Manufacturing and Materials Brinell Hardness Test

Abstract 3

Objective 4

Introduction 4

Apparatus 5

Method 5

Result and calculations 6

Chart of comparison 7

Discussion 7

Conclusion 8

References 8

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2 .Manufacturing and Materials Brinell Hardness Test ABSTRACT: Brinell hardness testing is a method to find the hardness of a material and how tough or hard is the material by performing this experiment on Brinell machine. We utilize this experiment to find the hardness number of different metals like steel and aluminum by using Brinell machine.

mm 3 .e. Hardness test also involves Rockwell test and Vicker test.Manufacturing and Materials Brinell Hardness Test OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this test is to inspect the hardness of the specimen provided i. mm d is the diameter of the indentation. Introduction: Hardness testing measures a material’s strength by determining resistance to penetration. Hardness is used to measure the quality of resistances which includes scratching cutting and hardening are involved. The concept of hardness is used every day for example sometime we scratch a CD with our finger nails so hardness is involved.. D−( √ D 2−d 2) πD 2 ( ) ¿ F BHN= ¿ Where F is the applied load. by using different load on each metal by the use of brinell machine and to know which metal has more capacity tto resist the deformation. In 1900 a famous Swedish specialist by the name of J. Kg D is the diameter of the steel ball. mm t is the depth of impression. Different metals will have different impressions and craters made on them due to their hardness level. In this experiment a ball of steel is pressed on a metal specimen to test its hardness. Then the below formula should be applied to find what we call Brinell hardness number (BHN) or (HB).A Brinell designed his own way to find material hardness. Aluminum and Steel.

Install the indenter 2. Set the stress gauge reading to zero 5. 20 times magnification microscope Brinell Testing Machine Method: 1.Manufacturing and Materials Brinell Hardness Test Apparatus: 1. Turn the hand wheel to lower the indenter so it just touches the specimen 4. Start the test by turn the hand wheel to maximum which is around 10-15 kN) 6. Brinell testing machine 2. Specimen 4. 10mm ball indenter 3. Remove the specimen 7. Place the specimen on the platen 3. Use microscope to measure the diameter of dent made by indenter Results and calculation: 4 .

Manufacturing and Materials Brinell Hardness Test The table below shows the results of experiments and the standard values Specimen 1: Specimen 2: Aluminum Steel Diameter of the ball D (mm) 10 10 Diameter of the dent. d (mm) 2.32 5. F (kg) 750 Kgf 3000 Kgf D−( √ D −d ) 2 2 πD 175 139.53 BHN= ( ) 2 ¿ F ¿ Standard BHN 95 140 Calculations: 5 .05 Test Weight.

viscoelasticity and viscosity. After doing the experiment we find that the steel is stronger than the aluminum because it has the highest number of hardness of the both specimen.Manufacturing and Materials Brinell Hardness Test Chart of Experimented Values and Theoretical Values: Experimented Values VS Theoretical Values Theoretical Value Standard Value 175 139. the value calculated for Aluminum is very different from the 6 . The Close-packed crystal structures played a main role in resisting the abrasion and deformation. The BHN value we calculated form the experiment for Steel was almost very accurate to the theoretical value. Specimen with the same dimension were used to maintain Crater impression accuracy. The experiment shows us that the hardness number and the diameter of the crater are directly proportional. toughness. Through the experiment we found out that the Brinell hardness on steel number of steel is 140 and for the aluminum is 175 which proves that steel has the property of resisting abrasion more efficiently than aluminum. However. For determining the diameter of the crater impression on each specimen we used a 20x microscope whereas diameter of the steel ball indenter was already known. This is because of the chemical composition and structural makeup of Steel.53 140 95 Aluminum Steel Discussion: This experiment was used to determine the hardness of different types of materials. Steel and aluminum were used as specimen. Hardness is also dependent on various properties of metals including but not limited to Ductility.

Conclusion: In conclusion Brinell hardness test is useful to find out how hard the material is.Jr.(2010)Material Science And Engineering An Introduction. This error could be because of the rough surface of the specimen used. John Wiley & Sons.  http://ar. Figure 6.scribd.Manufacturing and Materials Brinell Hardness Test theoretical value with a difference of 80. 7thEd. 7thEd. Inc. page 155.com/bhn-brinell-hardness-number-d_1365. John Wiley & Sons. United State of America.Hardness.html 7 .Hardness. The diameter of the indented crater on the specimen could’ve been recorded wrongly. Inc.  William D.18.Jr.Callister. Page 159.com/doc/150145263/Material-Science-Hardness-Test-Lab-Report  http://www. From experiment the number of steel and aluminum were calculated successfully which proved steel to be stronger than aluminum. References:  William D. We also learnt the mistakes we might’ve made during the experiment in calculating the value of Aluminum which resulted in a high difference between theoretical and experimental values.Callister.engineeringtoolbox.(2010)Material Science And Engineering An Introduction. United State of America.