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CHEMISTRY EXAM DRILL I turned red after ten seconds.

What type of compound is


it?
1. Which of the following is not a physical property? a. acid c. salt
a. the ductility of a metal b. base d. any of them
b. the hardness of a metal
c. the freezing point of a liquid 13. When a candle is lighted, it melts. The wax then
d. the corrosiveness of an acid vaporizes. Finally, it burns. Which is the correct order of
changes that took place?
2. Which statement describes a chemical property? a. chemical, physical, physical
a. Hemoglobin molecules have red color b. physical, chemical, chemical
b. Water boils below 1000C on top of a mountain c. physical, physical, chemical
c. Fertilizers help increase the agricultural production d. chemical, chemical, chemical
d. When ice cubes are left on the table, it gradually
melts. 14. A covalent bond is formed when
a. electrons are gained by an atom
3. Which is an example of a chemical change b. electrons are given up by an atom
a. boiling of water c. melting of butter c. electrons are shared between atoms
b. souring of milk d. dissolving salt in water d. electrons are given up by one atom and taken in by
another
4. Which is an example of a physical change?
a. rusting of iron c. lighting a matchstick 15. Which of the following bonds is polar covalent?
b. ripening of mango d. dissolving sugar in water a. F F c. Na Cl
b. Be Cl d. C O
5. How will you distinguish between an acid and a base?
a. test with litmus paper 16. What is the molecular of methane (CH4)?
b. compare their density a. trigonal planar c. square planar
c. compare their boiling point b. tetrahedral d. linear
d. test for the solubility of water
17. All of the following elements will have the tendency to
6. Which of the following is an example of an intensive give up electrons to be stable except
property? a. Aluminum c. Calcium
a. density c. volume b. Chlorine d. Potassium
b. mass d. length
18. A solid was heated, and decomposed into black solid
7. What do you call a mixture that scatters light passing and white smoke. What is the solid that was heated?
through it? a. metal c. mixture
a. Solution c. suspension b. element d. compound
b. colloid d. all of them
19. The mass of an atom is attributed to
8. Ernest Rutherford is credited for the discovery of the a. protons and neutrons c. electrons and neutrons
atomic nucleus. What do you call the experiment he b. protons and electrons d. protons only
conducted that led to the nuclear model of the atom?
a. oil drop experiment 20. The common name of hydrochloric acid is muriatic acid.
b. alpha scattering experiment What is the chemical name for baking soda?
c. gold foil experiment a. sodium bicarbonate c. sodium carbonate
d. both b and c b. sodium hydroxide d.calcium carbonate

9. Some cough syrup are shaken first before they are 21. Which of the following has the greatest number of
used. What characterizes these products? nitrogen atoms?
a. solution c. suspension a. NH4NO3 c. (NH4)3PO4
b. colloid d. mixture b. HNO3 d. Ca(NO3)2

10. All of the following are characteristics of an ionic bond 22. Colloids maybe dispersed in a gas, liquid, or solid.
except Which of the following colloidal systems show a liquid
a. involves sharing of electrons dispersed in a gas medium?
b. stronger than a covalent bond a. clouds c. paint
c. the components joined by the bonds are ions b. smoke d. beaten egg white
d. ions are held by electrostatic forces of attraction
23. What is the correct chemical name of P4O10?
11. Which of the following is true of the element 17X35. a. diphosphorus pentoxide
a. element X has 17 neutrons b. tetraphosphorus decoxide
b. element X has 18 protons c. phosphorus oxide
c. element x has 17 electrons d. phosphorus oxyacid
d. element X has 17 neutrons and 18 protons
24. Which of the following acid groups is found in vinegar?
12. Louise wanted to know the nature of carbonated drink. a. nitric acid c. sulfuric acid
She used a blue litmus paper. She observed that it b. acetic acid d. ascorbic acid
25. How do solutions differ from compounds? 35. What would be the chemical formula of the compound
a. solutions are heterogeneous mixtures; compounds formed between Mg and S?
are homogeneous. a. MgS c. Mg2S
b. solutions vary in composition; compounds have b. MgS2 d. MgS3
definite composition
c. solutions have definite composition; compounds 36. The generalized electron configuration of this group of
vary in composition elements is [Noble Gas] ns2np5. Identify its group and
d. solutions are formed in chem. reactions; family.
compounds combine physically a. Group VII and Family A
b. Group V and Family A
26. The electron configuration of an atom of element X in c. Group II and Family B
the ground state is 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p1. Which d. Group I and Family B
of the following elements represents this?
a. 48Cd c. 31Ga 37. An atom of non metallic chlorine has mass number of
b. 35Br d. 27Co 35 and 18 neutrons in the nucleus. The anion derived
from the atom has 18 electrons. What is the symbol of
27. Lithium, sodium, and potassium are alkali metals the anion?
belonging to Group 1A. What is the valence electron of a. Cl1+ c. Cl0
these elements? b. Cl1- d. Cl2-
a. 1 c. 3
b. 2 d. 4 38. Which of the following is an endothermic process?
a. condensing of steam c. freezing of water
28. If two atoms that differ in electronegativity combine by b. subliming of mothballs d. all of them
chemical reaction and sharing of electrons, the bond
that joins them will be 39. What happens to the volume of an ideal gas if both the
a. ionic bond c. nonpolar covalent pressure and the volume are doubled?
b. polar covalent d. metallic bond a. double c. halved
b. quadruple d. remains the same
29. What is the correct chemical name of Ca(ClO3)2?
a. Calcium chlorate c. Calcium (II) chlorate 40. Which of the following chemical equations is correctly
b. Calcium chloride d. Calcium chlorite balanced?
a. 2Zn + 6HCl ZnCl2 + 3H2
30. Which of the following statements about the atoms of b. 2H2SO4 + 6NaOH 2Na2SO4 + 3H2O
isotopes is true? c. 2Mg + 6H2SO4 2MgSO4 + 3H2
a. they have different number of protons and neutrons d. 2Al + 6HNO3 2Al(NO3)3 + 3H2
b. they have the same number of protons and
neutrons 41. Plumbic oxide (PbO2) is a compound used in the lead
c. they have the same number of proton but different acid batteries of automobiles. What is the valence
number of neutron number of the lead in the formula?
d. they have the same number of neutron but different a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4
number of proton
42. What is the molar mass in g/mol of Ca(ClO3)2?
31. Who discovered in 1932 the electrically neutral particle a. 205 b. 206 c. 207 d. 208
called neutron?
a. Joseph Thomson c. Robert Millikan 43. Carbon disulfide is a nonpolar molecule. Its central
b. James Chadwick d. Eugen Goldstein atom is carbon. Using VSEPR, what is its shape?
a. linear c. tetrahedral
32. Which of the following represents a mole? b. trigonal planar d. bent
a. 3.01 x 1023 gold atoms
b. 12.4 x 1023 H2O molecules 44. Which of the following molecules has a tetrahedral
c. 27 g aluminum metal shape?
d. 44.00 g of CO2 molecules a. XeF4 c. AsF5
b. BF3 d. CF4
33. What gas law states that the absolute pressure is
inversely proportional to the volume of a gas? 45. Which of the following pairs of elements is likely to form
a. Boyles Law an ionic compound?
b. Charles Law a. I and Cl c. Cl and Cl
c. Gay Lussacs Law b. Al and N d. Mg and F

34. Which of the following statements about boiling is true? 46. During chemical changes or chemical reactions, which
a. The normal boiling point of water is 1000C particles are gained, lost, or shared?
b. Water boils when vapor pressure becomes equal to a. protons inside the nucleus
atmospheric pressure b. neutrons inside the nucleus
c. The boiling temperature increases as the c. electrons in the outermost energy level
atmospheric pressure increases. d. electrons in the innermost energy level
d. All of the above.
47. Hydrogen peroxide has been used as a rocket d. salt naturally has a lower freezing point than water
propellant. If the chemical formula of hydrogen peroxide
is H2O2, what is its empirical formula? 59. Adding sodium chloride to water raises the boiling point
a. H2O c. H2O2 of water because
b. HO d. HO2 a. the energy of hydration is higher
b. sodium chloride has a higher boiling point
48. Cooper is being used in jewelry making. How many c. sodium chloride ions occupy space at the water
atoms are there in 2 moles of copper? surface
a. 12.04 x 1022 c. 1.204 x 1024 d. sodium chloride ions have stronger ion ion bonds
b. 1.204 x 10 23 d. 12.04 x 1024 than water

49. The spoilage of meat is delayed when kept in the 60. Which of the following will conduct an electric current?
refrigerator because the cold temperature a. pure water
a. keeps the flies insects away b. a water solution of a covalent compound
b. slows down the action of bacteria c. a water solution of an ionic compound
c. changes the color and odor of meat d. none of the above
d. turns the water component to ice
61. According to the activity series for metals, adding
50. Who discovered the magnitude of the charge of the metallic iron to a solution of aluminum chloride should
electron? result in
a. Joseph Thomson c. Robert Millikan a. a solution of iron chloride and metallic aluminum
b. James Chadwick d. Eugene Goldstein b. a mixed solution of iron and aluminum chloride
c. the formation of iron hydroxide with hydrogen given
51. Isomers are compounds with the same off
a. molecular formula with different structures d. no metal replacement reaction
b. molecular formula with different atomic masses
c. atoms, but different molecular formulas 62. What do rusting and combustion have in common?
d. structures, but different formulas a. neither involve the reduction of a substance
b. they are both examples of oxidation
52. The hydrocarbons with a double covalent carbon c. they are both impeded by the presence of water
carbon bond are called d. they are the reverse processes and so they share
a. alkanes c. alkynes nothing in common
b. alkenes d. none of them
63. Energy is required to break apart a chemical bond to
53. According to their definitions, which of the following overcome
would not occur as unsaturated hydrocarbon? a. gravitational forces of attraction
a. alkanes c. alkynes b. nuclear forces of attraction
b. alkenes d. none of them c. electrical forces of attration
d. It is not! Energy is released.
54. What is the proof of a wine cooler that is 5 % alcohol
by volume? 64. Which type of molecular attraction is considered the
a. 2.5 proof c. 10 proof strongest?
b. 5 proof d. 50 proof a. Ion dipole
b. dipole dipole
55. A solution that is able to resist changes in the pH when c. dipole induced dipole
small amounts of an acid or base are added is called a
a. neutral solution c. buffer solution 65. Water is considered a polar compound because
b. saturated solution d. balanced solution a. each molecule consists of fewer than 10 atoms
b. it has a strong attraction to magnets
56. A substance that ionizes completely into hydronium ions c. one side is slightly negative while the other side is
is known as a slightly positive
a. strong acid c. strong base d. it is found in its frozen state in both arctic and
b. weak acid d. weak base Antarctic regions of our planet

57. When a solution of an acid and a base are mixed 66. What type of bonds generally involve nonmetal atoms?
together, a. covalent bonds
a. a salt and water are formed b. ionic bonds
b. they lose their acid and base properties c. none of them
c. both are neutralized
d. all of the above are correct 67. The atoms of elements toward the bottom of any group
in the periodic table tend to be
58. Salt solutions freeze at a lower temperature than pure a. smaller because in the increase of the nuclear
water because charge
a. more ionic bonds are present b. smaller because of the decrease in the probability
b. salt solutions have higher vapor pressure cloud density
c. ions get in the way of water molecules trying to form c. larger because of a greater number of occupied
ice shells
d. larger because of the decrease in nuclear charge b. 54.5 g d. 330 g

68. Salts are made of elements found on opposite ends of 76. How many liters of O2 are needed to produce 20 L of
the periodic table because CO2 at STP?
a. elements on the left end tend to form positive ions a. 10 L c. 22.4 L
while those on the right tend to form negative ions b. 20 L d. 40 L
b. elements on the left tend to form negative ions while
those on the right tend to form positive ions 77. How many grams of water are produced from the
c. elements on opposite ends of the periodic table combustion of 56 L CH4 at STP?
have similar arrangements of electrons a. 45 g c. 90 g
d. False. Salts are generally made of elements found b. 63 g d. 126 g
on the same side of the periodic table.
78. The products of the double replacement reaction
69. Osmosis is the process whereby between barium nitrate and hydrochloric acid are
a. water flows across a semipermeable membrane a. BaCl and HNO3 c. BaCl2 and HNO3
from regions of high to low solute concentrations b. BaCl2 and HNO2 d. BaCl and HNO2
b. water flows across a semipermeable membrane
from regions of low to high solute concentrations 79. An element undergoes oxidation when it
c. solutes flow across a semipermeable membrane a. increases in oxidation number
from regions of high to oow solute concentrations b. decreases in oxidation number
d. solutes flow across a semipermeable membrane c. gains electrons
from regions of low to high solute concentrations d. loses protons

70. Calculate the molarity of 4.008g sodium hydroxide 80. The reaction of sulfur trioxide with water to form sulfuric
flakes dissolved in 1000 mL water. acid is an example of
a. 0.1 M c. 4.0 M a. combination reaction
b. 1.0 M d. 40 M b. decomposition reaction
c. single replacement reaction
71. Sterling silver contains 93.5% silver. If a necklace made d. double replacement reaction
of sterling silver weighs 15 g, what is the mass of the
silver dissolved contained in the necklace? For numbers 81 and 82, consider the following:
a. 1.6 g c. 9.0 g
b. 6.2 g d. 14.0 g A compound was analyzed to contain 43.6% P and 56.4% O.

72. What is the percent by volume of 94 mL of ethyl alcohol 81. The empirical formula of the compound is
present in 375 mL of beer? a. PO3 c. PO4
a. 9.4 c. 37 b. P2O5 d. P3O7
b. 25 d. 40
82. If the molecular mass of the compound is 284 g/mol, the
73. A yellowish solution extracted from a leaf has a pH of 8. molecular formula is
How would you describe the solution extract? a. P4O12 c. P3O12
a. Acidic c. saturated b. P44O56 d. P4O10
b. basic d. supersaturated
83. Which of these elements has the smallest atomic
74. How do viscosity and surface tension of liquids change radius?
as temperature increases? a. I c. Rb
a. Viscosity decreases with increasing temperature. b. Na d. Cl
Surface tension increases with an increase in
temperature. 84. Which of the following elements is the most metallic?
b. Viscosity increases with increasing temperature. a. O c. Se
Surface tension decreases with an increase in b. Ca d. Be
temperature.
c. Viscosity and surface tension increase with 85. Which of the following elements has the highest
increasing temperature. ionization energy?
d. Viscosity and surface tension decrease with a. Li c. Kr
increasing temperature. b. Ne d. K

For numbers 75 77, consider the following reaction. 86. The differentiating electron of chlorine is added to a
a. 3p7 c. 7p5
The complete combustion of methane, CH4, can be b. 7p3 d. 3p5
represented by the equation:
87. Which of the following elements belong to the d block
CH4 (g) + 2O2 (g) CO2 (g) + 2H2O (g) of the periodic table?
a. Mg c. Al
75. How many grams of CO2 are formed from the b. Sc d. Kr
combustion of 120 g of methane?
a. 43.6 g c. 264 g
88. Sublevels are filled up in increasing energies. This b. Cobalt 60 d. Uranium 235
statement explains the
a. Hunds rule 99. Which of the following molecules in non polar?
b. Aufbau principle a. NH3 c. CCl4
c. Paulis exclusion principle b. H2O d. all of them are non polar
d. Heisenbergs uncertainty principle
100. Which is true about ionic compounds?
89. The maximum number of electrons that the third a. soluble in water
principal energy level can contain is b. do not conduct electricity
a. 8 c. 18 c. formed by electron sharing
b. 10 d. 32 d. have low melting and boiling points

90. The azimuthal quantum number of the differentiating


electron of phosphorus 31P15 is
a. 0 c. +1
b. 1 d. 2

91. No two electrons can have the same set of four


quantum numbers. This statement is known as
a. de Broglies principle
b. Paulis exclusion principle
c. Heisenbergs uncertainty principle
d. Hunds rule of maximum multiplicity

92. The maximum number of electrons in the f sublevel is


a. 6 c. 10
b. 8 d. 14

For numbers 93 95, consider the following set of four


quantum numbers:

n = 4, l = 2, m = +1, s =

93. The electron which has the given set of quantum


numbers occupies sublevel
a. s c. d
b. p d. f

94. The orbital configuration of the electron is


a. 4d4 c. 4d9
b. 4p 3 d. 4p5

95. The set of four quantum numbers is the PIN of the


a. 33rd electron c. 42nd electron
b. 40th electron d. 47th electron

96. What did the alpha scattering experiment reveal?


a. The atom is made up of a very small, massive, and
positively charged nucleus.
b. The atom consists of negative charges embedded
in a sphere of positive charges.
c. The electrons are negatively charged particles.
d. The protons are in the nucleus.

97. Which of the following is an assumption of Daltons


atomic theory?
a. Atoms of an element have different masses.
b. When atoms combine to form compounds, they do
so in ratios of small whole numbers
c. An atom consists of a very small, positively charged
nucleus
d. An atom is a sphere of positively charged material
in which the detachable electrons are embedded

98. Which of these isotopes is used in detecting a


malfunction of the thyroid gland?
a. Iodine 131 c. Carbon 14
66. A
1. D 67. C
2. C 68. A
3. B 69. B
4. D 70. A
5. A 71. D
6. A 72. B
7. B 73. B
8. D 74. D
9. B 75. D
10. A 76. D
11. C 77. C
12. A 78. C
13. C 79. A
14. C 80. A
15. D 81. B
16. B 82. D
17. B 83. D
18. D 84. B
19. A 85. B
20. A 86. D
21. C 87. B
22. A 88. B
23. B 89. C
24. B 90. C
25. B 91. B
26. C 92. D
27. A 93. C
28. B 94. C
29. A 95.
30. C 96. A
31. B 97. B
32. D 98. A
33. A 99. C
34. D 100.
35. A
36. A
37. B
38. D
39. D
40. D
41. D
42. C
43. A
44. D
45. D
46. C
47. B
48. C
49. B
50. A
51. B
52. A
53. C
54. C
55. A
56. D
57. D
58. D
59. C
60. C
61. D
62. B
63. C
64. A
65. C