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# Mathematical Methods 2005 Trial Examination 1

Part I

Multiple-choice questions (27 marks)
y

Question 1 The function represented by the graph on the right is A.

f : R → R, f ( x ) = f

B. C.

f f f

D. E.

b x+b a b : [− a,0] → R, f (x ) = − x − b a b : [a,0] → R, f (x ) = − x + b a b : [a, b] → R, f (x ) = − x + b a a : [0, b] → R, f ( x ) = x + b b

a

0

x

b

Question 2 The quartic represented by the graph on the right has

y

A. B. C. D. E.

2 turning points and 1 inflection point 1 turning point and 2 inflection points 1 turning point and 1 inflection point 2 turning points and 2 inflection points 2 stationary points and 1 inflection point

0

x

Question 3

Which one of the following correctly describes the asymptotic behaviour of −1 y= + 3 , x < −2 ? x+2

A. B. C. D. E.

As As As As As

x → −∞ , y → 0 x → −2 , y → −∞ x → 2 , y → +∞ x → +∞ , y → 3 x → −∞ , y → 3

Question 4 The domain and range of f ( x ) = A log e ( x + b ) + B are respectively

A. B. C. D. E.

[b, ∞ ) , (− ∞, B ] (− b, ∞ ) , R [− b, ∞ ) , R (b, ∞ ) , (− ∞, B ) R, (b, ∞ )

2

Question 5 The graph of y = f ( x ) is shown on the right. •

y 2 x

–1 0 Which one of the following is the graph of y = −( f (x − 1) − 2 ) ? y A. y B. y C. 0 0•
• 0 –2

x

x

x

–4 •

D. –2

y 0 x

E. 0•

y x

–4

y
Question 6 The graph of the inverse function f
−1

is shown on the right.

0

x

Which one of the following is the graph of the original function f ? A. y B. y C. 0 0 x 0 x y x

D.

y

E.

y

0

x

0

x

3

Question 7 The graph of y = A cos(a ( x + b )) + B , for 0 ≤ x ≤

2π and a, b, A, B ∈ R + , cuts the x-axis more a

than once if A.
A< B

B.

a<b

C.

A>B

D.

a>b

E.

A ≥1 B

Question 8 The number of solutions of the equation sin ax = − cos ax , where 0 ≤ x ≤ π and a is a positive interger, is

A. a

B. 2a

C. 0

D. 1

E. 2

Question 9 The derivative of log e (ax ) is
2

A.

2 , x ∈ R+ x

B.

2 , x ∈ R+ ax

C.

2 , x ∈ R \ {0} ax

D.

2 , x ∈ R \ {0} x

E.

undefined

Question 10 The graph of f ( x ) is shown on the right.

y

0 The graph of f ′(x ) is most likely to be A.
y

x

B.

y

C.

y

0

x

0

x

0

x

D.

y

E. 0

y x

0

x

4

Question 11 Given g ( x ) = e − x f (x ) , the point (a, g (a )) is a stationary point if

A.

f ′(a ) = − f (a )

B.

f ′(a ) = f (a )

C.

e −a = 0

D.

e −a = 1

E.

f ′(a ) = 0

Question 12 The best approximation of the gradient of the tangent to the curve y =

x + sin x at x = π is 2π ( x − sin x ) E. 1.27

A. – 0.127

B. – 0.125

C. – 0.120

D. 1.25

Question 13 For the function f ( x ) = x 2 e −cos

1− x 2

, the rate of change with respect to x is positive in the interval C.

A.

[− 1,1]

B.

(− 1,1)

[0,1]

D.

[0,1)
in exact form is

E.

(0,1)

Question 14 Using f (a + h ) ≈ f (a ) + hf ′(a ) , the estimated value of sin

π
5

A.

30 + π 3 60

B.

10 + 3 20

C.

683 1000

D.

427 625
y

E.

59 100

Question 15 The graph of y = f ( x ) is shown on the right.

Which one of the following is a possible graph of y = A.
y

∫ f (x )dx ?
C.

0

x

B.

y

y

0 0
x

x

0

x

D.

y

E.

y

0

x

0

x

5

Question 16

y

0

x

The curve shown above is the graph of y = 16 − ( x − 4 ) . Using right rectangles of 2-unit width for approximation the area between the curve and the x-axis in exact form is
2

A.

82+ 3

(

)

B.

81+ 3

(

)

C.

2 4+3 3

(

)

D. 25

E.

Question 17 Given f ( x ) = F ′( x ) ,
F ′(0 ) − F ′(a )

∫ f (x )dx is equal to
0

a

A.

B.

F ′(a ) − F ′(0 )
−1

C.

F (0 ) − F (a )

D.

F (a ) − F (0 )

E. F (a )

Question 18 An antiderivative of (ax + 1) − (ax + 1) , where ax + 1 > 0 , is
2

A.
B. C. D. E.

(ax + 1)3
3 (ax + 1)3 3a

(ax + 1)3 log e (ax + 1) −

3a log e (ax + 1) (ax + 1)3 − + 2a 3a a − log e (ax + 1) (ax + 1)3 − a 3a

Question 19 Given
c−2

∫ f (x)dx = c where c ∈ R
0

1

+

and g ( x ) = 2 f ( x + 1) − 1 , the value of
2c − 1 2c + 1

−1

∫ g (x )dx is equal to
E.
c −1

0

A.

B.

c+2

C.

D.

Question 20 The solution(s) of log e ( x + 7 ) + log e ( x − 7 ) = 0 is/are

A. – 7, 7

B. 0

C.

−5 2, 5 2

D.

−5 2

E.

5 2
6

Question 21 If f ( x ) =

1 x −1 e + 2 and x ≥ 1 , then the inverse of f (x ) is 2
x>2

A.

f f

−1
−1

(x ) = log e (x − 2) + 1 ,
(x ) = log e

B. C. D. E.

x −1 + 2, x >1 2 f −1 ( x ) = log e 2( x − 2) + 1 , x ≥ 2.5 f
−1
−1

(x ) = log e 2(x − 2) + 1 ,

x>2

f

(x ) = log e

x−2 +2, x > 2 2

Question 22 The seventh row in Pascal’s triangle is “1 6 15 20 15 6 1”. The entry 15 is a factor of the coefficient of the

A. B. C. D. E.

x 3 term in the expansion of (ax + b )
x 3 term in the expansion of (ax + b ) x 3 term in the expansion of (ax + b )

7

6

5

x 2 term in the expansion of (ax − b )
x 2 term in the expansion of (ax − b )

7

6

Question 23 Which one of the following is a discrete random variable?

A. B. C. D. E.

Getting 2 tails in tossing a coin 5 times Volume of soft drink in an unopened 375ml can The sum is 5 when 2 dice are rolled at the same time The number of times that the sum is 5 in rolling 2 dice together 5 times The chance that your answer is correct

Question 24 The following table shows a probability distribution.

x
Pr ( X = x )

0 1 7

1 1 6

2 1 5

3 p

4 1 3

The values of p and E ( X ) are respectively A. 11 83 , 70 35 B. 1 ,2 4 C. 11 ,2 70 D. 1 53 , 4 20 E. 0.16, 2

Question 25 In rolling a fair die once the mean and variance of the number of times that 5 occurs are respectively

A.

1 5 , 2 36

B.

5 5 , 6 6

C.

5 5 , 6 36

D.

1 5 , 6 6

E.

1 5 , 6 36
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Question 26 A bag contains 3 red, 4 blue and 5 green marbles. 6 marbles are randomly taken out at the same time. The probability that 3 of them are red is

A. 1

B.

1 2

C.

1 4

D.

1 9

E.

1 11

Question 27

pf pf

0.95 0 3.5 7.5 11.5 X – 1.3 0 Z

The above graphs show the normal distribution of random variable X and the standard normal distribution. The value of X that corresponds to Z = −1.3 is A. 2.3 B. 4.4 C. 4.9 D. 10.1 E. – 4.4

Part II

Question 1

The cubic function f ( x ) = 2 x 3 − 6 x 2 + 6 x can be changed to the form f ( x ) = a( x − b ) + c .
3

a.

Find the values of a, b and c.

b. Hence sketch the graph of g ( x ) = Question 2

f (x ) − c . ( x − b )2 2 + 2 = 4 marks

Consider the quadratic function {( x, y ) : y = x 2 + 1}.
a. b. c. d.

State why the inverse function of {(x, y ) : y = x 2 + 1} does not exist? Write down the inverse of {(x, y ) : y = x 2 + 1}. Write down a function that is a subset of the inverse of {( x, y ) : y = x 2 + 1}. Sketch the graph of the function in part c. 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 4 marks

Question 3 a. Without using calculator solve e 2 x +1 − e x +1 − 2e = 0 for x. Write answer in exact form. b. Use calculator to solve e 2 x = e 2 x for x, correct to 3 decimal places.

2 + 1 = 3 marks
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Question 4

Imagine the graph of the function with equation y =

3 ⎛ ⎛π 3 ⎜ sin⎜ 2 ⎜ ⎜ 4 ⎝ ⎝

⎞ ⎞ 8 3 x ⎟ + 1⎟ , 0 ≤ x ≤ . ⎟ ⎟ 3 ⎠ ⎠

a. Calculate the exact distance between the maximum and minimum points of the function. b. Find the exact x-coordinate of a point of the function where the gradient of the tangent is equal to the gradient of the line segment joining the maximum and minimum points. 2 + 2 = 4 marks Question 5

The following diagram shows the graph of the function with equation y = log e x . y

0

1

e

x

a.

On the diagram above sketch accurately the graph of the inverse of the function with equation y = log e x . Write down the equation of the inverse.

b. Hence use calculus to find the exact value of

∫ log
1

e

e

xdx .

2 + 2 = 4 marks
Question 6

If you picked all your answers randomly in Part I: Multiple-choice questions, what would be the probability (3 decimal places) that more than a third of the total number of questions were correct? b. Give a reason why the normal distribution approximation would or would not be a good method in finding the probability in part a. Justify your answer by finding the probability (3 decimal places) using normal approximation. 2 + 2 = 4 marks
a.

End of trial examination 1

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