# 1.

(a) correct equation in the form r = a + tb A2 N2 2
 1  1 
   
r    1  t  3 
 2   2
   

(b) (i) attempt to substitute t = 2 into the equation (M1)
 2   1  1 
     
 6  ,   1  2 3 
  4  2    2
e.g.      

 3 
 
 5 
 
OP   2  3 A1 N2

(ii) correct substitution into formula for magnitude A1

3 2  5 2  (2) 2 , 3 2  5 2  2 2
e.g.

OP  38
A1 N1 4
[6]

 3
 
BA   0 
 4
2. (a) (i)   A1 N1

(ii) evidence of combining vectors (M1)
  2   3
   
AB  BC  AC, BA  AC,  2    0 
  6   4
e.g.    

 1 
 
BC   2 
  2
  A1 N2 3

IB Questionbank Maths SL 1

(b) (i) METHOD 1

BA  BC, BA , BC
finding (A1)(A1)(A1)

BA  BC  3  1  0  4  2, BA  3 2  4 2 , BC  3
e.g.

substituting into formula for cos  M1
3  1  0  4  2 5
,
2 2 53
e.g. 3 3  0  4
 5 1
ABC    
cos 15  3 A1 N3

METHOD 2

AC, BA , BC
finding (A1)(A1)(A1)

AC  2 2  2 2  6 2 , AB  3 2  4 2 , BC  3
e.g.
substituting into cosine rule M1

5 2  3 2  44  2

,
25  9  44
e.g. 25 3 30
 10  1
ABC      
cos 30  3 A1 N3

(ii) evidence of using Pythagoras (M1)
2 2
e.g. right-angled triangle with values, sin x + cos x =1
 8  2 2 
ABC  
3  3 
sin A1 N2 7

(c) (i) attempt to find an expression for CD (M1)
2
( 4) 2  5 2  p 2 , CD  42  52  p 2
e.g.
correct equation A1

( 4) 2  5 2  p 2  50 ,4 2  5 2  p 2  50
e.g.
p2  9 A1
p 3 AG N0

(ii) evidence of scalar product (M1)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 2

g.     correct substitution e.g.  1  3  e. –4 + 10 – 6 A1 CD  BC  0 A1 CD is perpendicular to BC AG N0 6 [16] 3.  3  1   2 BD     2 AG N0 2 METHOD 2 Recognizing CD  BA (A1) correct approach A1 BC  CD .g.  1  3  e. –4 × 1+ 5 × 2 + 3 × –2.g.g. (a) evidence of appropriate approach (M1) AC  AB.  3  1 BD    2   2 AG N0 2 IB Questionbank Maths SL 3 .  4  3  4  1  e.   4  1       5    2  . BC   1   3 A1 N2 2 (b) METHOD 1 AD   1   3 (A1) correct approach A1 AD  AB. CD  BC  3    2 e.

 2   4 correct substitution A1 e. A0 for r = b + ta.g. 8 32   90  A1 therefore vectors BD and AC are perpendicular AG N0 [7] 4. r =     Note: Award A1 for a + tb. (a) any correct equation in the form r = a + tb (accept any parameter) A2 N2   8  2        5  t 1   25    8 e.g. A1 for L = a + tb. cos   0 e.g. (c) METHOD 1 evidence of scalar product (M1) BD  AC.g. IB Questionbank Maths SL 4 .g. (–2)(4) + (2)(4). ab correct substitution A1   2  4   2  4 .   2    4  e. –8 + 8 BD  AC  0 A1 therefore vectors BD and AC are perpendicular AG N0 3 METHOD 2 attempt to find angle between two vectors (M1) ab e.

–4.   2   8  k  evidence of choosing direction vectors     (A1)(A1) correct calculation of scalar product (A1) e.g. 2(–7) + 1(–2) – 8k simplification that clearly leads to solution A1 e. L1 = L3. –1 + p = –2q.g. –16 – 8k =0 k = –2 AG N0 (c) evidence of equating vectors (M1)  3   2   5   7           3   p  1    0   q  2    25    8  3   2 e. (b) recognizing scalar product must be zero (seen anywhere) R1 e.      1   AB    1  26    A1 N2  7   AC   2   2 (ii) finding   A1 evidence of finding magnitude (M1) 2 2 2 AC  7  2  2 e. (a) evidence of appropriate approach (M1) IB Questionbank Maths SL 5 . a • b = 0  2    7      1  .g. –1) A1 N3 (d) (i) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)   8   9      OA  AB  OB. AC  57 A1 N3 [18] 5. AB    5     4   25    1  e. q = 2) A1 the coordinates of A are (–9. –16 – 8k.g. –3 + 2p = 5 – 7q. –25 – 8p = 3 –2q attempting to solve equations (M1) finding one correct parameter (p = –3.g.g.g.         any two correct equations A1A1 e.

g. cos θ = 7  17 correct calculation A1 e.  2  0  4 AC     2 AG N0 IB Questionbank Maths SL 6 . (6) × (–2) + (–2) × (–3) + (3) × (2).g.g. AB  AC = 0.g.      e. (a) (i) correct approach A1  5  1 OC  OA.       8   BC    1   1   A1 N2 (b) attempt to find the length of AB (M1) AB  6 2  (2) 2  3 2 (  36  4  9  49  7) (A1)   6        6    7   1   2    2      7  7    3    3      unit vector is   7   A1 N2 (c) recognizing that the dot product or cos θ being 0 implies perpendicular (M1) correct substitution in a scalar product formula A1  12  6  6 e.   2  6      BC  BA  AC. cos θ = 0 therefore. they are perpendicular AG N0 [8] A1 CD  BC  0 6.   3     2   2   3  e.

v     2  0  2   1  e. v    . k = 0 + 2 .g. 12 – 12 valid reasoning R1 e. (ii) any correct equation in the form r = a + tb. (ii) appropriate approach (M1)  4   1       1  5  e. 4(3) + 2(–6) = 0. t  . e. 3 = 1 + 3t value of t or s A1 1 1 2 1 .g. where b = BD  1  3   x  4    1    t   .g. . D – B.g. substituting A1 1 (2) e. u    .g.g.g. 4(3) + 2(–6).       t   e. scalar product is zero AC is perpendicular to BD AG N0 (b) (i) correct “position” vector for u. s = 2 2 3 3. . 3 = 1 + 4s. k=1 AG N0 IB Questionbank Maths SL 7 .g. k) into equation for (AC) or (BD) (M1) e. r =  5    6   y    1  2 A2 N2 (c) METHOD 1 substitute (3.g. move 3 to the right and 6 down  3  BD      6 A1 N2 (iii) finding the scalar product A1 e. “direction” vector for v A1A1 N2  5  1  4   2   . u =  5   4    t    2   2  accept in equation e.

k=1 AG N0  1  PD    (d)   2 (A1) PD  2 2  12 ( 5 ) (A1) AC  4 2  2 2 (  20 ) (A1) 1  1   AC  PD    20  5  area = 2  2  M1 =5 A1 N4 [17] 7. Q – P   1   PQ   2   1   A1 N2  2   PR   2   4 (ii)   A1 N1 IB Questionbank Maths SL 8 . s = 2 2 3 3 substituting A1  4  1 3         1 3   6  e. 1 + 4s = 4 + 3t. r = .g. 2s = –1 – 6t.g. (a) (i) evidence of approach (M1) e.g. . t  . setting vector equations of lines equal value of t or s A1 1 1 2 1 . METHOD 2 setting up two equations (M1) e. e.g. PQ  PO  OQ.

6  2 6 144 12 1 cos RPˆQ  2 AG N0 METHOD 2 evidence of choosing cosine rule (seen anywhere) (M1)  3   QR   0   3   A1 QR  18 .g. using sin RPQ  cos RPQ  1 .  2 3  3  sin RPˆQ    4  2   A1 N3 METHOD 2 IB Questionbank Maths SL 9 . PQ . (b) METHOD 1 choosing correct vectors PQ and PR (A1)(A1) PQ  PR . PR  2 2  2 2  4 2 ( 24) substituting into formula for angle between two vectors M1 6 cos RPˆQ  e. 6  24 1 simplifying to expression clearly leading to 2 A1 6 6 6 . PQ  6 and PR  24 (A1)(A1)(A1) 2 2 2 ( 6 )  ( 24 )  ( 18 ) cos RPˆQ  2 6  24 A1 6  24 – 18  12  cos RPˆQ     24  24  A1 1 cos RPˆQ  2 AG N0 (c) (i) METHOD 1 evidence of appropriate approach (M1) 2 ˆ 2 ˆ e.g. diagram substituting correctly (A1) 2  1 sin RPˆQ  1 –   e.g. PR finding (A1) (A1)(A1) PQ  PR = –2 + 4 + 4 (= 6) PQ  ( 1) 2  2 2  12  ( 6 ). . e.g.

50 ) magnitudes = substitution into formula M1 12  20  15 ( 3 2  4 2  5 2 )  ( 4 2  ( 5) 2  (3) 2 ) e. P  60 since 2 (A1) evidence of approach e. (a) L1: r =     A2 N2 IB Questionbank Maths SL 10 . attempt to substitute into 2 ab sin C correct substitution 1 3 6  24  e.g. area = 2 2 A1 area = 3 3 A1 N2 [16] 8. drawing a right triangle. finding the missing side (A1) 3 sin Pˆ  2 A1 N3 (ii) evidence of appropriate approach (M1) 1 e.g. cos θ = 23  cos θ = 50 (= –0. 4 2  (5) 2  ( 3) 2 ( 50 .g.g. 1 ˆ cos Pˆ  .46) A2 N4 [6]  8  0       1   t 0   0  1 9. finding scalar product and magnitudes (A1)(A1)(A1) scalar product = 12 – 20 – 15 (= 23) 3 2  4 2  5 2 .

g.g.       . 6 = 2 + 2s. 6 = 2 + 4. 2 = 4 – s. 2 + 2s = 8. –1 + 5s = t attempt to solve (M1) finding s = 3 A1 substituting M1  2  2     OB   4   3  1   1  5 e.g.      8   OB   1   14    AG N0 (ii) evidence of appropriate approach (M1) e. 4 – s = 1.g.g. AB  OB  OA  2   AB    1  5   A1 N2 IB Questionbank Maths SL 11 .g. 9 = –1 + 5s.A=r one correct equation A1 e.         L =L 1 2 one correct equation A1 e. 2 = 4 – 2. 9 = –1 + 10 so A lies on L2 AG N0 (c) (i) evidence of approach M1  2  2   8  0          4   s  1   1   t  0    1  5   0  1 e. s=2 A1 evidence of confirming for other two equations A1 e.g. (b) evidence of equating r and OA (M1)  6  2   2        2    4   s  1  9    1  5 e. AB  AO  OB.

1 + q + 25 setting up a correct equation A1 2 1  q  25  42 2 2 e. (d) evidence of appropriate approach (M1) e. . .g.g.OA (or AD = AO + OD in part (ii))  2      4    2 AB =   A1 N2 2      k  5    (ii) AD =   2  A1 N1 IB Questionbank Maths SL 12 . (a) (i) evidence of combining vectors (M1)       e. 3 – p = 0) A1 p=3 A1 N2 (b) evidence of substituting into magnitude formula (M1) 2 1  q  25 2 e.g.                0    OD   2    9   A1 N2 [16] 10. AB = OB . 1 + q + 25 = 42.   1   1  y   5    4  z   5    4  5    4  z e. (a) evidence of equating scalar product to 0 (M1) 2 × 3 + 3 × (–1) + (–1) × p = 0 (6 – 3 – p = 0. AB  DC correct values A1  2  2   x  2   2   2   2x                OD    1   1  . q = 16 q = ±4 A1 N2 [6] 11.g.  y     1   1  .g.

(b) evidence of using perpendicularity  scalar product = 0 (M1)  2   2      e.  1    1  .g.   4    k  5   0   2   2      4 .  y 1    1   2    1  z  2    1 e.4(k .g .          4    2   1 OC =   A1 N3 IB Questionbank Maths SL 13 .5) + 4 = 0 A1 -4k + 28 = 0 (accept any correct equation clearly leading to k = 7) A1 k=7 AG N0  2     2     2 (c) AD =   (A1)  1    1   1 BC =   A1 evidence of correct approach (M1)  3  1   x  3  1            OC  OB  BC .

-2(1) + 4(1) + 2(-1). 5)) A1 N2 (ii) evidence of finding the magnitude of the velocity vector M1 2 2 2 e. r =         [6] IB Questionbank Maths SL 14 . BA . (a) (i) evidence of approach (M1)  96    AO  OB.g.    3    AB    4   5    (accept (3.   6  2   15  10  e. speed = 3  4  5 speed = 50 ( 5 2 ) A1 N1 (b) correct equation (accept Cartesian and parametric forms) A2 N2  6   3   9   3            2   t  4  . (d) METHOD 1   choosing appropriate vectors.g. B – A. 2(1) + (-4)(1) + (-2)(-1) ˆ cos ABC = 0 A1 N1 METHOD 2   BC parallel to AD (may show this on a diagram with points labelled) R1   BC ^ AB (may show this on a diagram with points labelled) R1 ˆC AB = 90 ˆ cos ABC = 0 A1 N1 [13] 12.g. BC (A1) finding the scalar product M1 e.g. r    6   t  4   10   5   15   5  e. 4.

4 + 1(6) = 10. θ = 90° (R1) sin θ = 1 A1 N2 [6]   2   6      6  and v   10   10    2 14. v  36  100  4  140 A1A1 u • v = 12 + 60 – 20 = 52 A1 52 cos θ = 140 140 A1 52 = 140 AG N0 (b) (i) For substituting s = 1 (M1) Correct calculations (A1) 9 + 1(–2) = 7. (a) Using direction vectors u =     (M1) u  4  36  100  140 . –6 + 1(10) = 4  7    10   4 position vector of P is   A1 N3 IB Questionbank Maths SL 15 . (a) (i) evidence of combining vectors (M1) e. AB  OB  OA   2 AB      3 A1 N2  3  AC    (ii)   2 A1 N1 (b) (i) AB  AC = (–2)(3) + (–3)(–2) = 0 A1 N1 (ii) scalar product 0 =  perpendicular.g.13.

4 = 2 + (–1)(–2) A1 Thus. 10 = 20 + (–1)(10) A1 verify for third coordinate.74 (b) = (M1) q 14 14 A1 q = 14   3.74 A1 N2 [6]  5     16. 3.  7  1   6        10    20   t  10   4  2   2 (ii) For substituting into the equation       (M1) For one correct equation A1 e. P is also on L2.g. (a) PQ =   3 A1A1 N2 IB Questionbank Maths SL 16 . AG N0   2  6       6   x   10    30  (c) k    (M1) –2k = 6 k = –3 A1 x = –3 × 6 = –18 A1 N2 [16] 15. (a) u•v=8+3+p (A1) For equating scalar product equal to zero (M1) 8+3+p=0 p = -11 A1 N3 u 2 2  3 2    1 2  14 . 7 = 1 – 6t Solving gives t = –1 A1 verify for second coordinate.

 R is  10 10  A1A1 N2 [6] IB Questionbank Maths SL 17 . OR    18. (a)       (M1)   2    AB   3   2    A2 N3 (b) Using r = a + tb  x   3   2  x   1   2              y    2   t  3  or  y    5   t  3   z   1  2   z   3  2              A1A1A1 N3 [6]   1    x  AB    . (a)   3  3  3x  A1A1 N2   (b) AB  OR  x  3  3  3x  A1   AB  OR  0 10 x  9  0  M1  9 3  . (b) Using r = a + tb  x   1  5        t    y   6   3 A2A1A1 N4 [6]   1  3           AB  OB  OA    5    2     3  1   17.

   5 4  1 Correct magnitudes   (A1)(A1) 2 cos  125 (A1) (C6) IB Questionbank Maths SL 18 . (a) OG = 5i + 5j – 5k A2 2 (b) BD = 5i + 5k A2 2 (c) EB = 5i + 5j – 5k A2 2 Note: Award A0(A2)(A2) if the 5 is consistently omitted. [6]  4   3     20. (a) Finding correct vectors. METHOD 1 Using a b = ab cos q (may be implied) (M1)  3   – 2  3   – 2           cos   4  1   4  1 (A1)  3   – 2        3  – 2    4 1  – 2 Correct value of scalar product  4   1  (A1)  3  2    25   5  . AB =  3 AC =  1  A1A1 Substituting correctly in the scalar product AB  AC = 4(–3) + 3(1) A1 = –9 AG 3 (b) | AB | = 5 | AC | = 10 (A1)(A1) 9 Attempting to use scalar product formula cos BAC = 5 10 M1 = –0.f) AG 3 [6] 21.569 (3 s.19.

METHOD 2  3    25  4 (A1)  2    5  1 (A1)  5    34  3 (A1) Using cosine rule (M1) 34  25  5  25 5 cos (A1) 2 cos   125 (A1) (C6) [6] 16  9 25 = 5 22. Direction vectors are a = i – 3j and b = i – j. [6] 23. 7) ) (M1)(A1) (C2)   2  4    t   (c) r =  1  3 (not unique) (A2) (C2) Note: Award (A1) if “ r = ” is omitted. ie not an equation. (A2) a b = (1 + 3) (A1)  a = 10 . (a) = (M1)(A1) (C2)   2  4  6    2     (b)  1  3  7 (so B is (6.  b = 2 (A1) ab  4     ab 10 2  cos θ = (M1) 4 cos θ = 20 (A1) (C6) [6] IB Questionbank Maths SL 19 .

METHOD 1 At point of intersection: 5 + 3λ = –2 + 4t (M1) l – 2λ = 2 + t (M1) Attempting to solve the linear system (M1) λ = –l (or t = 1) (A1)  2 OP     3 (A1)(A1) (C6) METHOD 2 (changing to Cartesian coordinates) 2x + 3y = 13.. . B. C0 for anything else. . [6] IB Questionbank Maths SL 20 . (a)c d = 3 × 5 + 4 × (–12) (M1) = –33 (A1) (C2) [2] (so B is (6. . 3).24. . C3 for one correct and nothing else.... or r =  5   1 (C3) Note: Award C4 for B. 25. . C1 for one correct and one incorrect. x – 4y = –10 (M1)(A1)(A1) Attempt to solve the system (M1)  2 OP     3 (A1)(A1) (C6) Note: Award (C5) for the point P(2. 16  9 ( ). D and one incorrect.. 7) ) (M1)(A1) (C2)   2  4  4  6    t      t   (c) r =  1  3  26. ( ). or r =  4   2 (C3)  7  3    t   D.

.25.  – 1=  3   – 1 cos q (M1) 4(1) + 3(–1) =  42  32  12   – 1  2  cos q (A1) 1 cos q = 5 2 = 0..° (or 255.1414 (A1) q = 81.43 radians) (A1) (C6) IB Questionbank Maths SL 21 .75. (M1)  4  1     Direction vectors are   and 3  – 1 .  60   – 30       27. x = l – 2t (A1) y = 2 + 3t (A1) x –1 y – 2  –2 3 (M1) 3x + 2y = 7 (A1)(A1)(A1) (C6) [6] 29. [6] 28..246. (1. (A1) θ = 104..82 or 4.. cos θ = –0.. (a)  25   40  = 60 × (–30) + 25 × 40 (M1) = –800 (A1) (C2)  800 (b) cos θ = 60 2  25 2   30 2  40 2 (M1)(A1) Note: Trig solutions: Award M1 for attempt to use a correct strategy.46. A1 for correct values.°) (A1) (C4) She turns through 104° (or 256°) Note: Accept answers in radians ie 1. (A1)  4  1   4  1           3  . Angle between lines = angle between direction vectors.9° (3 sf).

(1.3162) (A1) q = 72° (to the nearest degree) (A1) (C4) Note: Award (C2) for a radian answer between 1.35 radians) (A1) (C4) [6] a. award marks as below:  4  2     Angle required is between  – 1  and  4 (M0)(A0)  4   2  4   2          – 1 .  4  =  – 1  4  cos q (M1) 4(2) + (–1) 4 =  42   – 1   2   22  42  cos q (A1) 4 17 20 = cos q = 0. [4]  6   1      31.  4   Note: If candidates find the angle between the vectors  – 1  2   4 and   . Direction vector =  5   3  (M1)  5   =  2 (A1)  x   1  5       t    y   3  2 (A2) IB Questionbank Maths SL 22 .b ab 30. cos θ = (M1)  4  14 = 20 50 (A1) 10 = 10 10 1 = 10 (= 0.2169 (A1) q = 77.25.2 and 1.5° (3sf).

   6 2  8 2  100  2   8 = 10 (A1)  1  6   1  6    .  2   8 = 6 – 16 = –10 (A1)  1  6     12  2 2  5 .         2   8  2   8 cosq  10 1 1  –10 = 5 × 10 cosq  cosq = 10 5 5  q = arccos 5 (M1) q  117° (A1) [4] IB Questionbank Maths SL 23 . (a)  x  3  5  = 0 (M1)(M1)  2x(x + 1) + (x – 3)(5) = 0 (A1) 2  2x + 7x – 15 = 0 (C3) (b) METHOD 1 2 2x + 7x – 15 = (2x – 3)(x + 5) = 0 3  x = 2 or x = –5 (A1) (C1) METHOD 2  7  7 2  4( 2)(15) x= 2( 2) 3  x = 2 or x = –5 (A1) (C1) [4]  1  6    .   33. OR  x   6  5       t    y   5  2 (A2) (C4) [4]  2 x   x  1      32.

 x  4   Award (M1) for  y  1  .  3  y  1 (M1) (M1) Notes: Award (M1) for using scalar product. u + v = 4i + 3j (A1) Then a(4i + 3j) = 8i + (b – 2)j 4a = 8 3a = b–2 (A1) Whence a= 2 (A1) (C2) b= 8 (A1) (C2) [4] IB Questionbank Maths SL 24 . 2(x – 4) + 3(y + 1) = 0 (A1) 2x – 8 + 3y + 3 = 0 2x + 3y = 5 (A1) OR  2 3   Gradient of a line parallel to the vector  3 is 2 (M1) 2 Gradient of a line perpendicular to this line is – 3 (M1) 2 So the equation is y + 1 = – 3 (x – 4) (A1)  3y + 3 = –2x + 8  2x + 3y = 5 (A1) [4] 35.  2  x  4   .   34.

1). [4] IB Questionbank Maths SL 25 . (a) y 4 C 3 2 1 B 0 1 2 3 4 5 x –1 –2 –3 A (A3) (C3) Note: Award (A1) for B at (5. [4] 37. Required vector will be parallel to (M1)  4      5  = (A1)   1  4     t    4   5  Hence required equation is r = (A1)(A1) (C4)  3  4     s  Note: Accept alternative answers. eg   1   5 . (A1) for AC parallel to the y-axis.  3    1       1  4  36.  2  OC    (b)  3. Vector equation of a line r = a + lt (M1)  0  2     0 a=  .1). t =  3 (M1)(M1)  r = l(2i + 3j) (A1) (C4) [4] 38.25  (A1) (C1) Note: Accept correct readings from diagram (allow ±0. (A1) for BC perpendicular to AB.

(a)  5 (A1) (C1)   3 AC     6  (A1) (C1) (b) OB  AC = (10 × (–3)) + (5 × 6) = 0 (M1) Angle = 90° (A1) (C2) [4] IB Questionbank Maths SL 26 . (a) CD  OD  OC (A1) (C1) 1 OA  CD (b) 2 1 (OD  OC ) = 2 (A1) (C1) (c) AD  OD  OA 1 OD  (OD  OC ) = 2 (A1) 1 1 OD  OC = 2 2 (A1) (C2) Note: Deduct [1 mark] (once only) if appropriate vector notation is omitted. [4]       40. (a) u  i  2 j v  3i  5 j     u  2v  5i  12 j (A1) (C1)   u  2v  52  122 (b) = 13 (A1)  26   w  (5i  12 j ) Vector 13 (A1)   = 10i  24 j (A1) (C3) [4]  10  OB    41.39.