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Appendix A5.

3 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED


WELDED PLATE GIRDER (slender section)

Calculate the bending strength and the shear strength of laterally supported plate Remarks /
Code
girder 800-6-200-10 given Fy = 250mPa, Fu = 410mPa. Provisions

Section classification: tf y
200 - 6
b = = 97 mm
2 x x

250 250 D
ef = = =1 tw
fy 250

b 97 y
= = 9.7 < 13.6 e (Semi-compact) Table 3.1
t f 10

d 800
= =133.33 >126 e (Slender)
tw 6
The section is classified as slender.
Design Moment capacity of the section:
The web is slender and hence it is disregarded in bending strength calculation.

200 103 800 10
2

Iz = 2 + ( 200 10 ) + = 656.1 x 106 mm4


12 2 2

IZ 656.1106
Ze = = 1600325.2 mm3
820 / 2 410
Z e f y 1600325.2 250
Myd = = = 364 kNm
g mo 1.1
Yield Moment capacity of the section = 364 kNm
Since the web is slender, it cannot be loaded to the plastic moment capacity.
Design shear strength of the section:
d 800
= = 133.33e > 67e
tw 6
Clause
Hence the shear strength is governed by shear buckling.
8.4.2.2
kv = 5.35
Appendix A5.3 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED
WELDED PLATE GIRDER (slender section)

k vp 2 E Clause
2
cr, e = d 8.4.2.2
12 ( 1 - m 2 )
t w

5.35 p 2 2 105
cr, e = = 54.4 N/mm2
12 ( 1 - 0.32 ) ( 133.33 )
2

Non-dimensional web slenderness ratio,

w = f yw / ( 3 cr ,e )
= 250 / ( 3 54.4 )
= 1.63 > 1.25
Shear force corresponding to web buckling,
Vcr = Av b
Where,b = shear stress corresponding to web buckling.

When w 0.8 b = f yw / 3

0.8 < w < 1.25 1 - 0.8 ( w - 0.8 )


b =
(
f yw / 3 )
w 1.25 b = f yw / ( 3 2 w )
b = f yw / ( )
3 1.632 = 54.4 N/mm2

Vcr = Av b = 800 x 6 x 54.4 = 261.12 kN.


Check for serviceability of the web:
When transverse stiffeners are not provided, Clause
d 8.6.1.1
250e w
tw

e w = 250 = 250 =1
f yw 250
Appendix A5.3 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED
WELDED PLATE GIRDER (slender section)

d = depth of the web


tw = thickness of the web Clause
c = spacing of transverse stiffener 8.6.1.1
fyw = yield stress of the web
d 800
= = 133.33e w < 200e w
tw 6
Web is adequate for serviceability.
Check for flange buckling in to web:
When transverse stiffeners are not provided. Clause
d 8.6.1.2
345 e 2f
tw

e w = 250 = 250 =1
f yf 250

fyw = yield stress of the flange

d 800
= = 133.33 e 2f 345e 2f
tw 6
Hence, the web is adequate to avoid flange buckling into the web.
Appendix A5.4 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED
WELDED PLATE GIRDER (Plastic section)

Calculate the bending strength and the shear strength of laterally supported plate Remarks /
Code
girder 800-10-200-12 given Fy = 250mPa, Fu = 410mPa. Provisions

Section classification:
tf y
200 - 10
b = = 95 mm
2
x x
250 250
ef = = =1 D
fy 250 tw

b 95
= = 7.92 < 8.4 e (Plastic)
t f 12 y Table 3.1

d 800
= = 80 < 84 e (Plastic)
tw 10
The section is classified as Plastic.
Design Moment capacity of the section:
The web is slender and hence it is disregarded in bending strength calculation.

200 123 800 12 10 800
2 3

Iz = 2 + ( 200 12 ) + + = 1217.94 x 106 mm4


12 2 2 12

IZ 1217.94 106
Ze = = = 2.96 x 106 mm3
824 / 2 412

t w d 2 w
Zp = f f ( w f )

b t d + t +
4


10 8002

200
Zp = 12 ( 800 + 12 )
+ 6
= 3.55 x 10 mm
3

4
Z e f y 2.96 106 250
Myd = = = 672 kNm
g mo 1.1
Z p f y 3.55 106 250 Clause
Myd = = = 807 kNm
g mo 1.1 8.4.2.2
Yield Moment capacity of the section = 807 kNm
Since the web is plastic, it can be loaded to the plastic moment capacity.
Appendix A5.4 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED
WELDED PLATE GIRDER (Plastic section)

Design shear strength of the section:


d 800 Clause
= = 133.33e > 67e
tw 6 8.4.2.2
Hence the shear strength is governed by shear buckling.
kv = 5.35
k vp 2 E
2 5.35 p 2 2 105
cr, e = d = 2 = 54.4 N/mm
2
12 ( 1 - m 2 ) 12 ( 1 - 0.3 ) ( 133.33)
2

t w
Non-dimensional web slenderness ratio,

w = f yw / ( 3 cr ,e )
= 250 / ( 3 54.4 )
= 1.63 > 1.25
Shear force corresponding to web buckling,
Vcr = Av b
Where,b = shear stress corresponding to web buckling.

When w 0.8 b = f yw / 3

0.8 < w < 1.25 1 - 0.8 ( w - 0.8 )


b =
(
f yw / 3 )
w 1.25 b = f yw / ( 3 2 w )
b = f yw / ( )
3 1.632 = 54.4 N/mm2

Vcr = Av b = 800 x 6 x 54.4 = 261.12 kN.


Clause
Check for serviceability of the web:
8.6.1.1
When transverse stiffeners are not provided,
d
250e w
tw

e w = 250 f = 250 250 =1


yw

Appendix A5.4 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED


WELDED PLATE GIRDER (Plastic section)
d = depth of the web
tw = thickness of the web Clause
c = spacing of transverse stiffener 8.6.1.1
fyw = yield stress of the web
d 800
= = 133.33e w < 200e w
tw 6
Web is adequate for serviceability.
Check for flange buckling in to web:
When transverse stiffeners are not provided. Clause
d 8.6.1.2
345 e 2f
tw

e w = 250 = 250 =1
f yf 250

fyw = yield stress of the flange

d 800
= = 133.33 e 2f 345e 2f
tw 6
Hence, the web is adequate to avoid flange buckling into the web.
Appendix A5.5 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED
WELDED PLATE GIRDER (Compact section)

Calculate the bending strength and the shear strength of laterally supported plate Remarks /
Code
girder 800-8-200-12 given Fy = 250mPa, Fu = 410mPa. Provisions

Section classification:
tf y
200 - 8
b = = 96 mm
2
x x
250 250
ef = = =1 D
fy 250 tw

b 96
= = 8 < 8.4 e (Plastic)
t f 12 y Table 3.1

d 800
= =100 < 105 e (Compact)
tw 8
The section is classified as Compact.
Design Moment capacity of the section:

200 123 800 12 8 800
2 3

Iz = 2 + ( 200 12 ) + + = 1132.60 x 106 mm4


12 2 2 12

IZ 1132.60 106
Ze = = = 2.75 x 106 mm3
824 / 2 412

t w d 2 w
Zp =
b t
f f ( d w + t ) +
f
4


8 8002

200
Zp = 12 ( 800 + 12 )
+ = 3.23 x 106 mm3
4
Z e f y 2.75 106 250
Myd = = = 625 kNm
g mo 1.1
Z p f y 3.23 106 250
Myd = = = 734 kNm
g mo 1.1 Clause
Yield Moment capacity of the section = 734 kNm 8.4.2.2
Since the web is compact, it can be loaded to the plastic moment capacity.
Appendix A5.5 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED
WELDED PLATE GIRDER (Compact section)

Design shear strength of the section:


d 800 Clause
= = 133.33e > 67e
tw 6 8.4.2.2
Hence the shear strength is governed by shear buckling.
kv = 5.35
k vp 2 E
2 5.35 p 2 2 105
cr, e = d = 2 = 54.4 N/mm
2
12 ( 1 - m 2 ) 12 ( 1 - 0.3 ) ( 133.33)
2

t w
Non-dimensional web slenderness ratio,

w = f yw / ( 3 cr ,e )
= 250 / ( 3 54.4 )
= 1.63 > 1.25
Shear force corresponding to web buckling,
Vcr = Av b
Where,b = shear stress corresponding to web buckling.

When w 0.8 b = f yw / 3

0.8 < w < 1.25 1 - 0.8 ( w - 0.8 )


b =
(
f yw / 3 )
w 1.25 b = f yw / ( 3 2 w )
b = f yw / ( )
3 1.632 = 54.4 N/mm2

Vcr = Av b = 800 x 6 x 54.4 = 261.12 kN.


Clause
Check for serviceability of the web:
8.6.1.1
When transverse stiffeners are not provided,
d
250e w
tw

e w = 250 f = 250 250 =1


yw

Appendix A5.5 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY SUPPORTED


WELDED PLATE GIRDER (Compact section)
d = depth of the web
tw = thickness of the web Clause
c = spacing of transverse stiffener 8.6.1.1
fyw = yield stress of the web
d 800
= = 133.33e w < 200e w
tw 6
Web is adequate for serviceability.
Check for flange buckling in to web:
When transverse stiffeners are not provided. Clause
d 8.6.1.2
345 e 2f
tw

e w = 250 = 250 =1
f yf 250

fyw = yield stress of the flange

d 800
= = 133.33 e 2f 345e 2f
tw 6
Hence, the web is adequate to avoid flange buckling into the web.
Appendix A5.6 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY
UN-SUPPORTED WELDED PLATE GIRDER

Calculate the design Bending strength and the design shear strength of laterally
Remarks/
supported plate girder 800-8-200-10 given Fy = 250mPa, Fu = 410mPa. The beam is Code
Provisions
subjected to uniform bending moment over the laterally un-supported length of 10m.
Section classification:
Effective length of the Plate Girder, KL = 10m
200 - 8
b = = 96 mm
2
250 250
ef = = =1
fy 250

b 96
= = 9.6 < 13.6 e (Semi-compact)
t f 10
Table 3.1
d 800
= = 100 < 105 e (Compact)
tw 8
Table 3.1
The section is classified as Semi-compact.
Section properties:


8 8003
200 103 800 10
2

Iz = + 2 12 + ( 200 10 ) + = 997.5 x 106 mm6


12 2 2


800 83 10 2003
Iy = +
2 = 13.4 x 106 mm6
12 12
IZ
Ze = = 2432845.5 mm3
820 / 2
Zp = 2900000.0 mm3

800 83 200 103
Torsion constant, It = +
2 = 183733.3 mm4
3 3
Warping constant, Iw = 1.68 x 1012 mm6
E = 2 x 105 N/mm2 Clause
8.4.1
Moment capacity:
Elastic Critical Moment,


p 2 EI y

p 2 EI w


Mcr = GI
+
2
( KL )

2 t
( KL )


Appendix A5.6 DESIGN BENDING STRENGTH OF LATERALLY
UN-SUPPORTED WELDED PLATE GIRDER


p 2 2 105 13367466.7

p 2 2 105 1.68 1012


= 0.769
105
183733.3 +

( ) ( )
2 2


10000 10000

Clause
8.2.2.1
Mcr = 111.75 kNm

LT = bb Z p f y / M cr

where bb = 1.0 for Plastic and Compact sections


= Ze / Zp for Semi-Compact sections

2432845.5 1
LT = 2900000 250
2900000 111.75 106
LT = 2.33
Clause
0.4 LT = 0.09 (To account for lateral torsional buckling)
8.2.2
1
1.0
{
LT = f +
LT
0.5
f 2 LT - 2 LT
}
1 + a LT ( LT - 0.2 ) + LT 2
Where fLT = 0.5

aLT = 0.49 for welded steel section
1 + a LT ( LT - 0.2 ) + LT 2
fLT = 0.5

1 + 0.49 ( 2.33 - 0.2 ) + 2.332


= 0.5

= 3.7363
1

{
LT = 3.7363 +
3.7363

2
- 2.33 2 0.5

}
= .15 < 1.0
fbd = LT fy / gmo
= 0.15 x 250 / 1.1
= 34.1 N/mm2
Design bending strength, Clause
8.2.2
2432845.5
Md = bbZpfbd = x 2900000 x 34.1 = 83 kNm
2900000
Design bending moment of the section = 83 kNm