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- HandBook for Structural Engineers
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WELDED PLATE GIRDER (slender section)

Calculate the bending strength and the shear strength of laterally supported plate Remarks /

Code

girder 800-6-200-10 given Fy = 250mPa, Fu = 410mPa. Provisions

Section classification: tf y

200 - 6

b = = 97 mm

2 x x

250 250 D

ef = = =1 tw

fy 250

b 97 y

= = 9.7 < 13.6 e (Semi-compact) Table 3.1

t f 10

d 800

= =133.33 >126 e (Slender)

tw 6

The section is classified as slender.

Design Moment capacity of the section:

The web is slender and hence it is disregarded in bending strength calculation.

200 103 800 10

2

12 2 2

IZ 656.1106

Ze = = 1600325.2 mm3

820 / 2 410

Z e f y 1600325.2 250

Myd = = = 364 kNm

g mo 1.1

Yield Moment capacity of the section = 364 kNm

Since the web is slender, it cannot be loaded to the plastic moment capacity.

Design shear strength of the section:

d 800

= = 133.33e > 67e

tw 6

Clause

Hence the shear strength is governed by shear buckling.

8.4.2.2

kv = 5.35

Appendix A5.3 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED

WELDED PLATE GIRDER (slender section)

k vp 2 E Clause

2

cr, e = d 8.4.2.2

12 ( 1 - m 2 )

t w

5.35 p 2 2 105

cr, e = = 54.4 N/mm2

12 ( 1 - 0.32 ) ( 133.33 )

2

w = f yw / ( 3 cr ,e )

= 250 / ( 3 54.4 )

= 1.63 > 1.25

Shear force corresponding to web buckling,

Vcr = Av b

Where,b = shear stress corresponding to web buckling.

When w 0.8 b = f yw / 3

b =

(

f yw / 3 )

w 1.25 b = f yw / ( 3 2 w )

b = f yw / ( )

3 1.632 = 54.4 N/mm2

Check for serviceability of the web:

When transverse stiffeners are not provided, Clause

d 8.6.1.1

250e w

tw

e w = 250 = 250 =1

f yw 250

Appendix A5.3 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED

WELDED PLATE GIRDER (slender section)

tw = thickness of the web Clause

c = spacing of transverse stiffener 8.6.1.1

fyw = yield stress of the web

d 800

= = 133.33e w < 200e w

tw 6

Web is adequate for serviceability.

Check for flange buckling in to web:

When transverse stiffeners are not provided. Clause

d 8.6.1.2

345 e 2f

tw

e w = 250 = 250 =1

f yf 250

d 800

= = 133.33 e 2f 345e 2f

tw 6

Hence, the web is adequate to avoid flange buckling into the web.

Appendix A5.4 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED

WELDED PLATE GIRDER (Plastic section)

Calculate the bending strength and the shear strength of laterally supported plate Remarks /

Code

girder 800-10-200-12 given Fy = 250mPa, Fu = 410mPa. Provisions

Section classification:

tf y

200 - 10

b = = 95 mm

2

x x

250 250

ef = = =1 D

fy 250 tw

b 95

= = 7.92 < 8.4 e (Plastic)

t f 12 y Table 3.1

d 800

= = 80 < 84 e (Plastic)

tw 10

The section is classified as Plastic.

Design Moment capacity of the section:

The web is slender and hence it is disregarded in bending strength calculation.

200 123 800 12 10 800

2 3

12 2 2 12

IZ 1217.94 106

Ze = = = 2.96 x 106 mm3

824 / 2 412

t w d 2 w

Zp = f f ( w f )

b t d + t +

4

10 8002

200

Zp = 12 ( 800 + 12 )

+ 6

= 3.55 x 10 mm

3

4

Z e f y 2.96 106 250

Myd = = = 672 kNm

g mo 1.1

Z p f y 3.55 106 250 Clause

Myd = = = 807 kNm

g mo 1.1 8.4.2.2

Yield Moment capacity of the section = 807 kNm

Since the web is plastic, it can be loaded to the plastic moment capacity.

Appendix A5.4 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED

WELDED PLATE GIRDER (Plastic section)

d 800 Clause

= = 133.33e > 67e

tw 6 8.4.2.2

Hence the shear strength is governed by shear buckling.

kv = 5.35

k vp 2 E

2 5.35 p 2 2 105

cr, e = d = 2 = 54.4 N/mm

2

12 ( 1 - m 2 ) 12 ( 1 - 0.3 ) ( 133.33)

2

t w

Non-dimensional web slenderness ratio,

w = f yw / ( 3 cr ,e )

= 250 / ( 3 54.4 )

= 1.63 > 1.25

Shear force corresponding to web buckling,

Vcr = Av b

Where,b = shear stress corresponding to web buckling.

When w 0.8 b = f yw / 3

b =

(

f yw / 3 )

w 1.25 b = f yw / ( 3 2 w )

b = f yw / ( )

3 1.632 = 54.4 N/mm2

Clause

Check for serviceability of the web:

8.6.1.1

When transverse stiffeners are not provided,

d

250e w

tw

yw

WELDED PLATE GIRDER (Plastic section)

d = depth of the web

tw = thickness of the web Clause

c = spacing of transverse stiffener 8.6.1.1

fyw = yield stress of the web

d 800

= = 133.33e w < 200e w

tw 6

Web is adequate for serviceability.

Check for flange buckling in to web:

When transverse stiffeners are not provided. Clause

d 8.6.1.2

345 e 2f

tw

e w = 250 = 250 =1

f yf 250

d 800

= = 133.33 e 2f 345e 2f

tw 6

Hence, the web is adequate to avoid flange buckling into the web.

Appendix A5.5 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED

WELDED PLATE GIRDER (Compact section)

Calculate the bending strength and the shear strength of laterally supported plate Remarks /

Code

girder 800-8-200-12 given Fy = 250mPa, Fu = 410mPa. Provisions

Section classification:

tf y

200 - 8

b = = 96 mm

2

x x

250 250

ef = = =1 D

fy 250 tw

b 96

= = 8 < 8.4 e (Plastic)

t f 12 y Table 3.1

d 800

= =100 < 105 e (Compact)

tw 8

The section is classified as Compact.

Design Moment capacity of the section:

200 123 800 12 8 800

2 3

12 2 2 12

IZ 1132.60 106

Ze = = = 2.75 x 106 mm3

824 / 2 412

t w d 2 w

Zp =

b t

f f ( d w + t ) +

f

4

8 8002

200

Zp = 12 ( 800 + 12 )

+ = 3.23 x 106 mm3

4

Z e f y 2.75 106 250

Myd = = = 625 kNm

g mo 1.1

Z p f y 3.23 106 250

Myd = = = 734 kNm

g mo 1.1 Clause

Yield Moment capacity of the section = 734 kNm 8.4.2.2

Since the web is compact, it can be loaded to the plastic moment capacity.

Appendix A5.5 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED

WELDED PLATE GIRDER (Compact section)

d 800 Clause

= = 133.33e > 67e

tw 6 8.4.2.2

Hence the shear strength is governed by shear buckling.

kv = 5.35

k vp 2 E

2 5.35 p 2 2 105

cr, e = d = 2 = 54.4 N/mm

2

12 ( 1 - m 2 ) 12 ( 1 - 0.3 ) ( 133.33)

2

t w

Non-dimensional web slenderness ratio,

w = f yw / ( 3 cr ,e )

= 250 / ( 3 54.4 )

= 1.63 > 1.25

Shear force corresponding to web buckling,

Vcr = Av b

Where,b = shear stress corresponding to web buckling.

When w 0.8 b = f yw / 3

b =

(

f yw / 3 )

w 1.25 b = f yw / ( 3 2 w )

b = f yw / ( )

3 1.632 = 54.4 N/mm2

Clause

Check for serviceability of the web:

8.6.1.1

When transverse stiffeners are not provided,

d

250e w

tw

yw

WELDED PLATE GIRDER (Compact section)

d = depth of the web

tw = thickness of the web Clause

c = spacing of transverse stiffener 8.6.1.1

fyw = yield stress of the web

d 800

= = 133.33e w < 200e w

tw 6

Web is adequate for serviceability.

Check for flange buckling in to web:

When transverse stiffeners are not provided. Clause

d 8.6.1.2

345 e 2f

tw

e w = 250 = 250 =1

f yf 250

d 800

= = 133.33 e 2f 345e 2f

tw 6

Hence, the web is adequate to avoid flange buckling into the web.

Appendix A5.6 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY

UN-SUPPORTED WELDED PLATE GIRDER

Calculate the design Bending strength and the design shear strength of laterally

Remarks/

supported plate girder 800-8-200-10 given Fy = 250mPa, Fu = 410mPa. The beam is Code

Provisions

subjected to uniform bending moment over the laterally un-supported length of 10m.

Section classification:

Effective length of the Plate Girder, KL = 10m

200 - 8

b = = 96 mm

2

250 250

ef = = =1

fy 250

b 96

= = 9.6 < 13.6 e (Semi-compact)

t f 10

Table 3.1

d 800

= = 100 < 105 e (Compact)

tw 8

Table 3.1

The section is classified as Semi-compact.

Section properties:

8 8003

200 103 800 10

2

12 2 2

800 83 10 2003

Iy = +

2 = 13.4 x 106 mm6

12 12

IZ

Ze = = 2432845.5 mm3

820 / 2

Zp = 2900000.0 mm3

800 83 200 103

Torsion constant, It = +

2 = 183733.3 mm4

3 3

Warping constant, Iw = 1.68 x 1012 mm6

E = 2 x 105 N/mm2 Clause

8.4.1

Moment capacity:

Elastic Critical Moment,

p 2 EI y

p 2 EI w

Mcr = GI

+

2

( KL )

2 t

( KL )

Appendix A5.6 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY

UN-SUPPORTED WELDED PLATE GIRDER

p 2 2 105 13367466.7

p 2 2 105 1.68 1012

= 0.769

105

183733.3 +

( ) ( )

2 2

10000 10000

Clause

8.2.2.1

Mcr = 111.75 kNm

LT = bb Z p f y / M cr

= Ze / Zp for Semi-Compact sections

2432845.5 1

LT = 2900000 250

2900000 111.75 106

LT = 2.33

Clause

0.4 LT = 0.09 (To account for lateral torsional buckling)

8.2.2

1

1.0

{

LT = f +

LT

0.5

f 2 LT - 2 LT

}

1 + a LT ( LT - 0.2 ) + LT 2

Where fLT = 0.5

aLT = 0.49 for welded steel section

1 + a LT ( LT - 0.2 ) + LT 2

fLT = 0.5

= 0.5

= 3.7363

1

{

LT = 3.7363 +

3.7363

2

- 2.33 2 0.5

}

= .15 < 1.0

fbd = LT fy / gmo

= 0.15 x 250 / 1.1

= 34.1 N/mm2

Design bending strength, Clause

8.2.2

2432845.5

Md = bbZpfbd = x 2900000 x 34.1 = 83 kNm

2900000

Design bending moment of the section = 83 kNm

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