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ANSI/AWWA D107-10

(First Edition)

The Authoritative Resource on Safe Water

AWWA Standard

Composite
Elevated Tanks for
Water Storage

SM

Effective date: Dec. 1, 2010.


This first edition approved by AWWA Board of Directors Jan. 17, 2010.
Approved by American National Standards Institute Aug. 5, 2010.

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AWWA Standard
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Printed in USA

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Copyright 2011 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved.
Committee Personnel
The AWWA Standards Committee on Composite Elevated Tanks, which reviewed and approved
this standard, had the following personnel at the time of approval:

Ronald V. Conway, Chair


Edwin A. Smith, Co-Chair

General Interest Members

J.M. Conners, VE Collective Inc., Richmond Hill, Ont. (AWWA)


R.J. Casale,* Standards Council Liaison, American Water, Voorhees, N.J. (AWWA)
R.V. Conway, Birkhoff, Hendricks, & Conway LLP, Dallas, Texas (AWWA)
W.J. Dixon, Dixon Engineering Inc., Lake Odessa, Mich. (AWWA)
T.O. Dubcak, Providence Environmental Consulting Inc., Georgetown, Texas (AWWA)
F.S. Kurtz,* Standards Engineer Liaison, AWWA, Denver, Colo. (AWWA)
D.L. Lampman, AECOM Canada Ltd., St. Catharines, Ont. (AWWA)
S.W. Meier, Tank Industry Consultants Inc., Indianapolis, Ind. (AWWA)

G.B. Rest, OBrien & Gere Engineers Inc., Hyattsville, Md. (AWWA)
J.E. Rudina, Mazda Consultants Inc., St. Paul, Minn. (AWWA)
E.A. Smith, Jacobs Engineering Group Inc., Dallas, Texas (AWWA)
R.S. Wozniak, Bow Tech Ltd., Batavia, Ill. (AWWA)

Producer Members

K.A. Binder, CB&I Inc., Clive, Iowa (AWWA)


C. Lamon, Landmark Structures Inc., Fort Worth, Texas (AWWA)
R. Pawski, Landmark Structures Inc., Wheaton, Ill. (AWWA)
D.L. Stilger, Caldwell Tanks Inc., Louisville, Ky. (AWWA)

User Members

R.E. McCuller, City of Grand Prairie, Grand Prairie, Texas (AWWA)

* Liaison, nonvoting
Alternate

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Copyright 2011 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved.


Contents
All AWWA standards follow the general format indicated subsequently. Some variations from this
format may be found in a particular standard.
SEC. PAGE SEC. PAGE

Foreword 1.3 Application......................................... 1


I Introduction...................................... ix 1.4 Drawings, Calculations, and
I.A Background....................................... ix Instructions.................................. 2
I.B History.............................................. ix 1.5 Quality Assurance.............................. 2
I.C Acceptance........................................ ix 1.6 Equivalence Between US Customary
II Special Issues...................................... x Units and SI-Metric Units of
Nonhomogeneous Equations........ 2
II.A Applicable Building Codes................. x
II.B Personnel Safety Standards................ xi 2 References......................................... 4
II.C Special Loading Conditions.............. xi 3 Definitions........................................ 7
II.D Professional Engineer
4 General Requirements for
Certification................................ xi
Analysis and Design

II.E Inspection and Maintenance............. xi


4.1 General.............................................. 8
II.F Cold Climates................................... xi
4.2 Design Loads................................... 11
II.G Use of Interior Space......................... xi
4.3 Analysis and Design......................... 50
II.H Aesthetics.......................................... xi
II.I Structural Evaluation....................... xii 5 Steel Tank

III Use of This Standard........................ xii 5.1 General............................................ 52

III.A General............................................ xii 5.2 Material Requirements..................... 53

III.B Specifying ANSI/AWWA D107...... xiii 5.3 Analysis and Design......................... 54

III.C Modification to Standard................ xiii 5.4 Fabrication and Construction


Requirements............................. 61
IV Major Revisions............................... xiii
V Comments...................................... xiii 6 Concrete Support Structure
6.1 General........................................... 64
Standard
6.2 Material Requirements..................... 65
1 General 6.3 Analysis and Design......................... 65
1.1 Scope................................................. 1 6.4 Fabrication and Construction
1.2 Purpose.............................................. 1 Requirements............................. 70

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Copyright 2011 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved.
7 Foundations Appendixes
7.1 General............................................ 73 A Commentary.................................... 99

7.2 Material Requirements..................... 74 B Information Provided by


Purchaser................................. 139
7.3 Analysis and Design......................... 74
C Recommendations for Geotechnical
7.4 Fabrication and Construction
Investigation............................. 143
Requirements............................. 76

8 Accessories Figures
8.1 General............................................ 79 1 Region-Dependent Transition Period
for Longer-Period Ground
8.2 Ladders............................................ 80
Motion TL................................. 12
8.3 Platforms and Railings..................... 80
2 Basic Wind Speed Vb
8.4 Access Openings.............................. 81
(from ASCE 7)........................... 18
8.5 Permanent Rigging Devices............. 82
3 Mapped Maximum Considered
8.6 Ventilation....................................... 82 Earthquake Spectral Response
8.7 Piping............................................... 82 Acceleration, 5 Percent Damped,
8.8 Lightning Protection........................ 84 at 0.2-Sec Period SS for Site

8.9 Electrical and Lighting..................... 84 Class B for the Conterminous


United States.............................. 28
8.10 Interior Floors.................................. 86
4 Mapped Maximum Considered
8.11 Antennas and Communication
Earthquake Spectral Response
Equipment................................. 87
Acceleration, 5 Percent Damped,
9 Inspection and Testing at 1-Sec Period S1 for Site
9.1 General............................................ 88 Class B for the Conterminous
9.2 Geotechnical and Foundation.......... 89 United States.............................. 30

9.3 Concrete.......................................... 90 5 Mapped Maximum Considered


9.4 Steel Tank: Materials and Earthquake Spectral Response
Acceleration, 5 Percent Damped,
Tolerances.................................. 92
at 0.2-Sec Period Ss for Site
9.5 Steel Tank: Welding......................... 92
Class B for Region 1................... 32
9.6 Accessories....................................... 97
6 Mapped Maximum Considered
9.7 Hydrotest......................................... 97 Earthquake Spectral Response
Acceleration, 5 Percent Damped,
at 1-Sec Period S1 for Site
Class B for Region 1................... 34

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Copyright 2011 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved.
7 Mapped Maximum Considered 13 Mapped Maximum Considered
Earthquake Spectral Response Earthquake Spectral Response
Acceleration, 5 Percent Damped, Acceleration, 5 Percent Damped,
at 0.2-Sec Period Ss for Site at 0.2-Sec Period Ss for Site
Class B for Region 2................... 36 Class B for Alaska...................... 42
8 Mapped Maximum Considered 14 Mapped Maximum Considered
Earthquake Spectral Response Earthquake Spectral Response
Acceleration, 5 Percent Damped, Acceleration, 5 Percent Damped,
at 1-Sec Period S1 for Site at 1-Sec Period S1 for Site
Class B for Region 2................... 37 Class B for Alaska...................... 43
9 Mapped Maximum Considered 15 Mapped Maximum Considered
Earthquake Spectral Response Earthquake Spectral Response
Acceleration, 5 Percent Damped, Acceleration, 5 Percent Damped, at
at 0.2-Sec Period Ss for Site 0.2-Sec Period Ss and 1-Sec Period
Class B for Region 3................... 38 S1 for Site Class B for Puerto
10 Mapped Maximum Considered Rico, Culebra, Vieques,
Earthquake Spectral Response St. Thomas, St. John, and

Acceleration, 5 Percent Damped, St. Croix.................................... 44


at 1-Sec Period S1 for Site 16 Mapped Maximum Considered
Class B for Region 3................... 39 Earthquake Spectral Response
11 Mapped Maximum Considered Acceleration, 5 Percent Damped,
Earthquake Spectral Response at 0.2-Sec Period Ss and 1-Sec
Acceleration, 5 Percent Damped, Period S1 for Site Class B for
at 0.2-Sec Period Ss and 1-Sec Guam and Tutuila...................... 45
Period S1 for Site Class B for 17 Extreme Frost Penetration (depth
Region 4..................................... 40 in inches based on state
12 Mapped Maximum Considered averages)..................................... 77
Earthquake Spectral Response 18 Minimum Pipe Cover (cover
Acceleration, 5 Percent Damped, above top of pipe in feet)............ 85
at 0.2-Sec Period Ss and 1-Sec A.1 Design Spectral Acceleration.......... 103
Period S1 for Site Class B for A.2 Impulsive and Convective Design
Hawaii....................................... 41 Spectral Acceleration................ 106
A.3 Modeled Imperfection (from
reference A.5-1)........................ 117

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Copyright 2011 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved.
Tables 13 Wall Reinforcement
1 Coefficients for Calculation of Requirements............................. 67
Velocity Exposure Height 14 Minimum Safety Factor for
Coefficient K z. ........................... 23 Foundations............................... 74
2a Design Wind Pressure Cf pz (in psf) 15a Specific Reporting Requirements...... 89
for V b = 90 mph ....................... 24 15b Other Reports of Tests and
2b Design Wind Pressure Cf pz (in Pa) Inspections, When Specified...... 89
for Vb = 40 m/s........................... 24 16 Maximum Reinforcement of Shell
3 Site Classification............................. 25 Butt Joints at Radiograph
4a Site coefficient Fa. ............................ 26 Locations................................... 94
4b Site Coefficient Fv............................ 26 A.1 Plate Material Properties................ 111
5 Coefficient for Upper Limit on A.2 Preheat Requirements for
Calculated Period Cu. ................ 49 Standard Weld Procedure
6 Steel Plate Requirements.................. 53 Specifications........................... 119

7 Minimum Size of Fillet and Partial A.3 Side Rail Size and Spacing
Joint Penetration Welds.............. 56 (ASTM A36 Steel)................... 127

8 Allowable Stresses in Shell Plates A.4 Fillet Weld Convexity..................... 134


and Structural Components....... 56 A.5 IQI Selection.................................. 135
9 Values of (R/t)c................................. 57 A.6 Maximum Acceptable Rounded
10 Plasticity Reduction Factor Discontinuities for RT.............. 136
Coefficients................................ 60 B.1 Optional Requirements and
11 Alignment Tolerance of Defaults................................... 139
Butt Joints.................................. 63 C.1 Minimum Safety Factor for
12 Maximum Reinforcement of Pile Foundations...................... 144
Shell Butt Joints......................... 63

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Copyright 2011 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved.
Foreword
This foreword is for information only and is not a part of ANSI*/AWWA D107.

I. Introduction.
I.A. Background. A composite elevated water tank is composed of a welded
steel tank for watertight containment, a single pedestal concrete support structure,
foundation, and accessories.
The AWWA Standards Committee on Composite Elevated Tanks was formed to
prepare a standard for the design, construction, inspection, and testing of composite
elevated tanks. ACI 371R, Guide for the Analysis, Design, and Construction of Elevated
Concrete and Composite Steel-Concrete Water Storage Tanks, and ANSI/AWWA D100,
Welded Carbon Steel Tanks for Water Storage, are used as source documents.
Work covered by this standard is usually procured under a designbuild contract.
It is intended that ANSI/AWWA D107 be used as a reference standard in project docu-
ments prepared by purchasers and engineers specifying composite elevated water tanks.
I.B. History. The AWWA Standards Committee on Composite Elevated
Tanks was formed in 1992 to prepare a standard for these structures. This is the first

edition of ANSI/AWWA D107, and it was approved by the AWWA Board of Directors
on Jan. 17, 2010.
I.C. Acceptance. In May 1985, the US Environmental Protection Agency
(USEPA) entered into a cooperative agreement with a consortium led by NSF
International (NSF) to develop voluntary third-party consensus standards and a
certification program for direct and indirect drinking water additives. Other members
of the original consortium included the American Water Works Association Research
Foundation (AwwaRF, now Water Research Foundation) and the Conference of State
Health and Environmental Managers (COSHEM). The American Water Works
Association (AWWA) and the Association of State Drinking Water Administrators
(ASDWA) joined later.
In the United States, authority to regulate products for use in, or in contact with,
drinking water rests with individual states. Local agencies may choose to impose
requirements more stringent than those required by the state. To evaluate the health

* American National Standards Institute, 25 West 43rd Street, Fourth Floor, New York, NY 10036.
American Concrete Institute, 38800 Country Club Dr., Farmington Hills, MI 48331.
Persons outside the United States should contact the appropriate authority having jurisdiction.

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Copyright 2011 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved.