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ANALYSIS OF CYLINDRICAL SHELL STRUCTURE WITH VARYING PARAMETERS.pdf

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PARAMETERS

1

PG student, Department of Civil Engineering, Late G. N. Sapkal College of Engineering, Anjaneri Nashik-422413,

Affiliated to Pune University, India.

2

Professor & Head, Department of Civil Engineering, Late G. N. Sapkal College of Engineering, Anjaneri Nashik-

422413, Affiliated to Pune University, India.

Abstract

The shell structures are composed of a thin shell made of reinforced concrete without the use of internal columns giving an open

interior. Most common shells used in industry are flat plates and domes but different shapes like cylindrical, parabolic or

spherical section may also used. Sports or storage facilities buildings are common concrete shell structures. However, they can be

difficult to design, as the exact shape required for stability of structure depends on the material used, the size of the shell, exterior

or interior loading, and other oblique. So by varying the parameter of the shell, behaviour of the shell is also varying. Main goal

of this paper is parametric analysis of the multiple cylindrical shell structures with different lengths. For analysis we took two

different lengths of cylindrical shell and then, two parameters have been change first one is radius and second is thickness, on the

basis of different radius and thickness for same chord width, length, and material of shell we will compare the behaviour of shell

for different models.

--------------------------------------------------------------------***------------------------------------------------------------------

1. INTRODUCTION the tables of manual no. 31. But practically it will not

possible always to plan shells according to manual no. 31.

The reinforced concrete shells can be defined as curved So that we will analyses the multiple cylindrical shell for

shape slabs whose thickness is very small compared to their different parameters by using computer analysis program

other dimensions. The curved structures resisted more SAP. By varying the parameters of the shell, behavior of

applied forces than flat plate with less deformation and the shell is also varying. To know the behavior of the shell,

stresses. Also shell structure are much efficient than other we will take two different dimensions of models whose

structure having the same span and dimensions because length to width ratio is 3. In those models two parameters

there shapes have a high strength to weight ratio. There are have been change; first one is radius and second is

a different type of shell depend upon their size, shape, type thickness. After analysis we will compare the behavior of

of load, material used etc. Due to this large variation, many the shells for different dimensions models.

practical difficulties were occurring. To solve these

difficulties many researchers introduced their theory for

2. METHODS OF ANALYSIS

design of shell. The common type of shell used in field is

cylindrical reinforced concrete shell to cover large space. A thin elastic shell resists the external load by developing

Generally long shells and short shells are the two different direct forces and bending moments. For a given geometry of

form of cylindrical shell. Normally long shells are used for shell under some appropriate loading and support

roof factories and short shells for aircraft hangers. conditions, it is possible that they can be safety neglected. In

such a case, the shell will resist the external forces through

In this paper we use thin reinforced concrete long direct or membrane forces. The shell is then said to be under

cylindrical shell for analysis. Membrane analysis of circular a membrane state of stress. The membrane theory is much

cylindrical shells is very easy. For bending analysis of these simpler as compared to the bending theory, since in this

shells, various researchers have presented different methods theory, the membrane forces can be directly determined

and equations. And these equations are very useful for from equilibrium. Because of its simplicity, the membrane

deriving computer based solutions. The ASCE, manual 31 theory is often used as a reasonable basis for design. The

on design of concrete shell roofs method presents a method membrane analysis would give forces along the longitudinal

similar to that we are familiar with and use for elementary edges, which cannot be normally attained in practice by

analysis of indeterminate structure in theory of structures. It providing a suitable support. Any corrective force or

will give us a good idea of the nature of the forces in these displacement applied along these edges, so as to satisfy the

shells so that when we use the modern computer software, actual support condition, would lead to bending of the shell.

we can have a better awareness of the output. But the Hence, most of the cylindrical shell roof structures have to

ASCE manual 31 tables are restricted to be used for limited be analysed considering bending, to get a more realistic

shell dimensions only. Due to these restrictions we should picture of force distribution in the shell.

always plan shells in such a way that their dimensions suit

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Volume: 04 Issue: 05 | May-2015, Available @ http://www.ijret.org 141

IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308

TYPE B

For analysis, following dimensions are considered which is Span in Span in Angle

tabulated in tables. Properties and dimensions of multiple Mode X Y in Radiu Thicknes

cylindrical shells which are same for all models are shown

l directio directio degre s s

in table 1. n n e

B11 40 13.33 35 11.62 0.070

Table 1: Structural Properties and Dimensions of all Models

B22 40 13.33 35 11.62 0.075

Live load 0.60 KN/m2

B33 40 13.33 35 11.62 0.080

Grade of Concrete M-25

B44 40 13.33 35 11.62 0.100

Type of Steel HYSD bars

Column Height 5.0 m

From table 2 and table 3, type A and type A models have

Column Size 1.0 m X 0.5 m same thickness with different radius of different lengths.

Column Support And similarly from table 4 and table 5, type B and type B

Fixed

condition models have same radius with different thicknesses of

Beam Size 1.8 m x 0.3m different lengths.

Number of bay 3 bay

4. ANALYSIS RESULT

Different parameters of multiple cylindrical shell models of

type A, type A, type B and type B are tabulated in table 2, The main objective of this study is comparing the

table 3, table 4 and table 5 respectively. parametric analysis of multiple cylindrical shell structure

with different lengths using analysis software SAP 2000.

Table 2: Parameters of Type A models The linear static analysis is used because we consider only

TYPE A dead and live load on a multiple cylindrical shell. Stresses,

Span in Span in Angle Moment developed per unit lengths and Forces acting per

Mod X Y in Radiu Thickn unit length on the surface of shells are obtained from

el directio directio degre s ess analysis by varying thickness and radius for different

n n e lengths.

A1 30 10 30 10 0.075 For comparison of multiple cylindrical shells, we will

A2 30 10 35 8.71 0.075 separate models in two different conditions.

1. Taking models having same thickness with

A3 30 10 40 7.77 0.075

different radius and

A4 30 10 45 7.07 0.075

2. Taking models having same radius with different

thickness for maximum moment, maximum forces and

Table 3: Parameters of Type A models

maximum stresses which are presented below.

TYPE A

Span in Span in

Angle 4.1 Maximum Element Moments

Mod X Y Radiu Thickn

in

el directio directio s ess Figure 1 shows moment variation diagram and blue color

degree

n n indicates the portion of maximum moment on the surface of

A11 40 13.33 30 13.33 0.075 shell.

A22 40 13.33 35 11.62 0.075

A33 40 13.33 40 10.37 0.075

A44 40 13.33 45 9.425 0.075

TYPE B

Span in Span in

Angle

Mod X Y Radiu Thickn

in

el directio directio s ess

degree

n n

B1 30 10 35 8.71 0.070 Fig 1: Moment variation diagram

B2 30 10 35 8.71 0.075

B3 30 10 35 8.71 0.080

4.1.1 Take Models Having Same Thickness with

B4 30 10 35 8.71 0.100

Different Radius

4.1.1.1 Type A and Type A Models

Maximum moment value for type A and type A are

tabulated in table 6 and shown in figure 2.

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Volume: 04 Issue: 05 | May-2015, Available @ http://www.ijret.org 142

IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308

SAME THICKNESS WITH DIFFERENT RADIUS Max. Moments of Type B & Type B' Models

MAX. MAX.

MODEL MOMENT MODEL MOMENT

IN KNm/m IN KNm/m 26.5

A1 8 A11 12 22.5

A3 7 A33 16.5 14.5

Model B

A4 8.8 A44 12 10.5

Model B'

6.5

70 80 90 100

Max. Moments of Type A & TypeA' Models

Thickness of shell in milimeter

16.5

Max. Moments in KNm/m

14.5

Fig 3: Comparison of Max. Moments for Type B Models &

12.5

Type B Models

10.5 Model A

Model A'

4.2 Maximum Element Forces

8.5

Figure 4 shows force variation diagram and blue color

6.5 indicates the portion of maximum forces on the surface of

30 35 40 45 shell.

Semi Central Angle

Type A Models

Different Thickness

4.1.2.1 Type B and Type B Models

Maximum moment value for type B and type B are

Fig 4: Force variation diagram

tabulated in table 7 and shown in figure 3

Table 7: Max. Moment value for Type B and Type B 4.2.1 Take Models Having Same Thickness with

SAME RADIUS WITH DIFFERENT THICKNESS Different Radius

MAX. MAX. 4.2.1.1 Type A and Type A Models

MODEL MOMENT MODEL MOMENT

IN KNm/m IN KNm/m Maximum force value for type A and type A are tabulated

B1 6.5 B11 12.1 in table 8 and shown in figure 5.

B2 7.5 B22 14.3 Table 8: Max. Forces value for Type A and Type A

B3 8.5 B33 13 SAME THICKNESS WITH DIFFERENT

RADIUS

B4 13.5 B44 24

MAX. MAX.

MODEL FORCE MODEL FORCE

IN KN/m IN KN/m

A1 187 A11 350

A2 176 A22 350

A3 176 A33 300

A4 165 A44 234

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Volume: 04 Issue: 05 | May-2015, Available @ http://www.ijret.org 143

IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308

Max. Forces of Type A & Type A' Models

Figure 7 shows stress variation diagram and blue color

360

indicates the portion of maximum stresses on the surface of

shell.

Max. Forces in KNm/m

320

280

240 Model A

Model A'

200

160

30 35 40 45

Fig 7: Stress variation diagram

Fig 5: Comparison of Max. Forces for Type A Models &

Type A Models

4.3.1 Take Models Having Same Thickness with

Different Radius

4.2.2 Take Models Having Same Radius with

4.3.1.1 Type A and Type A Models

Different Thickness

Maximum stresses value for type A and type A are

4.2.2.1 Type B and Type B Models tabulated in table 10 and shown in figure 8.

Maximum force value for type B and type B are tabulated

Table 10: Max. Stresses value for Type A and Type A

in table 9 and shown in figure 6.

SAME THICKNESS WITH DIFFERENT

RADIUS

Table 9: Max. Forces value for Type B and Type B

MAX. MAX.

SAME RADIUS WITH DIFFERENT THICKNESS

MODEL STRESSES MODEL STRESSES

MAX. MAX. IN KN/m2 IN KN/m2

MODEL FORCE IN MODEL FORCE IN

KN/m KN/m A1 13120 A11 18120

B1 176 B11 300 A2 14320 A22 19842

B2 176 B22 350 A3 11023 A33 17385

B3 198 B33 350

A4 11080 A44 22120

B4 275 B44 550

Max. Forces of Type B & Type B' Models

22000

560

20000

Max. Stresses in KNm/m

510

Max. Forces in KNm/m

460 18000

410

16000

360 Model A

310 Model B 14000

Model A'

Model B'

260 12000

210

10000

160 30 35 40 45

70 75 80 85 90 95 100

Semi Central Angle

Thickness of shell in milimeter

Fig 8: Comparison of Max. Stresses for Type A Models &

Fig 6: Comparison of Max. Forces for Type B Models & Type A Models

Type B Models

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Volume: 04 Issue: 05 | May-2015, Available @ http://www.ijret.org 144

IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308

4.3.2 Take Models Having Same Radius with 2. From figure 9, it is observed that if a type of models

having same radius and different thickness, then the

Different Thickness maximum Stresses value increases with increase in

4.3.2.1 Type B and Type B Models thickness for Type B and Type B models. But certain

reduction is occurred at 80mm thickness due to change in

Maximum stresses value for type B and type B are dimensions of shell in both Type B and Type B models.

tabulated in table 11 and shown in figure 9.

5.3 For Maximum Moments

Table 11: Max. Stresses value for Type B and Type B

SAME RADIUS WITH DIFFERENT THICKNESS 1. From Figure 2, it is observed that if a type of models

having same thickness and different radius, then the

MAX. MAX. maximum moments value decreases with increase in semi

MODEL STRESSES MODEL STRESSES central angle for Type A up to 40 degree and then again

IN KN/m2 IN KN/m2 increased. For Type A Models, maximum moments value

B1 12120 B11 17052 increases with increasing semi central angle up to 40 degree

B2 14320 B22 19850 and then again decrease.

B3 12200 B33 18115

B4 14312 B44 20913 2. From figure 3, it is observed that if a type of models

having same radius and different thickness, then the

maximum moment value increases with increase in

Max. Stresses of Type B & TypeB' Models thickness for Type B and Type B models. But certain

reduction is occurred at 80mm thickness due to change in

21000 dimensions of shell in Type B models.

Max. Stresses in KNm/m

19000

3. The surface of maximum moment formed at the middle

17000 end of the end shell but due to increase in length and width

of shell, the portion of maximum moments for some

15000 Model B models formed at that surface where two shells are joining

Model B' with each other at end. Which means direct forces exerted

13000 by the end of the shell at its supports was not distributed

properly. To overcome this problem, we provided stiffener

11000

beam along the curve edge of a shell. So analysis of

70 75 80 85 90 95 100 multiple cylindrical shell structure with stiffener beam is

Thickness of shell in milimeter carried out.

Fig 9: Comparison of Max. Stresses for Type B Models & 5.4. Analysis of Multiple Cylindrical Shells with

Type B Models Stiffener Beam

are called as Stiffener. Comparison of analysis of multiple

5.1 For Maximum Forces cylindrical shell structure with and without stiffener beam

is shown in figure 10 to figure 12.

1. From Figure 5, it is observed that if a type of models

having same thickness and different radius, then the

maximum forces value decreases with increased in semi 450

393 391

central angle for Type A and Type A models. 400

Max. Forces in KN/m

2. From figure 6, it is observed that if a type of models Without

300 Stiffener

having same radius and different thickness, then the 250 212 213

maximum forces value increases with increase in thickness 188 182

200 With

for Type B and Type B models. But certain reduction is 150 Stiffener

occurred at 80mm thickness due to change in dimensions of 100

shell in Type B models. 50

0

5.2 For Maximum Stresses TYPE A TYPE A' TYPE B TYPE B'

having same thickness and different radius, then the

maximum stresses value decreases with increase in semi

central angle for Type A and Type A models up to 40

Fig 10 Variation of forces due to stiffener beam

degree and then again increased.

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Volume: 04 Issue: 05 | May-2015, Available @ http://www.ijret.org 145

IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308

16 14.6 Theory of Plates and Shells 2d ed., McGraw-Hill

Max. Moments in KNm/m

12 10.3 [4] Dr. Umesh Pendharkar, Ravindra Rai, 2012.

10 Without Computer Aided Analysis of Multiple Cylindrical

7.8 8

8 Stiffener Shell Structure Using Different Parameters.

5.7 (IJERT) Vol. 1 Issue 3, May - 2012 ISSN: 2278-

6 5.1 With

3.6 Stiffener 0181

4

[5] Srinivasan Chandrasekaran1*, S.K.Gupta2, Federico

2 Carannante3,2009. Design aids for fixed support

0 reinforced concrete cylindrical shells under

TYPE A TYPE A' TYPE B TYPE B' uniformly distributed loads. International Journal

Types of Models of Engineering, Science and Technology Vol. 1, No.

1, 2009, pp. 148-171

[6] Varghese P.C.2014. Design of Reinforced Concrete

Shells and Folded Plates First Edition, PHI

Fig 11 Variation of moments due to stiffener beam Learning Private Limited, Delhi.

[7] IS-2210-1988, Criteria for Design of Reinforced

Concrete Shell Structures and Folded Plates, B.I.S.,

25000

New Delhi.

19600 [8] Bandyopadhyay J.N.,1998. Thin Shell Structures

Max. Stresses in KN/m2 /m

20000 18636

Classical and Modern Analysis, New Age

Without

International Publishers, New Delhi.

15000 12620 12500 12680

13500

Stiffener [9] Chandrashekara K.,1986. Analysis of Thin

Concrete Shells, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi.

10000 7625 8125 With [10] Design of Cylindrical Concrete Shell Roof,

Stiffener Manual No. 31, ASCE, New York, 1952

5000

0

TYPE A TYPE A' TYPE B TYPE B'

Types of Models

6. CONCLUSION

From the analysis of multiple cylindrical reinforced

concrete shell structure with varying parameters following

conclusions can be drawn.

1. The behavior of reinforced concrete multiple cylindrical

shell structure whose length to width ratio is three was

different for different dimensional models.

2. Moments and Stresses of cylindrical shell structure are

significant when the semi central angle is 40 degree and

thickness of shell is 80mm.

3. Stiffener beams transferred the tension and moment

created by the shear from the shell on to the support.

4. Hence stiffener beams is an essential part of a multiple

cylindrical reinforced concrete shell structure.

REFERENCES

[1] Chandrasekaran S., Ashutosh Srivastava, Parijat

Naha. 2005. Computational tools for shell

structures Proc. of Intl. conf. on structures and road

transport (START-2005), IIT-Kharagpur, India, pp.

167-175.

[2] Ramaswamy G.S. 1968. Design and construction of

concrete shell roof First Edition, Mc-Graw Hill.

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Volume: 04 Issue: 05 | May-2015, Available @ http://www.ijret.org 146

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