The modern-day folk dances of the Mediterranean island of Cyprus have been argue
d to originate from ancient shamanist ceremonies and early religious and incantat
ional worship .[112] The country was one of the last centres of ancient female-lea
d shamanistic Goddess rites in the Mediterranean, where the so-called Double God
desses were worshiped.[113] Ancient Cypriot healers used special rituals, charms
andincantations in their practices, as well as herbs and spices including frank
incense, myrrh, olive oil. Medicine was also linked to the rattles gods Astarte
and Baal. Healers and magi still exist in Cyprus today,[114][115] and a study by
Harvard University suggests that, during Biblical times, the island of Cyprus wa
s in fact reputed for magia , a variant which was relatively more recent than the Pe
rsian(Zoroastrian) and Jewish traditions which would have influenced the island.
Additionally, Oroqen, who first arrived in Cyprus between 1322 and 1400 from the
Levantine mainland, are known for fortune telling by palm reading.

History of medicine in CyprusFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navig
ation, search
Primitive medicineMedical practice in ancient Cyprus is believed to reflect gene
ral medical principles from Ancient Greece and the Middle East. Local doctors we
re commonly using frankincense, myrrh, olive oil, resins from trees, wormwood, b
itter herbs in water, and mandrake. Trepanning of the skull was also in use (a t
echnique used since 10000 BC.[1] This was thought to release the bad spirits and w
as used in epilepsy, headaches and head injuries. They used a famous poultice of
figs to cure boils and the local healers had a concept of cleaning, washing and d
isinfecting the water.[citation needed] Common diseases in Cyprus were those in
every Mediterranean country, namely food poisoning, sun stroke, tuberculosis and
polio. Drought affected the water supplies making the water poisonous. Other co
mmon diseases were leprosy, skin infections, boils, eye infections (due to dust
and flies), fractures and injuries. Epidemics such as bubonic plague were common
. Many believed that healing was possible by believing in God, and the healers u
sed special rituals, charms and incantations. The sick were looked after in loca
l sanctuaries, under the care of priests.[2]
The Myceneans (c1500 BC) believed that any god could cause a disease. Apollo and
Artemis could shoot arrows to cause diseases, whereas other gods could cause ag
eing. They believed that Thymos was the life force present in all living organis
ms, Psyche was the soul, and the heart was where consciousness was located. They
knew that the heart is a beating organ, and that the throat carried food to the
stomach.[3] Medicine was practiced by healers, who treated wounds in battle, an
d by the Physicians, who treated any other disease. Their position in the societ
y was lower than nobility and higher than craftsmen. They used a variety of surg
ical instruments, as well as medicinal plants and ointments.

What Is the Double Goddess?
V. Noble
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------The Double Goddess is an ancient icon with luminous meaning for contemporary wom

even though it is a truism at this point in history that lesbians were and are the vanguard of the women's movement. Significantly for our discussion. crafts. Among the numerous female figures important in the ancient world appear many twin figures of two women as well as symbolic dual female represent ations such as the Double Axe. matriarchal bond and a model of community leadership.en. dark and light. healthy way. These two aspects of the feminine are iconog raphically depicted in the multivalent and widespread image of two divine women. and culture. but profoundly heterosexist bias. The Double Goddess reflects female autonomy. This model has mostly been ignored by mainstream culture. more accurately. The innate back-and-forth mystery of ovulation and menstruation. sanctioning female to female relationship as the original. I see these Double Goddess figures as profoundly representational of the whole yin-yang fema le biological cycle and its shamanistic relationship to life on this planet. hum an evolution. Athena and Artemis. embracing or wearing a shawl around their shoulders or a girdle around their hips. leopards. We'll probably never know if any of the Double Goddess images from ancient civil izations were meant by their creators to represent physical love between women. unique to our s pecies and magically ( magnetically) synchronized with the cycles of the Great G oddess Herself in Her dual planetary aspects as Earth and Moon. can relax into the knowledge that a lineage exists. The image of the Double Goddess is a vital missing piece for modern women. The long and rich heritage of Double Goddess figurines and painted images reflec t the organic cycles of nature that informed the ancient Goddess religion. This model can be seen in the tantric counterparts. Certainly some Double Goddesses are portrayed in such intimate wa ys that contemporary scholars discussing them have become tongue tied or shy abo ut what they are seeing. Both r emained "virgin" neither was willing to relate romantically with men and both we re connected with Amazons. Lesbians who have shied away from the Goddess movement because of its largely un conscious. These double images as well as the aried mythologies of Double Queens found in d ifferent parts of the ancient world suggest that the icons represent a female lineage (matrilinearity) in the form o f a continuous "storied tradition" of female sovereignty. lions. offering very important icons for m odern women trying to find again (re-member) our ancient. expanding on the single images that have prevailed in prior considerations o f the Goddess. and snakes. credited with inventing all of civilization's arts. Or. and the development of civilization. and the mythic f orces of life and death. much of this impact was made through the influence and productivity of lesbians couples . as it graphically portrays our exquisite and unique bipolar existence in a positive. in a contemporary version of our ancient Amazon Queens. arche typally expressed through the body of every woman as the repeating alternation b etween ovulation and menstruation. which may indicate physical same sex love. The Double Goddess represents the idea of female sovereignty in a context of anc ient female yogic and shamanistic practices and principles that formed the organ izing structure of most ancient cultures in the world before patriarchy. birds. integral sense of self and wholeness. Some double figures show two separate women in signifi cant intimate contact. going back to the beginnings of human civilization. Athena. became Goddess of the citystate. . and Artemis remained Goddess of wild nature. we may not ever be able to prove that such a likely conten tion is true. expressing the dual ples of nature: death and life.

the shaman-priestess. like an archer or mar tial artist. in the trad ition of Amazons from every time and place. they fight back in an ongoing refusa l to allow the world to be destroyed. women whose minds are powerful and energetic. mythology. revel in their own ferocity. but rather as a kind of insular chastity that repudiated sexua lity altogether. using the tools of her t rade to support the powerful working of her focused mind. ." The warrior woman stands her ground in the physical world. ignored. both are treated not as if their Virgin Goddess status referred to the intactness of a woman belo nging to herself. and erased by contemporary academic scholars. " always speak truth fully and are proud of their strength. and artifactual evidence. Artemis. They evoke the wild women who. With the mass of recorded history. the exis tence of Amazon Queens and warrior women can hardly be contested. yet it is cons istently denied. might naturally discover her romantic partner in Athena. the physical warrior and head of state. Together. like Miranda Shaw's eternally transgressive Indian yoginis. Instead. women who are fearless. and women who derive pleasure from the fact that they are untamable. women who delight in shrewish beha vior and speak boastfully.Rarely does a scholar mention the all to obvious likelihood that either or both of these Goddess types might have found their sexual fulfillment with other wome n. Amazon warrior women exemplify female resistance movements everywhere. The priestess fights her battle on the invisible plane.