UVA 2005/02 ENGINEERING PRODUCTION FACILITY PLANNING Office Layout Rating Proximity to Development Layout Service Facilities You

have been hired by the company XXX Architectural Design and Engineering. As a first task, your bos s asks you to draw the layout of the new office to be installed in Barra da Tiju ca. You made the lifting of all activities related to a project office and Archi tectural Engineering, XXX and some features especially relevant. Based on this l ist, you discussed with key people from XXX and finally defined the following li st: Reception Local Activities / Features relevant Input / Output Receipts from Customers Receive correspondence office manager Daylight Input / Output Study cu stomer requirements Planning the scope of the project building's design with Aut oCad Computer Printers Input / Output Daylight structural design hydraulic and e lectrical design computers with MS Project and AutoCad Printers Input / Output D aylight Design Architectural Design plant electrical and hydraulic structure des ign with AutoCad Computer Printers and Plotters Input / Output Calculation of st ructural design, hydraulic design specifications and electrical design specifica tions and work computers with Excel software for structural input / output and f ile a copy of plans and designs Input / Output Management Architecture Engineering Design Calculation calculation Reprographics 1 / 7 UVA 2005/02 ENGINEERING PRODUCTION FACILITY PLANNING Activities / Features relevant input / output Registration Guest Registration Re ceivables from suppliers and banks Payables Management accounting reports and fi nancial statements Computers with Excel, Word, Money Printers and Input / Output Licenses Works at City Hall Shuttle service document Administrative support Reg istry Entry / Departure Café, snack service, machine input / output Bathroom Ba throom male female Input / Output Input / Output Window Door Consumer Products O ffice Phone Fax Servers Computer Networking Internet communications, printing an d data Hubs Router Local Accounting Hall elevator Support Bathrooms kitchen pantry Circulation Daylight Input / Output Communication Warehouse Laboratory Informatics

WORK: (a) Draw the flow within the office, (2) Using the grading scale neighborh ood below, suggests the layout to be deployed in the office of the Foo Bar: Rati ng 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Meaning Very important Absolutely necessary Unwanted Trashy Lit tle Important Extremely important undesirable 2 / 7 UVA 2005/02 ENGINEERING PRODUCTION FACILITY PLANNING (3) To explain the choice to add to the array of proximity, reasons for the degr ee of closeness used: Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Ratio (*) Contact Personal Convenience Noise, disturbance Light Using common equipment Access Client (*) Complete the table as needed. (4) Upon completion of the layout by proximity , draw the layout of the office according to the data below the area required fo r each section: Section Front Engineering Calculus Accounting Warehouse Manageme nt Movement Area (m2) 16 30 16 25 20 June 12% of the total Section Architecture Design Laboratory Computer Support Reprographics Cup Kitchen Area (m2) 30 20 9 1 2 24 20 Here are the restrictions of the site: Foyer 5x6 Bathroom masc. 4x3 Ladies room 4x3 windows Free area (320 m2) windows windows windows 3 / 7 UVA 2005/02 ENGINEERING PRODUCTION FACILITY PLANNING CHECK YOUR LAYOUT Author: Reinaldo A. Moura, Director of IMAM Consultoria Ltda., São Paulo. Tel ( 11) 5575 1400 imam@imam.com.br http://www.guialog.com.br/ARTIGO67.htm With the amount producing, planning the overall flow of materials, methods of wo rk planned, the more work the specified pattern, we can determine and plan the r esources needed: ⠢ ⠢ ⠢ how equipment will be needed, how many people / shift, ho w much space will be necessary, etc.. These data provide the basis for a layout correction. Thus, plant-layout (layout of the plant) can be defined as: analysis, conceptualization and design of an a rrangement of physical facilities (land, buildings, equipment and utilities), co vering also all its interrelations with involved in the manufacture of a product or provide a service efficiently, economically and safely. Therefore, the mater ial should flow smoothly from one job to another. In this article, we will evalu ate the productivity through small individual improvements in specific areas€or

by developing a completely new layout that can be implemented gradually. It wil l be a responsibility of the role plant-layout assemble it all into a new, modif ied and more productive physical arrangement (layout). ANALYSIS The analysis con sists of a general procedure for developing a new layout based on comparison wit h the current. If it is not feasible a complete redesign of the layout, then: 1 - Consider how just some of the design phases of the development complete; 2 - R efuse suggestions for improvement that are based only on "hunches", 3 - Try the ideas of all . And if your "problem" is as specific as: A project of expansion o r layout changes, without expansion, see the guidelines below for specific ways to accomplish each one: GUIDELINES P / PLANNING OR EXPANSION OF FACILITIES 1 - Plan for the future layou t with all the details. 2 - Design the expansions in at least two directions. 3 - Locate the activities most likely to expand in the best position to facilitate the expansion. 4 - Locate the equipment in such a way that allows the insertion of new equipment. 5 - Use aisles wide enough for efficient material flow. 6 - L ocate the large equipment or special fixed positions, if necessary, due to found ations and special facilities. 4 / 7 UVA 2005/02 ENGINEERING PRODUCTION FACILITY PLANNING 7 - Plan spaces with clearance required and appropriate. 8 - Use the minimum num ber of partitions and walls. 9 - Plan an appropriate modulation to facilitate ex pansion. 10 - Plan the location, arrangement and capacity to facilitate the expa nsion of water facilities, power, steam, sewage, etc.. 11 - Plan activities for receiving, forwarding, parking, streets and other utilities to the minimum reloc ation or changes in the expansions. 12 - Create a gallery for the movement of pi pes of utilities. 13 - Design a model of modular construction. 14 - Plan at appr opriate times for the installation of suspended platforms or mezzanines. 15 - Pl an external doors large enough to serve corridor in case of expansions. 16 - Pla n for External walls become firewalls after expansions. 17 - Make or has referen ce to a Master Plan is complete, even if you will deploy a first step only a par t of that plan. 18 - Plan services and facilities necessary for manpower sized ( for classes or total): dining room, cloakroom, toilets, outpatient, lighting, ad ministrative area, etc.. 19 - Idem, about the materials and equipment. 20 - Desi gn a solution that optimizes the flow and logistics of materials and items that move, also considering expansions. 21 - Check if the project includes the rules, regulations and legislation, including special programs of the Company (eg ISO14000). GUIDELINES P / LAYOUT CHANGES WITHOUT EXPANSION OF 1 - Relocate the corr idors. 2 - Refine policy materials with reduced in-process inventories. 3 - Stoc ks materials that resist weather areas outside the building. 4 - Make the most o f the height of the building, according to needs. 5 - Bring your machines as muc h as possible (creating cells). 6 - Remove the walls to increase space and flexi bility. 7 - Add mezzanines and platforms suspended if necessary. 8 - Eliminate p roducts whose sales do not justify the production, provided that the time saved is transferred to other products (ie, do not be idle). 9 - Use stents collapsibl e to save space when empty. 10 - rearrange materials and obsolete equipment. 11 - Foster a right foot approximately 4-6 m for manufacturing areas and 70-10 m fo r storage areas. 12 - Provide uniform illumination on all areas of the factory. 13 - Design the floor with a load capacity sufficient for future needs (producti on or storage). 14 - Use pallets four entries instead. 15 - Analyze whether they are adequate services and facilities for manpower, material and equipment, and promotes the necessary adjustments. EVALUATE YOUR LAYOUT (DIAGNOSIS) Answer with Yes or No. In Part 1 - The layout h as been designed from a master plan? 2 - The layout includes areas non-manufactu ring (office support, etc.).? 3 - The layout provides for expansion into new pro

ducts, changes in volume, etc..? 4 - The storage areas for raw materials, proces s materials, auxiliary materials, packaging materials, etc.. were adequately siz ed? 5 / 7 UVA 2005/02 ENGINEERING PRODUCTION FACILITY PLANNING 5 - There was a location study for the current manufacturing facility? 6 - The c urrent facilities include the needs of the environment? 7 - The internal distrib ution of resources in the principles of the cells and minifábricas? 8 - The mat erial flow is the result of a standard adopted in the company? 9 - The movement of materials found all ways to make the material move efficiently on the general pattern? 10 - The working methods established the best ways to perform each ope ration as well as your space needs? 11 - The layout considered the possibility o f new processes? 12 - The layout of the store gets the same treatment plant layo ut? 13 - The layout has been analyzed with respect to NR's - Rules Regulating He alth and Safety at Work? 14 - Is there a master plan showing the physical growth of dwellings? 15 - The layout looked all storage facilities in external areas? 16 - The material flows without the need for verbal instructions? 17 - Machinery and equipment are located to allow full use of its capacity? 18 - All resources are correlated close to each other? 19 - The layout meets the floor load capaci ty, height of the building and emergency doors? 20 - The layout drawings are upd ated with the facilities? Number of Responses Yes - 16-20: Its layout is excelle nt. Keep performance. - 10-15: Make improvements throughout your layout. - Below 10: Your layout is probably the cause of many problems in your company. promote s an urgent redesign. REVIEW YOUR LAYOUT 1 - Analyze the relationship x Product Quality and / or Quant ity. 2 - Evaluate production processes for improvement. 3 - Calculate the needs of production equipment. 4 - Evaluate the flow of basic materials. 5 - Review th e materials handling systems. 6 - Calculate the areas for storage needs. 7 - Rev iew the activities related to the material flow. 8 - Check the area (space) are meeting the needs. 9 - Develop the proposed new layout and compare it with the c urrent. 10 - Identify and evaluate the differences and meaningful alternatives. 11 - Design plans and procedures for implementing changes. 12 - Check the flows of raw materials, materials in process and finished components throughout the pr oduction process. 13 - There is need for transfer during the production process to other companies for processing (eg heat treatment)? 14 - Review the policy on supply of raw materials in order to try to reduce inventory in the warehouse. 1 5 - Review the policy for finished goods inventory in order to try to reduce the ir inventories and make room on the expedition. 16 - Try to gain vertical space, especially in deposits of raw materials, auxiliary matetriais, semi-finished pr oducts, trying to stack them to the fullest. 17 - Hire assistants deposits to st ock raw materials and finished products. 18 - Place of supervisors offices and t oilets on mezzanines, taking the floor area beneath them. 6 / 7 UVA 2005/02 ENGINEERING PRODUCTION FACILITY PLANNING TIPS FOR PERFECT LAYOUT 1 - Review the interrelationship of the activities invol ved with the material flow. 2 - Rearrange the layout of equipment for reduction of the drive. 3 - Predict the stream for better efficiency. 4 - Locate the first operations near the reception. 5 - Locate the operations related next to each o ther. 6 - Preview flexibility to changing situations. 7 - Remove or minimize the

partitions and walls. 8 - Predict the movement mechanized-automated to ensure a continuous flow. 9 - Use mezzanines to release the floor area. 10 - Remove the equipment they are not very usdos in order to free up more space. 11 - Preview o f emergency exits. 12 - Combine processing activities with the handling. 13 - Pr edict the frequent removal of scrap. 14 - Preview spaces suitable for estocagens materials. 15 - Find support activities (services, utilities, etc.).. 7 / 7