a privy councilor, a n d who was Lord Warden of Sir R. C. G. Cotterell, Bart., grandson of a Ricardo.
t h e Cinque Ports, a position once held by t h e present King when 81r P. V. David, Bart., a Bassoon.
Prince of Wales; was also Viceroy of India, and was chiefly re- Sir O. E. D'Avlgdor-Goldsmld, Bart., who has been high sheriff of
sponsible for t h e "white paper" surrender of t h a t vast empire, Kent.
won to us by British valor and retained by straight dealing; was Sir J o h n Ellerman, Bart.
made Lord Chief Justice of England 3 m o n t h s after having a d m i t t e d Sir J. P. G. M. Fitzgerald, Bart., is t h e son of a Bischoffsheim and
publicly his "mistake of j u d g m e n t " in connection with t h e has married t h e daughter of t h e 7th Earl of Dunmore.
Marconi scandal. Rufus Isaacs' brother was t h e power behind Sir G. S. Fry, Bart., is grandson of t h e Jewish Capper Pass.
t h e British Broadcasting Co., and appointed its chief, Sir J o h n Sir William Garthwalte, Bart., is son of a Jewish Andrade, married
Reith. The present Marquess married t h e d a u g h t e r of t h e l a t e a Rodrigues, a n d h i s son married t h e daughter of t h e Jew Lord
Lord Melchett, t h e Jew, Mond. Duveen.
(6th) Earl of Rosebery, t h e son of t h e fifth earl and a R o t h s - Sir E. C. Goschen, Bart.
child mother, one of whose d a u g h t e r s married t h e p r e s e n t Marquess Sir H. Goschen, Bart.
of Crewe. The earl is a great landowner. Sir J. L. H a n h a m , Bart., is son of a Jewish Lopes.
(20th) Earl of Suffolk, whose m o t h e r was t h e d a u g h t e r of t h e Sir R. L. Hare, Bart., is descended from t h e Jew Treves.
Jew, L. Z. Letter; he is also d i s t a n t l y descended from J o h n Moses. Sir P. A. Harris, B a r t , M. P.
263553—19504
16 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
S i r F. D. S. Head. Bart., is descended from Mendes, t h e Jew physi- as having Jewish features; he was b o r n in Soho and his origins
cian of Catherine de Braganza. "be has never illuminated." Nevertheless, Mr. Hamilton says t h a t
Sir J C. W. Herschel, Bart., is of d i s t a n t Jewish blood, b u t , accord- t h e Baron is pure English; a curious phenomenon.
ing to a book, The Real Jew. edited by H. Newman, page 164. " a n y - (1st) Baron Parmoor married Lady Passfield's sister.
t h i n g which can be called Jewish was absolutely zero," in his (6th) Baron P l u n k e t married a Jewish Lewis.
distinguished grandfather, t h e astronomer. Sir L. C. W. Alexander, Bart., married t h e daughter of t h e Jewish
Sir George Jessel, Bart. Baron Cable.
Sir H. A. W. Johnson, Bart., is great-grandson of t h e Jewess R e - Sir J. W. Beynon, Bart., married a Moses.
becca Franks. Sir J. H. B l u n t . Bart., married a Goldsmid-Stern-Salomans.
Sir H. L. C. Brassey, Bart., married t h e d a u g h t e r of a Jewish
Sir C. G. Lampson, Bart., is t h e son of a Jewish Van Gelderen. Ricardo.
Sir T. P. Larcom. Bart., is descended from a Jewish D'Aguilar. Sir E. C. Coates, Bart., married a Crewe-Milnes of d i s t a n t Jewish
Sir H. J. Lawson, Bart., is grandson of a Jewish Lousada. blood.
Sir G. E. Leon, Bart. Sir T. Colyer-Fergusson, Bart., married a Cohen as his second
Sir T. J. P. Lever, Bart., publisher, whose grandfather adopted wife.
this old English n a m e to camouflage t h e fact t h a t his real n a m e is Sir H. G. de Bathe, Bart., married t h e d a u g h t e r of a Warschow-
Levy. sky.
Sir E. J. M. Levy. Bart. Sir A. E. H. Dean Paul married a Jewish Wieliawski. "Brenda"
Sir G. J. E. Lewis, Bart, of t h e firm of lawyers Lewis & Lewis, who was a daughter.
keep in their cupboards t h e skeletons belonging to m a n y great
British families. Sir T. E. P. Falkiner, Bart., married t h e g r a n d d a u g h t e r of a
Sir H. T. B. Lopes, Bart., of Jew descent; h a s married t h e sister of Ricardo.
t h e Earl of Mount Edgcumbe. Sir G. C. Hamilton married a Jewish Simon.
Sir P. Magnus, Bart. Sir L. J. Jones. Bart., married a Schuster as h i s second wife,
Sir A. J. Meyer, Bart. b u t his heir is by h i s first wife.
Sir C. G. J. Newman, Bart., whose b r o t h e r married t h e d a u g h t e r Sir E. A. Lechmere, Bart., married t h e d a u g h t e r of a Samuels.
of t h e 2nd Baron Loch. (Real n a m e , N e u m a n n . ) Sir R. Leeds, Bart., married a Jewish Singer
Sir M. B. G. Oppenheimer, Bart., whose father married t h e Sir C. E. Lyle, Bart., of t h e sugar-monopolist firm T a t e ft Lyle,
daughter of Sir R. G. Harvey, Bart. married a Levy and his son married t h e d a u g h t e r of Sir J o h n
81r L. L. Faudel-Phillips, Bart., whose sister married Baron H o t h - Jarvis, conservative M. P. for Guildford.
fleld's brother. Sir E. O. McTaggart-Stewart, Bart., married a descendant of t h e
Sir Lionel P. Phillips, Bart., whose father was arrested in 1896 Jew Treves.
and condemned to d e a t h for high treason, b u t was released; i n t e r - Sir A. Moir. Bart., married t h e g r a n d d a u g h t e r of a Jewish
ests. South African mines, S u d a n cotton, etc. Franklin.
Sir B. L. B. Prescott's (Bart.) m o t h e r was d a u g h t e r of t h e Jew Sir Oswald Mosley, Bart., married a g r a n d d a u g h t e r of t h e Jew
Lionel Lawson. L. Z. Letter; he is chief of British Union of Fascists.
Sir L. R. Richardson, Bart., interested in S o u t h African wool; h i s Sir. P. G. J. Mostyn, Bart., married a Jewish Marks.
daughter was General S m u t s ' secretary. Sir J. Gordon Nairne, Bart., married a Costa Ricci.
Sir H. L. Rothband, Bart., of J. Mandleberg & Co., waterproofers. Sir N. A. Pearson, Bart., married a Mond, b u t obtained a divorce.
Sir E. L. Samuel, Bart., Australian wool interests. Sir Giles E. Sebright, Bart., married t h e granddaughter of an
Sir H. B. Samuelson, Bart., is of Jewish family which has inter- Isaacs.
married to a large extent with gentiles. Sir C. E. Warde married a "de Stern."
Sir Philip A. G. D. Sassoon, Bart., a Privy Councilor a n d first We are convinced t h a t if we could get proof of certain facts
commissioner of works; c h a i r m a n of National Gallery Board; once regarding t h e relationships of other titled families, we could more
secretary to Lloyd George, a n d acted as such at Peace Conference; t h a n double t h e above list.
royalty accepts hospitality from t h i s Jew, who is a Rothschild on Here is a "mixed pickle" of Jewish relationships which we print,
his mother's side. His sister married t h e Marquis of Cholmondeley. n o t because these cases necessarily influence t h e titled people m e n -
Sir E. V. Sassoon. Bart., of Bombay, who h a s been a member of tioned in every instance, as some of t h e m may detest t h e connec-
t h e Legislative Assembly, I n d i a . tion, b u t to show how i n t i m a t e t h e Jewish penetration has
Sir Felix V. Schuster, Bart., held to be a high b a n k i n g a u t h o r i t y . become:
Sir R. P. Staples. Bart., is descended from t h e Jew Mendes. (9th) Duke of Devonshire's brother married a descendant of t h e
Sir G. J. V. Thomas, Bart., whose m o t h e r was a Jewish Oppen- Jew B e r n a l Osborne.
heim. (11th) Marquess of Tweeddale married a Ralli. stepdaughter of
Sir W. R. Tuck, Bart., whose firm p r i n t s Christmas cards. an Einstein.
Sir D. Wernher, Bart., is son of a Jewish Mankiewicz. (2d) Marquess of Milford Haven is brother-in-law to Cassel
Sir H. E. Yarrow, Bart., is son of a Jewish Franklin. offspring.
T h e Earl of Birkenhead is descended from an oriental called (7th) Marquess of Londonderry's d a u g h t e r married a Jessel. His
Bathsheba, described in a recent biography as a gypsy. Racially, it heir is godfather to a Jewish Jessel.
m a t t e r s little whether it was gypsy or Jew. He married Baron (4th) Marquess of Salisbury's heir, Viscount Cranborne, married
Camrose's daughter, and his sister married Baron Camrose's son. a descendant of t h e Jew Bernal Osborne.
(7th) Earl Beauchamp's d a u g h t e r is godmother to t h e son of
HALF-BREEDS I N T H E M A K I N G Hon. E. Jessel.
As t h o u g h t h a t were n o t enough, t h e following noblemen a n d (5th) Earl Peel's a u n t married Charles S. Goldman, M. P., and
baronets now holding their titles have married women of Jewish t h e Earl's uncle is a director in t h e Jew international bank of
blood; their heirs, if by descent from these will be Jewish aristo- 8. J a p h e t & Co.
crats: (27th) Earl of Crawford's heir married a descendant of t h e Jew
(9th) Duke of Roxburghe married t h e g r a n d d a u g h t e r of a Bernal Osborne. Another son married t h e d a u g h t e r of a Jewish
Rothschild. Van Raalte.
(5th) Marquess of Cholmondeley's wife is a Sassoon. (17th) Earl of Derby's d a u g h t e r married t h e son of a Rothschild.
(16th) Marquess of Winchester married a Jewess, Mrs. Claude ( 7 t h ) Earl Spencer's brother married a Jewish B l u m e n t h a l .
Marks. (7th) Earl of Orkney is nephew of Baroness de Samuel.
(7th) Earl Castle Stewart married a Guggenheim. (4th) Earl of Verulam is brother-in-law of a Cassel.
. (2d) Earl of Inchcape married t h e Jewish Ranee of Sarawak's (9th) Earl of Jersey's stepfather is a Jewish Slessor.
daughter. (6th) Earl Ranfurly's stepfather is a Jewish Lezard.
(6th) Earl of Rosse married a Jewish Messel. (2d) Earl Oxford a n d Asqulth's sister married t h e cousin of a
(1st) Viscount St. Davids married first a Jewish Gerstenberg; a n d half-Rothschild. A d i s t a n t relationship, b u t significant from a
secondly a descendant of t h e Jew Treves by whom is his heir. political s t a n d p o i n t .
(1st) Viscount Bledisloe married a Lopes for h i s first wife, a n d (2d) Viscount Chelmsford's brother-in-law is a Jew Goldman.
his heir is her son. (5th) Viscount S i d m o u t h ' s brother-in-law is a Jew Harris.
(1st) Viscount Dawson of P e n n married t h e d a u g h t e r of a (2d) Viscount Scarsdale's d a u g h t e r ' s godmother is Mrs. Simon
Jewish Franklin. Marks.
(3d) Baron Crawshaw married t h e g r a n d d a u g h t e r of a Ricardo. (1st) Viscount Greenwood is brother-in-law of t h e half-Jew
(2d) Baron Hamilton of Dalzell's married t h e d a u g h t e r of a Jewish politician L. C. M. S. Amery of t h e Privy Council.
Lawson. (1st) Viscount Davidson's second son's godmother is t h e Jewish
(8th) Baron Howard de Walden married a Jewish Van Raalti. Lady Reading.
(12th) Baron Kinnaird married a Clifton of Treves blood. (1st) Viscount R u n c i m a n ' s son's first wife was a Jewish Lehman.
(1st) Baron May married a Strauss. (2d) Viscount Halifax's eldest son married t h e granddaughter
(1st) Baron M o u n t Temple's first wife was a Jewish Cassel. of a Rothschild.
(3d) Baron O'Hagan married as first wife t h e d a u g h t e r of a (1st) Viscount Hallsham's brother married t h e granddaughter
Jewish Braham. by whom is his heir. of a Gompertz.
(1st) Baron Passfield, formerly Sidney Webb, a Fabian Socialist, (8th) Viscount Powerscourt's heir married into t h e Jew family
m a r r i e d the granddaughter of a "tall, dark woman of Jewish type," of Beddington.
and his biographer states t h a t Beatrice Webb, now Lady Passfield, (13th) Viscount Falkland's sister-in-law was a Jewish Leon.
inherited many of her characteristics. (See Sidney and Beatrice (2d) Viscount Chilston is brother-in-law of a Samuelson.
Webb, by M. A. Hamilton, p. 41.) This appears to be t h e daughter (1st) Baron Rankeillour's second son married a Jewish Ricardo.
of J o h n Aked. Baron Passfield himself is described by Mr. H a m i l t o n (3d) Baron Gerard's sister married t h e Jew Baron de Forest.
263553—19504
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 17
(4th) Baron Annaly is brother-in-law to Viscount Galway, of Generally speaking, when people of Aryan family look like Jews,
Jew descent. they are Jewish.
(2d) Baron Aberdare is brother-in-law of Lord Rosebery, son K N I G H T S OF ENGLAND
of a Rothschild.,
(4th) Baron Fermoy's d a u g h t e r h a s a Sassoon as godparent. The list of Jewish k n i g h t s which follows gives no real idea of
(2d) Baron Hamilton of Dalzell's nephew, his heir presumptive, t h e Jewish c o n t a m i n a t i o n of t h e once-prized honor of knighthood.
and himself son of a Ricardo, married t h e d a u g h t e r of t h e second It is far more difficult to get at t h e ancestry of holders of non-
Baron B u r n h a m (Lawson, Levi). hereditary titles t h a n it is of t h e others. It is easier for your
Jewish k n i g h t to camouflage himself, and there is no d o u b t what-
(1st) Baron Kemsley's son married a Rothschild. ever t h a t t h e r e are as m a n y Marrano Jews today in this country
(2d) Baron Phillimore's heir married a Pereira. working for Jewry u n d e r Christianized n a m e s and under t h e Chris-
(2d) Baron Hothfleld's heir married a Raphael. His brother t i a n religion-as ever t h e r e were in Spain and Portugal. We include
married a Jewish Faudel-Phillips. in t h e list below only n a m e s of living k n i g h t s of undoubted Jewish
( 7 t h ) Baron Ravensworth's sister married a Speyer. blood; we know t h e r e are scores of others, a n d we may be able to
Sir E. J. P. Benn's (Bart.) heir married t h e daughter of t h e Jew add to t h e list in future editions, particularly if our readers will
Sir Maurice Hankey; and his d a u g h t e r married P. S h i n k m a n . assist us in t h e business of Identification.
81r H. M. Huntington-Whiteley (Bart.) (who married Mr. Stanley
Baldwin's d a u g h t e r ) h a s a sister-in-law Cohn. T h e a p p o i n t m e n t s mentioned are either past or present ones.
Sir J. D. Orr-Lewis (Bart.) is brother-in-law of a Stern. Sir S. S. Abrahams, chief Justice, Tanganyika.
Sir L. R. Phillips' (Bart.) heir married a Jewish L e h m a n n . Sir M. A. Abrahamson, of an engineering firm in Denmark; was
Sir A. C. Cory-Wright's (Bart.) heir married a Jewish Tree; a n - commissioner for repatriation of British a n d Allied prisoners of war.
other son married a Levy. Sir George de S. Barrow.
Sir B. G. D. Sheffield's (Bart.) son married a Jewish Faudel- Sir M. Bloch.
Phillips. Sir M. J. Bonn, banker; c h a i r m a n of London regional advisory
Sir J. H. B. Noble's (Bart.) son married t h e g r a n d d a u g h t e r of a committee for Juvenile unemployment.
Jewish Goldsmid. Sir Montague B u r t o n , cut-price tailor.
Sir R. Bonsor's (Bart.) sister married a Jewish Hambro. Sir B. A. Cohen, barrister.
Sir H. W. Hulse's (Bart.) son has a Jewish Lawson as godfather. Sir L. L. Cohen, banker and stockbroker and member of numerous
Sir C. G. E. Welby's (Bart.) son married a Jewish Gregory. British economic committees.
In many of t h e above cases, t h e heir to t h e t i t l e is involved. Sir R. Waley Cohen, of Shell O i l and of Baldwins, Ltd.
Once more, we m u s t emphasize how incomplete t h e above list Sir S. S. Cohen.
still is. Sir A. Castellani, expert on tropical diseases. His daughter mar-
We do n o t know exactly how to classify— ried Sir Miles Lampson.
Baron Strabolgi, formerly Commander Kenworthy, Socialist M. P., Sir Albert Clavering (formerly Closenberg), propaganda officer, cen-
b u t t h e Dally Telegraph of April 16, 1934, is less cautious and tral conservative office.
Includes h i m in a list of w h a t it described as t h e "leaders of Sir H. Courthope-Munroe (real n a m e Isaacs). Has had many
British Jewry." Lord Strabolgi looks Jewish, boosts t h e Jewish i m p o r t a n t a p p o i n t m e n t s in industrial arbitration and church tithe
nation at every opportunity and reacts like a Jew, and once was work.
a director of t h e European & Caucasian Export & I m p o r t Co., Sir S. D'A. Crookshank, major general; general secretary, officers'
which, as the Patriot states, May 23, 1929, h a d a capital of £2,200 association.
and "could be n o t h i n g b u t an intermediary between t h e Soviet Sir S. D a n n r e u t h e r , son of a Jewish Ionldes; deputy secretary.
t h a t found t h e banking security and t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r s who sold Air Ministry
t h e goods." Sir Edmund Davis, director of m a n y mining companies.
Sir Ernest Davis, New Zealand.
Lord Marley is another baron w h o appears to be a little shy as Sir Benjamin Drage, installment furniture dealer.
to his ancestry: Burke simply reveals h i m to be t h e grandson of Sir W. Deedes, brigadier general.
George Joachim Aman, b u t Lord Marley's actions show t h a t , w h a t - Sir J o h n Ducane, was commander in chief, British Army on the
ever he may be, he c a n n o t regard it libelous to be described at Rhine. 1924-27; Governor of Malta. 1927-31.
least as an "artificial Jew": he spends m u c h of his t i m e boosting
Jews and defending Jew interests. Sir P. H. Ezechiel 3d, crown agent to t h e colonies since 1920.
Sir D. E. D. Ezra, late sheriff of Calcutta.
There are scores of other "lords" who are far too shy to reveal Sir L. Franklin, of A. Keyser & Co., Jew bankers; was in charge of
even their mothers' names. Surely it is an i m p o r t a n t t h i n g t h a t Belgian refugees at Folkestone.
t h e British Democrat should know s o m e t h i n g of t h e origins of, Sir F. E. Fremantle, a descendant of t h e Jew Gideon.
say, Barons Arnold, Passfield, and Snell, seeing t h a t they hold Sir S. R. Fremantle, whose mother was an Isaacs.
prominent positions in t h e affairs of our country. Then there is
Baron Ashfield, whose father changed his n a m e from Knatries to Sir S. H. Fremantle, brother of foregoing.
Stanley; this fact is n o t given in Burke's Peerage, and we should Sir S. Glucksteln, tobacco magnate.
like to know if he was a Jew. Have we n o t a r i g h t to know? Sir F. W. Goldstone, general secretary, National Union of Teachers.
Sir W. H. Goschen, c h a i r m a n of S u n Insurance office.
W h a t Is t h e use of a peerage reference book which does n o t Sir H. G r a u m a n n , interested in S o u t h African gold a n d mayor of
tell where Jewish blood comes in? Johannesburg.
A s t a t e m e n t originally m a d e by Mr. Shane Leslie, t h a t Lord Sir A. M. Green, High Commissioner for India in London.
Curzon of Kedleston had a Jewish g r a n d m o t h e r , and repeated by Sir C. E. Hambro, director of banks, Insurance companies, etc.
B. Falk in He Laughed in Fleet Street has, we u n d e r s t a n d from Sir M. Hankey, clerk to H. M. Privy Council and secretary of
Mr. Leslie himself, been withdrawn by h i m . We do n o t know countless International conferences. (See t h e Facist for May 1935).
whether or no it should have been withdrawn. Name of his great-grandfather changed to Hankey from Alers.
"For over 14 years she h a d counted Lady Rothschild as her best Sir Victor Harari Pasha, director general of accounts, Egyptian
friend," said Lady Snowden, on March 19 at t h e Jubilee appeal for Ministry of Finance.
t h e Jewish Association for t h e Protection of Girls, at Grosvenor Sir D. Harris, of De Beers.
House, Park Lane. Sir P. J. Hartog, I n d i a n educationalist.
The Earls of Listowel and of Warwick helped to direct t h e Jewish Sir P. G. Henriques, once assistant secretary, Ministry of Muni-
Daily Post of London, which has since gone into liquidation. tions.
According to t h e Jewish Chronicle of May 10, Lord W i n t e r t o n Sir A. Hirtzel, in India office since 1894, becoming Permanent
stated in t h e House of Commons, May 7, t h a t although he was n o t Under Secretary of State for India, 1924-30.
aware of any Jewish blood among his ancestors, he would be very Sir G. B. Hurst, M. P. (formerly Hertz).
proud of it if there was. F a u g h ! Sir Isaac A. Isaacs, Governor General of Australia. Member of the
Lady Diana Cooper's child had as its godfather t h e late Otto committee which formed t h e Australian constitution.
Kahn, of K u h n , Loeb & Co. Sir J. G. Jarmay, of B r u n n e r Mond & Co.
The Balfours, Cecils, Churchills, Lyttons, Russells, and Stanleys Sir F. L'E Joseph, president of t h e Federation of British Indus-
seem to have a sort of hereditary lack of Aryan good taste in favor- tries.
ing Jews. Sir S. G. Joseph, mayor of Marylebone.
Lady Patricia Moore, d a u g h t e r of t h e t e n t h Earl of Drogheda, Sir E. Kadoorle, Iraq educationalist.
served as head of a committee of t h e British Association of Macca- Sir Cecil H. Kisch, Assistant Under Secretary of State for India
bees in 1933, together with t h e careerist, Mr. Randolph Churchill. and member of International financial conferences as British rep-
This is an exclusively Jewish n a t i o n a l organization and we do not resentative.
know what these two were doing there. Sir Leon Levison, a u t h o r .
Adultery with Jews accounts for certain cases where individuals Sir C. B. Levita, l i e u t e n a n t colonel.
of obvious hither Asiatic race suddenly appear in old Aryan families Sir J. A. Levy, Jewel dealer.
of nobility. The usual chain of circumstances in these cases was Sir H. C. Luke (Lusach), has held countless diplomatic key
described in The Fascist of May 1934, in an article called A 81de positions.
Line of Usury. It is the greater scandal t h a t these cases may not Sir F. J. Marquis, of Lewis', Ltd.; has occupied many key positions
here be advertised so t h a t t h e Eurasian progeny m i g h t be chivied in Industrial councils, etc., In t h i s country.
but of our British aristocracy, which they m u s t permanently con- Sir H. Marks, big-business m a n in South Seas.
taminate. These Jew-features cross-breeds often further betray Sir Charles Mendl. press attache, British Embassy, Paris.
themselves by their instinctive leanings toward Marxism and Sir S. F. Mendl, member of war office advisory committee on Army
finance and by a preference and sympathy for Jewish company contracts.
and Jewish causes. They often live u n d e r t h e perpetual shadow Sir R. L. Mond, interesting himself in archaeology.
of Jewish blackmail. Sir H. A. Miers, geologist.
263553—19504 3
18 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
Sir M. Myers, chief Justice of New Zealand. Other knights have allowed their children to marry Jews or
Sir M Nathan, has had five colonial governorships. Jewesses, or have other family ties with Jews, a s :
Sir F. G. Newbolt, official referee, supreme court. Sir Hugh S. Barnes' daughter has a Rothschild as son-in-law.
Sir H. J. Newbolt, official naval historian, 1923; controller of Sir F. Bowater's son married t h e daughter of a Jewish Franklin.
wireless and cables in European War. Sir J. F. S. Coleridge's d a u g h t e r married a Seligman.
Sir E. Oppenheimer, chairman of Anglo-American Corporation Sir W. Dalrymple's son married a Jewish Albu.
of South Africa. Sir Austin E. Harris's son married a Bahrens.
Sir P. Oppenheimer, British delegate in many International com- Sir J. A. Hawke's d a u g h t e r married t h e Jew Sir P. C. Simmons.
missions. Sir A. Hopkinson's daughter married Sir G. B. Hurst (Hertz).
Sir C. E. Pereira, major-general. Sir T. G. Horridge married t h e widow of A. Isenberg.
Sir F. Pollitzer. Sir Oliver Lodge's d a u g h t e r married a Jewish Yarrow.
Sir Landon Ronald, musical conductor. Sir W. Monckton's wife's stepfather is a Cohen.
Sir C. Rosenthal, major-general. 81r Guy Standing's daughter married a Jewish Leon.
Sir W. Rothenstein, artist. Some of t h e k n i g h t s mentioned are themselves Jewish, b u t we
Sir Isidore Salmon, of J. Lyons & Co., served on many important have no proofs in these cases and therefore make no distinctions.
public bodies. T h e following are women of Jewish blood bearing titles as being
Sir H. Samuelson. widows of k n i g h t s :
Sir Claude Schuster, p e r m a n e n t secretary to Lord Chancelor. Lady M. Barnard (nee Loewen).
Sir G. E. Schuster, on many bank directorates and financial Lady C. M. Chermside, d a u g h t e r of 1st Baron Reuter.
commissions. Lady De Pass (nee Mercado).
Sir C. D. Seligman. member of advisory committee of Export Lady A. de Villiers, daughter of Simon Davis.
Credits Guarantee Department. Board of Trade. Lady M. H. Egerton, d a u g h t e r of a Jewish Franklin.
Sir P. C. Simmons, London County council. Lady A. Gollancz (nee G o l d s c h m l d t ) .
Sir E. D Simon, Lord Mayor of Manchester. Lady A. R. Goodrich (nee Helbert, originally Israel).
Sir H. H. Slesser, lord Justice. Lady A. G. Gregg (nee S a m u e l ) .
Sir H. J, Stanley, Governor of Southern Rhodesia; real name, Lady A. Hayter (nee Slessor).
Bonnenthal. Lady L. Henry (nee Levy).
Sir L. S. Sterling. Lady A. E. Henschell (nee Louis).
Sir Albert Stern, director-general, mechanical warfare depart- Lady H. E. F. Jacoby (nee L i e p m a n n ) .
ment. Lady D. F. James (nee Basevi).
Sir H. Strakosch, expert on scores of Empire financial commis- Lady K. de V. Lambton, granddaughter of t h e Jew, Bernal
sions; British financial representative. League of Nations. Osborne.
Sir Aurel Stein, explorer and traveler to Tibet, etc. Lady J. V. Lucas (nee H e n r i q u e s ) .
Sir Thomas White, chairman of Central Valuation Committee for Lady P. Lyons (nee C o h e n ) .
England and Wales. Lady A. Mandelberg (nee B a r n e t t ) .
Sir H. A. Wernher, chairman of Anglo-Swedish Society. Lady V. A. Myers (nee Levy).
Sir A. Zimmern, professor of International relations, Oxford Lady A. E. N a t h a n (nee Sichel).
University. Lady E. Prince (nee J o n a s ) .
Sir Otto Niemeyer denies he is Jewish; he does n o t look iIt; he Lady A. Z. Pringle (nee Levy).
iIs president of the Bank of International Settlements. Lady R. Samuel (nee B e d d i n g t o n ) .
The following Knights now living have married women of Jewish Lady I. Snowden (nee Isaacs).
blood: Lady F. Walston (nee E i n s t e i n ) .
Sir Percy Ashley married a Jewish Hayman. Has been lecturer So, t h e r e is something r o t t e n in t h e state of Denmark.
on history, London School of Economics, and secretary, import We ask our readers to Join us and to help to rouse what is
duties advisory committee. left of t h e great British Nation to race-consciousness. No man
Sir J. M. Astbury married a Jewish Susman (first wife). Judge, or woman can escape t h e responsibility which t h e knowledge given
high court. in t h i s p a m p h l e t forces u p o n t h e m . T h e task cannot be left to
Sir R. M. Banks married an E h r m a n , widow of an Epstein. future generations, because every generation will be more Judaised
Judge. t h a n t h e one before it.
Sir E. C. Benthall married t h e d a u g h t e r of t h e Jewish Baron T h e great Jew-wise reformer. William Cobbett t h u s addressed
Cable; he was Lord Reading's agent in India. t h e nobility of his day (about 1827) in his Letter to t h e Nobility
Sir A. A. Biggs married a Pollak. of England:
Sir C. V. Brooke married a Jewish Brett. Rajah of Sarawak. "You feel » • • t h a t you are not t h e men your grandfathers
Sir E. J. Cameron married an Isaacs. Has had many Colonial were; b u t you have come into your present state by slow degrees,
Governorships. and therefore you c a n n o t tell, even to yourselves, not only how
Sir C. E. Corkran married a Ricardo. General officer command- t h e change has come about, b u t you c a n n o t tell what sort of
ing, London district, 1928-32. change it really is. You may know w h a t it is, however • • •
Sir R. W. Dalton married a Bamberger. Senior trade commis- when you reflect t h a t your grandfathers would as soon have thought
of dining with a chimney sweep t h a n of dining with a Jew or with
sioner of several Dominions. any huckstering reptile who has amassed money by watching the
Sir David Davis married a Platner. Lord Mayor. Birmingham. t u r n of t h e market; t h a t those grandfathers would have thought
Sir S. S. Davis married a Jewish Davis. Many administration it no dishonor at all to sit at table with farmers, or even with
and financial appointments, particularly Palestine. laborers, b u t t h a t they would have s h u n n e d t h e usurious tribe of
Sir P. H. Dent married a descendant of t h e Jew Gideon. Gov- loan Jobbers, and other notorious changers of money as they would
ernor, London School of Economics. have s h u n n e d t h e whirlwind or t h e pestilence."
Sir G. M. Franks married a Garcia. General, president Allied
Commission of Organization, Turkey. GENTLEMEN, YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED KEEP TROTH
Sir R. Goddard married a Schuster. Judge, high court. ( C u r r e n t engagements on going to press: The Marquess of
Sir A. Greer married a Van Noorden. Lord Justice of appeal. Queensberry's daughter to Count Bendem, son of the new Jew
Sir C. J. C. G r a n t married t h e granddaughter of a Rothschild. Baron de Forest.)
General. Revised to November 30, 1937, enlarged with addition of new
Sir J. Hanbury-Williams married a Reiss. Chief of British Mili- n a m e s and removal of others t h r o u g h death, and in three cases
tary Mission with H. Q. Russian Army in Field, 1914-17. t h r o u g h error.
Sir A. E. W. Harman married a Ricardo. General.
Sir Malcolm Hogg married t h e granddaughter of a Jew Gompertz. Steps Toward British Union, a World State, and
Sir A. Hore married t h e widow of J. I. Belisha. P e r m a n e n t Secre-
tary, Minister of Pensions. International Strife—Part VI
Sir H. K. Kitson married a Jewish de Pass. Admiral Superin-
tendent of H. M. Dockyard, P o r t s m o u t h .
Sir Miles Lampson married a Castellani. High Commissioner, REMARKS
Egypt- OF
Sir K. Lee married a Strakosch. On m a n y industrial commis-
sions.
Sir H. J. Mackinder married a Ginsberg, director, London School
HON. J. THORKELSON
of Economics, 1903-8; British High Commissioner, South Russia OF MONTANA
1919-20; chairman, Imperial Economic Conference 1926-31. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Sir W. Morrison married a D'Costa. On legislative council,
Jamaica. Wednesday, August 21, 1940
Sir F. S. Parry married a descendant of the Jew Gideon. Private
secretary, First Lord Treasury 1897-1902; has been deputy chairman,
board of customs, for 25 years. ARTICLE FROM THE SAN FRANCISCO LEADER, FEBRUARY 17
Sir W. T. Southorn married a Jewish Woolf. Colonial' Secretary, AND 24, 1912
Hong Kong
Sir F. T. Spickernell married t h e descendant of a Jew Rosenzweig. Mr. THORKELSON. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend
Secretary to First Sea Lord for 8 years.
Sir M. M. Wood married t h e daughter of Moss Davis. Liberal my own remarks in the RECORD, I include an Article which
whip. is a reprint from the San Francisco Leader of February 17
263553—19504
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 19
and 24, 1912. by Lillian Scott Troy. The article is entitled sympathies w h e n Ambassador to Great Britain; and any fame he
"Benedict Arnold Peace Society—Some Inside and Interest- may have a t t a i n e d was chiefly as an after-dinner speaker.
Mr. Whitelaw Reid, t h e present Ambassador to Great Britain?
ing History of the Infamous Peace Proposal—How the This gentleman is remarkable for t h e facility with which he m a n -
Scheme To Form an Alliance With England Is Being Engi- ages to marry his relatives of t h e gentler sex off to decadent m e m -
neered—Carnegie's Crafty Method." bers of t h e English nobility; and also almost famous for t h e
This is in line with the other matter which I have inserted beaming smile he bestowed upon Commander Sims of t h e U. S. S.
Minnesota w h e n t h a t previously inspired American officer made
In the RECORD, of which it is part VI. In these articles I have his clever faux p a s at t h e Guildhall luncheon in London, given
made it a point to show that this insidious British influence to t h e officers and sailors of t h e American Fleet in t h e Thames some
to return the United States as a colony of Great Britain has s h o r t time since. This speech, which t h e Englishment gulped
down with Joy, and which gave serious offense to Germany, con-
been active for over a hundred years. tained these most u n - A m e r i c a n s e n t i m e n t s :
BBNEDICT ARNOLD PEACE S O C I E T Y - S O M E INSIDE AND INTERESTING
"If Great Britain were to be threatened w i t h an external foe, she
HISTORY OF T H E INFAMOUS " P E A C E " PROPOSAL; H O W T H E S C H E M E could c o u n t u p o n every dollar, every m a n , and every drop of blood
To FORM AN ALLIANCE W I T H ENGLAND IS BEING ENGINEERED; in America."
CARNEGIE'S CRAFTY METHOD
Like t h e famous speech of an ex-President of t h e United States
By L i l l i a n Scott Troy at t h e Guildhall some t i m e previous, it is generally accepted t h a t
[Reprinted from T h e Leader of February 17 a n d February 24, 1912, Commander Sims simply had his little say, as he was parroted to,
San Francisco, Calif.) and felt amply repaid in t h e genial nod a n d beaming smile of
Andrew Carnegie is in high favor in England Just now. Britons approval of t h e American Ambassador.
who formerly sneered at t h e r e t u r n of t h e Scot American to his This speech was intended to convey false news to Germany; it
native Highland h e a t h biyearly, now nod satisfied approval w h e n was intended to scare Germany off.
t h e iron master's name is mentioned. If t h e little "feeler" passed unchallenged in America, t h e intended
When English sneer, they hate; when they hate, they hate forever. end would have been accomplished; if exception were taken as to
Why t h i s sudden change? Carnegie's money? No! His libraries, how a n d for w h o m we Americans were willing to shed every drop
hero funds, etc.? No! His ambition? Yes! of our blood, there was Sims to be t h e scapegoat.
Within t h e soul of t h e little Scotsman dwells a b u r n i n g weakness, I am in Germany as I write t h i s and I w a n t to say right here
which only an experienced physiognomist could discern in his im- t h a t Commander Sims' unlucky inspiration has done exactly what
mobile features. these "Benedict Arnolds" expected it to do, and t h e American
Ambition! Mad ambition; t h e ambition of Caesar. people have been greatly injured in t h e eyes of a friendly nation.
The m a n who so cleverly amassed one of t h e largest individual W i t h o u t any other reason t h a n t h a t t h e Germans have made such
fortunes it has been m a n ' s luck to gather together in the age of wonderful progress in their foreign trade. England has continually
t h e world would be less t h a n h u m a n h a d he n o t some weakness. insulted and misrepresented German motives and ideals u n t i l an
To be ambitious is good b u t to be ambitious with a feverish b u t industrious people have had t h e last straw added and they are going
deliberate intensity which sacrifices principle for trickery and crafti- to have compensation.
ness is bad. T h e master m i n d t h a t engineered t h e ways and m e a n s
to a colossal fortune has no limitations! Carnegie expands and The Boer War opened t h e eyes of England to her own delinquency
basks in the limelight; it is t h e one Joy of his declining years. and she discovered, after all t h e rest of t h e world had done so,
t h a t she was t h e happy possessor of an army t h a t was "brag" and
8ince t h e visit of King Edward to Skibo Castle in Scotland, a a navy officered by sap-beaded gentlemen's sons which was all
new germ of ambition h a s been sown in t h e mind and soul of t h e "boast."
Scotsman. On t h a t memorable day. when he was honored by t h e
King of England, a flag floated over Skibo Castle, which showed t h e The bragging, boasting, and bluffing went merrily on, b u t Great
Stars and Stripes on one side a n d t h e British flag on t h e other. Britain immediately began to look around for crutches and a cane.
As t h e King was leaving t h e castle, after offering Carnegie a d u k e - She m a d e an alliance w i t h J a p a n ; Germany minded her own busi-
dom—on terms, t h e laird of t h e castle is said to have raised his ness and sawed wood. She made an " e n t e n t e " with her old bitter
h a n d to t h e flag and exclaimed subjectively, " T o u r Majesty entered enemy, France; Germany continued to saw wood and work. She
Skibo Castle u n d e r t h e American flag, a n d t h e British flag files made an alliance w i t h Russia and t h e n t r i u m p h a n t l y began to
over your Majesty as you leave. May there be only one flag over insult Germany. She made demands on Germany—commanded her
Skibo Castle when your Majesty graciously design to enter again, to cease increasing her navy. Germany quietly told Great Britain
and may t h a t flag be t h e British flag. And may it also float over t h a t her a r m a m e n t s would increase in t h e ratio of Great Britain's
t h e United States from t h e Atlantic to t h e Pacific." hostile alliances. England tried bluffing and got her bluff nearly
called. Germany said she was ready to take her chances with t h e
Immediately after t h e peacemaker's visit, t h e Carnegie peace q u a r t e t of England, J a p a n , France, and Russia, b u t politely added
fund was started in America. t h a t she m u c h preferred to work and increase t h e prosperity and
The fair n a m e of peace was s u b s t i t u t e d for treachery a n d b e - happiness of her people; b u t * * * If Great Britain wished to
trayal. The word "peace" c a u g h t t h e popular m i n d for t h e m o - have a little fracas * * * "Barkis was willin'."
m e n t . T h e subtlety which marks t h e character of Andrew Carnegie
forbade m e n t i o n i n g a r b i t r a t i o n with England u n t i l t h e peace fund Like t h e slinking coyote which has t h e will and desire b u t not
had been well advertised, a n d duly cemented in t h e minds of t h e t h e courage to pounce on t h e lamb, England, with all t h e reinforce-
American people as t h e best scheme for good t h e laird of Skibo h a d m e n t s of three other hungry powers, decided t h a t t h e time to
initiated. attack Germany h a d n o t yet come. And t h e n t h e question of how,
The "Peace" F u n d Committee was painstakingly selected, with a was t h e n i g h t m a r e of Great Britain. A m a n of initiative, clever in
careful regard for future development. And trading u n d e r t h e handling difficult situations with dispatch was needed. America
holy n a m e of "peace" t h e object a n d a i m of t h i s congenial com- was looked to with covetous eyes—but no Englishman dare sug-
mittee (neat salaries, etc.) was what? To sell t h e United States gest arbitration. Why? Because t h e American mind would Immedi-
to England ! ately become suspicious of a "nigger in t h e woodpile." The sug-
These were t h e terms demanded for Carnegie's dukedom ! His gestion m u s t come from an American! It m u s t appear as if
money could buy m e n buyable, to favor "peace," it could buy or America graciously made t h e initial move, and England immediately
lease secretly newspapers to spread broadcast Carnegian doctrine fell into her arms.
until their protean proclivities gradually permeated i n t o easily i n - Andrew Carnegie, whose s e n t i m e n t s were always British, while
fluenced minds; it could hire u n n a t u r a l i z e d Englishmen or Canadi- willing to father t h e scheme and pay t h e bills, was too far sighted
ans who had lived a n d amassed fortunes in t h e United S t a t e s b u t to openly suggest t h e idea himself, knowing t h e propensity of t h e
who found t h e land of their long residence too inferior for a d o p - American people to ask embarrassing questions, so he whispered
tion, to spread t h e doctrine; and lastly, to be ultracharitable, it first to t h e King, a n d t h e peacemaker found Carnegie's whisper so
could even pull t h e wool over t h e eyes of t h e President of t h e dashingly f u n n y t h a t he m u s t hold h i s kingly sides in acute
United S t a t e s ! risibility.
This sudden h a s t e a b o u t arbitration was u n w i t t i n g l y b r o u g h t T h e question of arbitration with England m u s t come from no
about by t h e impending war between England a n d Germany. Car- lesser an American t h a n t h e President of t h e United States!
negie was forced on against his will a n d more farsighted Judgment Pulling England's c h e s t n u t s o u t of t h e fire—no wonder the King
to bring a b o u t a working " e n t e n t e " w i t h t h e United States before laughed)
Germany made any hostile move against England. In fact, t h e T h e n t h e canny Scot, t h e clever organizer, came to t h e United
United States was to be held over t h e head of t h e i r friend Ger- States on mischief b e n t . He tickled President Taft under t h e ribs
many in the shape of a "big stick" by England. a n d cooed something i n t o his ear—several things. And o u t of a
Look well at t h e m e n who are talking themselves hoarse trying clear sky "our" President—all by himself (?)—holds o u t t h e glad
to tell us why we m u s t have arbitration w i t h England. Is there h a n d to England and says, "Let us arbitrate."
a m a n amongst t h e m who is a representative American? Is t h e r e And he says he t h o u g h t it all o u t by himself! Ananias!
one whose patriotism for America we would class with t h a t of One high in a u t h o r i t y and near to t h e Throne, in a speech in
Washington, Jefferson, or w i t h t h a t of a n y of t h e great m e n who 1908 said: " I n seven years t h e Union Jack w i l l float over t h e whole
have passed away, b u t whose example of s h u n n i n g "entangling of t h e United S t a t e s . "
alliances" has helped to make America w h a t it is today, t h e s u n Elihu Root wishes us to celebrate one h u n d r e d years of peace
in t h e constellation of nations? with England in 1915—the seventh year. Synchronism!
Of Carnegie I have already spoken—and sparingly. And w h a t Why n o t celebrate with our friends, with whom we have never
of Mr. Eliot of Harvard? We are told t h a t t h e gentleman is an h a d war? Why celebrate w i t h t h e only nation on earth who has
Englishman a n d as such probably knows w h a t is good for England always been a n d still is our own enemy, t h e only n a t i o n who has
more interestedly t h a n he knows what is bad for America. h a d t h e distinction of oppressing us, and whose smoldering hate
Mr. Choate, t h e ex-Ambassador to G r e a t Britain? This g e n t l e - a n d contempt for t h e "Yankee" is only second to t h e h a t e a n d
m a n was principally notorious for h i s ultra-English tendencies a n d ill w i l l she bears h e r Irish and I n d i a n subjects?
263553—19504
20 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
T h e present King of England openly boasts t h a t if George I I I Why was President Taft in such an indelicate h u r r y to rush t h e
(3rd) had held court in New York, there would have been no arbitration treaties t h r o u g h t h e Senate last July? Because Ger-
American Revolution. T h e Queen, a woman h a r d and cold as m a n y was preparing to a t t a c k Great Britain in August, and only
Queen Elizabeth b u t w i t h o u t Elizabeth's brains, detests Americans t h e moral influence of a possible e n t e n t e between Great Britain
fiercely. No opportunity is lost in showing her royal c o n t e m p t and t h e United States, which at a m o m e n t ' s notice could be widened
even to American women who have, by marrying m u s t y a n d decay- i n t o an offensive and defensive alliance, prevented hostilities.
ing scions of t h e British nobility, n o t only reinstated their h u s - Mr. Astor, otherwise k n o w n as t h e expatriated American, is
bands in t h r e e full meals a day, b u t t h e i r whole families as well. keenly in favor of "peace." T h a t ' s enough to m a k e us suspicious.
The Duchess of Marlborough was insulted before t h e world at He loves America so.
t h e Coronation. Why? Because she was a h a t e d "Yankee". J o h n Hays H a m m o n d is in favor of "peace," too. Our President
It is quite safe to say t h a t t h e only Americans who are treated commented most kindly on t h e warm reception accorded Mr. H a m -
by t h e English royalties as if t h e y were h u m a n beings a r e t h e m o n d a t t h e coronation last J u n e .
n u m e r o u s relatives of Ambassador Reid. Not t h a t t h e Reids are And why was J o h n Hays H a m m o n d sent to represent t h e United
supposed to be in any degree more eligible t h a n any o t h e r Ameri- States at t h e coronation of t h e King a n d Queen? Why did he
can family, b u t because Mr. Reid is a n d may still be very useful receive such a fall-lnto-my-waiting-arms reception? Because he
in furthering t h e arbitration treaty—and a few other things. fought in S o u t h Africa with t h e English against t h e brave Boers.
T h e Liberal a n d t h e Irish parties have on two occasions taken se- Also because he is all for England a n d Carnegie "peace."
rious umbrage at Ambassador Reid's a t t e m p t to take sides in t h e While no one in their normal senses would question or attack
British election. At one time it was t h o u g h t t h a t t h e Irish p a r t y t h e patriotism, guilelessness or artless simplicity of h e a r t of E l i h u
would take t h e m a t t e r to Washington. Root, yet—keep your weather eye on him.
On last Thanksgiving Day, Ambassador Reid contemptuously aired Many reputable citizens whose patriotism was unquestioned were
his opinion of Americans at t h e dinner given by t h e American So- misled i n t o t a k i n g an active interest in public demonstrations in
ciety in London. He said t h a t Americans who visited England were favor of t h e special b r a n d of buncombe called Carnegie "peace."
generally of two k i n d s : Those who referred to America as "God's T h e chief aim and object of getting prominent names associated
country" and who couldn't find a n y t h i n g as good in England as in with Mr. Carnegie's scheme was partially successful for a short
America, a n d women who wished to i n t r u d e their republican pres- period b u t now t h e eyes of t h e deceived are widely opened to the
ence on English royalty. full and complete campaign of treachery launched against t h e
And t h u s in a public speech did t h e m a n w h o represents t h e United States in Skibo Castle.
United States in Great Britain hold his own c o u n t r y m e n and coun- If t h e arbitration treaties m u s t be discussed in t h e Senate, let
trywomen up to ridicule. And on Thanksgiving Day, a day on t h e debate be an open session, a n d let us mark well t h e m e n who
which, if he couldn't bring himself to say something fair and kind, call upon t h e dishonored spirit of Benedict Arnold to help them
he had done better to have held his peace. to a ready flow of eloquence t h a t they may hide under their
The English newspapers m a d e m u c h of Ambassador Reid's a n t i - scintillating u t t e r a n c e s t h e sardonic curl of a traitor's lips.
American speech. Many were t h e gloating references made to t h e The following is w h a t a few very ambitious b u t traitorous
effect t h a t even t h e American Ambassador could n o t s t a n d h i s own Americans in high positions could tell us if t h e y would, and to
people. And why, may t h e American people consistently ask, does which policies they have either pledged their wealth, their brains,
our patriotic reference to t h e United States as "God's c o u n t r y " or their influence. Many of these m e n are u n d e r pay from a
exasperate Mr. Whitelaw Reid to such an e x t e n t t h a t he m u s t select fund which h a s given none of its "peace" money to prevent war
Thanksgiving Day of all days to criticize at a public dinner o u r between Italy a n d Turkey, or any other n a t i o n s or peoples at war;
warm-hearted and t r u t h f u l reference to our own country? As to a fund which u n d e r a false n a m e , is only being used, a n d only
the American women he holds in such c o n t e m p t for endeavoring to will be used to assist to t h e u t m o s t t h e destruction of American
" i n t r u d e " their republican presence on English royalty, why should Independence, and t h e slow or fast betraying of America's nation-
they not. If they wish to, and royalty wants their money to save t h e hood into t h e ready h a n d s of t h e only genuine enemies she has
disintegrating nobility? Can Mr. Reid, with all h i s close experience ever h a d .
of royalty, begin to compare any royal house in t h e world with even As far as can be ascertained, t h e following are t h e guidance
t h e average American family? No! Can he compare any of t h e rules laid down for t h e accomplishment of t h i s secret society
royal women with American women in refinement, courtesy, genuine which we can make no mistake in calling t h e "Benedict Arnold
kindness, brains, wit. or honorable pride a n d virtue? No d o u b t t h e Peace Society."
United States Ambassador, knowing t h e distaste t h e English King 1. Power of t h e President of t h e United States to be increased
and Queen have for Americans, would t u r n it to account by barring so as to gradually diminish t h e powers of Congress.
o u t all b u t his n u m e r o u s family a n d family-in-law from t h e sensi- 2. Supreme Court of t h e United States to be revised so as to
tive royal presence. One has only to glance casually at t h e picture embrace only Judges agreeable to absorption by Great Britain, a n d
of t h e group of guests at Ambassador Reid's country h o m e in Eng- uniformly hostile to t h e United S t a t e s Senate.
land, where King Edward is seen sitting close to D. O. Mills, Mr.
Reid's father-in-law. to observe t h e angry a n d disgusted expression 3. Precedents m u s t be established by said Court against t h e
on His Majesty's face at being roped in so neatly and being obliged United States S e n a t e in rulings, decisions, etc., (specially p r e -
pared).
to sit and have his royal face a n d figure t a k e n "with t h a t d d 4. S t r o n g campaign m u s t be waged in t h e several States and
old nobody, Mills." Territories against Congressmen and Senators showing hostility to
B u t t h e possibility of an e n t e n t e w i t h America, and possibly in Great Britain. If unsuccessful in defeating t h e m , they m u s t be
time—well, t h e K i n g was only playing t h e game, even if it did continually watched u n t i l discovered in some overt act, mainly
upset h i m . personal, and u n d e r t h r e a t of exposure forced to resign.
Cecil Rhodes' dream of empire found expression in h i s legacy p r o - 6. W h e n t h e success of t h e arbitration treaties is assured a few
viding for t h e education of American y o u t h s in England. Rhodes u n i m p o r t a n t disputes between t h e United States and Great Britain
hoped t h a t t h e process of t i m e would gradually prove an influence may arise, in which t h e preference m u s t be given to t h e United
in changing t h e history of t h e United States as it is w r i t t e n and States. These a p p a r e n t victories m u s t be widely advertised in
studied in America to t h e way England teaches it in her colleges order to create confidence in t h e propitiousness of arbitration with
and desires t h a t it should be t a u g h t in America in order to "do Great Britain. While t h e scope of t h e treaties m u s t be of con-
Justice to England." siderable latitude, care m u s t be taken n o t to in any way bring
Rhodes sagaciously remarked t h a t as far as education went, every s u c h questions as to t h e fortification or navigation of t h e P a n a m a
10 years saw a new generation. As t h e influence of American boys Canal, or t h e Monroe Doctrine, i n t o dispute u n t i l t h e situation is
educated u n d e r English direction increased, so would t h e tendency u n d e r firm control.
to rewrite t h e history of t h e United States become easier to s u g - 6. As soon as compatible with conditions, t h e arbitration treaties
gest a n d more certain of success. T h e history of our country as m u s t be widened i n t o an offensive and defensive alliance.
written, studied, and believed in England would p u t Baron M u n - 7. On accomplishment of same. British and American naval offi-
chausen to shame. cers m u s t be m u t u a l l y exchanged, b u t care m u s t be taken t h a t
The first seeds of h a t e for America are sown in t h e young s t u - t h i s suggestion is made by an American.
dent's mind by a cruelly calumnious a t t a c k u p o n George Washing- 8. Quietly and unobtrusively, American soldiers m u s t be sent to
ton. George Washington is spoken of as a " m o s t inferior rebel Egypt a n d India; British soldiers may t h e n be quartered in t h e
general." One wonders w h a t were t h e delinquencies of t h e British United States.
he whipped. Children are t a u g h t t h a t Americans are t h e refuse 9. English royalty, preferably t h e Duke a n d Duchess of Con-
of Europe; t h e descendents of servants, adventurers, a n d criminals. n a u g h t , m u s t be sent to Canada, from whence they m u s t make
The Japanese are r i g h t when they say t h a t a secret is best k e p t frequent trips to New York. B u t great care m u s t be t a k e n n o t to
by three m e n when only one m a n knows it. enter Washington if there is a demonstration against them, ox
Intoxicated with w h a t appeared to t h e m as signs of success in t h e u n t i l they have practically "held c o u r t " in New York.
great "peace" fraud, there are a few whose loquacity, whose brag 10. T h e wives and daughters of men controlling great wealth
of American dependence, is more fluent t h a n t h e i r silence. Hence and influence in America m u s t be given preference at these
this article. "courts." They m u s t be selected carefully from every State a n d
We are told in England t h a t Andrew Carnegie is a loyal subject Territory in t h e United States. T h u s a new "society," t h r o u g h
of t h e King, a n d has sworn allegiance to t h e British crown. Al- royal favor, m u s t quietly a n d expeditiously be created.
t h o u g h born a Scotsman, no American cares a r a p whether he is a 11. Honors m u s t be conferred on t h e h u s b a n d s of women thus-
Scotsman or a F r e n c h m a n or a Russian, b u t we m o s t certainly do given preference in t h e social circles of America, a n d a r a n k or
take exception t o h i s pretending t o t h e American people t h a t h e position determined by Judiciously distributed decorations.
is acting for t h e best interests of America as an American w h e n he 12. Honor m u s t be conferred on all American officers favoring
is neither t h e one t h i n g , n o r doing t h e other. "peace."
263553—19504
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 21
13. The women of m e n showing hostility to "peace" m u s t be Secondly, J a p a n w a n t s t h e Philippines. Her alliance with Eng-
socially ostracized. land was m a d e for one purpose, a n d t h a t was, by t h e careful and
14. When a strong phalanx of influential people in favor of c u n n i n g t r e a d i n g of certain intricate a n d complicated p a t h s of
"peace" has been created, and t h e exchange of British a n d American diplomacy, to bring about t h e peaceful or otherwise m i l i t a n t a b -
naval officers accomplished, a n d as m a n y as possible of t h e United sorption of t h e Philippines. England's alliance with J a p a n was
States troops transported to India, t h e King a n d Queen of England m a d e to offer t h e t e m p t i n g bait of t h e Philippines as a reward for
may t h e n visit Washington. services which J a p a n m u s t be ever prepared a n d ready to offer, if
15. Should any demonstration of hostilities to their Majesties necessary.
occur, t h e Hindu troops a n d t h e British may, in t h e absence of t h e W h a t a b o u t t h e J a p a n e s e coaling station recently discovered in
American soldiers, quell any disturbances. Mexico? Preparation?
16. Men whose wealth p r e v e n t s their being influenced by money L i e u t e n a n t Colonel Lowther h a s held t h e post of naval a t t a c h e ;
m u s t have honors a n d position a n d possibly a title dangled before his advice h a s been highly appreciated in t h e deliberations of h i s
their wives' eyes. Government; be h a s lately accompanied t h e uncle of t h e King of
17. When newspapers c a n n o t be b o u g h t or leased, new publica- England to t h e United States as military secretary and official
tions m u s t be started. mouthpiece; therefore let no one discount his set idea of what our
18. Educators m u s t receive special favors in flattering newspaper policy with t h e Philippines should be; a m a n so strictly trained in
notices; and wide publicity m u s t n o t be given to Independence t h e policy and diplomacy of his Government speaks with authority
Day celebrations; people persisting in d e m o n s t r a t i o n s m u s t be from h i s King a n d government.
" c u t " and held up to ridicule. Any d e m o n s t r a t i o n s with fireworks Should a suggestion be made to Congress t h a t "it will be next
m u s t be strongly opposed a n d discouraged on t h e ground of protec- to impossible to hold t h e Philippines w i t h o u t increasing our
tion to life and property. Army, which will entail a great burden of expense on t h e United
19. An elaborate celebration m u s t be arranged to t a k e place in States," it will be well to investigate t h e company t h e suggester
the United States in 1915, to c o m m e m o r a t e 100 years of peace of this s t a t e m e n t h a s been keeping; also, if it is his own opinion,
between Great Britain a n d America, by which t i m e t h e object and or if it is t h e opening wedge to t h e proposal of t h e English officer,
aim of "peace" will be at t h e apex of c o n s u m m a t i o n . L i e u t e n a n t Colonel Lowther, military attache a n d official m o u t h -
20. Education of t h e masses m u s t be discouraged, in order to piece of t h e Duke of Connaught, to " t u r n over t h e Philippines to
create harmony with t h e desires of t h e wealthy and t h e several t h e Empire of t h e Rising S u n . " • • •
t r u s t s , who will see in such a suggestion a strong tendency to T h e opening chapter of L i e u t e n a n t Colonel Lowther's book, in
reduce wages from their now unreasonable h e i g h t s to t h e basis its general exaggeration of lawlessness in t h e United States, h a s
of wages paid in G r e a t Britain; also, t h e suggestion t h a t t h e helped to cement t h e idea in t h e English m i n d t h a t t h e United
ignorant cannot organize so formidably as t h e educated masses will States m u s t come u n d e r British rule speedily.
be widely appreciated as dissension a n d suspicion of their own Simultaneously with t h e publication of this British officer's
leaders can be more easily advanced. book depicting Americans as a lot of wholesale murderers, devoid
21. A popular feeling against Irish immigration may be aroused of t h e slightest h o n o r or courage, and comparing t h e m d e t r i -
in the United States by giving wide publicity to all individual cases mentally to t h e gentlemen he had known in Pall Mall, he was
of rejection of i m m i g r a n t s for reasons of acute poverty, insanity scattering broadcast in New York a n d Washington his hypo-
or criminality, or disease. critical expression of a d m i r a t i o n for " t h e great Republic and t h e
22. Arbitration, offensive or defensive alliances, and finally American people." His comparison of t h e Canadian soldier to t h e
peace m u s t be b r o u g h t a b o u t as quickly as possible. For t h e United States soldier leaves n o t h i n g to be admired in t h e American
latter, armed compulsion may be necessary, and it is recommended soldier. In fact, every reference to a n y t h i n g or anybody in America
t h a t t h e I n d i a n and British troops be altogether confined to t h e is teeming w i t h contempt and bitterness. Even t h e clubs in t h e
east of America, leaving t h e protection of t h e west to t h e Japanese United States, which received h i m with open-hearted hospitality,
troops, 80,000 of which are already scattered t h r o u g h o u t t h e Sand- be refers to with sneering contempt, and, to be accurate, one m u s t
wich Islands, Mexico, British Columbia, and California. Reciprocity say t h a t m a n y of h i s s t a t e m e n t s regarding t h e people whose bread
with Canada can be passed almost unanimously t h r o u g h t h e Amer- he broke are devoid of t h e merits of t r u t h .
ican Congress, and t h e n opposed bitterly in Canada on one ground T h e inefficiency of t h e Senators and Representatives is syste-
only—that of annexation by t h e United States. Simultaneously matically advertised to t h e British public in cleverly w r i t t e n maga-
with t h e rejection of reciprocity by t h e Canadian people, a member zine a n d newspaper articles and books. The English portion of
of t h e British royal family, preferably t h e Duke of C o n n a u g h t , t h e British public are n o t overly given to t h i n k for themselves; when
m u s t take up his residence in Canada. t h e y read t h a t India " m u s t be governed," Egypt " m u s t be governed,"
23. With t h e assistance of some interested and powerful t r u s t , they are one with t h e Government; and now t h a t they are dally
such as t h e Meat Trust, strained relations may be b r o u g h t about and weekly being fed on t h e suggestion t h a t t h e United States has
between Germany and t h e United States; in such event, and with completely gone to t h e bow-wows, and can only be saved if she
a defensive and offensive alliance w i t h G r e a t Britain, a casus belli throws herself i n t o British arms, they won't let go of t h e idea, and
of England would be more easily t u r n e d i n t o account by a s i m u l - will help to a m a n to bring about t h e consummation of "Carnegie
taneous attack on Germany. G r e a t Britain's diplomatic relations peace."
with Germany m u s t remain i n t a c t u n t i l t h e c o n s u m m a t i o n of t h e Even Mr. A. Maurice Low, an Englishman who has lived in t h e
alliances with t h e United States. United S t a t e s for 20 years, tells his countrymen t h e following in
24. It Is suggested to embrace F r a n c e in t h e a r b i t r a t i o n treaties, his book on America:
for t h e m o m e n t , as suspicion m u s t n o t be created d u r i n g t h e "Secrecy is often essential in negotiations, b u t secrecy is im-
initial efforts. possible w h e n a t r e a t y m u s t be communicated to t h e Senate. The
It will be remembered t h a t w h e n t h e Japanese hero of Port Senate is n o t popular with t h e country at large."
Arthur visited t h e United States last summer, he graciously He goes on to explain t h a t Members of t h e Senate are certain to
informed us t h a t " a r b i t r a t i o n between Great Britain and t h e break their o a t h of secrecy taken regarding "executive sessions."
United States would be such a benefit to t h e United States." He He also says. " I t is generally believed t h a t Members of Congress, as
had Just come fresh from England; he h a d n ' t been provisionally a body, are corrupt."
promised t h e Philippines, either in t h e event of • • •. Lest some of my s t a t e m e n t s regarding t h e h a t r e d t h e English
As the great Japanese admiral placed a wreath at Washington's people cherish for America a n d t h e Americans be doubted, I am
Tomb, did any of us remember t h e almost prophetic words of t h e going to give a few extracts from a book written by an English-
first American President, "to beware of e n t a n g l i n g alliances"? m a n d u r i n g t h e last t e r m of t h e ex-President in t h e White House.
Let t h e shades of Benedict Arnold blush for shame, for there are While t h e actual literary merits of t h i s book may be nil, its long
those today who exceedeth h i m in treachery a n d betrayal. Away a n d complicated sentences obscure a n d badly constructed, a n d its
with t h e Carnegian peace at t h e price of liberty ! syntax amateurish, nevertheless its purpose a n d its veiled meaning
England's a t t e m p t e d dictation and interference b o t h in our is as clear as crystal. Every page of t h i s book shows malice; every
internal and foreign affairs is plainly and boldly illustrated in a paragraph venom. W h e n I first began to read this book—on t h e
book written by L i e u t e n a n t Colonel Lowther, military secretary recommendation of a n o t h e r English writer t h a t I would find o u t
and official mouthpiece of t h e Duke of C o n n a u g h t . L i e u t e n a n t some t r u t h s a b o u t my own country—I naturally supposed t h e p u b -
Lowther says t h a t he suggested a solution of t h e J a p a n e s e tangle lication to be a sort of "freak" idea; b u t on closer investigation
to Colonel Roosevelt, namely, t h a t t h e United States of America of all books w r i t t e n by Englishmen a b o u t t h e United States I
should give t h e Japanese all t h e facilities t h e y asked for in Cali- found t h a t nearly all of these books contained far-fetched lies
and calumnies w r i t t e n with pens t h a t were steeped in bitter jeal-
fornia, on condition t h a t t h e Empire of t h e Rising S u n should ousy, detestation, a n d h a t r e d . "Americans who favor 'Carnegie
take over t h e Philippines from t h e United States. peace," otherwise called 'absorption,' will do well to read 'Y, Amer-
In these few words L i e u t e n a n t Lowther h a s embodied two shots ica's P e r i l . ' " T h e Y is intended to mean Yankee. This book is
for one bird: intensely popular in England, no less a personage t h a n t h e late
Firstly, t h e flooding of t h e United S t a t e s with cheap coolie labor King Edward finding in it t h e best book on t h e "Yankee" he h a s
will reduce wages, t h u s gradually m a k i n g it more difficult for t h e ever read. T h e a u t h o r is almost a hero. You had better make up
m a n in ordinary circumstances to spare enough money to support your m i n d s to read some t h i n g s which you will find real "nawsty."
his children during t h e time they should be in school, and thereby
making it necessary for children's education to be reduced to t h e Following are a few printable extracts from this book:
level of t h e children of t h e poor in England, which would t e n d in "There can be no d o u b t t h a t America is t h e d u m p i n g ground of
a very s h o r t time to make for a sharp class distinction or "illiterate Europe's refuse; it is t h e scum of other lands. It h a s no right to
rabble." This latter class is regarded as very desirable in England, be called a n a t i o n . Everything in t h e United States seemed u n -
as t h e more ignorant t h e lower classes, t h e more easily t h e y a r e wholesome. I t h i n k t h e desire for gold is so deep-rooted in Yan-
controlled. kee t h a t if he could " b e a t " his own father he would do it. In less
263553—19504
22 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
t h a n three generations t h e United States will be unfit for a civi- "England beat t h e Spaniards at Manila. This isn't generally
lized lady or gentleman to live in. known, a n d I got t h e strictest confidence from a certain admiral
"Prom t h e boy who shines your boots to t h e Senator, they are in Chicago when Dewey gave t h e whole secret away."
a nation of boodlers. Americans are t h e cast-offs from every land T h i s writer tells his readers t h a t Dewey went all t h e way to
on t h e face of t h e e a r t h . Manila w i t h o u t ascertaining if he had certain guns and a m m u n i -
I saw a good deal of t h e American woman—In fact, "most all" tion. In consternation, Dewey sent to Admiral Seymour, of t h e
t h a t she could show me w i t h o u t exposing herself to Yankee's anger. British s q u a d r o n in Manila Bay, a n d obtained t h e g u n s a n d British
Verily Yankee's women, and sometimes unwise ones, do not b e - a m m u n i t i o n with which t h e Spanish were whipped.
lieve in hiding t h e light of their c h a r m s u n d e r a bushel or a n y t h i n g He says t h a t Dewey was confused as to w h a t to do in t h e battle
else. By t h e time I h a d been in t h e States a m o n t h , I began to a n d signaled Seymour, who from t h e British flagship directed
ask myself, was any woman in t h e land to be t r u s t e d ? t h e American admiral how to proceed, signaling "Fire your port
I was informed * * * t h a t in a western town, there was n o t broadsides," a n d in reference to one Spanish ship Admiral Seymour
a virtuous woman, and t h a t 75 percent of t h e m h a d suffered from directed Admiral Dewey n o t to fire b u t to "blow her out of the
"modern appendicitis." water."
(Writer's note—particulars regarding t h e explanation of t h i s last T h e closing reference to t h e b a t t l e of Manila Bay is as follows:
statement, which appears in t h e book, c a n n o t be printed.) "And now you have for t h e first t i m e t h e story of how t h e
Yankee is a deadly assassin, worse t h a n a rattlesnake. Yankee is English beat t h e Spaniards at Manila."
awfully brave, especially when it is 20 to 1. Yankee does not care This book, which so pleased t h e late King, and which was read
to fight with his fists. T h e American police are no more fitted for so widely in England, did n o t miss its mark—the ever growing
police t h a n a barrel; they bear a resemblance to a walrus on end. tendency of t h e English public to accept as final t h a t t h e absorp-
The standard of fair play, even t h a t of good taste, is n o t t h e same tion of America by G r e a t Britain would simply be a m a t t e r of a
as in England. Yankee is vulgar and ignorant. He wears t a n few years.'
shoes with a dress suit. The typical American h a s no intellectu- Referring to t h e United States being skillfully steered into
ality. He has a nether lip like a motherless foal reared on a British waters, one is astounded to read t h a t "courageous Presi-
whisky bottle. His hair is c u t "slop bowl" fashion. He is sallow, d e n t Roosevelt realizes t h e decaying tendencies of t h e United
with pointed narrow Jaw. Of t h i s type are made magistrate, States of America. A skillful pilot is at t h e helm, and he is not
Judges, and so forth. Young men of America are of t h e ladylike unaware of t h e danger * * * b u t his assistants—what of
type. Men in America are effeminate looking. They are a mixture t h e m ? " (The S e n a t e ) .
of poodle dog and girl.
Continuing, he says he hopes t h e President will "wear ship"
It is quite a rarity to see an American city-bred child with legs. ere it is too late, a n d steer t h e ship i n t o t h e safe and deep
Their poor little apologetic pipestems are simply pitiful. Already waters beyond ( E n g l a n d ) . His book ends with t h e expression
this process of decay has begun. Yankee has no instep. His food of a certain conviction t h a t America and Great Britain would
is as flat as a pancake and as "narrow as t h e trend of his m i n d . " "go h a n d in h a n d and t h a t t i m e is n o t far off," and a full-paged
* * * His legs are t h i n , and so infrequently is his body. He is curse o n t h e United S t a t e s a n d its citizens:
a tramcar. I visited t h e Philadelphia University and had a look
through t h e dental school there. I inquired carefully for t h e "Land of sallow, scurrying m e n !
specialists who would not take on a n y t h i n g b u t canines. I found Land of bribery and corruption!
t h a t it had n o t come to t h a t yet, b u t it is trending t h a t way. Land of t h e greasy food!
T h e carrion-eating v u l t u r e would have suited t h e Americans Thrice cursed a r t t h o u ! "
quite as well as an emblem of liberty as t h e eagle.
In four generations when t h e aggressive newness of t h e Congres- B u t these British plans for the peaceful or m i l i t a n t absorption of
sional Library at Washington has been toned down, it may be a fine t h e United States, with t h e assistance of Andrew Carnegie's execu-
building. T h e Capitol is shoddy. tive ability and money, t h e treason of members of the Benedict
Arnold Peace Society, a n d t h e willing cooperation of t h e rewriters
The English writers of books, and those who write for t h e press, of t h e history of t h e United States have gone sadly amuck on
have attacked and calumniated every ideal of our nationhood for account of t h e threatened war between England and Germany. The
generations, b u t they have left t h e virtue of our women unassailed matter of t h e arbitration treaty with England h a s been unduly and
until of late years. Where one heard a grudging compliment paid indecently rushed, m u c h to Mr. Carnegie's displeasure; this indeli-
to t h e virtue of our women, now we hear t h e most cruel and u n - cate haste was caused by t h e hysterical a n n o u n c e m e n t of Lord
truthful aspersions cast u p o n t h e m individually and collectively. Charles Beresford, t h e hero of many a naval parade, t h a t the British
There is no use to remonstrate; they will tell you t h a t several Navy was not w h a t it seemed; t h a t t h e Navy was "without officers,
English writers who visited t h e States have w r i t t e n in their books without men, w i t h o u t t h e necessary u n i t s , and in t h e event of war
t h a t t h e American woman is simply "rotten," and they o u g h t to with Germany t h e British Navy would be a present to the enemy."
know.' T h e English are more like sheep t h a n lions; they herd close
together in their opinions, which they generally do n o t form for Plans for t h e peaceful or otherwise absorption of t h e United States
themselves and w h e n t h e leader of t h e flock says "bah," they all were overwhelmed with t h e fear t h a t Germany would give u n t o her-
"bah, bah." If he says "boo," they all "boo" together. They read self a present of t h e British Navy, and possibly even more. While
Y, America's Peril, because t h e King read it. They like it for t h e the plans of Carnegian peace were n o t scheduled to be ripe for a
same reason he liked it—because it "slammed it to t h e Yankee test u n t i l 1915, t h e fear of war w i t h Germany in t h e immediate
upstarts." present forced t h e issue with such feverish haste t h a t more t h a n one
cat was let o u t of t h e bag of diplomacy. England could not tax her
This particular writer says he came away from America with a people any heavier t h a n she was taxing them, and even if she had
nasty taste in his m o u t h . He says t h e first hotel he stayed at the necessary funds at her command to build a navy t h a t would
was in San Francisco and t h e waiters look like "a lot of dirty compare with Germany's she did n o t have time. Germany was
brigands." ready to spring, a n d England had little faith in t h e French and
He evidently bears a most venomous spleen for Washington, like Russian Navies combined against t h e Germany Navy. She dare not
t h e rest of his compatriots. He says he doesn't see how Washing- expect t h e Japanese Navy to fight ship to ship with t h e Russian
ton could have been an American if he never told a lie. Writing Navy for fear they m i g h t remember old scores and forget they were
of t h e Washington M o n u m e n t at Washington, he waxes torpidly fighting for England a n d t u r n their guns upon each other.
eloquent. He says t h a t Washington's M o n u m e n t is a mere elevator
"and like everything in America, from Justice on, it is hollow and There was only one subtle influence which could stay Ger-
corrupt." He says t h e Washington M o n u m e n t is typical of Ameri- many's h a n d , and t h a t was t h e arbitration treaty between Eng-
can usages and customs—hollow and corrupt. He adds: "Yankee ! l a n d a n d t h e United States and t h e possible ratification of t h a t
Yankee! have you a n y t h i n g in your l a n d t h a t is n o t hollow?" He t r e a t y by t h e United S t a t e s Senate. T h e treaty was sprung upon
calls t h e American boys "young American d a s t a r d s . * * * Poor, t h e Senate, Just as reciprocity with Canada was, and it did n o t
pitiful little Yankees." occur to t h e British Government t h a t there would be any diffi-
It is puzzling and singular t h a t t h e only American he admires is culty in quietly slipping t h e treaty t h r o u g h t h e Senate, and
Theodore Roosevelt, of whom he speaks pityingly as "Roosevelt, quickly widening it i n t o a defensive a n d offensive alliance.
president of champion spitters of t h e world." There have been times in t h e history of t h e United States when
Like m a n y Englishmen, he frets because on our currency we have t h e country h a s n o t only been t h r e a t e n e d w i t h enemies from with-
t h e words "In God we t r u s t . " He says t h a t t h i s should be changed. out, b u t also from traitors from within.
It is to be wondered if t h e inspiration to eliminate "In God we There have been times when t h e United States Senate has taken
t r u s t " from our currency during t h e t e r m of office of t h e only Ameri- u p o n itself t h e functions of a c o u r t of impeachment.
can this Englishman admired was done to solve t h e particular sen-
sitiveness of t h i s anti-American Britisher. If war is to come between England and Germany, let us keep
He says, "The dollar is dirty in t h e West. It is positively filthy our h a n d s off. While deploring war and t h e horrors of war, we
in the East, b o t h metaphorically and actually." m u s t choose between t h e lesser of t h e 2 evils—the killing of
some t h o u s a n d s in b a t t l e or t h e c o n t i n u a l oppressing a n d torturing
The inscription "In God we t r u s t " is a lying religious inscription. of millions. A war between England and Germany would mean t h e
He says t h a t he apostrophized a Negro t h u s : "Aye! Whiter t h a n killing of perhaps a few t h o u s a n d m e n ; b u t it would also mean
you, Yankee, except for about a h u n d r e d t h of an inch. Whiter liberty for 360,000,000 oppressed of India; liberty for 12,000.000
t h a n you!" Persians; liberty for 4,000,000 Irish; liberty for t h e struggling
Americans will be surprised to learn t h e author's story of t h e Egyptians from Alexandria to t h e Sudan. It m i g h t even mean
Battle of Manila Bay, b u t they may rest assured t h a t if t h e history t h e peace of t h e world—the break in t h e trail of blood.
of t h e United States is rewritten according to Carnegian ideas a n d
to coincide with t h e British patriotism of Prof. Morse Stephens, of From t h e S u d a n to London, Theodore Roosevelt hurrahed for
t h e State university at Berkeley, Calif., this, in a few generations, England; in Egypt he told a patriotic and brave people to be "loyal"
will be accepted as t h e correct version: ' to t h e British Government; he said English rule in India was
263553—19504
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 23
great. Ask t h e I n d i a n s . Ask t h e Egyptians! * * * a n d you Ministers should know that political movements within
might also ask Mr. Morgan Shuster. Hands off! church organizations will destroy the church itself.
Carnegie set up t h e C h u r c h Peace Union in 1914 with a $2,000,000
fund to further his alms. Of late a movement to bring forward such leaders as Dr. Goudge,
World Alliance for Promoting I n t e r n a t i o n a l Friendship t h r o u g h Dr. Dimont, Dr. Campbell, a n d so on, h e a d s of theological divinity
t h e Churches h a s as its stated purpose "To organize t h e religious schools, h a s evidently h a d as its object t h e forming of a ring
forces of t h e world so t h a t t h e weight of all churches and Christians a r o u n d us of authority. We recognize t h e a t t a i n m e n t s and
can be b r o u g h t to bear u p o n t h e relations of governments a n d achievements of these highly esteemed men in other fields, b u t not
peoples." in t h e one u n d e r consideration. W i t h i n our movement we can
meet these gentlemen w i t h m e n of equal a t t a i n m e n t s , of as wide
experience; teachers a n d a u t h o r s of equal standing. We cannot
Steps Toward British Union, a World State, and allow position or a u t h o r i t y to weigh in a question of facts and
International Strife—Part VII t r u t h s . T h a t a r g u m e n t does n o t meet t h e point at issue. B u t if
t h e a r g u m e n t c o n t i n u e s to be advanced, we balance it as we have
already said.
REMARKS We respectfully ask of t h e r a n k a n d file, of those who oppose
us—What is it you oppose? We recommend each opponent to face
of t h i s question, lest in opposing us he may be found to oppose t h e
very standard u p o n which t h e whole doctrinal structure of his own
HON. J. THORKELSON communion is based. We will s t a t e t h e things for which we stand.
OF MONTANA
Dr. Goard employs a subtle argument to disarm anyone who
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES may take issue with his statements. The fact remains, how-
Tuesday, September 3, 1940 ever, that the British-Israel is to establish a world state with
Mr. THORKELSON. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend a David as King, and the capital of this state, according to
my remarks In the RECORD, I include an article by the Reverend their own publications, is to be Jerusalem. I am opposed to
Dr. W. Pascoe Goard which appeared in the National Mes- the British-Israel, because I am quite well satisfied with our
sage, March 28, 1936, the official publication of the British- own government and unwilling to crusade for the British Em-
Israel World Federation. This article is entitled "British- pire or for the real motivators behind this movement in Asia,
Israel Is True." Africa, Egypt, or anywhere else.
We wish to speak a word of c a u t i o n and expostulation to those We accept t h e Bible as it stands. We are quite aware of t h e
of our b r e t h r e n of t h e Christian ministry who are boldly challeng- various approaches to t h e Bible and of t h e various criticism to
ing t h e t r u t h of t h e British-Israel. which it has been subjected. We do n o t speak in ignorance of
First, we may present our credentials to Justify w h a t we are these things, b u t r a t h e r w i t h t h e full knowledge of t h e m as m e n
about to say hereafter. T h e following has been w r i t t e n w i t h o u t who have been over t h e ground again a n d again for m a n y years
particular consultation w i t h our associates, b u t t h e r e need be no past. Our approach to t h e Bible is an intelligent one. Our
question t h a t they carry t h e weight of t h e j u d g m e n t of t h e clergy- acceptance of t h e Bible is confirmed by facts beyond counting.
m e n and ministers, educationists, and other professional men, a n d It is our considered opinion t h a t with t h e facts in h a n d which we
of t h e laity, who s t a n d with us in t h e m a n y countries where our possess, it is impossible to do otherwise t h a n accept t h e great,
movement prevails. sequent, even consequent, development of facts a n d t r u t h as it is
presented in Holy W r i t .
What is the truth of the British-Israel? The truth Is that We believe t h e Bible as it now s t a n d s does n o t need any other .
the British-Israel is not a denomination and is not an ecclesi- interpretation t h a n t h a t which facts, history, and experience
astic sect; but is instead a subsidized political organization. accord. T h e Bible carries Information n o t otherwise possessed by
The question may then be asked, How can the British-Israel h u m a n i t y , a n d which m u s t have h a d a source higher t h a n h u m a n i t y
because i t s scope is wider t h a n t h e s u m total of unaided h u m a n
call the Christian clergy "brethren" when their organiza- knowledge. For instance, t h e Bible contains knowledge of the
tion is not ecclesiastic, but political, as I have stated? past before h u m a n history began, a n d knowledge of t h e future to
It is generally stated, in order to give weight by comparison to t h e which h u m a n i t y h a s n o t yet a t t a i n e d b u t is from day to day
opposition, t h a t t h e r e are no scholars in t h e British-Israel m o v e - a t t a i n i n g . We accept it in its spiritual revelations, in its contacts
m e n t . N o d o u b t those who make such s t a t e m e n t s t h i n k t h a t t h e y with n a t u r a l science a n d history, a n d in its prophetic dealing with
are strictly adhering to t r u t h , a n d t h a t t h i s m o v e m e n t is one t h e future. We t a k e t h e Bible to be w h a t t h e Prayer Book assures
carried forward by those n o t qualified to Judge. us it is, namely, " T h e Word of God Written."
T h e s t a t e m e n t , however, is n o t only u n t r u e — w h i c h is t h e nega- I shall not discuss the historical aspect of the Bible or
tive form of t h e s t a t e m e n t — i t is positively u n t r u e . A m u c h shorter
form of expression m i g h t be used. Facts will be desired to support its revelations, for I grant that education existed then as
this s t a t e m e n t . Anyone w h o cares to search t h e literature of t h e well as today. The point In issue is that the British-Israel
British-Israel m o v e m e n t will b e s t r u c k w i t h t h e fact t h a t a m o n g have appointed themselves as the chosen people to sit in
t h e small n u m b e r w h o for m a n y years stood together in defense of
this t r u t h a very largo proportion of t h e m carried t h e various judgment on the throne of David in Jerusalem, and I do not
degrees which our universities bestow. S u c h degrees were earned deny the British-Israel such rights. Reserving my own
from Oxford, Cambridge, London, Birmingham, D u r h a m , T r i n i t y rights, I object to giving my aid in this cherished desire, and
College, Dublin, Aberdeen, Tale, McGill, Toronto, British Columbia, I refuse to share any responsibility in establishing this world
a n d many other universities. We warn o u r opponents, if they have
any respect for t r u t h , to avoid circulating s u c h misleading s t a t e - state.
m e n t s as these.
T h e Bible deals with Israel as a c o n t i n u o u s national entity, from
I do not believe anyone will deny that the British-Israel Sinal to t h e end of t h e world.
World Federation is well connected and well financed. The T h e Bible deals with J u d a h as a separate national entity, from
its organization as a kingdom u n d e r David to t h e coming again
question is, Who are the financial promoters of the subver- of o u r Lord Jesus Christ.
sive movement to establish a world government? Can it be
possible that the international bankers are the financial These two paragraphs are illuminating, for they reveal the
backers? . Can it be possible that this movement is con- real purpose of the British-Israel plan; and it is to establish
nected with the Grand Orient Lodge? Is it not true that Judah as a kingdom under David, and so stated in the latter
the British-Israel and its proponents comprise the group paragraph. The British-Israel movement is, therefore,
now actively promoting war, and is it not true that the backed by those who are interested in a Judaic state, and
backers of this movement are those who control gold and they are not the gentiles or those which the British-Israel
international gold credit? We must recognize that the pretend they represent.
British-Israel world movement is anti-American and de- T h e Bible deals w i t h t h e continental empires and nations, from
t h e g r a n t i n g of t h e Imperial charter to Nebuchadnezzar of Baby-
structive to the principles of this Government. lon a n d to his successors r i g h t down to t h a t t i m e indicated by
Turning to standing a n d experience in t h e various c h u r c h e s : Daniel, of which he said, "I beheld till t h e t h r o n e s were cast
W i t h i n our r a n k s have been archbishops, bishops, well-placed down • • •." Many scriptures show t h i s to have been t h e
clergy, ministers of high s t a n d i n g in t h e various churches, heads of e n d i n g of t h e Babylon succession, which took place in A. D. 1018,
educational d e p a r t m e n t s a n d i n s t i t u t i o n s , distinguished members 2,520 years after t h e g r a n t i n g of t h e great Babylon charter.
of t h e bar, a n d so on. S u c h positions as have been occupied by We see t h a t these t h r e e p a r t i c i p a n t s in world history have been
many of those referred to have been achieved t h r o u g h merit in t h e chief actors on t h e stage. T h e y have so monopolized t h e activ-
long and vigorous years of service in t h e various branches of t h e ities of world history t h a t w h a t h a s t a k e n place outside of their
Christian church. scope has scarcely been worth telling.
Bible prophecy a n d secular history are now merged into one.
It is indeed unfortunate that many Christian churches This is w i t h i n t h e scope of our faith. W h a t objection has any
have allowed the British-Israel in the church organizations. c h u r c h m a n of a n y d e n o m i n a t i o n to m a k e of t h e facts here given,
263553—19504
24 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
and on w h a t grounds can such objection be raised? Surely every T h e question is asked, W h a t are t h e standards of doctrine recog-
Bible reader m u s t know t h e t r u t h of t h a t which we have j u s t nized in t h e British-Israel movement? We make answer: We form
stated. If not he can easily verify t h e t r u t h . no denomination; we are n o t an ecclesiastical sect; our members as
We see and know t h a t t h e general course of t h e history of each a rule are members in good standing in their own communions. We
of these peoples is told in t h e prophetic scriptures. F u r t h e r , by send a constantly increasing army of members into congregations
t h e interweaving of these lines of prophecy t h e general course of and churches. We take none out. We leave it to t h e membership
world history was foretold. and adherents of our movement to exercise perfect freedom as to the
We take these lines of prophecy and we compare t h e m carefully formula by which they express their faith. Among us we hold to the
with world history. This is not an easy task. It takes m u c h orig- Apostles' Creed a n d t h e Nicene Creed. One wing of our adherents
inal research, which we have gone to t h e labor and expense of expresses its faith in t h e t e r m s of t h e Articles of t h e Church of
making. For instance, for years we have m a i n t a i n e d a research England. Another wing holds as t h e expression of its faith the
department, t h e members of which have worked and still work in standards of t h e Presbyterian, Congregational, and Baptist Churches.
such institutions as t h e British Museum, and elsewhere, where t h e Still another wing holds t h e Methodist standards. These three great
treasures of knowledge are deposited. As a result of t h e general expressions of faith cover in general t h e same ground and may be
scholarship of our leaders and t h e special knowledge t h u s obtained, considered as t h e basis of t h e faith of British-Israel. Further, as a
we can give chapter and verse for m u c h of t h e Information required body we hold and use t h e Book of Common Prayer, recognizing t h a t
to establish t h e fact t h a t history fully fulfills prophecy. A large t h a t book in its entirety and in detail is compiled upon the assump-
and growing literature is produced a n d is still being produced in tion t h a t t h e people who use it and hold it dear are t h e people of
this field of research. Israel a n d inheritors of t h e covenants made With our forefather
What a t r i u m p h t h a t is for t h e Bible a n d for those who preach Abraham.
t h e Bible facts and t r u t h s . Dr. Driver was compelled by his lack These three paragraphs are informative, because-we find
of t h i s special knowledge to a d m i t w h a t he believed to be a fact,
t h a t m a n y of t h e promises made by God to t h e n o r t h e r n Kingdom that the British-Israel movement is not a Christian move-
of Israel and to t h e s o u t h e r n Kingdom of J u d a h had never been ful- ment. It is not a denomination or church movement and
filled, and t h a t circumstances have so changed t h a t they never can it is not ecclesiastic, as I have already stated in discussing the
be fulfilled, b u t m u s t be r a t h e r looked u p o n as ideals which God
would fain see fulfilled in t h e life of His people. T h i s is n o t a first paragraph. The interesting part is this statement:
verbatim q u o t a t i o n , b u t whoever desires t o d o s o w i l l f i n d t h e We send a constantly increasing army of members into congrega-
original s t a t e m e n t in t h e introduction to Dr. Driver's Commentary tions and churches. We take none out. We leave it to t h e member-
on Jeremiah. ship and adherents of our movement to exercise perfect freedom a s '
The fact t h a t a scholarly wing of t h e British church, for whom to t h e formula by which they express their faith.
Dr. Driver spoke as t h e regius professor of Hebrew at Oxford, should
have found itself driven by t h e great atheist, T o m Paine, and his This statement leaves no doubt as to this movement, for it
follower, Bradlaugh, to make s u c h an admission, denotes a great is an organization which Judah is employing to destroy and
tragedy for British Christianity.
The whole t h i n g was a consequence of Dr. Driver's failure to read
upset Christian faiths in order to establish their own world
t h e c o n t i n u o u s history of Israel a n d to identify it in its modern state. The statement, "We take none out," is true, for these
strength. Possessing t h i s key to t h e knowledge of history, we are "fifth columnists" are sent into every church, and even into
able to say t h a t every covenant which God has entered into, every the Government itself, to spread British-Israel and world
promise which God has made, and every prophecy which God h a s
authorized concerning t h e n o r t h e r n Kingdom of Israel and t h e union now. This in itself proves clearly that all of these move-
s o u t h e r n Kingdom of J u d a h have been a n d are being fulfilled to ments are un-American, anti-American and most damnably
t h e letter up to date, and t i m e only is t h e element required to c o m - subversive. If we had a patriotic Justice Department and law-
plete t h e fulfillment of t h e m all. T h u s we bring t r i u m p h to t h e enforcement bodies that had the interest of the United States
church; t h u s we restore shaken faith in t h e Bible a n d all its impli-
cations. Why Christian ministers should oppose us in m a k i n g at heart, they would bring every one of these organizations
known t h i s t r i u m p h is beyond o u r u n d e r s t a n d i n g . before the bar of justice, because they are enemies of the
United States and performing treasonable acts against our
This article which I am quoting is interesting, and I shall Government.
now requote a part of the foregoing paragraph:
Possessing this key to t h e knowledge of history, we are able to Stated briefly, t h e Bible, t h e prayer book, t h e great confessions
of faith are ours. We are probably u n i q u e in this, t h a t alone we
say t h a t every covenant which God h a s entered into, every promise hold w h a t was g e n e r a l l y held by t h e established church, t h e Cov-
which God has made, and every prophecy which God h a s authorized e n a n t e r s , t h e P u r i t a n s , and all t h e great d e n o m i n a t i o n s up to a very
concerning t h e n o r t h e r n kingdom of Israel and t h e southern K i n g - recent period, namely, t h e fact t h a t Britain a n d her associate nations
dom of J u d a h have been and are being fulfilled to t h e letter up to are Israel. Consequently we hold t h e Bible in its entirety, both in
date, and time only is t h e element required to complete t h e fulfill- its references to c h u r c h and state; we hold t h e prayer book to mean
m e n t of t h e m all. fully w h a t it says; we hold t h e great confessions of faith, with all
t h e u n d e r s t a n d i n g of t h e fathers who produced t h e m . We hold t h e
In making this statement, Dr. Goard takes much for s t a t e to be designed of God to be as holy as t h e church, and we
granted, and I am sure he will find many disappointments on believe t h e t i m e is speedily coming when u p o n t h e holy vessels of
the road he has selected to follow. I realize that he expects t h e temple a n d t h e bells of t h e horses in t h e streets there will be
the armed forces of the United States to aid him so that his inscribed equally, "Holiness to t h e Lord."
prophecies may be fulfilled, but the taxpayers of the United This paragraph also identifies the source of this movement
States, who pay the expenses of the Army, and particularly in these words:
the men in the Army who must give their lives to please Dr. We are probably u n i q u e in t h i s case, t h a t alone we hold w h a t was
Goard, might object to aid him in establishing a world state generally held by t h e established c h u r c h , t h e Covenanters, the P u r i -
in Egypt. t a n s , and a l l the great d e n o m i n a t i o n s up to a very recent period,
namely, t h e fact t h a t Britain a n d her associate nations are Israel.
It will be and is being objected to t h a t we s u b s t i t u t e t h e national
and secular phases of t h e gospel for t h e spiritual evangel. We do This statement reveals how deceptive this movement is, for
no such thing, a n d we commend this fact especially to t h e j u d g - Great Britain and her associates comprise Mongolians, Ne-
m e n t of our evangelical brethren. Speaking to t h e l a t t e r for a
moment, we say t h a t t h e evangelicals have rightly opposed with groes, Australians, and many other racial types, who are not
vigor and courage t h e mutilation of t h e Bible by t h e higher critical of the tribe of Israel. I may also say that no one would make
and modernist schools. We join with t h e m heartily in this. B u t such claim except the British Israel; and the reason for that
now we say in all kindliness, and with t h e seriousness which b e - claim is due entirely to the fact that the background of this
longs to such a statement, t h a t our evangelical o p p o n e n t s go m u c h
further t h a n higher critics and modernists in d e t e r m i n a t e l y ignoring movement in Judaic.
and often vigorously denying t h e whole of t h e kingdom message Knowing these things, we know t h a t we, as Israel, are subject to
which deals with t h e state and its administration. To do t h i s is to t h e Israel c o n s t i t u t i o n , t h a t in fact our kingdom is made up as of
deny or ignore q u i t e half of t h e Bible literature. old of Jehovah, t h e King of Israel, represented on e a r t h by t h e House
Further, we call the a t t e n t i o n of our evangelical b r e t h r e n to t h e of David, of t h e n a t i o n Israel, over which t h e King bears rule;
fact t h a t at every point t h e kingdom message, as it refers to t h e a n d of t h e c o n s t i t u t i o n , which consists of t h e commandments,
state, interpenetrates t h e evangelical message as it refers to t h e s t a t u t e s , a n d j u d g m e n t s of t h e Lord.
church of Christ. This paragraph lets the cat out of the bag, for Jehove, or
The evangelical message cannot be given in its fullness nor in its
full power if t h e kingdom message and its references to t h e s t a t e Jehovah, is the God of the Jews and David is their coming
are eliminated. It would be foolish for either side to boast; it king. Their constitution or laws is the Talmud, and their
would be equally foolish to fall to estimate t h e work being done. prophecy is taken from the Old Testament.
Accordingly, we say t h a t because we u n d e r s t a n d a n d use t h e n a -
tional element as it penetrates t h e spiritual evangel, we n o t only IS T H I S AN AGE OF REASON?
preach t h e evangel as our evangelical b r e t h r e n do, b u t we preach it Let us now be practical. The United States Army and
in its fullness with t h e fullness of its power in a way t h a t o u r
evangelical b r e t h r e n who disregard t h e kingdom message as it refers the United States Navy, conscripts or no conscripts, are to
to t h e state c a n n o t do. crusade in a stupid war in Asia and Africa. Our young men
263553—19504
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 25
are to give their lives—not in protection or defense of the territories and possessions of Britain. Taking Jerusalem as a center,
United States, but for the sole purpose of establishing a and looking eastward and n o r t h and south, we have Palestine,
Trans-Jordania, Iraq, Arabia. Again taking our stand at Jerusalem
kingdom in Arabia with Jerusalem as the capital, and with and looking southward, we have Egypt and t h e Sudan; with t h e
David as the king of the world. countries beyond t h a t we do n o t now deal; they do n o t come i n t o
I now conclude by quoting the last paragraph: t h e picture. T h e m a p shows t h e British m a n d a t e d territories and
These are t h e things we hold; these are t h e t h i n g s we teach. possessions as t h e h e a r t of t h e world, and this they are. Whoever
On what ground do Christian ministers oppose us? On what possesses t h e m a quarter of a century from now will dominate t h e
world. God h a s said t h a t Israel shall possess t h e m . We believe
ground do they say t h a t we are schismatic or heretics? Surely, if t h a t t h e Celto-Saxon world is Israel. Therefore, Israel, t h e sons
either ourselves or our opponents are schismatic or heretics, it of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, with Ishmael, will possess t h e land.
m u s t be our opponents, for we stand squarely for t h e faith which
was first delivered to t h e saints. B u t Italy has a n n o u n c e d t h e i n t e n t i o n to regain t h a t which once
constituted t h e eastern p a r t of t h e R o m a n Empire. T h a t is plain
Published by t h e Covenant Publishing Co., Ltd., 6 Buckingham enough and needs no explanation.
Gate, London, SW. 1. Printed by t h e Stanhope Press, Ltd., Russia has long announced her intention and h a s every p l a n made
Rochester, Kent. to take possession of t h e Euphrates Valley and Palestine, at t h e least.
I hope that Members of Congress will read this insert, T h a t also is historic, plain, and needs no interpretation.
entitled, "British-Israel Is True," and another insert en- Germany, in t h e last war. m a d e a definite a t t e m p t to hold t h e
land which, t h r o u g h Turkey, she had occupied. She lost t h e war,
titled, "The International Situation," because both state the b u t not t h e cause, and has by no m e a n s given up hope or intention
purpose of the British and the American Israel, as well as In regard to such possession.
the Anglo-Saxon Federation. T h e Bible takes knowledge of all this, and prewrltes t h e history
of t h e threefold a t t e m p t to obtain possession of t h e l a n d . . T h e
t h i r t y - e i g h t h and t h i r t y - n i n t h chapters of Ezekiel are very definite
Steps Toward British Union, a World State, and on t h e m a t t e r . We shall later quote t h e necessary passages to illus-
t r a t e this. T h e minor prophets have had very clear vision of this
Internal Strife—Part VIII upheaval, as t h e y had very clear vision of t h a t upheaval which
ended in t h e destruction of Jerusalem. We recommend t h e reader
to t u r n to Joel and read t h a t wonderful prophecy. In my copy of
REMARKS t h e Oxford Bible it begins at page 1112. It embraces less t h a n four
pages, and can be read in half an hour. I would recommend t h e n
of t h a t t h e reader should t u r n to Zechariah, chapter XII, and read
it to t h e end. In my copy it is page 1162, and two-and-a-half
HON. J. THORKELSON pages of t h e Bible embrace it all. In chapter XIV, verse 2, there
OF MONTANA is t h i s s t a t e m e n t : "For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem
to battle." Now, t h i s is a prophecy which would n o t have fitted any
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES former period of world history. It is a prophecy which will fit no
Tuesday, September 3, 1940 future period of t h e world history. It is a prophecy which will
have fulfillment now.
Mr. THORKELSON. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend All nations, t h e n , are to be gathered against t h a t territory now
my remarks in the RECORD, I include an article entitled "The u n d e r t h e British throne, which has Jerusalem for its center. Three
International Situation." This article appeared in the Na- groups will move against t h i s territory, with t h e intention of
occupying t h e whole or a part thereof. First among t h e m will be
tional Message, the official organ of the British-Israel World t h e chief prince of Meshech (Moscow) and Tubal (Tobolsk). The
Federation, under date of November 23, 1925. It is also second group listed are Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya. T h e third
affiliated with the American-Israel Movement, located in group listed are Gomer (Middle Europe) and all his bands, t h e
house of Togarmah of t h e north quarters, and all his bands, and
Knoxville, Tenn. m a n y peoples with h i m . In t h e m a p on t h e previous page we have
The front page of this pamphlet shows the battle map of traced arrows to show t h e lines of approach by which t h e various
Egypt and Arabia, with arrows pointing from Ethiopia toward peoples will invade t h e British territories, a l l aiming at Jerusalem as
t h e central p o i n t . Here is t h e m a p :
the Sudan; and with three arrows pointing from Persia, Si-
Translated i n t o modern phraseology. Central Europe, Russia, and
beria, and Tobolsk, toward Iraq and Arabia. There are also t h a t power which holds Ethiopia and Libya will be marching toward
three arrows pointing from Moscow, central Europe, and a common center with one definite purpose; namely, t h e seizing of
southern Europe toward Syria, and one arrow from Libya, t h e land. Those who would read w h a t will be t h e final issue of t h e
pointing toward Egypt. This map is therefore to show the m a t t e r may read t h e passages already n a m e d in Joel a n d Zechariah
and, more specifically, t h e thirty-eighth and t h i r t y - n i n t h chapters
direction of attack on these British Mandates, as prophesied of Ezekiel.
by the British-Israel World Federation. T h e following passages furnish those details:
What is our position in this battle plan of British-Israel? "And say, T h u s saith t h e Lord God; Behold, I am against thee,
O Gog, t h e chief prince of Meshech and T u b a l :
Our position is supposed to be on the side of Great Britain, "And I will t u r n thee back, and p u t hooks into t h y jaws, and I
to war in the Sudan, Egypt, Arabia, Iraq, Palestine, and Syria, will bring t h e e forth, a n d all t h i n e army, horses and horsemen, all
against all the world powers. It will require a large army to of t h e m clothed with" all sorts of armour, even a great company with
fight the world, so I am not astonished when the Chief insists bucklers and shields, all of t h e m h a n d l i n g swords:
"Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with t h e m : all of t h e m with shield
that we call out 40,000,000 men to fight for the British-Israel and h e l m e t :
World Federation. All of this is to establish Jerusalem as the "Gomer, and all h i s bands; t h e h o u s e of Togarmah of t h e n o r t h
capital of the world and the center of this world government quarters, a n d all h i s b a n d s : a n d m a n y people with thee."—Ezeklel
xxxvii:3-6.
in Egypt and Arabia. T h e Lord's a r m y who shall oppose t h e m are:
Our Army will travel by the way of the Pacific and Indian "Sbeba and Dedan, a n d t h e m e r c h a n t s of Tarshish, with all t h e
Ocean to India and the South African British possessions, young lions thereof, shall say u n t o thee, Art t h o u come to take a
such as Tanganyika and Rhodesia, from which attack will be spoil? Hast t h o u gathered t h y company to t a k e a prey? To carry
away silver and gold, to take away cattle and goods, to take a great
launched against the forces that are supposed to attack this spoil?—Ezekiel xxxviii:13.
little parcel of land lying on each side of the Red Sea. This T h e gathering of t h e nations is expected and provided against by
might seem like a crazy plan, but it is that which the British- t h e Lord; t h e King of Israel:
Israel and Great Britain have in mind in this war. "For I will gather all n a t i o n s against Jerusalem to battle; and
t h e city shall be taken, and t h e houses* rifled, and t h e women
I have described the map and shall now insert the article ravished; a n d half of t h e city shall go forth into captivity, and t h e
which appears on the other side of the pamphlet. residue of t h e people shall n o t be c u t off from t h e city.
We come to t h e consideration of t h e i n t e r n a t i o n a l situation. T h e "Then shall t h e Lord go forth, and fight against those nations,
a t t e n t i o n of t h e world h a s been d r a w n irresistibly to Italy by t h e as when he fought in t h e day of battle."—Zechariah xiv.2-3.
movements of Italy. This is focused at t h e m o m e n t on t h e inva- Mr. Speaker, I shall make no comments on this article,
sion of Ethiopia. We have n o t dealt at large w i t h t h i s m a t t e r , a n d
we have avoided having m u c h discussion on it in t h e National except to say that this is a description of the coming war
Message. It is important, and t h e events will be t h e measure of t h e that is planned to take place in Egypt. I shall now include
importance. But, after all, it is b u t a detail of t h e larger p l a n . excerpts from other articles, giving the names of the maga-
Italy is moving; Russia is quiescent, a n d G e r m a n y active only
within h e r own boundaries. We consider t h a t I t a l y is less of a zines, so that those who read may be better informed of the
menace to u l t i m a t e world peace t h a n either Russia or G e r m a n y . most devilish plot which has ever been evolved by the brain
We t u r n to our Book and there find our instructions. We give, in of man.
connection with t h i s article, a m a p of t h e h e a r t of t h e world. We I now quote from "The hand of God in the White House,"
call to mind t h a t t h e city of Jerusalem is placed exactly in t h e
center of t h e world's population. We further call to m i n d t h a t t h e by Edna Bandler:
Great Pyramid is t h e center of t h e land surface of t h e world. F r a n k l i n D. Roosevelt, ordained and used by God to be His execu-
Around those two centers, including t h e m , we find t h e m a n d a t e d tive—to be t h e leader a n d d e l i v e r e r of His people (like Moses) to
263553----19504----4
26 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
deliver t h e m o u t of t h e depression and o u t of chads. t h e h a n d s of every officer in t h e United S t a t e s Army and Navy. As
Only t h e h a n d of God could have delivered t h i s m a n o u t of a foretaste of w h a t our readers are to receive in t h e next months
t h e n e t of t h e Chaldeans. B u t he stood alone like a Christian from t h e publication of these wonderful stories of God's dealing in
statesman and pleaded t h e cause of his people. J u s t he a n d God— t h e lives of great m e n of empire, we q u o t e a sentence or two, from
no "party m a n " or organization could boast. J u s t t h e h a n d of God t h e letter from Admiral Sir Harry H. Stileman which accompanied
p u t h i m o n t h e throne. t h e manuscript. "I send it with t h e earnest prayer t h a t my ex-
I have seen t h e hand of God in t h e White House. From' t h e day perience as a r e c o n c i l e d sinner may help some brother officer in
t h e shield of David and seal of Solomon was discovered on t h e t h e United States Navy to lay down t h e arms of his rebellion at
porte-cochere of t h e White House kitchen, President Roosevelt h a s t h e feet of t h e Lord Jesus, t h e c a p t a i n of t h e Lord's host, and
been accused of placing t h e Jew sign on everything: T h e six- accept from these pierced h a n d s God's gift of eternal life." These
pointed star rightfully belongs to us, a n d George Washington or- admirals a n d these generals are m e n w h o won their promotions
dered it on t h e White House pillar, and it was n o t an accident and highest honors in t h e Great War. Their testimonies are go-
t h a t Betsy Ross, whose father and family were t h e makers of t h e ing to be of great interest, h e a r t warming, thrilling words to p u t
first Stars and Stripes; Betsy changed t h e s t a r to t h e five-pointed i n t o t h e h a n d s of young people.
star, b u t God m e a n t it to be so. We, " t h e preserved of Israel,"
were lost and hidden until a time appointed to be revealed. This movement is very subtle, and on its face appears to be
With t h e David shield, Solomon's seal, t h e great pyramid m e s - a Christian movement. We must, however, take into consid-
sage, "A memorial forever," told in t h e book of Joshua, fourth eration that the people who fight and die in this war are not
chapter, a n d t h i s pyramid coming o u t o n t h e new $ 1 bill w i t h t h e
six-pointed star, all has great significance. only Christians, but include other creeds and races as well.
"All t h e shields of t h e earth belongeth u n t o Me, saith t h e Lord, We will conscript an army today, not to protect America, for
and when t h e standard and t h e ensign is set u p , ye shall know we are not threatened. We will instead organize an army to
your redemption drawetb nigh." T h e reason t h i s obverse side of
t h e seal is only on t h e $1 bill is because "Christ a n d His people are fight in the Holy Land on the side of the English. Can we
one." On our early coin with t h e 13 links of chain, a n d in t h e hope to succeed in this war, facing as we will all nations in
center of t h e coin "We are one," a n d on t h e other side it was the world? The answer is absolutely "No." We should,
w r i t t e n : "Mind your own business." Our shield a n d all t h e shields therefore, make it our business to build the defenses of the
of t h e nation tell their story. In my new book, Unveiling of Israel,
m a n y startling things. A great prophecy h a s Just been revealed. United States, wash our hands of this deadly international
intrigue that is enshrouding common sense and sound rea-
I shall now quote from a book entitled "The House of soning. And this may be done, as I have said many, many
Israel": times, by returning to our fundamental teachings and to the
Much is made of t h e "perpetuity of t h e Davidic t h r o n e . " If t h e principles set forth in the Constitution of the United States.
Davidic t h r o n e was to be established forever, t h e n it m u s t be
found somewhere now. The English t h r o n e m u s t therefore be t h e
t h r o n e of David, and King George t h e seed of David, for does n o t
t h e Scripture say t h a t "David shall never w a n t a m a n to sit u p o n
t h e throne of t h e house of Israel"? (Jer. 3 3 : 17, 20-21.)
Steps Toward British Union, a World State, and
I shall now quote an excerpt from Time, of September 16, Internal Strife—Part IX
1936, by Mrs. Edna Bandler, whose husband, I believe, was a
prominent Jew: REMARKS
"The coming of t h e Lord * * * G r e a t confusion u p o n e a r t h OF
* * * September 16, 1936," was a n n o u n c e d last year in M a n -
h a t t a n by a Mrs. Edna Bandler in volume 1, No. 1, of a magazine
called t h e Prophet. Last week Mrs. Bandler t u r n e d up in t h e
HON. J. THORKELSON
news again, conducting a "week of prophecy" in Town Hall daily, OF MONTANA
donning a w h i t e veil a n d prophesying for t h e 25 to 100 people IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
who dropped in, admission free, to hear her.
Edna Bandler is t h e white-haired intense-eyed widow of a rich Thursday, September 5, 1940
diamond merchant. Until 2 years ago she lived in a mansion, full
of gilt and marble, which J o h n D. Rockefeller b u i l t years ago in Mr. THORKELSON. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend
West Fifty-fourth Street for h i s son, J o h n D., J r . She now dwells my remarks in the RECORD, I include certain excerpts from
and conducts prophetic services for a small b a n d of followers in a the magazine Prophecy, monthly—current events in the light
lushly furnished duplex studio in West Fifty-seventh Street, a of Scripture, June 1936.
neighborhood in which Sourish m a n y Swamis a n d f a i t h healers.
Mrs. Bandler prophesies in a helter-skelter flow of words which I am endeavoring to shed a little light on the British-
m a n y a listener last week found incoherent. Several of h e r ideas Israel World Federation and the Anglo-Saxon Federation,
accord with those of British "Pyramidologists," w h o believe t h a t in for both of these movements are not, as I have said, in the
t h e courses of masonry and m a n y t u n n e l s of t h e Great Pyramid
of Cheops are to be found prophecies of t h e world's history u n t i l interest of the United States.
t h e year 2045. Pyramidologists t h o u g h t September 16, 1936 was Unfortunately, members of these groups—and I believe
to be epochal for t h e world, b u t Prophetress Bandler now denies many of them are innocent members—are going hand in hand,
t h a t she predicted a n y t h i n g like t h e world's end. She insists,
however, t h a t , known only to her, 300,000 people were slaughtered supporting a plan which is undermining our churches, chang-
on Mt. Carmel on t h a t d a t e . Sample Bandler prophecies: ing our educational system, so as to prepare the public to
Fascists are t h e Philistines. Mussolini is t h e Biblical "beast of quietly accept a colonial status in the British Empire.
t h e iron t e e t h , " a n d he will take over Spain. This movement is carried forward, as I have said, by the
T h e 12 most powerful n a t i o n s on e a r t h are t h e 12 tribes of Israel,
of which Prophetress Bandler will identify only England ( E p h r a i m ) , various endowment foundations and by the many pro-Eng-
France ( R e u b e n ) , t h e United States (Manasseh). lish organizations, such as the Overseas Club, the Pilgrims,
. President Roosevelt, to be t h e last United States President, is American-Canadian Clubs, and Anglo-American Clubs, and
God's anointed. Because he is divinely ordained, a n d also because even the Octavia Society of England. All of these have many
m a n ' s span is 70 years, t h e President will be allowed to appoint
as many 8upreme Court Justices as he pleases. branches throughout the United States, and are in reality
The world's redemption will come t h r o u g h love. " I ' m giving t h e as subversive as the communistic party itself. The only dif-
last love-call for t h e world before t h e t r i b u l a t i o n comes." ference is in that the membership of these upper-strata
When all communications between t h e United S t a t e s a n d Europe organizations occupy a social status, which leaves them more
are c u t off, when radios go dead, when we are forbidden by decree
to speak t h e name of Jesus, when David, Duke of Windsor, takes or less immune from criticism. However, it is important that
an airplane to Jerusalem, t h e n we will know t h e conflict is at light be shed upon their activities, so that we may know them
hand. for what they are.
This will give my colleagues an idea of the British-Israel The first article concerns Bishop T. Manning, and is evi-
World Federation, an organization which is widely distributed dently a criticism of statements which he has made. Bishop
into every nook and corner of the Nation. These subversive Manning is well known and no doubt the walls of his church
teachings which have for their purpose the creation of a carry many secrets that in themselves would be a revelation.
world government, with Jerusalem as the capital, should I shall now quote this article:
now be clear to all who read this message. This movement [From Prophecy Monthly—Current E v e n t s in t h e Light of Scripture
has infiltrated our churches, schools, and even the Army of J u n e 1936]
itself, as this quotation clearly reveals: W O R K I N G TOWARD T H E O N E VISIBLE CHURCH
More t h a n a year h a s passed, b u t at last we have secured, t h r o u g h "Mystery Babylon, t h e great, t h e mother of harlots and abomina-
t h e help of Mr. C. H. M. Foster, t h e honorary secretary of t h e Kes- tions of t h e e a r t h " (Revelations, 17:6).
wick convention, testimonials from several m e n of high r a n k in T h e Episcopal bishop, William T. Manning, who a few years ago
t h e British military a n d naval service, which we i n t e n d placing in h a d something of a testimony for orthodox Christianity, is now
262553---19504
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD 27
campaigning for a great religious federation to include everything Anglo-Israel literature h a s been s a t u r a t e d with predictions t h a t
Protestant a n d Catholic. In an essay being distributed in several Armageddon would take place in t h e years 1928 to 1934. In this
nations he decries t h e "sin" of disunion of Protestantism and period was included t h e seven times for J u d a h ' s trouble, t h e gather-
Catholicism. ing of all n a t i o n s against Jerusalem, t h e repealing of all man-made
He calls for " t r u e a n d full conversion to Christ" in Protestantism laws by Britain a n d America, t h e adoption of t h e constitutional law
of all sects and Catholicism, whether Roman. Anglican, or otherwise. given to Moses a n d t h e assumption of Authority by Christ. We were
T h e essays are' to be t h e subject of discussion a n d questionnaires to see in 1934 t h e last war for 1,000 years. It was flatly stated
among these Anglican c o m m u n i c a n t s d u r i n g t h e next 4 years to t h a t if these t h i n g s did n o t come to pass as scheduled, it would be
obtain a s t a t e m e n t of essential principles, or a platform on which t h e first time t h a t t h e revelation of t h e Sone Bible (pyramid) had
t h e reunion of Christendom may be approached by Anglicans. ever failed. One of their most cocksure writers, W. C. McKendrick.
This platform will be presented at an International convention in w e n t so far as to say: "You can depend u p o n it t h a t every divinely
London in J u n e 1940, to which three representatives from every inspired prophecy from 1917 to 1938 will come t r u e at t h e allotted
Anglican diocese in t h e world will be invited. time. Armageddon will be u p o n us 11 years from t h e t i m e we took
"In t h e great task of reconciling Protestantism and Catholicism," Jerusalem."
he said, "it seems t h a t God has set t h e Anglican c o m m u n i o n in t h e Those w h o are sincere seekers of t r u t h should accept our chal-
middle place for t h e very purpose of reconciliation." lenge to read Mr. Aldrich's booklet and check his quotation with t h e
We can never believe t h a t when our Lord prayed t h a t His people s t a n d a r d books from which they are taken. They will find t h a t
"might be o n e " t h a t He contemplated t h a t t h e desired u n i t y should they are following blind leaders who have not hesitated to employ
be manifested by one comprehensive religious corporation. Where trickery in their efforts to m a i n t a i n a following. We do not ques-
will we find in t h e church epistles any i n t i m a t i o n t h a t God recog- tion t h e sincerity of many who have accepted and are teaching
nizes in any way t h e existence on earth of one visible church u n d e r these doctrines, b u t we do pray t h a t they will let t h e sure Word
t h e a u t h o r i t y of one ecclesiastical organization? God recognizes of Prophecy be their guide. When t h e books of men become es-
only t h e mystic church, comprised of born-again persons, wherever sential to one's m a i n t a i n i n g of a system called Christian, we have
they may be, and God's purpose requires no tinkering at t h e h a n d s reason to suspect t h a t we are off t h e m a i n track.
of schemers to repair its unity, for it has never been broken. T h e
u n i t y for which our Lord prayed ( J o h n , 17:21-23) is a u n i t y of life I have taken the liberty of including this article, in order
in t h e Father and in Himself. to show that British-Israel is suspected by many people, who
If t h e good bishop is working for such a u n i t y , produced only know the real background of this movement. My reason for
through t h e regeneration of individuals, we are with him. A c h u r c h
t h a t is t h e creation of t h e Holy Spirit m u s t be a c h u r c h founded inserting these articles is to bring to light the fact that there
on t h e eternal rock—the deity a n d atoning work of Jesus Christ. is a movement on foot to try to establish authenticity, or to
The apostate denominations can never be b r o u g h t together on such prove the prophecies of the Old Testament. We have no
a basis. Any vast h u m a n organization such as is proposed can be need for occultism, or for astrology, or for phrenology—feel-
b r o u g h t into existence only t h r o u g h compromise. It would be t h e
counterfeit of t h e body of Christ, t h e prophesied federation of ing the bumps on the head, and such hocus-pocus. What
apostate sects which is to m a r k t h e days of t h e age end. W i t h such we need is good, sound statesmanship, that is based upon
a movement, we would have no p a r t whatever. the Constitution of the United States. What do we care
T h e words of t h e risen Christ recorded in Revelation should be about Moses, and what do we care about the prophecies of
sufficient guidance as to His mind in this age. Here He addressed
each of t h e several churches of Asia and His appeal at t h e close of the Old Testament? What interest can we have in the
each is: "He t h a t h a t h an ear, let h i m hear w h a t t h e Spirit saith people who are trying to interpret these prophecies in order
u n t o t h e churches." His appeal is to t h e individual believer in to compel us to enact these mysteries in a real world war,
respect to His Word and He holds each individual c h u r c h responsible which can only end in the sacrifice of millions of lives. Let
directly to Himself.
us get back to sound reason and common sense, and forget all
My opinion is that the people should be left free to worship of this soothsaying, legerdemain, and phophesying. Our
as they please, within the rights and liberties of the Consti- Nation cannot be guided by astrological predictions or by any
tution. For anyone to attempt to establish a monopolistic other mystic procedure, for such entertainment is fine in the
church, as advocated by Bishop Manning, is as unsound as parlor but has no place on the Ship of State.
monopoly in commerce and of the gold which is now in the I shall now quote another short article from the same
Treasury of the United States. All of this is a part of the magazine:
British-Israel plan to undermine the United States. I shall THIS I S J E R U S A L E M SPEAKING
now quote an article from the same magazine entitled " T h e n will I t u r n to t h e people a pure language." (Zeph. 3:9.)
"Proofs of British-Israel Trickery," on page 21: It is interesting enough to find t h a t a language for centuries
PROOFS OF B R I T I S H - I S R A E L TRICKERY considered dead, should be suddenly revived and spoken by 90
If it seems to some of our readers t h a t we have m u c h to say percent of t h e Jews in Palestine, b u t doubly striking to learn t h a t
on t h e subject of Anglo-Israelism, t h e y should u n d e r s t a n d t h a t within t h e last few m o n t h s , a Palestine Jew, Jacob Maimon, has
our mail is flooded with letters a n d literature from readers who adapted t h e international stenographic system to t h e Hebrew lan-
are taking up w i t h these ideas, a n d our increasing conviction t h a t guage, achieving t h e m a x i m u m of efficiency required. Maimon and
his adept s t u d e n t s are a familiar sight at meetings of t h e Zionist
this is one of t h e latter-day deceptions, leads us to repeat our General C o u n c i l a n d t h e Zionist Congress, compiling complete rec-
warnings. ords in Hebrew. Classes were started some time ago in Tel Aviv,
We sometimes receive letters from p r e m i l l e n i a l ministers d e - and t h e first s h o r t h a n d writers are on t h e staff of Daver, t h e
fending these doctrines, a n d r e m o n s t r a t i n g t h a t we have no r i g h t Hebrew labor daily.
to term this a heresy for it is being preached by m a n y who are t r u e On March 30 Hebrew m a d e its world d e b u t as a radio language,
to t h e fundamentals of salvation. T h i s we do n o t d o u b t , yet we when t h e Palestine broadcasting service was inaugurated, with
are certain t h a t these sincere m e n do n o t realize to w h a t e x t e n t addresses by Sir A r t h u r Wauchope a n d members of t h e Jewish and
they have been imposed u p o n by official literature of t h e move- Arab c o m m u n i t y .
ment, or to w h a t port they are being led. It may be t r u e t h a t some "This is Jerusalem calling" were t h e words t h a t opened t h e sta-
advocates of Anglo-Israelism preach "Christ a n d Him crucified," tion in English, Hebrew, a n d Arabic, a n d introduced t h e speech
b u t it is equally certain t h a t some of t h e o u t s t a n d i n g writers on of Postmaster General William Hudson.
t h e subject have no place for t h i s message b u t preach legalism In various p a r t s of Jerusalem, crowds thronged t h e outside of
in its full potency. In all t h e literature, it is t h e peculiar "gospel radio stores listening as t h e radio loud speakers broadcasted t h e
of t h e kingdom" which is given prominence, a n d t h i s is a doctrine country's first program.
of t h e supremacy of t h e Anglo-Saxon people a n d their calling to We read in a Jewish paper t h a t a serious disturbance threatened
reform t h e world. as Arabs warned t h e Palestine Broadcasting Co. t h a t a national
One of t h e most s t a r t l i n g exposures of t h e official l i t e r a t u r e t h a t issue would be made of it, if t h e new broadcasters dared to refer
we have seen in small form is a recent booklet by Rev. Roy L. Aid- to Palestine as "Eretz Israel." Use of t h e phrase, which is t h e
rich, of Detroit, entitled "Anglo-Israelism Refuted." Mr. Aldrich Hebrew for " t h e l a n d of Israel" h a s already caused t h e resignation-
dated t h e subject with Howard B. R a n d , general secretary of t h e of t h e Arab section of t h e broadcasting station.
Anglo-Saxon Federation of America, in a high school a u d i t o r i u m
in Detroit. Mr Rand u t t e r l y failed to answer t h e propositions It is quite evident, after reading this article, that the Arabs
stated by Mr. Aldrich. did not like the Jews to say, "Eretz Israel." The Arabs no
In t h e booklet mentioned, Mr. Aldrich gives n u m e r o u s q u o t a t i o n s
taken from t h e best known books of t h e movement, showing how doubt look upon Arabia as their own home, which is proper and
t h e writers have deliberately misquoted Scripture or omitted por- right, because they have lived there longer than anyone else.
tions of verses which would have r u i n e d t h e a r g u m e n t . He shows This article also calls attention to the split in the false and
how they have also misrepresented t h e position of o t h e r writers.
B u t if one wishes conclusive evidence of t h e fallacy of t h e t h i n g , true Semetic ranks, for the Arab, we must confess, is a true
h e should read t h e q u o t a t i o n s a s t o t i m e reckonings a n d t h e set- Semite.
ting of dates based u p o n pyramid measurings and t h e year-day I wish to quote still another article from the same magazine,
theory. He quotes again and again from positive predictions of which is in regard to a manifesto, which the editor received:
officially recognized leaders, showing how t h e i r d a t e s b r o u g h t forth
nothing, and how s u b s e q u e n t issues of t h e books dropped these We who have subscribed our names hereto declare t h a t we are
references and s u b s t i t u t e d references to dates still in t h e future. opposed to a n t i - S e m i t i s m in whatever form it may take, as i n -
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28 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD
consistent with our heritage of liberty a n d fair play as citizens of sideration and courtesy—no matter who they may b e . After
America, and as u n w o r t h y of those who bear t h e n a m e of Christian.
We further declare t h a t any a t t e m p t to use t h e Scriptures as an all, it is the people who are the power in this Nation, and we
excuse for an anti-Semitic a t t i t u d e is a perversion of God's Word Members of Congress are elected to protect their rights; and
and irreconcilable with t h e spirit and teaching of t h e Lord J e s u s when we fail in this worthy object they must, in view of our
Christ. * * * We wish our lives to be worthy of t h e Gospel failure, act in their own behalf. It is because of this that
of Christ so t h a t t h e Jew may differentiate between t h e Gentile
who is a Christian and t h e one who is n o t . And wherever there are these people are here in Washington to protest against the
those seeking to m a k e t h e Jewish people acquainted with t h e con- conscription bill.
t e n t s of t h e Christian message, we wish to u p h o l d t h e i r h a n d s in
prayer and sympathy. * * * To t h e Jewish people we declare: I wish to further quote from the Prophecy magazine:
We have for you a h e a r t full of sympathy. • • • We have no Can it be t h a t t h e modernists sense t h e need of a revival and of
part in t h e stirring up of base passions against you, and we w a n t getting back to t h e great commission?
you to know t h a t those who are t h u s guilty do n o t express t h e
love which t h e Lord Jesus Christ h a s commanded us to show you. Let us read on:
Among t h e many signers are Dr. George W. Arms, Brooklyn, N. Y.: T h a t P r o t e s t a n t i s m is n o t as potent as it once was is hardly a
Dr. Arthur I. Brown, Bible lecturer; Dr. Oliver Buswell, W h e a t o n m a t t e r for dispute. Our denominations mean less and less to us.
College; Dr. Herbert W. Bieber, Philadelphia: Dr. O. F. B a r t h o l o w , They represent no i m p o r t a n t convictions on t h e p a r t of their
Mount Vernon, N. Y.; Dr. H. A. Ironside. Chicago; Dr. Howard A. membership, and would visibly collapse were it not for their vested
Kelly, Baltimore; Dr. Fred Melday, Denver; Dr. Lewis Sperry Chafer, Interests and t h e spirit of f e l l o w s h i p sustained by a common
Dallas; Dr. Robert Evans, Pasadena; Dr. Otis Fuller, Grand Rapids; tradition.
Dr. Albert G. Johnson, Portland; Dr. Cortland Myers, Pasadena; Yes; all t h i s we can f o l l o w if t h e writer is t h i n k i n g of t h e results
Dr. Wm. Pettingill, Wilmington, Del.; Dr. Herbert Booth S m i t h , of a d e n a t u r e d Gospel, with its r e s u l t a n t loss of a missionary in-
Los Angeles; Dr. J o h n Bunyan S m i t h , S a n Diego; Dr. W. H. Rogers, centive. Surely there are m a n y churches where t h e pulpit stands
New York; Dr. W. P. White, Los Angeles; Dr. Harold S t r a t h e a r n , for no positive convictions, and membership in t h e m a m o u n t s to
Rochester, N. Y.; Dr. Theodore Taylor, New York; Dr. F r a n k Throop, little more t h a n belonging to a social club. B u t perhaps we have n o t
Columbus, Ohio; Dr. I. L. Yearby, El Paso, Tex., a n d m a n y o t h e r s . c a u g h t t h i s editor's drift. He proceeds:
People like the signers of this manifesto are responsible " I t is high t i m e t h e c h u r c h e s and leaders who sense t h e weakness
for anti-Semitism, for it is they who designate the anti- of our sectarian missionary s t r u c t u r e should come together in a
missionary project which is i n d e p e n d e n t of denominational con-
Semite and who raise the question so that it becomes an trol. An ideal alternative would be for t h e Federal Council of
issue. These gentlemen who signed the manifesto must be Churches to take over t h e missionary enterprise of such denomina-
Semites themselves, or else why would they go into battle tions as would transfer t h e i r present responsibilities to it. It is
against an enemy of their own selection and designation? both logical and u r g e n t . "
And why, pray tell, should we h a n d over t h e m a n a g e m e n t of
Surely no one bears any enmity toward the Semites as missions to this t r o u p of Modernists?
long as they are willing to conform to the same rules and " T h e primary reason," says t h e Christian Century, "is t h a t
regulations that all Americans have obligated themselves to denominational agencies do n o t and c a n n o t express t h e conception
do. A citizen of the United States, however, has the right of Christianity which is taking form among us today. T h e goal
should be n o t h i n g less t h a n t h e reorientation of t h e Christian
to speak in defense of his own Government, without hav- C h u r c h in respect to t h e world mission of Christianity. It is
ing his life threatened by those who employ the term anti- probable t h a t t h e very word 'missions' would have to be abandoned
Semite, and who are Semitic; and I include the gentlemen for a more Christian t e r m . "
who signed the manifesto in that category. T h e cat is out of t h e bag. It is n o t a revival of t h e old-time
religion t h a t these gentlemen are desiring. New emphasis upon
Would it not be more honorable if the same gentlemen t h e marching orders given by our Lord, is not in their t h o u g h t s .
said, if they are not Semites themselves, that they are sup- No; they would even rid t h e c h u r c h of t h e word which implies
porters of the Semites; that they believe in extra Constitu- t h a t m e n w i t h o u t Christ are lost and Deeding t h e good news of
salvation. Instead of going forth 'to seek and to save t h a t which
tional rights for them; that they believe they should own is lost," they would instill into t h e c h u r c h t h e "new conception of
and control all the gold; that they believe they should own Christianity's social responsibility."
all the business and means of communication in the United No longer are we to regard missionaries as saving brands from
t h e burning. Under t h e direction of t h e Federal C o u n c i l of
States; that they believe the so-called anti-Semitic, or gen- Churches, we would delegate t h e m to p u t o u t t h e conflagration
tile American should work with a pick and shovel while the by introducing modern scientific m e t h o d s a n d mass social reforms.
people they support, the Semites, should be lords over the As Dr. Smaller Mathews once p u t i t : "The church should be less
land? Should these gentlemen come out like this, we would concerned in rescuing people t h a n in educating t h e m to keep out
of danger."
know where they stand; but they, like the others, hide be- B u t if we are to set aside completely t h e fundamental basis of
hind a screen of deception. missions as given us by t h e Lord Jesus Christ; if t h e church is
From now on I shall assume that all who use the designa- no longer to hold convictions based u p o n a divinely inspired
tion anti-Semitic are Jews or close associates of the Jew. Christian revelation—one wonders why we should trouble ourselves
to m a i n t a i n such an organization as t h e Christian Church, or
I believe the gentlemen in question will concede this point what need we have of a Federal Council of Churches of Christ?
to me. and in doing that they have also classified themselves. "Woe u n t o t h e m , for they have gone in t h e way of Cain."
The so-called anti-Semites, or gentile Americans can then In concluding this speech, may I say that the Federal
meet this unfair designation as a clear-cut issue. Council of Churches is a subversive organization, the mem-
I was indeed astonished to hear the gentleman from New bers of which are clothed in garments of pink, red, and
York [Mr. CELLER] denounce those of his own race of "Abra- scarlet, all the colors of radicalism and communism. It is
ham, Isaac, and Jacob" for having besieged him in his office, now well to take heed, for this movement is carrying this
to express their views on a critical piece of legislation. Nation into trials, tribulations, and war. No nation can
They, of course, acted within their constitutional rights, in survive unless it maintains Christian morals and believes in
seeking this audience; and, more than that, they acted the teachings of the Man who came from Galilee. It is this
within the provisions of a resolution passed by a conference faith that has carried people on, and it is this faith which has
of rabbis, who, in 1936, went on record as claiming military built up the Christian civilization, a civilization which can-
exemption for conscientious objectors of their own race. not survive when we deny Christian teachings.
I can well understand the Member's embarrassment, par-
ticularly in view of the position he has taken in regard to I have included these articles in my remarks because they
the conscription bill; yet these people are, as I have said, are self-explanatory and more or less in line with the posi-
clearly within their constitutional rights, to express their tion that I have taken as a Member of Congress. No nation
opinion; for it is the people of this Nation who must fight can survive that foregoes the teachings that gave it life and
and die in defense of their own rights. I take it that these security, and these teachings cannot survive if we destroy
people do not object to service within the United States, but the Nation that gives the people an opportunity to express
they do object being conscripted into service and then sent and fortify themselves in the comfort that such teachings
to the Far East to fight for a nation and for a cause in give them.
which they have little interest. We must, therefore, as I have said before, return this
As a Representative in Congress, I have given audience to Nation to those sound and fundamental principles upon
many people who are not residents of my own State, but I which it came into life, namely, the Constitution of the
look upon this as a public duty to treat all people with con- United States.
263553—19504