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POWER SYSTEM AND HIGH VOLTAGE BEKP 3653 SEMESTER 2 2016/2017
POWER SYSTEM AND HIGH VOLTAGE BEKP 3653 SEMESTER 2 2016/2017

POWER SYSTEM AND HIGH VOLTAGE

BEKP 3653

SEMESTER 2 2016/2017

HIGH
HIGH

POWER

SYSTEM

VOLTAGE

LECTURER

Dr Aida Fazliana Abdul Kadir

Room : A/1-2 Phone : 065552229 Email: fazliana@utem.edu.my

Azhan Abd. Rahman

Room:A-3/18

Phone :065552364 Email: azhanrahman@utem.edu.my

ULearn @ UTeM Sem 2 2016/17:

BEKP 3653 POWER SYSTEMS & HIGH VOLTAGE

RULES AND REGULATIONS
RULES AND REGULATIONS
RULES AND REGULATIONS • Be punctual to lecture and tutorial sessions. Penalty will be charged for

Be punctual to lecture and tutorial sessions. Penalty will be charged for those who comes 15 minutes late ...

Pay attention to the class, take notes when necessary Silence all handphones Do your homeworks! Regularly check the e-learning (ULEARN) portal for updates of lecture notes/assignments etc.

If don’t understand,please ASK!! or yo can discuss later during tutorial or other times (open door policy).

LEARNING OUTCOMES Upon completion of this subject, the student should be able to:  Analyze the
LEARNING OUTCOMES
Upon completion of this subject, the student should be able to:
Analyze the problems on power system regarding to power
flow, fault and power system stability. (PO2)
Identify the theory of breakdown in gases, solid dielectrics, and
fluid. (PO1)
Design and analyze the generation and measurement of high
voltage ac, dc and impulse. (PO3)
PRE-REQUISITE  BEKG2433 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Hadi Saadat, Power System Analysis, International ed., McGraw

PRE-REQUISITE

  • BEKG2433 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Hadi Saadat, Power System Analysis, International ed., McGraw Hill,

2004.

  • 2. Grainger and Stevenson Jr, Power System Analysis,International ed., McGraw Hill, 1994.

  • 3. M S Naidu and V Kamaraju, High Voltage Engineering, McGraw Hill
    2004.

  • 4. E. Kuffel, W. S. Zaengl and J. Kuffel, High Voltage Engineering: Fundamentals, Newnes, 2000.

SUBJECT EVALUATION Assessment* Quizzes (PS) Marks 10% Test 1(PS) Test 2(HV) Assignments(HV) Final Examination 10% 10%
SUBJECT EVALUATION
Assessment*
Quizzes (PS)
Marks
10%
Test 1(PS)
Test 2(HV)
Assignments(HV)
Final Examination
10%
10%
10%
60%
(PS&HV)
Total
100%
PLANNING Weeks Contents 1 POWER FLOW ANALYSIS 2 POWER FLOW ANALYSIS 3 FAULT ANALYSIS 4 FAULT
PLANNING
Weeks
Contents
1
POWER FLOW ANALYSIS
2
POWER FLOW ANALYSIS
3
FAULT ANALYSIS
4
FAULT ANALYSIS
5
POWER SYSTEM STABILITY
6
POWER SYSTEM STABILITY
7
TEST 1
8
MIDTERM BREAK
9
CONDUCTION AND BREAKDOWN IN GASES
10
CONDUCTION AND BREAKDOWN IN GASES
11
BREAKDOWN IN SOLID DIELECTRICS AND LIQUIDS
12
BREAKDOWN IN SOLID DIELECTRICS AND LIQUIDS
13
GENERATION AND MEASUREMENT OF HIGH VOLTAGES AND CURRENTS
14
GENERATION AND MEASUREMENT OF HIGH VOLTAGES AND CURRENTS
15
TEST 2
16
STUDY WEEK
17
EXAMINATION WEEKS

DETAIL SYLLABUS AND DELIVERY

Revision Per unit system

Revision Per unit system

Per Unit System  Definition : a per-unit system is the expression of system quantities (power,
Per Unit System
Definition : a per-unit system is the expression of
system quantities (power, voltage, current &
impedance) as fractions of a defined base unit
quantity (instead of VA, volt, ampere, ohms) by
the equation:
quantity in per unit
actual quantity
base value of quantity
Main advantage : Calculations are simplified
because all quantities expressed in per-unit are
the same regardless of the voltage levels.
Why using per-unit system ? The main reasons are :  Similar apparatus (generators, transformers, lines)

Why using per-unit system ?

The main reasons are :

Similar apparatus (generators, transformers, lines) will have similar per-unit impedances and losses expressed on their own rating, regardless of their absolute size. )

Per-unit quantities are the same on either side of a transformer, independent of voltage level (i.e. It would be very difficult to continually have to refer impedances to the different sides of the transformers. )

By normalizing quantities to a common base, calculations are simplified.

Overall, the per unit system was developed to make manual

analysis of power systems easier.

BASE QUANTITIES SELECTION  Generally base values of power (Sbase) and voltage (Vbase)are chosen. The base
BASE QUANTITIES SELECTION
Generally base values of power (Sbase) and voltage
(Vbase)are chosen. The base power (S base , P base , Q base ) may
be the rating of a single piece of apparatus such as a motor
or generator.
The base voltage (V base ) is chosen as the nominal rated
voltage of the system. All other base quantities (I base , Z base )
are derived from these two base quantities
Once the base power and the base voltage are chosen, the
base current and the base impedance are determined by
the natural laws of electrical circuits. (refer formulas in
chapter 2, Glover)
REMEMBER : BASE QUANTITIES HAVE NO ANGLE, ONLY HAVE
MAGNITUDE
quantity in per unit
actual quantity
base value of quantity
PER-UNIT SYSTEM Normally, we just pick the rated voltage & power as base value: V 
PER-UNIT SYSTEM
Normally, we just pick the rated voltage & power
as base value:
V
 V
b
rated
e.g. if S rated =10VA,
then, we can select
the base power to
be:
S
 S
 P
 Q
b
rated
rated
rated
S base = 10VA
P base = 10Watt
Q base = 10Var
Then compute base values for currents and
impedances:
2
S
V
V
b
b
b
 I
 Z
b
b
V
I
S
b
b
b
PER- UNIT SYSTEM And the per-unit system is: V p u . . S p u

PER-UNIT SYSTEM

And the per-unit system is:

V

p u

.

 

.

S

p u

.

.

V

actual

V

b

S

actual

S

b

  • I actual

  • I b

I

p u

.

.

Z

p u .

.

Z

actual

Z

b

Percent of base Z

Z % Z

100%

p u .

.

PER UNIT SYSTEM FOR SINGLE PHASE

PER UNIT SYSTEM FOR

SINGLE PHASE

PER-UNIT SYSTEM FOR 1-  CIRCUITS One-phase circuits S  S  V I Zone of
PER-UNIT SYSTEM FOR 1-  CIRCUITS
One-phase circuits
S
 S
 V
I
Zone of
Zone of
b
1
φ
LN
φ
base 1
base 2
where
V
V
LN
line
 
to
neutral
I
 I
φ
line current
V
V
1
2
V
 V
V
 V
b 1
LN,1
b 2
LN,2
S
Note :
S
b
 I
b
 I
b 1
b 2
V
V
b 1
1= winding 1
2= winding 2
b 2
PER-UNIT SYSTEM FOR 1-  CIRCUITS 2 2 V (V ) V (V ) b 1
PER-UNIT SYSTEM FOR 1-  CIRCUITS
2
2
V
(V
)
V
(V
)
b 1
b 1
b 2
b 2
Z
Z
b 1
b 2
I
S
I
S
b 1
b
b 2
b
S
actual
*
 S
 V I
p u
p u p u
S
b
P
actual
 P 
 V I
cos 
p u
p u p u
S b
Q
actual
Q 
 V I
sin 
p u
p u p u
S b
PER UNIT SYSTEM FOR THREE PHASE

PER UNIT SYSTEM FOR

THREE PHASE

Three-phase circuits S  3 S  3 V I b ,3  b ,1 
Three-phase circuits
S
 3
S
 3
V
I
b
,3
b
,1
b , LN b , L
where
V
 V
/
3
bLN
bLL
I
 I
 I
line current
L
S
3V
I
b ,3
LL L
 S
3
V
I
3
V
I
b
,3
bLL
,1
b L
,1
bLL
, 2
b L
, 2
For low voltage winding

PER-UNIT SYSTEM FOR 3-CIRCUITS

(assume wye connection)

PER-UNIT SYSTEM FOR 3-  CIRCUITS I b 1  bLL ,1 b ,3  S

PER-UNIT SYSTEM FOR 3-CIRCUITS

  • I b 1

bLL ,1 b ,3  S 3 V
bLL ,1
b ,3
S
3 V

I

S

b ,3

 

b 2

3 V

3 V

bLL , 2

 

V

2 V V 3 V ( ) LN ,1 bLL ,1 bLL ,1 bLL ,1 Z
2
V
V
3
V
(
)
LN ,1
bLL
,1
bLL
,1
bLL ,1
Z 
b 1
I
3
S
S
L ,1
b ,3
b ,3
*
S
3 V I
2
3
*
( V
)
L
L
S
V
I
S
bLL , 2
3
,
p u
1
p u
p u
3
,
p u 2
Z 
S
3 V I
b ,3
b 2
b
b
S
b ,3
2
V
Z 
*
S
THE PER-UNIT SYSTEM
THE PER-UNIT SYSTEM
THE PER-UNIT SYSTEM Change of Base If the voltage base are the same:
THE PER-UNIT SYSTEM Change of Base If the voltage base are the same:
THE PER-UNIT SYSTEM Change of Base If the voltage base are the same:
THE PER-UNIT SYSTEM Change of Base If the voltage base are the same:
THE PER-UNIT SYSTEM Change of Base If the voltage base are the same:
Change of Base
Change of Base

If the voltage base are

the same:

Example 1 21
Example 1
21
Solution 22

Solution

Solution 22

22

23
23

23

EXAMPLE 2 1 T 1 2 3 T 2 4 Line 1 220kV G T 3

EXAMPLE 2

1

T 1

2

3

T 2

4

Line 1 220kV G T 3 M T 4 Line 2 110kV Load
Line 1
220kV
G
T 3
M
T 4
Line 2
110kV
Load

5

6

EXAMPLE 2 1 T 1 2 3 T 2 4 Line 1 220kV G T 3

The one line diagram of a three-phase power system is

shown in figure above. Select a common base of 100MVA and 22kV on the generator side. Draw an

impedance diagram with all impedances including the

load impedance marked in per-unit. The manufacturer’s data for each device is given as follow:

G : 90MVA 22kV X=18% T1 : 50MVA 22/220kV X=10% T2 : 40MVA 220/11kV X=6% T3

G

:

90MVA 22kV

X=18%

T1

:

50MVA 22/220kV

X=10%

T2

:

40MVA 220/11kV

X=6%

T3

:

40MVA 22/110kV

X=6.4%

T4

:

40MVA 110/11kV

X=8%

M

:

66.5MVA

10.45kV

X=18.5%

LINE 1: 48.4Ω LINE 2: 65.43Ω

3-PHASE LOAD : 57MVA, 0.6 PF LAG AT 10.45kV