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photo from: http://www.stellarviolets.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Jocelyn-biochar-electron-microscope-images-1.

jpg

BIOCHAR
Keywords: biochar, bamboo, appropriate technology

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carbonized bamboo

pyrolisis
carbon-rich


Terra PretaUniversity of Bayreuth
Bruno Glaser 1 1
250
100


2-3 2012




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1 hectare 1 hectare
1 meter deep 1 meter deep
250 tons of carbon >100 tons of carbon

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photo from: www.ultrakulture.com
Terra preta soils
450 950
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TERRA PRETA : AMAZONIAN SUPER-SOIL : ANCIENT WAYS OF BIO-DESIGNING
RAINFORESTS & Biochar revolution, 2009


Mohen et al., 2006; Preston and Schmidt, 2006


synthetic gas

50% biomass
FAO, 1985; Baldock and Smernik,
2002
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photo from: terrapreta.bioenergylists.org

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Top-lit Updraft, TLUD

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BIOCHAR
FOR WHAT?
Accelerating succession and
evolution

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Accelerate succession. Mature ecosystems are
more diverse and productive than young ones,
so use design to jump-start succession.

Toby Hemenway

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50%25%25%

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100%

0.5%5,000
ppm0.03%300 ppm

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Cation
Exchange Capacity CEC pH

2-6

C/N 10

5% 2%~3%



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/Micorbes & Soil

decomposition mineralization
/microorganisms /organic matters /fertilizer

&/crops &
weeds

/humus soil



Biomimicry: sheet mulching
dispersed state aggregated state



Microbial byproducts glue soil particles into water-stable aggregates
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photo courtesy of soilandhealth.org photo courtesy of wildwesleyan



CEC 21 photo from: agsource.crinet.com

(Chan et al., 2007)


(refugia)
(mycorrhizae)(bacteria)

N P

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pH (EC)
(CEC) (Liang et al.,
2006; Gundale and DeLuca,2007; Warnock et al., 2007;
Amonette and Joseph, 2009)

pH
(wood ash) pH
P K (Clarholm, 1994; Mahmood et al., 2003)

(absorber) N
(Steiner et al., 2008b)
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(Lehmann et al.,
2003b; Blackwell et al., 2009)

90%

20220


(refugia)
(mycorrhizae) (bacteria)

NP
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charged


photo from: permaculturenews.org

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26 photo from: biocharproject.org


atmospheric pollution
forest
degradation

from Methods for Producing Biochar and Advanced Bio-


fuels in Washington State - Literature Review (chapter 10
Environmental impact of biochar production), Washington
State Department of Ecology, April 2011.

photo from: http://thegreentimes.co.za





polycyclic organic matter, POM

tars
pyroacid

from Methods for Producing Biochar and Advanced Bio-fuels in Washington State - Literature Review
(chapter 10 Environmental impact of biochar production), Washington State Department of Ecology,
April 2011.

CAS [1]

1CAS

Q:

A:

Q: 30% 70%

A: 3
30% 10-20% 5%

Q:

A:


200 L
52 cm
94 cm

10 cm
250 cm

photo from: http://fingerlakesbiochar.com


biochar

http://www.chientai.org/category/biochar/

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G.T. Dan

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