Sea Vegetables environment, with a similar range and balance of

minerals. Sea vegetables concentrate this mineral
By Maine Coast Sea Vegetables matrix. When you eat sea veggies, your cells recog-
nize this natural, harmonious, health giving balance.
Minerals and Trace Elements
What about Sodium?
Sea vegetables provide all 56 minerals and trace
elements required for your body’s physiological Sodium is a major mineral that is essential to human
functions in quantities greatly exceeding those of land health and life. Along with potassium it provides the
plants. Examples: electrolytic “battery” that pumps nutrients in and out
z About 1/3 cup serving of Dulse or Kelp gives up of cells. It also works with potassium to maintain the
to 30% of the RDA of iron, four times the amount proper balance of fluids inside and outside each cell.
in spinach, and more than kidney beans, apricots, The evolutionary assumption is that dietary sodium is
and peas not easily found in the environment; therefore our
bodies are set up to retain scarce and valuable sodium.
z The same size serving of Alaria contains more Sodium’s partner, potassium, was plentiful in the
calcium than ½ cup boiled kale or bok-choy evolutionary diet (found in vegetables, nuts, seeds,
z Magnesium is twice as abundant in Kelp and and fruits) and so we do not retain potassium.
Alaria than in collard greens, and exceeds
walnuts, bananas, potatoes, oatmeal, and even Modern humans run into trouble when our modern
sockeye salmon. “civilized” diet reverses the natural availability of
sodium and potassium—potassium is leached out of
Sea vegetables present these essential nutrients to your processed foods, and sodium is used extravagantly as
body in a chelated and colloidal, optimally balanced a flavor enhancer and preservative. Topsy-turvy!
form so they are bio-available—that is, your body Because this imbalance—and the lack of magnesium
“understands” how to absorb and utilize them. Major and calcium—is implicated in high blood pressure
minerals examples are: disease, and because unnatural, manufactured table
salt is exclusively sodium chloride, sodium has gotten
z Calcium (for skeletal health, healthy heartbeat, a bad rap! Sea vegetables provide bio-available,
nervous system function) essential sodium balanced with potassium (as well as
z Magnesium (activates enzymatic activity, with calcium and magnesium) at relatively low levels
essential for healthy heartbeat) per serving…
z Potassium (naturally prevents high blood pressure,
What about Iodine?
provides cellular energy)
z Sodium (essential for the correct balance of body Dr. Ryan Drum, noted herbalist and sea vegetable
fluids—our internal “ocean”) gatherer, states in Therapeutic Use of Seaweeds
z Iron (as hemoglobin, transports and distributes (Proceedings of the 2001 Pacific Northwest Herbal
oxygen to all your cells) Symposium) Seaweeds, eaten regularly, are the best
natural food sources of biomolecular dietary iodine...
no land plants are reliable sources of dietary iodine.
Trace elements are especially essential to the
countless enzymatic functions constantly occurring in
your body. Examples are: For comparison, you would have to eat about 40 lb. of
fresh vegetables and/or fruits to get as much iodine as
z Chromium (works with insulin to regulate blood you would from one gram of whole leaf kelp.
z Iodine (thyroid health) Iodine is the main component of the hormone
produced by the thyroid gland, which regulates our
z Copper (protects nerve sheaths, builds supple metabolism—thyroid hormone accelerates cellular
arteries, required for iron absorption) reactions, increases oxygen consumption and basal
metabolism, and influences growth and development,
Finally, consider this somewhat poetic image: we energy metabolism, differentiation and protein
evolved from simple unicellular creatures in the briny, synthesis.
mineral laden Mother Ocean. Now, billions of years
later, our “inner ocean”—the saline fluids around and Dr. Linda Rector Page, author and herbalist, writes in
in our cells and organs—recreates the primal birthing Healthy Healing (pg 205): Iodine is essential to life...

Please consult with your health care brain activity. They confirmed the presence of cyanocobalamin (Vit B-12) in dulse. Sea veggies dried. they occur in a favorable ratio of between 1. not all iodine is good for us and the are higher than the browns. and veggies) is So. The real reason essential amino acids (the ones your body can’t for making sure that iodine consumption is at the high produce by itself). and while they are topic. and is thought to help control (dulse. usually found only in is an important element of alertness. A bacteria living in the surrounding seawater or on the high fiber diet is thought to help prevent certain types surface of the plant. while we feel it is likely that low temperature made up of cellulose. Dulse and Laver. disasters [whether from intentional radioactive although the sea vegetables provide less quantity per pollution as the result of armed conflict or terrorism. On generally well balanced and contains all or most of the this subject Ryan Drum further warns. serving… nuclear power plant failures. Not only are they very low in mostly unsaturated fat—1% to 2%—their iodine can Vitamin B-12 shows up in many seaweeds. and nori)… alcoholism. This amino acid naturally enhances from fresh milk. of course. you. lignans. schizophrenia and the craving for sugar. Glutamic acid also In general. apples. use the plants’ especially important for diabetics.” a molecule that looks like Vitamin B-12. using stimulate the thyroid to increase metabolism and burn several different methods of analysis. an investigation by two researchers in Great suggests an optimal ratio of between 2 and 3 to 1). laver. Kelp and Alaria. bio-available organic iodine than red sea vegetables provides energy. and toxic liver and kidney states. how sea veggies could be a rare vegetable source of vitamins. a factor species of bacteria. and a prime deterrent to arterial practitioner if you have any questions about your plaque. or an “analogue. adrenal exhaustion. The fiber in land plants (oats. the basis for topical and air and food-source iodine 131. sea veggies contribute all those minerals. and pectin. (It is well known that various of cancer. As Britain in the 1950’s yielded an important clue as to importantly. Unfortunately. or epiphytes. and trace elements needed for the optimum Vitamin B-12—which is produced by bacteria and utilization of the omega 3’s and 6’s. prostate inflammation.” flavors and tenderizes high protein foods like beans while aiding in their digestion. must decide . But is it really calories. The human thyroid cannot distinguish between life amino acid composition of these sea veggie proteins is sustaining iodine-127 and radioactive iodine-131. Further. Vitamin B-12. The protein content of sea vegetables ranges from 16% to 28%.5 and 2 to 1 (the NIH However. It also helps glucose metabolism. Thus the sea veggies provide end is to insure a full body complement of iodine at all higher quality protein than certain grains and beans times as preventative medicine against the next nuclear that are lacking one or two essential amino acids. but it not able to be utilized by the Brown sea vegetables have been tested for Omega-6 body? Dietitians and nutritionists disagree on this hot and Omega-3 essential fatty acids. minimally processed sea vegetables may be a have their own unique fiber with interesting medicinal source of Vitamin B-12. or industrial contam- ination]. and rapid for yourself. a definitive clinical study has yet to be done… present in only small amounts. prevention of many endocrine deficiency conditions prevalent today. such as breast and uterine fibroids. surface as their substrate). their fiber aids digestion. The red sea vegetables. Iodine is also a key factor in the control and consumption of B-12. particularly synthetic MSG. but Sea Vegetables and Fiber could not find the mechanism by which the plant might be metabolizing the Vit B-12. Sea Veggies and Vitamins Sea Vegetables and Fats Sea vegetables contain significant amounts of Sea Vegetables are good for people who are managing vitamins especially the B vitamins… their weight. Sea Veggies and Protein tumors. brown sea vegetables (kelps) offer more improves mental and nervous system activity. The two Fiber is any substance that remains essentially scientists speculated that it was made perhaps by undigested by the time it reaches the large intestine. A full body load of iodine 127 from seaweeds One of the more important amino acids found (or any source) will tend to allow the body to reject especially in kelp is glutamic acid.

Ph. states that fucoidan (a com- shown to be an important detoxifier for radioactive pound found in brown sea vegetables such as kelp and isotopes and heavy metals. Certain compounds in kombu use of seaweeds reduces the risk of heart disease. Recent scientific research has started to verify this traditional Sea Vegetables and Heart Disease usage. the system can take up and utilize mineral matter to such as breast cancer.. For example. High levels of potassium in the blood gies is being done by Dr. It also interferes with every stage of viral Dulse.. Jane Teas who is affiliated have been proven to help reduce the risk of high blood with the Interdisciplinary Programs and Health at the pressure. Alaria. vegetables and fruits (but less than which he called kelp. Kelp has a body and bond preferentially to the estrogen receptor normalizing action on the thyroid and parathyroid. the best advantage: in particular calcium. and fiber. Eric Powell. more than legumes. 6) claims that activity.. sees it a little differently.D..89.. But every time you eat sea veggies. All seaweeds offer extraordinary levels of Harvard School of Public Health. Kelp. For comparison. Dr. might be a factor in the lower rate of breast cancer found in postmenopausal women in Japan. Sea Vegetables and Cancer Finally. and sodium which all play a part in maintaining the health Dr. Dulse has about 33% indication of our deep biological connection to the sea total fiber. For example. Zakir Romazanov in pinnatifida) have been shown to have anti-mutagenic Neutraceuticals World (Vol. a to heart health. (Vol. . published a paper on a number of well-documented reasons why the consumption of seaweed. postmenopausal women to see if alaria (and other brown seaweeds) supply enough phytoestrogens to Debra Ahern. In fact. N. alginic acid in kelp has been Dr. as much as oat Thus they may have therapeutic and preventative Better function of the parathyroid glands means that value against cancers in which estrogen plays a part.2. particularly Sea Vegetables and Hypertension the kelps.. whole grains. He writes in his book Kelp. Ph. because vegetables. Of course. Teas is now conducting research on 25 and elasticity of the arterial walls. In 1981 she potassium.D. Ryan points out that All human cells you usually eat a larger serving size of oat bran than studied are found to have receptor sites for Fucose.N. Seibin Arasaki in Vegetables from Japanese investigation duplicated a traditional Chinese the Sea also identifies five different studies involving medicinal formula using kelp (Laminaria species) and numerous seaweed species that have shown achieved reduction in size and number of tumors in cholesterol-lowering activity. bladderwrack) Is extremely anti-proliferative against cancer cells. These lignans become phytoestrogens in the Health Giver (distributed by NutriBooks).. cell penetration. As an interesting half insoluble. of sea veggies. Lowering blood pressure is another way of taking care Currently very exciting work with cancer and sea veg. Fucons (sulfated polysaccharides) extracted certain elements in bladderwrack (Fucus vesiculosis) from brown sea veggies—the “kelps”—have been and rockweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) have the shown to inhibit cell growth. you’re getting high quality and very special fiber. has been noted that many sea vegetables contain Ph. Andrew Weil reports in his newsletter that Scientists at the National Cancer Institute are now Sea vegetables have been used for centuries in Japanese investigating the anti-cancer properties of seaweeds… and Chinese medicine for treatment of cancer. R.D. Ryan Drum. successfully treated patients suffering significant amounts of lignans. Dr. Vegetables and Seaweeds. a key be able to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.7). a study in 1995 demonstrated anti- tumor activity in kelp (Ascophyllum and Fucus species) Traditional oriental medicine has long held that the against leukemia P-388. (Laminaria japonica) and wakame (Undaria Recent research sited by Dr. It Back in the late 60’s in England Dr. of the heart. site. natural alternative to estrogen the Journal of the American Dietetic Association replacement therapy. and Seaweed Therapeutics.. from hypertension with Bladderwrack (Fucus sp). reporting her findings in provide an effective.. (from his papers Sea the oat bran. the flaxseed). PHWHS 2001). about one half of which is soluble fiber and one intracellular virion production. It is well known to dietitians that people with low blood potassium levels are more prone to hypertension. which means they may ability to lower blood plasma cholesterol levels. laboratory experiments.D. Dr. you’ll get more fiber per serving from the end-group sugar on fucoidan. and Laver test about 30% total attack: cell attachment. Dr. No. No. iodine.

Ph. antiviral activity.Ahern maintained that seaweed-based seasonings Another very important function of sea vegetables in provide not only high concentrations of potassium but helping our bodies fight radiation poisoning takes also chloride. could reduce the amount of strontium 90 absorbed through the Ryan Drum. radioactive fallout from all nuclear power plants. Skoryna et al.S.” from U. and more are being planned in Western Ireland. They also discovered that Strontium already Zosters. The Russians have (Fucus species) or other highly mucilaginous been seriously researching the use of their kelps from seaweeds with high iodine content to ease their aches Vladivostok. The high chloride content of those seasonings with weapons facilities and past nuclear tests. a radioactive detoxifier. organic Intake. and viral detoxifying qualities of alginates from Kelp. (Steven Schacter. cell penetration. If this is the case. Sea Vegetables and Joint Pain Fighting Radiation with Food. (S. Victorian English Coast Sea Vegetables noticed an increase in sales of flocked to the seaweed baths and immersed them- Kelp and joined with other small producers in sending selves in very hot water filled with Bladderwrack a kelp care package to survivors.D. it will not absorb the radioactive contaminant. Ryan Drum. has been shown to interfere with every stage of viral Even the U.. particularly in tissue heavy metal poisoning is well documented and well wounds. Ryan Drum tells us that retention of potassium. So it serves us And finally. East West Health Books. where radioactive Iodine her study she says. A number of these bathhouses still exist polysaccharide U-Fucoidan. The first studies on fighting specialist. the inflammatory response… Researchers found that alginic acid. Sea Vegetables as an Anti-inflammatory Sea Vegetables and Radioactive/ Heavy Metal Detoxification Traditional uses of sea vegetables particularly in Asia have shown it to provide some therapeutic effect on Sea vegetables’ effectiveness in treating radiation and the inflammatory response. government has done research on the attack: cell attachment. He also believes seaweed can help with knee joint deterioration. Of all the sea vegetables.C. Thus the remarkable kelps can help alleviate past as well as present toxic contamination. Ph. Canada. 1964) water soluble compound found in the brown algae. from a nuclear power plant positive role in hypertension by allowing renal emission) can accumulate. a means of retaining this potassium. a Medical Association Journal 191. potassium.D. one of the important intercellular poly-saccharides found in large Sea Vegetables as an Anti-viral brown algae like Kelp and Alaria. Dr. and sodium are iodine. The intracellular penetration. In place in the thyroid gland. Fucoidan. 1988) Thalassotherapy in European spas and seaweed baths in the British Isles have been traditional methods of After the Chernobyl nuclear disaster in Russia Maine relieving muscle and joint pains. He . “Intestinal indicates several elements in sea veggies that make Absorption of Radioactive Strontium. Kelp is the most associated with lower mean systolic pressure and significant source… lower absolute risk of hypertension. Herbs and Vitamins. an article.” Canadian plausible their traditional use as antivirals.D. according to Ryan Drum. If our thyroid is full with “healthy” iodine. He also notes that certain EPA’s Environmental Toxicology Lab found that polysaccharides or glycoproteins from red seaweeds alginates could bind and eliminate both radionucleides (dulse and laver are red seaweeds) have been such as Strontium 90 and heavy metals such as successfully used in treating genital herpes and Herpes cadmium. herbalist and seaweed specialist. He also notes in the seaweed literature that stored in the bones was re-secreted and bound by the carrageenan derivatives have expressed strong alginates and safely passed through the intestines. herbalist and seaweed known worldwide. Ph. Chloride may play an indirect 131 (for example. seaweed may make them good sources of potassium of clients at risk of hypokalemia (too little potassium). potassium We are regularly taking in radioactive isotopes from sources that provide chloride may be more effective in the total world contamination by continual raising blood plasma levels than fruits and vegetables. “Blood Pressure and Nutrient well to keep our thyroids full of natural.. Science magazine states that higher iodine.S. Sea vegetables are the best food source of intakes of calcium. intestinal wall. asserts that fucoidan is the bio-active radiation poisoning with seaweed were started 30 element in brown seaweed responsible for lessening years ago at McGill University in Montreal. from which they have isolated the and pains.

1984 Sea Vegetables and the Thyroid “The Use Of Alginate In The Prevention And Treatment Of Radio-Strontium Toxicity”. 1981 Expression System In Salmonella Typhimurium (Ta1535/psk1002) And Tumor Promotor-dependent “Anticancer Activity of a Natural Product. pain she was forced to walk with a cane. And Bone health even if fallout levels increase dramatically… Magnesium Contents”. the Univ. Cancer Letters. Journal of Nutrition Science. Vopr-Pitan. Medical Edible Seaweeds On Mutagen-induced Umu Gene Hypotheses. Carcinogenesis In Rats”. Ph. Seasonings”. McGill Univ. Chung-Hua-Liu-Hsing-Ping-Hsueh-Tsa- Marine Brown Algae”. Nippon-Rinsho.D. iodothyronine (T3). Nature. Being Evaluated From Serum thyroid with healthy Iodine. be attributed to fucoidan and the biomolecular iodine Elsevier Scientific Publications. Vol. Drum speculates that her success might 180 Cells Subcutaneously Implanted Into Mice”.Botanica Marina. 1986 compounds that were passing transdermally into her “Dietary Seaweed (Laminaria) And Mammary legs. 1985 her knees daily for almost a year in 16” high rubber boots filled with a bladderwrack suspension “The Effect Of Dietary Or Intraperitoneally Injected (bladderwrack in hot water). McGill Most seaweeds are a good source of Iodine 127. Viva.Nahrung. Ryan Drum.. bladderwrack (Fucus species) provides diiodotyrosine (DIT) which is a precursor to forming the essential “Electrolyte Content Of Salt-Replacement thyroid hormones Thyroxine (T4) and Tri. Okinawa) S. He claims that in providing the 1989 immediate precursors for T4 and T3 Fucus seems particularly effective in treating both hypothyroidism and Graves hyperthyroidism. which in Radiation Control”. 1993 Cultural and Historical Inquiry.seaveg. 1994 . By soaking Oncology. Vitaminol. Kidney Calcification. 1985 “Dietary Factors and Cancer of the Colon and Rectum in a Population Based Case-Control Study in “Analysis of Inorganic and Organic-Bound Arsenic in Shanghai”. Abstracts Another important reason to get plenty of sea “Evaluation Of The Use Of Sea Products In Nutrition vegetables’ Iodine 127 into the thyroid is to prevent Of Population Inhabiting Regions Under Rigid uptake of radioactive and toxic Iodine 131. we can maintain our Magnesium. he reported a complete Seaweed Preparations On The Growth Of Sarcoma- recovery. points out that Algae In Medicine”. Extracted fromUndaria pinnatifida on Intra Fibroblast Cells”. Laminaria japonica (Makonbu) And Undaria Articles/Reprints pinnatifida(Wakame) By The Umu Gene Expression System In Salmonella Typhimurium “Seaweeds and Other Algae”. 1992 (Research Laboratory. Tokyo. 1993 http://www. Food in China: A (Ta1535/psk1002)”. Cancer Research. biomolecular compound the thyroid gland needs for “Application Of Metal-Binding Properties Of Marine proper functioning. Dr. “Identification Of Heterogeneous Antimutagenic Activities In The Extract Of Edible Brown Seaweeds. 193 modern times has a background presence in our food “Bioavailability Of Magnesium Contained In Purple and air supply. Abdussalam “Nutritive Value of Marine Algae Laminaria japonica “Effect of Sodium Alginate in Inhibiting Uptake of and Undaria pinnatifida. Chapter 6 “Dietary Treatment of Patients with Irritable Bowel “Drugs from Seaweeds”. 1995 Radiostrontium by the Human Body”. Medical Hypotheses Syndrome”. Ornithine Decarboxylase Induction In Balb/c 3T3 Natural.. By “loading” the Magnesium. Mutat-Res. 1983 Chih. Journal of the American Dietetic Assoc. and which is likely to be a major Laver (Asakusa-nori) By Rats With Scarce pollutant of a nuclear accident.treated a 50-year-old woman with such severe knee peritoneally Implanted Lewis Lung Carcinoma”. 1994 “The Consumption of Seaweed as a Protective Factor “Suppressive Effects Of The Extracts Of Japanese in the Etiology of Breast Cancer”.

Journal of Ethnopharmocology. Nutr-Cancer. On Rauscher Murine Leukemia In “Antitumor Activity And Immunological Properties Comparison With Anti-HIV Agents.Japanese Journal of Cancer Monoethylenic Fatty Acids From The Nova Scotian Research. Fiziol-Zh-SSSR-IM-I- “Anti-tumor Activity Of A Crude Fucoidan Fraction M-Sechenova. 1993 “Light-harvesting Complexes Of Brown Algae.Nippon-Eiseigaku.1991 “Hypoglycemic Activity Of Several Seaweed “Possible Anti-Tumor Promoting Properties Of Extracts”. 1995 “Activation Of Murine Macrophages By Polysaccharide Fractions From Marine Algae . Cancer “Diagnosis And Treatment Of Thyroid Diseases”..1987 Weight Of A Fucan Sulfate From The Brown Seaweed Ecklonia kurome On Its Antithrombin “The Effect Of Adding Laminaria japonica To Food Activity”. Anti-Cancer Research. And Pentosan Sulfate”. Biosci-Biotechnol-Biochem. 1989 Marine Algae And In Vivo Activity of Wakame Seaweed Extract”. 1983 “Suppression Of I125I-Uptake In Mouse Thyroid By Seaweed Feeding: Possible Preventative Effect Of Dietary Seaweed On Internal Radiation Injury Of The Thyroid By Radioactive Iodine”. “Antitumor Activity Of Low Molecular Weight Biochemical Characterization And Immunological Fucans Extracted From Brown Seaweed Ascophyllum Relationships”. Nutr-Cancer. Especially Dextran Sulfate. Biosci-Biotechnol-Biochem. Nippon. Gig-Sanit.-Eiseigaku- Glutathione Peroxidase Activity In Livers Of Rats Zashi. 1993 Sarcoma-180 Ascites Cells Subcutaneously Implanted In Mice”. Azidothymidine.1993 “Biochemical Characterization of Algal Coated “Mammalian Lignan Production From Various Vesicles. 1988 Horumon-To-Rinsho. 1987 Rats To The Action Of Biologically Active Substances From Laminaria”. 1986 “Dietary Beta-Carotene And Cancer Of The Prostate A Case Control Study In Kyoto Japan”. 1993 “Antileukemic Activity Of Viva-natural.1991 “Confirmation By Gas Chromatography/Mass “A Comparative Case-Control Study of Colorectal Spectrometry Of Two Unusual Trans-3- Cancer and Adenoma”. 1991 “Determination Of Mg And Zn Contents Of Naruto “Effect Of Dietary Kelp On Liquid Peroxidation And Wakame (Undaria pinnatifida)”. A Dietary Seaweed Extract. “Biochemie. 1991 Prepared From The Roots Of Kelp (Laminaria Species)”.Throm-Res. Kitasato Archives of Experimental “The Influence Of Sulfate Content And Molecular Medicine. Anti-Cancer Research. Of Marine Algal Polysaccharides. Kitasato Archives of Experimental Medicine. With Special Load Of The Body With Cesium And Strontium Reference To Its Inhibitory Effect On The Growth Of Radionucleides”. 1991 Phaeophyceae”. 1992 “Regional Differences In Gastric Cancer Mortality And Eating Habits Of People”.“Digestibility and Energy Availability of Wakame (Porphyra yezoensis)”. Kitasato Archives of Experimental “The Physiological Resistance Of The Teeth In White Medicine. Lipids. 1994 “A Study On The Anti-coagulant And Fibrinolytic Activities Of A Crude Fucoidan From The Edible “Alimentary Methods For Decreasing The Radiation Brown Seaweed Laminaria religiosa. (Undaria pinnatifida) in Japan”. FEBS-Lett. Gig-Sanit. 1990 SeaweedsPalmaria Palmata And Chondrus crispus”. 1990 Foods”. 1990 Given Breast Carcinogen DMBA”. Prepared From Sargassum thunbergii Of Letters. Cancer Fucoidan. 1991 On The Long-term Effects When Combined With Radiation Injury”. 1993 Zasshi. 1992 “Biosorption of Heavy Metals”. 1991 nodosum”. Biotechnology Progress.Gan-No-Rinsho. Research.