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What Is Obesity

People nowadays likes to eat unhealthy food


excessively such as burgers,pizzas,fried chicken and much more
without thinking the risk that they have to bear in the future.This
habits may lead them to become obesity but obesity also can exist
because of genetic factors.First and foremost,what is obesity?
According to the dictionary,obesity is a medical condition in which
excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a
negative effect on health. People are generally considered obese
when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by
dividing a person's weight by the square of the person's height, is
over 30 kg/m2, with the range 2530 kg/m2 defined as
overweight. BMI is closely related to both percentage body fat and
total body fat.Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination
of excessive food intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic
susceptibility.A few cases are caused primarily by genes,
endocrine disorders, medications, or mental illness. Evidence to
support the view that obese people eat little yet gain weight due
to a slow metabolism is not generally supported. On average,
obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their thin
counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased
body mass. Like many other medical conditions, obesity is the
result of an interplay between genetic and environmental factors.
During human evolution, people are prone to obesity due to some
problems.(wikipedia 2014)
Next , childhood and adult obesity also become increasing
worldwide nowadays. Levels of childhood obesity are increasing
at alarming rates in many countries .Prevalence of childhood
obesity is very high.Childhood obesity is a long term condition
with associated co-morbidities,many of which are not always
readily identifiable.Thus,the children will suffer from
endocrinological,orthopaedic and psychological.Future health
risks loom and a significant risk cardiovascular disease,metabolic
disease and cancer seems to be non-ignorable in adulthood.For
adult obesity,nationally nearly 38 percent of adults are
obese.Nearly 8 percent of adults are extreamly obese.Nearly 33
percent of adults who did not graduate high school werw obese
compared with 21.5 percent of those who graduated from college.

Lastly,annual medical spending attribute to obesity.in 1998 the


medical costs of obesity were estimated to be as high as78.5
Billion pounds with roughly half financed by Medicare and
medicaid.For data,analysis relies on data from 1998 and 2006
Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys (MEPS).MEPS is a nationally
repesentative survey of the civilian nonistitutionalized population
that quantifies a persons total annual medicare spending by type
of service and source of payment .These results reveal that
obesity continious to impose an economic burden on both public
and private payers.In conclusion, rate of obesity increase every
year.(Eric A.Finkelstein ,Justin G. Trogdon and William Dietz,1998)
References
1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obesity
2. http://easo.org/education-portal/obesity-facts-figures/
3. http://content.healthaffairs.org/search?author1=Justin+G.
+Trogdon&sortspec=date&submit=Submit