HVDC Laboratory

BEE4273 – High Voltage Direct Current & FACTS


Abstract— The modern form of HVDC transmission uses parameters for components in the circuit are set as state in
technology developed extensively since the first introduction of Table 2.1.
HVDC power transfer technology, various analytical models for
HVDC analysis and design have been developed. These modeling
move toward are mainly concerned with precise modeling of AC-
DC/DC-AC converters. In this report will explain a HVDC
transmission system that put up using MATLAB/SIMULINK and
its effect of variation of firing angle α in HVDC rectifier.


High voltage direct current (HVDC) power system applies
D.C. for transmission of bulk power over long distances. For
long distance, compared to AC transmission, the power
transmission, HVDC lines are less expensive, and losses are
less. It be linked the networks that have different frequencies
and characteristics. HVDC solutions have become more
attractive for the reason that of its environmental advantages,
economical, asynchronous interconnections, power flow
control and added benefits to the transmission such as stability,
power quality and so on.

For this experiment, SimPowerSystems is applied to get the
results. SimPowerSystems in Matlab make available
component libraries and analysis tools for modeling and
simulating electrical power systems. The libraries offer models
of electrical power components, including three-phase
machines, electric drives, and components for applications
such as flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) and
renewable energy systems. To develop control systems and
test system-level performance the SimPowerSystems models
can be used. In High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC), the
analysis of parameter can be experimental such as steady-state
voltage and current, FFT Analysis, Load Flow and etc.

In this experiment, the key objective is to configure and
analyze a HVDC Transmission System using different value of
firing angle (alpha) in the rectifier.


The analysis results for HVDC transmission system was
done in MATLAB/Simulink. Firstly, a command
“power_hvdc” is typed in command window. The simple 6-
pulse HVDC Transmission System 500MW (250kV-2kA)
circuit diagram was revealed as shown in Figure 2.1. The

Figure 2. L = 0. Then.1: Circuit Diagram. the sample time is clicked 2 times and the FFT analysis is selected. . the discretized (sample time) is choosen which is 43. Table 2. 80 and 160 degree respectively as shown in Figure 2. Component Value 3 phase Source 300kV. the alpha value/ firing angle of the rectifier was set to 5. The simulation time also set to 0.4 µs. The results for the different values of alpha were observed .5Ω. 5000 MVA Transformer (wye-delta 300kV  200kV connection) (step down) 3 phase Rectifier (RL R = 0. After that.1: The parameters for components in the circuit. 20.5H branch) Next.2.8s and then clicked the run button.

Ifault(A). RESULTS Scope 1 will obtain graph for Id Idref(pu). When α = 5 deg .2: Alpha value is set to 5 degree. Scope 2 will obtain graph for Vabc(pu). Iabc(pu/500MVA) and VdVdl(pu). alpha (deg). III. 1. Figure 2.

.1: Scope1 for α=5deg.Figure 3.

Figure 3. .2: Scope2 for α=5deg.

3: FFT Analysis for α=5deg. When α = 20 deg . 2. Figure 3.

4: Scope1 for α=20deg.Figure 3. .

Figure 3.5: Scope2 for α=20deg. .

Figure 3.6: FFT Analysis for α=20deg 3. When α = 80 deg .

Figure 3.7: Scope1 for α=80deg. .

.8: Scope2 for α=20deg.Figure 3.

Figure 3. When α = 160 deg .9: FFT Analysis for α=80deg 4.

Figure 3.10: Scope1 for α=160deg. .

.Figure 3.11: Scope2 for α=20deg.

Vdc. The degree. we can see that different range of delay firing angle.12: FFT Analysis for α=160deg IV. the level of dc output voltage decreases. DISCUSSION From the results get hold of. It describes that as the firing angle increases. α provide different dc output voltage. Figure 3. the polarity of the output dc voltage will be . At 180 degree of delay firing angle. the dc output voltage will be zero so the dc output voltage will decrease towards zero as the firing angle increase.

The commutation begins after α and ends after extinction angle δ=µ+α.reversed at delay firing angle more than 180. Error: Reference bridge rectifier. current. the voltage waveforms at the bridge side of the hvdc-transmission-system. Different alpha will inductance in each phase of the source is that the diodes absolutely produce different DC output waves with can be said cannot turn on and off straight away. University Malaysia Pahang. DR. source not found . From the FFT analysis. PM. The result is that two phases REFERENCES are shorted together during the commutation and the voltage is the average of the two phases. the one it is replacing stays on until the current through its source inductance goes to zero. Faculty of Electric & Electronic Engineering.mathworks. The commutation angle has also gives consequence to the output dc voltage as it drops the V.com/help/physmod/sps/examples/simple-6-pulse- together. 20°. where α is the delay firing angle and µ is the overlap commutation angle. This results in harmonics in the . on. CONCLUSION voltage. The alpha selected to be source and in each thyristor. we can [1] BEE4273 High Voltage Dirent Current & FACTS lecture notes. It is not possible for the current in one Using the different value of firing angle (alpha) was done phase and thyristor to directly transfer the current to another for the analysis of DC output configuration and analyses of a phase and thyristor because there is inductance in both the HVDC transmission system. Therefore. the voltages of any devices that are connected in parallel with the dc voltage can be obtained by using formula. So when one diode turns with harmonics.html inductors undergo notching. In view of the fact that the phases are being shorted [2] http://www. also see that there are high harmonics in the three phase Abu Zaharin. The result of the commutating considers were 5°. 80° and 160°.

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