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Precision measuring bridge for high and 2801

low voltage according to Schering

Features General Measurement ranges


– Standard measurements with direct dissi- The Schering AC measuring bridge is used tan δ : 0...3.5 (350 %) and more
pation factor reading up to tan δ = for capacitance and dielectric loss mea- CX with CN ~ 100 pF:
1.111. surements of all sorts of capacitors, such as direct: 0 pF...11 µF
– Special measurements for low dissipation cables, solid and liquid insulants, etc. with external shunt, type 2902:
factors. Due to a special circuit arrange- Measurements are possible at operating up to 110 µF
ment, tan δ is 0.01·C4 (C4 in µF) for all voltage and operating frequency. with current transformer, type
adjustable fixed resistors R4 between Standard calibration: 50 or 60 Hz. 4732–4761: up to 10 000 µF
100 and 10 000 ohm.
– Measurements with direct capacitance Design features and Measurement accuracy
reading.
– Measurements with higher charging cur-
technical specification Capacitance: ± 0.04 %
Measurements are carried out by compari- Dissipation factor: ± 0.5 % ± 1...5.10-5
rents, without shunt connection. This elim-
son with a standard capacitor. It should be Frequency: 50...60 Hz
inates the disadvantage of having to use
a correction formula. virtually loss–free and its capacitance and
Calibration accuracy
– Direct measurements of grounded test dissipation factor must be known.
The bridge is balanced by modyfying the Resistances: ± 0.02 %
objects.
resistance decade, the slide wire, and the Time constants: < 1 · 10-8 sec.
– Special measurements with increased
capacitance decade until the null indica- Capacitances (for tan ): ± 0.5 %
sensitivity, e. g. for oil and foil tests, using
a guard–ring capacitor. tor's deflection is zero.
Depending on the circuit arrangement, the
Frequency range
– Measurement sensitivity for Cx = 100 pF.
Test voltage = 1000 V, f = 50 Hz: tan δ dissipation factor and the capacitance may 10...1000 Hz
= approx. 1...2 .10-6. either be read off directly or calculated by Measurements with lower or higher fre-
– Inductance measurements according to means of a formula – based on the resis- quencies according to special provisions.
Maxwell and Hay. tances R3 and R4, the capacitance C4, and Standard calibration: 50 or 60 Hz.
– Mutual inductance measurements ac- the standard capacitance values. All harm-
ful earth and partial capacitances are elim-
Dimensions
cording to Carey–Foster.
– Measurements of electrolytic capacitors. inated due to a guard potential control. 607 x 367 x 160 mm (24 x 14.5 x 6.3 in)
– Capacitance measurements according to
Weight
Wien.
All these circuit arrangements can be se- 20 kg (44 lb)
lected by means of one main switch.
Schematic diagram

arrangement No. 1
R3 = 0...1111 Ω
R4 = 100 - 200 - 500 - 1000 -
2000 - 5000 - 10000 - 100/π S = 0.0 ...1.1 Ω
1000/π - 10000/πΩ
N= 0.1 - 0.3 Ω C4 = 50 pF...1.111 µF
1 - 2 - 5 - 10 - 20
50 -  Ω T1:

arrangement No. 2 I =
R3 = 0.1 - 0.3 Ω Il =
1 - 2 - 5 - 10 - 20 - 50 -
100 - 200 - 500 - 1000 T2:
2000 - 5000 - 10000 Ω I = bridge
R4 = 0...1111Ω Il = guard

Legend N = Step-adjustable resistors


CN, = Standard capacitor C4 = Capacitance decade
CX = Test sample G = Galvanometer
R3 = 1. Resistance decade S = Slide wire with taps
2. Step-adjustable resistors T1 = tan  switch: large/small tan
R4 = 1. Step-adjustable resistors T2 = Galvanometer switch
2. Resistance decade Sch = Shield
R5 = Auxiliary resistor

Order specification Standard capacitors - Resistance decade


– Compressed gas capacitor series 3370 10 x 1000 Ω type 1101 f spec.
Scope of supply (050/100 pF - 200...1200 kV) 10 x 10000 Ω type 1101 g spec.
Measuring bridge according to Schering
type 2801. – Compressed gas capacitors – Resistor box type 1153
100 pF - 70 kV type 3380/100/ 70 10 Ω/ 100 Ω/ 1000 Ω/ 10 kΩ/ 100 kΩ
Ground cable 16 mm2 10 m
100 pF - 100 kV type 3380/100/100 for inductance measurements
(The connection cables are not included in
the price) – Compressed gas capacitors according to Maxwell and Hay, and
1000 pF - 20 kV type 3385/1000/20 mutual inductance measurements
Optional supply 1000 pF - 25 kV type 3385/1000/25 according to Carey-Foster
Electronic null indicator type 5516 – Polystyrene capacitors – Ionization filter type 7345
Oscilloscopic null indicator type 5517 1000 pF -25 kV type 3360/1000/25 - Cables
Automatic guard potential 0,01 µF -1000 V type 3313 1 cable to connect test type 111 WA
regulator type 2911 0,1 µF -1000 V type 3314 object CX
unipolar, double shielded
Auxiliary arm according to – Air capacitor series 3320
with terminal box
Wagner type 2906 10/20/50/100/500/1000/
standard lengths: 2, 5,10, 20 m
2000/5000/10000 pF - 2000 V
Shielded transformer type 7651 1 cable to connect type 111 W
(to match the input – Variable vacuum capacitor standard capacitor CN
impedance of the null 5...250 pF - 2000 V type 3320/5-250 unipolar, double shielded
indicator to the bridge) – Test cells for liquid instulants standard lengths: 2, 5,10, 20, m
External shunt, max. 20 A type 2902 Heatable up to 150°C - 1 cable to connect ext. type 101 W
max. 2000 V type 2903 shunt type 2902
Precision current transformer Test cell - max. 1000 V type 2905 unipolar, shielded
(up to 2000 A) type 4732 standard lengths: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 m
Current comparators: – Test cells for solid insulants
up to 400 A type 4762 Heatable up to 300°C - 1 cable to connect null type 121/1
up to 2000 A type 4761 max. 2000 V type 2914 indicator type 5516 or
up to 10000 A type 4764 type 5517
bipolar, shielded
length: 1 m
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