You are on page 1of 19

Industry Overview Telecom & Solar Power

Telecom
India is currently the worlds second-largest telecommunications market and has registered
strong growth in the past decade and half. The Indian mobile economy is growing rapidly and
is expected to contribute substantially to Indias Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
The liberal and reformist policies of the Government of India have been instrumental along
with strong consumer demand in the rapid growth in the Indian telecom sector. The
government has enabled easy market access to telecom equipment and a fair and proactive
regulatory framework that has ensured availability of telecom services to consumer at
affordable prices. The deregulation of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) norms has made the
sector one of the fastest growing and a top five employment opportunity generator in the
country.
Market Size
The Indian telecommunication services market will likely grow by 10.3 per cent year-on-year
to reach US$ 103.9 billion by 2020#.
Driven by strong adoption of data consumption on handheld devices, the total mobile services
market revenue in India is expected to touch US$ 37 billion in 2017^.
Smartphone subscription in India is expected to increase four-fold to 810 million users by
2021, while the total smartphone traffic is expected to grow 15-fold to 4.5 exabytes (EB) per
month by 2021###.
India' has the second largest mobile subscriber base in the world. According to Telecom
Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), the total telecom subscriber base in December 2015
stood at 1.04 billion, out of which 1.01 billion were mobile subscribers and 25.52 million
were wireline subscribers.$
According to a study by GSMA, smartphones are expected to account for two out of every
three mobile connections globally by 2020 making India the fourth largest smartphone
market. Total number of Fourth-Generation (4G) enabled smartphone shipments in India
stood at 13.9 million units in the quarter ending December 2015, which was more than 50 per
cent of total shipments, thereby surpassing number of Third-Generation (3G) enabled
smartphone shipments for the first time. ^^
The broadband services user-base in India is expected to grow to 250 million connections by
2017, according to GSMA.
India added the highest number of net mobile phone subscriptions of 21 million during the
fourth quarter of 2015@.
International Data Corporation (IDC) predicts India to overtake US as the second-largest
smartphone market globally by 2017 and to maintain high growth rate over the next few
years as people switch to smartphones and gradually upgrade to 4G.
In spite of only 5 per cent increase in mobile connections in 2015, overall expenditure on
mobile services in India is expected to increase to US$ 21.4 billion in 2015, led by 15 per
cent growth in data services expenditure@@.
The Indian telecom sector is expected to generate four million direct and indirect jobs over
the next five years according to estimates by Randstad India. The employment opportunities
are expected to be created due to combination of governments efforts to increase penetration
in rural areas and the rapid increase in smartphone sales and rising internet usage.

Investment
With daily increasing subscriber base, there have been a lot of investments and developments
in the sector.
The industry has attracted FDI worth US$ 18.38 billion during the period April 2000 to
March 2016, according to the data released by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion
(DIPP).
Some of the major developments in the recent past are:

Xiaomi, worlds third largest smartphone maker, has approached state governments in
India to set up handset plants in collaboration with Chinese contract manufacturer
Foxconn, in order to boost their production to keep pace with the rising demand.

Axiata Digital, a subsidiary of Malaysias largest telecom firm Axiata Group Berhad,
has made its entry into Indian e-commerce market by investing Rs 100 crores (US$
14.82 million) in Bengaluru-based StoreKing.

Sterlite Technologies, one of Indias leading optic fibre and telecommunication cable
manufacturers, plans to collaborate with telecommunication carriers to deploy smart
communication networks in India, which are expected to have a lifespan of up to 25
years as against the normal lifespan of seven to eight years.

Indias largest telecom operator Bharti Airtel Limited plans to buy entire spectrum of
Videocon Telecommunications Limited for Rs 4,428 crore (US$ 656.4 million) which
will give the telecom operator additional spectrum in the 1,800 MHz band in six
licence areas namely Bihar, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Eastern Uttar Pradesh,
Western Uttar Pradesh, and Gujarat.

Chinese smartphone manufacturer OnePlus has partnered with Foxconn to start


manufacturing its products in India as part of its plan to have 90 per cent of the
devices sold in India to be locally manufactured by the end of 2017.

Government of India to make a windfall gain from sale of spectrum in 2016-17 and
achieve its fiscal deficit target of 3.5 per cent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for
the year.

Mr Paolo Colella, Managing Director, Ericsson India has identified India to be one of
the fastest growth regions for Ericsson globally and has announced setting up of its
second manufacturing plant in Pune, Maharashtra.

Walmart India Private Limited's president has shown interest in opening its chain of
stores in Haryana, while Micromax has also offered to set up a mobile handset
manufacturing unit in the National Capital Region (NCR).

Vodacom SA, a subsidiary of Vodafone Plc, has entered into an agreement with Tata
Communications Ltd to buy the fixed-line assets of TataComm's South African
telecom subsidiary Neotel Pty Ltd.

Bharti Airtel has planned to invest Rs 60,000 crore (US$ 8.89 billion) over a period of
three years with a view to boost its telecom network capacity thereby improving the
quality of voice and data services to its customers.

Reliance Communications Ltd, Indias fourth largest mobile services provider, has
agreed to acquire Sistema Shyam TeleServices Ltd (SSTL), the local unit of Russian
company Sistema JSFC, in a deal valued at Rs 4,500 crore (US$ 667.08 million),
which includes payments to the government for spectrum allotted to Sistema.

Videocon Industries Ltd plans to set up a mobile handset assembly plant along with
manufacturing set top boxes in Punjab for an investment of Rs 500 crore (US$ 74
million) over three years.

American Tower Corporation, a New York Stock Exchange-listed mobile


infrastructure firm, has acquired 51 per cent stake in telecom tower company Viom
Networks in a deal worth Rs 7,635 crore (US$ 1.13 billion).

Chinese smartphone maker OnePlus has announced its partnership with Foxconn, a
Taiwanese company, for assembling its phones in Foxconn's factory in Andhra
Pradesh.

Swedish telecom equipment maker Ericsson has announced the introduction of a new
radio system in the Indian market, which will provide the necessary infrastructure
required by mobile companies in order to provide Fifth-Generation (5G) services in
future.

Global telecom equipment makers like Ericsson, Nokia Networks and Huawei are
looking forward to over US$ 1 billion revenue opportunity as mobile phone operators
in India roll out high-speed broadband services on the 4G LTE technology across the
country.

Lenovo Group of China has commenced manufacturing its smartphones in India,


through its contract manufacturer Flexs facility near Chennai, thus becoming the
largest Chinese company to follow Make in India strategy.

Foxconn, the worlds largest contract-manufacturing firm for consumer electronics


and manufacturer for Apple products, has signed a Memorandum of Understanding
(MoU) with Maharashtra state government to invest US$ 5 billion over the next three
years for setting up a manufacturing unit between Mumbai and Pune.

Government Initiatives

The government has fast-tracked reforms in the telecom sector and continues to be proactive
in providing room for growth for telecom companies. Some of the other major initiatives
taken by the government are as follows:

The Government of India has cleared India's biggest spectrum auction across seven
bands, which is expected to generate revenue of Rs 5.66 trillion (US$ 83.9 billion),
expand the bandwidth and the ability of telecom companies to service consumers and
address the problem of call drops.

The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has released a consultation paper
which aims to offer consumers free Internet services within the net neutrality
framework and has proposed three models for free data delivery to customers without
violating the regulations.

The Government of India has liberalised the payment terms for spectrum auctions by
allowing two options of payments to telecom companies for acquiring the right to use
spectrum, which include upfront payment and payment in instalments.

The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) has amended the Unified Licence for
telecom operations which will allow sharing of active telecom infrastructure like
antenna, feeder cable and transmission systems between operators, thereby lowering
the costs of operations and leading to faster rollout of networks.

The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has recommended amendments in


the Unified Licence in order to facilitate interconnection at Internet Protocol (IP) level
among licenced operators.

The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has recommended a PublicPrivate Partnership (PPP) model for BharatNet, the central governments ambitious
project to set up a broadband network in rural India, and has also envisaged central
and state governments to become the main clients in this project.

The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) signed a


Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Department of Telecommunication
(DoT) to develop and implement National Action Plan for Skill Development in
Telecom Sector, with an objective of fulfilling skilled manpower requirement and
providing employment and entrepreneurship opportunities in the sector.

The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has directed the telecom
companies or mobile operators to compensate the consumers in the event of dropped
calls with a view to reduce the increasing number of dropped calls.

With a view to encourage consolidation in the telecom sector, the Government of


India has approved the rules for spectrum trading that will allow telecom companies
to buy and sell rights to unused spectrum among themselves. The Union Cabinet
chaired by the Prime Minister, Mr Narendra Modi, gave its approval to the guidelines

on spectrum sharing, aimed to improve spectral efficiency and quality of service,


based on the recommendations of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).

The Central Governments several initiatives to promote manufacturing in the


country, such as Make in India campaign appears to have had a positive impact on
mobile handsets manufacturing in the country. Companies like Samsung, Micromax
and Spice had been assembling handsets in the country already. Xiaomi and Motorola,
along with Lenovo have also started assembly of smartphones in India. Firms like
HTC, Asus and Gionee too have shown interest in setting up a manufacturing base in
the country.

The Government of India plans to roll out free high-speed wi-fi in 2,500 cities and
towns across the country over the next three years. The program entails an investment
of up to Rs 7,000 crore (US$ 1.04 billion) and will be implemented by state-owned
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL).

Solar Power
Introduction
Power is one of the most critical components of infrastructure crucial for the economic
growth and welfare of nations. The existence and development of adequate infrastructure is
essential for sustained growth of the Indian economy.
Indias power sector is one of the most diversified in the world. Sources of power generation
range from conventional sources such as coal, lignite, natural gas, oil, hydro and nuclear
power to viable non-conventional sources such as wind, solar, and agricultural and domestic
waste. Electricity demand in the country has increased rapidly and is expected to rise further
in the years to come. In order to meet the increasing demand for electricity in the country,
massive addition to the installed generating capacity is required.
India ranks third, just behind US and China, among 40 countries# with renewable energy
focus, on back of strong focus by the government on promoting renewable energy and
implementation of projects in a time bound manner.
Market Size
Indian power sector is undergoing a significant change that has redefined the industry
outlook. Sustained economic growth continues to drive electricity demand in India. The
Government of Indias focus on attaining Power for all has accelerated capacity addition in
the country. At the same time, the competitive intensity is increasing at both the market and
supply sides (fuel, logistics, finances, and manpower).
Total capacity of renewable energy plants in India stood at 42,850 megawatts as on April 30,
2016, thereby surpassing the 42,783 megawatts capacity of large hydroelectricity projects in
the country.$ Cumulative solar installations in India crossed the 7.5 gigawatt (GW) mark in
May 2016, about 2.2 GW more than all of the solar installations in 2015.%

The Planning Commissions 12th Five-Year Plan estimates total domestic energy production
to reach 669.6 Million Tonnes of Oil Equivalent (MTOE) by 201617 and 844 MTOE by
202122. As of January 2016, total thermal installed capacity stood at 200.74 Gigawatt
(GW), while hydro (renewable) energy installed capacity totaled 42.66 GW. At 5.78 GW,
nuclear energy capacity remained broadly constant compared with the previous year.India's
rooftop solar capacity addition grew 66 per cent from last year to reach 525 Mega Watts
(MW), and has the potential to grow up to 6.5 Giga watts (GW)!. Indias wind power
capacity, installed in FY2016, is estimated to increase 20 per cent over last year to 2,800
Mega Watt (MW)@, led by favourable policy support that has encouraged both independent
power producers (IPP) and non-IPPs. India is expected to add nearly 4,000 Megawatts
(MW)## of solar power in 2016, nearly twice the addition of 2,133 MW in 2015.
Indias wind energy market is expected to attract investments totaling Rs 1,00,000 crore (US$
14.82 billion) by 2020, and wind power capacity is estimated to almost double by 2020 from
over 23,000 MW in June 2015, with an addition of about 4,000 MW per annum in the next
five years.
Investment Scenario
Around 293 global and domestic companies have committed to generate 266 GW of solar,
wind, mini-hydel and biomass-based power in India over the next 510 years. The initiative
would entail an investment of about US$ 310350 billion.
Between April 2000 and March 2016, the industry attracted US$ 10.48 billion in Foreign
Direct Investment (FDI).
Some major investments and developments in the Indian power sector are as follows:

The State Bank of India (SBI) has signed an agreement with The World Bank for Rs
4,200 crore (US$ 625 million) credit facility, aimed at financing Grid Connected
Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic (GRPV) projects in India.

The World Bank Group has committed to provide US$ 1 billion for Indias solar
energy projects and plans to work with other multilateral development banks and
financial institutions to develop financing instruments to support future solar energy
development in the country.

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has signed an agreement with
Germany-based KfW Development Bank to fund the Rs 300 crore (US$ 44.47
million) floating solar projects in Maharashtra and Kerala, which is expected to
generate over 310 GW of green energy.

CLP India, one of the largest foreign investors in Indias power sector, has acquired a
49 per cent stake in SE Solar, a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) set-up by Suzlon
Group for building a 100 MW solar energy plant at Veltoor in Telangana, for Rs 73.5
crore (US$ 10.9 million).

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) plans to launch an integrated
bio energy mission with an investment of Rs 10,000 crore (US$ 1.48 billion) from FY
2017-18 to FY 2021-22, aimed at enhancing the use of bio-fuels like ethanol and
biogas and reducing consumption of fossil fuels.

The worlds largest single rooftop solar power plant of 11.5 MW capacity spread
across 42 acres was inaugurated in Beas Dera campus in Amritsar, which is expected
to generate power for approximately 8,000 homes.

Canada's second largest pension fund, Caisse de depot et placement du Quebec


(CDPQ), has set up its office in India and committed to invest US$ 150 million in the
Indian renewable energy sector over the next three to four years.

Suzlon Energy Ltd, one of Indias leading wind turbine maker, plans to set up 3,000
Mega Watt (MW) power generation units of solar, wind and hybrid sources in
Telangana, with an investment of Rs 1,200 crore (US$ 178 million).

India Power Corporation, one of the power generation companies in India, plans to
expand its thermal power capacity by acquiring stake in Meenakshi Energy from
French major Engie which has 89.11 per cent stake in the target company.

Sembcorp Industries have launched a 2,640 Mega Watt (MW) SembcorpGayatri


power complex worth US$ 3 billion in Nellore, Andhra Pradesh which is the largest
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)driven project on a single site in the thermal power
industry in India.

Ostro Energy Private Limited, a renewable energy platform backed by private equity
(PE) firm Actis, plans to invest US$ 425 million in projects in Andhra Pradesh,
including two wind farms with a total capacity of 197.4 Mega Watt (MW).

SunEdison, worlds largest renewable energy company, plans to continue its focus on
Make in India by further reducing the cost of renewable energy and developing over
15 gigawatts (GW) of wind and solar projects in the country by 2022.

ThyssenKrupp India, the Indian arm of the German engineering conglomerate, plans
to make high-grade environment-friendly boilers which use less fuel, for the Indian
power sector by collaborating with a foreign company.

Aditya Birla Group has announced a partnership with the Abraaj Group, a leading
investor in global growth markets, to build a large-scale renewable energy platform
that will develop utility-scale solar power plants in India.

Sterlite Grid, Indias largest private operator of transmission systems, is joining hands
with US major Burn & McDonnell for its Rs 3,000 crore (US$ 444.72 million)
power transmission project in the Kashmir valley.

Inox Wind Ltd, a subsidiary of Gujarat Fluorochemicals, a wind energy solutions


provider, plans to double its manufacturing capacity to 1,600 MW at a total
investment of Rs 200 crore (US$ 29.65 million) by the end of the next financial year.

The Dilip Shanghvi family, founders of Sun Pharma, acquired 23 per cent stake in
Suzlon Energy, with a preferential issue of fresh equity for Rs 1,800 crore (US$
266.83 million).

Reliance Power Ltd signed an accord with the Government of Rajasthan for
developing 6,000 MW of solar power projects in the state over the next 10 years.

Hilliard Energy plans to invest Rs 3,600 crore (US$ 533.66 million) in Ananthapur
district of Andhra Pradesh in the solar and wind power sector for the generation of
650 MW of power.

Solar technology provider SunEdison signed a definitive agreement to acquire


Continuum Wind Energy, Singapore, with assets in India. The company,
headquartered in Belmont, California, would take over 242 MW of operating wind
assets that Continuum owns and operates in Maharashtra and Gujarat as well as 170
MW of assets under construction.

Japanese internet and telecommunications giant SoftBank, along with Bharti


Enterprises (of Sunil Mittal) and Taiwanese manufacturing giant Foxconn, plan to
invest US$ 20 billion in solar energy projects in India.

Government Initiatives
The Government of India has identified power sector as a key sector of focus so as to
promote sustained industrial growth. Some initiatives by the Government of India to boost
the Indian power sector:

The Government of India plans to set up a trading platform for clean energy, which
will be jointly developed by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)
and Power Trading Corporation of India (PTC), to help states buy, sell and trade
renewable-based power.

The Government of India and the Government of the United Kingdom have signed an
agreement to work together in the fields of Solar Energy and Nano Material Research,
which is expected to yield high quality and high impact research outputs having
industrial relevance, targeted towards addressing societal needs.

Mr Piyush Goyal, Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Power, Coal, New and
Renewable Energy, has stated that the Government of India has set a target to electrify
all un-electrified villages in the country by the end of 2016.

The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas is seeking to enhance India's crude oil
refining capacity through 2040 by setting up a high-level panel, which will work
towards aligning India's energy portfolio with changing trends and transition towards
cleaner sources of energy generation.

The Government of India plans to start as many as 10,000 solar, wind and biomass
power projects in next five years, with an average capacity of 50 kilowatt per project,
thereby adding 500 megawatt to the total installed capacity.

Mr Piyush Goyal, Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Power, Coal and New &
Renewable Energy outlined Government of Indias goal to provide electricity to every
home in India by 2020, while also focussing on ensuring the cost of power is
affordable to everyone.

Government of India has asked states to prepare action plans with year-wise targets to
introduce renewable energy technologies and install solar rooftop panels so that the
states complement government's works to achieve 175 Gigawatts of renewable power
by 2022.

Under the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojna (DDUGJY), the Government of
India has electrified 258 villages across the country between February 15, 2016 and
February 21, 2016 and has decided to electrify remaining 18,452 unelectrified villages
by May 01, 2018.

The Government of India plans to sell another 5 per cent stake in the country's largest
power producer National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), at a floor price of Rs
122 (US$ 1.78) per share, which will help the government raise over Rs 5,000 crore
(US$ 733.6 million), thereby helping to raise funds as part of the divestment plan.

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has outlined new guidelines
which allow state government to use its unproductive and non-agricultural land for
solar parks, thereby minimising the use of private land and reducing the problems
faced and costs incurred for land acquisition for solar park projects.

The Government of India plans to auction large sized hydropower projects, similar to
the auction of Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPPs) for thermal power plants of
capacity 4,000 megawatt (MW) in Sasan in Madhya Pradesh and Mundra in Gujarat,
which have been setup in a cost effective manner.

The Union Cabinet has approved amendments to the new power tariff policy under
the Electricity Act that aims to improve regulations for setting rates, promote clean
energy and ensure uninterrupted supply to all consumers by FY 2021-22.

The Union Cabinet has approved the Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojna (UDAY) for
financial turnaround and revival of power distribution companies (DISCOMs), which
will ensure accessible, affordable and available power for all.

The Government of India has resolved the issues regarding transfer of mining leases
and grant of forest clearances to the winning bidders of coal blocks. It expects
operations to start in about 10 more mines by March 2016, easing coal availability to
the projects attached to these mines.

The Ministry of Power has planned to provide electricity to 18,500 villages in three
years under the Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DUGJY). Out of these,
3,500 villages would receive electricity through off-grid or renewable energy
solutions.

The Ministry of New & Renewable Energy is implementing two national level
programmes, namely Grid Connected Rooftop & Small Solar Power Plants
Programme and Off-Grid & Decentralised Solar Applications, in order to promote
installation of solar rooftop systems, as per Mr Piyush Goyal, Minister of State
(Independent Charge) for Power, Coal & New and Renewable Energy.

The Government of Odisha plans to set up a large 1,000-MW solar power park under
public-private partnership (PPP) mode involving an investment of about Rs 6,500
crore (US$ 953.67 billion).

The Government of Telangana plans to set up an incubator centre, in collaboration


with University of Austin, Texas, for start-ups in the renewable energy sector, to
support new companies entering the renewable energy market.

A Joint Indo-US PACE Setter Fund has been established, with a contribution of US$ 4
million from each side to enhance clean energy cooperation.

The Government of India announced a massive renewable power production target of


175,000 MW by 2022; this comprises generation of 100,000 MW from solar power,
60,000 MW from wind energy, 10,000 MW from biomass, and 5,000 MW from small
hydro power projects.

The Union Cabinet of India approved 15,000 MW of grid-connected solar power


projects of National Thermal Power Corp Ltd (NTPC).

About Digital Bharat


We are catering the problems faced by all the panchayat offices of India. Like,
our panchayat system is facing a digitalization problem which includes lack of
internet connectivity & electricity-issues.
Why Rural India?
According to the World Bank, 60% of the population of our country resides in the villages
and lower sub-urban areas. Also, of those, around 35% are young and resourceful. This can
open up many gates of opportunity not only for business but also for the upliftment and
betterment of the society.

Low literacy level in rural areas-

Lack of teachers and quality education in rural areas as most of the people are shifting
towards urban areas. Secondly, the people in rural areas are unaware of value
education. Maximum people in rural areas are farmers and they take their children as
helping hands in the farm. Due to lack of infrastructure there are no services provided
in education sector.
With the help of college students we can take initiative to start a weekend or an
evening batch for the children living in rural areas. With the help of NGOs and
college social welfare committees we can provide books and stationary. We can also
motivate the parents to send their children to panchayats and also teach them the value
of proper education. They can also tie-up with some NGOs to provide the children
with proper hygienic Mid-day meal.

Unavailability of power supplyThere are still many parts in India which are remain uncovered with electricity.
Especially, rural areas of India are suffering from these issues where the electricity
problem ranges from morning till the dawn of evening. Due to unavailability of power
supply problems like water generation & it affects the overall productivity of the
country. Thus, this is a serious problem which needs to be resolved in the coming
eras.

Lack of digitalisationAs todays era is moving towards digital world there are many places which
lack basic
eminities such as mobile network and internet connectivity.We
will first target the
places where there is poor connectivity of
mobile network, we will tie up with the
companies and create an
open network, we will provide sim cards at free of cost to below poverty line
people and would also launch our plans at subsidised rate, in urban area to
promote digital India we would tie up with different panchayats and convert it
to smart classes, under smart classes we will provide digital classrooms with
facilities
such as projector, and certain softwares in which teacher can
project their screens to
the students tablet or smart phones,our software
would also inform the parents about the grades of the students and their
attendance, we would also give the parents a
platform where
they can interact with the teacher over the internet.

Infrastructure problemsDue to lack of well equipped infrastructure in India there occurs a transportation
problems, dams & bridges under construction causes accidental problems in some
areas which causes loss of lives 7 destructions. India lacks regulatory framework for
infrastructure several projects over run cost & time because of the central government
policies like land acquisition, environmental clearances, financial approvals.
solutions: we need to set up independent regulatory body like SEBI for
infrastructure( to protect the investors from various risk.)

Vision
Our Vision is to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.

Digital Infrastructure as a Core Utility to Every Citizen

Digital Empowerment of Citizens

Mission
Initially we will tie-up with the Indian Government and will do auditing for the all
panchayats in the country. We will audit regarding what are the policies & facilities which is
being provided to these panchayats and how these panchayats are being benefitted by it.
Where panchayats are lacking to get these policies and what is the current scenario of the
government panchayats. Then we will provide solar electricity and internet connectivity. And
along with that we will target panchs and teach them the benefit of digitalization.
So here basically we will target the one state and will work under that only. According to our
plan we will target the Uttar Pradesh and we will select one district and within that district we
will initially select five villages and for next six months we will work upon. Then after
completion of first six months, we will select next five villages and so on. Just like this we
will complete one district and then one whole state and after that will move further towards
another state.

Product / Service Offered


Internet Connection
Internet access is the process that enables individuals and organisations to connect to
the Internet using computer terminals, computers, mobile devices, sometimes via computer

networks. Once connected to the Internet, users can access Internet services, such
as email and the World Wide Web. Internet service providers (ISPs) offer Internet access
through various technologies that offer a wide range of data signaling rates (speeds).
Consumer use of the Internet first became popular through dial-up Internet access in the
1990s. By the first decade of the 21st century, many consumers in developed nations used
faster, broadband Internet access technologies. By 2014 this was almost ubiquitous
worldwide, with a global average connection speed exceeding 4 Mbit/s.
Solar Electricity
Solar power is the conversion of sunlight into electricity, either directly
using photovoltaics (PV), or indirectly using concentrated solar power. Concentrated solar
power systems (Unified Solar) use lenses or mirrors and tracking systems to focus a large
area of sunlight into a small beam. Photovoltaics convert light into an electric current using
the photovoltaic effect. The International Energy Agency projected in 2014 that under its
"high renewables" scenario, by 2050, solar photovoltaics and concentrated solar power would
contribute about 16 and 11 percent, respectively, of the worldwide electricity consumption,
and solar would be the world's largest source of electricity. Most solar installations would be
in China and India.
Photovoltaics were initially solely used as a source of electricity for small and medium-sized
applications, from the calculator powered by a single solar cell to remote homes powered by
an off-grid rooftop PV system. As the cost of solar electricity has fallen, the number of gridconnected solar PV systems has grown into the millions and utility-scale solar power
stations with hundreds of megawatts are being built. Solar PV is rapidly becoming an
inexpensive, low-carbon technology to harness renewable energy from the Sun.

USP (Unique Selling Proposition)

Our USP is our unique offerings to the villagers.


As here we have a tie-up with the Indian government, so there are so many services which we
are offerings at free of cost.

We are charging only Rs.250 from the panchayats for the internet connectivity which
is a very nominal fee in comparison to any other services.
We are charging only Rs.2.5/unit for solar electricity , we have very nominal fee
which is easily affordable by the rural people.
By the help of our program all the panchayats would be interconnected and would be
directly linked with the DMs office of the nearest city so that the problem of the
village can be directly reached to the concerned authority and necessary action could
be taken within less time.

Overall Market Analysis


The term rural development, in its broad aspect connotes overall development of rural
areas to improve the quality of life of rural people. In this sense, it is a comprehensive and
multidimensional concept, which includes the development of agriculture related
activities, village and cottage industries and crafts, socio-economic infrastructure,
community services and facilities and, above all, human resources in rural areas. As a
phenomenon, rural development is the result of interactions between factors of development
like physical, technological, economic, social, cultural and institutional factors. Rural
development as a strategy is designed to improve the economic and social well-being rural
people. As a discipline, it is multi-disciplinary in nature, and represents a combination of
agriculture, social, behavioral, engineering and management Sciences.

Socio-Economic Impact
Over the years, as the Indian industry started maturing, the Indian renewable power source
industry also started expanding, not only in terms of size, but also in terms of the service
offerings. This industry industry has witnessed a considerable increase in the number of new
comers in this field exploring all the industries. Over the period, specialist consulting advice
was being sought by clients in India and this opened the opportunity for a number of
specialist organizations to draw on their specialist knowledge base and resources to meet the
demand for specialist in this industry.
India has been globally recognized for its fast paced development. The service sector has
been growing at a fast pace and now contributes more than 50% to the GDP. Thus in the
scenario, fueled by increased demand for renewable sources by domestic and foreign firms,
the sector in India is projected to grow at an annual rate of 30 per cent to become 27,000
crore industry.

Competitors Analysis
Since solar power energy is expensive to install the competition in India is
very less being the untapped market in rural area there is no specific
competition.
In the coming future the main competitor to us would be Tesla Powerwall.

Development Plan
Stages of Development
Our company plans to gradually expand its operations in the state of Uttar Pradesh. For this
all 75 districts are divided into 5 parts where services will be operational as per the below
mentioned development plan year wise.
Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year5

Lucknow

Allahabad

Gorakhpur

Moradabad

Saharanpur

Aligarh

Kanpur

Varanasi

Ballia

Bareilly

Meerut

Etah

Amethi

Mirzapur

Deoria

Shahjahanpur

Ghaziabad

Etawah

Unnao

Sonbhadra

Rampur

Noida

Hapur

Fatehpur

Azamgarh

Faizabad

Ghazipur

Basti
Ambedkar
Nagar
Sant Kabir
Nagar

Sitapur

Pratapgarh

Hardoi

Badaun

Amroha

Hathras

Bijnour

Baghpat

Kannauj

Gonda

Jhansi

Shamli

Mainpuri

Banda

Maharajganj

Lalitpur

Muzzafarnagar

Agra

Barabanki

Sultanpur

Auraiya

Pilibhit

Mathura

Kheri
Ambedkar
Nagar

Mau

Jaunpur

Jalaun

Farrukhabad

Chitrakoot

Kasganj

Hamirpur

Bulandsahar

Raibareilly

Chandauli

Shravasti

Auraiya

Firozabad

Kaushambi
Sant Ravidas
Nagar

Bahraich

Bijnor

Balrampur
Sant Kabir
Nagar

Sambhal

Resources
Physical: Minimal (A small back office for managing operations in the beginning). Later, in
the expansion phase zonal/nodal offices can be operational based on requirement and volume
of business.

H.R.: Audit team, Back office team, Marketing & Promotion team, Skill development team.
Financial: Capital invested in partnership.

Cost of Development
Development:

Awareness Campaign
Land (Back Office)
Software
Infrastructure (set-up, electronics etc.)

Recurring:

Salary
Promotion
Office expense
IT Support
Maintenance cost
Misc. expense

Organization Plan

Manpower Planning

In the initial phase only few external hiring will be done to support the owners for the
purpose of operation.

After first 6 months of operation, expansion will be done in other parts of Uttar
Pradesh and accordingly manpower will be hired based on different stages of business

development.
The manpower hired will be Sales & Marketing Executives, Functional Consultants,
and Technical Consultants etc.
It will also depend on the volume of business in different zones/nodal offices after
expansion of operations.

Benefits / Compensation

It will be based on the skill set of the employees along with the location/territory of

work.
As we will be working in rural area so salary expenses is expected to be less as

compared to cities.
Provident fund and medical insurance for the employees will be done.
Travelling allowances will be given to the employees as they will have to travel a lot

in the rural area.


Mobile reimbursement will be given if required.

Legal & Regulatory Obligations

Registration of company.
Obtain a Permanent Account Number (PAN) from an authorized franchise or agent
appointed by the National Securities Depository Ltd. (NSDL) or the Unit Trust of

India (UTI) Investors Services Ltd., as outsourced by the Income Tax Department
Obtain a Tax Account Number (TAN) for income taxes deducted at source from the

Assessing Office in the Mumbai Income Tax Department


Register for Profession Tax at the Profession Tax Office.
Register with Employees Provident Fund Organization.
Register for medical insurance at the regional office of the Employees State
Insurance Corporation.

Key Personnel